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Full text of "Forest and stream"

fflmm 



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r 







Weekly Journal of Mi and Aquatic Sports, Practical Natural History^ 



Fish. Culture, Protectiou of Game, 



PRESERVATION of FORESTS, 



md the Inculcation in Men and Women of a Healthy Interest in 



OUT-DOOR RECREATION AND STUDY. 



CHARLES HALLOCK, Editor. 



VOLUME 3. 



SHUTH30NSAN INSTITUTION 
WASHJN6TGN 25. B.C. 



PUBLISHED BY 

EOREST AND STREAM PUBLISHING COMPANY, 

1 f CHATHAM STREET, NEW YORK. 
1875. 




FOEEST AND STREAM. 



iimhex— ^oi^tjivxe: 3. 



ANS'S TO CORRESPONDENTS. 
Page 

A Bet Decided 407 

About Rifle Shooting at 1,000 Yards 8? 

About Skills 7 

.\ i; • ■: i;-. elver 103 

A Good Work on Quadrupeds 862 

A "Newport" Boat 119 

A Reliable Turf Register 103 

A Sport-mar."* Farm — Where to Kind 87 

As to Pocket Dials 343 

Atmospheric: li::l lcuces in Shooting 3.>fl 

A Two Weeks 1 'Irip to Southern Adirond.tcka— 
Cost, Ac . 



Beuch Uu 
Best 



J., Km 



in! I, a 



irk- < 



( 'ticss 



i«g Ponds. 



Bluensh-Baitfor.. 

Bi.gnrdns and Paul Travis 

Breaking Setters 

Camping nut in Pennsylvania 

Can Certain -snakes Strike. Above the Knee. . 

Catching Rabbits with Ferrets 

Catchin^Shy ria-s 

Certain Points in Croquet 

Chess-As to Pawn to Eighth Square 

Convictions rm Having Came out of Soison. 
Cervtis Ignol-iii-Judging Age by their Horns. 

Costof Yachts and Boats 

Co6t of a Trip to the Blackwater 

Crawlish, from Boston 

Creedmoor -Origin of Name 

JJecov Ducks— Where to Get 

Deer "Heads for Mounting 

Deer on Long Island 

Deer Shouting - tkood Place for. . 



Distances it 



Dis'empel in Dog 



<• Rangeley Regioi 



-Good I'laites for. 



o.l ria 



Fishing ■ 
Fishing - . . 

Fishing near Perth Anlboy., 

Fishing •- i» -kings — Where to uci 

Florida- K. t:- to Visitors, Boutc, Pare, &C...55, 
135, 231, 8»1, 

Beet Place to liai-e oranges, in 

■ How to Shipaiioat to 8 

Food of the Ki-d Deer 1 

Fowler's Reel-Price of 

Fro-- and the Frog Trade 8 

Game and Fish in Northern Michigan 

Game in ( .-..cad J 86, S 

Claim's Gyro - 

"GloauV (inn Chest 

Good Pistol Shooting 

Good Shootiug Places South. . 
Good Work on Dog Breeding.. 

Goose and D-j'-k snooting 

i, &e. 



. .itir, 881, iir, aa 



Alt' 



■ i- 



niuscus Barrels 

dun in 1'owder Mea-i 
and Paper Shells... . 
•and L-ngih of Huns, 
turrets. Locks, &c. . . 



As to Selv ting Foreign Guns 

As to Shortening Barrels in Guns 

Breech and Muzzle Loaders... 7, 39, 55 

Cnarge foi a 18 Bore Re.nington jor 

Cnarg.sfo: DifterciitGuiis and Came ...83,89, 
.Vi. 71, 87, 103, 119. I"9, 317, 407. 

Charges TJscd at the Creedmoor Match 151, 183 

Charge id the Winchester Cartridge 2:11 

Charge Used by Bogardus 151 

t -.. of Double (inns 

Duty on Imported Guns 

Gun Cotton for Shooting Purposei 



, 879, 344 



..55, 8 



H-e 



. 811 



Sucfoindlaud for Trapping 

TJo Law a- to Rabbits and Squinels. 
Oil for (inn Barrels... 



■ cmtrng Rivet 

Ori-'iu of tin D.mdie Dinmont Dig 

• rior, and on ilit.' Blue Ridge. . 

Paddies- Single and Double 

Parasites on Fish 

Partridges— Where to Shoot 

Peculiarity of the ■'Express" Rule 

Fickerel and Pike 

Pickerel foi Stocking Pon Is 





Page. 1 




Pace. 


Points of Pointers 




:■;:. 


CodFishins Vacation Kotee on 


....'56, 72 


Pure Blood it, Pointer Pups 




151 


College Rowing Convention 


232 


Quail and Tuikevs in Pike Co 




343 


Connubial— Marriage of J. W. Warren. ... 


201 


Raising Pigeons. 








two 


Raising Sheep in the Northu 








153 


Reed Birds -Whereto Find 








104 


Kent"' Cun Fe t 








.... 408 


Rebounding (inn Lock* 








... .'!?« 


Keutiuu'Shote in .Maryland 








408 


Ke-poiisiliti: Fish Dealer* 








249 


Kigbys Increusng Spiral 








8 


How ami Sail Rjats 






Kvperienee wit), die Engine- of War 




Ru-tnll Leather Tor Hill, ring It- ■ - 




217 


; ; -..; . 




Shoe Packs— Where to (iet. 




215 


Fine Pictures 




Shooting Around Chicago i '■ 




71 


Fires Evl -yuheie 




Shooting- (iood I'iaces for . ; , ; : . 


.',V,'Uo, 183 

g.Sl 


» 


Klorida ... 


'"'• ';".',;', 


Shooting in the Aroostook Region. . 










Shooting in Currituck Sound 











Si' rait'- DogBi-.ltt -Where p, l.et 2ti 

Slocking Pond, with Land Locked Salmon.. 
Strange Fish from in - Moines River . . . 

Targets at Creedmoor. etc 

Taxidermists in the West 

Too Age when Fi.-h are Mature 

The best Partridge Dog 

The best Trapping Ground 

The Columbia K ver Salmon I'-aeri.- . 

The Coste Hatching Trav 

The Creedmoor Target Pi-tol 



The Dachshund 
The Florida W. 
The 1leg.-n.an 



Turk.., 



To Break Gun Shy Pups 
To Prevent a Gun fron. I 
To I'ng.-l Sound for Shoe 
Trout Ponds-How to M 



Wc-tern Cmail for R lising Ha- 
When l.ol.s ersmay he Taken 
Wild Ree Where to Get.... 



BILLIARDS. 



Rrooklvn ITole-sl'mai lmirney 

i ...itieiige- nv Kuilolphe-.ud Wilson.. 

il. am, .ion-hip Tournament 

t- l)i..n ,.s. Ibissy 

Ficnch Came Tournament 

Joe Dion VS. Vignaux 

Long Island Championship 

Minor Mole* 

Naiot.a: Billiard Congress a 
Kudolphe iv. Cjrille Dion.. 
R.dopli 1- Gamier .. . 
Smaller Bail- in Philad.-lphK 
The French Came Tourney 
Tourn.mnnt at Samuell's.. . 

Vignaux ••- Dion 

Wilson .---. Cuillet 



As 10 Pawn to Kightll Square 

Boston Che-s Club-Ofuccis 

British (lies- Chiimpiotisiip 

Brooklyn Club Tourney 2J . 2Vi. 851 



■-!. Pi- 



ll Toi 



uey... 
iett.... 



\p~. ngei, llerr Ku-ih, Edit 
The Philadelphia Club ..'..'..'' 

EDITORIALS. 



a r: 



\ Relic or ihe Mound Builder 

Minv Officers as Riders 

A Valuable .Journal 

Bad Land- of the Blu.-k Hill-. 



Convention 

e Came Law - 



uuiiig Crove Park... 

•eh Loader* 

tornia It. lie Chalhng. 



•lub 

teport - 

.tion 233. 24!«. -. 

ion at Niagara Falls 



L:. 



i- Fi-li. 



.1 Rifle Mutch. 

(l ir Fionti.-r officers 

Our Indian Gallery 

Our Rifle Clnb 

Out Second Fl ir-.da Kxp'ditao. 



Spo 



Major A. B. Lei b l 

wl in Kngiaiid Letter ti an I 
n for 'a'Uv'ncli Show 





!'... .:'.t Prol it ■ 


SI line Tourn 

Society to 1'iev.- 


to. i.- :.' Niagaia 

it Cruel y to Children 






. M..1..1 Ll -eh 



The BigH net- Progia. nine... 393, 291 

: t . I>. ■ ■ ..- Liu v 1-1. , ml 

Tin Ftn :- Hunting Field 

The Intern itiom.l Team foi lh75 

The li.teri.a-lonal Match F.i.gl 

The Ir - a and American ( otup, ttta.u ■ |i ,.gi.i..-. 



The Le 



•I- Rifle 



vi;;*:; •-- - ; — : <-■■■ ••< 

W hen lluaii hi .-■ be sh.T 

Wo-ideoek in Eng'and ;; 

Wuodio.k Sll-ii g 

■■'■ |..id,i.iianv 



FISH CULTURE. 

Air Tight Cans for Shipping Fish 

Amendment to New York Fish Laws 

Aquarium at the state Fair 

Bc'-ks Conntv Pennsylvania Came Associate 

It mi -lit' Tfoii: 

Bi.a. K Bass. 

In ('oncctient 

Ii- the Delaware 

In the Susquehanna 

stocking Ponds With 1M 



At McCloudRivi 



i.-i. ng ' . 80,68,148, 164, g 

-. iiini-Fi-ii' in Tiansit; ;;;:;. ;;;;;. .; i 

u org to Sail Green --■ 1 

,v to Raise Trout .119, 2 

ni.i- State Fish C-ilrurists- Association 1 



I'n.f Bairds Rep. 
I',. .posed Fish Fai 



t Purchase in Ne« Jersey 

of Maine K-sa ( •omuiissionets 

kin? ' onnecticnt River 

iCulture 

i in Irish Rivers in 

i in Maryland 



n the 



1 Ka] 



... 26 
.... 8 



Mather'.- Mode 

s ;li Green's Mode... 

Transporting and Hatching 

-,-. a inentof Gold Fisli 

'rout Bret-ding of Jeremiah Coiiins, 

•rout. Poachers in Oivusco Lake 

'rout -v. Sawdust 

'rout Raising in New Zealand 



Zoology of Hie Black Hills 

HORSE AND COURSE. 

American Jockey Club Me. t.ng 

A Novel Hun- in Fran.-.- = 

Apology the Sr. lager \\ inner 



i -n -kill Races 

Centennial Four Aliie Race 

Central New York Fair, at I'tica 

( -h itleston Races 3 

Chinaman r*. Katv Pease, at Oakland, Oil 

Charter Oak Park Races 

-.. ':e i- ! i no I I'.'i.i. 

i ..:. Kiehard Tenhroci'k-Slioot-.ngof. 

D -■ hi i ihlo) Races .. 

D i I' e-t M '' ' R-ie. 

" '-. ' ! ' ' ' ' 



-r I'll'-.; I- , 

eld Agri iltursl - 

i ii-ti Race., : 

Feu- of C. H. Mi-her, at Lowell 

Fleetwood Park Races. I- 

:. ' ! . 

!■ Races.... 

Driving Park Races 

Goldsmith M.-dd at Rochester 

Co-hen Park Races ( 

i, r.-at Racing sires 

Hampden Park Ria <— _ 






INDEX. 



I'.vun. 

wrisbntg DWTtn«E»tk lt-i. • - 199 

■ ,,,.. . .. :i,;:>. 881, 418 

■ i-.ir-i Rare." • I'- ill ' 167. lull 

: Llraes --' 

: F:iir \--...'i:ili.;ll l.'.l. — 18S. 269 
>i...|..l ill IKi.-li-l. i- 

ny Goubl against Time, at llo.-ton 180 

Ml. If.7. 166, 1W8, mi 

■ in- ,\--. i.it:.>i: .. . .. -"-'I 
;ey Cluli li.i-. - 

. . ■ . I:..-- 11 I 
to Sleig ■ 

-• ik.-at Svdlll-y 221 

■> :l. ■.'■-'.'. -■--.. ;■■",: 

■ k As->.ci.l'..l. Id, ill, llC; 
lv-:..- I-:,,K Races . . :■-. 109, 83, 221 

Pnrk ■< '.iiim.J.. I! •' - 107 

iaslivllle Rac - :'■'■ 

lew Jockcv Club in l.i>iii«iniiu -'M 

vC-lltl-COf a II..:-. 

I idge Fullcrlon. in i ;.' if i-i nin .. 189, 11.9 

189 

189 

'lucky Ponies 



KaceforI.il' 

Racers Wintering at Pinilico 

':.. i ■• New lliiv.n 

Euces in Arkansas 



i -A-., a-;:. 2.,:i. :'•■« 
10 
111 Kacc- 



A Canine Milker 

A child A:ta. k- .1 I), lilnodlioiiiida 

Adaptation nf !)<..« to Game 

Advice to Porchasora of Dogs, , 



Apparc 

A Us< '■[ 



liiii, :JjH, .iii:>. 3T3. 



Match Between Dash and SmiCllo 

Shorter's Challenge 

Settle i». Whartonby 

I'.'.. -r.OMs ami l-IKl.l) T1U.M.S. 

Allowing Points 

Bencii SUow at Mineolu 

Bend) Show at Detroit 

Dog Shows 

Dogs on the Show Bench ... 
Judging on ilie Show Bench— 10, 

Pr<>i>nsed Bench Show 

Kules for Bench Show.-. 

The next Tennessee Bench "-I,,,.. 

STheTunnessee Field '1 rials 

Cleft or Furrowed Nose 

■Comfort r.ir Dogs on Railroads 
Condition of Dogs for the Shooting I 

Cross Uic-.ls ..r Droppers 

Death of Mr. Rnal's Dachshund . 

Death of Dash— Lines on 

Din-.; D -g- in Philadelphia 

Distemper 

Dog and Gun 

Dog Breaking. . . 

Dogs and Pnrpoi, 

Dog Premiums at Poultry Show* 

Dogs in Paris 

Dogs Pointing a Tortoise 

Dying of Grier 

English Greyhounds in America. 
Feeding During the Shooting Sea 

Field Trials 

Fits 

Food for Dogs 

Fox Dun: ng 

GUdersleeve Setter blood 

Gordon Setters 

Horace Smith an attache of Fore 
How Old are Setters Iseful . 

Hydrophobia 

Impoitation of Dogs . . 

Imported Dogs 

Irish Set'ers 

Irish Water Spaniels 

•'Joseph's" Answer In "Ohservc 
Kennels !'■ 



.... 198, -Ati2 

182 

859, 373, 380 

390 

214, 825 
88 54, 69, 101 

14'J, 245 
298 



ltiti, 182, l!)7, 213, 230 



Mi IK 

M.in; 



Mis 



'Me. 



Deer Hunt ing by Si cam 117 

Earthqiiak- at Guatemala. 317 

English Betting Act 51 

Everlasting Flowers 183 

Florida Meteorological Record 13 

Hood Moccasins-Insect Killer « 

Hi iw the King of Denmark Catch.- .salmon. . .. j I . 

I.iv-.f Robert K. Lee 991 

Muting Glass Malleable Hti 

Northwestern Boundary Survey 1113 

Novel Deer Chase... 370 

Babbit Hnnting with F..rr-ts 412 

Tl.ec „ :; -,„„p.:oH.,f Frog" 189 

T!..- '. '.'■(..•., -for Nove.nl).. r 186 

Trie Weather lid 

Valuable Recipes ■- 

"WuyNolr" 2!)1 

MISCELLANEOUS SKETCHES. 

A Teal limit 227 

Abuii! Fish and Bears ill Maine 'M 

A Chut About Game.. 

Across Newfoundland 32 . -13; , 3.M. oil'. 3st;. vn 

A |..,y ,.,.1'v^^ L-.ke .......... 19 



A Happy 
A Lillle 
A Mink. 
Among : 
Idle 



A Nc 

A Nigh: 
A N.n. 
A Trip 
A l'i-ea 

A Hun '. _ 

A Week a 

A Wi.d Goose CUa.se. 

Bass Fishing in Ohtaiio.. 

Back Fever 

Ch« is Hunting 

Chicken Shooting in Iowa 

Col. John B:dii:c 

Come. Ye Disc. 



-MINOR MISCELLANY. 






lie. > 



tehoodice. 



JiJ 



Fly Fisl__„ 

Fort Collins andeolnrsdo 

l-'.orid.l Sketehe- 

Fox Hunting in ."ii-nhi. . . 
From the Rocky Mountains 

From the Floral City 

Game and Sporting in Tcxni 

Game in Montana 

t,..ine in Texas 

Great FccmiicBny 

Grouse Shooting in Coloi ad, 
looming in Disi'. of Columli 
11,., 1. 1 to Hand with a Pant 
Bints for the Adirondack." 
How We Saved the Bridge 



>■ Northwe 



hci . 



Note" from Lou 
October Sports i: 
Ou I he Big Piec. 



c J * 



n Riv 



Reminisce 

Keirospeet 

Salmon Fishing Near Yes. aider. 

Saimon oii the A moo I River 

Sea Fishing in the Tropics 

Shooting Vi ild Piqcon- 

Sport in the Sandwich Islands. 

Sport in the Brown Tract 

Sports In the .Mississippi Bolton 

Sports in California 

sport at Novae Bay 

Sport in Michigan 

sport in Northern Canada 



a >!•■, 



li Ha, 



Sunday Pastimes 

The Beaver River t,ui,iurj ...,,... 

Tne Blackwater Region 

The Comanche Indians 

The Blackwater Region . 

The Gasconade 

The Muskoka Region 

The North Wood Walton Cinb. . 

The Sports of Michigan 

The Vermont Woods 

The Wilds of New Jersey 

Three Weeks on the Magnetewai 

To Florida for $100 

Tribulations of a Tramp in Ad.ron 

Trials of a Salmon Fisher 

Trouting under Difliculties 

Trout in Northern Minnesota 

Trout rishing in Maine 

Turkey Hunting l-.v Moonlijln . . . 
Turtle llHnlin-.'.... 

Vacation Benort*in Newliainp-i, 
Vcnion; a Sequel to Santa Mollle 
Western Sports and SpnrL-ine.n . 
Wild (loose sliootinisbv M 

Wild Wood Ske;ches 

Winter Fishing in Lake IVpin 
Zoology of the :\or.!.w eat 

NATURAL HISTORY. 

A li-.id Ghost Storv 

A I ird not to be imposed I'pon 

Ai.ont Eating Sharks 

A Field I lav in the Insect Word 

A I'toggery" 

A Homed Toad 

A llmitine Cap 

Ainiiioisni in Water >owls 

Albino Vttli/mbiis wphnirhiiiaUs 

Alewive- and Alosa 

An Aquarium Fl:l',l 



igbi. 



A I'roli 


ic Canary 




A i:,..:f 


>on with Fo 


•• Ears 


A Wain 


ering 1'etre 




A Wont 


erfill "Nest 


' of Toad- 



Blind Salmon of the da 
•lllue Back" Trout of 1 
Brains nf Men and Ani 
llu/zaids in Maine.. . 

Caliornia Quail 

Camels In Nevada 

Can Ki-h Hear? 
Central Park Menagerie 
1.1.'. MS. 165, 181, 1 

f ranes of 



Dleeascd Liver In Deer 

Destruction of liuflalo 

1 loineKlic Sponges 

Do Pinnated Grouse Remain In Packs?... 

Evolution of the Hog 

Fauna of Kasteru Florida ... 

Fighting Fishes 

Food of Domestic. 1 Gain.: Birds 

Grouse— Varieties of 

lli-torv nf a Salmon 

II...- os on Eooinj of H,.t:le-m,k.s 



S:i8, ;«.i, 878, 8B9 io:>. 



PAdE. 

.... 340 

IIU 



Nol 



.eA.-e.ifc. 



On the Migration of Biids 

Peculiarities of t he. Brook Trout 

Poison of Egyptian s.-rp. n:s 

Ponipano and favalli 

Pre-, ivin.-ihe Vit il::v "f Kegs 

t^uail Food 

Ripe Shad in December 

Sagacity b'i trie Wo r 

Scarcity of Woodcock 

Seal Rookeries of the North Pacific 

Bmgnlar Snake Story 



Jnslisb Grayling 

:r.'g'!i-li"iind .Michigan Grayling. . 



The Per 
The Pi , 
TU, Po 



\ erteb 
Water 
Wontl 



Turkev 
■rl'..l 1.-1 

= in Dee 



iars aiid'SleaiuringWcii 
in Nelv Mexico.'.'.'. ".'.'.. 



NEW PUBLICATIONS. 



.e,,.. Wild Fowl Shooting 

Cyclopedia oj Rural Sports 

D'isea-esof Sheep 

Eating for Strength 

F.iic.lope.iia of Rural .-ports 

Field (.lover and Trap Shooting 

Fur. Fin and Feather 1 

Half Hour Recreations 

Handbook on the Horse 

Hints to Anglers 

Home", and How to Make Them 

" to Become an Expert Sho! 



Ul,i. 
Linle; 



R... 



Mollusc. 
My Life 
Old Spoi 



To| 



e of Ni 



:orge Lc Bar 

v.iodore's Signal Book.... 

,v of Adirondack s 

il History 



TheGi— 

The Loli-tcr ristiery 

The Sportsman's Club Afloat 
The Ironing Dorse of Amer 

Woirs Wild Animals 

Tl.e Magazines. 

Par, Fin and Feather 

Hurler's Magazine 

I.ippiin ot:'- M.i.-tuine 

Maiitime Monthly 

Nas.-au Magazine 

Overl mil Monthly 

Peoples' Monthly 

Piiienolog.cal .Journal... 
Popular Science Montbl 

Science of Health 

School Journal 

Scunner's Monthly 

st . N icliolna 

The American Naturalist 

The Galaxy 

OBITUARY. 

Death of Dr. J. H. Slack 

Di-oi li of Hon. Ezra Cornell 
Death of Mother Johnsi 



121. 173 

156 

28, 3l>4 



' .'.'l'a',' 05,' 2.^317. J 



124, 173, 317 

12J, 317 

l.Mi. 252 

..124, 252, 300 



POETRY. 



The Aged Agricupniist 83 

The tin in.il Spider 1?J 

Th- Grave of Captain Hull !-"•' 

TheN.-t I«l 

The Proud Red Grouse 145 

The Roaring Kill 358 

The Sea lt..v's Fuiewell :1 

Tl.< sinvi-g l.-oi. Ill 

•iheS»;.-!..w's Farewell 1!'8 

The Wiiippoorwill W 

■-••Dog-Dying 4H8 



Winter 

Wo 



I lelks 



6 Miiku tin: Turkeys SingV.'. 



RATIONAL PASTIMES. 



Paok. 

Amai. in A — ,ciatiou -Coiivchiion 316 

Archery-Rules of 12 

Athletic I 'Inb at Wood's Museum 252 

li.-,- Hull. 

Players in England. .13, 29, S9, 55. 71, 91 



Ac. . 



,' R- 



l> Record.. 



.13. 70 



I'entenniiilC nb. Philadelphia 235 

rhampionship Recnr.1. . 13. 53, 71, Irj. iiu, .rr,. 
. :i. r.: •■T'.i, .-. i. 



Miillin 11. 1 
Notable (., 

New York i 



Red Stockings Record 
R. E. Lee" ... Garden 
Statel, Island Club To 
St. Louis i ml) for 1ST 



Ingland 18, 29. 39, 55, 91 



Cricket a- D 






167 


Cricket in Kngunid 






12 


lletioit Peninsula- ,■*. 




and Port Ed i 


Ex.raordinarv Lii.-li- 


i Mate 


l 


... 1 12 


Monirealci.il. Tour 






54 




inl'ui 


adeiphia 


208 


GeimaiitoHii. in:'-;. '. ' 


iub.. . 




.102, 203, 279 


II.,: ;..-. Tourney, 1-7-1 






...3a, 54, 71 




ill ISV 


1868 and 1S7A 




d 




219 


Minor . Ticket Notes. 






156, IW, 364 


M reals,-. Bo-.oii- 






71 


Montr-al club at Hob 






54 


Philadelphia Club ... 


a for I 




279 

88 

316, 380 

.364, 3115, 412 
379 








299, 864; 895 








183 








156 








156 


illvwinle's Guide 






2U3 


ew Jersev Athletic As 






3)6, 348 


'ew York Athletic Chi 






92i 119 


astiiues in Canada.. 13 






251, 268, 
816, 34S. 



l'erte-lri.llli-1,1. 

D. OT.earv's Great Walking 1\ 
Fool Race." at Boston and Chic 
James Adams, of England— u.-i 
John It. Judd's Walking Feats 

Mark Twain's Walk 

Pedestrian Tour of President < 
"Yaiious Pedestrian Notes.. ... 

W. --.nil's Walks ...... 

Scottish tonnes in Brooklyn 

skating Notes 

Tel-graph . ... Messengers' Conic 
vt resiling Match 



rant's Sons 13 

:).',. 156, 167, 220 
II. 2!t9. 818, 364. 
102, 27'.'. 316 



SEA AND RIVER FISHING. 



inoi.da-a Lake 

Icr Law .' 1 

Good Calcl.es utT I. oha-set. 



A Pie: 
A Rel 



e Fish 



>rd Fish, 
the Potoill 



A Stn..._ 
A Whale- 

Barberry Ply Rods 

Bass Fishing in the Tennes-ee. 

Baas in Canada 

lias- -A Great Catch 

Ba«s Rods and Bars Fishing.... 
Ma- Fishing in the Schuylkill.. 
Blue Fish at Newport -In Bosto 

Boneless Codfish for Market 

Drier Deports from Correspondents. 

tanada"" '*, ia8 iA> 1'ffi 158, 'M m, 

Connecticut 

District of Columbia 

From Twin Lake 



n Harbor 



New Bampsbir 
Ohio 



12, 134, 188. A33. 37s, 3H5 

311 

70 

93, 108, 128, 181. 151, 168 



s.V 3C 3 



n-' Season Closed in Canada. . 
esler Business and Market.... 1-V>. 112. 1 
202, 234, 283, AS8, S 
■e-iei caii l...-t in 1873 S 

. , I. I i-iieruu-li in the Slieuaitdoilh. . 

r 'h'si-'.'ii' V:tV:' '"."" t, ,'A S:i. S8. l?A. 1 



x Pi&horietd 



INDEX. 



v- '. ' 



in In-:. nd 

Salmon Fi.-her 

a Taken with Bait o 



Sport in Newfoundland 

St. Augustine Fish Market 
Mortality of Fieh in 

Striped Bass at Nianlic 

The FiBhof fdwa 

The I 



The Musk 




The Provi 




The I.-.-..: 




The Turpi 






ll,lkc s L ,.i„ft ■„ v 


T routing i 


i Northern Mulligan 


Trouting 
Troufng i 


t Walltngfurd. Vt... 
yoTyro. 


Tromii. s 
Trouting r 


i;( -iilcurs on llncCTet 
eurMalone 


Tionttage 


n tin Rang.lcv Luke 


limed sk 


K- Menhaden nil in, 


"\ Isitors tc 


Nepigon. . 


Yoracitv i 


f Blue Fish 


Winter Ki 




Walter M 


Bracket"'!- Paintim- 


Hie A' 1; 


lowledgc.ncnt . .. . 



SHOT GUN AND RIFLE. 
A Belgian Target Indicator 



A Hunting Trip 

AiicringOun-! 

A Convention Wanted 

A Magnificent Breech Loader 
Anintenr Rfllc Club-Col. Win 
Amateur Shool at Providence 
An Ower True Tale. . 
Annual Match of Tor, 



.1 Me. 



Dg N. 



Aik.iii.-as 

Canada.... Mi. iOT. lis. ir,.i, 170,417,331.5 
■■: 

Connecticut 

California 

I 'ol.,ladn 

District of Columbia 

Delaware 

Florida ...:». 107. lis. ion, Sot. 817.381. * 
3I.V 
Georgia 48, 36C, S 



Idaho.. 
India 



Territory 

7J. :'/7. 150, 170. 187,201, 

...48. *-i. IIS. 130. 170. 8.1. 8i,i. 



88. 18. 180. IJ'.i. 170. 
394, 81.1 
io. 83 :• 



Kansas. 

Kentucky . . 

Louisiana 

Michigan .. 
Maine.... . 

Maryland . . 

Massachusct'i 



Ncbra-k 
New Ha 

New ,1. | 



North Carolina 170 

Ohio.. 13,86,187,317,2116,883 

Oregon .... 801. 8TO 

Pennsylvania . .33, 71. si;, p/7. 13'J. 170. 1^7. 817. 
330, 304 

Rhode I.-land *>3 

Tennessee 10, 301, MB, 281 

.81.-.. m, 3w 

Vermont . . . 107. Si; 

Virginia .-88. H/7. l.Vi. 110. 1S7. .01. 316, 366, 3,5 

Wise in. . .>. v\. lis. ijii. 17„. 8.U. 817. 811. 

346, 366, 8!)4, 410 

California Rille Scores 3»4 

Camping on the Tennessee 346 

Careless Handling of U ima a 

■ aargei ror Guns ll». ujj, ■.- 

r Mo .- . He, r. ,ve . in N. Y 3!'3 

I spe Ann. ...317. 283, 315, 316, 3l'i. 368, 393 

Chicken Shooting in Iowa 13 



138 

no 101 

....87,186, 331 

87,105 



All Comers Mate), 

Amateur Hille Association Prograi 

Amateur Rifle Club I'racuce ... 

American and Iri-h Team Practice 

American r.f. Irish Team Full - 

Americun Team— Names of 

Annual Competition Scoics 

Army and Navy Journal Mulch 

Benueil Match and I'riz,- 

Dcei-ii.n- I., Ex. Com. X. It. A 

Gatliug Match i8s. i8«. 818. : 

Gilder»lceve Medal, score. 

Good Shooting 

Improvements, Fall i onle-l- .-:..- 

Iri-li-Aincrican chili— organization of.. . 

Irish Itille Club Match 

J. II. Steward. Prize- 

"Long Range Badge" Matches 

Origin ,,f l:,i.,8c of 

1'r. — It II. M .!■ :■ 

Proposition from Ontario Train... 

lit i Eton Diamond Badge 

Scottish Club Match 

The California Challenge Accepted 
Size of Targets. 

The Canadians' Score- 

The Leech Clip. . 

iv m Am. Rifles Scon - 
Ttirl. i-i'JI "'"/ Form Badge Contest II. -Jul. 80 
Various Kegimcnial Scon-. .18. 38, 59 

Mis. ,;;- 

Deer Slaughter by Guides 

283 

Onck Shooting a: Lake Koshkouong 347 



13 

39 
B7, 188, 186 

133 

\, 154,171, 288 

8s I 

881 

'■ 
SOS 

■x; 

180 



Extirpate Vermin 

Field Notes from Ohio.. 
Fall Sbobtingtin Mil nee 



nnecticiit and Iowa 



leund li-h in s, >]:•-. • 

„• Protection Soc. in Phila.... 

d Ground. L, 1.. for Ducks.... 



>. 3si. 8'.i4. 814, 330, 



; . ■■ .- : SI 



NiiNlr.u-t.-rn Snm-v-Noti 


ft 


im J.' 


ILB '.. 




10 


Not In rciir-Fa!- Report 




rrected 




10 


Novel Running Shooting in 


Ei 


gland 






11 


Novel Capture" of a Deer .. 










108 


Ontario Hide Association A. 




ai Match.. 






on Hie Mcjsillowav 










173 


Penetrable Targets- I W,o,r„ 






''(iizeit. 




■ll 


Pigeon Shooting 












At Bound Brook 










III) 


At Branchport 








'.90 


ISO 


Ai Chicago 




11, 38 


' 43.' lib'. 


331 


811, 


At Dexter's 140. 366, 


315, 331 


346. 578, 391 


■110 


At Denver 










37 s 


At For! Lee 










118 


At Fianklin. Tcnn 










108 


At Griuid Rapi.!- 












A' I.-.ui.gtol;. Ky 












At ! ({Branch 












At Marsha, Ito-.ui, Iowa . 












At Mempbi* 












At Niajara Falls 










~W 


At Palatine. Ill 










. 


At Paris. Kv 








"ll 


43 


A- :■■■: : > . ; '■ 'i 










346 


At Fln-nixl l!lb. (JlooklV 













SPORTING NEWS FROM 
A E ROAD. 



i-hipoi the Thames 



..18. :>:. : i. io7.iS7.iR-i. is, 

131 

k shooting 3 



SPORTSMENS' RECEIPTS. 

i Emetic for Dogs •; 

lllseand dire of Mange 199, i 

c-tei-ookine: outfit 



for Rabid Dog 
for Footsorene 
for Fits in Dog 


Bites... 

sin Do 


fo 

fo 

fo 

for 


Distemper i 
Crnrktdlli 

Canker in] 
Blindness in 
iv for Blind 


II Doe- 

•Is in 1 
in Do 2 

„o-S V.- 

Dogs.. 



[Tlllill (III l)o-s .. 

! to a no--- Ha.'.. 

s Waterproof. ... 



To Itcs-.o 
To Softei 
l". S. Pel 



mposition.. 
COLLEGES. 



■ 



304, 336, 80s. as] ;,,- 



tubal Olnb Match.. 



id l Va ) 



Richini 

Rill, l-l,. 

Rifle Club at Mt. 

Rifle Range in Ma 

Rille Touriiainelit 
Rtihans D'Acier. . 
San PranoiscoLl" 
Scoreof <■■■ Na-i 

Shells -Metal all.l 



all Cork 

oi for Field Shooting. . 
tbyMooiilighl 

. r Westport.... 
:. Metfotd Killer. 



jho. 



IngClub 

n the Wing . 



Shooting a 



M- i 



toe chili i 

.....11, 18. 171. 8 5,247, 
310, 383, 395 
2 Association 



WOODLAND LAWN 
GARDEN. 



Ayr: 



[the 



', The, 



SP" 



lation 

818, MJ, 8.17. : 
i's Association.. .. 



Testimonials lo Dorkst ..... 

Teslinea Gun 

The California (. reedmoor 

The CoullliL' Crawl Hunt 

The Dublin International Mutch 

The Fur Trade 

Thelletirv Rifle 

Tn. I - s -li Challenge 

Tlie up. - ■ - '■( on 

Kii'd'.'.'".'. , .'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.". : l".' 

Tie- So l.i-ippil -lull 

The Wimliledon Comuotiuon 

Texae shooting in 

Tortoise as Game 

Trapping Mid Snaring 

Two Week's Hunt mi Red River 

Wanton Slaughter..., 

What is a Drachm 

Wh-.-re Rail Breed 

Wild Turkey- Ran-.- or 

" omentlOU 

Wimliledon— Targets at 

Winchester Rifle Club Scores 

Wiui.il, :■ S, ore- for Kin... I'l.ali. u»e Shi. 1.1 .. . . 
Windsor House subscription to American Team.. 

U no r Tin .ii".hls 

Wood Powd r 

Wolves Attracted by AK-nfoctida 

W, ,0,1- uie Shoot 1 1,8 Association 

Woodcock shootii.L- in Ron, loan Co. Va. . 
Woodcock. Bay Birds, Quail, etc.. 

manlike Conduct in Pennsylvania 

Victoria r«. Toronto, at lluniilion, Cunuda. 



A New C, 

A New I usee! 

A Plea for 1 1. e For. -I 

A Wonderful Tree 

Bird- as the Friends of the I. 

BurvineCelerv for Winter.. 

- arid their Culture 

Carnivorous Plants 

Coeoaiiut Tree 

Cultivation of the Tulip 

Culture or the Cactus 

Dcnmlini'i, Countrvof Tr-e 
Do no, scare Hie Kiid- 



[- voi.r La 
IvyPolsoi 
Last Dais 
l.el tin- Hi: 
Llliuin ,la| 
1. ilium I.a 
Loafers tn 
Newfound 
November 
Orchard M 
Parasites o 
Rink Pond 
pelart: ■■nil. 
Phelioln, I'. 



, at C inehocken 



Rui 



Rii-iic Bask 

Save He M.,.,.-. 

Sh(-en Raising in California 

Slip Propaealion 

Sleep and odor of Flowers. 

Soil f..r On hards 

Tall i "in 

The Biggest Kami 

The Sueur Crop 

Treatment of Bolls 

Tree Rlauiiigin Nebraska 
- Flowers. 

Tuberose limbs 

Uses or the Dead Leaves. . . 

Wild Plums in Kansas 

Wild Sheep in California. . . 
Winter Gardens 



Answers t 

About the Mi 



Correspondents- II y 



Cultivation of l.ardc.ii Fein 

Do (Jtiails Pull up Corn 

1:1. ptiani w ne! i ■: 



I'rep,,riii8 
Seed of t: 
Silk W, lr 
Tunic 11,.-: 



: Bouii.y.v. Moiiaclul. . 



YACHTING AND BOATING. 



I'enE . 

8i.s. 3 |s, :)7'i. 

Bout Drawn bv a Kite 

Boston Yacht ' I.:'. ' 

Brown-.Morri.- Simile Scull Race.... 

Bri.oklvn Yacht C:uli Retratta 18-j. 

Bridsepon Regatta 

Blinker Iliil Yact.tl l.:b 

Butler .-.-. Pi lisln I 

Canada A. pi. if. ' No'-- • 181 

. ;-.. r.'.'wc:. 8M 3:-. 

Cnhouing in Japan • ; 

Cedar Poinl Res itta 

. 
Cla— ilic.itii.i! ,.r 1 .,.!,:- 

: 

Colnmhill BoatClul. Regatta 



cor. 



■ 



i Ka 
t„l r.oat- 

8a R. eatta 

Annual Cr 



Cramercv I inb R.-j;. 

Hnhfas Royal Yacht ( int.. 
Harlem Kowit 



Race for Sheridan i ..;• 



Northwestern 


licgatii 


Association 


Oakland Beac 


, R. 8.1! 




Oneida Boat ( 


Inb Re 




Our Oood Yin 






I'alisa-le Boat 






Portland Yacl 


I Club 





- of I, 



Club.. 



club. . 



..37, la, BO, 









Record or the Mabel 

Rccaitu at Barnegat 

Regatta at Oyster lliiv 161 

Ri.-L-at!ii for Siu-Ie Scull- at Sobago Lake. . . 7 

Regatta of the .lersev city Tub YachtClub. . 7 

Regatta on the Merrimack 

Regatta of Nat. Asso. Ainatuer Oarsmen atiTroy 7 

Regatta at Port (he-ter 103 

Revision of Sailing Regulations 

Rigging ind Spur- 

- 

Rowing in Philadelphia II 

Rowing Match at Noiwi.h 181 

Royal Halifax Chili Meeting 370 

Royal Yacht Club Regatta 



ng Regululio 
Saratoga Pew ii.g !-- 
Schoofship St. Marys.. 
Schuylki ; ' '• 

Selioou-rs for Florida 

seuv.alil.aka Roiling Re •• 

. ma.. . 
ScliBL'ii Lake Regatta 

on Yacht Ceil. ....... 

SprlngUk" m„i, Regaiia 
.starfs-Easterc liicht Clul, , Rules. .. . 

Stanley's Section Boat for Africa 

■ !■'!.-. • 
twi en Montreal and (!u. 1.,-c 
The ( iippel Filing Che i: 
shClnb -y-i. to 

H •-■ lulil g Mat. I, 
I! ; ven Sharp .- 
o (Cal.j Clialiengi 
Tom'a River Yai In i hit, I.. . 
. Sellii at Halifax 

ate III,- Dr., v.;;. fl. 

Two Days in ,-. Bin b Coi - 

I'miiiie Club Race 

■ 
Walking and Seneca Lake Club Race's, 
u llliamsburg \ ,.. hi I hih Kegaita 
Winter Yachting in Norn, Carolina 

del Yacht 

Yacht Foam— Burning of... 
Yachting in England 

r . 



10 




NEW YORK, THURSDAY, AUGUST 13,1874. 



i -'. 



A DOG'S DAY. 



BY ASSA C. STABBUCK. 

I>VB)sru»kBdtttro igh ' tUei itj l * 
Without my leather uiiiz/.ie; 
I've lapped up water as I run. 

From trough and' hydrant nozzle; 
Mj legs are tired, my bark is weak. 

And yet I meant to do ir. 
In spite of city ordinance 
That said my hide should rue. It. 

, pea at hoeis ol passers by 
And caught their look of loathing; 
Xwasfnn to see their horror, when 

I „nly tore their. clothing, 
One child was look;:.. 

1 -i pppetl, and in he darted; 
You should have seen the thnfrl f.n' bUttil 
Tnatlitllc villain started! 

The men came rushing I'rom the. house 

Willi rnslygnna and sabres. 
TUe women bore the little child 

In. blankets to We neighbors, 
They chased me lOn» with diro intent, 

But all theii in isU 
Went off within me pan, an'! left 
mine ashes. 



No'l 

Al ltu 



a all. 



idled a 



1 1 



et a 



And whiskers al! unshaven 
Betokened care and poverty) 

And yet he stooped in pity, 
And stroked the Hair where chins; the mud 
And jeers or all the idly. 

He shaved with me his crust of bread, 
lie. shared with me his 5OW0W , 
., ime has tie Beneath tii i 

on , ■. not ^"iv: 
He ma\ Hot rosl Us aclrtne head 

■-. \" ■ . "i -. 1 Li this dusty city; 
Suspicion, eyes his threadbare coat 
■..,.: ii,- the door of pity. 

1 can but wag my eratitude, 

And whine my fond affection: 
[Kft no shadow from his hx cl 

Xor share uis seaiv dejection; 
But yet 1 mean to steal away 

And follow, on the morrow ; 
I'll guard his steps from lurking ill, 

Nor seem I., see his sorrow, 
Bo&uster, X. Y 



Jpi* gomnnche ^ndidns. 

[The facts in this communication are due to Horace P. 
Jones, the military interpreter at Fort Sill, Indian Terri- 
tory who hjis liyed with and neaT the Oomanches Cor the 
, ; Ut: et- Year::,. itiare is no living man who has a more 
thorough knowledge of their language, habits, traditions, 
and, customs, He is a man of intelligence, character, and 
integrity, and the facts stated can be llMrarjghly relied 
upon]. " 

THE word Comanche for many years conveyed to the 
mind scenes of terror and bloodshed. Even at the 
present day a Comanche raid in Texas is much to be 
dreaded. Nomads by nature, the efforts to confine them 
to a reservation have only been partially successful, and 
some of the chiefs, with their followers, are frequently in 
open defiance of the Government. 

Well known as the word is., but, little actually is known 
of them by the public, and Strange and exaggerated notions 
exist in regard to them and their numbers. For instance, 
it. is generally supposed an Indian is always a slolid, dig- 
nified creature, never coming' down to the level of fun and 
frolic. Let me disappoint sufh high expectations By stat- 
ing at once that a Comanche is nearly as vivacious as a 
Frenchman, aud as full of fun as an Irishman. They al- 
ways see the ludicrous side of a subject, and are mostly on 
the broad grin when talking to you. They tease their 
scp.iaws, get jokes off on each other, aud, on the whole, 
are very generous and free llearted to one another. This 



view will hardly suit the high-flown notion of a Comanche, 
but truth compels it to be written. Ill all talks and coun- 
cils he is, nevertheless, very dignified and formal. 

Lippincott's Encyclopedia says "A Comanche differs 
from other Indians in his intense dislike of spirituous 
liquors." Perhaps he did long ages ago. Jones says "the au- 
thor must, have seen them before my day." All 1 know is, 
that almost all Comanches will get as "drunk as a lord" if 
they can get the whiskey. 

Before, however, explaining any of the traits' or habits 
of the individual, let us say something of them in general. 
In the first place, the name "Comanche" is a word un- 
known to their language— to them it possesses no original 
meaning, and is only accepted and used by them after 
many years of application by the whites. Their tradition 
of the. word is, that it was first applied to them as "Co- 
manch" by the Mexicans. What the origin of it may have 
been I do not know. The name by which they call them- 
selves is "j\c«/«," meaning people, or, as used by them, 
more properly speaking, it means "our people." or the 
"true people," though in saying our people they would say 
"te-witche neurn," the "te-witche" standing for "our," and 
meaning "our people certain." Perhaps some of your read- 
ers can give information in regard to the word Comanch. 

The Comanches of to-day have more or less Mexican 
blood in their veins, aud quite a number of pure Mexicans, 
captured when children, are counted as Comanches, though 
these latter occupy an inferior position among them, act- 
ing usually as servants; yet it is not impossible for them 
to arise to the dignity of a warrior, or even that of chief. 
The whole number of Comanches is a little oyer three 
thousand — not fifteen or twenty thousand, as is generally 
supposed — aud are divided into seven bands, as follows. 
I give also the name of the head chief, or the oldest: — 
Sand- Chbf. 

Xoconees, or Wanderers Ter-her-hfl.- quip, or Horse-Back. 

Yampe-ri-coos, or Root Eaters Boo-e-wa-'oo-yah.or Iron Mountain. 

Co™ h-cho-ti-rhkas, ,,r Culialo Eat- 

eis Muhway, or Hand-shaking. 

Pcna tcthkas. or Honey Eaters I'l'osa-weeth, or White -handled 

, Knife. 
tjuu-ba-das, or Workers in antelope 

skins raracoom, or He Bear. 

Titchah-Kenns, or .Sewers |T«ber-nau-i-ka.or His name is Sun. 

Tenem-er-ands. or Li yer Eaters. ... Fe-ha-tethka. or "Something big 
lliedtoeat," 

Another band, now in fact extinct, were called "Poll o- 
neums." Here you observe the word "neum." 

The names of two of the above bands have become 
changed by usage. Properly, the "Yampericoos" are 
''Yampe-tethkas," or eaters of "yampe" root, and the " Qua- 
hadas" should be "Quahada-litchahkos," the "titchah" 
beiug sewers, and the whole word meaning "sewers, or 
workers in antelope skins." You will notice the same 
"titchah," as used in "Tichahkenas," or "sewers." 

The others chiefs whom I suppose I had better mention, 
for fear they may feel slighted, are as follows: — Titchah- 
kenas, Quirty-Quip, or Chewing Elk; Yampericoos, Cheev- 
era, Ilowcah, Liltle Crow, Pena-tethkas, Essa-habet, or 
Milky Way, and Assa-toy-et. This comprises all of the 
head chiefs. 

The name Assa-toy-et is incapable of English translation 
in a few words. The best idea I can give you of it is that 
an Indian would call a s/wddi/ blanket Assa-toy-et. It means 
poor, shabby, and was given him as expressive of his poor 
and pitiable condition on his return from a long and un- 
successful raid. The name is correct in its application no 
longer, though he still retains it, for he is a well dressed, 
well fed old buck, and fortunately one of the most peace- 
ably disposed. He is looked upon as the most reliable of 
all the chiefs. 

The sign of the Comanche is the snake, the hand being 
made tr. imitate the snake's motion. This is the same sign 
as that of the Shoshones, or Snake Indians, whom the 
Comanches claim as their fathers. I do not know whether 
the Shoshones acknowledge them as lost children or not. 
The Shoshone language, however, is said to be similar in 
many respects. The Comanche language is spoken more 
or less by nil the tribes on the southern plains. It is in 
fad the Court language, all councils with Kiowas and Plain 
Indians being held in Comanche. It is harsh and guttural 



and, while the use of words may easily be. acquired, to 
converse fluently is an art but few have attained. 

Texas has been their home as far back as they can recol- 
lect, or have tradition. Some of the older living chief's 
speak of having seen Sugar; cane and monkeys, showing 
that in their younger days raids were made as far as lower 
Mexico, and west through Sonora to the Pacific Ocean, 
for they speak of having seen "where the sun goes down 
iu the big water." There is nothing improbable in this, 
for even now they make trips into Mexico, remaining away 
months at a time. 

As is well known, they are the Arabs of our Plains, more 
at home on horseback than on foot, and owning large herds 
of horses. Their principal wealth is ponies. "When chas- 
ing buffalo, or racing, they tide bareback, casting off all 
clothing except the breech clout; but at all other times they 
ride a saddle, with short stirrup, crowding the knees well 
up on the horse's withers. The saddles used are mostly of 
American make, though the old home made one is used by 
squaws frequently, and also for packing. It is similar to 
a Grimsley pack saddle— straight, flat sides, high pommel and 
cantel, and looks most terribly uncomfortable. It is made 
of wood, and covered with thinly dressed raw hide. 

The natural dress of a Comanche consists of moccasius, 
leggings, and buffalo robe. The robe or blanket is tied 
around the waist and held up over the shoulders by the 
arms, or allowed to fall over the hips or legs at will. The 
moccasins are made of buckskin, with buffalo skin sole. 
The leggings are made of buckskin, old blanket flannel, or 
stroudirg, fitting tight to the leg, and fastened at the upper 
thigh with strings. A wide flap runs down the outside of 
the legging about an inch wide at the top, frequently a foot 
wide at the bottom, and fringed along the edge. This is 
not simply for ornament, but has a peculiar value as a pro- 
tection from rattlesnakes, a very large species of which 
are plentiful in the Comanche country. In walking or rid- 
ing through high grass a snake in strikiug at the leg — the 
part most exposed — is almost certain to strike this flap. 
No head dress is worn, but. a lock of hair, braided or bouud 
with red flannel or fur, and adorned with beads and feath- 
ers, is called the scalp lock; in addition the breech clout is 
always worn. These few articles compose the bucks' or- 
dinary outfit, though in these degenerate days most of them 
wear cotton shirts, some waistcoats, and some even have a 
• dress coat, and are capped with a felt hat most gorgeously 
decorated with feathers, ribbons, and military insignia. 
The dress of squaws is similar to that of the bucks, the 
legging and moccasin, however, is made iu one piece, like 
a long stocking, ornamented on the. side with silver and 
beads, aud is made without the snake flap. In addition 
Uiey wear a sacque shirt, made of dark calico, and iu place 
of the robe worn by the bucks, many of them wear hand- 
some bright colored shawls, tied in the same manner. No 
portion of the body is left exposed, for, be it remembered, 
that the Comanche maiden is very coy and modest; but 
more of this when I come to their moral condition. The 
faces of all bucks, squaws, and papooses are painted; the 
squaws and children usually one color, red, sometimes yel- 
low; but the buckets painted red, green, or yellow, some- 
times all these colors, and frequently is additionally deco- 
rated with blue or black stripes across his forehead, cheeks, 
and chin, or in curves from the corners of the eyes, mouth, 
or nostrils; indeed, the painting of a buck's face is like a 
kaleidoscope, forever changing. The colors were origin- 
ally obtained from berries, vegetable juices, and various 
colored earths, but are now usually purchased of the trad- 
ers. Chinese Vermillion, bluestoue, copperas, indigo, and 
ochre are bought by them iu large quantities for that pur- 
pose. 

The buck at all times has his ears ornamented with brass 
rings, bits of brass chain, or large beads. Those who can 
afford it wear a chaplet or brass plate, made of long slen- 
der white pipe, called hair pipe, strung like beads lour or 
five in a row, and of twenty or twenty five rows, forming 
quite an attractive ornament. This pipe is supposed to be 
I made of clam shells, At all events, the making of it is a 



FOREST AND STREAM. 



secret. It commands a high price, is greatly in favor, and 
must afford the invenlor n good income 

Tin' war rig is somewhat different. The horse is painted 
most fantastically, and ihe rider wears in addition 10 his 
ordinary dress, ;i war bonnet made like a hood, ornamented 
in front with a pair of small buffalo horns, placed as the 
devil is supposed to wear his. Along flap Or tail to the 
hood falls down the back, and is ornamented with row 
upon row of eagle feathers. Now armed with bow and 
arrows, shield and lance, our buck is ready for Texas, or 
wherever his fancy prompts. The lance is but little used 
in war: still it lias ils place. The credit of killing an ene- 
my does not belong to the one who shot him, bathe who 
first tlirnsts his hni'ce into him takes the scalp and all the 
glory. Theoretically, be ia the brave win. -pears his cm- 
m\ ; practically, the* lance is never used except on ihe dead 
of wounded wad are unfortunate en, .ugh to Tall into their 
hand?, The weapons named compose bis natural war out- 
fit, but. wtfortitwuety he is now possessed of more formi- 
dable weapons. 1 have vet to see the first Comanche buck 
thai does not carry a Colt or other six shooter, and, bv the 

way, not all "<V Me oiden kind, ijraa movntsdr bui ■ te of 

the 1 51 improved breech loaders. In addition to this, 

Spencer and Winchester carbines are common among them, 
over ball' of the bucks bi-iuc in possession Of one or the 
other, and tlie remainder own Hi,- old Ion- I. .1 nearer rifle, 
which, as you well know, at several hundred yards is a 
very good weapon, flow these Indians have become pos- 
sessed of these arms I leave for our Indian Department to 
explain, but 1 can tell you that the weapons of those 
" killed by Indians" m Texas accounts [or far too many of 
them. 

I have already lengthened this article beyond reason, and 
yet Have not explained all 1 desired. My next must have 
a few more genera! remarks on material of bows, arrows, 
and soon, and then we will come to traditions, rites, super- 
stitions, etc., which I hopa you will find more interesting 
than a general summarizing, as this initial letter must lie 
from necessity. Yours, &c. "B." 

Fort Mil, Indian, Territory, July, 1874. 

■»■«■ — 

Jvr Ji'oreet and Stream. 
CAMP LIFE WITHIN FIFTY MILES OF 

NEW YORK-THE WILDS OF NEW 

JERSEY. 



"QUPPOSE that we lake a Tew days in the woods, 1 ' 

O said a friend of mine to me recently. 1 had been 
at his. house helping alomr the- glorious Fourth, ami we sal 
with burned lingers looking at the lake and thinking of the 
powder we had used up to eeiebrate the day. 

'•We can'i find any woods worthy of the name in New 
Jersey, can we?" 

"There speaks city ignorance, Have you never been in 
the Ramapo Mountains?" 

As my friend had explored every corner of his native 
State, and as I had confidence in bis judgment of what 
woods should be, having slept many a night beside him, 
under the great pine irees of Canada, with' our camp lire 
lighting up the swarthy faces of our Indian guides, 1 agreed 
to his proposition, Out came the camping traps, and as 
be said "trood night" at my door, lie admonished me 10 be 
up at hali-pasl ibree, A. M., sharp, 

With sleepy, heavy eyes, 1 stumbled out of bed next 
morning, and did not awake till 1 found myself on the 
wagon "seat tilling up the valley at a rattling pace. The 
morning misi rose slowly, and before the sun obtained the 
mastery we were almost soaked through, bui we were well 
repaid for the wetting. A- thegreal tog banks rose oyer 
the hills and the morning sun threw its stout raysacross 
the vallev. the scene was one of peaceful beauty. The 
magnificent rolling hills, green with the young crops and 
tupped here and there wiih a great COtton-like bunch of 
raiSt; the little trim farmers' houses standing close alon- 
ihe ro:i,l -ide, made a fitting foreground for the picture. 
Wc pi--,d ihe inevitable head, rfll .iters ofOencrnl Wash- 
illgLon. You could not be landed anywhere in Xew Jer- 
sey, from say a balloon, without being within stone'sibrow 

ol'one i-t the headquarters >>f thai much quartered Father 
Of il„ Republic. We drove along past Qen. Price's house, 
and the road, dropping a lini, . nun- 10 the left and again 
climbs up the hill. Jus1 v, here it is lowest, during the re 
volulionary Uavs, a courier was galloping ahm- hard mid 
fast when four Tory bullets . Mi nek him, filed out ot the 
bj'UBh on the road side. lie kept to his horse, thouuh 
bleeding from cvciy wound, and riding into a garden, fell 
from hiB horse into the arm- of Mr. Garrison, dead, but 
with Ihe papers entrusted to him safe. The siorv is poinl- 
i,-- enough, but it has the true ring. A brave man's deed 
[8 as brave though done nub a hundred years ago as if ii 
was ..I" vi sierdav. We slopped at ihe Louse of Mr. Garri- 
son, the grandchild of the one mentioned before. 

"Gould we get a wagon to take our trap; up the moun- 
tain'?" Ii was possible, but apt easy, At last it came, 
however, with Us two horses, rough and scraggy, bui 
nevertheless able to thread their way along— what shall 
I call it? scarcely a road, rather a space clear ol tret -, but 
full of stones. But befoie 1 leave Mr. Garrison 1 must say 
thai he is a doctor. No M I), disfigures his name; his 
reputation is home made., and main a man and woman 
along the Ramapo road can hear the best of testimony as 

t,, his skill as a dentist, lie showed us ihe old fashioned 
turnkey with which he operated, mixed up with specimens, 
petrifactions, old Indian .-pear beds, beautifully made 
.ion. lint, ami massive stone axes, which, in the days long 
ago, had felled iminv a Hit for the old Mihnisinck lu- 

dians, A clear headed, clever old geutleman was Mr. Gar- 
rison, with a fund of original thought, aj)d bright ideas 
cropping up at unexpected moments, and when 1 say that, 
besides Ms collection of euriositiee, he owned some won- 
derful apple jack, the reader will long lo rind out his exact 
whereabouts. 

Up the mountain we went with our scant baggage, play- 
ing, a cheerful tattoo on the wagon bottom hi each jolt. 

How far up we wect r shall never know, but l made a 

rough calculation that lor every mile of road traversed the 
1 distance was about double, for when we were not on 
top of a large rock we were struggling out. of the space, 
bel ween two boulders. At last we cried enough, our things 
were dumped out, and we were left on the banks of a little 
bubbling stream. A lire and fried salt pork mutually 
helped in that momentous undertaking, dinner, and then 
ihe lend work began— lugging our things up the mountain, 
tor the road followed the valley, till a good place was 
found lor a camp. After much walking we came to rest, 
and in H few minutes the white sides of our little tent rose 



amid the Irees, and wc were at home in the woods. The 
evening shadows were beginning to make the firelight ac- 
ceptable when we sat down to a quiet pipe, a small drink, 
and a long sleep on the sweet hemlock branches, which 
made a carpet and a bed. Sow we always can sleep in the 
woods! The air, the bard work, the perfect feeling of 
freedom, nil seem 10 help. Nexi day we went, rod's in 
hand, in search of a trout brook, disdaining the one in the 
valley. Weeiiher walked too far, Or not far enough, for 
no 1 rout stream did we find, though we went over mountains 
as though alinfbrng them. -was easy work, That night we 
were treated to a thunder shower 'just at dark. Though I 
have often heard thunder in the mountains, I have never 
listened to anything so grand before. The sky became as 
ink, ami the lightning Bashed Eor a good half hour before 
our turn crime, and then ihe storm hurried up the valley, 
sweeping over us. First came Ihe wind, and then a few 
dashes of rain, beating in our lent, which every moment 
swayed and trembled with the rushing air. A flash, sud- 
den and quick, lit up the tree trunks, and for a half second 
the lire seemed ..ill. ll e:in.ewith II rushing hiea as the 
liiriilning struck near bv. A lew seconds and the thunder 
followed, crash alier crash echoiiur up the valley; thrown 
from hill to lull, now from one point, now from another, 
the ground appeared to tremble, and Ihe canvas of the l.cil 
served a slight protection indeed. A few minutes of the 
swashing rain, and another Hash, with its grand roar of 
thunder, and the storm had swept over us, tearing up Ihe 
valley in its mad rush of rain, wind, and lightning. The 
following day was calm and beautiful, and my friend, accept- 
ing the good" things near home, fished ihe shining trout out 
of" the brook till darkness put a Slop 10 further ily easting. 
Again that night Nature treated us to a storm, but it was 
greaterin the anticipation than in the reality, and we snored 
in unison till sunrise and mosquitoes forced us up. Down 
came the tent, everything is hurried into its appropriate 

place, except the frying pan, an arliclc which will never 
til into any bag or box known to the writer, and we carl 
our possessions lo where the wagon is wailing for us, and 

On 1 lie way we do not forget Mr. Garrison, and again 

that apple jack make.- el:id ihe heaii of man. \\ , have a 
drive 01 iwenlv miles before us. and wbiie we arc enjoy- 
ing it we agree that if people would only try u few days of 
sue h life they would tind thai existence off a hotel piazza 
was possible, and even agreeable. Wo go in search of 
health hi crowds to the fashionable Watering places, we 
breathe Vile air and eal vile food, and pay heavily for the 
privilege, forgetting the while that Nature' has made a tem- 
ple far grander than any built by the hands of man, and 
that, to it we may go and live a life free as air. and as 
happy as ihe day islong. B. 



Fiji Fin-*- ni.it -S'/o/-/'. 

LOOSE LEAVES FROM A SU H VliYO l-i'S 
JOURNAL. 



A NIGHT Willi WOLVES. 



1 had 



IT was in the early part of our wood cspc 
Iniil never killed a wolf. («ui*s lujru*), ana 1 was ex- 
ceedingly anxious to secure as n trophy a pell of one of the 
varmints Theyseerued quite numerous in the neighbor 
hood of our camp, some eighteen or twenty miles north of 
Stevens Point, on the Wisconsin, ai that time a much 

smaller place than now, for this was early in Ihe fillies. 
We knew ihere were plenty of the critters around hv their 
bowlings on the bill? at nighl ;ind ihe niullitudiiioiis iracks 
ev.-iv I re-h snow around our shanty, but wiih only now 
and then a short -iiuipse of one as he scud away in the 
forest we bad seen none. Some old 1 rapper had "told me 

that by placing a Binall piece r,; assafoaiida on the ball of 
my loot between the outer stocking .mo ihe moccasin, the 

wolves on cro-si my track would be attracted bj the 

scent and would susely follow up my nail to camp. Why 
this should be .-o eiiicacimis I know not, unless ihe theory 
be line thai the scent given oui closclv resembles ihaiof 
a female lupus when in heat, and thus attracts the others; 
1 do know thai one ol ihe best things lo put on the bait or 
trail for either a lox or wolf is a touch of ihe oil of this 
gum 

Well. I wanted lo kill a wolf, and I tried the experiment, 
pui ;i good sized pill in each Of mv moeea.-iiis. ;n„l for two 
weeks 1 trod the woods with my rifle in hand looking up 
land Ac., but no animal took sufficient interest in un labors 
to follow me home. Ii may have been because the w. athei 
continued very cold, the snow was Iry and crisp, and I 

mint happened to cross my track when fresh. I became 

lYoii.Yainn without nivalin until tinaily" 1 b.-canie thoroughly 
' ihing was a humbug, but 1 ucg- 
om my moccasin, in fad 1 had 

1: must have been three! weeks or 
sion to go dOWn to the I'oint for 
our mail and a supply Of provisions, that early ill lb.' even- 
in. ol ., bright moonlight night with an empty bag thrown 
Over mv shoulders I started on our bla/.-d line for the set- 
ileuicni. 1 had proceeded on a moderate jojr nearly half 
oi ii,,-. distance when my attention was attracted by a dis- 
tinct howl ibat seemed to come directly from my rear. 1 
had beard cries occasionally all the evening, but it being 
-ueh a common thing 1 had paid no attention to them, bin. 
somehow this lasl sound was ol a different tone. It seemed 
lo cut th& crisp evening air like a knile, and there was a 
mournful warning rim; to it, 1 stopped and n -t, i.ed a 
monieiii and it w as an.-wered on the hill to my right; again 
thai yelp went up and a reply from the left, ll struck me 
then thai perhaps there might he an interest in thai direc- 
tion toward your humble- servant and that a little more 
celerity m m'v movements mighl be advantageous, and I 
commenced measuring ofi the -round as well as I conven- 
iently COUld in the snow mid follow the blazes; Ihere was 
of course no path or load. 

Now our line to tne settlement ran across a lake of 
about three quarters of a mile or more in diameter and I 
thuUL'hi alter crossing that I would be able to tell if 1 was 
really ihe object of this infernal concert. I reached and 
had nearly crossed on ihe ice when 1 looked hack, and sure 
enough, There were two lank bodies moving with that long 

.1, Lopi (so peculiar to the WOlf family) on my track. 
They were soon joined by another, and as they threw up 
theJu noser, and lei out thai terrible sound, they were an- 
swered on either side, and another brute bounded from the 
side of the lake and joined in Ihe race. I began to feel 
decidedly uncomfortable. Miles from camp or a settle- 
ment, With uiilv a pocket Unite as a weapon of defence, and 



convinced that the \ 
Looted to lake Ihe gi 
forgotten it altogell 



the point of that broken off. I began to look for a tree, 
bui of course the ground being low in the neighborhood of 
the lake (if was surrounded by a tamarack swamp), the trees 
were all too small to alTord me a safe, roosting place. But 
[ tell you (he way I go1 over the ground through that 
swamp was marvellous to behold. When I gOI to hbhci 
ground the trees seemed all too lav^clo be senlei I up e:i-ilv. and 
that infernal howling growing louder and nearer. Matters 
were growing desperate. "A tree, a tree, my kingdom for s 
tree"iof the right kind). How eagerly in my rapid movements 
I scanned the many trunks bui found not what I wanted. 
(The next day on my return on the line I saw a number 
that would have answered the purpose well enough), The 
howls came nearer and nearer, until I could hear Ihe rush 
on the snow, the snarls and even ihe quick breaths of the 
devils when I sprang into- an opening where the charcoal 

n had been ai work the previous tall. One of the kilns 

had not been fired, and with Ihe accumulations of snow on 
its lop presented a heap some fifteen or twenty reel in 
lligbt, Up this I shinned with whal little life there was in 
me, and jusl in time, as the pack burst oui from the woods 
alniy very heels. They paused at the fool of the mound. 
And What a diabolical looking sci they were, Bitting on 
their haunches with lolling tongues and panting side-,' then.' 
terrible eyes glistening in the moonlight fastened ,,n inl- 
and with what a relish the scoundrels' licked their chops, 
exposing their white tusks in anticipation of the feast before 
them. But they were cowards and no mistake-, as long as I 
faced them they were afraid to attack. I never before so 
realized the effect of the human eye on a beast. Had there 
been more of them 1 am sure 1 hud not been here now to 
tell this tale. There were less than a do/.en, and not enough 
lo thoroughly surround my fort. Now and then two Or 
three would make a spring up the side when my eyes were 
turned, but as I would wheel around, shake my slick at 
them and yell with all my might, ihev would slide down 
tumbling over each other to The bottom again. This iii.-Ji 
lobe repealed over and over again all that lornr Winter 
night. Now 1 believe 1 have a tolerable good ear for music 
and was at one time quite a devoted disciple of Terpsii bore, 
but the tones that night, though thrilling enough without 
doubt, seemed harsh and discordant, and the jig] danced 
then and there was loo imperative and prolonged to have 
a repetition desired under the circumstances. The moon 
rolled along in the heavens and passed dow u lo rest. The 
wintry air grew colder and colder, but my audience main- 
tained their ground; in fact they became if anything more 
enthusiastic and demonstrative, and as it grew darker to- 
wards morning, 1 feared that I should have to give up and 
roll Off thai mound, even if they did not succeed in pulling 
me down. How I (lid hate them. Oh lor my faithful old 
double barrel-, with what superlative joy I would have 
poured a broadside inlo those bloodthirsty demons. One 
especialy 1 remember well, he was much larger than Hie 
others (perhaps of a different breed), of a dirty yellowish 
color and a very devil incarnate in appearance; a ragged, 
gaunt, long legged fellow, the bab rough ami banging 

down ill lumps Ii bis sides through which the loiin ot 

the ribs could be -..-.n; his eyes were red and bloodshot, 
his righl ear was gone, probably been bitten off in sou,..: 
previous encounter, and he was lame in bis Off hind loot,' 
perhaps bad lost some Iocs in a trap. He was the hi-»e-l 
coward Ol th6 lOt, llfi just Sat OU bis haunches and licked 

his chops, protruding those gli-icning fanes as he snarled 

at the Otbel* when they came loo near him, probahly SCOid- 
lliein for not bringing me down to him al once. 'U hai a 
long night I hat was. Would morning never come- Hut 
it did come ai lasl, ami as the first streaks oi li«lu cicpi up 
in ihe Bast one ol lb. ■ beauties with bis lail between Ins 

legb.and a sidelong look, shink off into the n Is, Then 

another followed, then another. The old devil was the 

l.-.-l to leave, and as lie limped off he looked back a! me 
with IhOse glOwing red eyes, and -eeincd to say, in his bal 
lied rage, I'll lei you go Uiis time, bui we'll mcci again. 1 
thought to myself if we do. you old scoundrel, 1 hope to be 
belter prepared to entertain company, and a closer acquaint- 
ance. 1 wailed some tune after the hist one had disap- 
peared in i lie woods and it was quite light, and ilnu 
Stiff and sore, wi.li feeble steps 1 pursued my way lo the 
Point, where I airiv.it during the forenoon and told my 
story. "Wall," said an old hunter, "Un snow haini bin 
deep enul, anil we hainl had no crust yil, the.\ hamt bin 
abul to uil many deer; guess they wcr kinder hungry, 
though tftinl ol'n lhe\ lolly a man SO; did'llt mil heve 
nolhiii bonl ye ter draw I hem on? No fre.-h bloo.l bout 

\ .-i shoe pack-?" Whew! that confounded stinking assafov 
iida;and I told then, about it. Well bow they did laugh 
al me. That was it, they said nu.ionbie.ilx . Ye.-, I had 
1 1 nil the experiment and it was a auccefcs, emphatically, 

On my way back I diii'ni have any ot lie- odorous gum 
with me, no sir, And though 1 have tried the thing several 
times since, always carrying my gun with me when away 
from camp, 1 have never met. wiih bk. -uec. — in towing 
the varmints in, 1 have h to others lo judge from ihe 
above true statement of agenuinc .. \;.cn. nee whether it 
Was ihe assafcetida that night thai put me in such peril of 
my life. Jacohstu i 
■*♦*■ ■ 

SorSontl unit Mmim. 
THE BEAVER RIVER COUNTRY, N. Y. 

LAST Summer, from the Dili of July to the StJI.ll of 
August, 1 made, wiih my family, my headquarters at. 
Kenton A' llilbiian's. No. -1, Lewi.-: county, This anuler'.s 

home accommodates fifty people, n is pleasantly situated 

on a pla.cau surrounded at lii>t by valleys, and h. vond by, 

long ranges of mountains, which are seen stretching their 
outlines in the di-tanc.-, at from twelve to twenty miles to 

the lb, cast, and south Half a mile lo the north is 

Heaver Lake, which is a mile and a quarter long, abonl one 
third Of a mil. -wide and forty feel "c.-pin its deepest part ; 
and through which the Beaver Kive-r flows, Su&daj Creek, 
Slough Brook and Alder Creek, all good l.ioul streams, 
empty their pure waters into the lake or river near by. 
Eagle falls ttweiity feet perpendicular), two and a naif 

miles below the lakes and ihe intermediate falls and rapids, 

ureas picturesque anfl beautiful spots as the wilderness 
affords. Op the river to the Stillwater, twelve miles by the 
willdihgS of Ihe stream; there are nineteen distinct falls 
and rapids; some of the larger falls being from thirty to 
forty feet in height. 'Ibis part of the river can ue de- 
scended in a boat, with a skilful guide, by carrying around 
Ihe heavy falls and lower rapids about 4 mile. One and a 
half miles to Ibe south of Fentoirs by load and trail is 
Francis' Lake, a pleasant sheet of water one and a hull 
miles long, more noted for deer Ihan for trout The house 
is eighteen miles from the Ulica and Black River Railroad. 



FOREST AND STREAM. 



The road is good for ihirtceu miles, and the whole distance 
is usually travelled over by learns, with passengers and 
baggage, in five hours, 

I ::i i -i;i , consisting of myself, wife and three children, 

and two young men on their college vacation, reached its 
destination at 1 P. M., on the 9lh of July, lasl year, AtPa- 
getting onr dinner 1 walked half a mile west to Heaver 
Meadow Brook, where 1 caught thirteen small speckled 
trout with worm, as. there \VftB no room for the lly. The 
previous season, on the 10th of .Inly, with higher waler 
and a drizzling rain, I look at Hie same spot 135 troul, 
weighing nine and a quarter pounds. 

The day subsequently to our arrival. .Inly 10th, a party 
of us went lo Burnt Creek, three miles soath by trail 
Ihrotiirli the woods. The writer killed thirty small troul 
on small (lies, principally the Abbey and ibis ; Mis. Hill 
took with the worm, on a* nine ounce rod, thirty-five. 

Saturday, the 12th, my daughter of thirteen' and myself, 
with Chmincey Sylvester F.dwards as guide, fished Sunday 
Creek with bait ;'shc taldug sixty-two trout, and 1 eighty- 
eight, 

Monday, the 14th, went with guide up Alder Creek. 
About five miles up the stream we biiill a shanty and proceed- 
ed to fly fish. The day was dark and showery," and favorable 
for both trout and black flies,, rendering frequent applica- 
tions of oil of pennyroyal and sweet almonds quite indis- 
pensable. Smudires' were also necessary to keep o If the 
midgets. Forty speckled troul were killed during the 
afrenioon, weiiihinir seven and a quarter pouuds, largest 
thrce-fourlbs ot' a pound. 

After breakfast the ne.xl morning we fly-fished down 
stream, taking bv 1 he time we reached the bouse at night, 
eighty-eight trout, eight and a quarter pounds. Tn about 
this manner we employed most of our time. Occasionally 
we made a more extended I rip. 

Monday, the 21st, Mrs. II. and myself, with a leant, and 
1>i nf rod 'fvnowlton for a guilty, Started for Wardwell's, 
which is the next house east of r'enlou's, eleven miles by 
road, Up the Beaver River, on the Stillwater, and the last 
house in the wilderness in that direction for about fifty 
miles. We arrived at Ihe Stillwater at 2 P. M., and niter 
satisfying to the fullest extent the cravings of our appelates, 
we went after some sparkled beauties for supper. Our 
confidence was rewarded by the capture of twenty-two, 
four and a half pounds, ou the BV". 

Neit day, after a good night's rest at William Ward- 
well's, which, by the way, is in very comfortable shape for 
a place so far back in the forest, and is kept neat and tidv 
by Mrs. W. and her daughter. Rosa, wliich little lady can 
fish and row a boat as well as she can talk— we put our 
baggage and camp equippaga into our boat of seventy-five 
pounds, and rowed down Twilchell Creek one third of a 
mile, to its confluence with Beaver Blver. Tlieuce we 
pulled up stream sis miles, where wc pitched our lent. On 
the way we passed Tut tie Lake outlet, coming in on the 
rigtrt hank three quartets of a mile aboveTwitchc.il Creek j 
Wolf Creek, the outlet of Wolf Ponds, on the same side, 
three miles further up, and the Slough Spring Hole, on the 
opposite side, three and a quarter mile below our camping 
place. The resull of the day's fishing was nineteen troul, 
four and a half pounds, on the fly. 

Wednesday, the 23d., we rowed twenty-two miles up the 
river, taking seven trout. From our camp of last niaht to 
Dutch (rap (a noted trout resort in high water) the distance 
is one quarter of a mile ; to month of* Red House Chain of 
Lakes, lisiht bank, three and a half miles ; to Burnt Lake 
Carry, right hank, one half mile ; to mouth of South 
Branch, left bank, ten miles ; to Little Rapids, five miles ; 
carry around rapids, right bank, one third of a mile ; Still 
Reach lo foot of Albany Rapids, where we camped, two 
miles. 

Thursday, 24th, Ave took on small flies before breakfast, 
in the spring boles ou the two mile level, at the head of 
which our camp was located, twenty trout, three pounds. 
After breakfast we crossed the Albany Carry, left bank, 
three quarters of a mile lo Albany Lake"; thence rowed our 
boat three and a half miles to the soulh side of the main 
part of the lake, where we pitched our tent near a cold 
stream which would afford us pure water for drinking, and 
also good fishing. In the evening we took ten trout."' 

Friday, 25fh, we spent ou Smith's Lake, which is three 
miles long, very wide, deep and beautifully situated, and is 
a good place to go to fish. Returned in the evening to 
camp ou Albany Lake. The carry from Albany to Smith 
Lake is arouud "the right bank of the stream, aud is three 
quarters of a mile long. 

Saturday, the 26th, we returned to Stillwater, killing en 
roiiti,, on the fly, sixty speckled trout, weighing eleven and 
one half pounds, being the best day's fishing so far. The 
ue\t day we went by team to Ponton's. Distance from 
head ofSmilh's Lake to Ponton's, fifty miles. 

Some days after the completion of this I rip, two of us, 
with a gnUe, Boyd Sylvester Edwards, made an excursion 
to the Red House Chain, and visited in order as follows, 
viz. . Big Burnt Lake, Salmon Lake, Witchhopple Lake, 
Clear Lake, Clear Poud and Crooked Lake, the latter being 
the head of the Oswegalc.hie River ; killing just enough for 
our culinary wants. We remained on Clear Lake a good 
part of three days, attracted by the large speckled troul 
and pleasing natural surroundings. A trip was also made 
up the right bank of Beaver river, by land, from Kenton's 
to Wardwell's, and back on the ol her side, a distance of 
thirty miles, consuming five days, and affording us good 
sport with the fly. 

The next day, eleven trout, weighing four and three 
quarter pounds," were takeu, all on very large flies and in 
still water. The day after, in the rapids or rifts of Twitchell 
Creek, fifty six, six and a half pounds, were taken, all on 
small 'flies", and the last fishing day, Saturday, forty-one 
trout, eleven and five-eighths pounds, were killed in Die 
heavy rapids of Beaver river on mall flies. 

In conclusion, I have to say that upon the completion ol 
our sojourn in the wilderness we found ourselves so much 
improved physically that we feel much better able to again 
assume the duties and responsibilities of a more civilised 
life. Yours, respectfully, W. W. Hill. 

Albany, August, 1874. 

Fu) Iwlestumt SlrfiM. 

THE VERMONT WOODS. 

THERP is a portion of Vermont, Ihe northeastern cor- 
ner, which is comparatively a wilderness, several 
townships being entirely without population, and a number 
of the organized, cleared and populated chiefly in the gal- 
ley of the Connecticut River. In fact a greater portion of 
Essex county is forest. It is well watered by lakes aud 



pouds, some of which are miles in length] all contain fish. 
the largest, thA lake trout, (called there lunge,). the brook 
trout and shad falters, a sort pf white fish, the smaller 
ponds, trout or pickerel. In one of the lakflS, Hie Av.-i ill, " 
where the largest speckled trout arc caught, a new fish was 
. aiiL'ht Ibsl -uinnier. weighing from one> to three pounds, 

taken principally on a spoon while trolling I have talked 
with I lie panics'who . aught them and am satisfied ihat 
they are salmon— now become landlocked salmon — ami 
i an aecounl for their appearance, there only in one way. a 
party from Sherbrook, Canada, was 'here fishing for trout, 

live or six years ago, in the month of September, and look 
what they thcmghi wercymmg trout from the river St, 
Francis at Sherbrook for live bail, and finishing their fish- 
ing turned loose the youngsters, who have become of suit- 
able size to slock Ihe lake. An old friend who fishes there 
every year also inform.-, me ihat the large trout he ha- taken 
w'itlting a year are filled with those little- fish that quite re 
semble°a trout, but are not troul, and says the largest have 
three spots on the gill cov.-i- 

re of a large size, sometimes taken up- 

nds. 1 have caught them as large as 

d twenty pounds, but generally 



The lake trout 
aid of thirty poi 
veiily-four poui 
to seven 
In the woods ai 
•er, rabbits, pari 



fro 



ids. 



ad a few moose, an abundance of 
go and duck, occasionally u bear and 
mink, sable and black cats are quite 
plenty. Grey squirrels arc but rarely found, 
Living ten years it) that pan of the State, and having a 

eellenl Sport during that time, my chief companion being 
"Hod 1 Morse, an old hunter, trapper ami angler, one 
thoroughly acquainted with that, while country, who 
could travel fun her, pack more, cut more wood, camp bel- 
ter and warmer than any other roan Lknow qf, For ten 
winters I have been with him campjng out one to three 
nights, taking nothing but provision-, axe. Hie usual wear- 
ing apparel, and pi,lo!s— ho a 1 welvo inch pistol, muzzle 
loading, size balls, 130 to the pound, mini- a Colt's navy 
cartridge, Among the many splendid limes ! Have had 
with Hod, I have often thought Of a winter hunt we had 



for deer ten years 
waited until i 
start to gel ov 



•M" 



■o-d t 



now was deep and we had 
w -hoeing. Taking an early 

to East Haven, seven mile.,, 
upon Ihe "Lapwack," a 



gu" of deei 



On 



moimlai 

new found fri 

and started ii 

down the mot; 

sumpsic sever 

as soon as the 

the yard of .lodge |{, 



We stopped long 
ikfast from our knapsack a 
on" to the deer. Followed the bn 
track-, and very soon slarled up 
1 yards of us, both tiring at the Sai 
e,i with us, the other two boundi 
ill, tails .'reel. We immediately 

i ami packed him carefullv un 
pursuit of the rum.wav-. I 



d drank "death 



uila 



ntil i 



Folio 



;,g up 



sfi scare. We then gave up the 
ling to atari early in the nioru- 
vvith our wounded and tired 



of ihein ag; 

Hod got a crack, sink 

bounded off again with 

chase for the nigh I, dot 

ing aud make shot I v, 

deer. 

Now it so happened that that. 
sewing circle in full operation a 
are several houses, and the news was as fully give 
ihat district as is flews sent by the Associated Press over 
the country bv the midnight wires, judge our surprise in 
Ihe momma: when We were fairly up tin- mountain, to find 






:le 



the woods full of si 
diieetion taken by the deer, the I 
thai the makers of the Hacks men 
having tug tickets in Ihat show, V 
going down the mountain and low 
route we met a man who told us it 
the ground that whoever got the d< 
and hold litem, and said f 



trifles 



all p.( 



ng In Ihe 
udli 



uld 



k meat." 


Nor 


1 the par 


V by 


river. O 


i our 


story, and 


took 


in honor 


laini 



tin 



many all 
lo lake lit 
sou be'uiii 
wiifi hiss 
lie was 

' of Oil 

hel 

ll.ll 

the 



■ them he guessed tht 

: game, and take 



able 

of themselves besides, hi- 

the number. We Left him, disgusted 

tiineuts, bul unwilling to Ihrow up our hands. 

dly out of sight before we heard the voice of 

of our opponent's dogs in chase, making fm 

w. We struck out on a tWO fort) pace to ii 

and kill the deer, and were just in lime, i'oi 

leer slruck the ice the dog had him by tin 

I, was only 



:ept tin 



ii 

dog, secure aud kill 11 

I be deer and 

lour ot our con 



Wc had but 



. '1. 



irly dr< 

road 



oil th, 



Id bar 

lack of * 



fallen sei i 

l!v n. 
oul of our 
wounded d 

within a ha 
bead. At'li 



Ihat they bad 



chop- 



ciclv to i 

e trail 

irted lo 



which we immediately 
,ur I had the satisfaction of shooting in the 
•got the two together wc gave them two 

I 'from any good will We bore them, bul be- 
so anxious lo Ini, Mime to till the onlei- 
engaged at the sewing circle Mile evening 

afterwards wc lold them ol Ihe dog's c.ap- 

is doe for not maintaining and defending 
' ounre. D. 



to have killed his dog for noi inaintai 
the dog's right to the capture, 

♦•♦ 

For Foie^t nuil Stream. 
HINT'S FOR THE A D1RONDACKS. 

AS I have often been asked lately how lo get lo the 
Adirondacks, and what tp take, expense, ei,-., I 

will give also m ihe readers of Forest anh Stkkam some 

of my experience ill Hie la-l leu year- in Hie mouioains. 

First pack up an old Strong woollen suit, fell hat, a pair 
of strong boots, an extra pair of shoes, a couple of mi/li;/,' 
shirts, vour winter under clothing, some woollen stockinas, 
a woollen night cap 1 have found mosl welcome during the 
cool nights; as one'- bat will come olf while sleeping 
| Pack up also some silk thread, buttons, needles, pin-, can 
plaster, a bottle of ammonia, also a boltle ol' ii,,- lie-; 
branny, a coinpas.-, pencil, some writing paper, envelopes 
and postage stamps, and a tew other minor articles of 
like weighfand bulk. Take nothing that yon can do wit houl 
that is cumbersome, as the luggage is transported on ibe 
bucks of the guides from lake to lake over the "carries" 



and will save oftentimes a wonderful deal of extra labor, 
and not ,i little grumbling. 

Pwcih'c i\ good bn ech loading rifle, ll prefer a lin.-K 
finished Allen) some cartridges, ?aj 800. a gdod strong troti I 
rod with a book of Hies, bunting knife] have n leather 
sheath made; belter carry also wilii vou a couple of heavy 
woollen blanket-, a- Hi.-\ are noi always easily obtained in 
the supplies at ihe wood-; al-o by all means carry a medium 

thick over eo. ii, ,,i,i ami strong, and with these packed up 

with an India rubber Phuket, anollioi indi-pen-ulile 
articlB, you may consider yourself tq'iipped for your camp 
lite. leave \eu York by Ihe evening boat for Albany; 
arriving there early next morning, take (lie Saratoga train 
through to Whitehall, on Lake < Icimplaiu. up the lake lo 
Poll h'eiit, arriving llierc abuul half past four. A -lion 
ride on U,e siage brings you o. K,-, Seville, where after a 
good supper, night's rest and loeakfa-l a! the Adirondack 
Hotel. DCJtl morning find- you ai half pa-t -i \ scale I on 
Hie Stage, bowling over tbe'ioad towards •'.Martins'." on the 
Lower Saranao Lake. A lew miles drive finds vou at the 
An Sable Forks, where after changing stages, awaiting the 

ai rival of the train from I'lallsbnigii,' and h\ tin- way. one 

advantage of Ihis route is, thai the Efeeseville passengers 

have tin- choice Of seats upon the coach, and Ihat i- a great 
thing when you have a king ride l.efoiv y,„i. and wish (o 
ha\e a good view of the pa-sing scenery. 1 always secure 
the lop seals, ot the one lu-xlloihe driver, and upon a 
eleai C00l morning it i- perfectly delicious, this ride upon 

an old Fashioned mail coach, a- tbose an- of Harper's 

famous line, and then rolling off with a rumble and Hu- 
t-rack oft he whip, vou arc on your way. Over moimlain 
and hill, through dale and valley you ride breathing Ihe. 
pure air, enjoving Ihe mountain vista. Vou al la-l roll 
down the lii.l'lownrd the Saranao Lake, and are al ' Mar 
tin's," the pioneer hotel of the wilderness, that has grown 
from a small log cabin, p. the large-l and mo-l commodious 
hoiel in the woods, complete with every convenience, and 
with ■■■ table ol the best, where vou can leav* vour 

families if vou desire while vou arc in canq. in Ihe wilder- 
ness. JTou will be surprised to find so many ladies board 
ing here, us SO manv lemain. preferring to do so, to going 

offto camp, with their husbands. Hoard i- fbinteen dol- 
lars pi 1 'we. k. tWO fifty per day, and is very low with ah 
the accommodations furnished, large airy rooms, parlors 
wilh piano, etc . boat? ai Ihe wi-b of ||,, : guests. Martin 
Furnishes supplies tor the camp, every tiling necessary 
and complete. The guide- this season are all iuili-pen 
deal one-, and command three dollars per (Jay and found. 
They furnish a boat, hound, and carry a ri'lle. The ex- 
;.en.-e ol a guide, and Hie average oxp -n-e of cosl at living- 
while in camp, will amount to four doilars per dav. (three 
dollars for guide, and liflv cents a piece for -ell and 
guide), 66 a couple of Weeks will rost yout about fifty-six 
doikn-. whileincamp, then a tew dolJWS to pay i or the 

expeus the "Garries," and tin stoppage at a hotel on the 

route, -Mid vour fare from New Fork to Martin'- and back, 
say will cost you aboul twenty-five dollars, and then extras, 
etc., will come not far ,'ioin one hundred dollars, bin ihat 
should cover completely cv.-rv ue, e-ary and comfort. If 
parties would lather have a private COtlVeyiUICO than 
the public stage, a letter addn --i .1 to \1 1 ILop-r. stage 

proprietur, will engageyon a comfortable teain. 

And now leaving you at Martin'-, where alter changing 

your city suit, leave youi money and jewelry with him. 
reserving some few dollars for odds and end-. Your 
guidi selected, yourbesl way tltongh is to write to Martin 

and have him '-.-cure you. a few day- in advance, a good 
guide. Vou step into \ our boai. Hie sloie- and :. 
put in: and yourself and friend- aie off for the wilderness. 
Biooklyn, Aug. -2, intl < ,; \- 0. M mikiiam. 



;< ' CHAMOIS HUNTING. 

New-York, July, IBM. 

iniTiiiK is mil a pli- i-iir.- ilia; the JUHjority Of 'muter- irill 
i lake; ii N not. alone fuligiuiig Oi the utmost, bul very dan- 
Ona falsu step *BU9l tltmbing-BU aodttown o.- ateopi ■-■. 
apices, qf ten in the dark of uif;lu. mayhnil the •iclveiitui- 
an to a bottomless -.:■:--- I roundi.il 

nidas theyH.B extremely shy the hauler cut) r»t!l proud if 
allkiug. 



Hilrifts. 



'na- 



me only a 
lifiil; the 



heads. 

.lay liv 



! 1) o'clock A ,\1. 



a projecting tocK half 

ID |.-ii..-. had in liulfa 

mid where 

r.an Hi. mi the presence 

i-.H'lieil. after fix hours 
Already at midjiighl 
to tin: summit of the 
..imliout lla: yum-, a.id 
nld elia-e them down- 
in General had waited 

i a little platform, aud 

9. I'li.-y all liiul tlivir 
be best opportunity to 
o.t farthest from him. 
and the GTenaral rould 
■cks: llisl s.muhUuI from 
in succession. As the 
iliili iou. the herd had 



iru.-l 



„ral 



&Ia>, and a 

I come oul 

ingle buck 

Then at S! 

could din- 

:h other thai 

■ -ui-l be 

uurse of 

rk To 

de-cribeili,-. astonishment of those- m..nuniiii.a-i> when seeing the great 
slaughter, is impossible. Kor a lorn; lime to cunc the cliv.'i I'ms-iau 
will bt put up a- tin example for ",ood spor[i,iuanstiip lo all nigh person- 
ac.1-. who in i— On a- '.Mini- ..r i'iui-e ii ,.n by iiniii.iird.il motions 

Old Smbdt. 



-mal i 






m 



FOREST AM) STREAM. 



Sb1\ §tt1tw!e. 



This Jonrnal is the Official Organ of the Fish ( nihil- 
ists' Association. 



FLASHES FROM THE "BLUELIGHT" 



FOUBTH WEEK. 



TWO weeks must be covered in this letter to bring my 
letters up to date; they have been busy ones; late 
hours in the laboratory have been necessary 1 6 enable the 
naturalists to classify and preeeiTe the immense qunntity 
Of material that the Bluelight's dredging and trawling has, 
in eleven trips, brought in. Nearly ("-cry day has been 
utilized, for the weather has been fine and our time is grow- 
ing short. Our investigations have covered considerable 
ground; extending our field of research by degrees, from 
six hour trips, we now count them of from twelve to thirty- 
six hours' duration. To the westward as far as Saybrook, 
and in the brackish mouth of the Connecticut, to the east- 
ward some way beyond Watch Hill, and to the southward, 
we have worked 'in Gardiner's Bay. Pecdnic Bay, and 
Block Island Koads, and along the northern coast of Long 
Island, and the deep waters of the Race, have been well 
overhauled. As in previous weeks, many additions have 
been made to the known fauna of southern Hew England. 

Our champion haul took place on the Slat lilt, about 
three miles to flic southward of Watch Hill, w here, in 
eighteen fathoms, we struck cold water, and our trawl 
came up so heavily loaded that it cost us all of our inge- 
nuity to bring it safely on board. Over twelve hundred 
pounds of creatures were torn from their retreats— hardly 
a peck of dirt, but our deck was covered with skates, 
flounders, sponges, shell fish, and countless minor varieties: 
skates predominated. Among the flounders were one or 
two of a rare variety. 

Two bushels of the "Peeten" (scallopl were included in 
the haul, and were eagerly bucketed. To say nothing of 
their value, in a scientific point of view, their very pretty 
shells were in demand for collection, and their contents for 
the table, as when nicely prepared we found them decided- 
ly good, the meat white" and firm, and with a slight gout 
of parsnips. We rated tiicm as ahead of clams, i hough 
not up to oysters. 

An interesting discovery was made in connection with 
the Pectenz. This is a little fish, the lump sucker (Liparis 
Linneutu.H), which is rare, and all that have ever been 
found have been from north of Cape Cod, their limit ex- 
tending, I believe, even to the Arctic waters. Last year in 
Casco Bay, Professor Putnam found one or two attached 
by their suckers to the roots of the laminaria. We found 
numbers of this little fish, living at their ease, within the 
shell of the Peeten, and swimming about in Ore liquor of 
the shell fish. They were each about three fourths of an 
inch in length, with large heads and tapering tails, some- 
what like an ordinary river bullhead. Un the belly of each 
there is a round disk, which constitutes an apparatus by 
which he clings to roots, etc., when free, swimming. We 
found, also, in the Peeten shells, little crabs {Pinoffteree), 
very like those found in the oyster, and in some of them 
the whole family of three creatures were living in appa- 
rent peace together. 

The warm water oi Peconic Bay furnished plenty of ma- 
terial, but nothing, I believe, thai could not be expected 
to be found in that locality. With the temperature of the 
water reaching 71° and 72 , no northern fauna nor algae 
were to be expected, and none were found, although I 
believe that one or two species of the latter were added to 
the known list of the productions of the New England 
coast. Off the Connecticut River we brought up but little 
animal life — a few very young skates and a shell fish or 
two. But I think it very likely that our trawl did not 
reach the bottom, and instead slid along, supported more 
or less by the immense laminaria, of which it brought up 
some magnificent specimens. Professor Eaton collected 



its and fruits, to transmit to 
a distinguished naturalist there. 
ally assigned the fish investiga- 

1'rofcssor Goods, not many very 
B been received. A fine specimen 
AjtlanOca) was brought in by a 



some very fine ones, 
Europe, in exchange 
In the department s 

tious, under the chare 

important acquisition: 

of the conger eel [Oo 

smack from Block Island, and a very rare hake of the 

Cropthayriii species was captured in our trawl at Gardner's 

Bay. Of this latter fish, but three or four have ever been 

captured. 

The experiment of artificially impregnating the eggs of 
the sea bass has been twice repeated, the last time witli 
some show of success, as on the second day after a number 
were found under the microscope to be thoroughly seg- 
mented, but unfortunately a larger proportion had died, 
and it is probable that their death and decay will destroy 
the healthy ones, as they are so fine that it is impossible to 
separate them. 

Blue fish are still scarce. About a hundred were taken 
in one of the pounds hist week, but those who went troll- 
ing for them the next day, on the strength of the news, 
came home disappointed. I am assured, though, that 
"they will be here yet." I hope so. The fact is, that there 
is no good fishing iu this immediate vicinity. A tew sea 
bass, black fish, and flounders, can be caught on the reefs, 
and mackerel when they will bite, but the chances of a pay- 
ing result are not great enough to compensate fot tin- day's 
work. Lobsters are plentiful, and larger than those we 
eot last year in .Maine, but still liner ones are occasionally 
brought" in from Halifax. The magnificent climate, 
though, with which Noank is blessed— never hot, nor cold, 
nor chilly — more than compensates us for the loss of our 
sport, aud our invalids, for we have them, are rapidly 
yielding to Us influence, and are getting readj lo 
with the doctors. 

The sloop Arabella left here on Monday for Gardner's 
Bay, and on Wednesday she returned with an odoriferous 
load of "bony fish" (menhaden). She had about 20(1,000, 
seined in Gardner's Bay. She went over to Mason's is] 
and, where there is an oil factory, owned by a Mr. Chap- 
man, and shortly after 1 paid them a visit, and found the 
fish being rapidly transformed into oil aud manure. From 
the wharf at which the vessel lies, an inclined railway, on 
which travels a box on wheels, reaches to the upper story 
of the mill. The box full tallies 4,000, and a pair of oxen 
furnish the steam to drag them up, where they are first 
emptied into great troughs and boiled tor about fifteen 
minutes, then, with pitchforks, transferred to 111 



which were not unlike very old fashioned cheese presses, 
the weight being hung on to the Jong arm of a lever. From 
the press a dal'li fluid, four fifths water at first, but richer 
in oil as the pressure continues, flows through troughs to 
receptacles in the open air, where, being separated from 
the water, the oil is left to bleach and purify through the 
action of sunlight and showers. The refuse "scrap" is 
sold for manure. The quantity of oil from the fish varies 
with the season. In the spring tbej- are lean and poor, and 
one to two gallons per thousand is obtained. Mow the fish 
weigh a pound or more each, and furnish about five gallons 
to the thousand; in the fall they will give perhaps fifteen. 
It seems almost like killing the golden egged goose to work 
them up in the spring, when the oil from a thousand fish 
together will bring but thirty-six to seventy-two cents, for 
the price per gallon is the former figure. The oil is in de- 
maud to mix with linseed oil, to which, although a fish oil. 
it assimilates. The mill lias the capacity to work up about 
fifty thousand fish per day. With a little new fashioned 
machinery, and the introduction of steam for power aud 
boiling the fish, four limes the work could be effected at 
less expense — which, however, would be hard on preser- 
vation of fish. 

On the 30th we ran over to Gardner's Bay. and made a 
number of hauls in it. We found there the United States 
ship Constellation, the practice ship of the midshipmen 
from the Naval Academy, aud after seeing the midshipmen 
"furl sails" in good style the first classmen were permitted 
by Captain Breese to come on board and take a little trip 
with us, aud see for themselves how dredging was per- 
formed. No great addition was made to our stock of 
valuables, but a good deal of interest was exhibited in the 
combative propensities of hermit crabs, and a "Noank 
Naiad" which came up iu the trawl furnished considerable 
amusement. 

Among our microscopic curiosities for this week we have 



added to the col- 
lection some speci- 
mens of the tad- 
pole, from which 
the human race has 
developed ! One of 
the professors 
tacks my name of I 
"tadpole, "and says 
that it is an a.tcid- ' 
ian, aud that the 
appearance of ver- 
tebra; in the tail is 
caused by cells, 
etc. ; but they at- 
tack so many rea- 
sonable and popu- 
lar views of things, 
and insist upon our 
calling by such ab- 
surd names things 
with which we have 
been on friendly 
terms all of our 
lives, that I don't 
always feel inclined 
to yield. I can ad- 
mit that a clam may 
be a ••».//" urina- 
ria," or that a little 



stagger through life 

in the character of 
a Ktrongi/loceittrolun 
drbbachieims; but I 
do think that the 
little fellow, with 
whose portrait I 
furnish you, looks 
more like a tadpole 
than he does like a 
eynihea earnea; but 
such is his scientific 
cognomen, and he 
is odd and mysteri- V 
ous enough in his \ 
habits to merit, per- 
haps, an extra nam- 
ins. These eamea, 
and all of the 
groups to which 
they belong, while 
in comparative in- 
The principal point of 



r 



■■\i 



fancy develop 
their ovaries a sim- 
ple egg. While 
still within the pa- 
rent, this egg pro- 
duces a tadpole- 
shaped larva?, like 
the one figured, 
which is scarcely 
visible to the naked 
eye. This crea- 
ture is born alive, 
and for a short 
time swims freely 
about by means of 
its tail, which is 
provided with a 
broad fin. After a 
time they attach 
themselves to some 
object, as a stone 
or shell, and de- 
velop into the 
peach-colored and 
peach-shaped ani- 
mal known as I he 
sea peach, which is 
found rooted to the 
bottom. Others be- 
come the sea pota- 
toes, sea apples. 
etc., all so named 
from their resem- 
blance to the fruit 
of the same names, 
and which were de- 
scribed in the ar- 
t i e 1 e ''Do w n 
Among the Mollus- 
ca," in one of the 
F o r e s t a jij D 
Stokam numbers 
of last fall. In 
this state, except to 
the natural isr., they 

show but slight, ap- 
pearance of being 
animals, and would 
beyond doubt be 
considered as of 
the vegetable king- 
dom by a casual 
observer, 
teres! about this uwidUni, to the 




naturalist, lies in the central axis or chord of the tail; tli 
in the larval form is composed of a series of cells, which 
resemble closely the aspect of the back bone in the em- 
bryo of all of the vertebrates, man included. A German 
naturalist, Kowalensky, first called attention to this sin- 
gular fact, and the subject was deemed worthy by Agassiz 
of an extensive and elaborate article, published, 1 believe, 
in the 'Atlantic Monthly" at about the date of the death 
of that givtl inn-alM Considerable excitement was 
produced by a comparison drawn by Kowalensky between 
the larva oi u, ,/ .. and the simplest known form of 

the vertebrate, the lancekt. The resemblance was so close 
and startling as to excite astonishment. Whether these 
resemblances will justify the conclusion of many Darwin- 
ians that the iixridwu is really an ancestral form of "the fishes, 
and of all the vertebrates," is a question that cannot be 
hastily decided, I have suggested that we turn our little 
ancestor over to Goode to "'hatch in one of his hatching 
boxes, with the idea that perhaps by bringing.the lights of 
science to assist Nature we may eventually run him up a 
hit higher in the scale and make a sure thing of it. 

Since I gave you a list of our party we have had addi- 
tions— Dr. Joseph Liidv, of Philadelphia; Dr. J. B. Hold- 
er, of the Central Park Museum; Mr. Colt, of Hartford, 
and Professor Putnam, of Salem; but we have lost one of 
our most congenial associates, Mr. G, Saltonstali, of Har- 
vard, who has started on an investigating lour among the 
■'-''■ '■■'<'■" j'-'iitiiudis in northern Maine. Professor S. I. Smith 
has arrived, and has taken our young fiddler crabs untier 
his charge; but in spite of his almost maternal solicitude 
they have all died. His microscope reveals that, small as 
they were — no bigger than a pin's point— they had become 
fairly covered with parasites* which had destroyed them. 
Smith proposes to introduce tolas next family a ■ ;■ itlt 
Crustacea of the shrimp family, which likes parasites, and 

"CrSTBtA Carnea.— a.«.,Orillces. *., Branchim, a. Chord. 'J., Fin. 



from its superior size— about an eighth of an inch long- 
will be able to protect the colony. 

One of our late arrivals found a new route to Noank, by 
which he contrived to enjoy the scenery of three States", 
and travel from seven A. M till five P."M., taking a car- 
riage for the last few miles, when by direct railroad com- 
munication he might have come via New London in two 
hours. He will furnish a chart if desired. Piseco. 

♦*• 

WASTtxg Seed Conx. — A correspondent who recently 
visited Lake Ontario calls our attention to the great waste 
of shad there. He writes-.— "Between Honey Island and 
the Jefferson county shore is a large pound net, and in ad- 
dition to large hauls of hike fish the owners raise every 
morning about two hundred of the young shad which have 
hatched from the eggs that Beth Green placed in the lake 
near Rochester two year- ago. The young fish are about 
six inches long, and r eannot discover any difference be- 
tween them and the North River shad. I saw the net 
raised three times, but each time the fishermen took no 
pains to return the young fish, but shovelled them into 
their boats to die." 

■«■ " » 

— About 80,000 young shad were received at Elkhart, 
Indiana, a few days ago, by express, through Frank M. 
Clark, of Clarkston, Michigan, by order of Professor Spen- 
cer F. Baird, of Washington, superintendent offish and 
fisheries. The fish were let loose in the St. .Toe River. 

♦•♦■ 

— Six inch shad, the same that were set at liberty a year 
ago, in the creek at Ashtabula, Ohio, arc now frequently 
hooked from the water by anglers. 

-*~»- 

FISH WAYS. 



"\ >"ew Yoek, August f,th, 1874. 

Editor Fobest and Stkeam:— 

m tia- itage nfpise.icultnre.lt seems tome that tbe fish-ladder qnestion 
lias become very important, now that so many streams have been stocked 
with anadromousfish. I think that every one who may have been in 
other countries or seen successful examples of fishways, shonld dissemi- 
nate the knowledge gained through the public press. I. therefore, would 
like to say that there is a salmon ladder on the Tete-a-gouche Itiver, 
near Battmrsl, New Brunswick, which is a complete success. This 
stream had been obstructed by a mill-dam about. 30 feet high, for twenty 
years or more, and salmon had almost ceased to frequent the seamy two 
or three miles of lower river left them; a few did continue to run up 
from tide water this short distance, to the fool of the dam. The flshwyy 
(now about four years old. costing about $-.20v, and constructed of heavy 
Beams and plank) sloping at about an angle of 45° into the pool below 
the dam, is about i) feet wide. 4 feet deep, and the descent of water i« 
broken, as usual, by barriers, thus: — 



On the apron of the dam, at the head of this fish ladder, is a reception 
house, ten feet square, six feet deep, high enough to admit a man, and 
with a sliding barrel gate at the entrance and another at the upper end. 
The water is let into the fisuway only at night, and on each morning, af- 
ter counting the fish which may have, ascended during the darkness, the 
miller lifts the gate and the salmon pop on up Stream Owing to the 
smallness of the river above, the inhabitant- were, at llrst. able to kill 
in ii i i . newcomers; and so no salmon are allowed to inn up until 
the September floods, which raise the upp.-i ■-■'■ . .; poolaso that 

the llsh cannot be easily got at. Several hundred had passed npiu ISrJ 
when I last saw this ladder. 

The plan of detaining the flsh until the autumn floods, in the short 
Si tune "■!"'■■ the dam, xhen thei i an lie so coal y ; ' tooted by the lo- 
cal guardian, instead of scattering them for lift v nuTes up river to be 
killed by the settles, in every pool w here low water in summer may have 
caused them to congregate, is a (read one, for small rivers especially. 

Now, Mr. Editor, thU is Bus blstorj a rmVj one nn cessfn ■- > 
There arc othere In Canada, What has- become of those which. 1 am 
told, there was an appropriation made by the Legislature for the Troy 
and other dams? They will be needed for the California salmon which 
were put Into the Hudson this wring, as soon as they can be completed, 
judging by the slow progress of everything connected with our Fishery 
Commissioners, except shad hatching and the bull-pout distribution. 
Yours, lUjil! 



tmnl Mistow. 



THE MICHIGAN GRAYLING. 



THE London Field, in its issue of July 18th, gives a 
most faithful reproduction of the Michigan grayling, 
(Thywedliin tricolor,) as engraved by us last June. Descaul- 
ing on the appearance of the fish, the writer remarks: — 

"The fish shows some qualifications which are very 
distinct from our grayling. The eye is much full ;r, rounder 
and more prominent; in the British grayling this is lozenge- 
shaped and sloping buck, a peculiarity which the artist 
could hardly tail to remark. The dorsal fin, though large 
in our grayling, is very large in the Michigan one. The 
anal fin. "too, is much more extended and lengthy, and the 
ventral fins longer and more lance-head shaped. The 
, only extend to half way along the dorsal (in, 
whereas in oui's they run the whole length of the fish; and 
the description of the colors shows them to be more bril- 
liant, varied and marked. In fact there is very i it 
that the .Michigan grayling is not our grayling. But there 
is another grayling which it may claim a much elosei re- 
latiimship io, "and that is the so-called Arctic grayling first 
discovered by Back in 1820." 

Jackson Gillluinks, Esq., of Carlisle, England, to whom 
wc sent a proof of the grayling, writes us, (see Forest ahd 
SrtiU'.r ri i July Oth, ) "I have compared your wood cut 
with Varrell, and other standard works, and find that your 
fish is somewhat slenderer than his, and has a larger fin in 
proportion, but not at all so different, as to justify me in 
pronouncing them to be distinct varieties." 

The Fiskl, with its usual thorough acquaintance with 
such subjects, is inclined to give the liahitat of the grayling 



FOREST AND STREAM. 



a wider range in America, even in the United States, than 
was at first supposed, and we are constantly receiving from 
our correspondents confirmations of the accuracy of this 
opinion. 

Says the Fidel — 

"The lmhitnl. of Black'- nrayliug is, wa arc told, in the 
ilacKenzie River . . . WE are further told fch&l it is 
never found south of the 62d parallel of latitude; and that 
we take to be a rather rash statement. MacTCr-nzie River is 
a very large aud wide river, and so far as we cau roughly 
estimate it, from its earliest source or tributary to its 
mouth, runs through some 1,200 to 1,300 miles, and is the 
outflow of Great Bear Lake, Great Slave Lake, Athabasca. 
. NOW, if we note the ramifications of the Mae- 
Keuzie Rivet's headwaters, we shall find that they very 
closely approach in many places some of the affluents of 
the Winnipeg, which again communicate by other streams 
and chains of lakes with Lake Superior, and so to Michigan 
and Huron." 

Professor Agassiz, to whom one of the first of the Michi- 
gan grayling- was sent on February, 1803, writes: — 

"Thus far this species has only been seen by one Amer- 
ican naturalist, Prof. Cope, of "Philadelphia.' ... It 
is a species of grayling. Before Prof. Cope's discovery— 
this genus of Ash. wa- only known on the American con- 
linen! from the Arctic regions, about MacKenzie "River, 
where it had been discovered by Sir John Franklin, <fec." 
I See Hallock's Fishing Tourist, p. 200.) 

The argument deduced by our learned contemporary in 
regard to the increased range to be given the American 
grayling, wants no further confirmation than that, found in 
our columns. In Montana, Vermont and Canada, as may 
have been noticed by our readers, grayling have been found. 
We are even inclined to believe, from a very careful des- 
cription given us of a fish by a thorough icthyologist, that 
grayling have been caught in the northern section of our 
own Slate. 

As to the slender appearance of the fish in our engraving, 
we do not think it exceptional, though some may be more 
bulky in form. We have had a private letter from Mr. 
Mather assuring us of the faithfulness of our engraving. 
The high dorsal flu, flaunting like a hcrsc's mane, 
we know was purposely distended by the artist in order 
to give it its exact size. When swimming, as Mr. Mather 
informs us, the grayling allows its dorsal fin to wave 
somewhat on one side. In our collection we have 
some specimens of these dorsal tins. The largest, taken 
from the average run of fish, measures one inch and 
five-eighths in height. We trust before long to be able 
to add still further information in regard to the habitat of 
the grayling, believing that the range of the fish will be 
found quite as -wide as that of the other smaller species of 
the salmouidte, and that the judgment of the Loudon Meld 
in this respect will be fully substantiated. 

New Yoek, August 7th, 187-1. 
Editor Fokest and Stream :— 

I baud you herewith a specimen of a fish taken by me 
July 10th 'from the Jacrpres Cartier River while fishing for 
trout in the rapids. It was oue of a dozen caught, for they 
rose voraciously to the fly, and in fact were a source of 
great annoyance, for no soouer did the fly touch the water, 
than one of these little fellows, often not more than five 
inches long, would dart at it, and persistently follow it up 
to the very edge of the canoe, in its vain endeavors to 
swallow what was almost the size ot its own body. 

I should have at once proclaimed them to be smolt, did 
not my intimate knowledge of the river preclude the possi- 
bility of salmon ascendiug above Sullivan's Falls, some ten 
mile's below where these fish were caught. The fall is 
some thirty feet high, and at the top there is a dam some 
eleven feet in height. Sis years ago, I took these fish in 
just about the same locality. The natives call them " rapid 
trout," as they are only' caught in swift running water. 
They seldom exceed ten inches in length. 

Mr, Boswell, of Quebec, the lessee of the river, had sev- 
eral of these fish sent him some years past for the purpose 
ot having them classified, but we have never heard from 
them since. Now, Mr. Editor, if you can throw any light 
upon this matter vou will greatly oblige your correspondent 
aud many others." G. M. Faihchild, Jr. 

We should pronounce the specimen before us a smolt, or 
young salmon of second year's growth. We have seen 
hundreds of them, and caught them precisely as our cor- 
respondent describes, while fishing for trout, and cannot 
see. wherein this differs. Perhaps some of our Quebec 
readers can inform us if salmon have not been planted in 
the Jacques Cartier river, above Sullivan's Falls. We can 
account for their presence in no other way .— Et>. F. & S. 

No. 170 W. Biddle Street, Baltlmoke, / 
August 8th, 1874. \ 

Editor Forest and Stream: — 

Dear Sir— The last number of your paper contains a 
letter from H. DeNehcosnova, with regard to a bird he saw 
beiug fed by a much smaller one, and asking what birds 
they Were-. 
The lMger bird was a young cow-pen bird (Molothrw 
ml its foster mother was probably a Maryland 
yellow throat [G,.vihli/pis trkiia*.) 

' Audubon, in his birds of America, gives a full and very 
iutercstin"- account of the bird and its habits. 

G. II. M. 
" Fred Beverly " says the bird is a cow-bunting, and so 
does R. S. N., a prominent naturalist of Salem, and several 
others, who refer the writer to "Samuel's Birds of New 
England," ami "Wilson's Ornithology" for full informa 
lion.— Ed.] 

NEW Haves, Conn , July 30lh, I8M. 
Kditoh FobebI i5B Stream:— 

Itiad to-day an opportunity or observing a queer course if instinct in 
HU ,.:-[■, -i A large black and red hornet .?':<■„. ,;>.■■ ,,,.,. ;,... . 1 think, had 
secured a locaet t tofl to pi ninety}, winch was nearly twice n- own size, 
and wua trying to carry it to its nest, but the locust beaut; too heavy to 
entry directly its instinct came to the rescue. It would grasp the loi isl 
ground the body with the two lust leys of its body, then, with the use of 
hi legs and wings, it would climb up the trunk of tree, post, ot 
uthgt object, and Itaviiig roach. ■' eio. would suddenly fly 



oil. forcing itself and load ii 
Hon. and in that way 
reached the ground it %vonld 
operation, stopping every in 
a remarkable 



ildtal 



• direction towards its de&tina- 
2ral yards each time. Having 
' to the next tree and repeat, the 
o take o short rest. Is this not 



inct'? 



Anvi 



CENTRAL PARK MENAGERIE. 

DEPAET3IEST OT PUBLIC PARKS, I 

New Yokk. Aug. 9, 1871. f 
Animals received at Central Park Jteuagerte for the week ending 
Lugttst -'H.1874: 
!'•:.• 3a 1,-- :, T • .'..',,, \>„trl,"i>.u , 
One Gnu. Oi/nl'ip'i' iji"i. Hub. Africa. 
Oue Polar Bear. /" -•-■ m <ntimu*. Hob. Polar regions. 
Twofi ■.-./-■■' ■ ■.".'-';■.,/ H<h. jfortli Atlantic. 
One iiiuu' Vulture, Gj/parr/w' jiaprt. Huh. South iVtnerka. 
Sixteen Cockatoo?. 
Two Monkeys. W. A, Cosklix. 



ffoodlxnd, ^atvn and <§<irden, 

CARNATIONS AND THEIR CULTURE. 



"The fttltivation of the carnation ever new— always Yielding it* varied 
blossoms.— Old MSS. 

"They may read, and read. 
And read aa-ain. and sti'.l find something new. 
Something to please, and something to instruct." 

BY the early carnation pink culturists, and old Scotch 
growers "of this beautiful flower, the carnation was 
set in three distinct classes. This, for convenience, was 
found to he one of the best arrangements that could have 
been made This old floral classification has always been 
retained. They were then called, as they are known to- 
day, by the Dames of the bizarres, flakes, and self-colored. 
The bizarres are those having two or more colors, in addi- 
tion to the white or ground color — these colors always run 
in distinct stripes through the petals of the flower. The 
flakes, as the second class are designated, have but oue 
color only, besides the white, running the same way. The 
third class, or self, are those having"one color only. The 
colors of the bizarres are crimson, purple, and scarlet; the 
flakes have purple, scarlet, and rose color, and tile selfs 
run mostly to piuk, purple, and crimson. Then we have 
that other beautiful variety called the pieotec carnation, 
which differs from the above very materially in its mark- 
ings. The flowers of this variety consist in edgings of 
of one or more colors running round the edges only of 
their petals, the remainder of which being of one color, 
either white or yellow. These were the old standard col- 
ors in 1860, and "for several years were considered, as they 
are to-day, the finest flowers' Of late years some few good 
varieties have been added to these, besides many other 
varieties have been grown, both in Europe and America, 
unworthy of the notice or attention of the cultivators of 
good flowers. One reason which should be sufficient to 
deter the growers of this beautiful species of the pink from 
ever encouraging what we term a "fraud" is that these 
new varieties, nine times out of ten, are complete failures- 
mere floral abortions, without compactness or symmetry. 
The first grand requisite to a fine carnation will always be 
found wanting in the "new varieties," viz., a pure snow 
white ground. The well grown carnation flower should 
never be less than three inches ill diameter. I have, seen 
them four inches in diameter, and such flowers will amply 
repay any one for the extra pains bestowed upon them in 
careful cultivation. The centre or crown of the flower 
should be prominent, and well filled with petals. The 
ground color pure, clear, and free from all spots, and the 
edges of the petals smooth, without notches. If you would 
have first class flowers grow them in pots, the soil to be 
two parts of good loam" to one part of road sand or grit, 
and two parts of old stable manure. 

As all lovers of this plant will be quite likely to wish to 
know how to grow aud blossom their own plants, instead 
of buying of the florists, a few plain directions will enable 
any one to have as line flowers of their own raising as cau 
be obtained anywhere else. To have your plants bloom 
well you will about the 1st of April place them in the pots 
in winch they are to bloom; these are to be eight or ten 
inches in diameter, aud in each pot you can place four 
good strong plants, having first enlarged the hole in the 
bottom to four times tbe usual size. Now place two or 
three pieces of broken potsherd over the hole, and upon 
these a little coarse compost from the heap; then ftllup 
with the compost as first directed. Now your potior the 
reception of these four small plants being half full of 
earth, you are ready to finish it up by pressing it down 
moderately with the hand to prevent too muck settlement 
of earth after your plains are inserted. Take your young 
plants carefully from the small pots without breaking or 
disturbing the bulk of roots, aud so place them in the large 
pots that the lowest leaves shall be about one half an iuch 
below tbe edge of the pot. Now very carefully fill the 
residue of the pot with your compost, give it a gentle 
shake, and your work is done.' 

If you have a garden frame or cool place, you can now 
water them gently and place them in free air until the mid- 
dle of May, when, the pots may be placed out of doors if 
the weather is not too cold; yet you must be careful not to 
give them too much sun or heat at first, as this would be 
fatal to them. A partially shaded place is better than full 
sunshine, the morning being always desirable. Two hours 
of the morning aud evening sunshine are to be sought— 
themid-day or meridian's rays always to be avoided. 

These pots will bloom good flowers, aud here remember 
to give Some protection to the sides of the pots, but be sure 
nevei to sink them into the ground. Ton will now stake 
your carnations with round neat sticks, and Lie up neatly 
with bass malting. An experiment I have frequent I] trieo 
with pleasure to myself is the following, which I note for 
the benefit of such a few choice carnations, and u little 
leisure to give to them. Have- a small awning made of 
muslin, or canvass, placed on supports over your plains as 
they conic into bloom, and if you try it once you will al- 
ways use it in the future. 

The carnation, it is well known, is propagated from the 
seed, and by this means some of our finest varieties are oh- 
taiued. I have often obtained from seed two very fine 
plants, but the means usually employed to preserve fine 
varieties arc. by "layering*," "cuttings," and "pipings." 
This is the only truly reliable method of preservation of 
choice varieties, for from the same seeds of a flower I lmve 
had every variety above named, some six different varieties. 
Cuttings or pipings maybe cut aud rooted at any time of 
the yew, hence ;m article upon the carnation is always iu 



season, and, like their beautiful flower, is welcomed at all 
times. The manner of growing them the easiest is as fol- 
lowst — Select the cuttings. you desire to propagate from 
the parent plant, and eut it through with a sharp knife just 
below the third pair of leaves from the top of the cutting; 
this done, cut oil half the length of every leaf on the CUt- 
tihg except the two lower ones, which are to be removed 
altogether. Now, you will till quite a small pot with one 
half soil and one half sand; make it smooth, and insert 
your cutting in the centre from oue to oueanda half inches 
id. depth. Water well, place a hard glass or tumbler over 
it, and set it aside. This glass will gather moisture, and 
should be removed every day and wiped dry, and again re- 
placed. You can by this means stake your cuttiugs in a 
room of your house with as much ease, aud with as much 
certainty of their living, as within a greenhouse. Cuttings 
ed may be "readily rooted in a window or iu a 
room, from May to October, without failuie. I find a very 
good way to start cuttiugs to be iu a raisin box of sand 
filling the same with the cuttings half an iuch apart, and 
keeping them well watered. 

Layering is not so certain, and requires more care than 
method, nevertheless it is well to know how you 
are to do it. With a sharp knife you will remove the leaves 
From tie- second or third joint of tbe plant, without sepa- 
ratum the same front the parent stock; having done this, 
carefully cut a slit close under and half through tbe joint, 
being very careful not to separate the shoot from the main 
stem. Have ready your small pot sunk iu tbe ground, in 
the soil which you cover your layer with. You will now 
peg the layer clown with a small twig hook, and j-our work 
is done. Shade these from the sun while rooting, aud when 
rooted sever from the parent plant, and you have an inde- 
pendent plant, thrifty and reliable. Very many little ac- 
quisitions and accessories for the exhibition and beautify- 
ing of the carnation are frequently noted, but as they are 
the creations of fancy, and have no real value, we' pass 
kuein oi a-, as any one of our friends, if they have sufficient 
Confidence to follow our written experience in carnation 
culture, can go and do likewise, and we can give them full 
assurance, that their labors will yield them a rich and plea- 
sant reward. Ollifod Quill. 
♦»♦ 

Tile Snow Plant of the Sikkhas. — One of the grand- 
est objects; says the San Fraucisco Bulletin, which meets 
the eye of the traveller in our mountains is the exquisite 
plant, the snow plant of the Sierras — the Barcodes sanguined 
of John Torrcy, the botanist. It is an inhabitant only of 
the high Sierras, being rarely found below an altitude of 
4,000 feet, and its glorious crimson spike of flowers may 
be ^-t:n early in May forcing itself through the snows 
which at that period cling about the sides of our pine for- 
ests. The portion of the plant which is visible above tbe 
soil is a bright rosy crimson in color, aud presents the very 
strongest contrast to the dark green of pines aud shimmer 
of the snow.. Its root is succulent, thick, and, abundantly 
free of moisture, attaching itself to the roots of other 
plants, principally to the species of the pine family. Hence 
it is among these curious members of the vegetable world 
which are known to the botanists as parasites, and is con- 
sequently entirely incapable of cultivation. The deer are 
extremely fond of it, and it is not an uncommon circum- 
stance to find a number of these plants uprooted aud robbed 
of a portion of their underground growth by these ani- 
mals. It belongs to the natural order OrbdWlhacea, and 
is met with through the whole of the Sierra region, becom- 
ing rarer as we approach the south. - 



gen mid giver <#*%#. 

FISH IN SEASON IN AUGUST. 



Salmon. Sahnu Stilur. Salmon nam. v ■'».■■ , o: H,:i*. 

Troii i. Sahii" 1'onliiiaJis. ilichieaiieioo liua\ J':'/i/i(i!iitstricotpr 

Laud-locked Salmon. s,ji,i- o ,>!<..■■. n wh-ioiihi ■/.« nigricans. 

Black Bass, u., "">'. ; <•> -;,oi«-i:/. < Scairom. .sv,'„,,, hiiiiiaculalut. 

Striped U:i-s. /.'•.••_••_•■■.■- Iiucalns. Weakfish. 

BInaflah, temnocton toBator. _ 

—The bays and sounds from Nantucket to Atlantic City 
have suffered t he past week from a dearth of fish. At Bar- 
ncgal a few sheepshcad, weakfish, aud bluefish were taken 
on odd days,- but other days brought most meagre returns. 
If one kind of fishing was more remunerative than an- 
other, it was the sheepshcad. The market fishermen aver- 
aged, say a dozen apiece j/tr t/imi. aud one sportsmen friend 
,^\' ours took thirteen, the largest weighing ten pounds. 
One of lite Hidgways, fishing in his sneak-box, took two 
ten-pound sheepshcad at once. In Canarsie Bay there is 
\w fishing to speak of; a few small bluefish outside the bar. 
The same on the Atlantic side of Long Island, with occa- 
sional intervals or spurts of good luck. In the Souml the 
irawls of the Fishery Commission, drawn a half dozen 
limes daily, are almost barren of food fish. About Nnn- 
tuckct, however, the bluefish abound, and so also in Mas- 
sachusetts Hay. Striped bass arc caught in the vicinity of 
Newport in considerable numbers, and sell iu market at 
twenty cents for small and fifteen cents per pound for 
large. We saw some large fellows on the slabs that 
weighed sixty pounds. Bluefish are abundant, chiefly from 
llyannis, Massachusetts, aud are quoted at six cents. Pom- 
pano slill in market, from North Carolina, at sixty cents. 
One line specimen weighing three and a half pouuds. Span- 
ish ntiickerel, trotn South Side of Long Island, selling at 
twenty cents. Sheepshcad In moderate supply, from New 
Jersey, at twenty-five cents. Salmon vefy scarce, from 
Mirtiiiu.hi, New Brtinswick, at forty cents. Weakfish, 
toon lame Island and New Jersey, plenty at six cents, 
l-'.esli liiaekerel, from Boston, at twelve to fifteen cents, 
Halibut plentiful, from Georges, at fifteen to twenty cents. 

af| i i. are very scarce, ami sell at $1 ,30 to |S8 per 
dozen. Brook trout, wild, from Canada, are sold at fifty 
cents. Frog legs, from Canada, scarce; sold at sixty cents. 
Green turtles from Cedar Keys, very plenty, at fifteen to 
eighteen cent-. 

— CutCbiug niacl-.ci.'l "lib hook and line on the New 

England shore is fast becoming obsolete. A fleet of 1BQ 
i tlv '•' ■■! ' *re, l«s f week, were all seiners. 



FOREST ANT) STREAM. 



—A sloop brought 10.00(1 bhu-lish into Newport 1 he other 
d.-iv, ("iiinlii, off Nantucket.. 

—The bluefish have driven mat kcrel into BoBton harbor, 
so lli:il in some points there is line spoil in catching them. 

()n Saturday oia party catighl LOO mackerel at Hall's wharf, 

at no il of Ohclsea bridge, 

—On Thursday a line specimen of Ule tatpum [Meffkrps 
tlvrimtiks) was caughl off Hog's Inlei, Rookaway, and was 

on I'ridav sent hv Mr libel, bed lo the Smithsonian Insti- 
tution. Professor I laird's wish to liave a oasl of this re- 
markable fish added to ihe Smithsonian collection, ean 

now he srrathied. Perhaps the Bsh Whioli we saw was a 
iriite smaller than the one described sonic time ago in ihe 
Foi;i:sr wo Stuk.wi, but til a specimen was perfect in 
every way. in 'I having losl a scale. 

— &,• striped bass iwo Peet three indies iti length and 

nineteen niches in ciivutnlVrenec, was caught Willi a hook 
and line at Kingston, on ihe Hudson on the 7Mi, 

— Oood catches of sniped bass are nia.le off llic RaiU 

road bridge sit Cohassett rTarrowB, Mass. Alexander and 
Henry llathway will furnish bail ami all necessary altend- 
anee ai reasonable prices, also bonis for blue and sipietcague 
fishing, and will soon be able to furnish accommodations 
Tor t lie angler. 

—A correspondent. "Tom." writes from Xoiupiill Beach, 
Buzzard's Bay, Mas-,. An-. 7lli: '-Our fishing lure for 
large game is not very good at present. Blue fish, tan tog 
iVe.. s,-,-in to have made a Hank ir.ovcmenl, and are 
now disporting in Vineyard Sound; however, they are 
easily reached Horn i his place in a few minutes sail. 
Pishing parties tire loud in their praise of this location as 
a rendezvous. A. steamer makes three I rips a day lo and 
from New Bedford, seven miles distant, making a delight- 
fill sail or one hour down the glorious old Buzzard's Bay ." 

—The old dam above Shaw's tanneries, on Grand Lake 
Stream, being unsafe is being removed by the corporation 

i bl repl iced by a new one of .stone. 

—A. party eff four gentlemen from Providence, R. t., on 
their route through the entire chain of the Rangeley Lakes, 
stopped for a day's fishing on the Monseluernagiiulic Lake 
and off Sandy Point and Bugle Cove, captured fifty- 
eight trout, which averaged one and : a half pounds each. 
Among litis lot was one of four pounds, I wo of two pounds, 
one of one ami three quarters pounds, two of one and a half, 
fine or one and a quarter pounds, and eleven of a pound 
each. Heavy showers have prevailed the entire first weeks 
of this month, find the thermomeler has ranged from 
seventy to eighty degrees in the shade. Although it sud- 
denly fell on the morning of the 2d inst to fifty-nine de- 
crees, it has now returned to its former position. 

— E. A. Meneeley. Esq., President of the Mohawk 
Game Club, writing us from Wallingforrl, Vt. , says; — 
"Yesterday I fished down a brook and caught forly-niue 
speckled beauties. Ibeai on all sides that ruffed grouse or 
partridge as they call them here, are very plenty." 

—The latest favorite among the Virginia mountain resorts 
is the Mont View Hotel at Front Royal, a handsome, new 
house, just opened for visitors. The black bass flailing in 
the Shenandoah, near this place, is as fine as we have heard 
of, these fine fish seeming to prefer the pure water of this 
branch of the Potomac. 

—The l: tTout" of Florida (properly black bass) were 
caught, wilh fly a hundred years ago. This fact we acci- 
dently discovered last week while perusing an antiquated 
copy of Bartram, inpritit of 17(14. Perhaps we ought not 
to claim that the device used was a genuine artificial fly, 
though it and the method of using it are as nearly akin to 
Hies and fly-fishing as Ihey can well be. Bartram says of 
these trout: — 

'They are taken with a hook and line, but without any 
bait. Two people are in a little canoe, one silting in the 
stern to steer, and the other near the bow, having a rod ten 
or twelve ieet in length, to one end of which is tied a strong 
line, about twenty inches in length, lo which is fastened 
three large hooks, back to back. These are fixed very se- 
ETtrely, and tied with Ihe white hair of a deer's tail, shreds 
of a red garter, and some parti-colored feathers, all which 
form a tuft or tassel nearly as lanre as one's list, ami entirely 
cover and conceal the hooks; that is called a "bob." The 
steersman paddles softly, and proceeds slowly along shore; 
he now ingeniously swings the bob backwards and forward, 
just above die surface ami sometimes tips the water with it, 
when the unfortunate cheated trout instantly springs from 
under the reeds and seizes the exposed prey." 

The "bob" is in use at the South at this day. 

— Lord Dufferin, Governor General of Canada, has just, 
returned from the Nepigou River, where he spent several 
days. Hi? Excellency is one of the most ardent .sports- 
men in the world, having made a yacht cruise to Spitzber- 
geu, let-land, and other points in high latitudes. His 
proclivities are constantly shown in his travels through 
Canadian wilds, and in his liberal patronage of field sports, 
he having given competitive prize medals to several dif- 
ferent associations within the past year. 

—We have seen allusion made to the mortality of fish 
in Washoe Lake. The Virginia City Enterprise, of 
Nevada, says that there is a windrow of dead fish nearly a 
mile long on the eastern shore of the lake. They are of 
all sizes." On the surface of the lake they are floating belly 
up everywhere, and it is believed that not one live fish re- 
mains, as the pelicans and gulls that have hitherto fre- 
quented the lake, have all left. Already a great stench 
arises. As there, are no mills or deleterious substances 
near, and as the water is high and very pure, the mortality 
can be accounted for only by the supposition that there has 
been an eructation of deleterious gas from the bottom. 



SPORT IN NEWFOUNDLAND. 

Harbor (hlAUR, N'ewfoniidland. .Tub- -joth. isyi 
Forest isn Stri.a.m:- 
iv timi ynti an- always triad to I"- if about Newfoundland, During 



ty a hill and 
dado silvery 



siiiTtniiKkd w 




lr»r 


minim 


t Of 


mead, many u 


pleasi 




mi", n 


anv a 


tinder the ray 


of a. 


:: - 


mi. do 


add i 


rt'fthsrd W( 


:k lot 


ellii 


g roni 


ll !he 


Wiles or50n 


Ilea It 






1 d' 


Pond, 13 mill 


- long 








milos lone, Bi 











lllH! SllOJIS 

[jinn north 
Sing to the 



TAKE THE LADIES. 

If married men would lake kindly the suggestion here- 
in given, and more frequently follow it, we doubt not that 
greater pleasure would be added to their own sauntcrings, 
while we are positively certain that they would contribute 
much to Ihe enjoyment of those indulgent, patient bodies 
whoso reluctantly permit their absence ami so anxiously 
and lovingly await their return. — Ed. 

Sew Yobk, July ISth. 1874 



read your paper with n great, deal of 1 



i different part 
nit I find them 
nnt forit— I cai 



iterent for nearly a year, 
t sportsmen who go to the 
;ontinent for their amusement and 
alike in two reepeets. Perhnpo 

Is, or it may be a long pull or pad- 
s poles and bark and buildw a hut. 
r onld find it just as easy to put up 
). and if suddenly overtaken by 
important item, he must fuel very 
dark after the material to build his 



l pre 

i -e : t,- 



wliat did t 



i.-iilie 



that; 

to look arter Biddy, while die lord of creation went o 
to have a little Change? t may not haw seen a* ton 
of yonr contributors, hut that which i have Bean in 
my "better half," and she not only enjoyed seeing bt 
caught as many fish and killed nearly as much gai 
master, and many a night We should have gone to bee 
"luck with the fish." 
By explaining these enigmas you will confer a favi 



gachting and g outing. 



HIGH WATER. FOR THE WEEK. 



Aug. 18 

AUi.U 

A">fe.W 

Aug. H, 

Aug. 17 

Aug. 18 

Aue.19 



finntwn. 


New York. 






• 9 


9 32 


46 


10 9 


1 28 


10 40 


I r.8 


11 15 


i ss 


11 54 


3 9 




3 49 


31 



9 23 
9 58 
to .'« 



The Cokinthtan Yacht Race.— The weather for the 
last two or three days had been so stormy that, the Corinth- 
ian yacht race, open to all recognized yacht clubs, bad to 
be postponed until August lULlf. The schooner yachls in 
this race are handled entirely by amateurs, and no profes- 
sional sailor allowed on hoard. The race took place off 
Newport, B. L, at 9 A. M., last Monday, and the course 
was from a, stake-boa! anchored off Fort Adams andDnmp- 
ling Rocks to Block Island buoy and return. The start was 
a flying one, the five yachts that entered crossing the line a-s 
follows: Azalia, 11:50:10; Fearless, U:5U: Tempest, 
11:59:5; Idler, 12:1:30; Foam, 12:1:1:20. They started" on 
Ihe port tack, made short stretches for the whitewashed 
rocks, Azalia leading Tempest and Fearless close together, 
and the Idler beautifully handled. The yachts now started 
out of the harbor, beating dead to windward, and making 
for the Beavcrlail light, the Idler closing up at the gap be- 
tween her, Ihe Tempest and the Fearless. Within a short 
distance of Port Judith, the Idler passed the Azalia, and 
was now leading the whole fleet. The yachts worked well 
out from Point Judith, and made for Block Island buoy, 
which was dead to windward, and rounded Ihe buoy in 
the following order: Idler, Azalia, Tempest, Fearless, 
Foam. The schooners now squared away and made tor 
port, running before the wind, which held good up to Port 
Judith. The Idler was now increasing her lead every 
minute, and passed the Point a long distance ahead of l lie 
fleet, and arrived at Ihe home stake-boat an easy winner at 
0-;52-45 The Azalia came in about 55 minutes afterwards. 
The following genfiemen composed the crew of the Idler: 
S. J. Colgate, captain} -I. J. Alexandre, male -. Frederick 
Thomas F. Did', Foster, Giraud Foster, J. VV. Beekman, 
Jr VV Foulke Jr., 15. II. Foulke, W illiam Krebs, Henry 
Steers, M. Roosevelt Schuyler. Robert Center, W. Roose- 
velt, A. Roosevelt, J. F. Roosevelt, J. B. Uuer, A. Remson, 
L. B.E. F. Woodruff. 

We have received the following letter from our yacht- 
ing editor, who was one of the Crew of Ihe Idler: 

Yacht Idler, / 
Off New York, August 9th. \" 

The cruise of the iNew York Yacht Club has been most 
successful up to tin- present time. The first day's run 
from Glen Core to New la.ndon was a plDBSaill one, lint 
owing to ihe uncertainty in the direction and strength of 
the wind, there was no 'fair lest of the relative speed of 
ihe yachts. The "Magic," of the schooners arriving with a 



long lead in her class, was preceded some twenty minutes 
by the " Vision." sloop, which was the first vessel in. 

On Friday, the 7th. a start was effected at nine o'clock, 
and wilh a splendid wind and all kites set, ihe run inNew- 
pori was accomplished in the shortest time on record, sail- 
ing in squadron. The Magic led the -cht'oners until past 
Point Judith, when the larger vessels crowded up abreast 
of her. The " Dauntless." which was unfortunate in her 
start, getting off the last of all, did herself great credit upon 
ibis occasion, and soon reached through the fleet, taking 
her place among Ihe leading boats.' where she and the 

Wanderer had a most exciting conlesl for the lead, the for- 
mer, in addition to her kites, showing a large square sail, 
which seemed most effective, and the latter a -pinmikcr, 

which iOso (lit! good service. In passing Fori Adams, the 
Wanderer had Ihe lead bv about a ship's length, but in 
lulling around the norlh end of Goat Island. Ihe ••Danni- 
less" got the better of her. anil let go her anchor a few 
seconds in advance. The little "Magic" bad in the 
meantime taken in kites, and hauling her wind, passed in 
the sooth entrance, and was Ihe first of the fleet, lo anchor. 
The Kamblcr came in a short di-bince asien, of her. and 
Ihe balance of ihe lice! were bill a short distance behind. 

Of Ihe sloops Ihe "Vision" was Hie rirsi in, hut was 
hard pressed by the " Yindex." which did not secure as 
good a Start, am! came to anchor one minute after her Heel 
antagonist. The new sloop "Wayward," .Mr. Edgar 
Morris, showed great speed, and gave" (be "Qui Vive" a 
sound beating. The " Graeie " Was unmrlunulo, carrying 
away her jib boom at the start, Inn although working under 
this disadvantage, secured a good place at ihe finish". 

Newport harbor ai present contain? forty-one yachts, 
principally from the New York. Seawanhaktt, and Eastern 
yacht clubs. Tuesday, the lllb, has been fixed for the 
regatta for Commodore Bennett's cups, and the Eastern 
yachts having been invited to contend, -a splendid race is 
.tut iti paled. 

The decision to postpone the Corinthian race si l for 
Saturday, the 8th, was unquestionably a wise one, for it 
blew a gale of wind, and the sea outside Point Juditn must 
have been enormous; the worst feature, however, was ihe 
blinding rain, which was almost as impenetrable lo In- 
sight as the densest fog. I will send you a full account 
ot this race in time for the next issue of the Fokest wu 
Stream:, if too late for this week's paper. 

K. Newman. 

—The New York Yacht Club squadron, accompanied by 
the fleet of the Eastern Yacht Club, sail for VineyardHaven 
to-day. On the way up there will be a scrub race for 
sloops for a set of colors for each class, the race lo begin at 
Benton's Reef Lightship, anil end at Oak Bluffs. 

LTRS Yacht Clou. -The rirst of a series of races under 
the auspices of the Lynn yacht club for three champion 
cups-one for each class— was sailed on Monday, Augusl 
3d, at Lvnti, Massachusetts Fourteen yachls entered— 
three in the first class, six in Ihe second "class, and five in 
the third class. The start for first class was made a1 hall- 
past three P. ML, immediately followed by the oilier classes. 
The course for first class was twelve miles, and for second 
and third classes nine miles. The winners were ihe yachts 
Haymaker, Fleetwing, and Mabel. The retaiia Committee 
were Messrs. <l A. fownes, Allen Ray, W. B. Phillips, • 
John Moran, and J. W, Haines. The next regatta uill 
take place on Tuesday, August ISih. 

BonciiRSTEit Yacht Club. — The yachts oi ibis club 
will start from Hull, Massachusetts, on their annual cruise 
Saturday, the 22d instant, tin- captains of Hie pariicipaiing 
yachts reporting to Commodore \V. II. Hangs, Jr.. on board 
the yacht Wivcni, ai Hull, on Friday evening, 2lsi instant, 
to get under way at an eaiiv hour on the following morn' 
tog. The direction o J the croise will he along the north 
shore of Massachusetts Uav, stopping at Gloucester, Pigeon 
Cove, Annisquam, and possibly going as far as ihe [sle of 
Shoals. The Era, Wivern, Kelpie. Elsie, and starlight 
bad on Mouday signified their intention of pariicipaiing in 
the cruise. 

— The Isle of Shoals sailing regalia, to take place An- 
gus! 30th, referred to in our last issue, promises to In- a, 
very successful affair. Nineteen yachls had, up to Mon- 
day, 10th instant, entered at Boston alone, with Commo- 
dore D. B. Beekford, No. 20 India street, Boston, and 
many more had signified their intention of entering to com 
pele'for "The Oceanic" prizes. Following is a list of the 
Boston entries: — 

FIRST RACE. 



IFtiarleaa jC«pt.E.B, Phillips. .. i K lEaaiera 

Iwivern Capt. Nathaniel Wdlus., I \i 

.Kay ICom. A. M. Stttlth K llwil'd. 



K IS. host 
, K IE. Host 
K JB. UUl 
Iv I Boston. 
C B Qntirry 
C B 1 1. villi," 



'iM,:.;;::.. 

>i: nbeiinvi 

Julia 

Mtigle... . 



...iCflpt. Jehu M, Ward 

..Cnpt. Wm. w. McCormli 

..Com..!. H. Pitman 

..lOapt. W. B. KiokOTBOu. 

...Oa.pt. J. W. Bowker 

...leapt. B, C. Notll.. 



" Aiif- C'apt. C. II. Montgomery.. I C B i " 

TH1KU HACK. 

Schooner (Phantom Captiun K. ('■. Clark.- I K IDorch'r 

Maiitt faptiiiii Henrv Waltun .... K Hav uill 

k'tieeu IVInl, jl'apl. M ,1 Kile,, CB S. Bml 

lllay, If.'spt. A. J. Suv.'ife ! K iB. Hill 

" Wanderci ICapt. <: E. Bus.- cb Bonon. 

" ICvela ICapt, It. K. Smith . « ll s. Boil 

Lidia Oapt. L. S, M.-r-ton i K S. Bus| 

- lOertrnde -[(. apt. .1. W . Tutlle ,...1 K ,S. H ost 



—The Albany, New York, yacht chili have gone on their 
annual cruise. " The fleet consists of ten yachts, under the 
command of Captain Baker. The club "have adopted a 
verj fine uniform, consisting of blue suits, wilh a white 
due-k cap. Their cruise extends to Newport, mid will last 
two weeks. They participate in Ihe yacht race at .New 
burgh. 

— The North western Regatta Association has made ex- 
traordinary strides tills last two years. The principal ob- 
ject of the! officers to extend boating as D pastime, :,ud to 
elevate the standard of Ihe amateur Oarsman. The large 
number of clubs extending along the great water front 
from P doit lo Chicago, most of whom arc members of 
ihe associalioi-i, are untiring ip their exertions in order |o 
make Ihe. coming regalia i, success. 

— The yacht Nellie arrived at Halifax, Nova Seolii, from 
Newfoundland., on the Dili, having on board the Rev, do 
H. Hepworth. of New York, and friends. 



FOREST AND STREAM. 



— Tho yacht race under the auspices of the Halifax. 
Npva Scotia, Royal yacht club, for the Prince of Wales 
challenge cup, now held by tho Potrel, cftoic "ft on August 
i-i The race was a mixed one, there being no division 
into olivSBOfi; but under ii new arrangement the yachts ni 

nine Let- noil under b:nl :in allowance of seventeen Hilda 

half to torty-two minutes to beatt&c si?ctqcn ton yachts, 
and from twenty-seven ami a half I" Bfty-SlX minute? to 
bi?al the twenty tons* according to their tonnage. The 
oourse was fifteen miles. The weather was very line, with 
:i head wind. The following were the pirtries:— 



Y,„hi Tons. 


Rig /'■■ ti i'"l by. 


Opproy.- 

Swnliow 

Kite 

Whi-pcr 

Cio.iil 

Squirrel 

Petrel 
Falcon. 
Cygnet 


i 1 
8 
i 
!> 

IT 
H 

20 

1G 

; 

9 


Schooner ... . Lieut. FraFBf; 
ClUter J. A U aili£h. 
Y:l«l IW, W.I.I. 

Sloop C \. llircliins. 

Sloop . Oonnnodore Wbnd. 

s'..-r . . i; <■..." s.-.vi 

SlOOp |R: I'.Arm- k. 

Blnop A. (' Edwarda, 

-.-!. i Vice-Corn. Hiilloclc. 

Slonp IS Norris 



for at the local regatta of the association, MS sometime 

after the great open meeting-. Distance, two miles, with a 
turn. 

—Tiie Saratoga regatta is attraoli'tig a large -bare of [tub' 
lie allenfion. The Ciainerry crew, n1 New York, and the 
Schley crow, of Savannah, era at SaratORa; also Jamos 
O'Neil and David Roach. The Wali-wah wirns, Argonaur 
tas, Alalania-i. Buffalo, Potomac, Pnlmello, and several 
oih.-ivaie expected shortly. The Oamerovs are located a1 
Columbia's old (piartors. 

—Messrs. E. QosgrOve, .lohn Dillon, "VTnrlin Mnllanv and 
Henry Smiili of the Jersey City Tub Taohl CHnl 
in n n L'aiia on ihe 30th uli. foi a silver modal presented by 
Mr. ,1 ob i j Allen The race was off SnellV Qrove and the 
Course un- l-J.i feel to and around sialic boal and return. 
Tho \v.ater-was smooth and the men paddled with their 
hands. Ai 7:40 P. M.'n lair star! sras effected, Messrs. 
Cosffroveand Dillon taking ibe lead an,d puddling off side 



Tin- starl was very prettily eiroetcd al Llh. 52in. 30s., 
and shortly after three sails voer* seen bearirigin sighrt hy 

those who- wye provided with glasses. Tin- yachts re- 
turned in the following order :— 

y,„ht. 



Petri 



48 

-,l, 

Os 

,.- 

09 



45 



■;; 



Allhmiuli the Pom 

bv difference of ton 
handed into lllC Sfti 
stalled, aoainsl the 

allowed for tonnage, 
Sqnfrrrcl, and Petrel 
l. 



reonlatio 



Cloud won the race 
that a protesl was 
leforc tin- race was 
toncerning the tunc 

sillied by the owners of Ihe Wh\$pCl', 

('nderilie old regulations, adopted 

lie- yacht club. Ibe Petrel would have won Hie race. 

The Oakland P.each regatta came oil on August 6th 

,;.■,.' Providence. Rhode Island. All tho races were post- 

,,.,,„.,! ,.\,.,.|,i Hie professional sculler's race, which was 

nf tilt- Tou"hne3S of the water, ".lame- Ten F.vck. of 
pgckskill; John giglta, of New York, and Evan Morris,, 
of Pillsburo-h, wore the e-.lries The course was four 
miles, liiiilb. lo take the easlern shore. Morns Ihe central, 
and Ton EvcU the western. Morris won the race: bis lime 
■ -.- 27ha, -Mi> ■ Ib-iin, S7m. 41* On AugOst 7th, the 
water again bein« in nO-condttfon for scull racing, the ski if 
■i'id Fl on oircd race came off. For the skiff raci — a mile 
,,'„]., i,-i|f— there were four enl ries, viz. : — Patrick (ialla- 
';.,', ..„' .1 || Cinran. Providence; Christopher G. Wli- 
ederick A. Plaisted, Boston. Tin 



1 k: 



icked 



ng. In tin 



ick; Pre 
liallaehei-, Wi 
r starl ii 

ere three enlrk 
ion; the Longs! 
ris crew. COOipc 



id Plais- 
i'our-oare.d "profes- 
■\v,:— The Faulkner- 
torew, of Portland; 
id of Evan Morris, 



Reagan crew, 

dohi/lii'.bn^lame-. Ton Kvck, and ( harles Ingalls. Tl 
race was for lour miles; $450 to fi«' boat, $S00 to second, 
iino to third, and was imn by the Faulkner Reagan crew 
inSOm 134s." The Longshore crew came in one minute 
a n ,| seventeen seconds later. The ISigUn-Monis crew did 
nol go round the slake, and came in last. The regatta was 
continued on Annusl lOili, and fortunately, the weather 
bcinc line, and the water smooth, n proved the most, agree- 
able dav of the aquatic sports. The entries for the ama- 
lenr Single seull race were ihe following: -Thomas R. 
K,„ior, R William Kalbbonic, William IS. Mct'reedy, New 
York: Michael V Davis, Portland. Mellenry Andnis, 
Hartford, Conn., and Michael Lynch, Salem, Mass. 1 here 
was some dispute about Lynch rowing, ami lie took no part 
in the race under protest. The course was on Coweset 
Bay from Oakland Beach to the button woods, one mi 
and 'a half an' 



the stake in 12m. 42s. 
few seconds behind. 
lead, and won the raci 
seconds behind, with 
Rathborne, Andrus, 



Davis led from the start, turning 
Lynch second, and Keutor thml, 



On l 



homestretch Da' 
. 41±s., Lynch 



; kepi the 
' i five 



ide gups betr? 



oppi 



d Md reedy d 
turning the stake. Davis won the fi 
watch ; the second prize will most likely b. 
K Bator. 

—Th second annual regatta of the National Association 
oi Vmaieiir < larsiiieii will be held on the Laureate course, 
Troy. New York, on Thursday and Friday, September 8d 
and' lib, l$74, op«'n to Ihe members of all iimater 
clubs which have been duly organized Ihree mo; 
to -he daw- ol this regatta. The invitation of th 
lion holds an amateur to he "one I hat does not e 
open competition, or for either a stake, public 
Stan money, or (■nuance fee, or compete with or against a 
professional for any prize, or who has nevoi taught, pur- 
sued or assisted in the pursuit of athletic exercises us a 
means of livelihood, or has not been employed in or about 
boats ..fin manual labor on Ihe water." The races will 
1 ,. single -cull shells, pair-oared shell-., double scull shells, 



. Mr. 



"g 
ths prior 
associa- 
te!' in an 



and 

costly 

dilion 



d shells, 'and the prizes are I lie elegant and 
Challenge cups and plule of ihe association. In ad- 
it handsome badge will be presented to the winning 

\'evi York as soon as possible, and will be placed On 
,„,„ i„ th,. window of ,1 W. Clisack's store, Time* 
i,b They are ai present held by the following!— The 
ared cup by the Argonauta club oJ Bergerv, New .lot- 
he sin.de scull l.nize'bv l.'l.arlo- Myei-. of Ihe Nas.-au 
■ N.a 2ork and the double seull prize by the Cres- 
lol, of Pll'ladeiphia, A pail-oared prize will proh- 



cxhib 
build 
four ( 

.~ov; I 

club . 
.i,P D e offered by tfte'Trojans. Enlnes wm ui 

•'Dili and must he made to K. R. t'ratl, Sccreia 

Committee, N. A. A. U. The following are the 

apnoinied:— Solieihno C 01 Uee, (I. A. Wat. 

i ,,-,-v A. N. P.oieher, W. EL Orelup, and L. 
Recopuion comrailte, Leo Chamberlln, W.N. T 
Richards, M. MoMaugs, and ti. I J . Lawion 
mi,,,.,., .1. W. Tompkins, captain of the Lm 
W a. tirehi|i, Capjain ol the I lys- - Cinl 
crodii due for the holding of the regatta in 
t„- awarded lo George A. Wat 



>V SOUS, paper boat builder:-. VI 
„, make iheaif..ir whai il prom 
— Mr. U. P. Del.dield. ol Nei 
to ihe President ol the Sarai 
handsouie uold badge, 10 be gi> 
local sculler s , memOers of ihe.i- 



ho hj 



. be 



August 
Regatta 
umittees 
, W. (I. 
(irilliih. 
aycr, R. 
Regatla corn- 
ate club, and 
Much of the 
i thai city should 
rm of E. Wati re 
orked diligently 



oik city, has forwarded 

Rowing Association a 

as a challenge prize for 

iiition It will be rowed 



do. Mei 
the latter poll 
fairly pointer 
start. Mr. 
water, bm ai 
ho used as 



i.Mn 



in- andSmitl 
ird 



dlea 



Mr. Smith, after il 
"yacht " so full of wal . 
he retired from the contest 
shortly after the slart an, 
accident, winning, tin 
once rounding the stal 
Mr. Sinilh, which oi 
these gentleman, M 
second. 



be had f 



,-ould i 



) forlu 



• el 
other 
Il Ihe 
vhich 



thai she 

Mr. Cosjrrn 
and completed tl 

nodal. Mr. Mu 
lioal and afterwa 
ainncd one mo,, 
Mnllanv, bowevi 



■r. made a good 



KniToit PortKsT ami Strram: 



I'OUTI.ASIl. lIo...\lO_'IWl3(l, 1S?4. 

Lake on tlio-JOth nil , 



his opponent If) second*. 



— A Boston correspondent . who has Contracted Ihe canoe 
fever, writes us thai be has bouglil a blrCb canoe, and ex- 
peel- lo do some heavy "exploralinj ainon^ Do- di.-taul 
waters of Ihe Charles River and the unexplored fastnesses 
of Nahant Ibis season," and asks:- 



fcpgjsl going to give us any 
i? Are they nol almost as 
OOflfin, and don'l they ah- 
nd sail bHslu'cSS- 
uld desire- 1 iigk 



• keel 



'T.v ihe way, is your cano. 
information ffibOHl birchen bai 
useful and twice as lighl as Ibe \ 
swer every purpose — barring tl! 
wllich a voyager in untroubled v 

with impartial ignorance of all canoe-, and strong pretcr- 
enccs for the horse car as a means of locomotion, Inn con 
slant perusal of Foiikst a so Stui.am has awakened the 
long-dormaut, nomadic instinct, and I've l;oi canoBialcia 
all over." 

[We are reluctant to inform ouranxious impiirer thai the 
birch canoe is nol named or known in the category of 
civilized craft which our modem canoemen paddle and sail'. 
Il is the peculiar toy and vehicle of ibe aboriginal redskin; 
and although it. is liudil and buoyant and lull of poetry, and 
well adapled lo bis requirements, the palefaces are con- 
ceited enough to beliov.. that they can iiiumi fuel me -.iiuc 
thing lienor in all respects, ([idle as liirhl and less ea.-y lo 
damage or capsize. Only yesterday our attention was 
(railed to a panoe manufactur 
backed with canvas, and wiiighi 
is no doubt but that we are gain 
in time the intellect ofthepi 
ingenuiiy of the early ahDrigrne 
shall have, something to say of I 

— There are two lines of 



ad of interlaced steel strips, 
ng.but forty pounds. There 
ing on the Indian, and that 
omiii day will vie. with Ihe 
Some of tllCSe (lavs we 

.ark canoes. -l-?b.i 

fCJl Montreal 



spiyii 



"Ur 



and Quebec, Urn old " I'.ichclicu" lino, and lb 

Coiiipauy's line. Our (.'riiiadian sigeril, - Mr. Alc.\ Icr M. 

Shewan of Montreal, wishes lo acknowledge ihroilgh lh< 

medium of this paper ihe receipt qf speoial coprtesies Eron 
the officers of the fnion line, entirely uii»oliiiied on hi 

part, bestowed BS a tokeB Of regard lor Foi:i> t ami Stcf.am 
which paper, by the way, is pretty well circulated am 
widely known throughout the New Dominion, it bciui 
taken by mail subscribers alone in forty-two tcVas, 



JZitHwcp %o {gorvcsponrli'HfS. 



We xhall eit'tearor in. f/d.-- thjiur!u,<i>' to impart atiii A0, 

Slteh ii<fm nnilit'ii 'i< H'.-ni A. n;'.w / / ir, tt, anitf't "i ilti'l t.i <>1. .-. 
m, ii. 'I'- ,ri/l rli.-rl"'',/ H„ .„,,.,",-. ,.„■■■,'.:. 

the f cope ill ■' I 'hi" /■«i» r. /'-..■■ - . '• - 

ii/,;. mi,/ flapping. >/"■/ ,/t'i,ri ii'i'/<; m>,t iii --'i "'•', "I- ■-"- ' 

pleit,s/>r>i, tO'i'es. itix/. I/,,',*. 

i,„m;,n,t/ rides, fie. All Imim-hcf m th. s),,,rls)i,<i,,\. .rat 

al.tentivn. Anonvi ih ('uiiiiiiunifnliiiiia not Noticed. 



1,,1-w.oil, .1 \ n .lo., papers. A good 

an aniclo giving full informntion re- 
uorthem sonatrlak of HiqKlgan thnl 



W. S. Dodo-e. L»Uratii;o.-S>ii(l »s i o name o* ypui State, as there 
are rourleeti LiUininiies. Some book? KR to I"- forwarded in yon. 

Ii. (;. Kmiiiit, setnnlcet..— 11 
central point for your parr)0se i 

l-ci:i..o. Will piinl in our n, 
spwtira; tUe gaum nmi fUU of t 
b'ordar on laikc Hupurior. 

[lAciii.K.-TIn? lirtilnijat Troy is confined chiefly to per<3l .o,d l.a>.-.. 
'nn-i-u :io- aoinv iront rilr, iims in llio vicuiiiy. bn' Ok -re arc liboilt t« o 
ri^licnncii to every ti-ili. 

U. 11. L.— Can yon tell mc wucve there is good bluet; Uu>.^ fi.-<liiiii; «nh- 
in, «ay lOOnillcs. nmrc or less, of New York, ami espouse or ,i week's 
triii? 1- there black bus* fishing ft| 'l'..vin l.ik.'s. Conn. orBildd'a Lake . 
\,-,v ,t,i.:,y: An-, i.eud i.a— li-liiiar a' Twin Lake.-; only tiii-kcicl in 
Bodd'stake Pafr bass lislm-L- in Hike cttftrity, Penn. Addrea* Mr, 
WiliUiinso", Luckiiwuxeii- 



C A. B., Carlisle, Ohio.— What i« the liesi feed for do?8 through the 
season of qaail shooting? Ans. Oatmeal anil Indian meal, mixed and 
well boiled: ocoaeionahy give n little vegetoWes mixed with liroth nn,l 
llicoal meal 



\,,,i \. \, w lliiniiisliirc— Cim n 
■. cithrr by letier or rrtW9pM>e 
'or Kronec and quail HhooilnRfo 



rrespoiidents Wast 

tion. .villi the i«isi 

Aii8. For weekly 



Hih Twist. Tables lloiel, i inklaml Write to Mr. (1a1e,r 
dnnt of Sllilrp.-'s factory, Hartford. Conn, .lohn 1\ Mo ire's Son- i 



•nipnlva Metrorilrine. 



W. II. c . u -,-;.. 
n fact n i -or fit 'II- l'ii 
work on the Breed 



.1,1. \\. have sent yon tin- Wurd-Biirlon 



y._\Ve think , 



i,l Me, i ftamliol Parmer JD the proprietor 
-.Ale. HuiiL-eley is 2,1 rnilcH distant from 
•'>irinin..'toil. 17; Indian Roel< (Camp Ken- 
i'.,n,|, 10 mil.'s; Ml. Bine. Ml. Saddleback 
niihs respectively. 



IYio 



'plant) 



of No 



r |.:iper 



f I 1 ;-. 



with 



iai! W ill yon be -ok'nel a- to -ive tne your opinion iik io h,-i locotity, 

&c.S -\„-. (irai,-..- i iv. by .,11 mean- Q Mi-ih.to ill.-, arid 

ttli :., •■ :., uriaiido. 

.1. I! II , S. V. I have permission to il — 1 1 m a iirimle bike near ibis 
city. There are plenty of black bass in it. bat how to take thorn is the 



llltsti,)! 



I 



y flic 



.'IIOI..I 






.1. L. V. 
good iiapi.ii, 



n consider Newfoundland n 
Very ;nml. Wlial kind Of 
lie island? Ans. Reindeer, 
ena and mnsicrat". Would 
rtorn New York, and whnl 
S>, and lake, steamer to St. 

woods, from North ( n ( n to 
, Siaranac, and Lake Placid, 

weeks tie sufficient time to 
, reverse the rout.,— that is, 
aore pleasantly, and have a 
Ans. Better by nil mean*. 
,vill answer, though the time 



SI. Ml 

I-ISCA Ton. -In Blillil'-. • Ai.i.ll.; 

lowing: 'About south from Fire 
s. E, by K. from the Highlands, Ii 
to S. W. by W.. hnviii'.' on ii fron 
bank is plenty of tlsll." What In 
Caught there, anil do excursion pa 
answer Perhaps some of onrr 

I.oi -isvii. t.i-:. Ky.-I tmvea very 
ol a bitch of good, s,„ck by a Cana 
The bitch bus never been I rained i 

(Veil as If h-s dam had been trainei 
ibe dun 



iders can eive nw the light that l 

nan nil,.- pup. live monthaold. on 
inn doe:, well trained and well tired 
bunted . Is he likely to turn out a 
■ Ans. It would have been belter i 



viil 



and paii. 
old dog. 



-il.le 



. take. 

If he takes a fan 



e quickly, and 
ze highly, and 

lOOtiag, I sellfi 

zzle loader, :M 
alcr. I oz. No. 

i obtained the 

■ e.-kedr Aliv. 

:h. \.-,,„, 
e called an av- 



oid flshlng 
1 I he best ? 



a by Adirondack Railroad. Is trout lishiug al- 
um please Inform me as to the shooting to be 



ha 



I'ond, a i ih.- bead el Mooaehead Lake, is a breediim place for black 
duck", and Lucky I'ond i- a t ivorltc resort totlhem. These are ilfteeii 
miles from Kineo and 1 weiev from '-r, ,-iiville.. Knffod prouae are .ihund 
untmosi everywhere, auaSeei ai-,. on Spencer Mountain,* mile from 
\l,„,.-eneail Like. A graft! variety of gamo ia found at Brassaa Lane, 
nen' i nc Canadian line, at th,' homi of Misery river. Guides cm lie pro- 
cured at Greenville or Kineo House. 



FOREST AND STREAM. 











A WEEKLY JOURNAL, 

Devoted to Field asd Aquatic Spouts. PUAOTii.M.lSATt-HAi. llisrmiy, 

Fish Ou-ltcke, the Pkotootiun or (. \ v. b.Pkesebvatiok of Forests, 

ANTJ THE INCUIXATION IV ill EN AND W'.'-IENOPA HEALTHY LNTKKEST 

IN Out-door Kecreation and Study : 

PUBUSIIED BY 

Sorest and ^gtreattf gnhlishina §omp4tjt>, 

17 CHATHAM STREET, (CITY HALL St; TARE) XCT YORK. 

I I'd.- , i ii-tl..-- I!" ■■: - >u ;:-:, 
185 SOl'TH Tlllltlt STRICT. PHILADELPHIA. 

COBB'S BUILDLW. DEARBORN ST ., CHICAGO. 



Ternut, Five Dollars a Year, Strictly In Advance. 

A discount of twenty percent, for fivdcopiea ;uul upwards. Any person 
sending us two subscriptions and Ten Dollars will receive a copy of 
Hallocli's "Fishing Tourist, 1 * postage free. 

Adtcrtixing Karen. 

In regular advertising columns, nonpareU type, 12 lines to the inch. 2c 
cents per line. Advertisement.- on wit -Me page. 40 cents per line. Readina 
notices, 50 cents per line. Advertisement..-' in double column 25 percent, 
sitra. Where advertisements are inserted over 1 month, a discount of 
10 per cent, will he made; over three months, 20 per cent ; over six 
months, 30 per cent. 



NEW YOKE, THURSDAY, AUGUST 13, 1874. 



To Correspondents. 

All communications whatever, whether relating lo business or literary 
correspondence, must be addressed to The Forest and Stream Pub- 
lishing Comtant. Personal or private letters of course excepted. 

All commuiiicu! ions intended for public:!! ion nine! be accompanied with 
real name, as a guaranty of good faith. Names will not he published if 
objection be made. No anonymous contributions will be regarded. 

Articles relating to any topic within the scope of this paper are solicited. 

We cannot promise to return rejected manuscripts. 

Secreianes of Clubs and Associations are urged to favor u- with brief 
notes of their movements and transactions, as it is the aim of tliis paper 
to become a medium of useful mid reliable information betwei n genfl 
men sportsmen from one eud of the country to the other ; and they will 
find our columns a desirable medium for advertising announcements, 

The Publishers of Forest and Stream aim to merit and secure the 
patronage and countenance of that portion of the community whose re- 
fined intelligence enables them to properly appreciate and enjoy all that 
is beautiful in Nature. It will pander to no depraved tastes, nor pervert 
the legitimate sports of land and water to those base uses which always 
tend to make them unpopular with the virtuous and good. No advertise- 
ment or business notice of an immoral character will be received on any 
terms ; and nothing will be admitted to any department of the paper that 
may not be read with propriety in the home circle. 

We cannot be responsible for the dereliction of the mail service, if 
money remitted to ns is lost. 

■ Advertisements should be sent in by Saturday of each week, If possible. 
CHABLBS HALLOCK, Managing Editor. 

WILLIAM C. HARRIS, Business Manager, 



CALENDAR OF EVENTS FOR THE CUR- 
RENT WEEK. 

Friday, August 14th.— Mystic Park. Boston— Utica Park Association. 
TJtica, N. Y.— Rochester Driving Park Asso-iiaiion. Rochester, X.Y.- 
Hartford vs. Taunton B. B. C, Tanuiou. M.i-.-\Vut-eka Trotting 
meeting, III. -English Elevenvs. Klghtemi at cricket, »| the Oval, Lon- 
don— New York Yacht Club cruise. 

.Satop.dav, August !5th.— Saratoga races, Saratoga- llartford vs. 
Picked Nine L. B. ft., Mai ilia's Vineyard— American vs. English 41 
cricket, at Sheffield, Ens.— New York Yacht. Club cruise— Practice day, 
Harlem boat clubs. Harlem, N. Y. 

Mo.s'das, August mil.— Mutual vs. Olympic Boat Club, Albany 
Americans vs. English at cricket, at Sheffield, Eng, 

Tuesday, Angnst 18th.— Hal ifas Crlckol Tournament, Halifax, N. S. 
—Saratoga races, Saratoga— Hampden Park. Association, Springfield, 
Muss— Trotting meeting, Burton, Ohio-Trotting meeting, Grand Rap- 
Ids, Mich— Americans vs. English at cricket, Nottingham, Eng.— Lvnn 
yacht Olnb regatta, Lyuu, Maes. 

Wednesday. August lilth.— Halifax Cricket Tournament, Halifax. N. 
S.— Saratoga races, Saratoga— Hampden Park Association, Springfield, 
Mass.— Regatta at Worcester, Mass.— Trotting meeting, Burton, Ohio- 
Trotting meeting, Grand Rapids, Mich.— Trotting meeting, Etna, N. Y. 
Trotting meeting, Wtlkesbarre, Feho.— Americans vs. English at cricket, 
Nottingham, Eng.-Trotiing meeting, Hornesville, N. Y.— Practice day 
cricket clubs, Uobokeu— Trotting at Agricultural grounds, South Nor- 
walk. Conn. 

TatmallA) , August 20th.— Halifax. Cricket Tournament, Halifax, N. s. 
— Saratogo races, Saratoga-Hampdeu Park Association, Springfield. 
Mass.— Trotting meeting, Burton, Ohio-Trotting meet big. Grand Rap- 
id-, Mich. Trotting meeting, Etna, N. Y.— Trotting meeting, Wilkes- 
barre, Penn.— Isle of Shoals Regatta, N. H.— Trotting at Agricultural 
grounds, South Norwalk, Conn.— Trotting meeting. Hornesville, N. Y. 



INDEX. 

The Index oi' our Second Volume is uow nearly comple- 
ted, and will doubtless be ready for distribution with our 
next issue. The amount of absolutely new ground covered 
by our one year's publication is really surprising. Some of 
the freshest material was contributed for our earlier num- 
bers, when our circulation was very limited, and has 
therefore escaped general attention. We would advise a 
Cursory review of the entire volume. 

Since our paper was first printed, we have published the 
first full and authentic information with regard to the 
Island of Auticosti, the Nepigon country, the Salmon rivers 
of Newfoundland, the Game, of Colorado, the Salmon of 
the Pacific Coast, the Geography of Newfoundland, the 
Zoology of the Northwest, Lake Okeechobee in Florida, 
the Coulongo District of Canada, the Icthyc Fauna of 
Humboldt Bay, California, the Angora Goat Culture of 
Guadalupe, the American establishment in the Island of 



Formosa, and the Upper Saguenay. We have first called 
attention to the presence of the American Anchovy, and 
we have printed the first photographs ever made of the 
Octopus and the Michigan Grayling, concerning which 
hiller pretty much all that is known has been gathered 
through our correspondents. As politicians say, " this is 
glory enough for one year." Besides all this, we have dis- 
seminated a vast amount of information not generally 
known, so thai our two volumes really cornprise a cyclo- 
pedia of useful knowledge that can scarcely be matched in 
this country. We bow before the approval of ' an appreci- 
ative constituency. 

i — ■*•*■ 

. THE U. S. FISHERY COMMISSION. 
< 

WE trust our readers will set a proper estimate upon 
the valuable papers which we are printing in this 
journal under the department of Fish Culture, detailing the 
weekly operations of the United States Fishery Commis- 
sion in Long Island Sound. These papers, it is proper to 
state, ave prepared by Commander Beardslee, U. S. X., the 
oflicer in charge of the steamer "Blue Light," which Ihe 
Government has placed at the disposal of the Commission, 
and who is assisted in his efforts by the scientific gentle- 
men on board, and notably by Prof.Verrill, of Tale College, 
and by Prof. Baird, Chief of the Commission, to whom our 
readers have always been indebted for contributions of a 
valuable character. 

The importance of this work to science can scarcely be 
estimated, while at the same time its influence upon the 
industrial economy of the country must be sensibly felt for 
good. It is but the continuation, too, of the work begun 
oil the coast of Massachusetts, thence extended to Maine, 
and hereafter to embrace the entire coast, line of the 
Atlantic to Florida. Not only are new marine species dis- 
covered, and the identity of others established, but tile 
habitat and breeding places of food fish are ascertained, 
and their habits so studied as to enable the men of science, 
by their mechanical appliances, to prevent waste and mul- 
tiply numbers, thereby giving guaranty for .years to come 
of a continuance of that fish food which it so recently 
seemed was about to disappear forever. Besides, by the 
study of sea temperatures and experiments with Ihe ova 
and small fry of fishes, and the lest, of water of various de- 
grees of purity and saltness, the Commission are enabled to 
transplant, propagate and adapt the several varieties to 
new elements, so that they will thrive as vigorously as 
under Iheir uormal condition. To aid in the accomplish- 
ment, of this great good, the United Stales appropriated 
last Spring the hardly munificent sum of 113,000, but what, 
is lacking in money is more than made up by the enthusi- 
asm of the scientific gentlemen of the expedition, who give 
gratuitously their time and labor to the cause. There are, 
perhaps, two dozen, in the corps, and we doubt not that all, 
or nearly all, have contributed their largess or mite lo the 
interesting material that is weekly prepared for our readers. 
This material is most of it new. It is furnished to us at 
first hand, before the savans have so tortured and befogged 
it with incomprehensible terms and Latinized names, as to 
render it simply as " clear as mud " to those who dwell any- 
lower than the seventh heaven of human intellect. All the 
little parts, characteristics and performances of the numer- 
ous creatures that are brought to our notice, are made so 
interesting and intelligible, and are so interwoven with 
homely illustrations and plain instruction, as lo be eagerly 
read by children and men of simple habits of study These 
find that the "Professors," when stripped of the sombre 
robes and mysticism of their occult studies, and brought 
down to the plane of ordinary comprehension, are no 
•'humbugs," but very companionable fellows; and the 
consequence, is that all the fishermen and coasters of Long 
Island Sound, and the dwellers around Noank, become 
voluntary recruits and willing foragers to bring in new 
species and "queer critters," which, like the dreams and 
visions of the Persian kings, seek interpretation. 

Two weeks ago, July 30th, we gave engravings in our 
paper of the egg and young of the skate, (the printer 
transposed the two, so that the embryotic egg assumed to 
be the living fish), and also an engraving of the full-grown 
fish dissected, showing the eggs in their natural position, 
and the use of those curious horns that pertain to the egg, 
and by which tliey cling to the ovaries and hold the egg 
firmly thereto. This, we are informed, is the only illustra- 
tion of the kind extant, and is considered a great rarity 
and very valuable. Prof. Agassiz, in dissecting a skate in 
the presence of his class last year at Peuikese, discovered 
the eggs in their natural position. lie expressed the 
greatest surprise -and gratification at the discovery, and 
announced to the students that, this was a sight seldom 
vouchsafed to mortal eyes ; that in all his experience he 
had seen but one case previously. 

We have now ready for publication two equally curious 
subjects One is a young squid (or, octopus, cephalopod, 
ink-fish, cuttle-fish, el cetera, et alia), just emerged from the 
egg. This wc shall print next week. The other appears 
in our article of to-day, and represents the famous tadpole, 
from which the human race is facetiously said to be des- 
cended, its structure bearing close resemblance to the 
human anatomy, and the peculiar appearance of Ihe cell 
work of its tail having caused him to be considered as the 
lowest of the vertebrates. 

We take especial pride in forestalling the scientific book- 
makers in producing these rare and curious things, and 
owe, with our readers, a lasliug obligation to those gentle- 
men of Hie Fishery Commission who have enabl 
do so. 



THE PIGEON SHOOTING TOURNAMENT. 



WE have been advised by the President of the Ni- 
agara Falls Shooting Club that said club will 
hold a pigeon shooting tournament at Niagara Fall- 
on the 9th, 10th, lllh, and 12th of Septembei 
money prizes of value from $3,001) to -So,U0iJ, classed 
in each shool as one, tv, o, three, four, and five moneys 
— ties of ten shot off for first, and so on through; then 
a grand "free for all," say $3,000 in money, in the 
same way. Birds are ordered, coops are building, and 
committees are appointed on railtoad reduction of rates, 
and all are vigorously preparing tor Ihe event. The Inter- 
national Hotel will reduce their rate one dollar, making 
it $3 50 per day. Carnages, and all other charges in and 
about the place will be materially reduced lo rales that 
cannol fail to be satisfactory to all. By resolution, all the 
members are appoiuled a reception committee. 

Under t lie auspices of this strong and vet'} energetic 
club, the tournament cannot fail of complete success. Emu- 
lous of rival organizations throughout the State, it is de- 
termined not to be outdone at Syracuse, Oswego, or 
Walerlown. and we have no doubt that more pigeons will 
be shot, better scores be made, bigger prizes be won, more 
money be spent, a larger assembly be present, and a better 
time generally be had, than at any other similar meeting 
hitherto held, or to come for ihe next half century. Cer- 
tainly, Hie incident'!! BUiroundiugS of Niagara Falls are 
sufficient in themselves to make the tournament attractive. 
One thing, however, we do regret, and that is, that this 
club should have selected the day assigned for the meeting 
of the National Convention as the first day of its shoot. 
No side show ot this kind is necessary to tempt the attend- 
:,,,., ., ■ nilemen who propose to meet for II. o sole object 
of devising the best method to protect and preserve our 
game. Not one serious, earnest delegate the more will be 
present in consequence of the tournament. The club 
might just as well, and with greater propriety, have post- 
poned its festivities until the following day, without in Ihe 
least degree jeopardizing its mechanical harmony or its 
prospects of success. We shall always oppose the mixing 

up of bllSineSS Willi pleasure and llie association of holiday 

pastimes with the proceedings of a deliberative body. We 
regard the action of the Niagara Falls club in bringing 
these two widely diverse and divergent, objects into juxta- 
position as impolitic in the exireiue. Its direct tendency, 
as we know from conversation with gentlemen that might 
lie named, is to alienate those persons whose, intelligent co- 
operation and knowledge of the subject, are most, valuable, 
mid really indispensable. There is not Hie slightest kin- 
ship or harmony la I ween the destruction erf pigeons at a 
trap and the legislating foi the protection and propagation 
of game. We make no objection to the pastime of pigeon 
shooting, though not enthusiastic in that line of sport. We 
hope for the Niagara Falls tournament every possible suc- 
cess; but we wish the localities of the Convention and the 
Tournament were as wide apart and remote as their objects 
are divergent. 

That the objects of the Convention have received the 
consideration of spoilsmen at large, and that the call has a 
widespread approval, we doubt not. This is manifested in 
the haste of at least one Western State to respond, namely, 
Ohio. This Slate has appointed u delegation for the Sep- 
tember meeting composed of Colonel C, W. Wooley, of 
Cincinnati; lion. A. T. Brinsniade, of Cleveland: C. 1*. 
Brigham, of Toledo; Harvey II. Brown, of Cleveland, and 
C. A Logan, of Cincinnati, each delegate being empow- 
ered lo cleel a sub-delegation of five. 

We trust that other States will be as fully and as ably 

ri ited Itisi'mportanl that the Convention should 

be full, for this can scarcely be regarded as anything else 
than a preliminary meeting to devise some basis for future 
action, and some general ground plan upon which lo con- 
struct that legislative Contrivance, so much desired, which 
shall essentially remedy the evils and object ions Unit now 
attach lo existing game laws. 1.1 is equally important, loo, 
thai the Convention should adjourn to a day sufficiently 
distant to ensure a full consideration of the subject aud Ihe 
receipt of such schemes as wisdom or ingenuity may =uggesi 
and present, 

-*•*. - 

Kkoi.imi Gentlemen Hintlno en the West —Private 
advices from Deliver inform us that the Bar! exf Duiiraven 
is hunting in. the neighborhood of Estes Park, and that 
lately the Earl had u contest with a mountain lion, which 

wi'h the assistance of Dr. Kiugsley, was bauds : 

sptilclied. The Earl of Duiiraven will possibly later in 
the season push further West. English gentlemen ou the 
p dus iu i now may bA.v« DppprtU , .y of witnessing 

quite warm ivirfk, and of itipiriirj Hi,' I. | ■■ ■ i 
Indian warfare which M, Le Comle de I'm is states islhe 
cradle, or Ihe primary school of ihe American soldier. We 
ShOUld siiongly advise that in certain regions of tbe far 
West, great precaution Should be used. The Indian is no 
respecter of nationalities, and we should regret to hear 
thai any gentleman from the other side had lost bis scalp. 
Three years ago, a party of seven, two of them English 
gentlemen of rank aid fortune, the party fortunately un- 
der command of a well known Indian fighter, had a gal- 
lant but rather liail !n m It ii i -cttpc from the Apaches. It 
Wa8 B Stand up light .or one day. and a running one for 
uyee days, and oecpi Lvelj The Indians 

1 ped off, but a very ugly scar, somewhat 
disarranging tin pari . the hair, will be a memento of 
"I' which a plucky English gentleman w ill cany wilb. 



FOREST AND STREAM, 



him to his grave. We will repeat bis modestly told ac- 
count of the affair, as he related it. Said he:— 

"I couldn't tell exactly how I gol it. Just think of l he beg- 
gars bagging almost Bvery borsewe bad. Two of na went in 
Tor reprisals, and wantednt least Rome of their ponies. They 
were, pushing us hard, and two bucks (that is 1he approved 
phraseology) let their little horses cul abend of them as a lure. 
They were bold, because lliey thought ihoy bad us. J. had a 
Wes'tley Richards, and I bad a Kemingion. The black- 
guards' absolutely bantered us. 1 wanted h horse to take 
home, so badly. ' We made a bold face and pitched in to 
them, J. tired at a handsome fellow, and I think only 
grazed him, hut I fancy I fetched the other, (that's the 
phraseology again I believe,) and I made tor the pony, 
that was somehow tangled up in his lariat. I thought both 
of the Indians were down, and had my hand on the horse's 
head, hut he did'nt like me, and snorted, and kicked when 
the other red skin, wounded as lie was, (for J. had only 
touched him), tired at me at almost point blank. 1 never 
knew 1 was hurl until 1 found a kind of warm 
shower-bath of blood most blinding me. Poor devil of a 
savage, I did'nt have the heart to kill him, some body else 
did, but I got the- little beast. 1 think killing those two 
young braves took the heart out of thern as it did out of 
me, but they were the aggressors. Beastly practice, seal ping. 

is it; not? Well, air, would yon believe it, J lavished my 
affections on that Indian horse, bul it was love's labor 
I wanted to take him home, but al Omaha I swopped him 
Off for a jack knife, (phraseology aeain, excuse it), That 
horse lulled civilization, while "men," and law and order. 
Bui I assure you, I would not have missed thai, little skrim- 
mage on the I .■_■',, ': .'-.... ■ . foi a great deal, though having 
seen the pleasure of ii once, 1 givejyou my word of honor, 
once in a life time a mess of that kind is quite sufficient. 
Scalping is beastly. Your people ought never to scalp." 

The Pinnated Grouse n? England.— Since printing 
our statement last week regarding the failure of the first 
attempt to plant pinnated grouse in England, we have re- 
ceived the following note from Mr. Valentine, who first 
instituted the experiment, to which we have lent what 
co-operation we could. We are glad to know that Mr. 
Valentine is determined not, to give it up, and that he does 
not despair of eventual success. 

J ANF.svna.K, Wis., August i, 1874. 
Kditou Forest and Stream: — 

Yours of the 3d, containing result of our experiment 
w : th grouse eggs in England is at hand, I am very sorry 
they hatched so badly, hut considering all things, ii is not 
to be wondered at. The season WOS well advanced when 
the eggs were gathered and the weather was warm. There 
had been a hard tain storm a few days previous, which had 
soiled them badly, and 1 have since learned thai, they could 
have been packed better. The batching of ihe three 
proves at least thai (he eggs can be -hipped great distances 
and be hatched, and next year i shall try it again, and 
lake more pains in packing. 1 shall now make arm ngc 
ments for gathering a goodly cjtiaiitity of eggs early next 
spring. Also for obtaining this fall' some live birds of 
both pinnated and sharptailetl varieties, which I propose 
sending to Mr. 11. J. L. Price, North Wales. I can Obtain 
any quantity of live birds. I propose to introduce these 
birds* into England, and shall keep at it until I make a 
success of it. "Yours, truly, Richard Yaientike. 

P. S.— I have received several letters from commission 
merchants in England requesting shipments of eggs or 
birds to them. If you have any such inquiries, please say- 
that I am not Interesting myself in this matter for Ihe pur- 
pose of making money. Ii any gentlemen in England, 
however, desire to obtain a lot of live birds, I will procure 
them for them, and if necessary accompany them in tran- 
situ, and see them well cared for. Birds are reported 
plenty this season all through the West. We have more 
here than for several years past. 

A Rare Opportunity. — We desire to call attention, 
through an advertisement that appears in oui paper, lo an 
opportunity seldom offered to sportsmen for the purchase 
of Canadian shooting and fishing leases, offering the very- 
best facilities for sport in both branches. There are three 
of these leases. As to the reserve at Point Pelee, in Lake 
Erie, our readers have been repeatedly informed through 
our columns. The fishing can hardly be surpassed. The 
shooting on all three is among the best that Canada af- 
fords, and game can be multiplied indefinitely by protec- 
tion. The leases run for tweuty-one years, and, as they 
are for Ordnance Lands, will probably go at a low figure. 
This matter is really worthy the attention of our sports- 
men, most of whom spend more time and money, annu- 
ally, in search of desirable ranges than is. required lo pur- 
chase either one of these valuable tracts. 
■♦♦*■ 

Wisconsin State Sportsman's Association.— The prom- 
inent sportsmen of Wisconsin, who are interested in the 
preservation of fish and game, have called a convention al 
Portage City. August 18th, for the organization of a Slate 
Sportsmen's Association. All sportsmen arc invited lo at- 
tend, and contribute to the success of the enterprise, winch 
we trust will be such a one as the State may well be proud 
of. Everything appears favorable for a large and success- 
ful gathering. 

Messrs. G. & H. T. Anthony, photographers, of No. 591 
Broadway, have published a series of views of objects of 
interest in Blooming Grove Park, including the Club House, 
Deer Park, Game-keeper's Lodge, &c. These, beautiful 
scenes of hunting, shooting and fishing are now on sale, at 
the Messrs. Anthony's gallery, and can also be purchased 
of the President of the Association, Edward R. Wilbur, 
Esq. , No. 40 Fulton street. 

■*»»■ 

To Advertisers. — We print but three pages of adver- 
tisements this week, having cleaned out every particle of 
dead wood and discontinued several yearly favors which 
have expired with the close of the volume. Should our 
patrons desire a tcnewal, they will oblige us by an early 
notification, as we shall keep the ur.itler standing for a 
short time. 



[from our special correspondent.] 

THE English hni'ij Td,:ijr,q,h is again the I&llgMDg 
stock of the London press, For alas, the story of the 
light between the man and the bull dog has turned oul to 
be but a delusion and a snare, and but the dream of their 
special commissioner I was wrong in attributing il to Mr. 
G. A. Sala. and I hasten to correct my error-. The article 
in question waswritten by a Mr. Greenwood, and he is well 
known in London circles as the " Amateur Casual," from a 
lucky hit he made -. lew yoats ago by disguising himself 
as a tramp and visiting a metropolitan workhouse, the 
description of what he saw there being published in a se 1- 
sational letter iu the Times. 

As it may be imagined, ins paper on the scene lie wit- 
nessed at. Hanley made a great noise, and the authorities 
in Ihe town made every effort to discover (he originators 
of this brutal diversion, but without the .smallest success. 
The policemen know nothing about it, and a liberal reward 
has failed to lempt any of'tlie pitmentodisclo.se any. 
thing about it, though they have nothing to fear and everv 
thing to gain by the disclosure. Lastly, the- secretary ol 
the society for the prevention of cruelty lo animals has 
taken Mr. Greenwood down to the scene of the combat, 
but when there he failed to recognize the spot and could 
only point out the iun where he first met the dwarf who 
fought the dog. The landlord of the tavern denies this 
fact, and the public journals have arrived at no other con- 
clusion than that the story is an entire fabrication. 

To a sportsman, oi rather to a sporting man, there are 
several glaring inconsistencies in the simple talc. The 
lighting do- of the pitman is not the bull dog, but the bull 
terrier. The bull dog is a quiet, good naturcd brute, wil b 
no mouth that can punish his antagonist. He can only 
hold on tight and allow himself to be cut to pieces joint by 
joint without a groan. Bul the bull terrier is a very diff- 
erent animal. Quick and active as a puma, brave as it 

mouth and sharp teelhlike a surgeon's knife, and open 
gashes which soon let out the life of the creature he at- 
tacks, This is the dog thai the collier would have pitted 
against "Brummy, the dwarf." But '-our special com- 
missioner," evidently a Londoner, believes a bull dog to be 
iir proper thing, and forgets all about tlta iastinftt of the 
breed which makes him "hold on," and so he represents 
him as biting and then letting go, The fact of the man 
being chained also looked suspicious and written for effect. 

The amateur championship of the Thames was decided 
on Wednesday , the final heat being rowed between Mr. A 
C. Dicker, of St. John's college, Cambridge, the holder of 
the sculls, and Mr. W. H. Eyre, of the Thames Bowing 
Club, and it resulted in the easy defeat of the latter. The 
river was very smooth, there being but a slight breeze suf- 
ficient only lo cool "the 'eated kafmosphere," as the cock- 
neys call it, and there were plenty of those who came to 
see and be seen. The umpire was a Mr. Brifikwood; who 
informer days has held the palm himself, and was there- 
fore well qualified lo judge who should hold it now. Al. 
thirteen minutes past seven Mr. Se.-irle gave them the word 
to go, and straightway the Cambridge man, getting to work 
at once, drove his light craft a quarter of a length ahead 
in the first three or four strokes, Mr. Eyre seeming stiff and 
slow to i begin. At the steamboat pier Mr. Dicker led by 
half a length, and was sculling with great power, while his 
opponent pulled short and in bad form. A little farther 
on it was evident that there was only one man iu the race, 
aud when Mr. Dicker passed under Hammersmith Bridge 
in 10m. 8s. he led by a clear five lengths, and his backers 
were shouting themselves black in ihe face. Opposite Bit- 
ten's Wharf the behinduiost sculler spurted vigorously, 
bul could not catch the cantab, who, however, lost some 
ground by making a mistake in going too near the Middle- 
sex shore. After this Mr. Dicker drew gradually away, 
and when the wished for gaol was reached he had won by 
100 yards in 25m. -to 2-.~>s., the race being rowed out by Mr. 
Eyre, who had not the smallest chance. 

The sale of Mr. Richard Garth, Q. C.'s, pointer's and 
setters was very interesting to sportsmen, as the area! ce- 
lebrity, Drake.' well known at field trials, where 'he had 
won a large quantity of important prizes, was to be put up 
without reserve. This fiue old pointer, though seven years 
and upwards, has not lost his extraordinary powers, and is 
as good in the field as ever, though he has not lately ap- 
peared iu public. He has been in his day most popular at 
the stud, and ha boasts a long and excellent pedigree, trac- 
ing back to the Spanish breed. The peculiarity in Drake 
was 'dropping" on his point instead of standing lo birds, 
arid siuee he introduced it this practice has become much 
adopted, as a dog is far steadier when "dropped" than 
when standing, though this steadiness is acquired by the 
loss of all "style," and there, is no grand picture in the 
i nan's foreground. Besides tills, a "dropped" dog 
cannot be seen if the cover be at all high, as it often is, on 
the moors. The chief point in Drake's performances » as 
Ids wonderful speed, which has never been surpassed. 
After much competition, he was knocked down to Mr. 
Lloyd Price, of Bala, North Wales, at 15U guineas, and as 
Mr. Price owns Belle, the champion pointer hitch, he will 
now have as good a pair as any man in England, or perhaps 
the best. Mr. Garth's entire kennel sold for £685. Of the 
setters Rob, by Mr, Stat ter's celebrated Rob Roy, fetched 
(hirly seven guineas. Bloom, with two puppies, brought 
ep guineas, and Bess, by Fawke's Rap, £86. 



Doll, a pointer bitch, sold for fifty-five guineas; Major, by 
Drake, went for sixty-seven guineas, and the average price 
for setters was £22, and for pointers £32, but some pup 
ptes broughl down the average, and at auction 
and setters seldom fetch large prices, as there is no oppi 
tunily for trying them in the field. 

I' '-'has reproduced this week a copy of the en- 

graving of the Michigan grayling, which appeared iu 
Forest and Stream, and 1 may venture to add that this 
paper is very much increasing in circulation ,;. I a 
English leaders. The article on the grayling identifies the 
Michigan fish with the Arctic grayling, but the « riter is al 
a loss to aceouut.for its having get into its present -. [tore, 
and il seems there is a way lot accounting for the hair on 
the cocoauut, but not for the milk inside. Mr. Francis 
Francis has been writing some interesting papers oil -nl- 
moii fishing, aud he seems to have had much sport with 
the blue aud yellow phantom minnows in Loch Tay and 
other lakes and streams. He says that a lady actually 
caught two fiue fish in one day, whilst her husband had no 
sport for three weeks. So the vicissitudes of fishing seeni 
precarious. 

Iu (he parish of Oddington a vixen has chosen for tin 
acconchment hospital Ihe pulpit of an oid unused church, 
and her cubs arc allowed to be unmolested in the strange 
place where they first saw the light. There seems to be ai: 
abundant supply of foxes, as I read that nine cabs weft 
round in one litter last week at Devize's, but they fell into 
bad hands. Otter hunting fc, still in full swing. Mr. Cheii- 
ton's hounds met at New Bridge, on ihe river Taw, last 
v. i ak, and aftei an exciting hunt of two hours the oiler, a 
fine old dog of twenty-five pounds, was broken np, bat tint 
until he had shown them fine sport, and led (hem a merry 
dance down tbe stream; On Saturday these same hounds 
met again, and I can well believe that there isno sport so 
thrilling as otter hunting, though you don't want horse 
flesh, and have to gel up very early iu the morning. This 
time "the varmint" was killed in an old quarry pit, which 
had been improvised by Lord Forlcscuc as a, shelter for 
fish. Perhaps no better compliment could be paid his 
lord-hip's judgment than the fact that this beast took up 
his quarters there, for il showed that Ihe fish also fre- 
quented it. One of the Spectators says it was a grand 
sight to see Ihe waters of the still, black pool lying placidly 
in the midst of a wealth of yellow gorse aud purple heather 
loam again, as the hounds drove through the water "lo a 
gaze," and hunted ihe quarry from holt to holt and strong- 
hold to stronghold. These rough hounds ;..re exceedingly 
picturesque, and the Carlisle pack have often formed the 
subject of charming sketches by Laudseer, Frederick Tay- 
lor, and oilier animal painters of "ton" aud genius. 

lUSTORE, Jli . 



$ie Hmnel. 



THE SENSATION OF HYDROPHOBIA. 

I was surprised to see appear, from a black cabinet, peo- 
ple who spoke to me; then enormously long rats ran along 
the furniture, always by the side. The illusion was such 
that at first 1 often changed my position to convince myself 
whether it was an illusion or a reality. Afterward falling 
stars appear at a moment when I least expected them, al- 
ways from the internal to the external angle of the eye, 
which forced me instinctively to turn my head. Simulta- 
neously I was seized with trembling of the skin and a feel- 
ing of unspeakable horror. In the place of darkness, 01 
during the night, my room appeared illuminated us by a 
flash of lightning. At lust, seeing that nothing- would 
arrest the mysterious agent, I had recourse to the datum 
stfumensirum, or thorn apple of Peru. A Catholic mis- 



some difficulty] 
u effect, when 
fireworks, or 
ny limbs, from 
j of the skin a 
•ompanied by a 
ling of terror 
eyes. I re- 
BineS to me I 
. :e vital mortal 
principles, the latter of which endeavored to impose itself, 
tyrannically, tike a denominating power, against which all 
the active lorces reached with a superhuman energy; A: 
the same moment I became delirious, and lost "all con- 
sciousness. 

in the delirium the dominant idea of 
f endeavoring lo repossess his 
i this slate the convulsions be- 
y arc always accompanied with 
, and thfl necessity of reaction 
force is p,odigiousIv increased -. 
weight of the body is no impedi- 
LS only necessary to make Ihe 
u-lli, as in certain dreams. The 
of the legs causes a sudden fall, 
when lie becomes perfectly rigid. He realizes he has fallen, 
when tie is restored to consciousness by the shock of the 
fall, and he arises quickly. The nervous excitement is 
such that he is very nearly insensible to pi.in. 'Ihe figures 
of the most familiar persons appear furious, threatening 
and provoking ; and contrary to the general sentiment of 
terror which one feels internally from concussions, one is 
intrepid and ready to brave all exterior dangers. The par- 
oxysms commenced al half past two in the afternoon, At 
ten o'clock in the evenitig Ihe remedy began to take effect, 
and theuexi day Duly a great prostration is felt. The in- 
valid attributed all the phenomena of the delirium to the 
gas produced in the organic tissues by ihe influence of the 
virus. — Cotirrirr Dei Mtttii Urns. 



sionary had inform 


.-(1 me 


of its wonderful 


years ago. I took 




one; dose of it, fot 


and commenced t 


i wri 


e, although with 


Half an hour after 




ncdv had not tak( 


suddenly a strong 


deciri 


! convulsion, lik 


rather like a puff o 


E steal 


i, ran tkroughai] 


head to fool, prodi 


cing i 


i the entire siirfat 


general trembling i 


ml se 


i.-aiioe. of heat. a< 


disposition to fly, 






It seemed to me is 






bounded as if unr 




o a stl ing. It. si 


was engaged iu a d 


eadlv 


loinbat between t 



The path 




is in t 


restraining 




and 


faculties 






came more 


frcqueii 


. i'l 


the same se 


i limenl 


of fei 


aud flight. 


The m 


iseuh 


lie is uilho 


u fatigi 


e; th 


menl to the 


limbs ; 


it see 


attempt to s 
contraction 


kirn ovt 
of the i 


r the 

lUSOll 



to 



FOREST AND STREAM. 



JUDGING ON THE SHOW BENCH.— NO. 4. 

THE BULL-DOG. 

Head wide between the pars; cars small, disposed to fall 
forward and gel wide apart; eyes black, wide apart;fore- 
hcad prominent, making* deep "stop:' or indentation be- 
tween the nose and the forehead. The face as short as 
possible, deeply wrinkled; muzzle deep and broad; nose 
large, with open nostrils, lower jaw pr< jecting; neck strong; 
shoulders broad; chest deep and wide; 'lore logs muscular 
and straight ; bind legs Straight, hocks scarcely bent at all; 
feel round; back short; loin not so well developed to ap- 

; i as in other breeds, the immense width of shoulder 

taking the strong appearance off. Nothing is more hateful 
than the waspv and '■cul-in-two-in-the-middlo" appearance 
that some of liie -rent cracks have, having the appear nee 
of two distinct breed.-, put together. Hindquarters well 
formed; tail going' off fine at the point often Indited. 

I load 301 Hind -quarters 10 

Ctaasl 20 Legs I 

Shoulders tSlFeet 5 

Buck 1(1 Tail 5 

—100 

THE OTTER-HOUND. 

The head should be at a mixture in appearance of the 
fox-hound with the rough-and-ready appearance of the 
real old large rough Scotch terrier breed of thirty years 
ago; but still at the same time, ought to have a certain 
amount of dignity; I would go so Ear as to say the otter- 
bound's head should have all the dignity of the blood- 
hound's; forehead long, with a crashing look in the jaw, 
so that he may lav hold of the loose skinned otter and re- 
tain his hold while almost being drowned; nostrils large; 
lips pendent; neck strong, long, and muscular, with a cer- 
tain amount of throaliness: chest deep, rather narrow, but 
well ribbed up, but a little laxity is allowed in the loose- 
ness of loin; shoulders powerful, slooping well back; arms 
and thighs strong and muscular; feet a little open and web- 
bed between the toes; coat bard, wiry, and plenty of it, 
close and thick at bottom, but not over short! the stern 
should be moderately coaled, but not so as lo he termed 
flagged, and should get less towards the tip; colors black, 
white mixed with pale tan, or grey free from brown and 
buff; general appearance "harum-scarum," or "devil-may- 
care," giving the impression of a scamp neither afraid of 
land, rock, or water, hut at home anywhere, and able to 
take his own part. 

lleetil 351 Back.,., 10 

Neck 5 Loin 10 

Legs inbtin.d-qHailiT* -..15 

Shoulder. - .'.'." ; 0?';" 1 \m 

— h'lttH'kr'.i Gazette. 

-»«»- 

— "Mohawk " seems determined to have at least some of 
the best blood of England and Ireland in his kennel. He 
is expecting by the next steamer from Liverpool a bitch 
called "Vivid?' one of Mr. Macdona's kennel. "Vivid" 
is sister to "Music," winner of the puppy stakes at the 
Yaynol Field trials of 1873. She is by Pluuket, Broma, 
&0, " Vivid " is in whelp to the celebrated dog, " Ranger." 
We shall now have some of the progeny of the wonderful 
animal which has won nearly every field trial he ever was 
entered for. Plunket's get has been almost equally good 
on the show bench and in the open at field trials. This 
combined strain ought to produce great wonders. 

— We may aspect a fine littei of puppies from Mohawk's 
Macdona's setter, Kirby, and Raymond-Lavarack dog, 
Pride of the Border. Also, Mohawk's pointer bitch; Bay- 
lor, presented him by Mr. Macdona, and Mr. Sam. Coil's 
black pointer dog, "Phil." 

liK.-.isi ..m. QfOW \SiT,-o.Mii,i>. Mihli.. Aug, i.-t 10th, 1874. 
" Edit 



■On 



in I y 



the e 



„ u „,l i 


li. ieii.-v. M. -.lo- 
in night. It. i* 
ii mire rare, if 


c-Koon o 


• Friinklin, Del. 
1, liver-colored. 


.iiirhlircd 


•mdoubtedly 



i ii, k-jiowsAVllfiie to do his actvertii-i 
,,i,t, ra :. pup li'.. in hnn may be confident, i 
rely dealt with. Such, at least, has beet 



\\n Jjarse nyd jfeoursc. 



—The Buffalo Park Association closed its ninth annual 
mediae on August 7th, with the following events. The 
first race was adash for the3:31 class, Eleven horses were 
entered ten of which started for a purse of $4,000, Flcely 
Golddust won the race in three Straight heats— time, 2::S2f, 
2-20}, 2:22*. The second race was for a purse of $7,500 
for 2-20 horses. Red Cloud won the three last heals in 
2-18 2:184, 2:21. The great event of the meeting was 
Goldsmith Maid's extraordinary performance of beating 
uer unmatched time of 2in. Goldsmith Maid, accompa- 
nied by running mate at tier wheel, trotted the first heat in 
v IK, '' In th,.s. :•:::■;! l:;;t.k.; ma .".■ t . k:p. Midline i.i 

citeinent on I lie course was immense, the Spectators on the 
stand rising e.n masse, cheering Budd Dobie. her driver, as 
tin fastest time ever made by a trolling horse in the world. 
—The Saratoga Racing Association held the first day of 
the second mc tin:; ■ .n Saturday. August 8th. The heavy 

rain of the i.i- etore made Ihc track heavy, and the 

time made by the winner- was consequently indifferent. 
The first event was the Kentucky stakes, Qhesapeake won 
in |1 -ISi wiih .lames A. second', ami Willie Burke third. 
The second iaoe was the lifth renewal of the summer 
handicap., a dash of two miles. There were seven entries. 
Survivor had a little the best of the start, but was soon 
overtaken by Lizzie Lucas and the Zaidee filly, which to- 



gether led, being several lengths ahead of Culpepper. 
Lizzie, entered the home stretch three lengths ahead, the 
Zaidee next, Lizzie Lucas came in first," Culpepper and 
Qateshy following. Time, 3:30*. 

In the steeple chase handicap, George West, Bullet, 
Vesuvius, and Lobelia started. The nice lay between West 
and Bullet, both of which jumped the last two hurdles 
together, and ran tt neck and neck race up ilie home 
stretch. AS 7 est was just able to win by a short head in 
5:514. The rest nowhere. 

The races continued at Saratoga on August 1ll.li. The 
first race was the Kenner stakes, distance two miles, for 
three year olds, $100 entrance, the association adding 
ftl.OOO! Out of the li ft V four nominations only four horses 
came lo the post Stampede won the race by three lengths ; 
Acrobat secdndj and Reform third. Time, 3:42. The 
second race was a mile and a half dash. Pellowcraft came 
in first, Katie Pease second and Governess third. Time. 
2:42i, The third event was I he selling race, and was won 
by Oatesbv, B. I'\ Carver second and London third. Time, 

Stilt 

— The Utir.a Park Association held the first day of the 
meeting on August 111 li. The citv is full of strangers at 
tending the races, the weather is 'delightfully fine and the 
track in splendid condition. Tt is understood that either 
Smuggler or Goldsmith Maid will trot against, time for a 
special purse of $5,000. The following horses are here and 
have been entered : Monarch, jr., winner of the '2:34 race 
at Cleveland and Buffalo ; Thomas Jefferson, winner of 
the 110,000 stallion race at Buffalo ; Bod'nie. winner of the 
2:24 race at Cleveland ; Magnolia,, winttet of the 2:88 purse 
at Cleveland ; Fleetv Golddust, winner of the 2:31 purse at 
Buffalo ; Nashville, "jr., winner at Cleveland ; Lucille Mold- 
dust, winner of the 2:20 race at, Buffalo ; Kansas Chief, 



L. Young. George -lucid. Grace, George B. Daniels, Hun- 

Brother Jonathan. George li. Mitchell, Sensation, Smug- 
gler and Henry. In the" pacing race for SI, 000, Copper- 
hottom, Billy 'Hooper, Defiance !»d Sleepy Gave have 'been 
entered. We an: indebted to Charles VV. llutehins, Esq., 
of the Ulica Park Association for the kind courtesies ex- 
tended to us. The opening race, purse of $3,000, for horses 
that had never beaten 2:34, mile heats, best three in five, 
was won by Monarch, Jr. ; Reserve second; time, 2:27, 
2&H; 2:264. The second race, same day, was for a purse 
of $4,000, for horses that, had never beaten 3:24, Bodine 
won in three straight heats, Thomas Jefferson second; time, 
2:2U, 2:23i, 2:2(iT. 

—The Board of Directors oi the Rochester Driving Park 
Association will give a purse of £1, 000 to any horse that 
will beat Goldsmith Maid's time of 2:15| on their, track 
during the meeting. 

The above purse has been increased lo 10,000. and the 
horses entered for it aie Goldsmith Maid. Judge Fullertoti, 
American Girl and Henry. 

—At Montreal, on August olh. the lifleen mile trotting 
race at Decker Park, beiw.-u Quebec Boy and Ginla was 
won by the latter in 47 minutes and 20 sivonds. 

—Col. Richard Tenbroeck, the well known race hon-e 
owner, was shot by Gen. Walker Whilaker. at Gilman's 
Station, near Louisville, Kv., on August 8th, and it is re- 
ported is mortall,' wounded. It will be remembered that 
Col. Tenbroeck look several horses lo England some years 
ago. Among the number was Umpire, who ran fourth in 
the English Dei by. also Prior >tntl Prioress, the latter win- 
ning the Czarovit'eh slakes. 

—Mr. ('. U. Mosber, the driver of Joe Ripley, at Lowell, 
last, week, had reached lhc half-mile pole, when one of the 
traces b-oke, but, he carefully reached down and secured 
the end of the trace, keeping his horse clown to work, act- 
ing as one end of Ilie whipple-lrees throughout lhc; heat, 
and winning it in .2:37}. 

—The Monmouth Park Association will hold an extra 
meeting on August 20th and the three following days. 
Appended are the particulars ; - 

First day, Wednesday, August 26. First race— purse, 
$350, for all ages: $150 to the second horse. Dash; three- 
quarters of a mil.:. 

Second race— Steward's Cup, $500 in gold for three.- vear- 
plds. Mile heals, winners five pounds extra. Those beaten 
twice- allowed live pounds. 8100 1" lhc second horse. 

Third race— Hurdle face- Purse $5t>0. $75 to the. second 
horse. 825 lo the third horse. Mil.- heals over four hurdles. 
Horses to earn wcller weights uf 2S pounds. Three, u 

more to start. 

Scenic! day. Thuisd ay. August 27. First race— Selling 
in. i ..pin si- .-s.",t)ti for all ages, one and one half miles, winner 

Second rac'e — Purse $500, for two-year-olds^ one mile. 

Third race— I'tirse. §1,300 fur all ti'gt^. tour mile heats, 
$1,000 For the first. $300 to the second, $100 to Hie third 
horse. 

Third day, Saturday. Augusl 2!l. First race— I'm 'Se $500 
for all ages: mile beat-, uinners c:xeludeet, S400 lo the tirsl, 

$U)0 tO the se. Olid hoi-e. 

See 1 race- 'Consolation purse, $350. Dash of mile and 

a half lor be, ten horses. 

Third race- -Sleep ",- chase, purse $BQ0, over the usual 

course; $400 to the first, $75 to the sec I, $25 U the third 

horse. Three or inore to start Entries lo be made up by 
4 P M , Augusl 36. Ii will he so that a heat race will be 
run each dnv, and in addition to Hie above a two-year-old 

stake has been opened, the dale of which is not yet fixed. 

■♦•♦ — 

CHASE OF \ BoksB; — Recently, says the Detroit F)ec 
I'ii.-..-.. as the engineci of the morning passenger I rain going 

west on the Dei roit and Milwaukee Buad had reached -a 
point three miles beyond the Junction, he saw a bnrse on 

the lraqk ahead. I l'e •■(Ooled" at the animal, bul lhc- horse 
waited unlit the locomolivc wa- at his hcoG. and then 
turned and ran The bell tang and tin- whistle screamed, 
hut the horse kept the irack for a full mile, and then leaped 
off and lei the iron moiisiei rust, past him. I lo was there 
next morning to repeal the saute operation, and continued 
it with the greatest regularity, until Wednesday morning: 
he then extended the race further than usual, being in uu- 
usuallv good spirits. Coming to a cattle guard, he hesi- 
tated an instant before making'the jump, and ihc cow catcher 
caught him. He was in the air making the leap when he 
was struck, and thrown as high as the smoke stuck, but 
came down in a pond of water, and was seen to jump up 
and gallop off as if unhurt. 



ghat §im and §ifie. 

GAME IN SEASON FOR AUGUST. 



■I,: I, i 



i in Misson- 
i*vh, August 
and IVnu- 
;y, ii,. !l 



tuatjtog 



— A quail district, which we know from observation to 
be good, is at Barnegat, New Jersey, -,-iir Tuckerton Rail- 
road, where we spent two days last week. We could bear 
the birds whistling in all direct ions, and permission can 
readily lie obtained from most of the farmers lo shoot oven 
their ground, Here also a few English snipe an to be 
found, with curlew, yellow legs, bay snipe, willets, Ac, in 
abundance a few days hence. Wo saw a, flock of curlew 
numbering si hundred or so. In its season, Barnegat Bay 
is one of the best ducking points known on the coast, being 
filled with duck, geese, and brant, and there are innumera- 
ble good points and thoroughfares where they can be 
StOOled. A Hock of two hundred black clucks passed over 
the, bay on Friday last. Selection can be made of a dozen 
experienced gunners, who are provided with yachts, sneak- 
boats, and decoys. From its accessibility Barnegat Bay 
ought lo be: a, preferred resort of sportsmen from New 
York to Philadelphia. The Bay can be reached by South- 
ern Railroad of New Jersey, or Pennsylvania Central vtd 
Trenton. 

— Bay birds have made their appearance at Salem, Mass 
achusetts, scattering and in small bunches. 

—A few friends have had some rare sporl during the [est 
month along the base of the Short Hills, which face the 
eastern slope of the Blue Ridge, in Loudoun county, \a,., 
not far from Snicker's Gap, after woodcock, comparatively 
a new field, and very prolific. The oldest inhabitant 
(colored) in that section says the swamps are very little 
hunted except, for the coons and opossums. A Mr. 
Walker of Washington City, bagged thirty cock in a half 
day's shooting. There promises to be tine sport in quail 
season; in that section the whole country is alive with 
them. 

— "Bedford" wriles from Shelbyville, Tennessee, Aug. 
10th, that quail arc very abundant in that, vicinity this 
seas, hi, there being no rain in June and July to drown the 
young ones. 

—The Buckeye Shooting Club of Warren, Ohio, held 
their lonrnament on August 6th and 7th. In. the single- 
bird sweepstake of five single rises at twenty-one yards, E. 
C. Hinsdale, of Syracuse, took the (hat prize, and E. 1 1. 
Hudson of Syracuse the second. The regular match, {up 
single birds, twenty one yards, was won by E. H. Hudson 
of Syracuse, prize, if? 1 00 ; second, §75, won by M. D. 
Phelps Of Bristol, Ohio; third, $50, by F. AVil-on ■•! 
Warren, Ohio; fourth, $35, by .1. S. Kennell of Warren, 
Ohio, and the fifth, $1(T, by W. J. Foarrar of Cleveland. 
Ohio. Hudson having made the best average during the 
tournament was awarded a prize of $$}. The last day was 
devoli-cl to single mid double; sweepstake sbooling. 

We have received from E. B. Barnes Esq., the Secre- 
tary, a copy of the constitution and by laws of the Tecum- 
seh Sporting Club of Nebraska, organized last month, and 
to which we have referred in a previous issue. Last week, 
Saturday, this club had a grand match hunt, nine members 
each side, in which " our stele" scoped 'em by 610 points to 
345, the losing party paying for supper for all. In scoring, 
grn 'se oounlcc! .", point-: and hawks 10. 

■ -The following mile from J. II. Batty will be read with 
interest by his numerous friends : 

Pout Benton, Montana. July, 4S74. 
Eomii: Koiikst and Stream : 

I arrived at St. Paul's after the Survey had left, and lev 
followed on titter Ihdii, and -hall overtake tie oi in a lew 
days. Same is very plentiful out here, and 1 have secured 
a large number of skins. Gary will have to look out when 
he tries to join us. as the- Sioux will "take in out of the 
wet" any single man found on the plains. 

Mr. Fox of Uus New York Tlsrnid is trying to gel, uuh 
our pally, but I don't think they will take him along. He 
wanted OIC to write for the Jhin/il, but I told him 1 could 
not. 

There is a great deal mure material here for art tele and 
sketches than in Colorado. The scouts tell me 1 will be 
among the buffalo in ten days, anil you may guess bow 
anxious I am to get a shot at them. I will writoWou again 
in a few days. J. !!. B. 

M ASsACinsin-rslii ten I. \ws.— Chief of Police E. H. Savage 
Of Boston, has caused n, be printed in poster form and 

freely distributed the following extract from Chapter 304, 
statute of 1H70, a.s amended, concerning birds. This is 
very opportune, and a timely warning to all who an- dis- 
posed to violate the laws. 

'•Whoever kills or lake:, any wild bird, (except as hen -in 
Stated,) at any season of ibeyeai.or wilfully disturbs,,,- 
destroys ibeii' nests and eggs, shall forfeit for each ollem-,- 
ten dollars. 

•'4'he following arc exceptions: Marsh, shore and beaCll 
birds, such as ' plover and sandpipers, may be killed 
after loth of July, till April 1st; black duck, summer due k, 
■and teal, after September 1st; other fresh water ducks, 
geese, all sea ducks, birds of prey, crow blackbirds, crows, 
herons, bitterns, Wilson's snipe, black breast, red breast 
aud chicken plover at any time of year, aud a license cue 
be obtained to shoot wild pigeons. 



FOREST AND STREAM. 



11 



"Whoever, nt any season of the year, Hikes. kills, i.r destroys 
!inv L'ruiic birds, by means of traps, shares, neis or Springs, 
or' gfioota br kills any water fowl, l.y ihc nscof any battery, 
swivel or pivot gun, shall forfeit, for fevery 8nch offence, 
twcmv livr dollars. Provided, thai in the propel' sea- 
son, chic may snare partridges on 1>N OwiJ land to' personal 
use, 

Whoever takes, kills, sells, boys, has i„ ppssegaion, or 
il-S for sate, auy WOQflcOCk, from .liiuuary 1st, lill July 
|Di, any partridges, from January 1st, till September 1st, 
quail, from December tfith, iill October )•">, shall for- 
I'ei't I'm every such i>ii d , twenty ft vo.dollars. 

"Possession, by anv person, Of birds mentioned as pro- 
tected in this Act', shall he prima .I'" 1 ' evidence to eonviel 
iimlrr i In' same, and one hall' of all forfeitures »h*ll be paid 
to ih Informrnri or prosecutor." 

i'iiNNKCTICUT. 

'I'lie fallowing amended game law of Conneeiieui was 
Rpprovcd July 2oth, 1874:— 

Ski "i ion 1 . No person shall. With inlcnt so in do, bc- 
mean the first day of .lannarv and ihc Hist day of July, 
and between the lasi d.-n of July and the firsi day of 
QptOper in any year, kill. destrdy, lake or capture any of 
the species of'game called woodcock. No person shall, be- 
tween ihc first day of January and Hie lirsl day of Ocioher 
in any year, kilh destroy, lake or eaplnre any of, thai 
species of game call partridge- No person shall, between 
the first day of January and Ihc lirsl day of October in any 
year, kill, destroy, take or capture anv ol thai species of 
game called quail; and no poison shall at any time with 
i'nleni >o to do, lake or deslroy Ihe nests or ihc eggs of any 
ot ihe u;imc birds in this section mentioned. Anv person 
Pending againsl anv of the provisions of litis section shall 
forfeit and pay for every woodcock, partridge or quail 
taken, killed or destroyed'conlrary to the provisions of IJUS 
act, a sum not exceeding twenty dollars to any person who 
shall sue therefor and prosecute his suit to effect. 

Si-X. 2. No person shall, except on his own land, with 
inieni so to do. dike, capture, kill or deslroy, by means of 
fops, snsres, nets, ot other similar devices, any of thai 
species of game called woodcock, partridge or quail. 
[Every person who shall violalc any of tne provisions of 
this section, sh.ill forfeit and pay, for every woodcock, 
partridge or quail taken or captured contrary Ho (be pro- 
visions of ibis section, the sum of twenty-five dollars to 
the pel-Son who shall sue therefor, and prosecute his suit to 
elf eel. 

m.i 3 Every person who shall sell, expose for sale or 
purchase any of Ihe •ami: birds mentioned in tin lirsl 
section of this act, tak&n contrary to the provisions of this 
act, shall forfeit and pay Tor even woodcock, quail or par- 
tridge so sold, exposed for sale oi purchased, the sum of 
ten dollars to him who shall sue therefor, and prosecute his 
suit to effect. 

Klkuork, Wis.. August 1st. 18M. 
Editor Ii'orest ANn Stick/cm:— 

In your issue of 30th ult., under heudin 
tiiist.'' I rend "pinnated grouse are in sea 
(own Aim,. 2id, &C." Vim am certainl.i 
gffate, unci also. 1 think, in regard to tov 
' -cliickce season" opened here on the SOtl 
ter. amended Ihe «aine law in this part 
for pinnated grouse from November lSill 
1 enclose herewith a copy of the (lot. 

It is the general Understanding here . ui 
by citizen sportsmen of the Hawkcyc S 
opens in Iowa on the ir.th of August, II 
taw. I Hare not « copy Ot the Iowa gi 
doubt but this is the fact. 

There will he very little grouse or quail shooting in this section, owing 
to the destructive rain fails of about the 1st of June. (Irkknheali. 

Our copy of Iowa State law now before us, says August 
22d.— Ed." V & S. 



n Season Wi Au- 
isin Aug. 30th; ill 
1 in regard to thin 
■al years past the. 



; 15th of Augi 



J I have recently been inforn 
tate, that the chicken seat 



law, bill 



MY FIRST ELK-ifcfs Artim'r,,,,,,* 



Editor b'oui 

The following story i 
Gorsllnc'a "Green Mo 
(Wis.) twenty years ago 
the droll humor is iuim 

When I was a boy of 
Green Mount 
to school, am 



Stk 



as related to me n 

main boy," who en 

I relate it, nearly a 



by Mr. James 
a Badger Stale 
is lips, though 



walki 



1 1 lived with my father at the too 
t. T had to travel a distance of tw 
lg home one night I was startled by 



miles 

i huge 

rt distance ahead, and bound- 

in may believe I was not long in 

.e, when T breathlessly told my 

ic immediately pronounced to be 

ild him the direction which it had 

jd our guns, and wore away at a 

My father informed me during 

laklnj 



creature which sprang across the ro 
ing lightly along soon disappeared, 
traversing the remaining distance 
father of the. animal I had seen, whi 
an elk from the description I gave. 
taken, and we bridled the horses, 
run in pursuit, of the fleeing fugiti 
the ride that ihe elk, in all probability, wai 
mountain known as Laurel Hill, where they usually fed during the win- 
ter ou laurel leaves, which remained green and nutritious when all else 
was blighted with frost. Ottr calculations were, made accordingly, and 
we uf°ed our beasts to the utmost to reach the spot before his lordship 
and conceal ourselves close to a ledge, along which he must pass to 
reach the feeding grounds. This ledge was not more than six feet in 
width and. fifteen rods in length, with an almost perpendicular descent 
on either side for perhaps twenty feet. When we had almost reached 
the ledge my father spoke in an undertone and said : "James, you follow 
along carefully to the foot ot the ledge, and I will go to the top, so as to 
completely cut him off should he attempt to come back after he has 
started np" the a«'.cnt." I answered in the affirmative, and tethered rny 
horse unite a distance hack, then crept, silently to the allotted place, 
where 1 was sercer.*."! by a large rock. In a few minutes I heard a crack- 
ing of twigs beneath: saw the elk approaching, all unconscious of the 
near proximity of his would-be slayer. The critical moment had come, 
and I levelled my rifle with care and fired. At the report he trembled 
and reeled to and fro for an instant, then fell heavily and rolled from 



with 



i erag down to the bottom of tin 
him. My body fairly trembled 
With proud triumph as 1 gazed o 
niense bieadth of antlers, and 
palled me on the head and told 
might be proud of. 



wher 



IDt 



n followed 
my eyes dilated 



beantiful form and marked the Ita- 
ly enp of joy was full when my father 
e I had made a shot many old hunters 
Fked. 



Paii 



I, Ky., August 1st, 1874, 
L. Trotter of Lexingtoi 



Bditor Forkst and Stream.— 

A match was arranged here to-day b 
Ky., and T. C. Woodford of liourbon county, at ten double, rises each, 
gai a side, play or pay, to be shot half way between Lexington and Paris 
oil the tilth of Angual. Another matcb, between Trotter and L. C. 
South of Frankfort, for JUKI a side, to come off at Lexington on the 
tfltli of September. Thd above named three are Kentucky's best. 

Yours, &Q, , Kt 



— In our notice last week of the pigeon tournament 
which is to lake place al Chicago lo-inorrow, 14th instant, 
our types made us say that the prizes in lln- double bird 
shoot were *ll). $30, $20, $10 and $5. ll should have been 

printed $400, $300, etc.; or ten times (lie amount. 

—The Kleinman-.Iohnson pigeon matches are attracting 
considerable interest in Chicago, The gentlemen are pilled 
for a series oftfcn matches for $35 a side, .lohnson standing 
al Jl yards, and Kleininan it 36 yards, Three mutches 
have now been sliol olf, in which, Strange 10 -;iv, Ihe eon- 
leslants have fie. I. each [laving kill' '1 (57 bfrdS out or 7~>. 
The following are the details . 

.\„„- SfmoM. KMi'i. Maflt. 

W.T. J.iUii-mii I i -'il Fiisi inril.h 

U . I Johnson ••>'> lb Second inalcll. 

W.T Johnson. IU 88 Third matcb. 



Total 

J.J Klciutmiii 

.1 ,1. Kb iniuaii . 
J. J . Kleininan . 



or 

M 
'Jl 



First raali li 
Second 
Third match. 



itch. 



(fbf.il 49 67 

The birds wcie ta-t and line livers : Johnson's clean SS 
was bi'illianl, while Klcinnian's v'o iwicc was :t -real 

siieees- 



Kditoh Foiiki- 

In Ihe lasi 
Rogardus offer 
one hundred hi 



No 



let 



CAPTAIN BOGARDUS' CHALLENGE. 

1'iiii.Aiu-a.i'iiiA, Augusl 10, 1874. 
\mi Stream -. 

tuber of your paper 1 littd ilini ('npluin 
to bet |100 against S|50ff that he can kill 
s siraiirhl froth a spring trap : three min- 
,1 to collect the birds. 
, v ..sk the skilful shooiisi. llirou.gli your col- 
umns if nn\ ■ pariv aeeepiinir ibis proposition cun have the 
construclin'ir of the trap to be used on the occasion, wliich 

will he rtn ordinary old fashioned sprihu; Isip. For, if so, 

the licl will be al mice taken. _ " Oktoi.an " 

I'ni'.TI.AMi. A.iL-ast Jib, ISM. 
Krin-oK I'oiu-.sT »nd Struam: ■ 

The anuiveivary Shaol of tin- Maine Shooting ClBo of rmtlainl. i -aiue 
off at Long Island, in Ca-eo Bay, the SOtll lilt. Sflclostvd please flpd 
score. The day was vi i.v line, and we had a griufl time. The club rhar- 

liicaficr n- \ye shot at gyros, did m>t keep 



o p. a., 



that v 



nil Hie 



thie,- -a!u:— . ami were anawered by the yaiiit siimidro 

rhor in the h.iihor Kveri thmu in the harbor saluted ttlsn 1-eiultnis 

-mnniarv of proceBdtngs al re* si of the club. Yoms uulv. 

E. A. f'uAsi:. Secretary, 
Tlni, were twenty loin participants in ihe StlOOting 
miitelir^. anil the average, of the scores was very good. 
— K». 



ENGLISH PIGEON 


SHOOTING. 


Scores made by the Hiirlinghai 




England on July 2!llh. 


Opllunal m or £8 Sweepstakes, 


with cup 


value £20 added by the club, 7 


birds each. % 
Xiimt. 


^yards rl 


ia, 44 subs. 

Birds shot at. hiltid. 


Air. \X. S. sjaltmg 




1111111 7 


Mr. K. Larking.. . 




... 1111111 7 


Mr. J. Thymic. 




1 1 1 1 1 1 1 7 


Mr. 1-lalford 




... 1 t i i i i i r 


And forty others. 






Mr. W. . S. Salting list prize cup 


and £35) 


i i t i 1 1 n 1 1 mi 


Mr. ,1. Thymine tUd prize. £15). 




1 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 ( 


Mr. E. Larking 




1 1 1 1 1 I 1 


Mr. Halford 




11 


The following are the. scores n 




ic Optional Handicap Swe6p- 


stakes at Nottinghill, Rng., shot 


on June 


27th : 


An Optional llandicap Sweeps,: 
led breach loader; 




birds each, for a double-baiTe!- 
ulitions, 43 snbs. 


Yards. Name. 




Ihrdx shot at Kilted. 


261- Mr. M. Stovin iC. 1. 




mi.,, iiiiii r> 


87} .Mr. II. LeVi-ttiPow, 




.... iiiiii a 


37* Mr. W. S. Salting if 




p.).. 1 1 1 1 1 l fi 



1, £38. and gWj) 



■vett (3d prize, SID), .."..,'... 1 I) 

lard" Optional £5 or £10 Sweepstakes, nt 8 birds each, 

lip, those missing three to retire: usual conditions, 34 



Mr. Hoc 

Mr. Mm 

And forly-n 



Mons. Brimp 
Mr. Berkeley 
Mr. Oharltor 





Mrds shot at. 


lOltat. 


arcempt 




C F.).... 
, C. V.)... 


1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 
10 111111 


S 


it-id-era 
ill additi 




'i% T :!:: 


11111110 
1111111 


? 


and thcii 

uiiicli in 
Mr. .Mi 






d cup, by killing 


ught in sue- 


the Jerni 




b loader, 


y E. M. Iteilly & 


Co. 


itiL'lo "o 






ds each, all at 27 


raids, added 


iminiifac 




each; usii 


d conditions, 55 s 


ibs. 


them." 






Birds shot at. 


Kitted. 


I liave 


)ei' n-e i 




.... 111111 




til (level 


nifl. Oh 


llanch'd ' 


p.) 1 I 1 1 I 1 


t> 


for delay. 


in wrin 


lit PI 


... 1 1 1 1 1 1 


B 


eye, a fe 


v days | 


i.'c:'e:r. 


.... 111111 

.. .. 111111 


6 


Now we 
entcrtaii 


shall ha 


It FIRST V 


mzE. 




bmsin 


i"/'/'l"'i'o 


£200 and 


enp) 111111 




barrel. 




£50) .... 


.-., 111110 








... 110 




load. t i 





—The neAV system of targets at. Wimbledon seems to be 
quite successful. "After four days of severe I .rial," says 
the Vol a nteer Service Gazette, "so far as can he judged, the 
new targets and the new marking work very satisfactorily, 
and are very popular." 

— A competition of a novel charaefevlook place in Eng- 
land lately, running and ri tic shooting combined. Volun- 
teers fully equipped in regimentals, with Snider rifle and 
sixty rounds of ball cartridge, had to run 800 yards, re- 
turning to a 400 yard riiitig.and in any position to fire three 
Khots at a secopd-class target, the limit of the time in run- 
ning and shooting to be 3 min. 30 sec. First prize, was 
won by Lieutenant. Halland with a score of seven, one 
centre and two outers. Time — 3-23 



TtlE Henry Rifle. — '■ We arc in receipt of (he follow ing 
letter from Mr, A. Ilenrv. the well known manufac- 
turer of rifles in Scotland*— 

I'iiimii -ui;. Scotland, July tith, IK7-I. 
Kmioii Fores'! ami s-i re oi 

The I''iikk-'I ami Sree.sv, ,,r t.1Hl June has hi en forward. 'd to me by 
a rr:.-.,d in America, wboal the same tim.- calls my attention m the fir 



may c 


1 lie diagi 






%T 




pubi 


i '," 


lib any 


remarks you 
not ilileiideil 


for pn 


,1a- ,li,,l.. 


1 am 




your o 


ii ,h, 




anl. 


All 


S Hi. Mil. 


En 


ilosed ii 


Mr, 


lie 


fry's 


lell. 


r u a 


s a 




mi of ten 


shots 


lircd 


Vce 


)|>V 


from 


the 


caul 




Tali! i 


if ten shots 


fired 


from a 


'll-t 


IV 


i.-irrcl 


' N 


i. 98 


al 


he U 


ryol Smtill 


Arms 


Faclorx 


. Bnl 


eld 


."nil ( 


ll 'ill 


er 180 


9. " 


Circle 


four inches 


diameter, (the 


dra 


l 'MIL. 






itfhtl 


act 


ml M/ 


e). Range 


500 i 
Lena 


aids, 11 


'Ml 


li.'l 




initi 


)!1, B 


of 

Ills. 


bore 
id < 
Hen 


lorli-live. 


IWeti 


y Powder, 


'.v'i'i'.' 


Hi,- gi 




! fi 




II;, 


■vcy 
mac 


No. 


C; B 

lest 


all, II, nil". 

elevation, 

eter 30.21. 




















Mean 








0.17 


1., o 


• ~i in 


ihes 






A . 






wo 


nehes 


is it 


idced 


vei 


V fen 


arkalile; of 


cours 


e we are 


to U 


tde 


siantl 


that the s 


hots 


madi 


wore on- 


secut 


ve ones 


Tl 


eS 


iringl 


eld gun it 


mus 


t- be r 


■l.lcniln'lcd 


was I 


red froi 


i the 


shouhler 


with 


a res 


t from the 


muzzle of 



Ihe barrel, while the Henry rifle was fired from a mechani- 
cal rest, or as we designate it here, from a fixed resl Tin- 
Henry gun may have been laid with the telescopic Sights. 
The Springfield was fired with the common open military 
sight, and the targets printed by us were made in the regu- 
lar course of experimental firing. Of course we by no 
means desire to disparage the flue shooting of the Henry 
rifle, but beg to state that the Springfield arm is a military 
arm /../;•,// *iiapl.<\ and was tried in a military manner. In 
our ordnance memoranda XV. Page 372, we find the fol- 
lowing:- 

"Of ihc foreign arms fired for comparison, Ihe .Martin 
ilenrv Kngli-li) wasthc onlv one whose sustained practice at 
500 yards save anv pretentions to further trials, at longer 
ranges, lis accuracy al the various ranges is as follows;— 
For 500 i aids mean deviation u 9 8Q0 yards mean devia- 
tion 30 1 two misses ton target: 1,000 yards mean devia 
lion 33 ;, five misses to a targe." M, an deviation of tl„- 
Spriii"lielil (see I-iikkst ami Stiii-.am of June LSI In 82.0 
barrel, (j.lo, at 500 yards, &2 barrel H.Otf. 

PAPER SHELLS VS. MET ALLIC SHELLS. 

Eihtor Forest ami Stukaju— 

A disenssion has been going on of late as to the respective merit- (if 
pa|ier and metal shells in lueeeh loading shot, f,'iins. In behalf of ihe lat- 
ter, I have seen it slated that they shoot stronger than the former, besides 
being equally safe. 

Nov.- I am neither a manufacturer of paper shells, nor the Son of a 
manufacturer. Simply a sportsman, interested in securing the best am 
munition; that willed will give the best results with the greatest, safety 
I wish to state what 1 knoiv by experience, and what I have arrived at 



Pin 



shale: 



111 



and as exhaust ive experiments in this way as any man in the eouu- 
rubably, will boar me out ui this assertion, 1 think, 
mid, for safety. If ft paper shell explodes, it. does so with the 
essness of a tire-cracker. 1 have seen Ihe experiment tried Of ex- 

■siilt. The sli.it barely rolled out of the shell-not ofi the t.-ible. 



rt, wish to till my pockets, when my shells 
not with -niulinu' brass and tinklina'car- 
y. that anmineni is very poor indeed, where, 
/e inexpeusiveness of the best paper shells 
•ray the axiom that, nothing is eeoi lieal 



ass shell, 
xiiserl of 



iv i ru Both Bm Ockx. 
ir clever i orrespondeiii 
What he states hag j,, s 



[We pay particular attcni 
"who shoots with both eyes 
weight. The writer of the 
being a sportsman, as a lite 
Perhaps the same objections f< 
loaded with shed., w T ould hold - 
This same subject was dissected 

the .Fir-iil. We believe, however, metallic shells can be 
so constructed as to render premature, discharges almost 
impossible. — En. J 



■d-leitr has .listing!, 
is found with me 
with metallic 
( Jbnii, some time agi 



hells 



12 



FOREST AND STREAM. 



SHELLS. 



SHREwsBLTtr, August 4th, 3874. 
ElHTOlt K.IKKST and Stheaji: — 

In answer to your correspondent Herbert, in regard to the difference 
ill tlli aiztis of the bore of metal lie and paper shells, I will state my judg- 
mmit was formed (and I see no reason to alter it) from careful measure- 
ment of the Snirlevanl and Berdan shells, and Eley's green and blue 



shells, and 
bores of guns, « 

I have used tt 
good, but do no 
not steady unde 
reason will appl; 

AS to earning loaded metal shell; 
from an accidental discharge of on 
cause it is thought not likely to 



mplai 



:nts by the table of the sizes of the 
, book on Modem Breech Loaders, 
e by the TJ. M. C. Co., and hud them 
>. anvil used In them. I believe it is 
vertical striker, and think the same 
if miss-lire in the Sturtevant shell. 
, surely no one can doubt the danger 
1, as compared with paper ones ; be 
,tr does not lessen the danger, hence 
(be reason of my question: "Does it pay to take snch chances?" 

I can join bauds with Herbert in the desire of having sporting matters 
discussed. Spoilsmen, as a class, I am sorry to say, are not well posted 
in regard to sporting mutters, and to prove I lay no claim to be an ex- 
ception, I will ask friend Herbert to give the particulars of the system of 
choke boring, as mentioned by him as being applied to the guns lately- 
tested at Chicago. Check Cord. 

>•■♦♦. 

CitEEu.Mooit.— Ou Wednesday last, Aug. 5th, the sixth 
competition tor selection of the riflemen to compete with 
the Irish teutn took place. The following will show* the 
scoring made, including the shooting of Wednesday: — 

6'core. Score. 



E. H. Sanford,..-.-.. .,„.--. 

Seneral Dakin 128 

S. W Vale 125 

L. Backer 124 

Li i. ii i";ildiT-k'.--vi. • >'-' ; . 

L.M. Ballard 11H 

The following are the scores made on Wednesday, fif- 
teen shots at 800, fifteen at 900, and twenty at 1,000:— 

0O0 Yds. 1000 2H». Total. 



Henry Fulton 156 

J.S. tloullu 155 

A. Anderson --.- 148 

A. V. Ounlield. Ji 
L. L. Hepburn.. . 
J. T, B, Collin 



nen 






-lMe.>|. /..-■, 



54 



155 
149 



J. T B.Collins 3B 39 56 133 

Leon Backer 51 35 43 . 129 

E.H. Sanrord 43 36 49 128 

General T. S. Dakin 31 39 51 121 

G.W.Yale 43 45 33 121 

L. M, Ballard 40 35 37 112 

J. E. Whitley 43 39 32 104 

A. Anderson 28 25 SS 91 

W.W.Skiddy 31 35 6 72 

On Thursday, the 1st Battallion, Ool. Webster, were at 
Creedmoor The following are the eight hest scores:— 

Srama. 200 YarclsA ~ I5OO Yards. \ | I If 

J_ ULj I g I aiS 

Private Zettler, Co. II [ 8 3 2 S 2 I II I 2 3 4 2 2 113 I 24 

Private SackeU Co G 3 2 3 3 I 11 3 3 3 3 I 12 23 

Cantain Ostman, Co. B ... H 2 3 3 2 I 12 | 8 S 3 i I 11 [ S3 

[•]■■-, .„,. i ,. r,„i (■-. f; I 2 2 2 2 2 I 10 1 2 3 4 i I 12 22 

: .- M , ;,,. , : ,..|Vr, i\. U I 3 2 2 3 3 ! 13 t 30 3 3 I 9 I 22 

PH, at, Scott CO i B 3 •-' 2 2 | 12 I 2 4 3 I 9 I 21 

Sergeant Toellnar, Co. A | 3 002 3 834303 13 21 

Ca p°tain Spencer, Co. A I 2 3 2 2 | 8 I 3 2 2 2 3 j 13 I 2 1 

— There were two matches at Creedmoor, Long Island, 
on Saturday August 8th, the contest for the ' 'long range 
badge," open only to members of the Amateur Rifle Club, 
and the Remington diamond badge, open to all members 
of the National Rifle Association. There were only eight 
entries for the first contest, but the shooting was the best 
that has ever occurred on the range. Some, of the mem- 
bers of the Amateur Club state that the average of the six 
besl scores made equals 80 5-6 per cent. , or, in other 
words that the shooting shows a higher excellence of merit 
than that of the champion team at Wimbledon this } r ear. 
Mi'. L. L. Hepburn won the badge presented by the Ama- 
teur Rifle Club. The following is the score of the first six 
entries:— 

Smut 800 Yds. 900 Yds. 1000 Yds. Total. 

L. L. Hepburn -. 18 19 17 54 

HenryFultou 18 16 16 50 

A. V. Cantield. Jr 13 17 18 48 

Captain J. Bodine 17 17 13 47 

GeneralT.8. 'Dakjn 16 1(1 14 16 

A. Anderson 18 15 13 46 

The fourth contest for the Remington diamond badge 
opened at three o'clock. There were fourteen entries, 
distance 800, 900, and 1,000 yards, two sighting and seven 
scoring shots, any position within the rules. The badge 
was won by Mr. A. V. Canfield, Jr., of the Twenty-second 
Regiment, by a score of seventy-three out of a possible 
eighty points. As will be seen by the scores, Mr. J. T. B. 
Collins also made a score of seventy-three; but, under the 
rules of the association, Mr. Canfield was declared the vic- 
tor, as his score at the previous range exceeded that of Mr. 
Collins by two points. The badge was previously in pos- 
session of Capt. Bodine, and was won by a score of sixty- 
nine points. Mr. Collins, the second in the list, becomes 
the possessor of a "Whitworth", rifle. The following is the 
score Of the first six entries:— 

Bmfte. 500 Yds. 800 Yds. 1000 Yds. Total. 

A V. Cantield, Jr 24 26 23 73 

•J.T.B. Collins 26 24 28 73 

J Bodine 32 25 24 71 

L.L. Hepburn ... 24 27 18 69 

General f. S. Dakin 24 26 16 6u 

A. Anderson 20 20 19 65 

— An Irish-American Rifle Club was organized last week 
for the purpose of promoting rifle practice. The rules and 
regulations adopted are similar to those of the National 
Rifle Association. The following officers were elected for 
the- ensuing year:— Gen. F. F. Millen, President; Bethel 
Burton, the inventor of the Ward Burton rifle, Vice Presi- 
dent : Adjt. W. H. Murphy, Secretary and Treasurer. The 
Executive Committee, in addition to the foregoing mem- 
bers, includes the following:— J. J. O'Kelly, Major P. M. 
llaverlv. and Dr. McGuiro. 

Capt." Karl Klein with the separate Troop Cavalry and 
Lieut. Batlow with the Washington Grey Troop were at 
Creedmoor on Thursday, July 30th, and tried their skill at 
the range. This shootiug is worthy of particular com- 
ment, as regulation military carbines were used, an arm, by 
tlie way, which when handled is capable of very excellent 
shooting, as may be seen by the scores. Kauges, of course, 



were shortened to 100 and 300 yards. We are pleased to 
state that the order of the members of the two troops was 
excellent. The team of the troops made, with five shots 
at each range, 330, which is excellent. We append the 
scores of the first fifteen: 



Barnes. 


100 yds. 


g 


300 yds. 


I 


is 

6@ 


Hcargeani Nagel 

Bugler Specht 

l.VaimiTi! Kimpel 

Private I.nhoff 


4 3 4 3 4 
4 2 2 4 3 

3 3 2 4 2 

4 4 2 4 2 
3 3 4 2 3 
23342 

3 3 2 2 3 
2 3 3 3 3 

4 2 3 3 3 

2 3 4 3 3 

3 3 2 3 4 
3 2 3 4 2 
3 3 8 3 2 
2 23 33 
22333 


18 
15 

14 
16 
15 
14 
13 
14 
16 

15 
15 
14 
14 
13 
l.'l 


3 2 3 4 2 
3 2 3 2 3 
3 4 4 3 
3 3 3 3 

2 3 3 3 2 

3 3 2 3 3 
3 4 4 3 
33034 
3 4 2 3 
3 2 3 3 

2 3 3 3 

3 2 3 3 

2 2 3 2 2 

3 0333 
;-; ,i 1 -J 8 


14 

13 
14 
12 
13 
14 
14 
18 
12 
11 
11 
11 
11 
12 
12 


32 
28 
28 
28 


Major Aery 

Private Bocruer 

Private Dilleiiburg 

Corporal Felton 

Private Maver .... 

Private Walter 


28 
27 

27 
26 


Captain Karl Klein 

Sergeant Begebnan 

C.'oiponti Sehwerdt 

Private Weraad 


25 
25 
25 

25 



The team of the Washington Greys did not make as high 
a score, but it must be remembered that many of the men 
are using their arms at the range for the first time. We 
append the scores of the best twelve: 

Nume. 100 Yards. 300 Yards. 

Corporal Trii 



Total. 



Private King 

Private Munteomery 
Private Decker... •"' 

Ex-Captain Wylie 

Sergeant Van Burcn . . . 
Lieutenant Batterson . - 
Private Kelsey. ... •.... 

Private Puller 

Private Hovey 

Private McHugh 

Private McKnight, ... 



Office National Rifle Association, | 
93 Nassau street, New York, f 
Editor Forest and Stream : 

The twenty-ninth regular meeting of the Board of Direc- 
tors National Rifle Association was held on Tuesday, 
August 4th, at the office of the association, at 2 o'clock P. 
If.," General Alexander Shaler in the chair. 

The Prize Committee reported and presented a badge for 
employees of the association. 

On motion the matter was referred back to Prize Com- 
mittee with power. 

General Shaler offered the following resolution, which 
was adopted. 

Resolved, That the Committee ou Prizes, or a majority 
thereof, take immediate action in relation to badges for 
directors and life members. 

On motion of the Secretary, the matter of straightening 
the boundary line of the Range at Creedmoor, ou the side 
adjoining the Kissam estate, was referred to the Range 
Committee', with power. 

Offered by the Secretary and adopted : 

Resolved, That a ticket 'office and shelter at the entrance 
to the Range be erected by the Range Committee at an ex- 
pense not exceeding $100. 

Offered by the Secretary and adopted : 

Resolved, That the Range Committee be instructed to 
erect a shed and refreshment stand in rear of the 1,000 
yards firing points, similar in construction to' those already 
erected upon the Range. 

On application from G. B. Shepherd, photographer, for 
permission to place his apparatus upon the Range and pho- 
tograph groupes, scenes, &c. , was referred to Range Com- 
mittee. H. A. Gildersleeve, Secretary. 

A. H. Weston, Ass't. Sec. 



%ntiaml g^times. 



RULES FOR ARCHERY. 

NUMBER three. 



targets. 

TARGETS are generally made of straw rope, upon it is 
sewn the facing, a piece of canvas, having four bands 
or circles painted on it round a centre, which is the gold; 
next to that is the red or scarlet; then blue; black; then 
white: culside this last is t\\z petticoat, of green, merely to 
make the edge of this ring distinct. The diameter is four 
feet, consequently each ring is four inches and eight-tenths 
in width. 

The targets are usually, for gentlemen, placed at one 
hundred, eighty, and sixty yards distance from each other; 
and for ladies, at sixty and fifty yards. It is recommended 
that beginners should commence with the shortest distance, 
and increase it in proportion to their improvement. 

Targets of different sizes may be bought ready-made, 
with iron stands for supporting them. The legs of these 
are bevelled off to a narrow edge, so as to present as small 
a surface as possible to the arrow; this gradually reduces 
the chances of their being struck. 

Whatever the distance may be that you intend to shoot, 
you should always have two'targets, one at each end, other- 
wise you will be tempted to shoot more than three arrows, 
which are quite enough at one time, before you go for them, 
or send a person to fetch them ; whereas by having two 
targets, in addition to the exercise of walluug from one 
target to the other, you give a relaxation to those muscles 
vou have just exercised, by calling a different set into ac- 
tion. The centre of the gold should be four feet from the 
ground. The value of the different circles is generally 
allowed to be, for the gold, 9; red, 7; blue, 5; black, 8; 
and white, 1. 

Ladies' targets differ in no other respect than in being 
much smaller. The only objection to their shooting at 
targets four feet in diameter is ; that at fifty yards, the 
distance generally shot by ladies, the targets would be 
soon worn out by constant piercing. Where this objec- 
tion does not exist, we would recommend the large ones, 
as it is encouraging to beginners to get arrows into the 
target. 

Where circumstances will admit of it, it is advisable to 
erect butts for the purpose of practice. These should be 
made of layers of turf. They may be made of any height 
within the archer's reach, and placed opposite each other 



at any distance at which it is desirable to practice. A level 
meadow should be chosen, and it is better that the butts 
should face more to the north and south, than Lo [he a 
and west, as the sun in the summer evenings will be shin- 
ing low in the west, and thus in the eyes of the archer, 
when standing at the east butt. The shape of I hem is im- 
material, the object being to receive such arrows as would 
after missing the target, light on the ground. The targets 
are suspended from a peg placed in the upper purl, of the 
front of the butt. 

After practising at butts, the archer will find considera- 
ble difference in the appearance of targets when placed on 
stands; but this may easily be surmounted by a few hours' 
practice at them, which we would recommend particularly 
previous to any great occasion or exhibition. Ladies cspc- 
peciallywill be induced to shoot more frequently at butts 
than at common target stands, as the necessity of stooping 
for the arrows is in a great measure removed;' independent 



of which then 
as expenditure for arrows, the t 
not being equal to the prime cosl 
and in the country where the t 
probably be adopted, ii is nol al- 
arrows. Where it is practicabli 
that targets or butts should be pla 



: as well 
lense of erectiug butts 
il half a dozen arrows, 
; of bulls would moal 
vs possible to procure 
'we would recommend 
:d with Hie ground be- 



in the summer, when the 
rows are very liable, to glance 
sidcrable distance without stiek- 



ards the 

surface is dry and hard, a 
along the ground for a et 
ing in where they alight. 

THE GUARD. 

Ill old limes used to be formed of a piece of stout 
leather, which was buckled round the left arm, to prevent 
the string of the bow from hurting it. Now, Hie. best sorl 
of guard is made of patent leather, which draws OjJ 
over the hand and requires neither buckles nor straps $ 
keep it in place. Ladies' guards are sfll! made of leather 
lined with silk and padded, and are buckled rouud the bow 
arm. 

THIS GLOVE. 

Formerly this resembled a glove more than il does 
present; it consists now of three little leather tubes, each 
sewn to the thiee ends of a piece of leather cut into three 
slips, and buttoned or buckled round the wrisl. It is used 
lo save the fingers from being cut by the string. Wc tire 
of opinion thaf the use of two lingers in drawing i- pre 
ferable to that of three; two must divide the String mon 
equally, and the loose is generally better. A. pcrnm 
who draws with twofimrers onlv, is seldom guilty of boldj 
iug the bow when drawn lei ils greatest extent. The advo- 
cates for three fingers urge in ils favOr, Eliat the use of (lie 
third finger gives a. greater degree of strength. We do not 
deny this, but still recommend the first two lingers only to 
be 'usea, and these kept in as straight a line as possible 
with the elbow, 

Some beginners draw the siring wilh the first two joints 
of the fingers bent, in order to keep the string from (dipping 
off ; when this is the case the lingers alone sustain all the 
strength, whereas if they are kept in nearly a straight line 
with the elbow, with, the first joint as little bent as possif 
ble, the muscles of the body and arm may be advantage- 
ously exerted. 

Beginners, as they commence drawing, will t'requenlly 
find That the arrows will leave the bow, and after describ- 
ing a segment of a circle, of which the siting seems to be 
the centre, will fall on the ground to the left of the bow arm. 
This is caused by the fingers being pul loo far over I. lie 
string, which makes it turn from the bow, whereas 
when the lingers are put in the proper position lor drawing 
the string, il has a tendency to twist towards the bow, and 
the nock of the arrow fitting the string participates in a 
like movement. 

the belt. 

Some means of carrying the arrows is necessary, and for 
this purpose a belt which buckles round the waist has been 
found convenient; from this is suspended a pouch, or tube, 
covered with leather, into which the points of the arrows 
are put; the part on which the feathers are, projecting out- 
ward, is less liable to injury. 

THE TASslil,, 

This is suspended from the belt, and ils use is to remove 
any dirt from the point of the arrow. It is generally made 
of worsted. 

THE GREASE BOX. 

This is a little box suspended from the bell and eon tains 
a composition of suet, or auy grease; the object of il is, to 
make the string slip more easiiy from the lingers, for which 
purpose aliltle'nniy occasionally be put on the finger stall. 
It is, however, rarely used, ami may be discarded. 

A tin case or cover, generally painted green, is recom- 
mended for keeping such arrows in as are not required for 
immediate use; being very susceptible of injury, it is 
highly desirable lo protect them in every possible -way. 
■**»■ 

—Cricket is flourishing in England this year us it never 
has before. The London, megrap/t, in a recent editorial on 
the game, says: 

"Cricket, whether deservedly or not, is certainly of all 
English games the most popular and universal; nor is its 
acknowledged supremacy ever likely to be disputed. Its 
conditions, His true, are somewhat altered since the intro- 
duction of overhand bowding and the abolition of I he old 
rules, which regulated the height of the delivery. Day 
by day our quick bowlers appear to grow .pit , ■,. 
season after season pads and gloves have to be uiore il 
more carefully constructed. The bowling, top, in its turn, 
has reacted upon the batting, and our champion batsmen 
now hit harder than ever, and are seldom to be trusted to 
play up to their real mark, unless matched against a deli- 
erv so tierce and accurate as to s 



shot from a gn 



veil i!u 



quality c 
ue red tlr.i 



the 
the 



Slushing batsmen, again, ha 
fielding"," and altogether the game h 

champions of half a century ago would.,,,,. ,,.,„u= u ,™- 
what difficult to hold their own in au ordinary county 
match. AVhat India rubber cushions and i. stn to 

have been for billiards round-hand bowling has been for 
our great national game; and the result is thai, whereas in 
the good old times everybody played cricket more or less 
" in3ifferently well," the game now needs not only a quick 
eye and a steady hand, but also considerable courage and 
nerve and very long and continuous practice. Yet, not- 
withstanding this process of "specialization," its old 
supremacy remains indisputable, and, so far fl'oil 
any symptom of dying out, the game has, on tin 



FOREST AND STREAM. 



13 



definitely Established itself — not, perhaps, in America, 
where '" : base hall " has uenrly supplanted it, hut at any 
l : the English colonies and even under the tropical 
skies of India, Ceylon and China." 

— Iii the cricket match played a! LomI's August 3 ami 
-; hetv i en the Bleven of the Mftryleborne Dlub and twenty- 
I - 11 players, resulted in the sueCEesa of Hie Ameri- 
cans Woe n the first day's play in this match had termi- 
nated the English eleven had scored *s runs, with the loss 
.if wickets only, and no doubt they calculated upon getting 
nearly as many more for the loss of the remaining five 
Kiel El v hirli would have given litem aboiil, 1(10 for their 
. i ■ i in irtg i ore . and being well aware thai the majority 
of their opponents were novice- at cricket they felt sure of 
di-po-iiu, ol He -in for 100 al most, if uot half thai number. 
So when on ruesdnv the weather opened with a threatened 
i i i .., . which made it probable thai the game wonlil 
not he played on), and Hint a draw would necessarily lie 
ilie resull of the contest, the eleven proposer! to Harry 
■■ ■ rhtti decide (he match by lite result of the first in- 
nings, (hereby insuring, as they thought, a victory for 
i .'i ■ -.instead of an unsatisfactory draw. This, by 
the way, made all bets on Ihe match 'depend upon Hie 
result 0t tlie lirst innings play, and, therefore, those wdio 
bei on the rjnglish side winning, lose. This arrangement 
having been effected, our boys uow weut in to win, and by 
improved play, they disposed of the remaining five wickets 
o; the English eleven for 17 runs only, thereby limiting the 
total score. 1o 105. The twenty-two then went to the" bat, 
and when their tenth wicket fell they had scored 24, 
Spauldtng playing inline style for 33, though it was bis 
tirst season at cricket. They had four wickets to fall 
when their score reached one hundred and seven, the 
tweuty-two winning the match by two runs, with four 
wickets to spare, greatly to the surprise of the English 
players, who had underrated the base ball players' ability 
at the bat. 

—In August 7 and 8 the twenty-two played against the 
Princes club eleven at Princes grounds, and in the first in- 
KbgS they not only disposed of the eleven for 21 runs only, 
but they ran up a score of 110, and putting the eleven out 
for 89 in their second innings, the Americans came in vic- 
tors in one innings, with 40 runs to spare. On August 8th 
they played the Richmond club eleven at the Old Deer 
Park Grounds at Richmond, and they disposed of the 
eleven for 103 runs, and wdien the first day's play ended 
they had scored 45, with the loss of five wickets. 

—As a matter of future reference we give below a sum- 
mary of the international cricket matches played in this 
country during 1850, 1868 and 1872, in which United 
States twenty-two's of resident cricketers took part against 
English representative twelves. The statistics below are 
taken from Mr. Chudwick's American Cricket Manual, re- 
cently published: 

In the match played at Hoboken, October 3, 4 and 5, 
185ft, between the English eleven and twenty-two of the 
United States, the eleven scored 156 in one inning to 38 
and 54 by the United States twenty-two in two innings, the 
latter team including the best resident cricketers of New 
York, Philadelphia and Boston. 

In the match in Philadelphia by the same eleven against 
twenty-two of the United States," October 10 and 12,"l859, 
the eleven scored 126 in their first inning, against 94 by the 
twenty-two, the latter scoring 60 in their second, the 
eleven getting the required 29 to win, with the loss of three 
wickets. 

In the match played at Rochester, October 21, 24 and 25, 
1859, the same eleven scored 171 in one inning against 39 
and 62 by the twenty-two. Harry Wright's 18 was the 
best score on the part of the twenty-two", and he took the 
most wickets. The English eleven included Hayward, 
Carpenter, Diver, Cuffyn, Locker, Gruudy, Stephenson, 
John Lilly-white, Wistoii, Jackson and Parr. 

In the' match played at Hudson City on September 10, 
17 and IS, 1868, the English eleven scored 175 in one 
inning, against 61 and 88 by the United States twenty- 
two. 

On September 38, 1S68, the same eleven played a United 
States twenty-two in Boston, in which the eleven scored 
109 to 39 in the first inning and 71 to 37 in the second, 
George Wright's 10 being the best score on the part of the 
twenty-two. 

Jn the match played immediately afterwards, in Phila- 
delphia, by the* same eleven, the. English scored 92 to the 
twenty-two's 88 in the first inning, and 36— with three 
wickets to fall— to 35 in the second inning, the twcuty-Uvo 
being all Phihulelphians. 

In the match played at Germantown October 8 and 10, 
1868, between the same eleven and twenty-two of New 
York and Philadelphia, the eleven scored l"l7 to 47 in the 
first inning, and 64 to 62 in the second, the eleven having 
161 to 109. 

tin October 13 the same eleven defeated twenty- two of 
New York, Philadelphia and Boston by a score of 143 to 
to 70 by the twenty-two, rain stopping the match. The 
eleven included Jupp, Charlwood, Rowbottom, Lillywhite, 
Freeman, Wilsher, Smith, Shaw, Pooley, Tarrant and 
Griffith. 

In 1872 the "gentlemen's twelve" came to the United 
Slates, the team including W. G. Grace, Ottoway, Ap- 
pleby, Hornby, Hudaw, Lord Harris, Francis, F. Lubbock, 
A. Lubbock, Rose, Pickering and Fitzgerald. On Septem- 
ber 12 an cl 14 this team played against a United States 
twenty-two and won by a score of 249 iu one inning to 66 
anil 44 in two by the twenty-two, George Wright's 14 being 
I lie best score of the twenty-two, he also taking the most 
wickets. 

On September 21, 23 and 24 the twelve played against a 
twenty- two of Philadelphia, scoring 105 to 63 in the first 
inning, and 34 — with three wickets to fall — against 74 in 
the second. 

On September 26, 1872, the last international match in 
this country took place iu Boston, when the same twelve 
scored 51 in the first inning against 51 by the twenty-two 
of Boston, the twenty-two scoring 43 in their second in- 
ning, the twelve scoring 22, with six wickets down — in- 
cluding Grace, howled by Eastwood for 5 only — the game 
being " drawn," as there' was not time to complete it. In 
this match four of the Bed Stockings men played — George 
Wright, taking the most wickets, This was the smallest 
score made by an English team in America. 

— The Mutual base ball players had a game of cricket 
with the Chicago Cricket Club, and the ball tossers scored 
41 and 45 to 44 and 43, the cricketers winning by 87 to 86, 
with four wickets to fall. Hatfield led the score of the 
Muluals with 20, Malone's 13 being the best on the other side. 



—The Toronto Cricket Club of Toronto, and the Penin- 
sulars of Detroit, played a match game last week. During 
ihe game several of the players were hurt. In the flrst in- 
nings of the Peninsulars tiie.y made a total of 118, in the 
second innings 24, making the aggregate 141 runs. Tlie 
Toronto's scored 56 in the tirst and 97 iu the second in- 
nings, showing the Torouto's the winners by 12 runs. 

— The international cricket tournament will commence 
at Halifax, Nova Scotia, on the 18lh instant. There will 
be four teams— Cauada. England, America and Halifax. 
The English team is composed of officers of the army. The 
American team comes from Philadelphia. 

—The Philadelphia twelve left town August 10th for 
Halifax", where they play next Monday. 

—Two important results are likely to follow the tour of 
the American base hall players to' England, results, too, 
beneficial alike to base ball and cricket ; the one being a 
full recognition of the claim of baseball to the title of the 
American "national game," and the other a decided in- 
crease in the popularity of cricket in America, for we all of 
us take a fancy very soon to that in which we stand a 
chance pf. excelling, and the promise is that our returning 
base ball heroes will be able to play any cricket eleven our 
English resident cricketers can place iu the field against 
them, and that, too, eleven vs. eleven, equal sides, base ball 
players m. cricketers. Though the exhibition games of 
base ball plaved in England have thus fur evidently been 
below the standard of the leading matches played here be- 
tween professional experts, the English aud'iences have 
been greatly delighted with what they have seen of our 
game, the " splendid fielding of the Americans" elicit ing 
the. highest praise from the English press and loud plaudits 
from the spectators. Thus far the record of the base ball 
games played in England up to the time of our going to 
press is as follows : — 

July 30-Athletic vs. Host on, at. Liverpool 14 to It 

July 31— Best mi vs. Athletic, at Liverpool 23 to IS 

Aug. 1— Athletic vs. Ltosron. ill. Manchester 13 to 12 

Aug. 3— Boston vs. Athletic, it Loudon 34 to t 

Aug. 5— Boston vs. Athletic at. London J4to 11 

Aug.7— Athletic vs. Boston (scratch match) 15 to 3 

Aug. 8— Athletic vs. Boston, at Richmond 11 to 3 

Aug. 10- Boston vs. Athletic, at Crystal Palace K to S 

These exhibitions, interesting as they have proved to be, 
have, however, been thrown into the shade by the success 
of the twenty-two in their matches at cricket, it being 
entirely unexpected both bj r the Americans, as well as 
English. The result, of course, has been to elicit a high 
respect for a game that admits of such skilful fielding. 
The London Field of July 25, in a lengthy and ably written 
article explanatory of base ball, says: — " Base ball is a sci- 
entific game, more difficult than mauy who are iu the habit 
of judging hastily ironi the outward semblance can possi- 
bly imagine ; it is, in fact, the cricket of the American 
continent." " In the cricket field," says the editor in ques- 
tion, "there is al times a wearisome monotony that is 
utterly Unknown ih baseball.'" "The theory is not unlike 
that of rounders, in that bases have to be run, bit the de- 
tails are in every way dissimilar." " To see the best players 
field even, is a sight that ought to do a cricketer's heart good, 
the agility, dash, and the accuracy of turning and catching 
possessed by the Americans being wonderful." 

— The New York Athletic Club will hold their annual 
tall games on the new club grounds at Molt Haven on Sep- 
tember 26. The competitions are open to all amateurs in 
the United States and Dominion of Canada. The entries 
will close on September 19, and must be accompanied by 
a guarantee from some club or' person known to W. E. 
Sinclair, Secretary of N. Y. A. C. 

— The Putnams, ©f Troy, have reorganized, and would 
be pleased to play any amateur or professional clubs that 
may choose to visit them. • The Nationals, of Washington, 
play them early in September at Troy, as do also the 
Philadelphians. Archie Bush, of the Harvard club, is the 
captain of the Putnams. 

—On August 1st the new Cincinnati " Red Stockings " 
defeated the Mil ford nine at Milford by 12 to 4. 

—On August 3d, the Lees of New Orleans defeated the 
Lone Stars by a score of 15 to 6, rather a different score 
from that of 'their last flue display. 

In the match at Easton on the 7th of August between the 
Easton nine and tlie Nassaus of Brooklyn, rain stopped the 
game at the close of the third innings. Eastons 6, Nas- 
saus 3. 

On August 7th the Dauntless club, of Watertown, N. Y, 
defeated the Ogdensburgh nine by 19 to 6. 

— On August 7th the Harvards defeated the Grafton club 
by 12 to 7. 

— The Athletics of New York defeated the Stars of New- 
ark by 20 to 14 on August 10th, at Brooklyn. 

— The Nameless and Chelsea clubs played their lirst 
match on the Union grounds, Brooklyn, ' August 10th. 
Scores 11 to 5 in favor of Chelsea. 

—The Hartfords whipped the Philadclphias by 5 to 3 
August 10th at Hartford. The "Nutmegs" made 6 to 2 
in the tirst innings, closely contested afterwards. Stearns 
pitched for Hartford. 

— The Brooklyn amateur ten for the. grand match on the 
Union grounds, August 17th, New York vs. Brooklyn, was 
selected on Monday night. It includes Grierson, Britt, 
Dodge, West, Doeseber,"Rohler, Clano, Rule, Dunn and 
Bunce. The New York nine will be choseu from the 
Fly Aways, Arlington, Keystone, "Wavcrly, and Silver Star 
nines. 

— The best played professional match of August thus far 
was the Mutual and Chicago game, of August 8th, won by 
the Mutual s by 3 to 2. 

— A very pretty played game took place at New Ilaveu 
August 3, in which tlie Madison nine of New Haven de- 
feated the Unions of Bridgeport, by 7 to 6 only. 

— The best game out West this season by local club 
nines was that played August 4th at Louisville between the 
Eagle nine and the Westerns, of Keokuk, score 5 to 3 
only, in favor of Eagles. 

—The best game at Prospect Park this season was that 
played August 4th — Nassaus 4. Keystone 1. 

— The Baltimore base ball club defeated the Baltimore 
cricket club at Newburgh Park, August 6th, by a score of 
94 to 70, in a full four innings grrne. 

—The postponed game between the Wynkoop & Hallen- 
beck nine and the Harpers' Brothers nine will come off 
next Saturday afternoon at Prospect Park. 



—The sports at St. Anne's, near Montreal, last week 
were in every respect remarkably successful. J. Anderson 
took the first prize in the running lone jump, covering 
eighteen feet MeOilloray won the running high jump, 
clearing five feet three inches. In the boys 'race— quarter 
of a mile— for lads under fourteen years, John McRobie 
won ; for boys under twelve years W. Mclntyre wou ; for 
youngsters under ten years,',!. Mclntyre won. In the 
quarter of a mile hurdle race W. L. Allen came in first. 
There were several other races and aquatic spor's. A 
novel feature in the day's programme was a, canoe race, 
paddled by darkies. The captain of the winning birch- 
hark is known as " Black Francis." Tlie day's pleasure 
concluded with a dinner given bv the President. B. Dev- 
lin Esq. 

—President Grant's two son's, Ulysses Grant jr., and 
Jesse Grant, Lieutenant, Harry Otis, and a son of Thomas 
Murphy, ex-collector of the port of New York, arrived at. 
Pittsburg, Pcnn , August 9. The had been on a pedestrian 
pleasure tour through the Alleghany Mountains, and had 
walked all the way from Huntingdon, Peun., a distance of 
two hundred miles. This is another good example in tlie 
proper direction. 

—The Nationals of Washington intend visiting New 
York the first week in September, playing the Bahimores 
and Philadclphias on the way. They will play the Mntuals 
and Atlautics in New York on the Union Grounds on 
successive days. 



c^ew §tiibHcnfroit$. 

BOOKS RECEIVED. 
Osgood's Middle States and New England. Two vol- 

nmes. A handbook feu travellers, with maps, plans, S. Boston: Jas. 
R. Osgood * Co. ISM. 

The Trotting Horse of America. By Hiram W. 

Woodruff. Philadelphia: Porter and Coates. 

This new candidate for the favor of the public in general, and the lov 
crs of good horses and well trained animals in particular, comes to lis at 
a titling time, and in a garb everyway adapted to the work. Who is 
there, all over America, that loves a good , spirited, well trained horse, 
and the manner in which he should be handled, dtdnot know, either per- 
sonally or by reputation, H. W. Woodruff? Emphatically he was entitled 
to the well merited title he so long bore unquestioned, of the "great 
horse trainer and crack groom of America." In this book will bo found 
the full particulars, the whole art of how to get the most out of a horse. 
We have often seen Hiram put a gooil steed over the course, and the 
mere recollection of the same stirs our blood anew. This Is a well writ- 
ten, truthful and very comprehensive treatise upon horses and horseman- 
ship in all its departments, and when we recommend it as a book which 
every man who owns a good horse should also own, we do not hesitate 
to give the endorsement of the Fokest and Stream to a book worth a 
place among their choicest sporting works. 
How to Become an Expert SnoT. With Regulations 

of the National Rilie Association, with Blanks for Recording Matches. 

New York Mercantile Publishing Co., No. 1 Park Place: 1874. 

We greet with pleasure all accessions to our rifle literature, and the 
neat, handy Kolume under review wo think will ho found of the greatest 
itEe to our riflemen, military or otherwise, who practice at rifle ranges . 
While giving most excellent advice to the marksman, may be fount! in- 
corporated the allowances necessary for effects of wind, whether to the 
right or left, and all tlie minulia? necessary to make good shooting. A 
very necessary addition to the book is a complete copy of the regulations 
in force at Creedmoor, and there is also to be found blank pages with the 
targets to tic used un the ground for recording [he scoring made. 
The Sportsman's Glob Afloat. By Harry Castleinon. 

Philadelphia: Porter & Coates. * 

This is one of the most readable books of the day for a seaside com- 
panion or a friend to take to the shady wood, the car, or nt home; yon 
will be pleased witli this best of good conversationalists. First he 
speaks freshly and quaintly. Well, we shall not. tell you of what. Get 
the book and read it and you wilt then say you have had your money's 
worth in just the kind of reading for shore or woodland homes. 
Popular Science Montldi/ for August. New York: I). Ap- 



Another or these aids to sc 






id philosophy, the 


arts and hidden mysteries of 


our 


unci- lire, is rccei 


ed, and in it will 


be found much food for proft 


mud 




h instruci ion upon 


subjects uot usnally found, c 




u our higher clas 


■i periodicals. To 


puff, in a literary point of vic\ 




1 well known and 




favorite would be praise nunc 


eded 


We would ther 




attention of persons who may 


not 


lave read or seen t 




that they should for once purt 


hase 


the last number a 




fully article No. 1 upon the d 


scovt 


ry of oxygen gas. 




Prestly for his world wide ton 


eflt. 


No. 11, "The Phv 


sics of Ice." is au 


illustrated paper, and gives a 


full 


and interesting h 


3l u ! 1 this uow 


great commercial staple of 1 


ixttrj 


. its History, m 


183:i. is like an old 



zing and what takes place, is well worth the price of this number, 
add he gratiiled to notice all the leadiug articles and the miscel- 
so, but unwillingly close our notice of this number with an earn 
oniincuclation of its high position and value to the student and 



instead of W. (". Prim 



i latter hook. 



To Restore the Drowning.— It may be of service to 
some of our readers to bear in mind the following standing 
directions of the Massachusetts Humane Society for the re- 
suscitation of persons apparently drowned: — Convey the 
body to the nearest house, with head raised. Strip and rub 
dry. Wrap iu blankets. Inflate, the lungs by closing the 
nostrils with thumb and finger, and blowing into the mouth 
forcibly, and then pressing with hand on the chest. Again 
blow in the mouth and press on the chest, and so on, for 
ten minutes, or until breathing begins. Keep the body 
warm, extremities also. Continue "rubbing — do not give 
up so long as there is any possible chance of success, 

— The meteorological record for the month of July, kept 
by George F. Aklen, Esq., Observer at New Smyrna, 
Florida, shows a maximum temperature of 02 degrees, a. 
minimum temperature of 76 degrees, and an average 
noonday temperature of 85 degrees and 23 minutes, 
which is very equable weather, and by no means insuffera- 
ble. Rain-fall for rhe month a little over 5i inches. 



A WINE CARD. 

Bubbling and sparkling, like the dew of mom; 
Cold as the ice from whose embrace 'twas torn: 
Brightest of amber, streaked with foamy fleck- 
Bring me som« nectar I Bring mo Ponunary Sec. 



u 



FOREST AND STREAM, 



(fiiiidc for the Mummer Wonri&t. 



Collingwood and Lake Superior. 

The koi i:p()\vkrpl"lf;ust('lass 
STDE-WfTEEL UPPER i VBtN STRAMERS 



ftlct. 1'rin 

I 11'rlim 

Fort Gn 

I'lllfl ItllltU 

able Sumo 
fort and al 
the seasoi 



ountry. 



Incurs 

Escape the Sum uior Heat— Goto Colorado. 

Splendid Hunting and Fishing! 



Beautiful Parksof the B 

For eucap rates* aud particular 

General Passenger Agent, 85 Sou 
Lama, tfa M and ha will cheerful 
ynti all alioiii. It. 



The Stonington Line 

BETWEEN 

NEW YORK & BOSTON. 

The Only Inside. Route, via Providence. 

THR NK Vf A KO H1.EG_ \ XT s'/'A'. I }!/■:/!.< 
Rhode Island, Capt. \V<m. M. Junks, 
N-arragawsett, OapT. Kay Allen, 
Sioniii^'lon. OAPT. -I'>sk -Mori', 

FORM rui-: r;\i:-r FLEET of SOUND 
8TEAMERSI.BA YING .VA'ir YORK. 

Not a Trip Missedjn Six Years ! 

Daily from Pier 33 N. R.,root.Iay st. 
JVT S J?. >I. 

SPECIAL MTICErH&S&S EHg 

ISLAND, will nil ami uPer .li:NK Jil. I. -.v.- Pi.-r .10 
North River, f.iot Oleum,.-,-- Mr,;,:!, al 12 .i'c-1. it-U . 
iioon.and I'i. r fi.,.i -i:i -■..-.• . East River. I 1>. M.. ur- 
ge rsasail through 

Long Island Sound by Daylight. 

RETURNING Train leaves Poscon ni 8 P. M., 
connecting with iho RHODE ISLAND u< Sionington 
at 10-15 P. M.. hiuJ arriving in New York at « A. M 

EXCURSION TICKETS tn sioniugion and bnck, 
same trip, $3. b, W. HI. KINS. 

General Passenger Agent. Pier :i:| North ltivcr. 

Fishing and Hunting 

Reduction-Only $13. 
Boston to Moosehcad Lake and Return. 

TCeacltlae lfollo-wiumr, foi* tlie 

Best Fishing and Hunting 
RESORTS.' 

On Conway Division, Eastern R. R., Brook Trout. 



Trout. 

New Hniusvuck Prince Edward Island and NO' 
Scotia. Salmon. S. -a Trout and Brook Trout. 

■ ivcB ■-• in vr. A. M and iJ:-J0 P. M. 



Woi 



ml small gam 



Eastern and Elaine Central R.R. Line. 



Long Branch and Philadelphia, 

Via New Jersey So. Railroad, 

COMMENCING .MONDAY, .11 I.V 07, 3PT4. 
Lease New York from 



lands. 

'.!:!.-. a. m. 
town, Tuck- 



(Ions. 



lipoid, Lou" Hran.'h. Win.- 
tna, Long Branch, Warctown 

V N - ' ; [ I'.ll -l,..!!.:!!: b„. 



On 



mil ■ 



.ii.; 



m« Branch. Re 

I-Mo I'll I .1 .it li-.-.H |. in , -.Mill slleol Pier in 7:1H l>. in 

Fare from Now V.uU |.. Philadelphia. ..niy $•!■::< 

Saudv Hook Excursions. 

Thi-fii-iiiii.n- liivHi! m;i.i.r. ... <i.i an i:\i.i- i:i.v, 

afford "il.-Mi.- i-i V.i 1 ins'tlrr. 

C. P. mVeaDDEN. W.'S. SNEDEN" 

Gen. Passenger Agent General Manager. 



<$ui(fa for the ^uitptter Wonrint. 



NEW SUMMER RESORT. 



Cheap Excursions. 

Toronto to the Lakes of Muskoka. 

JOaaly Line. 

The Steamers Nipissintr and Weuonith, 
The Northern Railway of Canada. 

Pare only 86— Tickets Good to Return in a Month. 

Ticket? and full information to be bad at the North- 

i.-in HailiMiv cilice- ami Agencies. 

" A. P. COCKBURN, 
jlya-lm V <: T',r.ir,b_. and < I nivenliurs'. 

KTEA31ERS TO 

Eastern Maine, New Brunswick, 

Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Ate. 
TH E 




C?oi»ipm».y':s Steamers 
New York and City of Portia 



Ka.-teiii r. 
circular, \ 

10 

j iiysam 



SANFORD'S INDEPENDENT LiNE. 

THE STRAMKKS (A MP.IM IX i E- 
.1. I'. JOHNSON, master, and KATA1IDIN. W. 



K i;..i 
-or an 

Till I 



$e$orts for <*?port§mm. 



w^ r « 



WAXEN. PIKE 



modiolus. 

to hire 



JOHN S. WILLIAMSON. Prop. 



INTERNATIONAL MOTEL. 

1 NIAGARA FALLS. NEW YORK 

.1 I. 11 ETON, dr.. Proprietor. 
Special rales in Boarder". 'el'.iiin 



^ 'ANTED -IN A PLEAS. vNT I.OOW.ITV, ONE 
mile from Grccuuoo.l Lake and three hours 
.in N Y . a few tain-lies tn hoard: panic prices. J. 
WILLOW \\"e<! Mif.a'd. I'a-.-.li.' eoullty. N J. 



Foxci'olt. Exclniiis!,^, 

Foxcroft and Dover Village, Me. 

J S NOW OPEN for permanent and transient bi.arri- 



The (rossmoii House, 

ALEXANDRIA BAY, N. Y. 

C. CllOSS.MON &SON. PROPRIKTOKS. 
'IMIIS 1IOI.SE. RECENTLY REBUILT AND El.E- 



and O^di-n-l.iirL'Kahr 



1noSKJ:N0 horse. 

How to Shoe Horses. 

IN THE BEST AND CHEAPEST MANNER. 

liow to Cure, all Toot Ailments. 

RATIONAL I10RSE-S1IOEINO. Price One Dollar 

Ooodikouoh Holts* Shoe, U Elizabeth Street, N. Y. 



MISFIT CARPETS. 

f4. 001) SECOND HAND AND 1IISF1T CAUPETS,RICH Patterns, Very Cheap, atthei 

VJT OLD PLACE. 11-3 FULTON STREET, between William v.J ::.i-,i,. - ., ,, ■■,,■' „' ,, ,r -.:■: - 



Hotels. 



XJaVIOlV PLACE HOTEL, 
EUROPEAN PLAN. 

THOS. EYxVN & SON, 

BROADWAY. COK. FOURTEENTH STREET. 



East End Hotel, 

LONG BRANCH, N. J., 
L. B. SMITH &£, Co., Losses. 

Rates, $a 50 to $3 00 per day, including Board and 

Room tmcito! ri{l>!\tlo;i navj to E-.t'curtioniits. 
REGULAR DINNER, $1. THERE IS ALSO A 

IViee Limeli Room, 

attached to the establishment. June 253m 



Laird's Mansion House, 

LONG BRANCH. 

Wffl. L. MclNTIRE, Proprietor 



Central Hotel, 

LONG BRANCH, N. J., 

OPEN THROUGHOUT THE ENTIRE YEAR. 
Liberal arrangements will be made with guests 
for the FALL AND .SPRING. Rooms Ihurouohii/ 
lunleil. Address H. C. SHOEMAKER, Prop'r.. ' 
jnn2S8m East Loin; Branch P. O., N. J. 



(^lothhtg anil <§MiMhinQ %oot\§. 




For a iii-!st-<?l«(ss» Di-ess or 

Business HAT, uo direct to the manufacturer, 
KSI'E\'sio||ElI>. 11,H Naswnn mreet. 



$$i$ce1hnqoux. 




Ordnance Lands Sale, 

TOKO IN TO. 



erni ol 51 years e 
i resume possess 
U's notice. 
[ghta of all squill 






lie sale, for 
icued :il He 
ions, ircou 
Ime of sale. 



idete 



idaries and quantities as 
sin, mii un I lie Ordnance plan« 
By Order, 

E. A. MEREDITH, 
Deputy of the Minister of The Interior. 
WILLIAM F. COFF'IN, 

Commissioner of Ordnance 
aud Admiralty Luuiis. 
Ottawa, 1st August. 1874. 



Ek H. T. ANTHONY & CO., 59. 
. Broadnay, N. Y., op. Metropolitan Hotel. 




GUIDE 

To Moosehead Lake, 

Northern Maine, with Map. 

Price $100. For sale as follows: 
NEW YORK— \rnUe ■ clerk ,t flu Hi Maiden Lane. 
PI I II. A DELPH I A— John Kridei . cor 2d and Walnut. 
Bos Ti i\— Bradford Ai Anthony, 186 Washington. 



JBMhidgbi*. 




Breech and Muzzle Loadixig 

SHOT GUNS, 

Fishino aud Sporting Tackle of every description. 
Also, the new improved Parlor or Gallery Rilles, Pis- 
tols and T nrgetr Apr. 16ly 

FISHING TACKLE, 

In all us rmiei , furBjM u r, U1VEU I SK \ i.,l,ir 

A, B.' SHIPLEY & SON, 
503 COMMERCE STREET, PHILADELPHIA, 

Offer to the trade a latere assortment, comprising 
many articles ,.f 1 1,,-ir own spr-cial make. 

PliN'E PLY \M> BASS HODS 
or Iron. Lance and Greenheart Woods. Rent and 
Glued Bamboo. Rod mountings of the very finest 

|'l 'I ,' r irlid, 1,1 nifid, to , :!'■:!, r. 

A'RTIITCUL TROUT AND BASS FLIES 
and Reels of the finest quality. Lines of every kind. 

< , i : I . :Ci)i l.eaiir:'- \ J -o -'■:..: r ';■::! Ir i'rr i hr r,-r-- 

brated JOHN .1 AM ES & si cNS Nee,:H,-« and fishhooks. 
A lante lot always on hand of Southern cane and se- 
lected Calcutta Bamboo Poles. *-tim 



SPORTSMENS' DEPOT. 

JOHN K RIDER, 

Comer Second and Walnut Sir., I'liiladelpnla. 
IMPORTER, MANUFACTURER and DEALER IN 

(inns, Utiles, Pistols, anil Fishing Tackle 
of all Kinds. 

He invites all spoilsmen and dealers in his line to 
which gretbebeM In this eonntfy We make Flies of 



tcriiioof Side Lines, sill; and Hair 'I rout Lines, .te. 
oh Snoods. China and Grass Lines A',-...,, larire 
of Cam Heeds. Bamhon and Japan l-ly 



Shot and Bar Lead 

aVIainif 'acturc l - . 

[Established 1808] 
Office, No. 121 Walnat Bttfrt, 

^Pliiladeljdiia. P«„ 

EM'. TAXIS, AQUARIUM MANUFACTURER 
• and dealer in GOLD EISII. AIJLATIC rLANTS 
FISH GLOBES. Ac no North SiMl. Mr, 'el. Phila 
delphia, Penn, Orders by mail attended to. 



Orange Sporting Powder. 

OKANGE LIGHTNING POWDER, 

The strongest and cleanest Powder made. Nos. 1 
to 7, packed only in sealed 1 lb. canisters. The coarser 
sizes especially are recommended to owners of line 
breech-loading guns, giving great penetration with 
very slight recoil. 

OKANGE DUCKING FOWllM!, 

For water fowl. Very strong and . !. an Nos. 1 to 
5. Packed in metal keg, of i,-J lbs. each, and in eunis 
tersof 1 amis lbs. 

AUDUBON POWDER, 

Very quick For woodcock aud quail Nos, 1 m.(. 
Packed in metal kegs of 121 lbs. and »J lbs., and iu 
pound canisters. 

OKANGE RIFLE POWDER, 

The best for rifles and for all ordinal 1 ? purposes. 
Size- F.g, I'T.g. EFF.g. the last being the linestaild 
most u-od. Packed in wood and metal kegs of 25 
lbs.. l-H lbs., and li{ lbs., and in cauisiers of 1 lb. and 



LAFLIN &RAND POWDER Co., 



Pritchard Brothers, 

No. 94 Fulton St., N. Y. 

ALL KINDS OF 

Fishing Tackle 

Made aud repaired with the iitmoto despatch. 

THE BEST SELECTION OF TROCT AMD SAL- 
MON BOOS. REELS, LINES A\D FLIES. 
Medals awarded at tba World's Fair aud American 
Institute for our superior Artificial Flies. -i- 

"Tames ratcliffeT 

Rochester, New York, 

Manufacturer of Flies. 

Of all descriptions. Trout and Basa Flies, suitable 
for the waters of Northern New York and Pennsyl- 
vania, a specialty. Orders solicited and will receive 
prompt a ' 

w. 



-4. B^RrVTLVI, 

Syracuse, N. Y. 

Guns, Revolvers, Fishing Tuckle, Base- 
Ball Supplies, *e„ &c 

A good double-barrel, ceutral fire, breech-loading gun 
sent to any addresa for $40- 

evEKY er.N warranted. 

ABunanition »f the very bost quality a epwUltr. 



FOREST AND STREAM. 



!-• 



Montoii, 



W. & C. SCOTT & SONS 




Breech Loaders. 

WIX\"EH*OFT0E CI N TRIAL 001873. 
Seofct'E OiNaWated Book on I'.r.-.'.li loa c- 
liy nmil. Ri-pm'i of Gun Trial -em on application. 

WM. REM & SONS, 

1 ti l?a ikmuI Hall Sja„ Tiostoii. 

Uso all oilier Tuufces. Greener, wcatley Rloluuds, 
Wcnley, Remington, WeBson, Ac 

a . lelaruiua ed S(«eJ Braeohjoadet, with in- 

, i ■ !i| Slid. 
Bttasey'a Gyro. Pigeon Trap, with 100 birds for 



Flue Bronze Yacht Guns on mahogany carriages 
Complete, us furnished the_ New York and Bosion 

Yacht S,,u r idrOUI 



J rili .'mi ci,;c i i \i;s. 



BRADFORD & ANTHONY. 

186 Washington St., Boston. 

IMPORTERS, MANUFACTURERS & DEALERS TN 

I^i^liiiig- Tackle, 
Fis^lxing- Ittods, 
Fislx Hooks, 

AND 

ANGLING IMPLEMENTS. 



§ffoi[tsnwt's (§00 ds. 



ALBERT C, KUCK, 

-,,.-, Jt f.--tot„5. J. PLUMB.) 

32 Park Row, New York. 

Opposite New Pj ft, Nlffl vm 



ASD DBAI.KIt IN ALL KINDS OV 

FISHING TACKLE, GUNS, 

REVOLVERS. 

Skates and Sporting Goods. 



mm, 



Clark «£c SSii.eid.ev, 

MANUFACTURERS of the 

& TV 15 1 13 E JR 

PATENT BREECH-LOADING SHOTGUN 

ALTERING 
Muzzle-Loading Ouns ta Breech-Loading 

A SPECIALTY. 
WHITE FOE PARTICULARS. 



Ewtatolisliea in 1 837. 

J.B. Crook&Co., 



^iscelfoiicous. 




EST A BUSHED 1849. 

J. B. McHARG & CO. 

ROME, N. Y.j 



description, ana maiiuiuciure.rs ui 

Fishing Taukle in all its Varieties, 

tnclnrtingall styles of Bass. Salmon and Trout Flies 



HAVANA LOTTERY. 

Important Notice. 

For the coining drawings, commencing Jamiar, 
we have reduced the price of tickets as follows: 

Wholes $20, h $10, ±$5, 1-5 $4.1-10 82,1-5 

Drawings take place every seventeen days. 
We are prepared ro till all orders. Circular: 
anon application. Highest price paid for Sp 
Bank ['.ills, Governments, Etc. 

TAYLOR & CO., Uniiken 
1 I Wall street. IVirw V-, 



FISHING TACKLE! 

no ifiiltou St., jN. Y. 

Oreen Hart, Split Bamboo, Log Wood, Fly 
and Salmon, Rodn, a Specialty. 



WM. S. KIMBALL & CO.'S 

KOCHESIEK. N.Y. 

PEERLESS & PLAIN 

FINE C ING, 

Vanity Fail- 

•; Cut Cavendish SHioking. , 
jk your Dealer, or send direct tc 

ok" ■■ :. ■ ." ■' '- - ''.'!■'-: 



Vienna, Austria, Nov. 30, 1873. 
Mtvrs. Win. S. Kimball & Co. : 




N. Y. Safety Steam Power Co. 

Office : SO CO URTLANDT ST. 

BUILDERS OF 



STEAM ENGINES AND BOILERS 




Steam Launches & Yachts, 

And their Machinery a Specialty, also Machinery for • 
TUGS, LIGHTERS AND STEAMERS, 

Propeller Wheels of Superior Efficiency. 
SEND FOE ILLUSTRATED CIRCULAR. 



THOU BOTTOMS OP YACHTS, BOATS, 

Jj , v c-OEVLON PLUMR/WJO, Git I'.I.AGK LEAD 
-perfectly pure, prepared expressly for above nee. 

Orders liy nmil will receive pr p 



A. B. WAGNER, 

PURCHASING AGENT 

" FOK 

Sportsmen's Goods, &c, 

23 Murray Street, N. Y. 

Rfeereuee. Proprietors Fobf.st amiStjihaji. 



A0/rfi_ 

H UNT1, N IG, f&^XBAm!^ 



E2stal>lisli«a 1 S-43. 

Breecli and Muzzle Loading 

Guns, lis, Pistols, 

Sportsmen's Apparatus, 

A31MUNITION, 

Materials Cor Gun-Makers, Ac., 

WliOlesaifi and Retail, Guns made to order, or re- 
paired in the Pest, manner. 

ALEXANDER McCOMAS, 

j« If: Nu. 51 South Calvert at., Baltimore. 



Miscellaneous. 



ANDREW CLERK & CO. 

48 Maiden Lane N.Y., 



K 



1 1 . 1 . . ; - ■ . 1 ,) 



rn 



tlie til 



ed States. They particularly call 



TROUT, ti.ALMOiV AAD BASS RODS. 

Every variety of Salmon and Trout l-'llea, and Hooks 

oiiGii! Cuttj Hunk ane Pasaue Islands Bass Lanes-, 

waterproof Hmided Silk Lines, every size and quality of 

SILK, LINEN AND COTTON LINES, 

And every Variety and Style of 

jF 1 S H HOOKS. 



Rnckv Mi 
the Adir.u 
Split Una 



1 Hoils mid Reels 



HAZARD POWDER CO., 

MANUFACTURERS OF 

Sporting, Rifle and Target 

GUNPOWDER. 

"ELISOTKIC." In 1 11). canisters. 
"AMERICAN Sl'OHTINi;," in 1 Hi. cans and (ij lb. 
kees. 
«'DUCKSHOOTlN(;."No. 1, S, 3, 4 and 5 grain, in 

and ,. in eta- . d I',' d, I:,-.- 

■■ KENTUCKY PJFLE." in lib. and fl 11>. canisters. 

'■KENTUCKY '(1FLE.- FFFG and FFG and 
'' SEA SHOOTING'' EG in keys of 35, Id}, and 6 i lbs. 
and canisters of f> lbs,. 

Superior alining and Blasting' Powder. 

" tnpowders are supplied l,y 



Agents Tor the St. Lawrence Fisldii" Co. bole Im- 
pi.l'tevs of WarrinS C.-leb rated Drilled 
4-2P Eved Needles. 



lent c_. 

.,, , 



88 WaU Street, New TToi-lc. 

A. G. HA7ARD, President. 
Thos. S. Poi'E, Secretary. 




Fishing Tackle, 

Rods, Reels, Lines, Artiilcial Flies, Nets, 
aits, Fisli Hooks, Etc. 

Split Bamboo Fly Rods and Reels 

OF THE FINEST WORKMANSHIP. 
Tackle suitable for Maine, Adirondack, Canadian 
and other fishing. 

ARTIFICIAL FLIES DRESSED TO ORDEB. 
BREECH AND MUZZLE LOADING GUNS, 
And spur! sinens' goods of all kinds 

Miiiml'neliireil end Imported liy 

BARTON, ALEXANDER & WALLER, 

tOl & IOS DUANE ST.. (near 
Broadway) New York. 



^iscelkneon§ r 



SIM D. KEHOE, 

THE " INDIAN CLUB MAN," 
WITH 

P. WROTE & CO., 114 East 14th St., N. V. 

KEHOE'S INDIAN OLTJBSi __ 

KEHOE'S PATENT STK1KINT, BAG. 

KEHOE'S HEEL ['ADD EI) BOXING GLOVE, 
GOODS SUNT C, (). D. 

Send foi Mil 1 1 iK's 111. i. ti-afed ( 'iilaliiL'tic, Id Hat I 
14th street. New York. j..n258m 




F.GROTE&CO. 

Turners & Dealers 
in Ivory, 

114 East 14th St., N.Y 

Billiard Balls, Clotb, Cues, &c. Ten Pin Balls and 
Pins. Ivory and Bene Checks, and all other kinds 
of Ivory Goods. 4-56 



Established 1847. 

LEATHER GOODS. 

KID, BUCK AND DOGSKIN GAUNTLETS. 

Buckskin Shooting and Eisliiiiif Breeches 
and Leggings lor Summer and Fall. 

LEATHER UNDERSHIRTS AND DRAWERS 

BUCKSKIN RIDING AND HUNTING SUITS, 
BOXUNG GLOVES. MOCCASINS LEATHER LI\ - 
ERY BREECHES, &c. xc, &c. 
Skins dressed and made up as may be desired, 

C.Fielcl&Co. 

IMPORTERS and MAMIEAIJTirREHS. 

739 Bvoitclwii;*', TV. Y. 



J. WALLACE, 

Naturalist & Taxidermist 

FOREIGN BIRD SKINS AND AKTIF1- 
CIAL EVES, 

19 N. William Street. New York. 




Mocking Bird Food, &c, 



55 01ia,tjV±&m Street, 

3d door from N.William. MEW VORIi. 

WE GIVE THE HIGHEST PRICE FOR LIVE 

SPECIMENS OF THE 
BEAVER, OTTER, 

BEAR, WILD CAT, 
MOOSE, ELK, 

ANTELOPE, 
AND ALL KINDS OF WILD AMERICAN ANI- 
MALS AND BIRDS. 
C'has, liinrai!. 11-BS 



H. W. C0LLENDER, 

SueeKSSonTo PHELAN & COLLENDER, 

[ANUPACTTIREK8 OF TUB 

STANDARD AMERICAN 

BILLIARD TABLES, 

OK FIVE A. YD WABEROOMti > 

TVo. 738 BROADWAY, 




CHAMPAGNE, 

A 117A T £ OF i:\RIVALLEI) EXCELLENCE 
A NJJ Pl'EITY. 

A. ROCHEREAU & CO., 

Sole Agents for the Usited States and Canada. 
Mo. * SOUTH WILLIAM STREET. 



Springers, or Field Spaniels. 

T HAVE PUPS OF THIS BREED FOR 
X sale. Arc Lhit best Woodcopk and Huffed Cirouse 
doits in the world. Color liver and white— perfect 
beauties, Age two months. Price, $25, Address 
M. P. M'KOoX, Franklin. Del Co., N.Y. 



Spri n sers ! Sprin gers ! ! 

T HA V l<: THREE FTPS OF THE FINEST 
X blood, from my thoroughbred bitch, and sired bv 
Pattlson'B imported dot' " Bose," Parties desiring 
a dog for woodcock or grouse, and at the same time 
a splendid retrmver for duck, can now secure one that, 
it will be u pleasure toown. Price JBO. 
July 23 E. E, PHELPS. Auburn, N, Y. 



To Fish Ciiltunsts. 

T HAVE AN KXC El. LENT LOCATION 



itli lat 



more of mldilional por.ds at -mall e.vpmise. There is a 
neat dwelling, bnrii and four acres oi land. 1 will sell 
cheap, on easy terms, or join a competent oarty in 
stocking the place. U. STEWART. 

AlllVJati. l<j,i, nil'i: it! 'M:', lii'oudwu, N i - 



PATENT AUTOMATIC MUZZLE. 

[From .y.j". Times, June 22 
'• Mr. Borgh has 




THE LAST REVISED EDITION OF 

GFur. Fin, and F'eather, 
AME LAWS 'FOR 1874 

Of all tin- Stales ami Canada, be-idis !l vast funil of 
nscrn. informal ion on llcuini" and Fishing. Pi-:.-,- 
SO rents. For sale bv Ginsmiths. Fishing Tiicklu 
dealers, mid News Is - cvci v.v lime. Mailed on re- 
ceipt of price by CHARLES SUYDAM. Pnlil^her, 



" I^jK^IjOjKIS AT L73X." 

I>R. VEGV AH,\.\GO'S 

South American Antidote. 




INSTANTLY CURES MOSQUITO BITES. 

For sale bv all Druattisis at £fi cents per vial. 

CARLE & STRONG, l.Yl Water St.. N, Y. 
General Agents for United Stales and Canudas 



Real English Boxing Gloves. 

Imported, and llie best American Gioves manufac- 
tured by SHANNON, Mild lil! * CRANE, No. 411 
Maiden Lane, N. Y. Fairipialitv J.i per set of two 
pair; I'ancv and eilra from %\ to $10. 
P. S,— Goods seni O, O. 1). everywhere. 



Green & Ailing, 

TOP SNAP ACTION BREECH L0AD1NU 

SHOT GUNS, 

Muzzle loaders Altered to Breech loaders. 

Durability and shooting qualities good aa new guns. 
Send for Price List. 3 West Main at., Rochester, N . Y 



t(> 



FOREST AND STREAM, 



gpoqi&mn'n §aatls. 



SCHUYLER, HARTLEY 

19 Maiden Lane, 20 * 22 John street, IV. V. 

BREECH LOADING GUNS 




Breeeli-L 

itnrad by 

.Messrs. W. & C, SCOT 1 

' ' ■ , i I .-. 

A Full line of J e 

PISTOLS ANT) RIFLE 
»IXO\S*HUVKSL 
To insure good shootiti 

STURTEVaXT 1 
manufactured by 
Bridgeport, "* 



:tly OX HAND. 
T1AG TACKLE. 

.■ch-loadiiu; Guns, 




r.sa 

AGENTS FOR TnE 

Union Metallic Cartridge Com- 
pany's Ammunition, 

WARRANTED THE BEST IN THE MARKET. 
SEND FOR CIRCULAR. 



D. HODGMAN & CO., 

27 MAIDEN LANE, NEW YORK, 
LARGEST ASSORTMENT 

India Rubber Goods 

COMPRISING 

Rubber Trouting Pants, 

1 hiiii* Stockings, 

Camp Blankets, etc. 

Comp lete Sporting& Camp ing Oii tf it. 

J. C. CONROY & CO., 

05 Fulton Street, New York. 

TSTPORTER9 ASP MASrFACTL'HERS OP 

Fish Hooks and Fishing Tackle. 

Would invite the attention of amateurs to their 
large stock of fine goods, specially prepared for the 
war,'- of those visiting the Long Island Cubs, the Ad- 
irondacks. Lake Superior. I he Maim-, woods, and the 
Black Bass re-ions. A full stock of their unrivalled 
Fly rods for Trout and Salmon, and the famed "Mc- 
..;;::; I'.:.-.- Kods constantly on hand. 

Nine Silver Medals and the oulv Gold one ever 
awarded were received by mem for "the superiority of 
iheir goods. 

i^L 652 BROAl>WAY>N. T. < V 7 

Bridal Presents, 

Watolies, Jewehy, 
Clocks, Bronzes, 

MUSICAL BOXES AND E ANCY GOODS, 

Al Greatly Reduced Prices. 

Ve J. Magnin Guedin & Co. 

Sole Agent! for the Celebrated 

JAIVSES NARDIN WATCH. 



* 



652 BR0A1W 



IAY.X.Y. ^ 



CHICAGO 

SHOT TOWER CO., 

MANUFACTURERS OF 

STANDARD 

DROP AND BUCK SHOT 

BALLS AND BAR LEAD. 

Onraiin is to manufacture an article oi SHOT thai 
is unsurpassed in ROLNDNEss. s.iI.IDITY. Pea- 
fection of POLISH, Uniformity of SIZE, ami Accu- 
racy of WEIGHT, in each bag Orders horn the 
Trade solicited, and will he filled at 

The Lowest Market Prices. 

B. W. BLATCHFOED, President. 
C. F. GATES , 1 .itin 35 Iy 

MEAD'S PATENTSAFETY 

EXPLOSIVE BULLET, 

METALLIC CARTRIDGES. 

Calibre—.';;. »i. S3. 44, 4ii, 50, &c. 
Also, BOMB-SHELLS for 12 and 10 satige Shot Guns. 
JOHN P. MOORE'S SONS, GUN DEALERS, 
300 Broadway, New York. 
Bind for Circular, Oetcrtbiiig effect, on GrizUu Bears. 



JR JKJ31 1 IX G T03 'SI 

L o n g R a ii g e , a r e e c li I. o a <l i n g 

TABGET RIFLE. 





Weight, 10 Pounds. 
Length of Barrel, 34 incliei 
Calibre, 44-100 Inches. 



By a i iietnl examination of the records (see this paper May 21st to July ai inclusive.) it will he seen that 
the above RiHe -lands over :W PER CENT, ahead up to date, in the average of all the Lou- l!-.t. -.- mn.-iu « 
that have taken place this year, and winner Nine out of Twelve FLliST PIGZ'-s ;iichd'n-"ilic ■•Rem- 
ington Diamond," " Amateur I'luh" and " Amateur Club Loxq R/i.i'l" Lad" Liiriir- im.de the in.'Lc-l -.ore 

ever made at Creedmoor. Send for illustrated treatise on Kill... shooling/just nut for t. nt'c ■■.. 
ing the above Rifles. Sent, free. 

KREMINGT0N&S0NS, 281&283,Broadwan,N. Y. 

MANUFACTORY, ILIOIX, N. Y. 



JOSEPH C. GRUBB JCO.,712 Market Si, Philadelphia. 




.'...; EN TS FOR THE SALE OF THE 

CELEBRATED CENTRAL-FIRE BREECH-LOADING GUNS 

MATTE JSY 

James Purdey, No. 3141 Oxford Street, London, 

Desire to inform Dealers and Sportsmen who mav wish to pureha-e these Guns, unsurpa-se.l for Finish Durabil- 
ity and Power, that they have a supply of 10 and 12 bores, and will import ..71. ,-;•// '/«),.-■ to otd.-rat -ho: •!• ••■ 



Hegemans Patent Portable Folding Boat. 



For use as LIFE-BOATS, ' 
LIGHTERS. Dingies, Do- . 
rys, on board Steamers, ' 
Yachts and other Vessels. > 



jfAlso for Sportsmen, Tour- 
ists, Trappers, Exploring 
Expeditions, Parties Camp- 
Out, &c. &c. 



Above cuts show the Uoal luldcd onrl uni'olili-d. P'<j 
JOSH KKRKMAN, llallsiou S 



Shannon, Miller & Crane, 



MILITARY, 



No. 46 Maiden Lane, New York. 

m 



I 



ROWING SUITS A SPECIALTY. 




Fine only Eiigrlitsh 

BREECH LOADING Gl T >'S, 

C° F d^Urf 51 *^ Offer advantaces in the pnrcnase 

*S? ^ of FINK Gl KS.possible only to 

' tnrer. who trades di 

! sport-men. 




VENN'S 

P£fl?S£ ImTfiEVO LY1*G 

NEW TROLLING SPOON. 



TjioffertnethlaTrollrngJiaittol 

facttner feels confident he b 
bait to sn.ii perfection that i 

.rlty over all oilier 
Base, Pine, Pickerel. Tiv.m. s.,i„i,,n 
io. ...'••. ,v. , . ide— No. X 

.1 pound- weight; No. 21 lor lisli under 
.. [fnot 10 be fon 
,kle stores, Huso S| 



in t 



.mifi. 



i- 1.\ 



ail, 



JOHN H. MANN, Svi.t 



ecialty. and for 
brated the world 
miab.wlllch will 

ii price and de- 
application to 

BRANCH HOUSE, 29 Maiden Lane, 

Corner Nassau street, New York. 
Manufactory, Pioneer Works. Birmingham, England 



forwarded by 

Sew York 

Field, Cover and Trap Shooting. 

BvCr.pt. A. E.BoeardUS, ChampTon Wing Shot of 
America. A valuable book for all sportsmen. Con- 
taining practical hints and instructions for marksmen 
of the present day. upon guns and dogs, their use, 

&c: haunts and habits of game birds, water fowls, 
&c. Large 12mo., cloth binding, 250 pp., S2.00. 

The Fohkst wd Stbeah will receive oiders and 
will furnish Captain Bogardria' hook when published, 
about October 1st. 




n of magazine guns for 
natipns is only a qnestion 
arm shall be devised which 
-inirU' breecii-loadcr, as the 
l-ioaiiing arms, and shall at 
re and easily manipulated 
io* 0/ jmi/lic policy will re- 

the experiments before the 
on Magazine System have 
h the merits of this gnn, 
in- n. -.v.-'.: fulfilling the eon- 
111 jut other tried by them 
v knowledge, and it does 
of magazine muskets be 
iei trial In the field." (9ee 



: Special Maga- 
to 8 cartridges, 
i. of lead. 8 to 10 
;ording to finish. 
I for Oiecdn.001 
of lead, carrying 
om $100 and up 



frot 



1 $40 



1 1 . vr • .15 1.1 li 1 Uii 5 

Care Ward & Co., 54 Wall St., N. Y. 

PA \i it A PO— Lovelier Hum the Bay of 
Naples; most magnificent views: the Ocean 
diiulv -ecu in the distance: the Lighthouse; the Isl- 
ands dotting the hay, with their beautiful green car- 
pels: shtpa grandly passing till far out of view; 
-ti-ain.-r.- likeMise receding from the sight bound 
•. a.lit- dancingi the gaily decorated 
boat dobs, conspicuous among which 
are the scarlet of the Tritons, tne magenta of" the vie 
: nira-. tiie blue of the" Bavonnes, and 
..lv hues of tin- liaiea.onts, the Oliei- 
lio vo.i want f.shingj Here It 
Old Robins' Reefs can tell you 
thataronnd her rockj si.h.--, snort all the variety of 
in prolilic supply. 



JachtB are in twi 

Health relgOfl sii] 
shows (few Jersey 
The rate of increa 
cent., in Nc«' Vo 
only 5 per cent 
eny street, and 1 

:.:,d lots f" 
sail. In 



i.rio, ;inii 1.1 |i. oi,... ^ii^>j,(, . 

hours loaded with the blue fish 
rely trolled for In these waters. 
mac The census lately taken 



rfomce, i7Chatbin 



isf.'i'I'i aALLOOK, Forest and 



THE COMMODORE'S 

SIGNAL BOOK 

AND 

VADK MECUM, 

CONTAINING 

i.i Aii.ANTI.'. PACIFIC AND cOA.-i STEAM 
SHIP FLAGS. FlNNHl.S AND NIGHT SIG- 
NALS; CHARTS OF ALL THE I.N1TED 
STATES YACHT CI. II! FLAGS: PRI- 
VATE SIGNALS OF YACHTS: 
LIST" "FnFFlCKl.-X'F YACHT 
ci.FI'.s F.ii: is;i -. N UIFs 

REGATTA DAYS: LIFE' >>ViN.. s T ATIONs; 
TIDE TAIll.Es. ,te. Ac. 
Compiled from official sou... -. bj 

THOMAS MANXIMv, 

138 Fulton Str. • . 
And published under the auspices of il.e ( iinard 



Thee 

■< '!'•: 



■' car.-rully made, and is 

.1 lypnirra pineal work Mill be in tbe 
best style. 

Subscribers reinitlii.t; the puce of the work, with 
name and address, either to Hie Compiler, to John 
Filmer, 898 Broadway, or to FOJTBST and Stbeam 
Publishing Cu., New York, will have a copy forward- 
ed as soon as published, moiled freu. jly2 

CI CUCDICC . . .MADE TO ORDKil 
rlOriLniLO. for t he trade. Every va- 
riety of Net. Scm,', Dr, rk-.-\ A.'. -11: ed 10 Sea. Lake, 
Pond or River. AMERICAN NET ,\NTj TvYlNEC > , 
Bost,cn L *.=>-6m 

Inisiiicss (liaiice. 

THE MACITIKERY. TOOLS, FTX- 
TURF.R and Patent for he manufacture of the 
most perfect, Btmple and reliable BREECH LOAD- 
ING SHOT GUN ill ihe market. Can be bought at a 
bargain, if applied for immediately. Sample gun may 
be seen at the office of FobBBT asb Sinriit, between 
8 and 5 o'clock P. M. The machinery Is new, in per. 
feet order, and capable of turning out i3,O00 guns per 
unuuin 




NEW YORK, THURSDAY, AUGUST 20,1874. 



For Forest and S'ream. 
TROUT JERKS. 



MR "JOLLTBOT," wearied or city ways, 
Of his treadmill tramp, in the ronnds of trade: 
And as he perspired, through summer days, 

He thought of the country, and cooling shade. 
Until the purpose grew strong in him 
To do a bit of rural sport; 
So at it he went, with accustomed vim, 
And hence this most veracious report. 

He had heard of the trout, and resolved to try 
And whip a few of the mountain brooks; 
For, soys he to himself. "It's all in my eye, 

This talk about skill in the use or hooka; 
I ain't such a clumsy hoh-de-hoy 
As not to know how a nibble feels; 
i used to catch "shiners" when a boy, 

And was seme on catDsh, suckers and eels. 

Then he hied away to a tackle vender. 
Where an angling outfit he bought complete: 
Some lines were stout and some were slender. 

With hooks, ami Hies that could'nt be heat. 
He bought a little of everything 
That the dealer suggested might "come in play," 
from a bamboo rod to a "clearing ling," 

And a creel of a size to last ail duy. 

He had wading boots to reach the thighs, 
And boxes for various kinds of bait: 
A pair of goggles to shade the eyes, 

And tourist's books of the latest date. 
His clothes were "the color of forest trees," 
(He had always heard that such were best); 
Hie hreeches buttoned below the knees, 

And his coat had pockets in flaps and breast. 

After four and twenty hours or more, 
An old stage stopped with sudden lurch, 
Where the landlord stood at his open door, 

And villagers lounged about the porch. 
The city man (wisliing to seem an fait). 
Thought the trout on the dinner table small. 
And arranged for a lengthy trip next'day— 

"He'd show some fish to beat, 'em all." 

Then full of zeal, with nerves all steady, 
He got his bran new tackle ready; 
With eager eye. and careful tread, he 

.Essayed work piscatory. 
He plunged through holes and climbed o'er boulders, 
He barked his shins aud bumped his shoulders. 
Unseen of critical beholders, 

guiltless of victims gory. 

Thus, till the noon -tide hour drew nigh, 
ne faithfully the stream did try, 
Mosquitoes bit, but trout were shy; 

The prospect was most, gloomy. 
He stopped to lunch, and smoke, and mnee. 
Wished for thin coat and easy shoes, 
And grimly rubbed Mb latest braise, 

And viewed his creel, so roomy. 

While waiting in this doleful plight, 
A bareroot urchin hove in sight, 
Jerking the trout from loft and right, 

.Willi sore manipulation. 
His pole was a crooked alder thing, 
Hook dangling from a bit of string. 
I 'areless lie seemed at every Uing. 
In juvenilo elation. 

Spying the stranger where lie sat. 

The urchin in the torn straw hat 

Flopped over the brook to have a chat 
Aud ask "what luck a-ustdn'," 

11<: saw the gentleman's kmky line, 

The shiny reel and rod so fine; 

"Oh! goliy!" says, ha, "if them was mine- 
Just, what I always was wishin'." 

Well, they made a compact by the brook. 
The would-be angler some lessons took, 
The-lad got lines, with many a hook. 

And a shiny, silver dollar. 
Then they tramped the stream with soug and shout, 
By jerks alternate they "yanked" the trout— 
A couple of Jollyboys, no doubt, 

The teacher and the scholar. T. W. A. 



For Forest and Stream. 



S nt ld<tg ffnstimej in ^dvm\ii. 

The Sabbath a Uollilay-Masa-Vnlle de Oallos-Biahop's Garden - 
Street Sceuea— Grnud Ball at the Captain General's. 



—A Buffalo paper announces that by the recent burning 
of an ice house there, twenty thousand tone of ice were 
'reduced to ashes." 



AS in all Spanish countries, the Sabbath is a general 
holiday in Havana. The first sound that greeted us 
at early dawn was the clanking of the irons as the chain 
gang passed up the street from their bard beds at the Pre- 
sidio. Our Coolie waiter brought us a cup of delicious 
coffee, which we sipped while, making our toilet. As we 
had a round of sinful pastimes marked out for the day, 
including a cock-fight and a ball at the Captain General's, 
we concluded to compound for some of them by attending 
mass at the old cathedral where the ashes of Columbus 
repose. One by one the worshippers file in — chiefly fe- 
males — with neatly attired slave girls bearing rugs in their 
arms, on which the Senoras devotedly kneel in front of the 
altar. Sombre-looking padres, attended by several juve- 
nile and not sombre-looking incense bearers, officiate in the 
chancel, while a choir of eunuchs chaunt music of bewil- 
dering sweetness from away up under the stained arches in 
•the gallery. A portly priest ascends a little pulpit on the 
right, and rehearses the service in pure Oastilian, and then 
passes to a pulpit on the left and concludes the service in 
the same round, swelling, and sonorous dialect. Then the 
audience retires one by one; a venerable padre at the door 
condescending to show strangers the tomb of Columbus, 
and accepting with Christian humility and gratitude any 
consideration therefor which the recipients of his courtesy 
may choose to bestow. There is an interesting history con- 
nected with the transfer of the ashes of Columbus to Hav- 
ana; but as I am recording Sunday pastimes, I must hurry 
on, and leave the "groat Colon" in his ivy-crowned mau- 
soleum. 

Returning to our hotel, we find breakfast almost over, 
and, with the dispatch for which our countrymen are 
noted, we do ample justice to the bill of fare, which em- 
braced fish, beefsteak, corn cakes, oranges, plantaius— fried 
and raw— Catalan wine, and coffee. After breakfast we 
took a quitrin for the "Valle de Gallos," or cock-pit. It 
is related in this connection— and with how much truth I 
cannot say— that the priests not long ago were in the habit 
of hurrying through with their morning service in order 
to get good seats at these great popular spectacles' An 
American friend, who kindly offered to act as a cicerone 
for our party, insisted on purchasing tickets of admission, 
which were twenty-five cents each. The place consists of 
a round, covered atnpitheatre, with seats like those of a 
circus. Overhead, and commanding a full view of the en- 
tire arena, is a little gallery, occupied by^he august judges. 
Adjoining this structure is another, almost its counterpart, 
where the negroes are engaged in the national diversion— a 
refreshing evidence that civil rights bills have not yet dis- 
turbed the social life of the "ever faithful isle," so-called. 
As these spectacles have been dignified as national pastimes 
among the Spanish people, I surveyed the crowd with some 
interest, but looked in vain for any considerable element 
save the lower classes; and, to the honor of the Cuban la- 
dies, not a single female was present in the motley assem- 
blage. 

'Die chickens were brought in and weighed, and the ring 
was cleared of all save the trainers, who proudly held the 
birds up for general inspection, and bantered the crowd for 
bets. The feathers had been clipped from their tails, 
wings, and necks, and 1 was told thaL they had been regu- 
larly trained and dieted for the contest with as scrupulous 
care as an athlete is prepared for a prize fight or a foot 
race. They are permitted to fight with their natural spurs, 
which is a commendable refinement on the American bar- 
barism of murderous gaffs. As they were turned loose, 
they each alternately flapped their clipped wings with the 
most ludicrous mug froid, aud fairly made trie welkin ring 
with brave carol.* of defiance. Now the fight begins, ind 



it is so much like all other gallinaceous disputes that I need 
not rehearse its details. Blow after blow is struck with 
beak and spur, until one sinks staggering, blinded, and 
bloody under the superior prowess of the other. A truce 
is called, when aguadiente is squirted on their wounds 
from the mouths of their trainers, who also wipe them 
with the most delicate tenderness with the most spotless of 
white handkerchiefs. Meanwhile, the crowd is wild with 
excitement. The din of hundreds of voices produces such 
a jargon of noises that bets are made by the most ludicrous 
signs and gesticulations. I cau compare it to nothing ever 
seen or heard save the New York golrt room or stock board 
on a "field day" between the bulls and bears. At a given 
signal the birds again confront each other, and the conflict 
is renewed. Bets run high, and the confusion grows wilder 
and wilder as they struggle through the brief moments of 
the second round, when they are again cooled and re- 
freshed by their trainers as before. Bets now grow less 
active, as the waning powers of the weaker bird have al- 
ready almost decided the wager of battle. Bets are here 
and there taken at large odds on the faint hazard that a 
lucky stroke may yet turn the scale against the favorite. 
The third and last round is very brief — a well aimed thrust 
from the more vigorous chicken penetrating the breast of 
his plucky foe, and laying him dead in the arena. The 
whole contest lasted twenty minutes, and to me they seemed 
like almost as many hours, so dismally oppressive and dis- 
gusting were all the elements of the scene. The victor 
chicken was borne off in triumph, his trainer wiping the 
blood from his wounds, or affectionately sucking them be- 
tween, hit) lips! A few moments of confusion attend the 
settling of bets, in which the harsh tones of execrable. 
Spanish and the jingle of gold and silver distract the dis- 
gusted ear, when another pair is brought into the ring, and 
another round of similar diversion gives zest to the occa- 
sion. 

It is creditable to the Cubans that these spectacles are 
losing their attractions for the better classes, and are now 
chiefly patronized by the rabble. The youth of the is.and, 
however, retain a fondness for the excitement of the cock- 
pit, and a game chicken is quite essential to the happiness 
of a Creole boy, though he is taught to shun the vulgar 
accessories of these public contests. 

"Valle de Gallos," like the "Corrida de Taurus," or plaoe 
or bull baiting, is licensed by the government, and Sunday 
is, I was informed, the day fixed bylaw for the exhibitions. 
At any rate, custom has made that the popular day for 
their indulgence . 

Having gratified our curiosity to see a cock-pit, our little, 
patty— which, I should have observed, consisted of a gen- 
tleman from New York, one from Portland, Maine, two 
from Wilmington, N. O, and the writer— strolled back 
toward our hotel, that we might get, a better view of the 
customs of the day than could be gained from the hooded 
confines of the quitrin.* Shops and stores were open; 
workmen were at, their benches and tradesmen at their 
wares; donkeys were plodding along the narrow streets, 
almost hidden beneath the great loads of fodder, palms, or 
fruit piled upon their backs; carts, drawn by great oxen, 
with yokes attached to their horns, loaded with sugar or 
molasses, rolled lazily toward the wharf, and there was 
nothing but the almanac and our "inner consciousness" to 
remind us that it was the Sabbath. Little shows were, 
open at almost every corner, and the peculiar strains of 
the hand organ invited visitors to see some great monstros- 
ity or other device of strolling mountebanks who infest the 
city. As many of these are from the States, I should per- 
haps be a little blind to their insiduous snares. 

After dinner, weary of the sights and sins o! the city, I 
take an omnibus for the "Cerro," a suburban report three 
or four miles distant. Our party have some other diver- 
sion on foot, and 1 urge them in vaiu to joiu me. nere, 



+A quitrin is a two-wheeled vehicle, like the old fashioned "one hi 
shay" of Holmes, with long shafts, and a curtain In front to keep off 



horse 



18 



FOREST AND STREAM. 



again, was presented 
races, in Separate Btaj 
color," for Satnbo and 
buses, are of Americai 
the Cerro 



sensible distinction between the 
£ bearing a little flag, "Qentede 
is sisters. These stages, nr omni- 

lmild, and convey passengers to 
del Monte, and other' subur- 



ban villages— tare, 12j cents. We passed neav Fort Atares. 
a beautiful conical elevation covered with grass, and with 
cannon yawning around its circular crest. This is near the 
tares, and is memorable as the scene of the execu- 
tion of Crittenden and his tillibuster companions. As we 
rattle along the streets, a maze of strange scenes greets flic 
eye <m every band. Bright-eyed senoras are standing in 

the windows, winch are protected by prison-liki 

iron, and here and there a smitten swain stands outside the 
grating, gazing in silent admiration at the prisoned beau- 
ties. 1 was surprised to learn that such conduct is not. 
deemed impolite or offensive, but is a popular mode of 
paying homage to beauty. I have seen strangers stand 
with one foot ou 1he bub of a quitrin, gazing at the Benoras 
who occupied it, and who fanned themselves in compla- 
cent appreciation of the compliment. Great gateways, 
opening into broad court yards, reveal ou one side the 
family horse, munching his* fodder, and on the other, a 
few feet away, the family discussing their Sunday dinner. 
And seldom for a moment, in town or suburb, ate we un- 
able to see one or more soldiers — footprints, if you please. 
of the despot's heel, which still is stamped all over the 
"gem of the Antilles." Soon beautiful country villas greet 
us, with their rich outlines of orange groves, and majestic 
palms marking their borders. Reaching the vicinity of the 
"Bishop's Garden," I leave the omnibus and make' a short 
cut across an open field to survey that notable ruin. 
Clumps of bamboo fifty feet high grow along the borders 
of a bold stream, winch flows in an artificial chan- 
nel through the grounds. This garden was once the resi- 
dence of Juan dc Espada, a prelate of vast wealth, and was 
a place of great interest to residents as well as strangers. 
The hurricane of IS-i-i destroyed the mansion, tore up the 
trees, and broke many of the statues which ornamented its 
grounds, and now it is quite an unsightly ruin; but as Such 
is still an object of interest to tourists. Long avenues 
of mango, almond, and palm trees open out from the 
crumbling old mansion on three sides, and away in the 
shady vista, almost a third of a mile distant, are the bro- 
ken statues of mythological characters and Spanish nota- 
bilities of the olden time. Immense parks, where formerlv 
wild animals, collected from every part of the world, were 
SO be seen, are now grown up to tangled wastes, with here 
and there a green plaza, on which a few cattle were teth- 
ered to graze. The immense fountain is dry, and the great 
eircul&r basins, in enduring cement, which once contained 
fish of almost every known specie.,, are covered With green 
slime, and inhabited only by frogs. The flower garden, 
once ill'- envy even >f ro-.-aity. i, grown to a tangled 1.- lee, 
with here and there a.] ;,: .canty anrTfragranee, 

lingering to remind us of the past. I could in resist the 
iiif-liiialioii to gather a IffU of i hesc as souvenirs. This 
curiosity proved in several respects expensive and hazard- 
BUS, The moat was deep, and half tilled with mud, where 
1 soon found myself floundering amid brambles, while the 
flowers I sought, like the apples of Tantalus, seemed to 
ii • from my grasp as 1 pressed for them amid the tan- 
gled undergrowth. Afid when I had succeeded in gather- 
ing a few. and was scrambling for others, I put my hand 
within a few inches of what proved to he an imrneuse 
snake, seven or eight feet long! 1 became suddenly dis- 
gusted with gardens and flowers, and hurried out into an 
old pathway 'thai led back to the road, where I might hope 
to net a stage for the city. The flowers I had gathered at- 
tracted the notice of a villainous looking moutero, who 
seemed to have some sort of charge of the grounds, and he 
commenced an assault on me with the most violent souml- 
iiu gibberish, which my limited Spanish made wholly uu- 
inteSigjble, fie mixed" the word "dollar" with his miit- 
terings, and what between the villainous snake and his 
:iuii> aspect, 1 readily threw him a dollar to lie rid of 
i importunities. Ah! then he was the politest of me- 
nials, and insisted on presenting me with a bamboo cane, 
; i ii he more than intimated was of priceless value, 
though the street pedlars in New Toil: a eh better tor 

a dime. 1 know that infernal moutero has had many a 
laugh at the incident, but the pleasure of the wild adven- 
ture more than compensated me for the fright, the lorn 
toggery, and the. pecuniary outlay, and he is welcome to 
his dollar and bis laughter. 

My interview with the snake and the man of canes had 
li me a little indifferent to oiher matters, and as I took 
leave of the garden 1 observed thai the sun was just sink- 
ing behind the horizon. While I was wailing for a Btage 
he blackness of darkness enveloped the whole face of 
Nature, and called to mind the old familiar lines of Roke- 
bv:— 

v, |nli' li :,'..-' II yn'iH'ii 'i - . i'. 

No iwiligin hm - lii' ■ ruth alloy. 
With dirt- like lj;,u!" i.-agtr red, 
H<- i-i-' - • - ii . nine bed, 

■ i, ; .i iody Ik-la, 

.,,.. all is night 

It is but a mouieui. from sunset to darkness in the tropics. 

(tu reaching tbeholel 1 found my friends uneasy lest I 
liad fallen a prey to some ol the outlaws who infest the 
suburbs ; and in spite of my most solemn asseverations 
would not believe my snake story; 

After lea, which is a sim.u • ,■ i »■'. .on-tsling chiefly of 

trim-. andaMflM, we prepared for the grand banquet, At 

eight o'clock the American Consul cal I .1 -Mrs. Brewers 
tor the Americans who through him had received invita- 
tions, and proceeded with them to the "Plaza dee Arvtan," 
the beautiful little square ou which the Palace is located. 
It is a two-story structure, extending around a hollow 
square, and not especially regal in appearance. Until quite 
recently the lower story was partly occupied by small shop- 
keepers. Passing the guard we p) id HO a long stair- 

Way to i lie . BCi Ion rooms on the second floor. To the 
light and left on each stair bloomed a vase Of exquisite 
i is. ot every hue. while along the banisters blazed a 
ii at j a y of gas jets a few inches apart. The effe 
in- brilliant light, blazing amid such a wealth of floral 
beauty, audj fleeted from the gilded waits and a carpel of 
he richest scarlet, v. as very striking. The ladies received 
Hi, ,k- (or il.eir shawls, etc., in the ante-room, but the gen- 
,, ii retained their bats, and dawdled them in their band., 
.lining, 
isnaee forbids any detailed description or the gi 

say that it was characterized by ih£ presf 

time as the most brilliant ever given in Havana. All the 
notables of the army and navy, foreign consuls, 
marquises, and distinguished Americans, with their ladies, 



made up an elite assemblage we 
unpretending provincial from t 
alities of presentation wen ovi 
"the joyous dance" began, and 
most commendable perseveranc 
assemblage. Grave diplomats 
gossip of the political outlook 
gathered around such wall-ft 



calculated to impress an 

States. After the form- 
he bands struck up, and 
tas prosecuted with the 
by a large portion of the 
'hcred here and there to 
hile circles of admirers 
id of the dance, 



son for t 


re omission or ex- 


listant ( 


) be much sought, 


rtsmcu, 


JO the presence of 


» only s 


i far as it displays 



ffalo hi 


nt t 


■ aninn. 


a ,li 


ry ecu 


^:. 



often standing many minutes without, a word being uttered. 
Such is the polite mode of paving homage to theses, re- 
ferred to in another place. Ol the beauty of the ladies, or 
Of thai other topic ever near to their hearts— their toilets— 
I must forbear to dilate. There were many of rare 
personal charms, and wardrobes which in taste, elegance, 
ami cost, would have graced the richest "European courts. 
The slipper was bounteous, epicurean, regal, and was duly 
discussed from one to three o'clock, when the guests began 
to take their leave, and your corresponudenl sought his 
cool cot to dream of his first and last Sunday's experience 
of pastimes among the Havanese. 

S. A. Atkinson. 

X ZOOLOGY OF THE NORTHWEST. 

THE CERVID.it. 

IN my last communication I confined Ibc cervidie of the 
Northwest to the elk and the smaller species of deer, 
but since that was written I have made a tour to portions 
of the country not previously visited, and have learned that 
our more northern forests and mountains are the resort of 
both the moose and caribou. This remark will apply 
specially to Idaho and Washington Territory, where they 
join Ihe British line on the north, and in a more general 
sense to Montana and Dakota, but the precedence in num- 
bers must be conceded to the. latter and Idaho. lathis 
enumeration I exclude Pla.ska, as the caribou is more abun- 
dant there than in any other section of the country, espe- 
cially along the Peace and Yukon rivers in the circumpolar 
region of Ihe north; and tin 
elusion is that the place is t 
for many years at least, by 
the animal there is intere 
i graphical range or d: 
The Nimrod who wishes to enjoy the amusement of slay- 
ing the moose or caribou would find Idaho about as prom- 
ising a field as be could desire, as they are very common in 
the Kootenay and Ceeur d' Alene Mountains in the exi reme 
north. This" region is occupied exclusively by the Koote- 
nay, or long-knife tribe of Indians, and perhaps an occa- 
sional adventurous-seeker after Ihe golden treasure. There 
are no white settlers, so the hunter must be content with 
the companionship of a very soiled band of the "Sons of 
the Forest" if he would indulge bis taste for the chase 
among the larger eervidae. Shouldhe be possessed of ample 
means, he can engage a parly of N"ez Perce braves to ac- 
company him, and they will "not, only protect him from all 
bodily harm, but give him such lessons in hunting that be 
can truly boast of his experience ever after. This tribe has 
iputation Of being the most famous body of hunters in 
?t; and as for courage, that is proverbial, for during 
warriors march from three to 
the ground, and then capture 
their allies, but also defeat the 
This much I have said of these 
Indians for the benefit of such hunters as may think of 
visiting Ihe country for its wild, rugged and grand scenery, 
arid the splendid sporting it presents. My knowledge of 
the range of the large or woodland caribou, (r«j,., / 
bun,) I obtained from the Chief of the non-treaty or roving 
Kez Perces, that is, those who will not stay on reservations 
and who live on their herds and the fruits of Ihe chase. 
According to him it inhabits the dense coniferous forests of 
the Nortiferu Mountains of Idaho, and extends to the sub- 
Arctic regions of British Columbia. The best time for 
hunting it, is early morning or evening, when herds go to- 
gether for water or protection while grazing; for it is 
often a mailed by a hungry bear, or a ravenous pack of those 
large gaunt wolves indigenous to wooded, alpine plateaus. 
By keeping to the leeward of a herd it can be approached 
to" within good rifle range, so many fall an easy victim to an 
Ordinary adept in rifle practise. The Indians of Alaska 
and British Columbia kill large numbers with arrows, and 
still more bv digging pitfalls along their watering runway. 
Largest animal in their forests, it forms their lead- 
ing article of food, and its hide is used lor making wakinps 
Or Wig-Wams, while its bones are used for arrow tips, 
spoons and knives. The caribou is known to your readers 
by the name of reindeer, but a wide specific difference ex- 
:ii the species of ihe west and that of Europe. I 
am inclined to think that the American is the largest, for an 
adith varies from six to six and a half feet from the nose to 
base of tail, and from three and ahalf to four feet in height. 
The face, which is quite long, ranges between twelve and 
rifleen inches from nose to ear; the ears will average five 
inches in length-, an 1 the vertebral portions of the tail 

. ,, hi „ndahu)f inches. The color of the southern 

, , , I., i i, nsidei'abiy at certain seasons ol the year, 
but its spring garb is always the most gaudy, lis general 
hue, then, is a br ■ ..': r;l ue tips being a light gray. 
The nose, cars and exte.ior surface of the legs are brown- 
ish i the neck inclined to be the whitest portion of the body. 
The belly and lail are white, and a whitish band extends 
around each hoof. It makes a tine, bold study ou the fore- 
ground of an ceiling scene, among the mountain tarns of 
Northern Idaho, as it fulfils the ideal description of the 
Stag given bv Scott and other writer*. To see a herd to- 
gether is enough 10 make a follower of Diana indulge in 
ra ',.', cotiS exclamations of delight. 

The moose, [Ate* Anterkaiuu,) is loiind from Manitoba 
to the Upper Columbia River, between the parallels of 
foriy-eigbl and Bisty-five, hence it is a dweller in portions 

of Dakota and Idaho, and a lew seek the. northeasterly sec- 
tion of Washington Territory, beyond the Grand Coulee of 
Ihe Columbia, or rather the headquarters of streams flowing 
into this river from the north, such as ihe Spokane and A ak- 
ima. The principal hunting, after this species is done by the 

, .. ii umaiuous districts ol Idaho, as the. white 

men arc too busily engaged m delving for gold to enjoy the 
,, miry , ,, . ;, , , be Bbtckfeel Of Montana also bunt 

,, ibe autumn, 1 understand, but as my knowledge 
f tlii i.oier Territory does not, extend beyond the fellOW- 
stone or National Park, 1 am unable to be very explicit as 
to the habitat of the animal in that region, or to what ex- 
tent it is pursued. I learn lroin men ol experience m such 
mailers, that the western is somewhat larger than the east- 



ern species, but has the same general form and character- 
istics. I have never seen but three of the animals: two of 
these I saw alive in 3Iaine, and tfie other dead in a camp of 
Lumui Indhtus, in the northwestern part of Washington 
Territory. This tribe asserts that the moose is found along 
the Casc'ade Range north of Mount Rainier; and was form- 
erly quite numerous around the base of .Mount Baker, the 
BtOSl northerly snow peak in the Territory. I am inclined 
to believe them, as they have a name for it entirely distinct 
from that applied to the elk. They also gave, me another 
piece of information in natural history, and that was that 
the wild mountain goat {Apkictnr.* l\[,>t,(ut<ti,) is found in the 
Cascade Range, and that a white ptarmigan, i T< tr 
inhabits the same mountains. 

These two described complete the Cervidie of the North- 
west, which gives us seven species west of the Rockj 
Mountains, and by including this range, eight, as the Vir- 
ginia deer is found on the eastern border. The---- ■ 

wood caribou, {rangifer caribou |m ->. (ofe A.meHfqm. 

elk, u-erniit Ort.Mttlenvi*,) mule deer, {cen-tix miic-rntex.) Colum- 
bia black-tailed, (cermu Gofambianus,) white-tailed, > 
Oaten ;■((.*,') and the Virginia deer, (>. Virgimanus.) found in 
western Nebraska. This list does not include the hybrid 
of Whidby Islandnor the white deer of Oregon and Wash 
ington Terri ory. By giving these a place we have seven 
species and two varieties of deer in the great basin intert 
veiling between the Rocky Mountains on the east and the 
Pacific Ocean on the west, and between the parallels of 
forty-two and fifty five north latitude. This is the great 
animal belt of the country, and it must remain so for a long- 
time, as the westward wave of immigration cannot inundate 
this extensive area for many 3 r ears to come; it therefore 
presents the best field in the world for the keen sportsman, 
or, even enthusiastic angler. In reference to the white and 
spotted deer found in the northwest, I may add that there 
is little doubt of their being a distinct variety, if not species; 
but as W0 have names enough already, it would be better, I 
think, to classify them under the former term. During a 
recent visit to Whidby Island 1 learned much of these 
animals and found lliey were quite common, the spotted 
variety being, however, the most numerous. This is kept, 
as a pet in several houses along Paget Sound, owing to its 
peculiar markings, but all that I saw differed from the 
Oregon specimen mentioned in a previous article. Those 
found on Whidby Island are marked more loudly, the 
cheeks being generally reddish, the face white, the sides 
with alternate large patches of brownish red and while; 
belly and tail white; legs, below knee, chestnut tipped with 
white: muzzle black. "Some differ from this description 
bv being more or less mottled with various colors. No 
spot on earth can, I think, exhibit more deer to the square 
mile than this island, and yet a large number belong to the 
hybrid. From my examinations I would be apt to classify 
it as a variety of the white-tailed deer, and thinking BO, 1 
have classified it as rervn? leuptmn, variety « wdttii 

has been adorned bv the Museum of Natural Hi torj in 
Portland. It could be called by the lattei 'Specii tami 
quite appropriately, but it seems somewhat cumberous to 
elevate every variety to the dignity of a species. I learned 
from parties that these animals associate together and pro- 
duce their voung spotted like themselves, so from this I 
should deduce that the color is not accidental nor caused 
by climate. The white deer is found OU the- island quite 
frequently, sometimes as high as lour or rive in a herd. 
This gives us, of course, the clue as to the origin of the 
spotted variety. Another question here arises, and that is 
where did the white species come from? They retain their 
color throughout all the seasons, and, according to the tides 
of hunters and Indians, are found in various portions of 
the country. I heard of several thathad been domesticated 
on the island; one man having bad four of them for two 
or three vears. They were pure as driven snow from 
muzzle to "tip of tail, and from ears to hoofs. My time did 
not permit me to visit the owner, owing to the length of 
the journey, but my informant was the captain of a pas- 
senger steamer running ou the Sound, and a man of pro- 
bity. I learned from him also that the same species was 
found mar the Suoqualmie Palls at the base of the Cascade 
Range. Tins assertion was verified afterwards by a Sno- 
homish Indian known as the MtHBttih man, or deer hunter, 
among his tribe. Hespoke of having frequently seen bands 
of ten and fifteen together on the high trap ridge 
the Sound, but that they, as a general rule, sought the for- 
ests below the snowline. He also verified the statement 
that they retained their snowy coat at all seasons, and ad- 
ded thai" he thought them a distinct .species. I asked him 
to kill me one, but as he thinks them wandering spirits, he 
would not do it. I heard of this same animal in Northern 
California and Southern Oregon as a denizen of the Siskic- 
foii and Cascade Ranges, but it is not, apparently, as com- 
mon in these as the mountains further north and west. It 
is said to resemble the r, U.utnni* in general appearances, 
bill to have slenderer limbs and body more lilbe in outline. 
All who know of it think it a different species, so it is 
called the white or mountain deer. Not finding it men- 
tioned in zoological works I have denominated it a. aSnu 
I have given orders to hunters to procure me one if pos- 
sible; ami when 1 receive it I shall then make a thorough 
examination, I have written to a gentleman formerly on 
General McClellan's staff, who has a good opportunity of 
hearing of and studying this animal, and as the subject 
promises to be interesting to naturalists I shall forward you 
such facts about it us I may learn from time to time. 
Mohti.mf.k 8 : i 



For Form! and Stitam. 

TROUT IN NORTHERN MINNESOTA 
THE VEXED QUESTION SETTLED. 

THERE is uo locality on the. globe presenting to the 
tourist so many beauM 1 lakes as Minnesota. The 
visitor seeking -o m qni-'t rein >l from the cares of busi- 
ness ihe invalid hoping I'm an atmosphere that may give 

, ,".", strength to a debilitated organism, the sportsman 

, to \ ovi i - '. . I .,;'■- | ii'!-- gre - 1 a ■ I icililies for 

game than he bas heretofore met with, can leave St. Paul, 
the central commercial emporium of the northwest, by rail 
iueveiy direction, travel twenty, fifty or one bundled 
miles and at or between stations find jusl what Ins aspira 
tions crave. Along these numerous lines of Lravel, uuui- 
i,,.!,.- -,, - i , - used by the particular admirers 

of this or that locality, in favor Of the game and fish 
abounding everywhere: yet for variety, excellence and 
number, the Northern Pacific Line, in my opinion, excels 
them all. 
For all kinds of sport come to Brainerd. Here are all the 



FOREST AND STREAM. 



19 



conveniences fat camping out, cheap Outfits, boats, r.-K'klf-, 

ides, excellent hotel accommodations, and gentle- 
manly and obliging amateur sportsmen, ever ready to help 
creation. Here we have the great northern 

.1 ■ i J. ins thirty pounds. The 

■■ii. the Ik-: t of fish, excepting Ihe troul family, 
weighing froto throe tn twenty pounds excellent at all 
Tronl Lake, thkiy--fjve miles north of Btaluerd, 
niul sill tlic lakes, reservoirs for the Prairie River, a tributary 
of the Mississippi River, are full of speckled beauties, 
the genuin ■ r ■■■'v 1 have heard sportsmen from 

■ ! east recount their wonderful exploits in landing 
nine- pound trout from lakes and rivers in Maine and the 
Provinces. Having whipped many a mountain brook in 
northern Pennsylvania and western' New York, and never 
■ : i i pricking a "two pounder," I have not usually 
listened tn these recitals with much satisfaction. 1 take it 
all hack now. and with proper humility beg pardon for 
anv unjust, suspicion 1 may have entertained that these 
gentlemen were Irving to impose upon mv credulity. Such 

ust in this State, if not in Maine. The geological 
period in which the granite hills of Maine and \ew Hamp- 
shire were elevated, was cognizant of the working of the 
same forces in the northern part of this State. The forces 
that opened up their rock-ribbed granite channels were at 
work here at the same time. And the rippling brooks 
rifting our granite ledges are filled with "mountain brook" 
trout, as in the east. 

in the month of May last, a gentleman whose word is 
reliable, (hut who never shot a deer with a birch-hark lan- 
tern, route from Aikin to Braiuerd, assisted by a re- 
volver and a "heavily loaded" double barreled shot gun, 
that would not harm a deer if "Haviland," your whilorn 

■ 1 1 ondent, did manipulate it — see last number Fokkst 

■. u aught out of a lake with an outlet into 
Prairie Paver, three .mlmn jonl/wiH*. one weighing twenty 
pounds, one seventeen pounds, and one about lour pounds, 
much to his surprise, us he had, like many others, doubted 
the existence of large trout in this region." 

While at Gull Luke a few days since mine host of the 
Hotel de Gray gave his testimony of the proportions of 
many of the trout caught, in these upper lakes. And upon 
furtherinvestigalion numeinns panic- have - en and tasted 
the trout brought me by Indians, large silver-aided fellows, 
spotted enough to satisfy the most ardenl longings of the 
yearning sportsman. 

During next month a party of us will penetrate the 
wilds of Cass county. Equipped with all the delicacies of 
the trout epicureanism, with fly and net, tackle and rod. 
shot gnu and rifle, we shall explore the bottom of her 
lakes, examine into the hidden haunts of her deer, and 
promise that the first twenty pound trout; landed shall be 
forwarded on ice to the Foukst asd Stream, that the 
curious may have recorded evidence of the favorite sporting 
locality of the continent. "Haviland." as soon as he-re- 
covers/' from that "<' ' V! barrelled shot at the birch-bark 
lantern," will he eager for the frav. Bedford will be there 
with tape line balances and a ready reckoner, and the'large 
game will be proportioned Trttfi oiactest consideration of 
truth. Bedford. 

Bi'aine.nl, Jlhn>., Jul;/ 20th. 



For Fowl and Stream, 
BASS FISHING IN ONTARIO. 



Tarn convinced that the finest black bass fishing within 
easy access of New York city is to be found about the 
island that lies in Lake Ontario, a score or less of miles 
from where it merges into the St.. Lawrence River. T have 
fished every nook In the Thousand Islauds: have dragged 
my spoons in the clear water of Cayuga, Oneida and Cbam- 
plaia Lakes and have cast my flies' info the famous rapids 
id" the Oswego River— and with fiue success too— hut the 
memory of the sport around the islauds in old Ontario over- 
shadows everything else. I have just returned from there, 
and if I can describe my experiences, my enthusiasm will 
readily be pardoned. 

We' started from New York at six o'clock, evening, and 
following the Hudson River and Central road to Rome N 
Y, without change, our sleeping car was switched to Ihe 
Ogdensburg road. An hour after daybreak we found our- 
selves in the little village of Adams, in Southern Jefferson 
( Yinniy. Thence by stage two hours' aftenArd we were at. 
Henderson Bay, eight miles from the old town of Saekeu's 
Harbor. Here our yacht was in readiness and afresh 
breeze quickly wafted us to Galloo Island, (the map-makers 
sometimes spell it Galloup,) twelve miles away. 

While the boatman was transferring the luggage from 
the yacht to the shanty, the pari y tripped up on~a little hill 
just back from the bench and look a look about. The blue 
'line of the Canadian shore could just be discerned far to 
the left. Before us, fifteen miles away, was the vcrv be- 
ginning of the St . Lawrence River, and we had to look past 
Fox and Grenadier Islands to see where it commenced. To 
the right were Stoney, Calf and Little Galloo Islands, while 
far away to the northwest could just be discerned the tree 
tops on the Duck Island. The islands mentioned form the 
very beginning of the famous Thousand Island series, and 
in point of geological formation and vegetable growth, are 
neatly identical with them. The beach of the lake islets 
however, is covered with many layers of fine white pebbles 
that have been cast up from the depths of transparent 
water. The islauds are in part cultivated and have farm 
bouses on them, at which may be purchased bread, butter. 
milk and other luxuries of camp life at prices that might 
astonish a city housekeeper. Butter twelve cents, milk 
four cents, and spring chickens, he it spoken with remorse, 
eighteen cents, not a pound, hut a piece. "Why this cheap- 
ness?" I asked. "Twelve miles from land," was the re- 
sponse. 

From the hillock we could see the bass breaking on the 
shoal which lies a hundred yards from the eastern shore, 
and the beauties of the islands suddenly faded. Speedily 
we embarked in the two skiffs which had been towed be- 
hind the yacht I paddled, and my companion, with his 
eight-ounce rod in hand, prepared to east. He had not 
been there before as I had, (for eight consecutive summers 
be if wdiispeied confidentially,) and knew not what to ex- 
pect, but as the shallow water began to show itself under 
the how, he let his leader drop thirty feet ahead of the 
boat. Shall I ever forget that, throw ! A three pound 
black bass made the witter boil before the flies were wet. 
"Sweet Christmas!" cried Ned us he took foothold for a 
tight, "that's the biggest bass in the lake," Three feet in 
the air sprung the beauty, twitching evc.rv muscle and flut- 
tering every fin and shaking his head to free the By, But 



This aft 
enjoyed 



,...! j hi him no -lack. and striking the water with a Splash 
the noble fish darted away on :, side tfwi ■■■■ urd the St. 
.taking out line like mad. Soon Ned checked 
him and into the air again he went. He will soon tire out 
if he follows the luetics he has begun, and so he did. I 
was passing the landing net under him when "WhOOp— 

Hurrah! we've got one," burst from the occupants of the 
utherboat. He is ! large ,. .airs, I should say, by the 
way Phil's split bamboo rod bended; and so he was round 
to he ten minutes afterward wluu dropped in the boat's 
bottom. And so the fun went on. There seemed lobe no 
end to the fish. Wc could See then] sometimes a dozen at 
once in the cleat water. Half tin hour tiller sunset, having 
fished two rods only two and a half hours, we paddled to 
the shanty and threw seventy-Ope lia-s on ihe beach, the 
hircesl, a'four-ponmler: the smallest weighing a little less 
than a pound. 

ion's sport was a fair sample ol what I have 
SC water- each summer for eight years. 1 
., ...e fish equally plenty at the head and fool of 
.,;.., i , ,i ;i the toot "i i ItOe Galloo, ai thi head ol 

Fox ami the lower side of the Grenadier [-lands. The 
Duck Islands is a much better place than either of those 
named, but is considerably further out, in the lake. They 
are very rarely visited and their shores are lined with bass. 
There is. however, little choice of water at the foot of the 
lake. Wherever a shoal makes out from the islands Ihe 
bass congregate. These grounds are rarely visited, save by 
the inhabitants of the neighboring hamlets, and the fish 
scarcely know the fear of the hook. Next, to the. Duck 
Islands', however, I have found bass thickest at the foot of 
Halloo.' There is fine pickerel and pike fishing in the little 
bavs that indent the main shore, and often a musealouge is 
taken there. 

The black bass begins to bite in these waters about the 
first of .Tune; July and August are the best months. They 
rise to flies in the'shallow water very readily at times, and 
often in turn current be made to look at one. I have had 
them rise for an hour as fast as I could land them, and 
then i use as suddenly .-is though there was not a fish in the 
lake. Ply fishing cannot therefore be depended on. I 
stand at the bow and have the boatman paddle along the 
edge of the shoals, and so that 1 can drop my flies over the 
shallow water near the shore. In this way I have taken 
eighty ba-s in an afternoon. 
however, tit the live miuuow, 
bait. The shiners spawn in 
the beach and can easily be 
at the edge of a shoal, I bJM 
without raising the anchor, i 
generally average heavier tm 
trolling bait. There is a st 
of Honey Island, about whi 

let go the anchor over this old hulk and in an bo 
hooks captured seventy-four bass. A gale drove us io 
cover, or I am afraid we might have filled the skill. There 
is always good fishing over the wreck, and I know of a 
part v of fanner's bovs who caught two hundred and fifty 
bass' there in an afternoon. For bait fishing I use a skiff 
trout rod, and let drop the anchor in about twelve feet of 
water. 

Next to bait fishing the trolling li 
The boat is slowly cowed close to 
dragged eighty of a hundred feet, 
bass 'fishermen is in using too large 
deed it would be in very deep watt 
that I would use a spoon a bit broa 
a five cent nickle. Yet I have seet 
Lawrence with a Spoon as large as a Barllctt. pea 
spoon should not be larger on the shoulder thn 
penny. 

The most killing trolling apparatus for black bass is a 
tiny spoon at the end of a leader, and above it four or five 
gaudy flies. A spoon attracts many tish that do not strike 
it. as many fishermen who have seen same following their 
16 flies often offer a tempting 
fish are abundant, often more 
I have seen Prof. Appy, of 
t once on such a trolling appa- 
is as line a fisherman as he is 
small gold-plated spoon for 



The lish 


bite 


more readily, 


which 


s het 


e their natural 


the sumi 


ner t 


lOnths close to 


caught. 


Wit 


i the skiff held 


e taken 


over 


i hundred bass 


nd thost 


cau 


:ht in this way 


n the fish 


that 


take the fly or 


nkeu wn 


c.k on 


the north side 


h the ba 


ss congregate. We 



>oks take the t 



dn 



• she 



r tin 



.st lish. 



A has 
i nickli 



bait may 


•einvmber. and tl 




moreover, where 


than one 


ire taken at once. 


Rocheatei 


. land four bass at 


ratus. T 


ue Professor, who 


musician. 


is very partialto a 



The island above-named may be reached from any of the 
fishing villages along the .Tell'erson County shore. The dis- 
tance is short from Cape Vincent, Sacket's Harbor, Three- 
Mile Bay, Chaumont, or Henderson. The honest fisher- 
men at the latter place charge three, four or five dollars a 
day for their services, according to the kind and number 



lil-boat that 
price is three dollars, 
en along the shore as 
a jewel of a boatman, 
•ctly, and ownso.com- 
s Henderson \ 



of boals they furnish. For two pi 
is small enough to be rowed, the 
There are doubtless many as good u 
Alden Stevens, but I know him to be 
and he understands the grounds perf 
fortable shanty on Galloo. His addr 
York. The expense of reaching Henderson Bay is $8.40. 
There are no mosquitoes on the islands. The cost of camp 
or shanty life is small, and a part*' of five might spend ten 
days at the foot of the lake for $40 each, including car 
fares. Five dollars a day would be the boatman's oharge 
for the yacht and two skiffs. In going this way the party 
eau easily do the Thousand Islands also, by turning Ihe 
yacht into the river and cruising down and back. I have 
always •included this iu my three-weeks' trip. The fishing, 
however, is far better in the lake. 

WILD WOOD SKETCKES. 

FROM NOTES rv TTTE ARTIST. 



IT was my good fortune to have made one of a party of 
hunters in the wild woods of Canada. Any one" not 
having seen lhe.se vast woodland regions can scarcely con- 
ceive the beauty and grandeur of the scene upon which he 
is about to enter. Owing to the dense foliage and green 
undergrowth in the summer months, it is with difficulty 
the eye penetrates the far off depth of these forests. In 
the winter, or hunting season, these woods present a fat- 
different view; widely extended views or vistas open upon 
the sight. The season Ol Ihe veat in which we visited 
these woods is known as the Indian summer. The weather 
was mild yet bracing, and at night we found our camp tin- 
was uot at all unpleasant, hut very cheery. Here we found 
in tlie middle of October no mosquitoes to annoy us, and 
no flies to vex and bite us. From the 1st of November, 
and during the approaching winter months, is the best of 
all times to visit the old Canadian forests. 

One afternoon, about two o'clock, we entered the slilb 



1 : ted hunting grounds. The most pro- 

found silence reigned around, and not a sound awoke tie 
of the old forest, oaks; not even the shrill whistle 
of the woodpecker, or Ihe chirp of the squirrel, was heard. 
We listened in Vttin for tin: sound of the woodman's axe. 
or the bark of the settler's dog 

Arriving at our chosen camp ground after a two hours' 
tramp, and depositing our knapsacks, guns, rods, and camp 
stuff upon a very hue Site near a large rock, sheltered with 
huge, overhanging hemlocks, W6 prepared to ere.t our 
camp. The site was quite picturesque, as from the door, 
or front of OUr Camp, through the openings of the trees, 
lay in the quid serenity of the evening hour the waters of 
-rgelake. There being six persons in OUT party. 
it did not "take very long to erect a comfortable, warm 
camp, and arrange 'our preparations for passing our first 
night iu the wilds. Behold us, then, on the evening of our 
first night sitting around our camp lire, which seemed to 
burn with a brighter glow for being lighted in the deep 
wood's solitude. Soon the odor of our uewlv made coffee 
Steamed forth gratefully upon our senses, and we all sal. 
ready to punish the good things which Sambo, our good 
darkey servant, had in preparation for us. (hi our journey 
aloug'the forest path one of our parly had the good fortune 
to bag four pigeons, which, together with three grouse, 
killed by another, made the principal materials for our first 
Slipper, And a. right good supper it was, for our fatigue 
gave to our viands as rich a flavor as tne best of Worces- 

It may not be uninteresting to the reader to take a peep 
within our camp. Each man was provided with a canvas 
covering of four yards square, made of a very tight, com- 
pact, threaded duck. These squares had holes ~on every 
side, so that by uniting them all in one an impervious au'd 
goodly sized tent could be readily made. Many very pleas- 
ant nights have I spent beneath these coverings 'in the 
depths Of the wildernesses of Maine, within the Canadian 
grounds, and beneath the deep, umbrageous boughs of the 
Adirondack!?. Here, then, seated around our camp fire, or 
lying at full length upon our couch of fragrant hemlock 
boughs, were the assembled camp. At the extreme, right, 
with his back to a large rock, which makes one side of our 
camp, you notice a young nun about twenty-two years of 
age, though looking much vouuger— Frank Ravnor, we 
will call him— an agreeable companion, full of 'life and 
quiet, humor, and always ready to sing a song, tell a story, 
or contribute to the general stock of amusement. Bis pil- 
ing brigand. Hisscarlet vest, brown corduroy hreechea; 
and long boots are all in keeping with the character, and 
his inseparable companion, "Bill," as he calls his long 
stemmed Dutch pipe, is alwavs at his side. Careful of 
giving or taking offence, he is a capital huntsman, of whom 
we shall have occasion to speak hereafter. Beside him is 
Gordon Gordon, a young man with a dark olive counte- 
nance, sitting down at this writing. When Gordon stands 
up you will say he is every inch a man. Although young, 
he has seen much active life, and passed through many 
perilous adventures. His future history will be told more 
It length iu these sketches. He was a' true friend, trusty 
and reliable, ami joined our party for the "sport of the 
thing," as he said, and to "amuse his mind." The short, 
thick set young man, lying with his feel propped up near 
the fire is William Hartshorn, by profession a sailor, and a 
New Yorker by birth. He is known to the part v simply 
as Jack. Jack was ever on the alert for fun, frolic, and 
mischief. He was the life of the party; always ready, a 
he said, for a "steak or a lark." and he could eat with a 
keen relish either venison steak or boiled skunk. Gardner 
is that man you see with his gun in hand He is looking 
for some game even now, dark as it is. Hold, he. is aliout 
to lire! Bung goes the gun, and look, he is going towards 
the lake, ami is lost to sight through the trees. " In a mo- 
ment he returns, and brings into 'camp the result, of his 
first shoo:. Ba, ha! three very rim: ducks ■— oluc winged 
teal— a very good eating bird when fat. or when a man litis 
a good sharp appetite, quickened In a long East "These 
ducks," he said, "were sitting neai the Water's edge, and 
as soon as I could make them out to be ducks I tired upon 
them; they are fat and juicy, they'll eat well for break- 
fast." 

"The locality is a good one, is it not, for some sport for 
us to-morrow ■?" asked Gordon. 

"Yes," replied Gardner, "though it is somewhat early for 
these birds to leave their favorite feeding fields, vet ther 
sometimes come iu great numbers in a single night. I 
have at early morning often bugged from tell to twenty of 
them, and when they first approach a pond in the woqi 
you will find them huddled closely together, sitting upon 
the mud near the water. You have only to approach them 
carefully, and you can bag large numbers. Their flight is 
rapid; they are sometimes shot on the wing, but not. often. 
When these ducks alight, among the tall sedge or weeds, or 
on the sand, they drop very much like a ship? pt wood- 
cock. Their ptincipal food, which they much delight in, 
i.- ■-, n,nls. vejoiuble food, and wild rice. They will fatten 
in a week, and if eaten at, this period are very sweet and 
fat. They will also lose their fat in a week. "When prop- 
erly served, 1 love dearly to 'pick their bones.' They are 
considered good table birds." 

The artist I shall only describe as a tall, black haired 
gentlemen, possessing to a very great degree a keen love 
lor field sports of every kind, a good dinner, :uul a good 
story, with a genial nature that quite teadily adapted it- 
self to almost any company. 

Last mentioned, but not least iu the consideration of the 
members of the camp, was .Sambo, a shrewd, laughter-lov- 
ing "colored pusson, "With a large share of mother wit, 
ami under his imperturbable blackness there was much 
kindliness Of heart and real goodnature. Sambo was the 
sou of a Guinea negro, wdio was stolen from his island 
home and purchased by a wealthy planter of southern Vir- 
ginia, named Colonel Calvert. Sambo's mother was a sort 
of Creole by blood, who came from the coast, of Share 
Leone, and, like the father of Sambo, was also a stolen 
negro. Sambo took all his redeemable qualities from his 
mother, who,- he said, was much "liked by all tie white 
gernmen who come to see ole massa." He could do almost 
anything quickly and handily, and, as Gordon often said, 
was "a darkey of value; a rare article to have aboi 
camp." 

Thus I have, m the capacity of artist to the expedition, 
given you a brief sketch of our eanip in the Canadian 
woods, and an introduction to our party as they might, have 
been seen within our lent upon the first evening of our 
sojourn. 

1 7b (V ■ 



20 



FOREST AND STREAM. 



JVs// gltUltM. 



This .Tnnrnal is the Official Organ of the Fish fnltnr- 
ists' Association. 



FLASHES FROM THE "BLUELIGHT." 

* FIFTH WEEK. 

EVEN Noank, with its much praised climate, haa not 
been proof against the bad weather, which for the 
week just passed has given us alternations of southerly 
blows, with fog and rough seas, audi afll irli gales and rain 
by the reservoir full. Twelve inches of fresh water in one 
twenty-four hours falling from the clouds perceptibly in- 
creased the volume of the Mystic River, and much troubled 
the owners of cars full of sea bass and lobsters anchored 
near the wharves, to await the sale of I heir contents. Sen 
ed, and lobsters by the thousand succumbed to 
the unhealthy flood, and departed this life unboiled. Our 
sagacious i wover, saved his car load. Foresee- 

ing the probahle results, he towed them over lo Ram Isl- 
and, v. here in deeper water and stronger tides they sur- 
vived the flood. In the laboratory the effects of the rain 
were equally disastrous — dying sponges, closed up and sick 
anemonies, wilted hydroids and dilapidated algae, gave 
plain evidence that when Nature established them in salt 
water, Nature knew best, andwas not to be tampered with. 
The "Bluelight" brought in breakers (if I spell that word 
correctly, — -rpanish little barrel— I doubt its 

being understood) of sea water, but it went but a little 
ys, for it soon grew foul, and lost its life-supporting 
power. Fortunately, though, the thorough system of la- 
bor adopted, by i evening's or night's work 
clears away, classifies, and preserves the result i : 
dredging, as far as possible before rest is sought, saved us 
from serious losses. And there is no lack of work; our 
field is so rich thai with but a few hour's work at sea 
enough is gathered for many more over the (able. 

the weather the "Bluelight" has made live trips 

in the six days. Upon one of the trips Prof. Alexander 

ecompanied us, and expressed himself as highly 

pleased with our appliances and methods of managing 

them. "We landed him at the Pequol House, and a NoaiUE 

carrier] on shore by another of our gue 
,h.iv, created due sensation on the wharf, and as we shoved 
;id sec that our friend was bavin!: eo 

way through the interested groups 
ate people who spend the summer at the Pequot. 
One day when it rained hard— that is to say. too hard to 
go' dredging, hut just about righi •■ . —with Ches- 

ter I tried for black fish (Uattog), and in three hours caught 
about thirty nice ones, of from two to four pounds weight. 
Rock crabs, one half inch in diameter, 

equally effective, except that they 

other fish — cunnere, dog fish, and skates — and 

lis bother. The crab seemed to secure a greater 

proportion of the black fish bites. We fished Ram Island 

Ledge and 

No blue : 'i 

A. fine specimen of the tarpumwaa sent to Prof. Baird 
by Mr. S, Powell, ft was caught in Newport on the 12th, 
the card attached Bsid, but although received i I 13th, 
-bowed strong evidence of decay. It •.■■:- regal fish- 
great silver scales, and well proportioned, five 

Isotnesl fish I ever saw, 

except, pel - inn which I once caught on the 

Africa, and toid you about long ag 

In the laboratory every table has become ij 

each collect i accon pecialty, added new 

■ ■ : k. 1 1 o ie il le that of Mr. 

Trumbull, there lies in a large dish of sail water — or, 

rather, did till the freshened water was supplanted by alco- 

j.ol— perhaps the finest cluster of eggs of the squid ever 

found, 'i _js in July. 

■ in the form of transparent, gelatinous capsules, 
if- inches in length, a half inch in diameter/and 
each containing a great number of Jitfl 
which an development, some 

even to tin- .and these, if examined through 

the microscope, are seen lo possess more or less of the Bl- 
ind form of the more mature animal; they rap- 
idly expand and contract, and their color changes, making 
a most beautiful sight. Hundreds of these capsules are united 
in one great cluster (the one we have is at least nine inches 
in diameten like grapes. The little one, as seen still in the 
egg, shows plainly its large brown eye-. : - , 
projecting from its mouth, the yolk sac, upon which il 
lives by absorption. The squid is peculiar in this point, 
as in most fishes thai have the yolksac it is atfc 
and absorbed through, the "umbilicus." When free from 
swims freely about by means of 
its syphon, from which it ejects jets of water, and by the 
reaction darts to and fro. The figure accompanying is of 
i ted naturally, its yolk sac nearly absorbed, and in 
je abi ■ I to *i ialli otsonil 

J. The young of the squid furnishes food to 
many fisl 9 even in Ihe inert, and apparently 

helpless',: ■ '•'' jellyfish. Later in life, when 

six inches to a foot in length, it returns the compliment, 
and While sought eagerly by bluefish, bass, etc., it makes 
, i their young,' and kills quantities of mackerel 
five to sis inches in length 

Profs. Smith and Harger observed at Province town large 
numbers of. squid capturing and devouring young mack- 
erel v uii I rein . The squid would dart rapidly 

backward into a school, turn suddenly to the right or left, 
:. fish by the back of the neck, cutting out With 

their sharp beaks a piece, the bite re 

tad almost instantly killing thi 

erupts, and the school become fright- 
ened, the squid would drop to the bottom, thi 

lid lying low in the sand, to the 

i| hid transformed itself, it would lie in 

wait for the dispersed school to return. The little mackerel 

seemed to know that th< ir safety depended upon being in 

ater, and kept there, for when iu his backward 

ilart the squid toui mtly pump 

in, and at every jet force himself 

farther and farther ashore. 

There are many varieties of the squid, one, Hie 
Vmadux, growing to great size. It is of this species that 
old sperm whalers tell most remarkable stories. The 
sperm whale is provided with immense teeth, and. unlike 



the ordinary "night whale," who feeds principally on small 
Crustacea, devours in large quantities the squid. When 
struck by the harpoon, and finally landed, he in his 
"flurry, "'as his dving struggles are termed, frequently dis- 
gorges from his stomach 
great morsels, still undi- 
gested, of the arms and 
bodies of squid, and from 
the taper of the arms, as 
known in smaller species, 
estimations are made that 
the fish from which the 
fragments were torn must 
have been from one to 
two hundred feet in 
length. And many an 
oldNew Bedford man will 
swear to squid three hun- 
dred feet across. These 
stories are undoubtedly 
exaggerations, as were 
those recently passed 
down to us of the Kraker 
found on the Norwegian 
coast, who, with his Int- 
ra e n s c arms, dragged 
down great ships. The 
length of the arms does ^_ 
not increase in direct pro- 
portion with the body. 
Prof. Verrill has in his 
collection a portion of the 
body and all ten of the 
arm's, and the beak of an 
immense squid, whose di- 
mensions were — body, 8 
feet; long arms, 24 feet 
in length! This specimen 
was captured in Logie 
Bay, Newfoundland, last 
fall. He has also photo- 
graphs and measurements 
of one of the arms of an- 
other squid, which was 
thrown over a boat in 
Conception Bay, in which 
were two men fishing; 
the arm was cut off by 
the men with an axe, the part preserved measuring nine- 
teen feet, and the Whole length of arm estimated at fortv- 

• ' i >t. This individual has, I believe, already figured in 
the FoiuisT AHD Stream, the arm being now preserved in 
the museum at St. John. The beaks of the one in pos- 
session of Prof. Verrill resembles that of a parro 
dark hue, horny texture, and over four inches broad at the 
base. The "devil fish" of Victor Hugo, by his descrip- 
tion, is more closely allied to the octopus family, although 
considerable allowance would have to be made for imagin- 
ation to class it with them. 

Our trips this week have been three in the shallow waters 
"f Fisher's Sound, one to the neighborhood of Block Isl- 
and and Montauk, and one to the "Race" south of Fishers 
Island. Many things of interest were obtained on each 
trip, but the b'-st grounds Were found on Ihe last named, 
where we again struck the cold current, finding a bottom 
temperature of 58fc" in thirty-two fathoms of water. Off 
Moutauk, in twenty fathoms, the bottom temperature was 
0:U : , surface 66°. 

Among the new additions made to the fauna are a beau- 
tiful tubularian {T/mmrwenidia spectabalis}, growing in large 
pink boquet-like clusters on the bottom of a ve r sel lufuled 
up for repairs, and Neptkyt eaeea, a peculiar Arctic anne- 
lid, previously found on the coast of Maine, but originally 
in Greenland. 

The meeting of the Association for the Advancement of 
Science, at Hartford, drew away a portion of our party for 
a few days, and some have "left us altogether. Dr, Leidy, 
of Philadelphia, who has made most interesting n 
in the formanifera; Prof. Eaton, of Yale, who has devoted 
himself to the marine algae: Mr. Sehuman, of the Smith- 
sonian Institution, and Dr. Holder, of New York Central 
Park Museum, have left. PtbECO. 




tnral Jjistorg. 



THE CRA. MESOF AMERICA. 

F.T Dlt ELLIOTT COCES. It. 8. A. 



[Some of our correspondents having, expressed a desire 
lobe informed respecting the species of cranes of this 
country, we referred the matter to Dr. Coues. who sends 
us the following: Ed.] 

THERE are but two well ascertained species of crane 
in North America. There may he a third, but I am 
not prepared to admit this without further evidence — the 
supposed third species being thus far only known by a 
single skin taken at Albuquerque, New 3Iexieo. The two 
good species are the white or whooping crane. Brut Ameri- 
cana, and the brown or sandhill crane, Kr/v/s canadensis. 
They were formerly considered, by Audubon and other dis- 
inguished onrithologi I hi the same species— the latter 

being supposed to be the young of the former. This is not 
so, for however closely the young of the whooping crane 
may resemble the adult of "the sandhill crane, the two 
species are unmistakable when in perfect plumage. The 
young sandhill crane is ashy, much varied with rusty-red; 
"il loses this last color early, becoming a nearly uniform 
ashy, and so remains during its whole life. The whoop- 
ing crane, on the contrary, grows at least pure white, with 
black-tipped wings; it is also considerably larger than the 
other; its bill is thicker and deeper in the terminal part, and 
■ rh species grow bald with age, there is a differ- 
ence in the contour of the naked part of the head. In the 
adult whooping crane, again, the inner wing-quills become 
enlarged, curled and flowing, to a much greater degree 
than is seen in the other species. These are the principal ex- 
ternal characteristics; the anatomical features are still more 
strongly pronounced. Prominent among these is the aston- 
ishing length and complexity of the windpipe of the 
whooping crane — a conformation which results in the 
hoarse and far-resounding cry of the bird, to which it 
owes its name of "whooper." "This anatomical peculiarity 
maj' be thus described, as shown in a fine preparation I 
have lately had an opportunity of examining:— 



The sternal keel is broad and tumid, and is entirely ex- 
cavated. The greater part of the excavation is occupied 
by the singular duplications of the trachea, to be presently 
described: but. there are two— an anterior and a posterior — 
large empty air cells in the bone, with smooth walls, and 
two other air ceDs — one superior and one along the edge of 
the keel— filled with light, bony meshwork. Excepting 
these cancellated portions, the whole keel is hollow, and is 
occupied by the folds of the windpipe, as follows: Com- 
ing down the throat, the trachea enters the sternal keel at 
its anterior inferior apex, and runs along the lower edge of 
the keel, inside, almost to the very posterior angle; curving 
abruptly upward and forward, at about forty-five degrees, 
it runs along the top of the keel just under the body of the 
bone to the very front, where it appears; curving nest 
downward, it re-enters the keel just alongside!*? original 
entrance, passes about a third way to the posterior end of 
the bone, then coils upward with a strong curve, folding 
on itself, to re-emerge from the bone close alongside 
its first entrance: and thence passes up to the bronchi with 
a strong curve. In fewer words, the trachea, entering the 
apex of the keel, traverses the whole contour of the keel in 
a loug vertical coil, emerges at the front upper corner of 
the keel, enters again at the lower corner of the keel and 
makes a smaller vertical coil in the centre, emerging again 
where it went in. On looking at the object from the front, 
we see three parallel vertical coils, side by side; the middle- 
one is the trachea coming down from the neck above; on 
the left hand is the bulge of the first great coil; on the right 
is the wiDdpipe passing to the lungs after it had 
made its second coil inside. Measuring loosely, with a 
thread laid along the track of the folds, I find there are 
about twenty-eight inches of windpipe coiled away in the 
breast-bone— certainly over two feet^from upper laryns to 
the entrance is about twenty-two inches, and there are 
about eight inches more of the tube from the exit from the 
bone to the forks of the bronchi; altogether, fifty-eight 
inches. The whooping crane has a windpipe between four 
and five feel long— quite as long as the bird itself. 

We may continue the subject with some observations 
on other "points relating to the two species. The distribu- 
tion of the whooping crane is somewhat peculiar. It is 
said to be found throughout the fur countries; but in the 
United States its dispersion is limited. I find no satisfac- 
tory evidence of its occurrence in New England, and it 
must be exceedingly rare in the Middle States, though it is 
said to have bred in New Jersey iu Alexander Wilson's 
time. It is noted in Florida and Texas. But. its principal 
area of dispersion and migration in the United States is 
along the Mississippi Valley — using this term in a broad 
sense. I have myself only seen it alive in Dakota and Min- 
nesota, where in the Summer of 1873, I observed it fre- 
quently, as I have, also, this present season, (.Tune 1874) 
while ascending the Missouri River in the vicinity of Fort 
Stevenson; and I saw it a few days ago in the neighbor- 
hood of Brainerd, Minn. T have no doubt it breeds in this 
region. In New- Mexico, Arizona and California, where I 
became accustomed to large numbers of sandhill cranes. 
I never recognized any white ones. 

Regarding the sandhill crane, I find no indication of the 
occurrence of this species anywhere in the Eastern or Mid- 
dle States, nor indeed east of the Mississippi and its tributa- 
ries, excepting in Florida. There it is attendant, accord- 
ing to severarbbservers. Dr. Bryant refers lo its breeding, 
stating that two eggs are laid, from early in February until 
abouUhe middle of April.. I have met with it in various 
parts of the West, finding it breeding in northern Dakota, 
quite plentifully, on the broad prairie. Late in September 
and early in October numbers of this species and G. am&ri- 
cana together were migrating through ihe same region; they 
to journey chiefly by night. Often, as we lay en- 
camped on the Mouse River, the stillness of midnight 
would be broken by the hoarse, rattling croaks of cranes 
coming overhead, the noise finally dying in the distance, 
to he succeeded bv the shrill pipe of" numberless Wadets, 
the honking of geese, and the whistle of the pinions of my- 
riads of wild fowl that shot past, sotinding to sleepy ears 
like the rushing sound of a far away locomotive. 

We have accounts of the sandhill cranes from the whole 
extent of the Mississippi Valley (in the broad sense of the 
term), and of their breeding in Iowa and .Minnesota, as 
well as in Dakota. In Alaska, Mr. Dall says, it is a com- 
mon bird at St. Michael's and around the mouth of the 
Yukon, but less so in the interior, as at Nulato. "The 
eggs, obtained June li, on the Yukon River, are laid in a 
small depression on the sandy beach, without, any attempt 
at a nest." He adds that the" fibula is a favorite pipe-stem 
with the Indians, who, also, are fond of domesticating the 
3'Oung; the birds eating up vermin and insects, as well as 
refuse 'laps of food about the settlements. Further 
south, on the Pacific coast, says Dr. Suckly, sandhill 
cranes are very abundant at Puge't Sound, on the NisqUsl- 
loy piains, in autumn. "They there commence to arrive 
frbm the summer breeding grounds about the last week in 
September, from which lime until about the 10th of No- 
vember they are quite plentiful. After this they disap- 
pear, probably retiring to warmer latitudes dating Ihe 
cold months, "in the fall they arc found on all the prairies 
near Fort Steilacoom, but are not indifferent to choice or 
certain spots. These are generally old 'stubble-fields,' or 
spots of ground that, have been ploughed. They rise 
heavilv and slowlv from the ground on being disturbed, 
and, flying in circles, at le:,. the desired eleva- 
tion. When proceeding from one favorite resort to another, 
or when migrating, theflighl i- high, and not unfrequently 
their approach is heralded, before they are in sight, by 
their incessant whooping clamor. While feediug they are 
generally silent." To this account Dr. Cooper adds that 
the brown cranes are corn mon summer residents ia Wash- 
ington Territory, "arriving at the Straits of Fuca in large 
flocks, in April, and there dispersing iu pairs over the in- 
terior prairies to build their nests, which arc placed amid 
the tall fei n on the highest, and most open ground, where 

ee the approach of danger. They frequent, at 

tins season, the mountains to the height of 6,000 feet, above 
the sea. The young are often raised from the nest by the 
Indians for food." 

"In the autumn, and winter," Dr. Newberry observes, 

is I i lint on the prairies of California, and is always 
the markets of San Francisco, where it is highly 
esteemed as an article of food. In August we free 
saw them about the Klamath Lakes, and early in Septem- 
nscade Mountains, in Oregon, the cranes 
were a constant feature of the scenery of the beautiful but 
lonely mountain meadows in which we encamped. We 
found them always exceedingly Bhy and difficult of ap- 
proach, but not unfrequently the files of their tall forms 



FOREST AND STREAM. 



21 



stretching above the prairie grass, or their discordant and 
far-sounding screams suggested the presence of the human 
inhabitants of the region, whose territory was now for the 
first time invaded by the white man.' The cranes nest in 
these alpine meadows, and retreat to the milder climate of 
a of California on the approach of winter. In 
Oregon they begin to move southward in October. 

Thousands of sandhill cranes repair each year to the Col- 
orado River Valley, Mock succeeding flock along the course 
of the great stream, from their arrival in September until 
their departure the following spring. Taller than the 
wood ibises or the largest Itcrons with, -which they are as- 
sociated, the stalely birds stand in the foreground of the 
scenery of the valley, the water now reflectirjg the shadow 
of their broad wings, then the clear blue sky" exhibiting iu 
outline their commanding forms. Such ponderous bodies, 
moving with slowly-beating wings, gives a great idea of 
momentum from mere weight— of force of motion without 
swiftness; for they plod along heavily, seeming to need 
every inch of their ample wings to' sustain themselves. 
One would think they must soon alight, fatigued with such 
exeiiions, but the raucous cries continue, and the birds fly 
on for miles along the tortuous stream, in Indian file, under 
some trusty leader, who croaks his hoarse orders, impli- 
city obeyed. Each bird keeps his place iu the ranks; the 
advancing column now rises higher over some suspected 
spot, now falls along an open, sandy reach, swaying mean- 
while to the right of left. As it passes on. the individual 
birds are blended in ihe hazy distance, till, just before lost 
to view, the line becomes like an immense serpent gliding 
mysteriously through the air. When about to alight, fear- 
ful lest the shadows of the woods harbor unseen danger, 
the cranes pass by the leafy intricacies where the ibises and 
other less suspicious birds feed, anil choose a spot for the 
advantage it may offer of uninterrupted vision. By nature 
one of the most'warv and discreet of birds, his experience 
has taught the crane to value this gift and put it to the best 
use. His vigilance is rarely relaxed, even when he is feed- 
ing where less thoughtful birds would feel perfei 
After almost every bending of his lougneek to the ground, 
he rises. erect again, and ut full length glances keenly on 

■.■.■. side. lie may resume his repast, but should 
as a speck he cannot account for appear he stands motion- 
less, all attention. Now let the least sound or movement 
betray an unwelcome visitor— he bends his muscular thighs, 
spreads his ample wings, and springs heavily into the air, 
croaking dismally in warning to all his kind within the 
far-reaching sound of his voice. 

The nesting and breeding habits of the two Species of 
crane are very similar, and their eggs cannot be distin- 
guished with certainty. Still, to judge from limited compari- 
sons, those of the sandhill crane are narrower or less capa- 
cious than those of the other. I have examined eggs from 
ihe Arctic coast, Washington Territory. California, Utah, 
Iowa, Florida and (jttutL The whooper's eggs I have only 
seen from Great Slave Lake, though a set from lowu are 
probably of this species. Cranes' eggs range from ^ to 4 
inches in length, by 3+ to 8} broad. The shell is much 
roughened with numerous elevations, like little warts, and 
is, moreover, punctuate all over. The ground is a light 
brownish-drab; the markings are rather sparse, except at 
the great end; they are large irregular spots of a pale dull 
chocolate-brown, "with still more obscure or nearly Obsolete 
shell-markings. 

On- the Upper Missouri, June 10, 1874. 



.X 



The Histoky of a Salmox.— The curator of the Brigh- 
ton. England, aquarium; writing in Land and Water, tells 
the following story. Amongst Ihe latest arrivals at Brigh- 
ton aquarium is a salmon — a true 8almo<mlar. Although 
nearly fourteen months old. he is only two and a half inches 
long— not so big as a large minnow. His 1 history is u ca- 
rious and eventful one. On the 14th of January. 1S73. Mr, 
James A. Youl (who in recognition of his efforts to stock 
the rivers of our Antipodean colonies with salmon and trout, 
has recently been honored by Her Majesty with the com- 
panionship of the order of St. Michael and St. George), 
sent out to New Zealand, in the ship Oberou, 12,0000 sal- 
mon ova, packed with moss in 227 deal boxes. Each box 
measured ten inches by eight, and was four inches deep. 
To arrest the development of the young tish in the eggs 
during the long voyage, and to prevent their being hatched 
out before -arriving at their destination, the boxes were 
surrounded bv blocks of ice, which froze together in a 
solid mass in a chamber specially prepared for them. The 
Oberon arrived at Port Chalmers, Olago, on the 1st of May, 
and when the ice-house was opened it was found that of 
the twentv-five tons of ice put on board not more than five 
tons, at the outside, had melted away on the vo] 
hundred thousand of the ova were transhipped to South- 
land, from which about six hundred salmon were hatched; 
the remainder were taken to the province of Canterbury 
and from these only sixty young fish were obtained. Dan- 
gers incurred in the transhipment are supposed to account, 
in some measure, for the arrival at maturity of so small a 
proportion of the ova. Of a previous consignment of sal- 
mon eggs by the Lincolnshire in 1888, nearly teu per cent. 
were hatched. That he <i 
were properly fecundate' 
those exposed to the viciss 
of others kept at li 



the 



CENTRAL PARK MENAGERIE. 

DEPAETMENT OF PCBLIC J'AKKS, I 

New York. Aug, IS, 18] 

Anlnmls received M Central Park Mentijrene for the week ending 
August 1Mb, 18H : 

Two Bear cabs, li ,<■: - cYipraredfn New York. Present- 

ed by Wrii, P. IietChwOrfb.. 

One Iguana. Invana tubervuttttu . Hub. West, Indies Presented by 
Mr. H. B. Bishop. 

Two Turkey Buzzards, Cat/UHta aura. Presented byltr. J. P. Id- 
dings. 

■ DttbtaO Wallaby, HiJta U Hal. Australia. 

Bred in the Me W. A. OoMKLis 



foodfand, Eflivn and (Barden. 



:th 
ompare the produce of 
u Bea voyage with those 
ilar conditions, Mr. Youl 
retainedfour boxes from the batch, and placed them in the 
vaults of Wedham Lake Ice Company, on the Strand, on 
the very same day that their companions were lodged in the 
ice-room at Oberon. They were opened on the 2nd of May, 
after beinu 108 days in ice. and. as was afterwards learned, 
just one day after the arrival of the ship in New Zealand. 
The four boxes contained about 8,200 eggs, Of these Mr 
Yonl gave all but 170 to some friends, and in all, oOO fish 
were obtained from them. In the most succes.- ; ' 
mentthe youngsters were not "born in a bower," bul 
hatched J n a pie dish, under the dripping of a lap, from 
which fell eighty drops of water per minute— an example 
of good work being done by a skillful and careful opera- 
tor with inexpensive apparatus. From the 170 eggs winch 
Mr! Youl transferred to his own troughs, 130 salmon were 
produced, the first of which made its appearance on the 
loth of May. Of these he gave away seventy when they 
were ten months old, and of the fifty which he kept and 
hoped to rear to adult salmouhood, the lively little fellow 
which he has entrusted to my charge at Brighton, is the 
sole survivor. 

—On the 13th instant, Dr. J. L. Babcock, of Hallowed, 
Maine and Mr. Thomas Sanborn, of South Boston, were 
killed by lightning while fishing on East Wimhrop Pond , 
near Hallowell. 



LET THE BIRDS LIVE. 

•' The H,ru-li 
And woodlark. o'er the kind, contending throng, 
Superior heard, nm through the Sweetefil length i 

LET the birds live ! Boy or man, why do ypu so relent- 
lessly pursue unto maiming or death even- little beau- 
tiful bird that alights in your garden ? God ma'de them to 
live, to make vocal wilh their clear, wild music this beautiful 
earth. He has given them to cheer with their earl;, matin 
song the husbandman in the early spring time. "At the 
opening of a bright day in May, how sweet, how fresh, is 
the rich and varied melody of "the thrush and robin red- 
breast ! The later, more diversified song of the bob-o'-link 
as he rises from the waving green of the beautiful meadows 
of the Hudson, how well is its old familiar song remem- 
bered : The thrush is a great songster; he is a very talka- 
tive gentleman. He is often seen perched upon the highest 
branches of the maples at the field's border, or the tall alma 
by the roadside. 
'There is a sort of consciousness about the russet-coated 
fellOW, which almost every one must have observed. He 
seems to know you are planting corn, and he tells you as 
plainly as he can in his own song-words, to "put it in, cover 
. &c., saying just what one imagines he 
would say if he could talk like man. I recollect once a 
neighbor and friend of mine, who was planting corn by the 
roadside, took the of t-repeated lay of a talkative thrush. 
who had perched himself near by, to enforce a lesson of 
i : ■ eivdy, though shrewd boy, who was drop- 
ping the corn in the hills. " " Do you hear what that bird 
says " said the farmer to the boy. whose name was Lang- 
don, '• No, sir, I do not. " "Well, he says drop faster, 

faster ; put in the corn, be quick, be quick !" 

This' practical lesson, so pleasantly enforced, not only 
quickened the physical energies of the boy, but awoke a 
new train of ideas in his mind, which, but for the bird, he 
might never have had. Upon coming into the field in the 
afternoon, the peculiar, pleasant smile of Langdon arrested 
the attention of his employee, who remarked: "What 
pleases v. u so much titiaqfternoon ?" "What the bird says 
this he sim« another tune now." " Well, what 

i, the bey quickly replied : "Joe, pay Lang half a 

dollar ! -Joe. pay Lang half a dollar !" 

Tiie corn was. planted, and Lang had his half dollar; all 
parties were satisfied, and the bird was voted a pattern of 
industry. Should not such a bird be spared the fatal shol 
from the fowler's gun '? Certainly, if for no other reason 
than cheering on to industry, and enlivening the hours of 
daily labor, he should live to sing the same old song ; he is 
a valuable apprentice in the field of theorehardist; he is a 
v, i irber, a destructive force that needs do apparatus to set 
it in motion; he is ever ready to act in obedience to his 
natural instincts. 

In many of our field birds is seen a result of instinct 
that, to the unitiated, seems almost wonderful in itself. 

1 have seen one single pair of thrushes, which had made a 
nest in my garden,destrpy upwards of thret hundred of cater- 
pillars ot a simrle morning, or in the short period three 
hours. Now, ft they would destroy such a number in the 
space of three hours', of a morning, is it unreasonable to 
suppose the same pair of birds, with the wants of a rising 
family to supplv. would not, in the course of a single day, 
destroy sLx hundred caterpillars ". 

I think my estimate will be received BS fair and relia- 
ble. Now 1 esteem a pair of thrushes and golden robins, 
(Baltimore orioles'), as almost equal to one man at killing 
Caterpillars per day ; the birds are not afraid of killing the 
worm, while some farm laborers had much rather eat plum 
pudding within doors than kill these troublesome fellows 
with their fingers out of doors. 
Therefore, we say. spttM &u> birtU iu the garden. Who 
netted with much pleasure the labor of one robin 
to take care of ihe little fledglings .who have just left the 
parental nest and are every morning hopping up and down 
the gravelled road, or near the fountain » DO you not 
hear their familiar "pip. pup. pip," as with win| 
ing through helnlesncss, they utter their morning cry for 
food! I have seen one old male bird, in the space of a 
single hour, catch and give to its young fifteen or twenty 
large caterpillers. . 

The. robin is one of the most industrious of our familiar 
birds ; and as he is so great a friend to man, snovld rind in 
man a generous protector, ami we are pleased to know that 
our farmers, particularly in Massachusetts, are taking more 
effective measures foi the protection of the birds. 

It is high lime that long-legged, half-grown boys and 
shiftless men had b better business than prowling through 
grass lands, over gardens, and about houses, shooting erery 
robiu and blue bird, and every other inuolYeiisive little 
bird to be seen. Let our yeomanry unite in passing a law, 
with penalties annexed, against this practice of the wanton, 
useless sport, audit will cease. In the ec&Mm™ 
these little winged ones play a most imp 
are of the most"" incalculable benefit to the huauMuwuo,.*. 
Several other important reasons why the birds should be 

and loved, instead of maimed and killed, or 

driven away. I may, perhaps, if this is well received, tell 
you of iu some future number. Ollitod Qcili.. 

■•*»> 

Thc Guassuoppek Plague in Manitoba.— These un- 
welcome intruders have been wafted in millions by a 
westerly wind from the plains of the Saskatchewan. They 
were first seen on the 13th ult., and since then have been 
steadily advancing, devouring the crops of the White Mud 
River settlements, and were, "when the mail left, approach- 
ing the settlements on the Assiniboine. They are in large 
, numher- between Poplar Point and Portage. La Prairie, to 



the west of Fort Ganw and soma of Lake Manitoba. They 
are also at the Boyue'settiemcnts to the southwest of Fort 
Garry, and on theliue of route from Pembina northwards 
to Scratching River. 

The calamity is all the more serious in its nature, inas- 
verV large proportion of the inhabitants are new 
settlers, whose pi y wholly iu their crops. 

he mischief eiid wilh the arrival of winter. The 
pests deposit their eggs in vast numbers, from which, on 
the return of summer, come forth countless millions of 
young, more ravenous even than their progenitors. 

The Red River territory is unhappily only too familiar 
with these grasshopper visitations. The first record of 
their appearance is in 1818. They came late on that occa- 
sion, and the mischief done was" only partial; the wheat 
being nearly ripe, mostly escaped. Bin the deposit of their 
ova insured' worse consequences in the next year, when 
thev destroyed everything, and without waiting to lay their 
eggs, departed. Fresh swarms, however, came, and for 
,'':■■'■■ 'i -sice seasons the unfortunate settlers Saw Ihcir 
means of livelihood destroyed. !' is singular, however, 
that from this time no less than thirty-six years passed 
without a recurrence of the grasshopper plague. In 1857 
they visited the Assiniboine settlements, did a moderate 
amount of mischief , and left their ova to complete the 
work they had begun, in 1858. Then eight years 
and in 1854 they reappeared. Iu this and Ihe next year, 
however, the mischief was but partial, and did n. 
sp grave a character as in the case of their former visits. 
shopper plague of 1867-8 will be long remembered. 
1887 they came towards the end of the season, loo late to 
produce anj n . lisastrorrs results. But in 1868 the ova 
deposited in 1867 produced swarms exceeding in numbers 
anything previously known; a famine ensued, and ihe cry 
of distress from, th Red Rive rd not in vain in 

Canada ami Greal Britain. Since that time they have 
been on two occasions somewhat seriously troublesome, 
but not to au extent to attract much more than local atten- 
tion, — Toronto Globe. 



. and 



A New Cekeai..— An American, exchange says:— "A 
new cereal has been grown in Oregon, and the people are 
puzzled as to whether it beta .:- to the wheat family, or 
more resembles rye. barley, or oats, opinions being very 
nearly equally divided. From seven to ten sialks grow 
from one root to the height of about four feet, and these, 
stalks are thin and hard. The radicals are lough, and 
spread widely. The heads are six inches in length, and 
covered with, a heavy beard, each filament being five inches 
long. The groin is "double the length of a kernel of wheat , 
and" instead" of being firm and compact, is hollow, the 
cavity containing glutinous matter. While the grain bears 
a closer resemblance to wheal than anything else, the straw 
loots like rye or barley. Its origin is" somewhat peculiar, 
the first grain being 'taken from the stomach of a wild 
goose by a farmer" in Sillamock county, nearly three 
years ago. He was struck with lis appearance, ind" planted 
it. and the succeeding season sowed the produce. He dis- 
tributed a portion of the second crop among a few friends 
in different parts of the State, who this year raised small 
quantities. It will require another year to determine the 
value of the grain. 

The above article has been forwarded to us from Eng- 
land, clipped from an English paper by Jackson Citibanks, 
Esq., of London "Lund ami Waiter," journal, who asks 
for additional information of this new cereal. Perhaps 
our correspondent, "Mortimer Kerry" can enlighten him.— 
Ed.] 

— ♦♦♦ 

Tali. Count.— Last Friday Henry O. Knoepfel of this 
city, had on exhibition in his store in 1-1 Jane street, some 
foeider corn which measured when standing ten feet and 
two inches from the ground to the tip of the spire. 



J|7/£ fennel. 

Fur Forest 'and stream . 
DOG AND GUN.— BY "1DSTONE." 



THEY used to be inseparable as the horse and hound, 
and every man who shot had a ranging, pointing dog 
of some kind or other. It does not seem so many years 
ago that a clumsy keeper shot my favorite black and tan 
setter "Pilot." as he was pointing a covey of birds for us in 
some standing beans, and we returned home quite discon- 
solate, for we were staying with a choleric old game- 
keeper some twenty miles from my kennel. As for going 
on without dogs, tii' one suggested such au idea, and walk- 
iug 'era. up had uol been invented, still less driving at birds 
over your head, as you stood in a pit dug that morning 
for your seclusion, and not impervious to thc ants. 

Every man who took out a game certificate, (on the 
chance of invitations few and far between,! had something 
with four legs and a tail tied up in lis stable yard, which 
the coachman was prepared to name "Master's Pointer," 
and to kick upon the slightest provocation. I can just re- 
member the time when the pointer's tail was docked to five 
inches. As the unlucky brute stood on his game, his 
u stern" looked like a hat peg, or a bailiff's truncheon, or a 
stiff specimen of asparagus, or a child's ninepin, or any- 
thing hut a dog's tail improved, aye, nearly improved out 
of existence. 

It took these old Spanish pointers the best pare of a 
morning to beat, thirty acres of clover, and lire antiquated 
flint gun was a couple of seconds making up its mind to go 
off. First, it had to flash in the pan, and then to comrou- 
I act that the hammer was down to the charge 
inside the barrel. You had to calculate all Ibis, and con- 
sequently many birds, snipes, woodcocks, "rocketting 
pheasants," and mallards, got off free. 

The pointer was crossed with the fox-hound Jong before 
the gun was improved by the invention of thc percussion 
ca p — an invention claimed by Joe Mauton, Col. Hawker, 
and, I believe Egg, the gunmaker, and claimed for a Dorset 
clergyman named Billy Butler. 

; .. . | 



22 



FOREST AND STREAM. 



that, the improved pointer, as painted by Reinagle, the 
Royal Academician, was a very , excellent animal. There 
were these following breeds:— The Black Pointer, bred 
largely by the fattest man ever seen, Daniel Lambert, of 
Leicester; the Liver and Whites of Mr. Edge's breed; the. 
Dark Liver dogs; the Flecked and Speckled; and the Pure 
White with Liver Heads, toward which last excellent, 
marking all the best blood has a tendency to "throwback," 
let, the color be what it may. That, the now popular Orange 
and Whites existed, there ,is no doubt, but, they were con- 
fiued to a few aristocratic kenuels, notably. I believe, fjord 
Srfton's, the Marquis of Bath, Ac. A capital pointer 
could always be purchased somewhere in the, neighborhood 
of a ten pound note, and one of our largest London dealers 
would supply a brace for what would now be the price of 
one. Aud even young sportsmen, not out of. their teens, 
knew in those days how to use a dog, which now not one 
man in forty knows. 

The man of inferior rank— as »a sportsman, 1 mean— he 
who could never get the mystery ;of the setting dug into his 
head, used a spaniel, or possibly a brace of them, and gen- 
erally made quite as good a bag as the man who walked 
after pointers. The "pot-hunter" crept up to cornstalks, 
BUeaJsfefl behind hedges, and was not particular about boun- 
daries Preserve Die from companionship with such a 
man. He was as liable to shoot you as to shoot a bird. 
Most, pot-hunters would take the chance of shooting a com- 
panion rather than miss a, head of game. The pot-hunting 
man, it be had a dog— he generally grudged the quadruped 
l,is food, and so, either kept none, or, when be could, bor- 
rowed one— well, if he bad a dog, it was a case of "like 
master like man." It was a slinking cur at best. Bal- 
eared, wheel-backed, flat-sided, squint-eyed, snipe-nosed, 
bandv-leuged, with a tea-pot tail and a woolly coat— a night- 
mure' sort' of a dog— the sort of griffin that, you see rearing 
up on the side of a Peer's coat of .arms, trying to lick the 
family crest, or to eat out of the coronet— and the animal 
had ah the sneaking propensities of a thorough cur— such a 
l,. s as midit be exhibited for his ugliness, like the collier's 
Child. [Philadelphians call these curs 'board-yard dogs.' En j 
You don't know the story? Well, I'll tell it, to you: 
You must: know that in the potteries they had been giving 
fheir minds to shows of all kinds— dog shows, poultry 
shows, barmaid shows, and now r there was to be a baby show. 
with a prize for ugliness as well as beauty. A pitman had 
a son born with a hare lip and a club foot, a hump on his 
back, and several other vagaries of nature. The kind- 
hearted "niedicus" had endeavored to comfort the fattier, 
who, he supposed must be distressed at the extraordinary 
animal with assurances that it could all be "put right" very 
easily, when the father, taking his pipe from his mouth, in- 
terrupted the conversation by saying: "Put what right? 
Is he good enough to win at the Baby show? If hew, I 

won't, have 'um touched !" 

■»■» 

—Our correspondent "Ajax," expects soon some highly 
bred red Irish stock from England, viz. : a red bitch, very 
handsome and fast, has been hunted through two seasons 
every day. She is a descendant of the celebrated Colonel 
Hutchinson's "Bob," and her two pups five months old, by 
"Idstone's" "Shamrock." This latter dog, "Idst.one" says, 
is the handsomest dog in England and one of the fastest, 
and that his nose is cqu«l to any. 

—The celebrated red and white [rishtsetter bitch Brosna, 
from the kennel of Mr. Macdona, was received by 
"Mohawk" by the steamer Nevada last week. She is a re- 
markable handsome bitch and arrived in good order. She 
is in whelp to the great Ranger the most wonderful dog of 
his day, and will whelp early in September. At last, we 
are going to have the progeny of this extraordinary dog. 
Brosna is from a line of ancestry as pure as any in the 
world, so the whelps ought to be something extraordinary. 
By the same vessel he also received three other very valu- 
able dogs, viz. : a magnificent, liver aud white pointer dog, 
a pointer 'whelp aud a young setter bitch by Ranger, out of 
Mr. Garth's field trial winner Bess, all three of which are 
offered for sale in another column. 

—We understand that .Tohn TCrider, of Philadelphia, has 
imported some "Spratt's Patent. Dog Biscuits," and has 
them for sale. We should like some practical report on 
these biscuits, and whether they will stand this climate. 

-»♦♦- ■ 

FOX HUNTING. 

Editob Forest abb Stre.oi;— , ■ u i i 

Fox hunting, on a proper scale, requires In be coiiducn-rl with Hie. class 
of active horses termed hunters. A pack oi i„o. j"™"™ M Bcetit ma rttH 
down the prey, and terriers to turn the animal from his hole, s "■" 
take the earth . A pack of hounds vanes from I « ajty to < hirty 
Some houuds are always left, undrafted into the neld. 1 he hunt 

!,: - ,„. !■■ h . '■! • ■" ■:-■ • ■ " •-' ' ' - ■ "" " : '" ! "'" '•' 

WO whippers-in, who bring up and take charge of the. hounds. 

The fox is an early riser, and hi" seen, heme hes n„ r.be dump -ra.s. 
he is hooted early in the morning. The first business on taking I he held 
19 to riSe to and draw cover- that. is, bring out the fox Iron) i his veiivat. 
At first sight the view hallo is given by the huntsman and all follow < he 

sweeping track of the hounds. It is a rule in hunting never to £ 

the dogs, or to throw them out in any way by a false signal, I he run s 
considered the exhilarating part, of the spoil, and consists ot a rap.d 
chase through a broken or rough country with the bounds m.fi.ll cry. 
Then is the ardor of the chase shown, and it continues until the to , ft 
some clever manoeuvre, such as tracking up a brook, throws the bounds 
off the scent, and the party is brought to check. The scent and 
track of the animal being again found, olf all go once more. - i (vhe 
the hounds bend towards the forte brake, mind the old hound: now he 
dashes over the furze! Hark I They hallo! Ah! there he goes! lit a 
nearly over with him. Had the hounds caught view he must have died. 
He will hardly reach the cover. What a crash! Every bound is in, aud 
.very hound is moving to him. That was a quick turn. Again, another! 
He ia pui mhLs last sh ft. Now Mischief is at tus heels, and Dealh is 
not far off Ha! they stop all at once; all silent, aud yot no earth is 
open Now they are at Wnvagain! Did you hear that hound catch llhnj 



They overran the scent. Now. Reynard, look to yourself. Iloiv quick 
they all give their tongues. How close Vengeance pursues! now terri- 
bly she presses! It is just up with him! What a crash they make! the 
whole wood resounds! They turn very short. Then! Now- aye. now 
they have him! Who-oopI the chase is over. Reynard is no more, and 
his brush or tail being cut off as a trophy by the huntsman' bis unfortu- 
nate carcass is thrown to the hounds, and in a few moments destroyed, 
leaving scarcely a wreck behind. 1. 1. Mvcauley 



aipl-t 



j|//0/ 0m» and |p/fe. 

GAME IN SEASON FOR A.UGUST. . 



— Bay birds and water fowl are on Might now, ana" the 
gunner who goes for them scientifically, is pretty sure to 
be rewarded. A letter from Barnegat, signed "A Brick." 
informs us that thousands of snipe and willets are seen 
daily, and the sportsmen bring in dozens each day. ' Our 
advices from Cape May are equally favorable. A fair show 
of birds also at C'anarsie Bay, 

—Our letters, without exception, mention the unusual 
abundance of quail this season. In the vicinity of Niagara 
Palls, among other places, they are much more plentiful 
than they have been for years. 

— We have a few woodcock notes this week. A letter 
dated at. Hartford August 16, 1874, from our correspondent ) 
F. B., says: Mr, C. M. Spencer (of Spencer rifle fame, 
has been spendinga few days at Amhurst, Mass., where be 
reports woodcock rather scarce. He and J. Crosier shot 
fourteen one day, and bagged some, thirty altogether. The 
birds were in very good condition, as I can testify, having 
had eight sent, me by express. 

—A letter from Birmingham, Mich., of August 1, says: 
"Pointers are jMt now absorbing onr attention, as woodcock is a del- 
icacy. Yesterday doorce Toms, and ,f. O. Heal lie brought in 22; Jack 
Baldwin and your humble servant, 1— please keep that No. 1 in a whis- 
per. Some, of these days will send you a better report t have a pointer 
pup six months old Augnst 6th. She starts birds perfectly. There are 
three more of the same litter in this county. Some of yon' readers may 
want one. J. Allen Bicelott. 

■»•♦ 

Boston, August 12th, 1874. 
Editok Forest and Stream:- 

Noticing in your last number an article from a correspondent in Salem, 
)[a<s„ about the scarcity of woodcock. I thought I would SftJ a few words 
about them, as 1 have recently returned from a month's recreation with 
gun and rod. I left the city the first of July for the i ounttj . cef&y to be- 
gin shooting on the 4th. I'waa anticipating a good. time, is wnicfcl-waa 
not disappointed. There w ere four of US and two doge W< separated 



home. 



some two hour,- la 


or with ten nee,' mating nl 




i all. I think that. 


nasagoodmornii 


g's work. II commenced 1 


rain in 


the afternoon, and 


continued for the 


text three days. We did r 


ol get i 


lany more birds of 


any account for t.l 


e next week : in fact we c 


ould no 


find them. But 


about the 15th we 


commenced to find them t 


lore pic 


itv than we had at. 


any time, it was 


not, much work to bag from 


eight n 


ten in a morning. 


Partridges were 


very plenty, but rather late. 




jund them the last 


ortliemoi.lU, jUBt 


out of the shell. We shot < 




g doss most of the 
3 old. I think he 

and pointed them 


that there is in thi 


s State, Touts very truly. 




W £- P. 



— Black bears of very large size have been unusually 
abundant, all summer long in Nova Scotia and New Bruns- 
wick, a great many having been killed, weighing 450 
pounds and upwards. The Indians are hunting them for 
their skins which they send to the New York market, where 
excellent prices are obtained. While there was no 
legal prohibition against killing moose, the bears were not 
much molested, but since "moose he not run now, me kill 
'em bear." Just so. 

-».»■ 

—The New England Farmer, in referring to the wild 
turkey, intimates that they are almost entirely confined lo 
the region beyond the Mississippi, Texas, &c. This is a 
mistake. Considerable numbers are lo be found in the 
northwestern counties of Pennsylvania, also in Maryland, 
Virginia, West Virginia and in a majority of the States, in- 
deed, east of the Mississippi. 

—The Seventh Regiment, Col. Clark commanding, pro- 
ceeded to Creedmoor on Thursday, August loth, for rifle 
practice. The numerical strength of thoiegiment amounted 
to 380 of ten companies. The range was in almost perfect, 
condition, as there was very little wind stirring. The fol- 
lowing table indicates the number firing at both distances 
by companies: — 

200 vards 12 40 48 HI 23 35 18 3S 68 38 41-380 

500 "yards,'. '.'....'.... .. . 6 10 13 14 it HI 9 \2 25 1118—143 

The following is a list of the best scores at 200 and 500 yards range, 
the highest possible score being forty pornta:— 











_^ 


^4 


t-^ 




Nam 




300 Yards] 


| 


500 Yards. 


1 


::S 




jural Mc.Mil 


an, Co. A 


3 4 2 2 a 


14 


3 a 3 3 4 


IV 


SI 






it. Co. G 


•i i a a a 


13 


:-; 3 1 3 4 


IV 


30 






Co.H 


3 2 3 2 ?, 


13 


a a :; a t 


in 


20 






Co, K 


3 3 3 4 


13 


3 3 i i 3 


IB 


an 






on, Co. C 


a 2 o 3 2 


10 


i i ,: S i 


18 


28 


Pri< 


ate Busby. ( 


•o. B 


4 3 3 2 2 




14 


28 


Pi ■ 


ate Knox, C 


0,0 







., ,; L * ? i 


H 


it, 



ards, Co. G., Private Delafield, Co. K., Corporal Bauchie, 
Co. G., made23; Private Schwartz, Co. E,, Private Treday. 
Co. H., Private Coughtry, Co. G., Private Kent, Co. H. 
made 32; Lieut. Nicoll, Co. H., Private Dunning, Co. K. 
Privaie Gillet, Co. R\, Private David, Co. H., roado 21; 
Corporal Updyke, Co. C, Sergt. Lebouteiller, Co H, 
Capt. Bird, Co. F., Sergt. Dominick, Co. I., Private, Hal 
stead, Co. H., Private Titus, Co. H., Private Hasbrouck, 
Co. H., made 20, 

— There was no practice at Creedmoor by the Amateur 
Rifle Club on Saturday last. On Saturday August, 333, the 
regular match for the Amateur badge will take place at, 11 
A. M., and that for the Turf Fi,:h-l and Warm al 3 P. M. 

Montreal Rifi.e Matches. — Small Bore ?;s Ski dk its. — 
The Montreal Gazette says that the chief contest, in the 
provincial rifle match, at, Point St. Charles on Friday, whs 
between the small bore and Snider rifles. The day. t liough 
clear, was not, very favorable for fine shooting, as a pretty 
strong wind blew across the line of fire, materially interfer- 
ing with the aim. Notwithstanding this disadvantage, 
some good scoring wan done wilh both small bores iun.1 
Snider's, Capl. Fiillerton, from the United Slates, making 
thenty-eight points with a small bore, the highest possible 
number, while several Sniders had scored twenty six points 
long before the close of the day's firing. 'The other 
matches, Nos. 9, 10 and 11, were also going on tin ring the 
day, only one of which, the consolation match, open to all 
Unsuccessful Snider competitors, was concluded. The 
following is a list of the prize winners in this match:— 
First, seconds and third prizes, of $20, $15, $10, were won 
bv Ensign Adam. Thirteenth Battalion; Ensign Goodhue, 
Fifth Battalion, and Sergt Hobby, M, G. A. /who scored 
36, 34, and 33, respectively. The five prizes of $5 each 
were taken by Privaie Sitncoek, G. T. R. ; Gunner Lam- 
bert, O. G- A. ; Sergt. Smith, Fiftieth Battalion; Private 
Logie, Seventy-first, and Gunner Morrison, O. G. A., 
whose respective scores were 33, 32, 31, and 31. The ten 
prizes of $4 eacn were won by Sergt. Bnillie, R. R. A., 
Gunner Johnson, O. G. A.'; Quartermaster Cleveland, 
Fifty-fourth Battalion; Gunner Finleyson, M. G. A. ; Pri- 
vate Black, G. T. R. ; Capl. Atkinson; Major Avlmer, B. 
M., (staff ;> Capl, McLanfihlin, T. T. R.; Corp. Larkin, P. 
W. It., and Sergt Bruce, P. w. R., who scored, reapecs 
tively, 31, 81, 31, 31, 30, 30, BO, 29, and 39; and the ten 
prizes of $2 50 each were curried off by Mr. Sirachan, R. 
R. A.; Lieut. Bullmau. Seventy-ninth 'Battalion: Private, 
McQuade, P. W. R.-, Bugler Brutel, Three Rivers Battal- 
ions; J. S. Fursuson, M."R. C. ; Sergt, (lark, M. G. A. 
Private Thornburn, G. T. A. ; Corp. MeKati, Eighth Bat- 
talion; Private Ross. M. R. C; Sergt. Blair, G. T. R., 
whose respective scores were the three first 28 points; the 
others 27 points. 

We have received a letter from Captain Fulton, men- 
tioned above, in which he says:— 

"I have taken one first and once second prize at 800 and 
000 yards, in one match. I made a clear string of seven 
bulls eyes, aud in another forty-four out of a possible fifty- 
six, and one ahead for Hie aggregate, Canficld took sec- 
ond and Oinand third prize in one nuticli at 800 yards. 
Three of the first four prizes taken by Remington rifles." 

—The Canadian Rifle Matches are 'to take place at, Qt- 
tawa, Ontario, on Sept. 15th, the prizes aleady amounting 
to aboul $5,000. 

— The Grand International Schuetzenfest of the Eastern 
Sharpshooters Association was inaugurated at Baltimere on 
the 17th by an immense procession of societies from various 
cities, military, bands of music, &c. The line of march 
extended several miles. 

We have received through the courtesy of W. R. Hos- 
kins Esq.., the constitution and by-laws of the Tioga county 
Sportsmen's Club of Owegn, New York. 

—In the Elcho Challenge ..Shield won by Scotland with a 
total of 1,437, the Irish team made 1,378. The following 
are the names of the Irish team and their scores. Ranges, 
800, 000, aud 1,000 yards. Fifteen shots at, each distance: 
J. Rigby, 1G4; Capt. Walker, 159; 11. Fulton, 184; W. 
Rigbv, 177; J. E. Millner, 184; Lord Cloncurry, 165; Hon. 
R. Plunket, 167; Dr. Hamilton, 178; total, 'l, 378. The 
highest score was made by Major Radcliffe of the English 
team— 104. E. Ross of the Scotchmen made 191. The 
highest possible score to be made in fifteen shots is 205. 

—The Votwteer tltrvite (iagtfte stales " that it lias been 
shown that penetrable targets are uot, in tine weather at, 
least, open to the numerous objections which have been 
made to them." Speaking of what the riflemen thought of 
the target, it states "that the great majority of the com- 
petitors will leave Wimbledon with more faith in the 
dummy and patch, worked in I he open trench under the 
surveillance of non-commissioned officers, than they ever 
had in the sinjrle markers in the trench." 

Where Rail Breed.— The breeding grounds of the 
aora or rail have never been satisfactorily pointed out bv 
ornithologists, but it is now generally supposed that they 
rear their young in the far north. Wilson speaks of having 
seen young rail on the Delaware and Schuylkill meadows, 
but refersto it as it rate case of their breeding with us. 
Thirty years ago we met a New Jersey farmer, who re- 
sided not far from the reeds opposite Bridesburgh, who 
told us thai he had several times encountered nests of young 
Jersey' meadows near the marshes,- ', 



?hi LI>-o o : J ,1.,,", ii 

Lu-iHt-mnu Abramii.no. fl 

Corpora! Evans, Co. Ill, 

Sei'treani Srrym-UT, Co. K 

Biker, Co. B. 



Pnvt 



The following gentlemen made the totals herewith ap- 
pended: — 

Private Edwards, Co. F., Corp. Curlis, 00, F., Corp. 
Cooper, Co. IX, Private Brasher, Co. II., made 24; Private 
Gardner, Co. G., Private Bartlett, Co. C, Private Rich- 



CA.RELESSNESS IN HANDLING GUNS. 

ij, , , ,; I v, ,.;,.,, ,-. n stream:— 

How uinnv -.,',' in '. bees i trad U , i-itLl-ssly spoiled, 

aedepotin the memory of many a man, by theearolesa 

handling of gtma? Xotafcw, 1 venture to say. and I presume there ore 

fill l.roiiltboiit the eountry umild testify to tile truthful .1 I \e 

Statement from aaderperience. Those who have been deformed for lite, 
or who have lost friend- and relations bj their own or aome other's eare- 
--:,,,.,.. !, ive ;l-! .■!.-.■ I., remember wi -,.,,■. j Smi 
manner in which it was done. But no matter bm ■ 
trUlCffl I lan/t tirint; baek lie:- lor:! liinl^- flat] ><■ ■ or t -' it 

,■■ ,i ji ,i 'i, ii. a , re "I '■■ i' aid, il '- verjrain ■ , u m Utk „ 
cur among true sportsmen . They happen generally among boys and men 



FOREST AND STREAM. 



23 



who are not accustomed to the nse of the gnu, or if they he, are too reek- 
lees to think of the effects of n careless shot. Sportsmen Me more care- 
ful, because they know the extreme danger Who ever hciird of a sports- 
man aiming a gun at another when it was supposed to lie empty. or snap- 
ping a cap npou the lube for the purpose of having a lililefun? Tet 

scores have been killed by this extremely foolhardy act, boye ' ':• 

being the offenders. Another way in whfthflccidoilte J «l Sauy ■ ■■ BUI 
is as follow-: A couple o~ youngsters «tai ,,1,1 in. ., tie- v-,,, ds, CUM bear- 
carries the gun wishes lo be ready tor any game that may appear, and 
consequently raises "in- or nnue iutaunere trf the gnu. as the ease may be. 
:!:..! ,.. ,-. Inn -. l ' : - el in the underbrush, both boys give chase. 

each striving to get. ahead, when rnddenlythB trigger comes in contact 
(I ,1 r limb and Is dllst targi d, too often with fatal etfeets. An instance 

cami rnidermj bbsa ati - ten years ago, where a young man »f eight- 

. ■■■!■ oi '" l iii; loadi d n gun fur it younger lad and put in a lerriblc charge, 
- r i ■ r I i ..ill kick." Tin- result was thai, when the boy fnvd the fUI it 
burst, and mutilated his hand for life, and came within a fraction of kill- 
ing him outright. Many more instances might, be quoted, but f think 
this is sufficient to prove that nothing is so duugerons as a gun in the 
hands of a reckless boy. Yours truly. Fred. 

This advice is timely.— En. 



THE CHICAGO PIGEON TOURNAMENT. 

Branch Office of Forest A^n. Stream, / 
Chicago, August, 1874. f 

Perhaps iti the long history of pigeon shooting no lournry 
whs tnaked with greater success than the one held hist week 
at Dexter Park, Chicago. The shooting was on a par with 
the general excellence of the arrangements, and the mana- 
gers, S. H . Tnrrill and Abner Price were complimented 
ou all sidits. The cash prize system seems also to have 
been a successful feature, as bcttiny was almost strictly 
tabooed. The weather on the whole was favorable for 
tiie shooters, and the birds were good, strong fast flyers. 
All the shooting was H. and T. plunge traps, 21 yards, 
for single, and 18 yards for double birds. Ties to be shot 
off according to rules, at 26 and 31 yards rise. The regu- 
lation charge of shot was 14; ounces, measured by Dixon 
measure, No. 1106 or 1107. Charge of powder unlimited. 
The referee, at the request, of any person engaged in the 
match, might examine the charge of any person challenged. 
Should it contain more than 1| ounce of shot, as above de- 
fined, the shooter to forfeit all his rights in the match. 

The class shooting commenced on August 11th, ten sin- 
gle rises. Mr. Dow and Mr. Price acted as judges ; Mr. 
Moore scored killed and missed ; Mr. Stagg looked after the 
lads at I ending to the traps ; Mr. Eggleston, finance commit- 
tee ; Mr. Clark, examiner of shells, and Mr. Farnsworth was 
Ihc referee. 

FIRST DAY, TOliSllAV. AtiOUST Urn. FIRST SQ,tTAD. 

Total. 



FIRST 


SOIIAll, 




Xaine. .slraUthl. 


iCurne, StraniM. 


Total,.] second squad. 




....10 


10 H HK. Ciuuaman. 


... 5 


M Johnlltban... 


.... •?, 


IT. J. Uiggius.... 


...8 


John Marshall, . 




rsi Hieslaw 


... 


J ,1 Hall 


.... 5 


5iJ F Welsh 


.. 3 




....10 


10 L Heisler 




JohnMclntire.. 




5 GW Baldwin 


. . li 


.i Bognrt 




7 E Bates 


... 8 


f) Wilson « 


,... 1 


8| Isaac Reeves 


... !l 




i) sue aii 


FOUHTlf SQUAD 




. ..10 


10 


John Davidson... 


...10 


\V T Johnson. 


.... 10 


10 


C CreighUm 




T W Wilmarth. 


.... li 


8 


\\ Doxev 


... «• 


I) T Elslon. ... 


. .. s 




J W Phillips 


... 3 


TJ South 




8 


H J Edwards.... 


...10 


11 N Sherman.. 




S 


Abner Price 




T Beatford 


..., 4 




WH Calvert 




John Steel 


5 


(i 


W B Wilcox. ,,. 
















.. . 4 


6 


H W Baldwin.... 




•iota A Mabel. . 


....8 




HE Phillips. ... 


... 4 


R W 1'hillips.... 


, ...111 


10, AM Hoffman 




John McCormiok 


.... 10 


Ullw B Ireland 


. . 


SIXTH 


SQUA1J. 


SEVENTH 


SQUAD 




viyhl. 


Total. 1 Sir 


w;/ht. 


.1 KPXmvel. . 




U L J Simmouds. . . 


... 3 


G Predniore.... 


.... 3 


81 G Moran. 


... 2 


CiH Douglas... 




8IHC Hamilton.... 




Jacob Straver.. 


.... 3 


li|G Stenton 




James Andersoi 




6 s H Turrill 

9|Ed Price 




KB Morgan.... 


o 


s 


Leon Horn.. .. 


.... 5 


lliChurles Morris... 




N c Hiusdill .. 


.... 8 


fl|FJ Abbey 


,,10 


EIGHTH 


SQUAD. 


NINTH 


JrjOAB. 


.TG Cum. Jr... 


.... 8 


9 


C Felton 


. . . 10 


EH Oilman.... 


..,.4 




AS Walterv 




(1 Hawkins.... 


....10 


10 


A B Wade 




H Silsbv 


...8 


8 


JH Long 




F W Bennett... 


.... 3 




JSLong 




G C Sherman. 


.... 4 




V Voisinct 




GC Tallmau... 


.... 9 


9 


DASanfortb 




(4 K Phcatt.. . 


. . . 6 


9 


J Farusworth.... 


... 9 


TEXT! 


SQUAD. 




TIES OF 10 EACH 




Doe Eggleston. 


....4 


8 


John Davidson... 




Daniel Bales. ... 


.... 3 




C Felton 


.. 5 



J Knnls... 
s P Hopkb 



3 



.. _n ties killing ten straight birds. John Davids* 
('. Felton divided the S riot-ash ia'i/.e, liming curb killed all three li- 
eu and 31 vards. 

Ties of nine-Twentv-threc ties of nine birds each. John E. L< 
[i. r.oit. killing all hi- bin'.- ill vS and Ml vards. iv:s awarded I lie - 
prize of SlO'l cash 

Ties i, f eight- fifteen lies of eight birds each, T. .1 . Son lb, kill 
Lis biids at' -JO and 81 vards, was awarded the third pri. .,■.,;' s,:> ,-ash 

T;,,, of . -even— Fifteen Lie- of seven birds each. Mr. V\ ileox. ; 
h ard battle with D. Bates and J. H. Long, succeeded in gatah 
fourth prize of $50 cash. 

3 of six birds each. Thomas Stagg won tin 



pr 



of $15 



12th. class shooting — 10 s: 



PIR 


T. SQUAD. 






NO SQUAD 




■Sly .J h !i,t- 


Total. 


.■;;,,, ,,//,/ 




10 


10 J Jonathan... 


10 


E Hudson.... 


10 


10 J C Phillips 


10 


Abner Price. 


...10 


10.J JKleinman. 




G H Douglas . 


Si 


9|H H Kleiinna 




L G Moran... 




9.1 J Hall 




N Doxe.v 


4 


8 


Dr Egleston.. 


4 


Ed Price 


6 


8 


\V Chittenden 




T J South. ... 


4 


B 


C K Pheatt . . . 


3 


Total 




72 


Total 






•Ml SIJUAD. 


Geo C Hill... 




NE Gardner. 


li 


!(|V Vaisinet... 




J A Ruble. . . . 




'.till Allaulorili. 




W B Ireland. 




u 




W B Wilcox. 




s; Total 




,1 F Welch... 




7 






<TfL SQUAD. 


J.-U/1 


H SQUAD 




.stivkjhi. 


Tw,i,', 


■■Hi; fit/lit 


H Hawkins . 


10 


111 WT Johnson 


10 


J E Long 


10 


10 J Davidson . . . 


10 


EODow 


s 


UDTENton . 


. . '.! 


T.I Higgles.. 


9 


tl.H Silsbv .... 




... 


t 


S|G H Marsh... 




F J Abbey... 




8 W U e..|.,..-i 




Jas Nerval . . . 


4 


7|EN Shot).... 




SHTurnU... 


. " 


7 


Alex Pierce.. 


'.' 



J Glenn, Jr 

'ram Stag . 

G W Baldwin... . 

LHorn.. 

Joe Reeves 

J McCornneh 

Total 



In II J Edwards. 
I 11 I 



s F W Eenaet 7 

7|II N Sheniiat'i 11 

5|\VF Milligan. . .. 3 



„; 



Total.. 



Ill 



.IJltAt), 

Jas Bedrgc 8 

Jno Steel 4 

G c Sherman 5 

T Bestford 3 

A M Hoffman 1 

II A Hitchcock 8 6| 

Ties of ten— Five birds each at iwet 

were eleven ties of ten birds each 

killed all his birds at both rises. 

cash. 
Ties of nine— There were seyentei 

Horn, of Detroit, killed all Ida birds atbolh rises and received the second 

prize of $10il cash- 
Ties of eight, seven and six— There weTe fourteen ties of eight birds 

each. W. B. Wilcox, of Chicago, won the I bird prize of $75, II. W. 

Colven, o.'Beloit. Wis., won the roiirlhand \V. F. Milligan. 01 ' ilicago 

thellfth. 



8|0 H Fell.on i 

• I in ler 3 

HO, A Eastuum .., , S 
7 Jessie Allen 3 



Total 90 

y-sixaiid thirty-one yards. There 
James Moore, of Toledo, having 
as awarded the first prize of $2011 

ties of nine turds each. W. L. 



THURSDAY. AUGUST 13TI 



S shoot 



Hi— 111 S 





ST Siif.ltl, 




■sit „;,,/,/ 


Ab Price ... 


.. . 9 


H H Kbunma 


l. . 3 


L Moran 


6 




8 


J J Kleinmon 




Joe Peeves - - - 




E Hudson.... 




J J Hall 


4 


Total 








WF Johnson. 




FJ Abbey... 


4 


TJHiggius.. 


11 


C C Tallman. 


3 


W Brice 


3 



J Glenn, Jr 

HE Sherman,, 

t; W Baldwin.. 
G C Sherman . . . 

LHorn , , 

JFWhiling.... 

Total 

SEVEN 

T Stagg 

Alex Price 

Geo Hill 

FLJudd 

E Ba.es 

SH Tnrrill 







S'D SQUAD 


'. 




.st i mnh t. 


a 


TJ south. . . . 


10 


11 


DT Bl'aimi. . 


to 


9 


.1 Davidson 




9 EPrice 




9 W B Ireland. 




s 


N Doxey 






T J Welch..' 




7 
>■< 


.lessee Alli-li. 
Total. ,, 


.' 










W B Wilcox. 




s 


.IE Long .... 


n 


)■ 


G Predinore 




li 


GG flosio.,1 




li G Waddimdoi 


4 


li'M F Gardner. 




lil.TJ Gillespie 




S'W H Calvert. 


>'■ 


rS| Total 




1 SIX 


I'll SQUAD. 


ll'.f ARubel..,. 


, . . J" 


9 W C.iittendeu 




UEH Gillman. 




H GKPheatc. 




s|RWPbilhps. 




lilM Bostawn... 




.llFWBeuueu. 




• 


IWFMilligan. 


,11 



ten— Five birds each at twenty-Six and thirty-one yards. 
efourtiesoftenhirdseac.il. Elstou killed all his birds but 



s of nine birds each. I,. Moran, 



won the third 
ize, cash $10. 



H N Shcrmaiv. . 
J J Kleiniuann . 
WT Johnson... 

WB Wilcox 

Lou Horn 

DT Elston 

G W Baldwin.. 

HJ Edwards... 

Ties of Ninetei 



1.VJ E Hudson 

191 John Rube! 

ISiAbner Price 

L8S It Tntril] 

14'H 11 Kl.-iumanii 

IS'-LYi Price 

13|John Daf idson. 



o Mr. Tnrrill and Price 
s ;and courtesi 



All ■ 



sod.' 



' be""r,! 


nd. M 


their lav. 


c corps 


home J 


jerfectly 



In the above Bboots the. entrance fees will be $10, pnrsea to fill, and 
Cnplain A. H. Bogardus. Abe. Kleuunan, Ira Paine, E. I. Tinker. J. 
Wind, and Mr. Close, of Pontiac, Mich., are excluded. 

Fourth dav. September lii.b— parse $1,000—20 single birds each— free 
for alp- 
First Prixe S400 

SetJOnd Prize 300 

Third Prize 150 

Fourth Prize 100 

Firth Prize 30 

The entrance fees in this shoot will be five per cent.— purse to fill. 
No betting will be allowed ou the grounds. Shooting each day lo be- 
gin at. 10 A. ST. 

Entries may be made previously with the officers of the Niagara Falls 
Shooting Club, as follows:— S. T .Murray, President, Will, Pool, Secrc 
ti.rv. J. M. Witmer, Chairman of the Board of Direction, or on Hie 
l-i iinioi- i:]i to. -In- tin,,, shooting commences, for each poise. Brother 
sportsmen abroad who desire further information should address ST 
Murray. President N. F. S. Club. 



ed and wed 



The Niagara Falls Piokon Tournament. — The fol- 
lowing is the programme of the tournament given nesl, 
month under the auspices of the "Niagara Falls Shooting 
Cmh," on the week at which the National Convention holds 
its meeting. Two thousand pigeons have been ordered, 
and if these do not suffice, the boys will send for more. 
The members of the club seem to be unanimous in the pur- 
pose to give every one a good tinie at the lowest possible 
expense, and we think we can safely promise it for all ex- 
cept the pigeons. There is a $1,000 money prize. 

The shooting will be conducted according to the rules of 
the N. Y. State Sportsmen's Association, except in the 
matter of miss-fire, where the gun has been properly loaded, 
the shooter has another bird, and the charge of shot is lim- 
ited to 1J ounces. The programme as arranged is as fol- 
lows : — 

First dav, September 9th, for a purse of $400- 10 single birds each:— 
First Prize. .. . 816H 



^tir.'itvw.'i H^ Correspondent^. 

H . \\ l\ Boston. —No more of Roosevelt's ■•Superior Fishing." 

P/rt. G. L. H., Hartford. Conn.— Mr. Raymond has no Laverack pn|m 
for sale at present. 

E, M., Boston.— Thanks for your coiiiptunenf. and alhi.i... ;,. • 
journal and pledges of co-operation. 

SuiisntiBEi'..— The rifle range at "CfeednwiOr" is a broad meadow or 
moor, so named from the farmer, a Mr. Creed, who formerly owned it. 

Qpkhist.- Is there good fishing at. Greenwood Lake, Monroe county? 
Ana. Yes; but, we cannot tell how abundant the fish are. 

H. L. M.— Will yon please tell me where I can get, and what, is the 
price oi, Rnxfon's '■Lire in the Far West?" Ans. Harper* Bros., 
printed in 1854 : possibly out of print. Price. $1 , "5. 

PiacATAiiUA .—Where is the best, place I o go in the country for quail 



Second Prize 


100 


Third Prize •••'... 


io 


Fourth Prize 


50 


Fifth Prize 


•Jo 


?cond day, September llltb. pur 


c gBOl)— 10 single birds each — 


First Prize 


Slin 


Second Prize 


125 


Third Prize 





r nth, purse $600— loOsiuj/le birds each:— 



•. ill s 



Ish to 



, whether you prefer the West, we will gladly give t 
n. Readiest. Pa. -Where can I get Peabody'" metallic nra Are car- 
s, No, .15? If that size is suitable for my gnu. I will want 200 or300? 

John P. Moore's Sons. 300 Broadway, N. Y. 
An.. Haute Falls.— Can Spratt's dog biscuits he obtained in New 
; if so. where, and at what price? Ans. John finder, Philadel- 

iviru i- the most killing charge for a28-lneh bora, breech loader! 
ehms powder and H oz. shot. 

P. W. -Which is the best, place on the East River Tor biackfisll. 
flounders. &c. ; during the months of August and September, and 
i months are best for the kinds named? r\ns. See Fish Column 



J A. 
Spanish 

half an i 



, Midi.— C 
and the prk 

Mr. Inger. 



ioll, 



.. Hashing Ridge. N. J.— A party of ten wishes to ink 
;. ten days or so. hnut aild fish, Ac. Where shall we 
les from New York? How is northeastern Pennayrra 
and fish? Ans, See reply to L. E. Ted in this c'olnj 



tbi- 



-Plei 



iul'on 



8 of the best, flea cxternnua 
ving tried carbolic acid soap, 
on might try the remedy we 
tin. or else the P( 



wet 
powder, which last WoW in v, ith a rubber injector. 

Xokthebn Pacific. -Can yon inform me of the method adopted by 
your marketmen to transport small game from the West; f mean prairie 
fowls and the like? Ans. Perhaps the best, method is to pack your 
birds in a box filled with ice, and then place this box in a large one tilled 
with saudnst. 

J. N. R., Philadelphia.— A party ol ten are going to camp ont, and 
would prefer going to Monroe or Pike counties in Pennsylvania? What 
portion of either would be the best? Ana. West brook Tavern. Bloom- 
inggrove. Pike county, Pa. 2d. What time would be the best for all 

ind of 



nd? 



Ku 



fowl later on. -Ith. Would a guide 
procured* and what would be charge 



■, bear, and 



few 



wild 
ebe 



:• t.w 



ffectnal preventive of sea sick- 
ledy in our scrap book for some 
being afflicted with sea-sickness 
Iticacy: 1. While sitting avoid 
ited so that the roll of the ship 
ird. but from side to side 3d 



ickn 



do not, lis 
leals regu- 



deed: good bunting ground on 
panv, i-c. Col. Picket keeps 
Berwick I urnpike leading to S 



York or Philadelphia 



A 



in that region stand a fair 

nd the Loyalsock, Malum- 
at Long Pond, on the old 
, and through to Dushane, 
Railroad. Long Pond is 
asiest reached from New 
- Railroad to Mahoopany 

ould be the best trapping 
H-S Is mere any steamship 
from Cleveland? any In- 

Posts, on North Shore of 
• an immense extent of 
nerative. The most sne- 
1 Fori, William, Red Rock 
i is that it would not pay 
employes of the Hudson's 
per, but you can be better 

to Robt. Crawford. Red 
hore of Ueorglan Bay, is 
rs conuect with Cleveland 
,s not troublesome, 
entre-board boat or yacht, 
y-eight foot yacht. 
.50. Your best plan 
u advertised at very 



r $10(1. Would a Barn 

etx-nds upon what use you expect to place it lo. 

i a different affair from 



liltv 



are. 



For full dei 



ragnla 



bauds •>( aninexper 
of long reputation a 



24 



FOREST AND STREAM, 




"GO TO THE CITY." 



A WEEKLY JOURNAL, 

UEV.iTri. to Field akd Ao.uatio Sports, Practical Natc-rat, History, 
Fish Cui.tckk, the Protection of Ga is. Preservation of Forests, 

AND THK Lscrn.CATlON inMkn AKD WOMEN OF A HEALTHY. INTEREST 

in Out- door Recreation and Stuhy : 

PUBLISHED Si 

forest and ^treaty publishing (jjgomyang, 

17 CHATHAM STREET, (CITY HALL SQTTARE) NEW TORK, 
[Post Office Box 2832.] 
125 SOUTH THIRD STREET. PHILADELPHIA. 

COBB'S BUILDING, DEARBORN ST., CHICAGO. 

Term*, Five Dollars a Year, Strictly In Advance. 

A discount of twenty per cent, for Ave copies and upwards. Any person 
sending us two subscriptions and Ten Dollars will receive a copy of 
Halloclt's ''Fishing Tocrist,'" postage frees 



Advertising Kates. 

In regular advertising columns, uonpareil type. 12 line? to the inch, 2E 
cents per line. Advertisements on outside pane, 10 cents per line. Reading 
notices, 50 cents per line. Advertisements in duuble colunis 25 per cent, 
axtra. Where advertisements are inserted over 1 month, a discount of 
10 per cent, will be made; over three months, 20 per cent; over six 
months, 30 per cent. 



NEW TORK, THURSDAY, AUGUST '20, 1874. 

To Correspondents. 



AH coinmumcationa whatever, whether relating to business or literary 
correspondence, must be addressed to The Forest and Stream Pub- 
lishtng Company. Personal or private letters of course excepted. 

All communications Intended for publication must be accompanied with 
real name, as a guaranty of good faith. Names will not be published if 
objection be made. No anonymous contributions will be regarded. 

Articles relating to any topic within the scope of this paper are solicited. 

We cannot promise to return rejected manuscripts. 

Secretaries of Clubs and Associations are urged to favor us with brief 
uotes of their movements and transactions, as it is the aim of this paper 
to become a medium of useful and reliable information between gentle- 
men sportsmen from one end of the country to the other ; and they will 
find our colnniua a desu-able medium for advertising announcements. 

The Publishers of Forest and Stream aim to merit and secure the 
patxonage and countenance of that portion of the community whose re- 
fined intelligence enables them to properly appreciate and enjoy all that 
i s bean 1 1 fnl "in Nature. It will pander to no depraved tastes, nor pervert 
the legitimate sports of land and water to those base uses which always 
tend to make them unpopular with the virtuons and good. No advertise- 
ment or business notice of an immoral character will be received on any 
terms -, and nothing will be admitted to any department of the paper that 
may not be read with propriety in the home circle. 

"We cannot be responsible for the dereliction of the mall service, if 
money remitted to n6 is lost. 

Advertisements should be sent in by Saturday of each week, if possible. 
CHARLES HALLOCR, Managing Editor. 

WILLIAM O. HARRIS, Business Manager. 



CALENDAR OF EVENTS FOR THE CUR- 
RENT WEEK. 



Friday, August 21st.— Trotting meeting at Wilkesharre, Penn.— 
Trotting meeting at Homellsville, N. Y.— Trotting meeting at South 
Norwalk, Conn.— Trotting at St. Paul.— Americans vs. Irish at Dnb- 
lln, cricket and bass ball— Chatham vs. Chelsea baseball clnb, Capito- 
line grounds— Halifax Cricket Tournament, Nova Scotia. 

Saturday. August 22d.— Trotting meeting at St. Paul. Minn.— Trot- 
ting meeting at Potsdam, N. Y.— Running meeting at Saratoga, N. Y.— 
Americans vs. Irish at Dublin, cricket and base ball— Mutual vs. At- 
lantic base ball club, Union grounds— Cricket Tournament, Halifax, N. 
S.— Annual cruise Dorchester Yacht clnb, Mass . —Practice day narlem 
boat clubs, Harlem, N. Y. 

Monday, AuEust 24th.— Trotting meeting at Potsdam, N. Y.— Ameri- 
can vs. Scuich at Glasgow, Scotland— Fly-away vs. Competing clubs at 
Adam I, Base Ball Tournament— Four-oared race— Mutual vs. Olympic 
at Albany, N. Y.— Cricket Tournament, Halifax, Nova Scotia. 

Tuesday. August 25th.— Trotting meeting at Penn Yann, N. Y.— 
Trolting meeting at Earleville, 111.— Trotting meeting at Hartord, Conn. 
—Trotting meeting at Gardiner, Me.— Trotting meeting at Manchester, 
N. H.— American vs. Scotch at Glasgow— Chelseas vs. Keystone base 
ball, Capitnline grounds— Fly-away vs. St. Lawrence. Kingston, Canada 
—Cricket Tournament, Halifax, Nova Scotia— Deerfoot Trotting park, 
Brooklyn, N. Y. 

WeuntvSday, August 25th.— Trotting meeting at Penn Yan. N. Y,— 
Trotting meeting at EarlvUle, 111.— Trotting meeting at Hartford, 
Conn.— Trolting meeting at Gardiner, Me.— Americana vs. English at 
Hudsc-xiletd, Eng.— Fly-away vs. Watertown club, N. Y.— Yacht race, 
Fidget, vs. Lovelin, Newburg Bay, N Y.— Cricket Tournament. Halifax, 
Nova Scotia— Trotting meeting, Deerfoot Park, Brooklyn, N. Y.— Match 
day, St. George Cricket club, Hobokcn, N. J.— Trotting at Manchester, 
M. Hampshire. 

TflrrnsDAY.August 27th. —Trotting meeting at Penn Yan.N. Y.— Trot- 
tin? meeting at Hartford, Conu.— Trotting meeting at Gardiner, Me.— 
Trotting meeting at Manchester. N. H.— Fly away vs. competing clubs 
at Oneida, N. Y.— Trotting meeting, Deerfoot Park, Brooklyn, N. Y. 



Obituary.— Died, on Tuesday, August 18th, in Brooklyn, 
at the residence of her son-in-law, Charles Hallock, Esq., 
Editor of this Journal, after weeks of unremitting suffer- 
ing borne without murmer, Mrs. Julia A. Warden, relict 
of the late Oliver T. Wardell of New York, aged sixty-four 
years. 



CANAiinss.— Those of our readers who wish to procure 
theso beautiful pels, are referred to the announcement of a 
large importation by Mr. Louis Ruhe, 98 Chatham street. 
The first shipment is expected to-day, and consists of first- 
class German Harfe Mountain birds, and will be followed 
by weekly shipments during the season. Mr. Ruhe has an 
established reputation in his business, and offers libera! in- 
ducements to cash or prompt-paying customers. 



IN the Manchester (Vermont) Mirror is a suggestion 
to farmers which we like. It advises them now, when 
work is slack, to "take a vacation, and run into town, 
just for a change." 

We, who are confined to counting-rooms and offices, and 
to closely-walled premises in cities, need extra elbow-room 
and a change of scene; so we go to the country. The eye 
and the mind find relief in new objects and new colors, 
and the more vigorous the pursuit after these objects, 
within judicious physical effort, the more robust and elastic 
the body becomes, and the more cheerful the disposition. 
We add five pounds per month to our live weight, and 
gain mental nourishment and stimulus sufficient to sustain 
that pressure and strain without which the highest duties 
of life could not be performed. 

Now, that which clothes the citizen with flesh and 
muscles, is only " icear and tear" to the countryman. The 
low of kine, the babbling of brooks, and the rustling of 
leaves become monotonous to the farmer ; his eye grows 
tired with the vivid green of the fields, and he who is always 
so wing seed, and turning over, and covering, 'gets morbid and 
heavy with waiting for things to "turn "up." Did not 
autumn bring crimson and golden relief, the man would 
die of ennui produced by droning sameness and plodding 
monotony. But, take that ambiguous season of the sum- 
mer hour which farmers designate as being " between hay 
and grass," when green things have done growing and the 
harvest is ripening, and send him to town for a month to 
do nothing but see " the sights," and he will actually grow 
fat. Even late hours will not hurt bim, nor a temporary 
indulgence of the stomach make him thin. By mingling 
with large numbers of his fellows and seeing their handi- 
craft, he will gather enlarged ideas of himself and them, 
and increased respect for both, if they deserve it. A host 
of new objects will fill his mind, and vivify his thoughts, 
and enliven his labors when he comes to the ingathering of 
the harvest, whose increased garnerings will be then re- 
quired to pay for these expensive indulgences, which no 
regrets can follow, simply because he had a "good time," 
and is happy in the. remembrance thereof. 

Yes ; let us all have change ! Let us make some arrange- 
ments by which we can leave both farm and merchandize 
at a fitting time and opportunity and go somewhere. It 
matters little where we go, or how we go, so that we only 
get the value of our money in rest, rejuvenation and sound 
condition. There is oftentimes a year's recreation in a 
siugle week of exercise that is untramelled of business 
cares. Sympathy should not alone attach to the unfortu- 
uate can t-get-a- ways of cities, but we should have some 
grain of compassion for the countryman, whose weary 
round of toiling years is employed in making grain for 
himself. So mote it be. 

BEYOND DEPTH. 



THE twelve published deaths by drowning within the 
past week is not encouraging to bathers whose ambi- 
tion reaches beyond six inches depth of still water. Some 
persons are never satisfied in what they do, until they get 
beyond their depth ; never pausing until they put them- 
selves in a position where they are obliged to "tread water." 
It is a delightful sensation to them to know that they can't 
touch bottom, but that they nan, nevertheless, contrive to 
keep their heads above water by novel devices and con- 
stant exertion. Thus, they not only show to others their 
superior powers, but they feel astonished at them them- 
selves, and are possibly more than astonished if they get 
safely to shore. There is pleasure in danger. They like 
to test the problem of chances, which those who have 
studied it most have ascertained to be about 40 per cent, 
against success. It must be this that invests the ambitious ef- 
forts of our surf bathers with such great charms or induce- 
ments. It cannot be that they go out into the surf and the 
undertow and the neighborhood of sharks just because 
they think that a "good wash" in the ocean is wholesome, 
or conducive to longevity. This is not the rational con- 
verse of the fact that those bathers generally die young 
who are " washed a#7ioie" by the breakers. Neither can it 
be that they hope to change natural laws, and become 
fish. Men cannot be fish and swim, any more than fish 
can walk about on dry land. Men have tried to fly, too, 
and have generally broken their necks in the experiment. 
Birds, fish, and men are created differently, with different 
organisms, different functions and different appliances for 
their several kinds of locomotion. Very likely, if men 
had feathers they could fly ; but all the men we ever saw 
objected to feathers, especially if they were mixed with 
tar, So, also, as to fish, decent men dislike to bo thought 
scaly, no matter how great their fondness for the briny 
deep. It is true that men can acquire the art of swimming 
quite beyond the usual gift of nature, and when so attained, 
it is a most valuable acquisition. But still, it is not wise for 
even the best swimmers to indulge temerity. Powers of 
skill and endurance have to be tested often enough by 
downright necessity, without being foolishly tampered 
with, to gratify vanity or excite the surprise and applause 
of other people. We seriously object to all attempts to 
swim extraordinary distances, cl [dangerous depths and in 
dangerous currents, even with means of rescue provided at 
hand in case of casualty : and we believe that the examples 
thus set, especially by young women, excite and provoke 
the emulation of many foolhardy persons, who are certain 
to be drowned, when they might live to a good old age on 
dry land. This attempting to cross the English Channel, 



this testing the undertow at Long Branch for thousand 
dollar purses, the swimming contests by men and women 
in the swift currents of our rivers, is all wrong and ought 
not to be encouraged. Yet one-half the world would wish 
to see Sam Patches leap water falls, or Blondins wheel 
their barrows on single wires two hundred feet above 
death, but possibly within one span of eternity, and gaily 
applaud, while the fools risk all. 

By all means learn to swim, we say, it may save many 
lives from shipwreck or untoward accident ; but swim 
discreetly, be not venturesome, for the bather who cannot 
swim at all is safer than the one who swims but little, for 
he is almost sure to keep within bounds and not go beyond 
his depth. However, as more lives are likely to be savad 
by remedy than prevention, we herewith repeat the direc- 
tions., which we printed last week, how to restore the 
apparently drowned. They emanate from the Massacbu 
setts Humane Society .- 

" Convey the body to the nearest house with head raised 
Strip and rub dry. Wrap in blankets. Inflate the lungs 
by closing nostrils with thumb and finger, and blowing 
into the mouth forcibly, and then pressing with hand on 
the chest. Again blow in the mouth and press on the 
chest, and so on, for ten minutes, or until breathing begins. 
Keep the body warm, extremities also. Coniinue rubbing ; 
do not give up so long as there is any possible chance "of 



THE FROG BUSINESS. 



LAST year, in Nature, Mr. St. George Mivart wrote a 
series of very remarkable papers on the Prog, which 
were indeed masterpieces of profound learning. We do 
not imagine that Mr, Smiley, of Watertown, ever read 
them; but for a thorough acquaintance with frogs as an 
alimentary article, and the modes of catching them and 
preparing them for market, we are willing to pit Mr. Smi- 
ley against the world. 

The United States and Canada possess a mine of wealth 
in frogs, for the family of the Jianidee are gloriously rep- 
resented. If we can brag of the biggest rivers and the 
biggest lakes, we may talk in an exaggerated way about 
our frogs; for what batrachtans can compare with our 
Rana . pipiens, six to twelve inches long, and the northern 
bull frog (Sana horiaiaenm), somewhat smaller, aud both 
famously musical? 

"Would you listen lo the peeping of the frogs, 
As they clmunt a land hosnnnah from the bOga?" 
This is what Mr. Smiley told us-.— 
"Progs are caught entirely with hooks. You take three 
books, lash them together, and bail, them with a bit of red 
flannel. You use a cane pole, and some three feet of line. 
You see your frog in the marsh, you dangle the red thing 
before him, aud he, goes for it, but he doesn't swallow it; he 
sees it ain't good to cat, but is kind of curious like, just as 
a bull has a fancy for red colors. He is fascinated some- 
how. Then you work your hooks under his jaw and yank 
him. Another way is to go out of nights and have a light 
on the bdat. The frogs come to see the illumination, pad- 
dle around with their beads up, and you hook them. Irish 
Creek, that, runs into Lake Ontario, in Canada, is the great 
stamping ground for frogs. When we get as many as" five 
hundred" frogs we pen them up, and then dress them after- 
wards as they are wanted. A man handy at dressing frogs 
can prepare for market as many as 250 an hour. We slip 
their skins off by means of a pair of pincers. Pros lime 
begins in June, and lasts until cold weather. The biggest 
frog that ever was caught in the Canada region weighed 
three and a quarter pounds, and when dressed turned the 
scales at two and three eighths pounds. I could not say 
whether their voices increase with their size. At night's 
they are awful noisy, and no doubt this big one was a bus- 
musician. The biggest ones come from Canada, and six 
of them to a pound is about the way they will run. A 
good catch will be about two hundred a day. I send regu- 
larly about eight hundred frogs into the I\'ew York market 
every week, but the demand is larger than the supply. We 
shipfheru one hundred pounds lo a box, and they come to 
the city sweet and fresh, packed in ice, in about twelve 
hours. Don't eat them myself. It ain't prejudice, but you 
see handling so many of them destroys the appetite for 
that kind of food. Don't think a single person in the 
region where they arc caught eats frogs. Where they are 
caught is one of the finest places for fish and game in the 
country. The exact spot is on the Canada side, opposite 
to Wolfe Island, in the St. Lawrence, where it runs out of 
Lake Ontario, and Kingston, Canada, is the headquarters 
for frogs. Cape Vincent, in Jefferson county, is a great 
place for fish. This spring that place sent off every week 
to market sixty tons of fish, made up of pike, bull heads, 
trout and white fish." 
"Do you ever have a surplus of frogs?" we inquired. 
"Rarely, if ever," said Mr. Smiley. 
"How would it do to can them?" we asked. 
"Tf Prance, takes all our surplus quantity of lobsters, 
and contracts for them years ahead, we have no doubt she 
would be pleased to swallow all the frogs you could ship." 
Having thus, a.s we think, got to the bottom of Ihe frog 
business, we left our intelligent informant, revolving in our 
mind the feasibility of shipping cargoes of canned frogs to 
Prance aud the rest of the world. 

•+*+■ 

A New Article fob. Paper. — Years ago the paper man- 
ufacturers of this country placed hefore the public a very 
cheap and very poor quality of paper, made chiefly from 
straw. These last efforts in paper making were made 
up into small bags for grocers' use, and were used for a 
short time only, as they proved quite unfit for use, not 
bearing the weight of a pound of sugar without tearing. 
The paper wasps make a stronger and battel' paper in con- 
structing their nests, find the striated hornets a far more 
durable quality of paper. Now we learn from a friend at 
Chicago that certain enterprising manufacturers of paper 
in England are importing from this country a kind of 
hay for paper stock. This is the well known "slough hay," 
or prairie grass, grown in great abundance- in many por- 



FOREST AND STREAM. 



25 



tions of our country. The first cargo ordered is now being 
shipped for English manufactures. The recent iwegtilsri, 

ties in Spain having been the means- of almost a complete 
failure of the Esparto grass, the English manufacturers 
hare deemed thtj grass well worthy of an experiment wWl 
them. We hope they will SuOCe^d better in the manufac- 
ture of paper from this grass than Our experimenters in 
the paper line have done with straw. This is a fair ex. 
change, as a very large supply of our paper stuck eomes 
from England sp.fi southern Europe. Why should not. the 
eeeenticities of commerce give them grass for lineu rags? 
We asvail with much interest; the result of this experiment'. 



Pkaibie Fowl is England.— From all account? every 

experiment thus far to establish pinnate. t grouse in Eng- 
land by importing the eggs and hatching 'hern there, 
has signally failed. Our readers have heard of I lie result. 
of the efforts at. BaufiringUam. Only one bird hat" hed i . ' 
from two dozen eggs, which were sent to us by 'Richard 
Valentine, Esq., of Wisconsin, and shipped "iider our own 
eye, and forwarded with special care to the Prince of 
Wales. Sergeant Bates' experiment, was even a more sig- 
nal failure, as 'the following letter will show — 

ElitTOll FoiiKST iSil SfKtAi:- 

7 have to report, that the attempt of batching fhr n ■■ i. i 

Bates has turned out a complete failure with me. and I boiiSYB W With 
others thai, I gttVo some to. Having rend in your paper Hint some Bggs 
iu America had hatched out after 2fi days, T hod p I . I 1 1 ■ 1 1 1 ■ ; ■ oj iihoat 
half a dozen, which seemed henier than the teal aptp the end of three 
weeks, and to gave them a lull month, whet ! ill turned light ana - 
bad like the rest. It is only right to a r. t ' «eu 

quito good and fresh v. ben gathered Tii rai Bmany reason * y QUI 
lot should Tad. They were sent off from America a month In. than the 
usnal laying season . They were a mouth or more on the road. When 
they rat to Liverpool it was three days before Mr. Oman ColtlCl ] 
session of them. There is a delightful book— "(lleaniaata in Sfttural 
H& ' , ' try Ed, Jesse, better known as -Jesse's Gleanines"— in which 
I find the following, which, 1 think, hears npou tile point, and Id 
quoteas follows-. "The parsons who I. reed very early poultry for the 

.,, •. e-ket. have a seerei feat pi est living I he \ ii.nl property in egg i 
laid in (lie spring and summer tilHOfe In the tlutiimu, when they are put 
under turkeys who have be( ; | Si tog and hatched early iu the win- 
ter. These pewtpiachieflj HsirMii Sni-cej and these- ■■■■ of pi --■ ..■■. 
eggs -o as to iia'.eh. is Istrifttly* preserved among ihem." 1 know the 
above to be perfc :lv i arrecl Jack-on GruLBASKfi, 

Texas — The Lone Star State is unprecedentediy pros- 
perous, if wo may judge from the following letter. We 
are gratified that there is one Southern State not groaning 
under an incubus of taxation and unjust exactions. The 
information herein conveyed is in part new to us, and, so 
far as relates to the inflow of immigrati >n and money, 
quite beyond our ideas. The picture which our correspon- 
dent gives glows with warm colors, and, uot withstanding 
the midsummer hour, is so refreshing as to make us almost 
desire to go to Texas for supreme enjoyment-.— 

Galveston, Tlxas, August, 10th, ISM. 
Editor Fokest ask Stream:— 

We have reached that period of ik- yeu wh a ti [hi 

warmest influence, when tl-j'Jet- ar- actieipuling a pro-pen," i : :lo.y 



n of all strangers. The fruit crop has been 
is been put down with luscious peaches 



.urn bi- satellites lmve § 
Baden Baden. Then;. 
balmy smith breeze of 
ndy healing 
cool. The period has 
the crops arc reported 
those at home an I 
with delight at the git 
loyed ajiteethe dose c 
jects of inters I ttoo 
mornliiL', delightful firf-i 
private parties of pleas 

.-,.-■;,,- With the ba 
of twenty-six rajlea are 
continent, and is the tt. 
excellent, and many a q 
andenormoii Jge 

Since my last little epistle the llsb have again returned to greet us, and 
many have gone i r, -.•. eere lj....ju ti.-ii till go, never to return. Pompano 
and Spanish mackerel, with a considerable sprinkling of good sized trout, 
have been taken in Quantity. Angel llsh have also put in an appearance, 
say sis inches long by eight inches in width, along with a tittle rascally 
pig fish, that, on being landed, squeals like a young pig. it is a great an- 
noyance lo amateurs, and mil much eaten after all. Some few sports are 
fitting themselves out with long bamboos and reels, perhaps costing two 
or three dollars, and not jointed. The inner is an article they don't be- 
lieve in, and somewhat hard to start them on. Sometime since, while 
fishing for front at. the railroad bridge which connects Halve -ton with the 
main laud, I was somewhat surprised to hook a large red fish, some four 
feet in length, with a light jointed rod and a plaited linen line. Four 
times the monster was brought back, after taking sixty yards of line every 
time; but on the fifth, with the energy of not-to-be-taken and never-give- 
up, the monster took the last foot, and with one big jerk was again free. 

This is truly an age of pleasure, when people have so man. pa inl- 
and so much money to give to amusements— picnics by rail to the woods, 
and picnics by steamer over the bay, excursions for hunting ttntl ristimg, 
balls, soirees, target shooting, fairs, base ball matches by the score, boat 
races and boating, the latter a new source of amusement here. Money 
pours into the State with a vast immi gration, and living here being cheap, 
with everybody making money, herein no doubt lies the secret of this age 
of pleasure. ^ J- S- 

' t\f As to Sharks.— From the Richmond Dispatdi we take 
the following: — 
"The Fokest astj Stkeam of Sew York, which by the way is the most 

pleasing and instructive of sporting papers ever published in this country, 
gives us u piece of Intelligence rein ling to fish which we had not before 
known. We are very much Interested in it, and take pleasure. In commu- 
nicating it to our friends. 

The Fokest a>-d Stream slates that Mr. Baird, Fish Commissioner of 
the United States, says that the moot oxccllout fish he ever tasted was a 
blue shark about seven feet long. 

We are glad to know the fact, l-'or fifty years we have entertained to- 
wards the shark a vindictive feeling, and now, tiuce he is good food, we 
can gralify our animosity to the fullest extent. We have read ot his eat- 
ing.! ieat many sailors, and we lnive urdeirtly toiled to catch htm and 
cook him; hut why cook him! We thought he was uol lit lo eul: but now 
we leant' that he is good food, we shall unquestionably put him over the 
coals. 

When at Cobb's Island we caught a blue shark about seven feet long 
i the exact Baird dimensions), and being disembowded she was found to 
carry eleven young sharks each eighteen inches long, attached by the um- 



bilical cord lo the mother. Now, had We known that the mother shark 
was the best of fish to eat, und the young, according to Zetelle, would 
have conic to a grand fricassee, or broil or stew or showder. what a feast 
we should have had! Whnr an opportunity lost! 

Whith this information we shall now see who goes fishing for Bhark." 
■ We beg to state to our friend of the Dispatch, that in ti 
week from now, we trust to revel in blue shark, and hope 
to eat some in company with Professor Baird. 



fyortitiQ <glms from Jffyna//. 



UV FAItRAN WTTJE. 



THE prorogation of Parliament is the signal for that 
stampede of the upper ten, which takes place in Eng- 
land on the eve of the Twelfth of August, which is said, in 
metaphorical parlance, to "empty" London; and which 
certainly, for a few weeks in autumn, introduces gayety 
and life iuto the rural solitudes of the land. This annual 
migration of British pleasure-seekers takes place somewhat 
iu the manner of a migration of birds. In Mississippi I 
have noticed how suddenly the palmipeds, which come 
down from frozen latitudes in search of open water, put in 
an appearance on the scene. With what mystery they 
make their advent on the bayous and lagoons ! With what 
resignation they seem to view their change of circumstances, 
and lo settle down in their new quarters ! One may hap- 
pen lo be crossing a corn-field in early winter, or skirting 
the edge of a wood, when suddenly he hears the bass warn- 
ing note of some pioneer goose overhead, or the welcome 
quack ! quack ! of a mallard, which veers out. of harm's 
way, followed by bis bifurcate train. Yet, iu a very few 
every pool of water will be covered by these far- 
travelled visitors. Very much the same thing may be said 
of the fortunate few unfeathered bipeds who, in England, 
possess country seats as well as town-residences; and who, 
taking the wings of the morning, find themselves, ere night, 
amid the stillness of nature, and enveloped in the aroma of 
the woods and valleys. The mansions in Park Lane are 
deserted, the doors are padlocked, and the windows dark- 
ened with sheets of brown paper to proclaim the tenantless 
condition of the domicile. An air of desolation falls on 
Hyde Park; the Row is forsaken; and many would rather 
forfeit a year's income than be seen iu Pall Mall or Pica- 
dilly. Xo one would suspect such a migration was taking 
place, did it not manifest itself at the railroad depots, and 
at the way-stations aud junctions, by signs too demonstra- 
tive to be overlooked. The confusion which prevails at. 
such junctions as Rugby, Carlisle and Carstairs, in the be- 
ginning- of August, is scarcely to be described. It is Chaos 
come again, and Babel revived, wilh a few novelties of 
spuud thrown in, for which we are indebted to modern dis- 
covery and invention; for, in'the steam-whistle, civilization 
is possessed of an instrument capable of producing the 
most wonderful effects, so long as sense of hearing Lists. 
Amid the arrival and departure of trains, which are unusu- 
ally heavy, and, of course, unusually late — amid the shriek- 
ing of steam-pipes, the ringing of bells, the muttered im- 
precations of railway officials, and the louder oaths of cab- 
men, it needs great constitutional phlegm to remain out- 
side the prevailing excitement. Everybody is seeking -md 
shouting for somebody else, and in the search cruelly 
abuses his shins against the travelling impedimenta scat- 
tered around. This occasions strong language. Liveried 
servants, overloaded with small parcels, fishing-rods, gun- 
eases, my Lady's Scotch terrier, and my Lord's hat-box, 
besides numerous nondescript encumbrances, run to and 
fro seeking some one to relieve them of their burdens. 
Gentlemen are shouting at the porters, ladies are shrieking 
shrilly at the gentlemen, children are screaming with might 
and main at both, and the din is made additionally perplex 
ing by the prolonged howling of some unfortunate pointer 
whose paws have been crushed under a careless hobnailed 
boot. The whole scene seems to he enacted by batches of 
frantic lunatics, let loose for a few minutes from one train 
as it arrives, only again to be securely locked up and packed 
off. by some other train as it departs. In that way, how- 
ever, London society issues from Mayfair and Belgravia, 
and scatters itself over the British Isles. 

The sport of grouse-shooting is necessarily reserved to a 
very few members, comparatively speaking, of the upper 
classes. If one has no game preserves of his own, his only 
prospect of sport is to receive an invitation from some 
friend who has, or to lease a moor for himself. The last 
mentioned alternative is rarely a satisfactory one for the 
lessee, who, on some of the smaller moors, is allowed to 
bag only a stipulated number of birds during the season; 
while on the larger moors he has to pay very dearly for his 
sport. Nevertheless, on some of the small and under- 
stocked moors a very fair return for Iris money may be had 
by any sportsman who, like Mr. Fronde, does uot object to 
a mountain walk wlien he must work hard for his five 
brace of grouse. "I see no amusement," says the historian, ' 
"in dawdling over a lowland moor where the packs are as 
thick as chickens in a, poultry yard. I like better than 
most things a day with my own dogs -in scattered covers, 
when I know uot what may rise, a woodcock, an odd 

ii : in . a snipe iu the outlying willow-bed, and perhaps 
a mallard or a teal. A hare or two falls in agreeably when 
the mistress of the house takes an interest in the bag. I 
detest battues and hot corners, and slaughter for slaughter's 
sake." In his detestation of battues Mr. Froude shows 
himself to be a true sportsman; and, indeed, it must be 
confessed that the murderous work that is carried on on the 
Twelfth is falling into contempt among his countrymen. 



The few lowland moors, that are to all intents and purposes 
mere oor.liry .yards, are in disrepute; and there begins to 
be a healthy opinion that no man deserves the name of 
"sportsman," who prefers a station in a hot corner to a 
tramp on the hill. Healthy activity resorts to the one; in- 
dolence prefers the other. Nearly all grouse moors are 
marked by the same general features. All are more or less 
hilly, aud all more or less broken into minor inequalities 
by the action of rain-torrents, or by the granite rocks which 
force their grey heads through the heath, or lie in frag- 
ments on its surface. A dtiy's shooting on such territory 
means work, both of the lunss aud of the limbs. 

It hardly needs to be repeated, then, that an invitation lo 
some hospitable country-house affords the sportsman the 
best opportunity of enjoying a fortnight's shooting, free 
from the responsibility of lessee-ship, and from apprehen- 
sions of disappointment. The recipient, of such an invita- 
tion need not tear being killed witl] ceremony, or bored to 
death by the conventionalisms of society in the country 
home of" Ms English host. Every guest enjoys a delightful 
freedom, and may do, or go, whatever or wherever hisowu 
sweel will points out. lie goes down by rail to bis friend's 
residence, let, it be supposed, in time for dinner, Hie usual 
hour for which is seven o'clock. This meal, followed bj 
tea and a little music, possibly, in the drawing room, a 
cigar out-doors iu the twilight, and perhaps D game or two 
of billiards, will occupy the hours lill bed lime. About 
eleven the guest seeks his room; ami while he is 'thinking 
of turning in, a servant makes himself heard at cue door. 
John Thomas desires to know at what hour you will be 
called, and will prove a, very valuable aid before your visit 
is over. There is nothing you may want which he c.-umo 
procure; nothing which needs to he done which he cannot 
do. He appears punctually iu the morning with your 
shaving water, lays out your under-clothing, brushes your 
coal aud pants, and makes himself generally useful. For 
these services he expects to be "tipped'' to the extent of a 
sovereign or two, and will be very thankful for less. The 
hour for breakfast, is understood to lie eight, but late risers 
are apt to keep the cloth on the table for two hours' after 
that. If is best to appear punctually at the .family hours, 
and very particularly if one is hound for Hie moor. Of 
course the guest provides himself wiib a game U en e 
without, which it would be an insult to the host, a- wi.-il as 
an infringement of the law, to appear in the game preserves 
with a gun; but, armed with that authoritative scrap of 
revenue paper, you may shoot as many grouse as yon etui, 
after the Twelfth, for by eight o'clock on the morning of 
that day the birds are exposed for sale in all the game-shops 
in London, Liverpool and other large cities, at seven shil- 
lings aud sixpence, and ten shillings aud sixpence, a brace. 

The movements of a sporting party on the moors are to a 
certain extent regulated by the number of guns, the nature 
of the ground, the course of the wind, and often by the 
dogs. Well-trained and obedient animals are indispensable 
in shooting grouse. However abundantly stocked a moor 
maybe, iuferior dogs will certainly mar sport. A first-class 
game dog should be above all obedient to a gesture, and 
even to a glance; he should be a diligent ranger, going over 
his ground methodically from right lo left, aud from left to 
right; he should be steady at, his "points," and steady 
under fire: he should be careful never to rush through a 
covey; and, lastly, he should be a good retriever One 
sportsman may prefer a pointer, and another asetter, while 
it may be no easy matter for either to give a reason for his 
preference; but an animal such as lias been described, be it 
pointer or setter, dog or slut, will rarely indeed make a 
mistake, rarely flush up a covey, and rarely need a word of 
command to be repeated. Errors are more rarely commit- 
ted on the moors by dogs than by their masters. A novice 
may frequently be seen to lose his nerve before a rising 
covey, to fire into the "brown of 'em," or to take a shot at 
a bird that belongs properly to his neighbor; but such mis- 
takes soon wear off, and when a greenhorn has once ac- 
quired the knack of covering one bird with his gun, it is 
hard for him to lose it again. On extensive preserves a 
party may walk from morn to dewy eve without going 
twice over the same ground; hut on moors of ordinary ex- 
tent, it is well to divide the day by a two hours' rest about 
noon. By observing this rule the birds are not too much 
hunted from cover to cover, and more game will be bagged 
than if there was an incessant scramble after the dogs all 
day. Besides, in this interval lunch occurs very accept- 
ably, especially if a hamper be sent down from the house. 
The dogs should not be fed at all till evening, or if fed, 
they should be fed very lightly. .Many an afternoon's sport 
has been spoiled by some greenhorn, in the absence of the 
gamekeeper, throwing scraps to the dogs at lunch. Their 
diet, therefore, should be left to the keeper, who, know- 
ing the disposition of each animal under his care, may give 
a morsel to one which he would withhold from another. 

The contents of the game-bag, however large it may be, 
are soon disposed of . The birds tire roasted, stewed and 
even made into a very excellent soup; ami a few brace are 
consumed in this way at dinner. What remain after the 
house-larder has been provided for, are packed off, each 
with a pepper-corn in its throat, to the friends of the host. 
In a very few weeks the birds become wild and hard to 
shoot, the coveys gather into packs, and the sport becomes 
more of a hunt, and less of a massacre. Bad seasons, .lis 
ease and over-shooting have done mueh lo thin out the. 
birds on the best moors, and game-preservers during the 
past few years have begun to be somewhat more conserva- 
tive in the manner of their sport, 

In the absence of our regular tetter from " Idstoue," we 
print the foregoing. —Ed.] 



26 



FOREST AND STREAM. 



Sen and giver egushuffl. 



FISH IN SEASON IN AUGUST. 



FISHING IN THE SCHUYLKILL. 

NoRKiSTWN, Pa., August 10th, 1874. 



Editor Forest akd Stubam:- 

Black boss fishing has commenced in tin* Schuvlkili. and quite a i 
l-er have been caught, r.mniiie from Ho 5 bounds in weight in the I 
*ater S belojf Ebwlings, Catfish, Norristown, CanSholiocken and 
Rock Hums. Tlic principal bail used is the live minnow (ehinei I, altni 



nsful 



v. IK. 



rites "ii August lTlli that success is varying, j 
W. C. Rogers, of New York, caught seventy king ' 



•oil 



—The display of fish on the market slabs is about as last 
week, in quantity and variety, but much briny area is for- 
aged in order to gather them in, and fishing for sport has 
become slack, and the tish "mighty onccrtain." Our 
correspondent at Bar-negat Bay, who keeps us ihoroughiy 
posted, writes 
One day"W 

fish and twenty weakl'isli off Forked River Point. On the '. 
mussel beds near Kiusey's, at the Inlet, is a favorite sheeps- | 
bead ground, and fleets of skiffs and sneak boats are always ' 
there. Half a dozen fish to a tide is a pretty fair catch, i 
so that, if thercare twenty boats, the total catch would 
reach :>00. The best time for fishing is at high water shirk, 
that is, from the first of the flood to the first of the ebb. 
iji. day or two ago young Willie Kinsev, son of J vv. Kin- 
sev, the proprietor of the Inlet, only eleven years old, took 
a ten pounder with a roil and reel, which is a very credit- 
able performance Foi any one. A few biuefish have been 
caughi in t'ne channel and at the "Entrance buoy:" weak- 
fish is the staple article al present. Soft crabs plenty, and 
"deviled crab-," tun, for that matter, at Al K.'s We can- 
not, in the present state of things, promise heavy catches 
to any visitor to Barnegat. We have a letter from a Peeks- 
kill gentleman who was down last week, who speaks of 
haying most gratifying success catching weakfish for two 
consecutive days, "vera hundred in all. 

Their is a ii.'iliu*! rivalry between Waretown and Bar- 
n.-gui tillage, but as the places are but three miles apart, 
bv i tic -ame railroad, both are equally* accessible logout! 
fishing points. 

—The fishing for striped bass in the East River has 
been good 'lining the past week. Parties leave Col. 
Brown's ui Ninety-second street and avenue A, where boats 
and bait are always to be had. for the best fishing grounds, 
viz. • I log's Back," Flood Rock, Mile Rock, Holmes Hock, 
"\.:.".er Point," and the Hope Walk, Ward's Island; also 
the I. omj. Island shore at Woolsey'.s Point and Lawrence's 
lvi.lv. The tish average three pounds each. Bat 
the (ittSOil li.a-s weighing thirty pounds are taken hy- 
ing w illi squid at night in Hell Gate and vicinity. 

— Capt. Benjamin B. Church, of Cutty hunk, ret 
.■aught a big bass, but while hauling it in a big shark t 
it and took half. The portion saved weighed 
pounds. 

— Al Alexandria Cay, on the St. LawTeuce River, and 
throughout: the Thousand Islands generally, fishermen and 
fish have congregated. At the Grossman House there weie 
175 people at one time, including the following notables, 
anglers, and "gentlemen in general:"— Hon. John (.'. Breok- 
enridge and wife of Kentucky; C. R. Breckenridge of New 
Orleans: lien. Al. Mciluade, and family of Utica; Mayor 
Hunter and family, Brooklyn; Marcellus Massey and 
family, New York- Fred S. Masseyand family, Brook- 
lyn; Dewitt C. West and family of l.owville. The 
Crossm an House i- already a favorite resort and seems to 
be well liked and patronized from basement to Mansard. 

—All the Erie railroad officers are either fishermen already, 
or are rapidly acquiring the rudiments. Secretary Mc- 
Donough is now among the salmon and trout of Lower 
.ui id l. Cashier Thomson goes to Colorado in a few days, 
ill search of an item for Forest and Stjik am, astray in 
tlie Middle Park; Treasurer Shearman gets away where- 
iri be ean, and Superintendent Abbot is of course devoted 
;.. the "Abbey" and other flies. 

— Black bass fishing has not. been good thus far this sea- 
son in the vicinity of Niagara Falls. A letter from a mem- 
ber of the Niagara Falls Shooting Club, says:— 

i in. i ice here that, the grass on the bars that generally appears above 
v. n.-r about July, is just beginning to show itself, a full month and more 
late. As the grass bars form eddies at the foot in Bftieh the base delight 
m lie, we may have our full amount of sport yet, although a lint.- Inn-. 
The rock bass and perch fishing was fine this spring." 

— A letter froom Moosehead Lake says that trouting there 
cannot now be surpassed. A. B. Farrar is now accommo- 
dating twenty or thirty anglers at his house at east out- 
let of Moosehead. He is an old surveyor and capital guide, 
ami can be addressed at Greenville, Maine. 

-A few weeks ago \tr. Oscar Morse, of Amherst, Mass., 
took, with lly, eight trout in a stream atShutesbury, twenty 
miles from Amherst, weighing nineteen and three quarter 
pounds. How is that, for fishing'- The largest one was 
sold to a Boston gentleman for $5. 

—It is not known, that near as St. John's is to Montreal, 
and large town as it is, the sport there is so good. Two of 
[lie leading people here have caught thirty pounds of fiue 



Thursday last he 
mi tish and chilli— fi' 



. at trial Kork Dam, four 
><k P.sb isiripeil bass) ti 



been. 

Onr river is now high, and muddy fr.ini the heavy lain of Saturday; Inn 
when it clears vve look for tine lishiug. The experiment of slocking our. 
rivers with has? has proved a complete success, and there is some talk of 
stocking it with the delicious little fish, the white perch. S. 



irly-two 



fish between them .in 
the Scotch guide expressed 
A disciple of Mr. Isaac Walt 
big a haul trolling with a minnow 
has-', black bass, shad, Ac, and a. 
two pounds. To those who likt 
John's is a nice easy distance f: 
not too fii 
those win 



ith the fly, which, as 

s "gentleman's fishing." 

from Montreal, made as 

. They consisted of rock 

teof them weighed over 

'the gentle sport," St. 

Montreal, not too near, 

ellent English hotel there, and 

lociations with foreign clll 





LAKE STERLING. 


< 

Editor Pomst * 
This beautiful la 
held in high esteen 
Ne-iliiiL- lovingly a 
by woodland and g 
clear as , r- 1 


SirVm-ns. \ v.. Augusi iai.li. JUT-I 
".'D .Stream:— 


,,',.]-, 




spend a day 01 twi 





ermines of the road. The train 
junction at 7:30 A. M. and i 1". 
iporinrcndont. John Q, Mi.-.-imar, 



Ti,eni..-t -tirces-tiilan-'.crwho, a- :->-. has Hahed there is a Mr. Millet 
from Nc'vbnr-li. N V . win. Invariably catches a goodly number of 
large Hsti In the month of July this gentleman, accompanied by his 
family and a few lri.-i.d-. sp.-nl u .nnple of weeks a! tin: Int..-. bringing 
wiui them three tenta and camp outfit, and pitching their tents in a u-w 

dry and ptc.ttrre6q.oe spot, rhey camped eat. taking -"'.id • I'.m: and had 

a good lime L-fui-rally. When iliey left, tenta and contents were left 
standing and Villi no one to guard them, it brim- .Mr. Miller's purpose 



century Bat us 1 intend- 
V fardier in describing the 

ill Only add thai n nttrc 

ewhomake.it. As 



The 



show 



■ P foi 



lugbi n 



ml i.i that time : 

tie said, •■ttiai. there were 

' stormy, and liahing wa- 



will enjoy a stay in a thoroughly French family hotel, 
clean and airy, with good cooking and moderate charges. 



abandoned. 

One Of our party had a lame back; k medicine. Another a sore 

foot; took medicine Another toot medicine because he was wet, an- 
other because lie was dry. Aie.tl.er. a philanthropist, in order to -In >w 
Ids lniinaiiiiv to man. took some lo keep us comjiany Ttiree different 
prescriptions, taken for different ailments, and yet. no matterwhoee 
~,-d. it met wiili a cordial reception. One, and hat one. of 

fishing. Procuring' some flies uud.-ruround near s pigsty, be proceeded 
;.. the lake, and finding a rod to his taste (u was tinjoinluiL old. crooked. 

abont 26 trout, brook and lake The brook tront. looked like theold- 
fasbi.aie.l sun fish, being short and fiat, but being speckled, of course 
Iheywere trout. The lake trout were golden yellow; hud they been 

thought it time to stop lie in- -inc.- go...- to Greenwood Lake to, have 
it our. m.-ans to fish uhmc and eal.h »'. ■ Will expect a 

fishv report frotu him. B. B. Wanm u:ctt. 

- .»•*■ 

TROUTING IN NORTHERN MICHIGAN. 



V Mabqoettk. L. 8, Mich., August 10th, 1874. 

Editor Forest and Stream:— 

As to the best truut streams in northern counties of Michigan. 1 will 
commence at a point about thirty miles above While Fish Point, the en- 
trance to Lake Superior, which is Bfly or sixty miles from Saull So- 
Marie. Gravel river has large trout, una a gr m my Of them, A beau- 
tiful lake, i miles wide and 2 long, lie- about 4 miles from Grand 
Marina river, and ts tilled with black bass and pickerel. A parly fishing 
here last. Week caught 14 bass in Iwo hours, by trolling, the largest of 
which weighed r. pounds. Pickerel are very large here also— as high as 
20 pounds or more. This lake is about one mile south of bake Superior, 
and requires boats to be earned across an immense sand blutl to get to 
it. it isa great resort for deer all through the season, and more or less 
can be shot any night by torchlight by whoever will lake the trouble. 
Leaving here, we pass the Grand Suable, the Pictured Hocks, and come 
to Miners river. Here I have caught many line trout and shot deer. 
NexMs Brand Island, A tine hotel here, and summer resort. Trout and 
deer are plenty. In Anna River, at the head of the bay , I have caught 
many trout, of 8 and 4 pounds tu weight. I have also caught them as 
large off. the dock in the bay. There are many small streams and lakes 
Iul.be vicinity full of trout. An-traiu Lake comes next, abounding iu 
pickerel, wiih plenty of deer about . Next comes Laughing White Fish 
Point, and then the C'hocoly River. In this river, which is three 
miles from Marquette, I have taken trout weighing over 5 pounds. This 
river and its branches are full of trout. I have also shut deer and duok 
on its borders and in its waters. Then comes Carp River, full of fish, 
and then Marquette. Marquette has flue accommodations for the trav- 
eler and sportsman, it being a city of over B.OOO inhabitants. Two rail- 
roads, terminate here, and steamboats from all points make this their 



principal stopping-place. Steam yachts, tugs, and pleasure boats of all 
kinds can be had here. From this place to Huron Bay— 50 miles or more 
— trout fishing is excellent. At a place called Sank's Head, in 1837, Mr. 
B. B. Campbell and myself caught in two forenoons, between the bourn 
of 111 and 2, 68 f pecklad trout. Two or them weighed over 7 pound!, 
each, as many good sportsmen can testify. 
Y.-tc.-day Sir. S. P, Kly caught the largest one taken here this Season, 
. .-ral hours after taken from the « ater) 5 lbs. 2 oz. This year 

this. I ,nii afraid, will gradually exterminate the large fish. T- 

Chicago come here and take all offered, whether caught in Gill neisor 

BOtexw&o. t always make it anoint todeetroytl tietawnerevm I come 

across them, i.a-t week, .Mes-r-. Richard and William Kay ol Boston, Dr, 

Little c.arlick l.'i-.er. >ahnon. Trnat and Huron Rivers KTC all tilled with 
large trout. A tent i- a nece-sary adjunct of all parties lo these -..'■ Alt 
But I have made this long, and will here close. Yours truly. 

II. 1!. MATHKK 



CATCHING A STURGEON. 

[\ Madison, Wis., August ph. is; i 

Editor Forest and Stream:— 

The usual routine of our summer fishing has been surprised out of its 
customary decorum by the capture of u monster, 

In ourproliticUkes we have canget ■.'.'.■pound pickerel and Tglt hupp. . 
c-potind black bass and felt triumptiam ; even Plo-pouud catfish and have 
survived: but. on Sunday, duly 26th, all our ideas of propriety as fisher 
men were knocked into pi by the capture of a sturgeon (i Pet. 7 inches III 

The capture was witnessed by hundreds of people, who happened to 

beasserabledata Die nic. \ Mr Wilson 'fir' iced the iish playing 

on too surface of (be water of Lai:.' M tui.ntiil tmmodlafoly weiu 

a-b. •.;•.• a.-.! informed Mr. ll.iniden. a veteran old hunter, ot in.- raw 

capture, tu'il'.rs. coining ie 



'. Haindeuslio 

...red that the 
id so, and this 



lab 






e spear firmly through the base or one of her dorsal 

lapped the spear handle like a match, and 

Contest, which lasted about two hoots. 

than .Mi. Itainden been -ul the other end 



fins. One "hi.-k ol her 
then ensued a very excit'in 
Had any less skilful lisbernu 

to the surface she iaslied tin- water like a young whale, and . 

on iho -id.- of He- lishennan, am] the nsir sturgeon was draw u qui 

oily alongside, the line passed through her mouth and gills, and -he ns 
iove.1 ashore, where h.-r anpearance produced' the \>iid.--t excitement 

rts follows: Length, .i feel 1 inches; circumference, front of caudal tins. 
8J inches: front of dorsal Una, 31 inches; front of anal fine, u) inches : 

The 



• the 



n .t,. 



lakes! 11 nor* long has this "Id lady been the sole one of hat apt ci - 

OOCopyfDg .his beautiful sheet. if water? And many nthor speculations 
concerning Ibe mailer afford unbounded scope for theory. I skinned 
the ti- 1 ... preserving the skin with Dr. (.rain's embalming compound, find 
have a very line specimen. 

Is not this the largest rrosh water sturgeon ever caught:- This speci- 
men, in some respects, differs from any known member or the sturgeon 
f.Tlliilv. ul least so far as the r-.ollecliOll of those viewing it, went. Dr. 
Hoy. one of our Stale. Fish .•omiili-sioii.-rs. .alls ii ..|c;>oi...v) ,,,,,< 
(Hoy), bin i am not -tire that this will stand lire. The. old lady must. 

BUrely uave hud some relations at some time of her lire, and flou.1 

other members or this family have made the acquaintance of the ./?»./-- 
/*»», I i 



huliimq nnd fronting. 



>u< a ml r'rhtitf* th.nld br mnifr.d »r,t 



lllt-tli WATER. 


!-'(.i: THE WKKli. 




/m!-: 


Bnnlmi. 


New Vork. 


Chnrleslon . 




i ti.". 
fi 31 
ii 33 
7 40 
8 4S 
H 46 
10 44 


"l 23 

2 17 

3 19 

4 25 

5 SI 
fi 32 
7 2li 


H. X. 




1 31 


Aug.-Jl 

Aug.c'i 

Aug. 20 


2 .)S 

3 40 

4 46 

5 16 

6 4»« 



'1 in- r.-gui':: of fliu New York yacht club, at Newport, 
rra T'.i.-dtiv I Ik- lltli, in which tin: 'Eastern yacht club had 
lit-eii invited to enter, and in which the schooners and sloops 
harl been imnditaippi-il separately, a prize being oili red I 
each '-lass, vras declared no race, the lending yacht not 
completing the coni.-e in the required time ol eight hours. 
It on- tin iiiteresiing .-vent, however. From I he heavy fogs 
which would settle down ami envelope the fleet, leaving 
each yacht in. darkness as to the movements of the com- 
petitors and in fact to its own position and prospects. The 

new vachl Allow, Mr. Daniel Edgar, was tne first of the 
fleet home, but lost, the race bynliout twelve minutes. The 
Arrow, (irnete and W'av ward" worked down the west shore 
on their outward, hound course, and t.y so doing, obtained 
a very gn-ai advantage over their rivals, the Coming Vision 
and Vindex, who went lo the eastward nnd eventually had 
lo start sheets ii: order to round Bloek Island buoy. The 
(Iraeie put back when the fog first settled down, and the 
Wayward had not been sufficiently allowed by the com- 
tuitfeo to stand a chance with a very large vessel like the 

Arrow, or the schooners, the Idler was the flrsi to ■■ ■ • 

Block Island buoy, Coming hack oil' the win. I, rue]. 
.-.ehooitef entered would lead iu tutu, as she would receive 
a favorable slant of wind. Tlie Magie was fortunate enough 
to have the last good turn, and securing the honor ol - 
iu first of i he schooners, although it did uot entitle Iter to 
a prize. 

The regatta of the New York yacht club, not finished 

in time on the 11th, owing to the fog, after some discussion 
in the lleet, was sailed on the day following. The list of 
entries, however, was very much decreased, many of the 
vessels preferring to lie at anchor to sailing races. At 11:18 
the first siiinal was given to prepare, and al, 11:33 the second 
was given.' permitting the yachts lo cross any lime, within 
fifteen minutes. The course was the regular Newport 
course, from an imaginary line drawn between the stake 
ii-.ir hm! ihe Dumpling rocks to and .around Block Island 
uUOy, returning to" starting point. The following yachts 
crossed the line as under: — 

II. 31- S. H. M. 8. 

ViSion.. 11 38 SO Arrow 11 39 50 

tirade 11 IB 05 Wanderer U 41 55 

Magic 11 38 » ttambier 11 42 30 

Vindei ,._ 11 38 381 



FOREST AND STREAM. 



27 



In the beat clown the liarbor there occurred little change 
in posit isn, the Vision, of the sloops, seeming toshOw a 
little more speed in the light wind, and the Waoderci 
slightly decreasing the distance between herself and the 
Wflfftc. 

iOi the yachts worked short stretches down the NajTa- 

fiinsott shore. About 1 :15 the Grade broke tacks with the 
eet and stood to the southward. At LiSOthe Magic and 
Wanderer tacked to the southward off Point Judith, (he 
Rambler at the time being well to the leeward, the 
i R5I lops, VftldeX, Arrow and Vision, close together off 
the point. 

Tltc si he loners now hawing a Long l«g to the southward, 

mi. their staysails and jib topsails, and succeeded in reach- 
ing the huoy with only one short board to the westward 
i I Cell minutes. When the Gracie stood her about on 

her stretch to the westward, the wisdom of course in 
breaking lack with Iter competitors, was plainly shown as 

i o ■ ■ '! i licit' bow» to windward fully two utiles. The 
Humbler held her stn-tch to the southward for some time 
after the Magic and Wanderer tacked Ship, and lee bowing 
the tide, g&ihiSti considerably on [hem. This, in connec- 
tion with the fact that the other schooners had' gotton too 
In,' lo the windward of their course, enabled Iter to round 
the buoy just in advance of the Wanderer and not far 
astern of the Magic. 

The time of luiimlms Was as follows;— 





TCRNING THE BCOY. 








//. M. ff. 




if. M. s. 


Grucic 


i :m 101 Arrow 




. 3 tr 10 


Magic 


. . 9 .1(1 SO! Vn,l, -: 




. 3 tilt ;-;,■) 


llmii liter 


3 44 UO Ytefon 




3 r,r -to 


SI ■ 


3 46 25 






Now came I 


lie run home off the wind 


and this 


race was 



no exception to the rule that the run is always the most 
uninteresting part of it res ' 

The Magic increased her lead considerably, and the 
Rambler drew away from the Wanderer. 

The Arrow sloop also passed the Wanderer and fell into 
position astern of the Rnnbler. 

The following' is the result of the race: — 

Eltipmt i ;.,■:, st a 

3VfltB«, Start. FUmh. Time. Vim*. 

11. M. S. 11. M. S. H. M. S. ft M. S. 

Magic .. 11 3!l 3D li H 0."> li 39 -15 H 28 45 

Hambler 11 B S3 6 32 m S 40 SO 6 3.3 50 

Wanderer 11 41 55 6 31 35 fi 49 JO li 4'J 4S 

Gracie n 31) On « 13 05 6 30 00 6 33 00 

Arrow 11 89 St (' ffl HI li 48 30 II 48 ?0 

VTsiOO 11 88 SO 49 IB 1 10 45 7 OS 50 

Yiedo. 11 30 33 6 47 55 7 OS 17 7 11 40 

riie Graeie wins the sloop prize and the Magic the one 
for schooners. 

Trrii Finish db the Hew Tokk Yacht Glob CKinste.— 
The 13th of August was fixed for the run from Newport to 
Oak Bluffs, Martha's Vineyard, and the morning was 
ushered in with a strong breeze and ft cloudy sky, giving 
promise of plenty of wind through the day. The prizes 
were n sel of colors for the victor in each class ; the race 
open to yachts of the eastern clubs ; no restrictions as to 
canvas, and course from Brenlou's Heel' Lightship to the 
anchorage at Oak's Bluff. 

From the. harbor to t he rendezvous at the Lightship most 
of the schooners had wind enough to tie riowii a couple of 
reefs in their mainsails, and the only sloops that found it 
advisible to start in the breeze then blowing, the " Vindex'' 
and "I aiming," went out under the snuggest possible 
sail. 

As I hey nearcd the Lightship, however, the wind mod- 
erated, and the Dauutless set her main topsail. The Idler 
then sel the example to the rest of the fleet by turning out 
her reefs, and by the time the licet hove to in line leeward 
of the a&Bsbip,' in obedience to her signal, every one was 
under full sail. The yachts reporting for business upon 
this occasion were the Wanderer, Josephine, Idler, Alarm, 
Foam, Vindex and Coming. At 12 :U7 the signal lo start 
was given, and the sloops were the first to gather way, the 
Coming getting rather the better of the Vindex in starting, 
leading her a couple or lengths. The schooners wen- also 
of£ immediately, led by the Idler, Who ran up liar jib top- 
sail as she paid" off, and within a few seconds had it, taken 
in for her, as her fore topma-l went by the board. She 
then had to luff and clear away the wreck, during which 
operation the rest of the fleet left her a couple of miles 
astern. At imminent risk 10 their sticks, the other 
schooners began to pile on sail, getting up jib topsails, gaff 
topsails and main top mast stay sails. The Wanderer soon 
showed to the front of the schooners, and the Vindex was 
doing splendidly, hauling perceptibly upon her rival. 

The fleet were accompanied by Ihe " Alice" of the 
Brooklyn Yacht Club, and working schooner W. 51- Van 
Name, both did well, the Van Name, however, gradually 
dropping astern of the yachts. Towards 8 o'clock the 
wind lighted tip, and the Dauutless passed the Wanderer, 
who fell in line astern with the Foam and Alarm. 

As they approached the entrance to Vineyard Haven it 
breezed up again and they- had all they wanted, and the 
Vindex, the winning sloop, passed the "Restless," which 
was acting as stake-boat, with the wreck of her top-mast 
hanging to leeward. 

The time of arrival were as follows : 

SCHOONKKS. 

Finish. Elamal lime. 

Name. H. M. S. Hi M. 8. 

Dauntless 4 48 30 4 41 30 

Foam .1 53 00 4 40 00 

Wanderer 4 50 00 4 49 00 

Alarm 4 b7 , 30 4 50 80 

Idle. 6 S3 43 5 14 43 

Josephine ...5 SB 25 5 IS 15 

Viailc- 5 18 S3 5 11 23 

flaming. 5 19 to S VI 40 

Below is the time of the accompanying schooners ! 

Alice o 2 00 4 55 00 

Van Name 5 10 00 5 3 00 

It was a glorious race, and magnificently won by the 
Dauntless and Vindex in their respective classes. 

The Corinthian Race.— We regret that this race should 
have had no representations from the New York, Brooklyn, 
or Atlantic yacht clubs. It seemed to us an excellent Op- 
portunity for demonstrating thai we have real live yachts- 
men in our clubs. BostiVentered four yachts, the Azulia, 
Tempest. Fearless and Foam, and every one of them ap- 
peared and sailed u'pon the day appointed. New York 
entered several schooners and not one sent in a list of their 
crews as required by the committee, for the Idler, the win- 
ning yacht, sailed under the colors of the rieawanhaka 
yacht club. 



— The yacht Beth Green won the first prize at the regatta 
held at Charlotte near Rochester. There were li f I een en- 
tries and the course of twelve miles was accomplished by 
the leading yacht, in onehour forty-five minutes and twelve 
seconds. 



— l\Ir. Loubat, owner of the American sehooder-yncht 
Enchantress, has issued a challenge lo any member of any 
yacht club of Europe to sail a match wflh his vessel next 
July for a cup valued at 100 guineas over the Prince of 
Wales cup course. 

— The Halifax yacht club, with characteristic courtesy, 
have made the American cricket deputation — now at the 
Halifax tournament — guests of their club. On Monday, 
they took the Americans on a cruise in Halifax harbor "in 
the club yachts. 

A YACHT Wanted.— The yacht Isabel, from Boston for 
Portland, went to pieces off Plum Island August lllh. Her 
passengers, B. R. Nirns, C. F. Littlehall and F. E. Ptigcr, 
were rescued by a parly of haymakers and carried to a 
hotel in an exlitiusted c'onditiou! 

Quikcy Yacht Ct/rjB — A new yacht club with this name 
has been formed bv gentlemen of Quiney, Mass., wi h the 
following officers:—' 

Commodore, .lames H. Slade: Vice-commodore, H. A. 
Keith; Secretary and Treasurer, H. M. Federhen; Regatta 
Committee, II. M. Federhen, John Shaw, Jr., Marcus" W. 
White, Chas. F. Pierce and Freeman Whitrnarsh. The 
club numbers sixty-nine members, having thirtv-seven 
yachts. The first regatta took place on Saturday last. 

Four first-class yachts entered of 23 feet and upward, 
of Which the sloop Vision, Captain E. Wooster, won; of 
second class, 18 feet to 33 feet, six entries, cat rig Secret, 
Captain J. Bunnev, won; third class, 14 feci, to 23 "feel, rive 
entries, eat rig Dolly Varden won; of fourth class, 14 
feet and under, seven entries, cat rig Captain J. Clarke 
won: It will be seen that most of the craft belonged to 
the mosquito fleet, but all were sailed under the Corinthian 
plan. Next regatta, 20th August. 

• —Up lo Monday of this week there were forty-one en- 
tries for ihe Isle 'of Shoals (Oceanic) regatta which lakes 
place to-day. August 20, off the New Hampshire coast, and 
already referred to in two preceding numbers of this jour- 
nal. Many more have signified their intention to enter. 
The Idler of the New York squadron, the Wivern, Wan- 
derer, Eva, and Curlew of the Boston fleet, the Kittie Les- 
lie, Mercury, Mabell, Starlight, and many other yachts ar- 
rived there' on Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday. In our 
report of the regatta next week "we shall give a' complete 
list of yachts entered. 

SOUTH Boston Yacht Club.— The deciding race of the 
championship for first and second prizes of the first class 
centreboard vaehts of this club, occurred Saturday after- 
noon last off' their club house at City Point, South Boston, 
Mass.. resulting as follows. Start, 3:10:— 

Fannie Commander Beuj. Dean 4 57 23 

Naiad Queen.. Capt. W. Kilned 5 03 54 

Eva Capl. E. Bangs 4 57 30 

Ripple Capt, C. D. Macomber 5 01 87 

Pi .sey Capt. H. J. MeKee 5 11 59 

Time allowance gives the first prize (o the Fannie, and 
second to the Naiad Queen. 

—The race for the championship of the Delaware, be- 
tween the yachts Willie Kleinlz and al Dnger was sailed 
August 10th. The course was from Thompson's Landing, 
at Gloucester, to Chester buoy and return, distance tweuty- 
live milles. The Kleiutz won, beating the Dager sixteen 
minutes, getting in two miles ahead. Time — 6:25 

—The first-class vaehts Cuthbert, of Coburg, Ontario, 
and Cora, of Detroit, sailed on Lake St. Clair August 10th, 
for the Goodwin Cup. The race was fifteen miles to wind- 
ward and return. The wind was Variable. The Cuthbert 
won in live hours and forty-two minutes. The Cora came 
in eighteen and a half minutes later. 

Spuing Lake Reoatta, — The regatta at Spring Lake, 
Michigan, on the 12th and 13th August proved a great suc- 
cess. " We regret our inability personally to accept the Com 
mittee's invitation to be present. In the first race for 
double scull shells, Curtis and Yates came into position on 
signal, and soon afterwads, Williams and Alcock followed 
litem, taking choice of position, and chose the north course, 
Both were off witll a perfect start, Curtis and Yates rowing 
35, and Alcock and Williams 34 strokes per minute. At. 
3:35 the mile buoy was pa'ssed. Curtis and Yates a trifle 
ahead. On the return both crews came spinning along at 

33 strokes to the minute. When within a quarter of a 
mile of home both crews put on a splendid spurt, but too 
late for Alcock and Williams, Curtis and Yates coining in 
one length ahead, in 15-27. 

The second race was for six-oared shells. Promptly at 
the signal the D. W. Buck, of Lansing, Michigan, started 
into position, her crew attired in a tasty blue and white 
uniform, and a few minutes later the crews of the Detroit 
boats, Enid and Emily R. Russell drew into position. The 
Russells made the quickest start, but the Kvids quickly 
drew ahead, passiug the first mile in 8:15, the Russell 
second, and the Buck almost out of sight befiind, The 
Russells turned the one and a half mile, easy four seconds 
ahead. On the reluru the Russells and Enids laiu them- 
selves out for some strong work, and did it, coming in tit 
84 to 38 strokes, the Russell pssing the flag four lengths 
ahead, in 18:59. The Buck came in just before supper. 

The third race was for barges, and was contested by the 
Farragut Boal club and Chicago barge Ada M. Boyden, 
four oars; average 'weight of crew, 135 pounds; and the 
Grand River club, of Lansing, entered the eight-oar barge 
Wm. A. Barnard, the weight of the crew averaging 150 
pounds. The Boyden is called a barge by courtesy, being 
really a barge built shell. At 5:11 both* crews started at 
the signal, making a very even race. The Barnard turned 
the mile buoy three seconds ahead, and came back rowing 

34 strokes per minute, leading by about fonr lengths, both 
crews working their best. The Lansing crew came in four 
lengths ahead',' at a stroke of 33. Time— 14:05. The Far- 
ragut was 21 seconds later, and was given the race on time 
allowance. 

The fourth race was for junior.single sculls. H. W. 
Pearson won the choice, and took the north shoie; Wil- 
liams second, Edelman third, Standish fourth, Wiley fifth. 
Pearson won in 15:45; Standish second, only half a'leugth 
behind, the others struggling behind. 

Probably 1,000 Chicagoans were in attendance, and large 
delegations from Detroit, Grand Rapids, and other cities 
and towns swelled the crowd to probably 8,000 or 10,000. 



OUK YACHTS ABROAD. 

— On July 25, two American yachts contended in the re- 
gatta held under the auspicies of the Societc des Regales 
clu Havre. 

These vessels, the Enchantress, Mr. J. F. Loubat, and 
the Faust ine, Mr. G. Pcabodv Russel, were here pitted 
against several well-known English yachts, among which 
were the Gwendolin, Cetonia and Corinne, schooners, and 
the Florinda, tlirondale and Gertrude, yawls. Also, Sca- 
pin and Mesange, French yachts. 

The day was so lluky tliat nothing could be determined 
accurately concerning the relative speed of the yachts, the 
English schooners scenting to hold the Enchantress off the 
wind, bu1 dropping astern when the wind hauled forward 
of the beam. In one or two puffs, however, which gave 
the large vessels a momentary chance. The Enchantress 
Showed mOVft 8peed al reaching than any of her rivals. 

The Faustmc, although possibly in bad luck, never 
seemed to distinguish herself or get out of the ruck. 

At the finish the Corinne, Florinda and Celonia in Un- 
order named preceded the Enchantress; the Faustine was 
third from last. 

— On July 27, the same yachts again met for a chan- 
nel race from Havre to Southsea, " This race was under 
the auspicies of the Yachl Club de France, and the Roy id 
Albert yacht club of England. The day again was unsatis- 
factory, there being no wind until just at the finish. The 
Enchantress, which had been considerably astern of the 
leaders, coming up on them in fine style after gelling Ihe 
breeze and finishing first, not sufficiently in advance, how- 
ever, to win, the Corinne schooner having the race fasi 
enough on time, although she carried away both topmasts 
and main gaff. We hope some better luck, in the way of 
weather may happen to our yachts in their next encounters. 



— The Saratoga rowing association will hold its second 
annual regatta cm August 28, 29, 31. Entries for the ama- 
teur regatta have been received as follows: Single scull 
shells for the championship of the State of New York, 
7; for the double scull shells. 5; for the senior single scull 
shells, 13; for the pair-oared shells, 5: for the junior single 
scull shells, 12; for the four-oared shells, 12. The crews 
are from the following clubs: Of New York city— Atlanta, 
Athletic, and Gramercy; of Bergen Point, N. J. —The 
Argonauta; of Hoboken, N. Y r .— Atlantic; of Toronto, 
Canada— Argonauta; of Albany, N. Y.— Beaverwiek Mu- 
tual; of Buffalo, N. Y.— The "Buffalo; of Norfolk, Ya.— 
The Chesapeake; of Charleston, S. C— Palmetto; of Chi 
cago, 111. — Chicago Scullers; of Allegheny city, Pa. — Du- 
quesue; of Grand Haven, Mich. — Grand Haven; of Bath, 
Me,— Gleam; of Portland, Me.— Amateur; of Washington, 
D. C— fotomac- of Greenpoint, L. I.— Seawanhaka; ot 
Union Springs, N. Y. — Union Spring: of Savannah. Ga. — 
Vernon; of Saginaw, Mich. — Wahwahsum; and the Sara- 
toga Rowing Association. Mr. William Woods of New 
York has been appointed referee. All complaints against 
any entry must be filed with Commodore Brady previous to 
the 20th", accompanied by sworn affidavits. The racing is 
fixed to begin each clay at 11 o'clock A. M. 

— Sadler, the English champion has accepted Brown's 
challenge to row. The race is to come off on the River 
Bann, at Coleraine, Ireland, in October. Brown has ordered 
a new boat in England. 

— The Halifax rowing club on August 17, agreed to accept 
the challenge of Ewee. "Morris, of Pittsburg, to row agrinst 
Brown for $2,000, provided the race can come off at Hali- 
fax on or about the 3d of September, Morris to be allowed 
$150 for expenses. 

— The Potomac crew, of Washington, have taken up 
their quarters on Saratoga Lake. Thev have possession of 
the boat-house where Yale was located at Mycr's Cedar 
Bluff Hotel. 

—The State Rowing Associasion of Louisiana persist in 
refusing to allow the St. John Rowing Club to compete for 
the championship because it is not a member of the 
State Association. Contests for the State championship 
should be open to all legitimate boat clubs within the 
State, 

—Another new club has been formed in New Orleans. 
It has been named the Southern Boat Club, and has already 
a good list of members. 

—The Beaverwycks of Albany will have entries for 
nearly all the races' at Sararoga Lake. 

—The Mututils of Albany intend doing their rowing this 
season at Troy, under the auspices of the National Asso- 
ciation. 

— Our Galveston, Texas, yachting correspondent, enclo- 
ses us the followiug note, accompanied by a detailad ac- 
count of a regatta held there on the 7th. We have to cur- 
tail the report of the latter: — 

Galveston, Texas. August 12th, 1874. 
Ebi'Kii! Forest jsh Sti:k.cm: — 

Our boat club is doing well, having expended something like S3.000, 



'liie assemblage mi theTth was larger than that Which witnessed the last 
race. The lfldieB, especially, were ont in great numbers, The distance 
unwed wm ons ami .1 half mile- ewrte&tants, l*S Jennie, Boyd mid Gyp- 
sey; two races; weather clear and warm; gentle southerly breeze: water 
smooth; time, evening; prizes, (lold Maltese Cros-es to each member of 
111.- winning crew. 

First EUrna,— Jnngeft— Messrs. T. R. Thompson; .1. B. Vun Lieu, 
trad Miirtin Davuy. 

IV. w.— Jennie, four-oured hont, colors blue. John G. Hitchcock, bow: 
Wm. Bondies, N". S; .lohu Croii.v, No 3; Frank Hitchcock, stroke, and 
HiirrrUdsri.no. cox-wmn 

i ■>>.">• — Wm Uoyd. four-oared boat, colore red. A. T., DOItfllly, bow; 
G. M . Vun Uetl,No &, H P Ball. NO, 3: Leo Nicholas, stroke, mid 
Nic Lidstonu. cosswnin. 

UrWf, CI vps,.y. four-oared bout, colors white. Manned by M. tiregg. 
bow; Ed. Boyd. No. ■!: I. L. Un/gins. No 3: John Boyd, stroke; 
Ben Otway, coxswain. 



frai,-Wm. Boac, tour-oared boat, colors led .1 . (.:. Wortham, bow; 



28 



FOREST AND STREAM. 



Fred. Lewis, No. 2; H. Painter, No. 3; John N. Stowe, stroke; L. M. 
Waters, coxswain. 

Ortiw— Jennie, four-oared boat, colore blue, James Hickey, bow; Geo. 
H. DirmcTtr, So. 2: E. T. Matthews. >'o. 3; Jos. Labadie, stroke: A. 
H. Perry, coxswain . 

Cititi.— Gypsey, font-uared boat, colors white. W. K. Hall, bow; II. 
Levine, So. 8; O. W_ .Manning, No. 3; Alex. Nichols, stroke; C. J. 
McEae, coxswain. Tours truly. j.L. 

TWO DAYS IN A BIRCH CANOE. 

ElJlTOB r'llBKST A! 

In your entertain 

with par. i 

limited toll i 



1 6TIUSAM - — 

- -in. h'.-.-riirti','.- i-^TdVS on Ciiuoeiui*, I perceive, 
that your descriptions of tout Eaisoltmting sport are 

. Cftooe, so caHod, I i ton unmerited neglect of the 

i .', .-i ; : , ..1 ii iii 1... i Lie "birchen bark" of poesy unci fact. If 
(bli „-,. ■-,., ignition itouronjj national craft is intentional, I must, for 
.ii,. in..' ..-i against the exaltation of an urritictul, unsociable, one- 
mas-power boat, OVerlbc fairy-like, graceful and every way convenient 
and {rictmeeque bark of i •■ > i -sensible predecessors. For rryet or lukt- 
nayigation nothing of i . •: ■ miou Equals the Indian bark in. 
iiiomlness and beauty- and as to safety, in the 

i,,i,,,i-- of skilled p iddleri ii i only C| dbj i Yankee wiialelioat. 

Is there any thing else! Yes, chtsapl --. and m Uiispoi 
icky times, the birc!i.-:i .". 0e i- omothin: thai iippciil to the noblesi 
, , , . Thirty or forty dollars, will boyyouainrstoake 
oue. midif you have, any kind of avarane luck it Will UlSI yoi I Hi ' 
and that of your heirs— if they inherit your cauoebial ru-le. 

And now to relate the experience of Three Wise Men of Boston, who 
v.f-m to Baa :..- • k in I i •alii - bari "Mlllicite," a dainty little 
i. , 21 feet in length ai.du reel in '.vidtb, ami ... lean 

broken piece of bark, as is the custom of "ye salvages." Motive power. 
i.,vm [Mii'ii* . - -" i pole; and a tiny -nil Ave feet by nil', b '. .- Bailed 
from South Boston Point on Fii-liu eu-uiu;.'. July 3d, partly with intent 
to escape tlld incursion of rural Goths and Vandals attending the glori- 
..:_.. as u laudable voyage of exploration, to determine 

. -, igri pbyOt u mysterious stream called Mother Brook, which has 
the apparent faculty, on maps, of running into two rivers— the Neponset 
and Charles— and ruumug, aa it seemed, in . . i opposite dlrecliona, con- 
trary to the law of nature aval the peace and dignity ol be I lornmor.- 
ffealth. 

So wesatled up tne Nepon-ct. paddle and pole doing gmal duly on the 
shallows of Dorchester Bay, A.bove the railroad bridge. Wc paused to 
ad tuir 



erly des 
fill phei 



bed o 



paper, 1 r 
with its 



inch long, which a native boy -aid was a "kive 
Qonsly ascp.mmend the layer aa an article of 
>ugh for the price." After supper we found a 



We turned up our cat 


oe in the approved Indian fash 


un and prepared 


The way 


ii camp under a canoe is by maki 


.•_• II a Bheltet tor 


the treads of the part 
tops strewed on the 


y. under which the pillows urc 
•.'round make a good base for 


improvised; pine 
rubber blankets, 


Which are then cover 
blanket covers ibe b 
built our nest, if we 1 


.1 with woollen ones, and a final t 


ontainerof army 
we should have 
];■.■:-. &c. In the 


absence of which we 
coats, quarrelled for 
god. Wcdid ut sled] 


uell. 1'lease to recollect wc wc 


, put on our over- 
■ooed the drowsy 
re city made pio- 



■.- and not mosqnito proof Then the gentle dew of heaven (several 
ans of H) began dripping on our bodies, and we sal up and smoked, 



tag infill. 



e of civili- 



a. e, liupiired into our several biographies, and 
..■! rketc.i of his ii ivn life and crimes. One only of our party 
slumbered calmly as the paregoric-saturaied infant of the period. But 
he must not be taken a- a .-penmen of the rude backwoodsmen of Ibis 
section, because h- is constitutionally somuoient and unregeuerate; 
the kind of man to go to sleep before you have reached the eleventh 
canto of;.".. woke up next day, or the day after, and 

The "teat advantage of camping out is, that you rise early, an advan- 
tage attain.. I .: on a sidewalk. Wa arose early— at ft A. 
Si'.— and walked about the shore and village for a collide of hours. Then 
wc cooked oar breakfast and paddled across the river to the foot of the 
fulls where we mad- ■-;■ ur-l Carry, It WSS aooul I'lO yards long, and 



with our lighl burden pre 
especially whore i tie pois, 
more difficult, and the cai 
scenery repaid all our t 
calm as a mummy, and tl 
see their beamy in the pa 
held I lie rival charms of 



riflii 



f decked ihe umbrageous haul;, we found 

L-"aii to weigh liloie each lime. Well, the 

tiwasa still, shady day. Tne river was 

. .leas, which stooped down to 

. ; like envious iieiles, only be- 

...... agraut water lilies below, made a picture 

of beauty, simple enough no doubt, bnt as rresh and pure .,- a poem of 
Whitucr. And so we paddled along until we came to a secluded mill 
pond, u bete we bathed uud swam, ami told lying reminiscences of uar- 
r.,, m drowning, and were simply aud naturally virtuous 
■niri n.'.r.-iv " Dinner a' .iflieiid's house in Mdton had the disadvantage, 
served on a cultured 









it 



x>d dn 



eidedly, 
ud dirty 



groccd our syivai, feast in the morning. At lijtlelar 

hollas of overgrown children, celebrating the day in Ui 

and Chinese manner of our fellow citizens, by tiring 

trusting in Providence to furnish a human target. So 

poor or too precocious for lire-arms, contented tneaiee 

rocks .,i t>oi craft, #hich is me natural Anglo 

est in auoveliy: and then we came to (be entrance < 

the ri vur o.' m;. .stery. We found o 

and that 

stream, infested by mills of most inconvenient ucv.s.-, autt iences 

you have to cros, over or swim under, and which seem built or no other 

object than to obstruct navigation. There were live mill dams and as 

many fences, but we got around , or over, or under them, and we dodged 

an unpleasantly cUriona pic mc party and reached the other end or 

Mother Brook tl wonder whose mother of unhallowed memory gave 

h t name to it- obs,"nat.e tide?) at 5 P. M-, at which time, July 4lh, ISM, 

ofth(; , nd ,. ; ■ ,,,.d .States the ninety -sometbingth we 

discovered the source of Mother Brook to be in luc L lures riu.i, 

which a is an errSht branch thai leaves the parent river a lime io I 

Dedham, and ■ ntnres and windings, is ^ los. ^"^^j 

'" 'rld'dured at'twftomlhe bank.'and after taking in the full' 
extent or our folly and mentally cogitating on our forlorn appearance 
for some winni,'-' propounded il,e extraordinary o,aestu)in "Hain't 
you got no rathcus or mothers*'' Such a buy, with such a fTapplonic 
conception of a case, could live only on the banks of that wondrous 
stream. 

.,„.rt ,i,.. chnri^s rlv.-r and bo liecun our i liiiulations; tor, 

rain that drenched us rtdlynnd almost drowned our enthusiasm fo, a 
life of primeval simplicity. On either side stretched a marshy expaii.e 
balf a mile wide, which I BectuaUy closed out the idea of landing, while 
to/miles ahead the river wound its sinuous course. The ruin came 
down, and the night and darkness restod upon the face of the waters, 
when the look-out on the fore-to-sallant thwart-piece signalled alight 
on the weather bow. (S. B. If Forest ash Stkeim want.- a nautical 



writer of vigor and originality, I know an eligible party "as is open to 
offers.") It was a house. We lauded. We culled for shelter in a barn, 
a etable, a kennel— anywhere out of the rain aud liver. The inhabitant 
refused, and came near achieving immortality iu this log. but as we 
turned away disconsolate he repented. He followed its. and showed us 
where to find a resting-place, explaining that he didn't ow n the premises 
he inhabited, and didn't feel authorized to give us shelter in the barn al- 
luded lo. So we beached our birch, and packed our knapsacks Tor a 
long march. Half-way to the house of refuge pointed out, we found a 
farmer's cottage, and It had a barn. Politeness told u- we should ask 
for the use. of the latter. The tame instinct told the hospitable rarmer 
to offer us his house, which he did; but being bound to 'itonah n * .. 
declined in favor of the hat ii. I'm not so certain but that we repented 
the heroic decision En the grill watches of the night, when we awakened 
on our bedsof hay to pick tie: bay seed out of our hair and ears and 
wipe off the raiu which wonld fall through the roof, while the burn 
Swallows kept ieerincly commenting on our misery to each other all 
uigbf. 

Breakfast at 8 A. M. We didn't yearn for rising with the lurk auy lou- 
ver, and it Mill reined dismally. But we were glad of the shelter of Mi)r- 
kvn'H nam, and A3 we pushed off below the little bridge at Newton, wo 
wiped tears of gratitude, mingled with hay seed, from our overflowing 

Oh: nie Ohawla, the ainnons Chawls, Kith it- Choppy waves and uasty 
squiillsl With its wirious dams and its numerous shoals, and Its swamps 
and rocks, and rapids and holes-it is au ugly piece of navigation; and 

I should lie tempted to say that we did'nt enjoy the rain, and the carries,' 
and the pebbles in oor boots, and the clamminess of our shirts, as much 
as we might. 

At night we went, ashore, built a lire, and had an hour of clear weather 
aud solid digestion. It was Sunday, and wc knew wo were not only 
taking big percentages against as of being drowned or struck by light- 
ning, but that we were liable to be arrested and brought before some 
rural Shallow for our desecration of the day; but long impunity had 
made us reckless, aud we sailed along defiant of themoi.-l atmosphere 
surrounding ns. Wc now began Counting the portuee-. and we -omi 
counted the eighteenth and last. Then a rough, but nnhroKcn, course 
of five or six miles brought t" our gladdened eyes the familiar .-p.res and 
chimneys of Boston, and we said we were content. 

Perhaps i" have not made out much of a case f ir my Favorite er. • fr by 
Ibis narrative, bnt it was not her fault that the navigation was uncertain 
and the weather disagreeable. And when we canvassed the Opinions of 
the party arterwards.wbeu the rheumatism and the catarrh began to fade 
out of our systems, we allowed that the ' 'Millidta" was a "bully boat," 
and we bad had a good time. And the same was entered upon our ar- 
chives, or log, as the deliberate result of our first canoe cruise. 

Jlu-itw, .My llfA, 1874. J- J- Kotiii;, 



1iors$ nt\d (&omis$. 



—the Saratoga Racing Association held the: thinl day 01 
the summer meeting ou August 13th. The first, raee was 
a sweepstakes for two year olds, $100 entrance, with *rt>0 
added. Distance, three quarters of a mile. King lioH 
won ; time, 1 :17. The second race was for a purse of $o(>0, 
for three yetu- olds. Distance, one mile and an eighth. 
I). McDaniel's Madge won easily by three lengths: time, 
1:57k The third race was for a purse of $800. Distance, 
two miles and a quarter, Wanderer winnini: by live lengths; 
time, 4:0^. The fourth day of the second summer meet- 
ing was held ou August 156b. The weather was clianii- 
ing, the track in excellent condition, and the grand stand 
presented a beautiful appearance. The first race \v;is a 
dasii of a mile and an eighth, nine horses starting, and was 
run from end to end at great speed. Mr. Bowie's Picolo 
won l he race by half a length, Lizzie Lucas second, aud 
Fadladeen third; time, 1 :5b\ The second race was a free 
handicap for all ages, one mile and three quarters. Three 
horses started for this event. Mr. Bowie's Cateshy won an 
easy race in the quick lime of 3:07$, Gal way second, and 
B. F. Carver third. The third event of the day was a hur- 
dle race with eight leaps, a free handicap for all ages, dis- 
tance, two miles. There were four starters. George West 
was the favorite, and won a capital race; Daylight second, 
Mary Clark third. 

—Mr. Belmont matched his horse Gray Plane!, live years 
old, and to carry 110 pounds, that he would run a mile in- 
side of l:43i- After several postponements, owing 10 a 
heavy track, the race came off last Friday at Saratoga in 
the presence of a number of spectators, admission lo ihe. 
course being free. Gray Planet won easily, making the 
time in 1:424. 

—On Tuesday, August 18th, the fifth day's attendance at 
Saratoga was large, and the track in excellent order. The 
first nice was a sweepstakes for three year olds, $100 en- 
trance, h. f., with $700 added. Distance, two miles. Pi- 
colu was wiilu'rawn, aud Grinstcad was put in the race. 
The horses got off well together. On the last mile Planter 
and Griustead ran side by side, two lengths ahead of Van- 
ilalitc and Culpepper, who were running neck aud neck. 
The race was won by Culpepper by half a length, Planter 
second, four lengths ahead of Grinstead, and Vandalite 
last. A complaint of foul riding was entered by Planter's 
rider against Culpepper's jockey, Gaffuey, but the judges 
decided in favor of Culpepper; time, 3:04i. The second 
race was a dash of one mile— Aristides was first, Amelia 
second, and Hoi brook third; time, 1:46^. The third race 
was a dash of one mile and a half — Carver came in first, 
and London second; time, 2:40. 

—The Rochester Democrat thus describes the unparalleled 
performance of Goldsmith Maid's second heat at her race 
against lime, and open to all, which took place at Roches- 
ter on August 121 Ii:— 

Second Ileal.— The Maid being barred from the pools, 
Fullerton slill sold as favorite S10U to $75 for the field or 
American Girl. They got the word without any delay, 
anil in ihe first dozen strides she secured a decided lead. 
The wind, which had been blowing quite fresh, went down, 
and it was evident that this was the heat iu which the Maid 
was to beat her record, if she did it at all. At the quarter, 
passed in 33i, the Maid was first by four lengths, and Ful- 
lerlon second by as wide a gap. The positions did uot 
change save Iba't the Maid, going like a ghost, left the 
others further and further in spile of their best, efforts. 
The balf was made in 1.-06J, and the third quarter in 
1 :40f. The little Maid never left her feet even for an in- 
stant, and. going at apace never before seen in any race, 
u wiieT in2:14f— the fastest on record, beating 
her Buffalo timo by three fourths of a second. Doble used 
the whip on the backstretch, and again on the last quarter, 
but the Maid never skipped. Fullerton beat the Girl by 
two lengths. The moment the heat was ended the crowd 
began to cheer Many in that vast crowd bad stopwatches, 



and were already aware that the heat was the fastest on 
record. Cheer after cheer went up as the Maid was brought 
up to the stand aud taken from her sulky, and when the 
time was announced from the stand the shout of approval 
and cheer of delitrht were the wildest Bver heard on a 
racetrack. Budd" Doble was called upon the staud and 
congratulated by the judges, while the throng : I] 
little favorite with their eyes till she disappeared from 
view. 

—The Earl Park Association will hold their fifth annual 
meeting on their grounds at Earlville, La Salle county, 
Illinois, on August 35th and the three following day's. 
Premiums to the amount of $5,000 will be run and trotted 
for. 

— The Dtica Park Association last week held perhaps the 
most successful meeting they ever had. President Wright's 
reception was given on Ihe" 13l.ii at the L'tiea clubhouse. 
The immense number of friends of the association were 
cordially welcomed by the genial President, and Gilmore's 
hand discoursed many charming pieces during the evening. 
On Wednesday, August 12th, the puree i if $5,000 for horses 
that had never beaten 2:29 was trotted. Flcetv Golddust 
won the three hist heats in 2:27:. 2:2'.;, 2:27. In the purse 
of £1,51)0, for horses of the 2:45 class, Magnolia won the 
Hi m::: and WellesbyBoy the three last treats and race» 
lime— 2:32, 3:29, 3:8% Ou August 14lh Kansas Chief 
took the first money in the race for the 2:30 class. Stewart 
Maloney second, Kittie Wells third; lime— 2:25, 2:24s}, 
2:26. In the pacing race there were four entries and three 
starters for an extra purse of $1,000. GORpel bottom won 
in three straight heats— 2:28, 2:3k, 

—The Hampden Park races commenced at Springiield, 
Mass., on August 18th, and will continue to the 31st. The 
famous trotters Goldsmith Maid, Judge Fullerton, Ameri- 
can Girl, Henrv, Lulu, Smuttgler, Fieely Golddu-i. ih-d 
Cloud. Crown Prince, and others (in all about one hundred}, 
are now ou the grounds. In former years the meetings 
have been very successful, m> much so that the premiums 
offered at this" meeting amount to $50,000. 

—Tin- August meeting al Beacon Park closed on August 
17th. The 2:43 race, postponed from Saturday, was con- 
cluded and won by Lady Wilcox in 2:37. In the 2;29 class 
Lady Mac was the favorite and winner. In the rare free 
for all Commonwealth was the favorite, but was beaten by 
the bay gelding Comee. 



J|eu/ publications. 

■ 

-I -he paper, Kill receive tperi- ■■■ Ipt oral! 

',■■,:;■ ./.'!,-/■ i 'i< ,,..-i ;-'r. ',„j. i- /iV"«.< ifillue. iiriimii'lji a-kiMwlertyeit 
in Ihe iie>:t i-.u.. P;',!t.<l<*rf will •:iwi~i.r .i '",;/■<»■ /„/ y.rompily advising 
ii* of liny nrnwhrn w Has resfHCt. 1'nat of booh inserted when 
desiredA 

Tin. Lobster Fiehtses ExtraoUs from the General He- 

uori (if Mr Whltctier, forwarded tn the Miniate? of Marino uud Fiah- 

akes. 1878. OUa 

v, • pattfcnUrlY recommend this most interesting pamphlet to the m 
tcntion of our Eastern legislators. Compiled in Mr. Whltcher'B most 
ivv.i ni.il i -un. is-.- stvii- it shows how necessary it isto pot hihiio rhuck 



of : 



e slant; 



were fnrty lobster factories, i 
enormous amount of SO.OGO 
turned out lii'Ue" tonaaj ea 
waa 81. 214." W, and SI2O,0O0 
or some timely nrecBuUon 
Provincial (Government to 
la-t . Tliis regulation prohil 
females" iu apawn. or any of 
February, 1874. certain petit: 
Brunswick begging that the 
be rescinded. Onepolirt at 
their shores ami in the (tttor 
catch did 



mil 
ur, there 
ntj-i.mr. The 
canght, whicb 
)f this, in 1873, 
STf. Tlii-liwil 
i:ry induced the 
inbjeci in -Inly 
■c lobitera and 



■titions were sent in from Nova Scotia and New 
be regnfattOM regarding lobster dishing sboold 
: :■>■ ib,: lobster enmen was, ihat on 
total nt the United States the averaged the 
tweisb more than H poundd. To discover the truth of this 
id it is wonderful to find how the size and weight of the lob- 
ster Heeined to decrease in exact proportion with the number of Dunning 
fKcWrleS. Where ibej were not caught lobstera Wonld » 
pounds, and were the factories move In i|iianiity, the lobsters HfOUld di- 
minish to even under the prescribed weieht. For instance: In New 
Brunswick, at Westmoreland, Albert, andSt. John, where lobsters were 
not canaht. for tanner.-, the lobsters neighed four pounds; but in Nova 
Scotia, "at Ciriiysbiirnugli, where there were eight factories, lobsters 
barely weighed.!* pound.-. A very Interesting letter from Profeaaor 
Kaird. perliue.nl m ihe une'tlon, may be found in the report, in which 
he advocutes, not only restriction as to size of lobsters, but that there 
suonld be a close period during tin: spawning season. We are pleased 
to notice Uiai the .Minister of Marine and Fisheries has made the follow- 
ing regulations in regard to the lotBicr catch: TAat during July and An- 
gnat no person In the Provinces shall raich, kill. buy. sull, or have in 
his possession sort shell lobsters, or reiuak lobsters with eggs attached; 
nor shall Tobstere of 1.— Bl»e than nine inches in length from bead to 
iial. exclusive of fe-.iei-. be bought, sold, or caught: and that lobsters of 
that sbje, or less in -ke when caught, s-lml! be liberated 

[We regret to state thai, m our o.vn in:,il;.-ts baby lobsters are con- 
stantly on sale. Ir would be easy enough to Und where tlic-y come rrooi. 
Will some of our Boston friends look into the matter:-Ki>.J 

Maritime Monthly. A Jltura/.ine of Literature, Science aud 

Art si. J dm. N. II. II . L. Spencer, editor: The Maritime .Monthly 

Clu'b, Publishers. 

The August number of this excellent magazine is on our table, with a 
most. interesting table of contents, its leading articles comprise 'The 
Polaris ExDoditiou" by Rev. M. Harvey; "The Valley and Biver Platte" 
by Geo. J. Forbes; " What was Her Fate!" a romance; "A Ran through 
Italy" by James Whitman; 'Mosiah Garth," continued; "Travels and 
Adventures in the Smith. - ' by J Xeivtuu Wilson; "Scraplano," and sev- 
eral poetical contributions. This periodical has strong claims on the 

-,-.,. V .".'I -,!.... ' . 1 .- 



— Commodore J. C Bennett gave a beautiful gold-lined 
cup, which was sll0t f,: " " l pig e()ns by members of Ihe New 
Yorlc Vaeht Club and their guests on the grounds of the 
Aarrairaiisetl Gun Club, about four miles from Newport, 
R. 1., Aiii.'. 13. It was a handicap, shot iu the English 
style— five traps, placed five yards apart, SO yards bound- 
ary. There were twenty-seven competitors, and the win- 
ner whs Sobuylei Orosby, who killed ten out, of eleven birds 
shot at- J . 0. Van Buren won second money, and S. B. 
Posr saved his stake. Referee, B. M. Xeal; scorer, R For- 
sytb 

—Captain Bo.gaidus states in answer to "Ortolan" Bod 
Others as regards to his challenge, that he will furnish the 
trap, the other party to provide the pigeons afld 
. litem 



FOREST AND STREAM. 



29 



jKaHoml §f;i$fimes. 

SecrHiaria and frwji'lf ol' A/liMh: HiVf-Snn, 
I :.■ ;./,'!/ wnillhelr 
amlrUmtinnr vol later than Monday in each week. 

—The London Rw! in it? column report of 
the base ball match at Lords, played Au- 
gust 3, in speaking of the temperate habits 
of the American players, says: "The two 
nines were fine athletic, men. As with our 
cricketers, out-door; exercise seemed, to have 
conduced to vigor and health; but, as is un- 
fortunately too often not the case with our 
cricketers, they all were men who led an ab- 
stemious and moderate life." 

Lng of the fielding of flic base ball 
players, the notice in the Tost, says: " The 
admirable part of the play bid nil through 
bean the fielding. Nothing hit up in the 
air escaped. The accuracy of the catching 
would Lave rejoiced the heart Of old Clark, 
and made many a slow bowler envious of 
the pairs of bands. But the accuracy and 
skill of the catching was surpassed by the 
wonderful precision" of throwing. A mo- 
ment to look, a moment to get the proper 
equilibrium, and then the ball is hurled, 
' sharp and low,' quit$ straight to the base- 
men's hands. No fumbling, no half- volleys, 
no wide throws. So accurate was it that 
the exclamation of many a cricketer pre- 
sent was— ■: With such throwing wbo would 
not be a wicket-keeper." 

— Of the lessons taucht Emrlish cricket- 
ers by base ball, he says: "Tic lessons 
taught were, as we suspected first, the im- 
mense advantage of cultivating fielding. 
Could English cricketers throw and field as 
the Americans did we should see much less 
of mammoth scores, and matches would be 
far more interesting. Secondly, the ad- 
vantage of losing no time. If the outside 
took The field with half the alacrity shown 
by the Americans during base ball, or when 
the time came for them to resume cricket 
when the base ball was done, far fewer 
matches would be drawn, and far more men 
would tie able to play. Lastly, the necessity 
of playing for the side. A man's hits tell 
in his own favor when the record is kept, 
but rhev help his colleagues as much as him- 
self. In his fielding, too, be constantly 
keeps in mind the necessity of enabling 
others to distinguish themselves, and be 
knows that his own unaided efforts are use- 
less unless he is well backed up. A man, 
for instance, who bas caught a catch when 
a player is on base, hurls the ball at once to 
the baseman in hopes of getting two birds 
as it were with one stone. All the players 
play for the side, and not for themselves. 
Individual prowess is merged in united suc- 
cess, and every one cares more for bis fel- 
lows than himself. There can be no fear 
that cricket will be ousted by base ball. It 
has more variety and more phases. It is 
both harder wort and greater idleness. But 
many men could find time for base ball who 
have no time for cricket, and in bringing 
under the notice of Englishmen a game 
which has so many good points and the 
great advantage of "being playable in three 
hours, they have conferred on us a benefit 
for which "our thanks are due.'' 

The same paper in speaking of the "new 
Ajrierican game," in another place, says: 
" Base ball is an American modification, 
and, of course, an improvement of the old 
Enarlish game of rounders; or, as it is 
called in West Biding, touch-ball. The 
children in these districts play it without a 
bat. or club; they strike the ball with the 
open hand, and have posts or stones at the 
comers of the playground, which corres- 
pond to the 'bases' of the American game. 
If the ball was caught before it reached the 
ground, or the fielder could hit the striker 
with it before he reached the 'touch,' he 
was out." 

This shows how absurd it is to compare 
rounders with our manly game. 

Th«i victories scored by the two clubs now 
in Euglaud in their games with each other, 
arc as follows:— 

ATHLETIC VICTORIES. 

Jnly80, Athletic vs. Boston, at Liverpool.. ...U 11 

Aug 1 \tbleti< vs. Boston, at .Manchester ...13 12 

Ave- 7, Ath'.c- -.•;.' London 15 :l 

Aug 8, Athletic v«. Boston, :u Richmond 11 a 

Aug. 11. Athletic v-. Boston, at Crystal Palace.19 8 

Tosal & :s; 

1JOSTOS VICToKIKS. 

July 81, Boston vs. Athletic, ill Liverpool ::; ', 

Aug. 3. Boston vs. Athletic, m 1 [on, '.•• 

Aup. r>. Boston vs. Athletic, at London '■ I '1 

Aug. 10, Boston vs. Athletic, hi crystal PhIiicc 11 S 
An" 18, Boston vs. Athletic, at London - - 14 ii 

Anj'lt, Bust. hi vs. Athletic, at London 11 1! 

Ant lft Boe Sheffield in 8 

Aug! IT, Boston vs. Athletic, at Sheffield ... is r. 
—The London 77».r..' report of the cricket 
match of August ;5, at Lords, first days 
play, is as follows: The game commenced 
at 12:25 by the M. C. C. sending in .Messrs. 
A. Lubbock and Courtenay to the bowling 
of Harry Wright and jIcBride, the former 
beinsr a* medium-paced round-arm bowler, 
while the latter has a fast underhand de- 
livery, with a very low pitch. The under- 
hand bowler soon disposed of two wickets, 
Courtenay and Round both trnvuig their leg- 
stumps upset, when the telegraph denoted 
two and eight respectively. Lucas then 
joined Lubbuck, and, thanks to the really 
excellent batting of the latter, the score 
was increased rapidly until the last named 
batsman had the misfortune to " play on," 
his runs all being obtained in that finished 



style which invariablycharacteri7.es his bat- 
ting — three for thirty-four. 3Ir. Bird lost 
the company of Mr. Lucas, who was easily 
caught at point — at forty-one for four wick- 
ets—and soon after Mr* V. E. Walker had 
come in luncheon took place. The meal 
having been discussed, base ball wasplayed 
until 6 o'clock. On resuming cricket' so 
freely did the batsmen hit that the bowlers 
i hanged ends at <1G up, and Mr. V. E, "Walter 
driving MeBride for two 4's from two fol- 
lowing balls, be at 58 gave way to George 
Wright. In spile of ' these changes the 
score still continued to increase rapidly, 
several short runs being loudly cheered by 
the spectators. In fact it was palpable 
that the American were quite tired out. At 
length, just before 7 o'clock, Mr. "Walker 
had his leg bail taken, he having played a 
lively inning quite bis own style: — 

ir. o. o. 

Cuurienav.il. 3IcBrirtv - - 

Lubbock! fa, H. Wright 24 

3. Round, b. JIcBride — 

A. C. Lneas. e, Schafer h, Mcl'.iide 12 

R. Bird, nor out. 

V, K Walker, h.n. Wriidii 

Bves. &c -- - 



10 

Total... 5 

—It will be seen that the twelve inclnded 
six of the gentlemen's twelve who came out 
here in 1872 together with Mr. V. B. Walker 
and the noted wicket keeper, Mr. Round, 
a member of Parliament. So the Ameri- 
cans bad a very strong team against them. 

M. C. C. 
. • Courienev h McBrlde fifF Pickering b HWricht !1 
\ Lublini-kb IT Wrtu-hl vH'F. Lubbock- h C W radii (i 
.! Hound b M-bridr-. . . a li A FiU-ilerald cHidl 
A CLhchsc. Schnfarliv Ii <i Wricin -1 

M'Bride 12 V M Hose li H Wright . 

liir.l o H'Vej bH I A, Appleby, not out... " 

Wright ljj T'.ves. !i: lee-Byes. 8; 

YE Walker bH Wright 2, wtdes, S 14 

a ''.'i ,i'i-' nr'v-i ■ V: 

tenhG Wright 0, 105 

AMERICANS. 

H Wrinht. 1) Rose 2 .T Sensenderfcr b Pick- 

.1 DM' Bride b Rose... til ering 

AGSpaldineb Apnlebv 23'T Biitten e Appleby Ii 



W Ain 



.■ Fit: 



raid 



Piekeri 



I, i .-..-,... ■! .1 M'Muibm I: Pn-kcru _• 

V. i: Burner b Pickering 5 G Hall e Round b Fick- 

G Wright b Hose ; 12 ering 

E B Sutton b Pickering 3 j IT c .--chafe 



bock b Pickering. - r, 

i:i ft P.eale- not out 1 

Byes, Bj leg-byes, 2: 

wide, 1 . 5 



W Fisher i 

a.i Leonard oKase.. 

S Wright •- A Lr.bboc 

b Anstrnrhcr 

r. A i\1'Vev li Fickeriu 
,1 iVliourke b E Lnb- 

— The Allantics were badly whipped in 
Philadelphia August 17, by 24 to 16, they 
having lost the previous game in Brooklyn 
by 11 to 10 only. 

— Mathews' sickness prevented the Mu- 
ttials from playing in Philadelphia on Thurs- 
day, August 20. 

—In a game of ball between the Harper 
Bros., nine and the Wynkoop & Hallenbeck, 
at Prospect Park last Saturday, the score, 
stood 15 to 14 in favor of the former. The 
Wynkoop & Hallenbeck nine are prepared 
to receive challenges from any nine in the 
printing or publishing business. Please 
address Habbv C. Hallenbeck, Captain, 
113 Fulton street. 

—The grand match between representa- 
tives of ten of the leading amateur clubs of 
Brooklyn and New York, which took place 
August 17th, was in every way a great suc- 
cess. Nest week we will give the full score, 
which we are now prevented from doing by 
an accident to our type. 



Our Index to Volume] n. is in type, but 
will not be ready for the mail m time for 
this issue. It will be sent next week. 



""Vlaocloiia'ss I)og"s. 



for which lie ha* refused 68 guineas, out or Star. Star 

by Cotter, own brother of General Prim. 

Handsome voting p.. i.i.-r inu-ip ibetween i' and S 
month-old. SPltEB, unbroken : price £2n. SPH1CK 
is by field trial winner Squire, out of Captain May's 
bitch. 

Voting setter bitch WOOLSACK, S months old. by 
Hanger, out of Mr. (.inrili, tj. C.'s field trial winner 
Bess, Price £35. 

NnTICL". I'ntii i-.'hi. SF.FTON will be allowed a 
few bitches of pine blood >u ?."ill each. Address, 

MOHAWK. :i: Park row. New York. 



jF^oi- Sale. 

FOX HOT, .NT) for Sale— A large, strong, running 
Doe. about four years old, color white, with black 
and tun spots, a splendid hunter, has been need for 
both Rabbits and Poxes. Price— Fifty Dollar-. Ad- 
dressGEO. E. Rbice. Muplewond, Ma—. 

Allgn-l 20— 2t. 



J. C. CONROY & CO., 

65 Fulton Street, New York. 



Fish Hooks and Fishing Tackle. 



n their 



-. and the 



Would in- 
largo stock of fli 
wants of those vi 
irondacks, Lake 

Black Bass regions. A fall stock or their unrivalled 
Fly rods for Trout and Salmon, and the famed "Mo- 
(iinnis" Pluck Bass Hod* constantly on band. 

Sine Silver Medals and the only Gold one eyer 
awarded were received by tnem for the superiority of 
their goodn, 



Prize List! 

FOREST AND STREAM 
A Weekly Journal, 

DEVOTED TO 

Out-Door Sports 

Hunting, FislllUB, Yachting. Brating, Practical Nat 
nral History, Fish Culture. Ac. Ac, 

V ft //.,- 01 • Fli-fAL OT!G.\ X<;f HU 

The Fish Gtilturists' Association 

or America. 
The Publishers orFOREST AND STREAM 

In order to stimulate the development of 

MANLY and ATHLETIC EXERCISES, 



FTStTLNG. SHOOTING. AP.CBT5BT, CHlrKF.T. 

FOOTBALL, and CROQUET, 
Offer the followiing prizes for < lew i f :] t' rmor 

Single Subscription per Annum $S 

Starting Clubs Agents, and others interested, ate 

advised that we do not. insist upon their starting with 
full clubs to secure our rates. They can send three 
or more at a time, and on forwarding the requisite 
number within 80 days will be entitled ro same premi- 
um as if all were sent together. 

CRICKET. 

For $20 00 four copies, one year, with one best 
,-|ir:n_- V;t. .-.in- . ,.'ieg.- h t em- lm:k • '•■ ■■■ ■.;. 
prices? 50. ' ■ 

For JSo 00. five copies, one year, with a complete 
cricket set; one College bat. one polished bat, Clap- 
shaw; one Dark cricket, ball; one set of 'tumps; price 
812 GO. 

FOOTBALL. 



FISHING BODS. 

For Slo 00, tarcc copies, one year, with one superior 
four joint, light rod, suitable for all kinds of fishing: 
price?? 00. 

For $60 00, twelve copies, one elegant rod: suita- 
ble for trout, black bass with fly, or for trolling bass 
or pickerel; as flue a rod as can be made; German 
silver tipped, with three tips; price $25 00. 

CROQUET. 

For §30 00, four copies, one year, with very hand- 
some set of crouiK'i : price $7 00. 

For S-5 00. live copies, one year, with superb set of 
croquet: price $10 00. 

For S30 00, six copies, one year, with the finest set 
of croquet made; price 814 00. 

REM1XGTOX RIFLE AND SHOT GEN. 

For S?5 00. fifteen copies, one year, with one Rem- 
ington Deer rifle; price $28 00. 

For $100, twenty copies, one year, with one Target 
rifle, 30-tncb octagonal barrel, to be used fur sporting, 
hunting, or target shooting; price S36 00. 

For 8100, twenty copies, one year, with one Hem- 
inston double barreled, breech-loading shot-cun. 
one of the best Rims ever offered to American 
sportsmen; price $45 00. 

8HARPE RIFLE. 



WARD-DIRTON RIFLE. 



For 380 b0. four copies.oue year. with one American 
single barrel gun. perfectly -ale, blue barrels, walnut: 
price 310 00. ' 

can double jpin, handy and reliable gnaeverj way! 

For $50 00, ten copies, one year, with one double 

bo'vs: price J-.Vi no. 

For $75 00, fifteen copies, one vear. with double 
cpin. English laminated steel barrels, handsome fin- 
ish: price $45 00. 

. S2 PR Klfl IMS. 

To those who 
25 per cent, will 
wards. 

^^"Every article is or the finest qnalltv and will be 
sent free of 



JgJiscelkmcous. 



Remitting .Money Checks on New York City 

banks and bankers are best for large sums; make par- 
able to the order of FOIIEST AMI S'tKKA.M Pi Iil.lMIINU 
CiOir-ANV. 108 Pl-l.TON M-IiKKT, NEW V,.,:,.. PoSl 

Olllce Money Orders for S5U or less are cheap and safe 
When thc-c 



ailis 



» for post 



i -Ijf 



inev' and seal the letter in the presence of the p 
master, and take his receipt for it. 

Send the names with the money a* fas: as obtained, 
that subscribers may get the paper at once. 

Forest and Stream Publishing Company, 

1? CHATHAM STREET. N. Y.J 

Post Ofpiok Box 2889, 



FT^OIJLITXA.. 




I LLUSTRA.TINQ Till: SCKN"ERY OF 

.1. the Eael and Wbsl coast and interior of Florida. 

'■'lorida. and Cedar 'iv'vsi the terminus 
of the Florida Railroad on Hi- \V,"-*i roa<d : \"ew 
Uoaqnito Lagoon 



the ll!ri:est 
minolc In 

nil 111" pe 



ai,(l Indi;i 


.1 -:: .f. 
bike in lb 
.ban,; ,!. 
, uliar sen 




N. Y. Safety Steam Power Co; 

Office: 30 COUHTLANDT ST. 

BTJILDEEB OF 



STEAM ENGINES AND BOILERS 




Steam Launches & Yachts 

And their Machinery a Special ty, also Machinery for 
TUGS, LIGHTERS AND STEAMERS: 

PropoUer Wheels of Superior Efficiency. 

SEHD FOR ILLUSTRATED OrRCTJLAE. 

l&T Ml on- boats ore roaranteed copses mspee. 



tioi 



ircl. 



FOR BOTTOMS OF T AC FITS, BOATS. 
A-c-CEYLON PLUMBAGO, OR BLACK LEAD 
—perfectly pure, prepared exnressly for above use. 
Orders by mail will receive iinmmi attention. New 
York Black Lead Works, ^To. IT8 Forsyth St. jlv93m 



A. D. WAGNER, 

PURCHASING AGENT 

FOR 

Sportsmen's Goods, &e., 

23 Murray Street, N. Y. 
Rfeerence, Proprietors Forkst asp Stream. 



HASTINGS, 

MAKTJFACTUMNG 

STATIONERS, 

Printers, Lithographers, 

40 FULTON STREET, 
Corner of Pearl Street. XfftT YORK 

ORDEttS BY MATL WTLL RBQBIYK PP.OJfPT 
ATTENTION. 



DOGS FOR SALE.»-^a T ^ 

olfltTelt of stock HICH.ABD VALE 



HO U Nil PUT'S 




Ourex Sore Tlvroat, Brmichitw, Neuralgia, 

Pneumonia, Whoopinn Cough, Bheu- ' 

mutism, OUUilains, Strains, d-e. 

A SPECIFIC FOR BITES OF IVSECTS. 

The Deobstruent allays Inflammation, removes the 

obstrticiions. reopens and stimnlates the circulation 



"VTai-cl. Russell ,& Co.. 

28 and 30 Pultos St., N. T 

"TXT ANTED.— Some good seeond hand 

V V copies of "Shot Gun and Lportintr KiHe," by 
Stonehenge. Address P., Fokebt anh Stream, stat- 
ing price and condition of bonk 



30 



FOREST AND STREAM. 



<$uidc for the Rummer j^ourisf. 



Collingwood and Lake Superior. 

Till; KOl'K POWERFUL FIRST CLASS 

L SIDE-WHEEL TPPEI; CABIN" STEAM EPS 
Chirora. Frai-r* Smith. (' nnhjUio'l and Alnn- 
iiw. viiiiiiin.- iu connection, with the Northern Kail- 
wi.v of t '.iii:«l:i. have Collingwood every Tuesday 
and Frid.iv. calling at Owen Sound. Brnet'« Mine?, 
Sauli St,..' Mmi,.. Muhipi.olon. Neepigon, Silver 
■ Miner's Landing, and Dublin. Direct 

Fori Garry and the Red RiTfir Country. 



i.ril.- ; 



ich n 



(•la- 



the season. State rooms had at Toronto, 

CHAS. PEKKY.fr.; King st.. Toronto. 
D. MILLOY, s Front St.. Toronto. 
COOK, SON ,v JENKINS. Ag "is. -'til Uroadwav. 
ADAM HOLPII. Gcn"l Agent. Torunto. 



/Mil? 



11/ 

Escape the Summer Heat— (Jo to Colorado. 

Splendid Hunting and Fishing! 

Good hotels and charming Summer Resorts. Health- 
reetoTlng mineral waters, and a salubrious. invigor- 
ating climate . Thousands are going to Colorado this 
season, to enjoy the luxuries of Nature amid the 

Beautiful Parks of the Rocky Mountains. 

For cheap rates and particular information address 
E. A. FORD, 
General Passenger Agent. -15 South Fourth Street, St. 
Louis, Mo., and he wilt cheerfully and promptly tell 
yotiuUa.lionl.it. ' jnly9 

The Stonington Line 

BETWEEN ' 

NEWYORK& BOSTON. 

The Only Inside Route, via Providence. 

THK NH W AND ELEGANT STEAMERS 
XSJhtocle Island, Oapt. Wm. M. Jones, 
Marragansett, Capt. Ray Allen, 
s-itoiiiiig-toii, Capt. Jesse Mott, 
FORM THE FWMST FLEET OF SO END 
STEAM EL'S LEAVLNGNEW TORE. 



M a Trip Missedjn Six Years ! 

Dai I v f com Pier 33 N . R., foot Jay st. 
AT 5 F. M. 



SPECIAL NOTICE.— Srft^^n^ S'^SWfe 

ISI.\NI> " 'nil onandafc JUNE SJSJa, leave Pier 30 
SnrtURtver, too; Chambers, street, at 13 o'clock, 
noon, and Pier foot SS3 -tree:. East River. 1 P. M., ar- 
rivin" in Boston the same evening, affording paseen- 

Long Island Sound by Daylight. 

UEIVKNING -Trail, leaves Boston at 8 P. M., 
.•oiiii. ciing with the liHODE ISLAND at Stonington 
at 111 ■)."> P. M., and arriving in New York at ti A. M 

EXCURSION TICKETS to Stonington and back, 
►ame trip. M. L. W. FILIilNS. 

i i.-ueral Passenger Agent, Pier 33 North River. 



Fishing andHunting 

Reduction-Only $13. 

Boston to Moosehead Lake and Return. 

Kead the Folio wing, for- the 

Best Fishing and Hunting 
RESORTS. • 



I, Eastern ]{. P.. liro.ik Trout. 

:i:. \. M. and 3:1.-. P. M. 
"ariutngton, Me. /Largest 
Grl'r'k to Bethel. Me. V Brook 

iodmoc. ! Trout. 

i. Dexter. Me.. Lake and Brook 

' Land lot ked Salmon. 
riiuf Edward Island and Nova 
roul and Krook Troni. 
h:i:, A. M. and i'.r.'u P. M 



For maps. fan-, tallies. A-.c. address or call at 13 
vVu-hincion. sheet, Boston. Mass. 

Eastern and Maine Central R.R. Line. 



Long Branch and Philadelphia, 

Via New Jersey So. Railroad, 

COMMENCING MONDAY, JULY 27, 187* 

I re New York from Pier 8. N. R., foot of Rector st. 

7:00 u. m.— For Long Branch, Seabright, and lligh- 

":45n. in. -For Philadelphia. Long Branch, "Waie- 

nmai Tucki'i'lon and I'.ndgetou. 

1 :40 p. in. for Philadelphia Long Branch, Waietown 
luid'TncWtoo, „ _ 

a-.46p.mi- Pool iltt. st., N. R. C For |,„ n „ Han , rl ,^ 



Sundv Uoo 

The steamers KIVEP, I 
leaving NewYOTK at . a 4 
afford delightful excursiu 
down the Buv to Sandy E 
at !0:CO a. in 18:60 laodf 
York to Sandy Hook and 
, P M-pFcnDEN, 



Philadelphia 
"Exeursio 



' W.S. SWEDEN, 



jun°5 



fluids for the 3,ttnjmer j^ourist. 
STEW SUMMER RESORT. 



Cheap Excursions. 

Toronto to the Lakes of Muskoka. 

O&ily Line. 

The Steamers Nipissing" and Wenonnh, 



The Northern Rail-way of Canada, 



Pare only jfflO — Tickets Good to Return in a Month. 

Tickets and full information to lie had at the North- 

.'i ii llaihmy o'lic.-., audi Ageer'..-". 

A. P. COCKBUBN, 
j!y23m P. O. Toronto and Oravenhurst. 



CTEAJ1EBS TO 

Eastern Maine, New Brunswick, 

Nora Scotia, Prince Edward Island, &c. 
THE 

International Steamship 

Company's Steamers 

New York and City of Portland. 

will until October 1st leave boston at 3 a. m., and 
Portland at ii p. m. everv Monday. Wednesday and 
Friday for Eastport, Maine, and S't. John, N, ii., for 

"laiii"'^'''^^^^^, 1 i l' I I 1 

Amherst, Truro. Picton. Ili»:--- . Annapolis, KentviUe, 
Windsor and Halifax N. S., s. ■nun. -.-id,- and Char 
lottctown, P. E. I., and Hawkesburg. C 13. This is 

A most Desirable Boute for Sportsmen, 

presenting a convenient ana pleasant mode of access 
to the famous hunting and fishing grounds of the 
Eastern regions, at very moderate rates of fare. For 
circular, with map and description of the route apply 
to W. W. KILBY, Agent, 

july23m Commercial Wharf: Boston. 



SANFQRD'S INDEPENDENT LINE. 



ports ; andatBlicksport on ear' 
withsta.'.-es for Sedgwick. Bin.- 
rylicld, llainngM.n and Ciilai-. 
will be in readiness to takepa-.- 
croft, Jloosehcad Lake, and 
Staves, leave Bangor every mor 
towns. A first-class sailing pa, 
Cusiiiietin the arrival of each la. 
engaged prior to days of sailin; 



July 93m 



WM. B. HASELTINE. Agent, 
No. 13 Foster's Wharf, Boston. 



$e$ortz for fyortSmen. 



WILLIAMSON HOUSE. LACKAWAXEN. 
'» CO.. Pa.— rebuilt and ju-t opened for tin 
tncr. Located on the Delaware river, in the nl 
charming scenerv, deer bnnrigg. trout, bast 
trout and pickerel. The house is new. clean an 
modions. Board $S per week. Wagons and Ca 

"j lily" 16 J OHN S. WTLLTATVrSQN. J 



Rossin House, Toronto, Canada. 

SHEARS & SON, Proprietors. 

Tins, liniwe is a ;'a v... j-ioj v.;-. u'l. lor g.-n l.'nioi apoi l,-- 
ir.en from all parts o f the L'n i led S tat, sjnid Canada. 



ixperienced guides farnisiied to spoi l ine par: i--^ ai 
easonaWe rates. P. O. address, i ailion, St. Law- 
en ceCo.,N. Y. 

INTERNATIONAL HOTEL. 
NIAUAitA FALLS. NEW YOKE 
J. I. Fl'LTON. dr.. Proprietor. 
Special rates lo Boarders. •ei;6m 



WANTED-IN A PLEASANT LOCALITY, ONE 
»» mile from Greenwood Lake and three hour.-, 
t'romN. Y., a lew lamihe- to l.o.ud. panic price.-. .1 
B. WILSON. WestMiiford. Passaic county, N. J. 



Foxci'oit Exchange, 

Foxcroft and Dover Village, Me. 

IS NOW OPEN for permanent and transient hoard- 
I a-.. The n.niso in new, and is in one of the most 



The Crossmon House, 

ALEXANDRIA BAY, N. T. 

0. CKOSSMON & SON, PKOIUUETORS. 

fFUlS HOUSE. RECENTLY REBUILT AND ELE- 



tW«M. pkhhauyci Agent. tienural Muua^oia 



untiiig and fish- 

Iteamcra for the 

e Kouie, \\ : ater 

juyll 



HO FR0GSSJSS:N0 HORSE. 

How to Shoe Horses. 

IN THE BEST AND CHEAPEST MANNER. 

How to Cure all Foot Ailments. 

RATIONAL HORSE-SHOETNfi. Price One Dollar 
UooDt.NoL'oH House Shob. M iHiiabeth Street, N Y. 



MISFIT CARPETS. 

r* OOBSECOND HAM) AND MISFIT CARPETS, KICK Patterns, Verv Cheap, at the 

YJT Otn Pl.-NCE. Vlg r ■ETON S TREE T, heiwve.i Willi-mijiiid Njj -»a. -si.-in mo, ■ ,„, 1 laid free !.r charge. 



hotels. 



XJIVIOaX PLACE HOTEL, 
EUROPEAN PLAN. 

THOS. EYAN & SON, 

BROADWAY. COR. FOURTEENTH STREET. 



East End Hotel, 

LONG BRANCH, N. J., 

L. B. smixh & Co., Lessee; 

Rates, S3 BO to $3 00 per day, including Board and 
Room >p':ch'f o.f(>:<i! r <ou /)<tld in Kxrnrtio)n*tx . 
REGULAR DINNER. $1. THERE IS ALSO a 

rSTiee LimoU Room, 

atlnched to the establishment. June SSSm 



Laird's Mansion House, 

LONG BRANCH. 
WM. L. McINTIRE. Proprietor 

MANY IMPROVEjIENTS HAVE BEEN ADT'ET): 
New Parlors. ^, v Piazzas, Reading Rooms, etc 



Terras reasonable. 



Central Hotel, 

LONG BRANCH, N. J., 



for the FALL AND SPRING. Kooms Uiommildij 
healed. Address H. c. -Ill H".\1 A E ER, Projir..' 
iungr.3m East Long Brunch P. 0., N. J. 



(^lathing and <fgurnishiug (fioorf;,. 




For a first-class IDx-ess or 

i the manufacturer, 




Ordnance Lands Sale, 

TORONTO. 



PU15L10 NOTICE.- 
DAY the Sth day 
will la -old at Toronti 









.living -•all 
.if the shores 
v Of the De- 






Lessees to accept tiniiiidaries and ipiantities as 

Bj Order, 

E. A. JIKP.EDITH, 
Deputy of the Minister or The Interior. 
WILLIAM F. COFFIN, 

Commissioner of Ordnance 

and Adeem! '. lauai.- 

Ollawa, lal Augnst, 187- 



GUIDE 

TO Moosehead Lake, 

ANT! 

Nortuerii Maine, with Ittap. 

Price $1 00. For sole as follows: 
NEW YORK— Andrew Clerk .V Co. is 'daiiien Lane. 
PHILADELPHIA— ,1 o hn Eritli-r, Co. id and Walnut. 
BOSTON— Bradford iS; Anthony, lKli Washington. 




§hihdet i! bm. 




Breech and Muzzle Loading 

SHOT GUNS, 

Fishing and Sporting Tackle of every description. 
Also, the new- improved Parlor or Cilery Rifles. Pis- 
tols and Taraetr Apr. inly 



FISHING TACKLE, 

In all its variety forBIiooE. RIVER and SEA lishing. 

A B. SHIPLEY & SON, 

-.OS COMMERCE STREET. I'lIU.ADELPUIA, 

Offer to the trade a iarg,- a--...ii ti.eiit, compnemg 

FI\E FI.V vWllAriM ii()l)S 

of Iron. Lance and Green heart Woods. Rent and 
Ghu-d Rami Ifod moiiniinra "I the very fineat 

ARTIEICIAL TROUT AND BASS PLIES 
and Heels of the finest ipialily. Lines of even kind. 
Gut and Gilt i., a.l, -is. M-,, >,,:e a-rents for the l-ele- 
hrated.r011N.IA.\!l>A si >Ns N, ,,|l.-. and l-idihoohs. 
A large lot always on hand of Southern c«uo and se- 
lected Calcutta Bainhoo Poleit. *-6m 

SPORTSMENS' DEPOT. 

4 0H]S T ERIDEB, 

tinnier Seeoinl nud Walnut Bkr., Philadelpnln. 

LMPORTER. MAXEFACTL'REE and DEALER IN 

Gnus, Kiiles, Pistols. and Fishiiiu Tuekle 
of all Kinds. 

I!e",\:p.-:,il«pii.-tsm.:u:iii<l dealers in hi,- line lo 
exduillie hi? muck of Flies ai a SpUi ed Ba oo Rods. 

■ ' ' ' la.iinin. \\ c iiinke Eli: f of 

la fnll •i-Muiment of Rods. 
i ii,.., ks. salmon Flies. 

Waterproof Silk Line.". Silk and Hair Trout Lines. ,vc. 
Perch Silunil-. lie. Mid i.r.-i.— Lin. s. Also, a large 
' ■<:«.• I- ■ .... .,,.„,. -l-lv' 



Shot and Bar Lead 

MLaiixii si < ;t 1 1 re i% 

lEstaljli-ai. : IB 
Office, No. 131 Walnut Si net, 

Phila.doIp]iia, Pa.. 



EW. TAXIS, .v.'VAhTUM MANUFACTURER 
• and dealer in GOLD Ids 11. AOI ATIC PL-\XTS 
FISH GLOBES. Ac tin Noiih Sixth street, Phlla- 

l, . l-',.ir,. 'I ,.l ,,r. i ,„,.,,■ „,,.„di.,i „, 



Orange Sporting Powder. 



•Idle 



', pa 



lb. i 




.. . ./net" of line 
hreechdoadiug gun-, giving great penetration with 
very slight recoil. 

ORANGE DUdlUM} l'OWOEK, 

For water fowl. Very strong and clean Nob.! to 
laetal kegs 01 UJ lbs. each, and in cauls 

m AtJWfilW POWDER, 

Verv quick Forwoodeock aud quail'lNus. 1 to J. 
Packed iu metal kegs of Eli Mis. and ti± lbs., and In 
pound canisters. 

ORAXUE PIPLE POWBEK, 

Tli,- h,- = i I', i ml..-- aai. It.r ..II ordinary purpo-.-s 

s-i.-.e- 1' l. l-'E a I- C F g. ill,- ii-i 1 1 1 - i - - liliestalld 

llK.-t u-.-d. Packed ill V. oijil and metal keg- ot sr, 

lb-. Vii lbs., and nj- lbs., and in canisters of lib. autt 

.id I 'the 'i dove give high velocities mjfi lef,s resid- 
niim than any other brands made. 

LAFLIfi & RAND POWDER Co., 

21 Park Row, N. Y. 

(OPI-OSITK AST OItVlOltSE. ) 

EsTAlll.tsnEIi IN 1S3S. 

Pritchard Brothers, 

No. 94 Fulton St., N. Y. 

ALL El N DS OF 

Fishing Tackle 

Made and repaired with the utmos, despatch. 

THE BEST SELBt TIO.V OF TROUT AND SAL- 
MON RODS, HEELS. LINES AND FLIES. 

Medals awarded a.i tin- World's Pair and American 
Institute for our superior Artificial Flies. 4 — 



JAMES RATOLIFFE, 

Rochester, New York, 

Manufacturer of Flies. 

Of all descnplioiis. Trout and Bass Flies, suitable 

for (he am.T: of Northern New Vork and Peirasyl- 

i,;: leciutty. Drdera soli, ited aud will receive 



W. f-J. JB-AJRIVTJIVX, 

Syracuse, N. Y. 

Unns, Uevolvers, Fishing Tackle, Base- 

Ball Suinilies. i-c, &C 

i -barrel, eentrel lire, breeeh-loadfi.^ gnj] 
id&easftBjMO. 
IdVEVtV GUN WARRANTED. 

jvmmuuition of the very bast quality u specialty. 



FOREST AND STREAM. 



31 



Monton. 



W. & C. SCOTT & SONS 




Breech Loaders. 

WI.WERSOFTHE GUN TRIAL OF 1873. 
Scott's Illustrated Book m Ifreerh-loaders. 25 cents 
>,y nini!. Report of Gun Trial sent on application. 

AGENTS: 

WM. READ & SONS, 

1 irS Faneuil Hall Sq .Boston. 

Al-,. all .ii her iiialas, Greener. Wesrlev Richards, 
vVeblci li./in. r,-r ,-,,,. We-mn, A'..-., 

A .'.iiiiiiii.- I.t-iiuen. .1 Sto Mi.', T ;i..ier, with im- 
plements, at $60. 

Busw>y*s Gyro Pigeon Trap, with 100 birds for 

i ' lunellee. 

Pine Bronae V.ieln Inns ox Bjuhogany carriages 
Complete, us furnished the N.;\v York acid Bosion 
V.i, i >, neutrons. SEND FOR CIRCULARS. 



BRADFORD & ANTHONY, 

1 86 Washington St., Boston. 

IMPORTERS, MANUFACTtJTtEKB & DEALKKR IK' 

l^is^liijao- Tackle, 
l^isliing- Uxxiss^ 
J^i^li Hooks, 

AND 

ANGLING IMPLEMENTS. 



CAMPING AND MINING 




STOVE. 

Weighing only 25 pounds, very durable, will cook 

for in persons, audi- cs.jeciallv adapted for camping 
purple-- '.file ware consists of S qt. Kettle. 6 u:. 
T , i-,.-,il.\ 3 qt Coif Pot, Krv Pan. round Tin Pan, 
: square Pans. Dipper. Gridiron. Tern Collar, 8 ft, 
funnel and an Oven that will roast If pounds beef.; 
Outside dimensions, packed, 12x12x20 inches. 




The ware is so constructed that it nests and packs 
in the o eon, and the oven and funnel pack inside the 
stove, as represented in cut 2. leaving room for pack- 
ing hall' doz. Plates, Knives, forks and Spoons and 
!, inking cups. Price complete, $13.50. 
tWXi> P. O. ORDER, OR CASHIER'S CHECK. 

POND&DUNCKLEE, 



tg^iscellatfeous. 



ESTABLISHED 1840. 

J. B. McHARG & CO., 

ROME, N. Y., 

.Split Bamboo, Lance Wood, and Ash Fly Rods, Sal- 
mon, iiaes, Trout.. Trunk and Perch Rods, with 
or without, MoHarg's Patent Reel Piat.e. Sole, 
manufacturers of MclLirg's Gold, Silver, 
ijiirass and Pearl Spuming Units of every 
ki description, and manufacturers of 

Fishing Tackle in all its Varieties, 

including all styles of Bass, Salmon and Trout Flies. 



HAVANA LOTTERY. 

Important Notice. 

For the coin iug drawings, commencing January 8th, 
we have reduced the price of tickets as follows: 

Wholes $20,* $l0,i$5,l-5$4,1 -10 $2,1-2081 

Drawings take place every seventeen days. 
We a.e prepared to till all orders. Circulars sent 
upon application. Highest price paid for Spanish 
Bank Bills, Governments. Etc. 

TAYLOR &. CO., Rankers, 
11 Wall street. New York 



Wild Animals fop Sale. 

WE ARE IN COMMUNICATION 
with parties on the North Platte who have 
Buffalo Calves and Elk now on hand, for sale, and 
can furnish to cider Antelope, or any other kind of 
wild animal found Lkore Address Pruprieloi Fan- 
*!t Mf* WtkkaM- jujy tw 



^oiitsmen's §oa ds. 

ALBERT C. KUTf^ 



H, J. PLUMB.) 

32 Park Row, New York. 

Opposite New P.O. 



(ili-taks 



.tun Dealeii in Ai.i. Kinds op 

FISHING TACKLE, GUNS, 

REVOLVERS. 

Skates and Sporting Goods. 



MANUFACTURERS OF THE 

SNEIDKR 

PATENT BKEECH-LOAPING SHOT W UN 

ALTERING 
Muzzle Loading Guns tc Breech-Loading- 

A SPECIALTY. 
WRITE FOR PARTICULARS. 

roel. 

, Md. 



Etstatolislied in lw:*^. 

J.B. Crook & Co., 



i Mancpactuiieks 



FISHING TACKLE! 

SO .Fulton St., IX. Y. 

Green Hart, Split Bamboo, Log Wood, Fly 
and Salmon, Roth, a Specialty. 



WM. S. KIMBALL & CG.'S 

PEERLESS & PLAIN 

FINE CUTCHEWING, 

- Fair 

V Cut Cavendish Smoking. 
Ask/your Dealer, or send clirecttd i 
: worksfot- a supply of PURE Tpba 



Vienna, Austria, Nov. 30, 1873. 
rs. Wm. S. Kimball b> Co. : 

Sins— A friend of mine sent mo, with « inineport 
™kid F °Wob "' 







Ewtal>lisliecl 1 843. 

Breech and Muzzle Loading 

, Is, Pistols, 

Sportsmen's Apparatus, 

Materials lor (run-Makers, Sec, 

Wholesale and Retail. Guns made to order, or re- 

ALEXANDER 1 MisGOMAS, 

j* 18 No. 51 South Calvert St., Baltimore. 



HAZARD POWDER CO., 

MANUFACTURERS OF 

Sporting, Rifle and Target 

GUNPOWDER. 

" ELECTRIC," in 1 Ih. canisters. 

•■ AMRIUCAN SPORTING." in 1 lb. cans and til lb. 
kegs. 
"DUCK SHOOTING," No. 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 grain, in 
and , r i lb. cans and BJ lb. kegs, 

" KENTUCKY RIFLE,' in 1 lb. and h lb. canisters. 

"KENT1TCKY RIFLE." FPFG and FFG and 
" SEA SHOOTING" FG in kegs of 25. 12i, and 6 J- lbs. 
and canisters of 5 lbs. 

Superior Mining and Blasting- Powder. 

The above well-known Gunpowders are supplied by 
ihe cmieitiv'saeentB in every prominent city, and in 
the various mining districts of the United Slates and 
by all dealers in Guns and Sporting materials, or 
wholesale at flu- oilice of the Company, 

WW Wall Street, New York. 

A. U. HAZARD, President, 
ThOb. ». Foi-b, Secretary. 



ngfliHceUancouK. 



ANDREW CLERK & CO. 

48 Maiden Lane N. Y., 



11I. 



FISHING T 

On hand the largest aim best 

hibitad in the United states. T 
attention to their 

TROUT, SALMON AMI BAKS HODS. 

Every variety of Salmon and Trout Flies, and Hooks 

on Gut'. Cutty Hunk an.! I'us.iue Islands Bass Lines, 

waterproof Braided silk Lines, everv size and quality of 

SILK, LINEN AND COTTON LINES, 

And every Variety and Style of 

FISH HOOKS. 

Parties fitted out, with appropriate Tackle for the 
Rock) Mountains and Pacific Coast. Canada, Maine, 
the Adirourlucks. .tc, *c. 
Split Bamboo. Trout nnil Salmon Rods and Reels 

n Specialty. 
Agents for the St. Lawrence Fishing Co. Solo Ira- 
;, iinns of YVurri],':: Ce ei.vated Drilled 
4-29 Eved Needles. 




Fishing Tackle, 



Bods, Reels, Lines, Artificial Flies, Nets, 
aits, Fish Hooks, Etc. 

Split Bamboo Fly Rods and Reels 

OF THE FINEST WORKMANSHIP. 
Tackle suitable for Maine, Adirondack, Canadian 
and other fishing. 

ARTIFICIAL FLUES DRESSED TO ORDER. 
BREECH AND MUZZLE LOADING GUNS, 
And sportsmens' goods of all kinds 

Manufactured and Imported by 

BARTON, ALEXANDER & WALLER, 

IOI & 10S DUANE ST.. (near 
Broadway) New York. 



CHAS.REICHE& BR0., 



Mocking Bird Food, &c, 

55 Chatham Street, 

3d door from N.William. NEW YORK. 

",'K LIVE TIIM 111 MUlsF PKIi.E Fin; l,l\ If 

SPECIMENS OF THE 
BEAVER, OTTER, 

BEAR, WILD CAT, 
MOOSE, ELK, 

ANTELOPE, 
AND ALL KINDS OF WILD AMERICAN ANI- 
MALS AND BIRDS. 

11-B3 HB 



H. W. C0LLENDER, 



PHELAN & COLLENDER, 




STANDARD AMERICAN 

BILLIARD TABLES, 

OFFICE AND WAREROOMS ' 

TVo. 738 BROADWAY, 

ImRXjia- & co.'s 

CHAMPAGNE, 

J H7VA l/F i .WfYALLET' FXCELLl-Sl ','<. 
ANJ> PURITY, 

A. ROCHEREAU & CO., 

Sows Aoents ifort thk Unitbd States and Canada 
No. 8 SOUTH WILLIAM STREET. 



To be had o 



10 at 



Springers, or Field Spaniels. 

T HAVE PUPS OF THIS BREED FOR 
I eale. Are lhe best, Woodcock and Ruffed Grouse 
dogs in the world. Color liver and white— perfect 
beauties, Age two months. Price, $25 Address 
M.P. M'KOdX, Franklin. Del, CQ..N, Y. 



Springers! Springers !! 

TEA V K T i 1 REE P UPS OF THE FINEST 
J_ blood, from my thoroughbred bitch, and sired by 
Paulson's imported dog ■■ Bobb." Parties desiring 
a doar Tor woodcock or arouse, and at the same time 
a spieudid retriever forduck. can now secure one that 
It will be. a pleasure toown. Price J20. 
julv 33 E. E. PHELPS, Auburn, N. Y. 



To Fish Cultuii8ts. 

T HAVE AN EXCELLENT LOCATION 

_L for fish ponds, upon a natural trout stroam, 00 
miles from Ntnv York, near town and railroad depot, 
in Pennsylvania. It if a mill-site, with fall of four- 
teen lL'Ct.'poi'fwily secure from freshets, with large 
raceway t* in perfect onler, and room for a mile or 
more of adiiii.iunal i.ioihIm at -nuilt expense. There i« a 

Tu-jo. dwelling h.'irn unci I'mir ;om-- .,t laud, 1 will -;lt 

cheap, on ea**y terms, or join a eompetent party in 
BtOCkblff the ptiHj.e U. HTEWAUT, 

Am*t-lcu/i Ayrivultari'.-t, v-lj liroad\v(4y, M, Y. 



<^$i$celfonc0it$ r 



SIM D. KEHOE, 

THE "INDIAN CLUB MAN," 

WITH 

F. GKOTE & CO., 114 East 11th St., N. Y. 

KEHOE'S INDIAN CLUBS, 

KEHOE S PATENT STI.'I K I Nil BAG. 

KEHOE'S llElik, I'MHiEDBOXINGGLOVE. 




D. 



F.CROTE&CO. 

Turners, & Dealers 
in Ivory, 

114 East 14th St., N.Y 



Billiard Balls. Cloth. Cues, &c. Ten Pm Balls and 
Pins. Ivory and Bone Checks, and all other kinds 
of Ivory Goods, 4-5(3 



Established 1847. 

LEATHER GOODS. 

KID, BUCK AND DOGSKIN GA UNTLETS. 

Buckskin Shooting- and Fishing Breeches 
and Legging-s tor Summer and Fall. 

LEATHER UNDEP.STIIP.TS AND DRAWEES. 
BUCKSKIN RIDING AND HUNTING SUITS. 
BOXING GLOVES. MOCCASINS LEATHER LIV- 
ERY BREECHES. &c„ &c, &c. 
Sktns dressed and made up as may be desired. 

C.Fielcl&Co. 

IMPORTERS and MANUFACTURERS. 

739 Broadway, TV. IT. 



J. WALLACE, 

Naturalist & Taxidermist 

EttPOKTER Of 

FOREIGN BIBB SKINS ANB ARTIFL- 

CIAL EYES, 
19 N. Will iam S treet, NewYork, 

Sportsmen! 

Your attention is called t 

GOOU-S OIL TANNED Mm 

CASTNS. the best thin 2 e,e 

wora by sportsmen. No 

injured bv wetting an 

ftryirrff— always soft an 

feet, an 

rery best o 




PATENT 


AUTOMATIC MUZZLE. 






IPrc 


m X.T. Times, June *J 
'•Mr. Bergh has a 
muzzle that he recom- 
mends, as it does not, 

dog when on his head. 
By a spring the do? 
can open his mouth to 
lihe fullest extent, and 

running out his tongue 
pant, with as much Hild- 
as though he was not. 


Va 52 ^ 






muzzled, and drink 


»>c/ 






without any difficulty, 








but it is impossible ftn 


him to bite." Tl 




hum 




Manufactured bv 


w 


■i. •'. .i iiUnv; ' I-,!-: . i 


Liberal discount 


In thtt 


trade 


62Dnanest., N. Y 



THE LAST REVISED EDITION OF 

GFur, Fin, and Feather. 
AME LAlFFbR 1874 

Of all the States nnil Caundti, besides a vast fund of 
usefui information on Hunting and Pishing. Price 
50 cents. For sale by Gunsmiths, Fishing Tackle 
dealers, and News Agents even-where. Wailed on re- 
ceipt of price by CflAHLKS 'SUYDAM, Publisher, 
kt Warreu street, N. Y. Usual discount to the trade. 



DR. VEGA ARANGO'6 

South American Antidote. 



/&$%& 



| MARK' 




INSTANTLY CURES MOSQUITO BITES 

For sale ijv all Druggists at C5 cents per vial. 

CARLE.* STKONi 15:! Water St N. Y. 
General Agents for United State:- and Canadus. 



Real English Boxing Gloves. 

imported, and the best American Giovea manufac- 
tured by SHANNON, Mil, I, Lb' & CRANE, No. 46 
Mai, ten hum', lx \. Fan ipialit.t y, i).-i sei ,,| i «... 
pair: fane,- and extra from S'l to $10. 
P, S.— Goods sent C. O. D. everywhere. 



Green & Ailing, 

TOP SNAP ACTION BREECH LOABINli 

SHOT GUNS, 

Muzzle-loaders Altered to Breech-loaders. 

Durability and shooting ipialilies good as new gniu*. 
S.ndfurPi-ictLiitl. 3 WwlMalu »t., liochestur NY 



32 



FOREST AND3STREAM. 



^parjsnwn's §aods. 



SCHUYLER, HARTLEY 

19 Maiden Lane, 20 A 22 John street, \. V. 

BREECH LOADING (tTJNS 

a SPECIALTY, 




Breech-Loading Shot Guns, 
Manufactured by the following celebrated makers : 
)lt«!<. w. & CseoTT &S09 rinnersal the tn- 
ernati lalGnn Trial 1873): P. WKBLBX & SON. 
ere " IB WES i ■ El RICHARDS, J. HOL- 
L18 & BOSS, uml other maker*. 
A full line of line 
PISTOLS AND RIFLES CONSTANTLY ON HAND. 
DIXOXS <fc H iWKSLEYSSHOOTIrVU TACKLE. 
;oofl shooting from Breech-loading Guns, 
we would recommend the nse of the 

STl'RTEVANT BRASS SHOT SHELLS, 
manufactured by the Union Metallic Cat ridgs Co., 
Bridgeport, Conn. These 'abells are the cheapest and 
re-capped with ordi- 
nary caps, without the nse of the iruple ■ ■ .. - net - 



tance 



when 



brai 




tying 



rand the chest.. 



en forces the 
bad shooting i 

in ordering o . . 

Price $7.50. 

AGENTS FOE THE 

Union Metallic Cartridge Com- 
pany's Ammunition, 

WARRANTED THE BEST IN THE MARKET. 
SEND FOR CIRCULAR. 

D. HODGMAN & CO., 

27 MAIDEN LANE, NEW YORK, 
LARGEST ASSORTMENT 



COMPRISING 

Rubber Trouting Pants, 

: liinsr Stockings, 

Camp Blankets, etc 

Complete Sporting& CampingOutf it. 

^L 652 BROADWAY, X.Y. VV 

Bridal Presents, 

WateJies, Jewehy. 

Clocks, Bronzes. 
MUSICAL BOXES AND FANCY GOODS, 

At GrealSy Reduced Prices. 

Ye J. Magnin Guedin & Co. 

Sole Aeents for the Celebrated 

JAMES NARDIN WATCH. 



ft 



0,52 BROADWAY, N. Y. 



ft 



CHICAGO 

SHOT TOWER CO., 

MAKTJE4CTTJKBB8 of 
STANDARD 

DROP AND BUCK SHOT 

BALLS AWDBAR LEAD. 

Onreim Is to mannfactnre an article of SHOT that 

■ ' ""::■" " - L1DITY. Pca- 

fecriou of POLISH, Uniformity of SIZE, and Accn- 



The Lowest Market Prices. 

E. W. BLATCHFOED. P 
C. F. GATES. Treasurer. j uu go l y 



Canaries. 

VS. LOUIS BUBE, importer at birds and rare 

■-,■.-,- Herat, that Ins 

Bret, ft - season's importation nf fir. r- 

aCa c eg, will ■.rrive Angi -; a th. 

ahiproenta daring thee mil oh to Ifn 

1875. Tobnyi Coif ft rcara. diseoilnt 

of S percent, db di i 



MEAD'S PATENTSAFETY 

EXPLOSIVE BULLET, 

METALLIC C ARTRI D Gt E S. 

Calibre— 22, 98, 38. 44. 46, 50, 4c. 

Also, BOMB-SHELLS tor 12 and i''i earige Shot Gnus. 

john P. mocjke-s Mj::,i i.u:; dealers, 

300 Broadway, New York. 
Stnd for Circular, dacribing effect on Giizxly Bean. 



Long Range, Breech Loading 

TARGET RIFLE. 





Weight, 10 Founds. 
Length of Barrel, 3+ inches. 
Calibre. 44-100 Inches. 



By a careful examination of the records (see this paper May 21st to July 30 inclusive.) it will he seen that 

■ Biflo stands over as PER CENT, ahead up to date, in the average il all i ! ■ ma i 

that have taken place this year, and winner Nine ont of Twelve FIRST Piastre. ;irei:idiiic"tlre 'R-nre 
insltou Diamond. ■• Amateur (.Till)" and " Amateur . In j ... .. re , " : ".-)_;- — "■ ■ . re, ■ ■ .. 

' ist out, for particulars 




ft r> S " 



KREMINGTON&SONS, 281&283,Broadwan,N. Y. 



31 ANTE ACTOR Y, ELTON, N. Y. 



JOSEPH C. GRUBB &C0..7 1 2 Market St., Philadelphia 




AGENTS fOI; THE SALE OF THE 



CELEBRATED CENTRAL-FIRE BREECH-LOADING GUNS 

MADE BY 

James Purdey, No. 3141 Oxford Street, London, 



Desire to inform Dealers and Sportsmen who n ... 

itv and Power, thai they have a ^ apply of 10 and 1 
Tiiey have also in store the laisrest and finest a- 

RE1IAY & Co.. WesTI.KY RicHaKBS. \T . £ C. S(. re: 

t;;iO".-ii Ende h.tn drer-. herele.- i 1 1 . ■ a ■-- re Anreneau : 
i In- n-eeiBn-i.-eh-Lr.i-.ileri. Aire.. Bnssev'.. Paten i 
in shooting matches. iS~ SEND FOR PRICE L 



e these Guns, nnsnrpassed for Finish, Durahll- 
11 import special guns to order at short notice. 
United States nf Breech-Loaders made by E.M. 
GttEKKSB T P. WEBLEY& Son. anriother wcll- 
■n-ivc assortment of evervthna appertaining 10 
■ in! iiap, a ].. . : -i.r,--i 

jnly 23 



Hegemaris Patent Portable Folding Boat. 

jfAlso for Sportsmen, Tour- 
ists, Trappers, Exploring 
Expeditions, Parti es Cam p- 
Out, &c. &c. 



"or use as LIFE-BOATS, .pr^ 

light 

rys, on board Steamers, f " " 
Yachts and other Vessels. 



in ane-eighttl space, for irara- Above cms snow me iioat lulued anil unfolded. PJf 88 *' 
2'fOrtatiOii, and carried in a 



Shannon, Miller & Crane, 

No. 46 Maiden Lane, New York. 



MIL1TARY.THEATR] 




j. 



MAKEIIS OP 

JFlue orHy Eiigrlissli 

BREECH LOADING GUNS, 




offer advantage 
of BTNE .-re- 
the manufacture 




They therefor 




cards Fine Qua 
and workman sh 

IT'onr "*£*% 


_r powers, which 

ii 


■ 
bi M ' -•<■■' il 

etfifini 1 , e -tieel- 


- ithe ii orld 
omals.which will 
th price and de- 
re. appli Jlren to 




NEW TROLLING SPOON. 



In offcrimrthisTrolline; Bait to the public 

ictnrer feela confident he bats brought ibis 

nit to such perfection that it need- bntal 

■ a iriorlty over all oilier- for 



-ialt. 



BRANCH HOUSE, 29 Maiden Lane, 

Corner Nassau street, New York. 
Manufactory, Pioneer Works. Birmingham, England 



tl. 'Trout. Salaam Trial. Vu-ka 
foe si7.es rnadi — No. 80 forllBh under 
S pound- weight; No. ii fur tab nuiler 10 pounds, No. 
32 for very large fish. If not to he found at your fish- 
ins; tackle -lores, these Spoons will be forwarded by 
the mantif irttinrbv mad. 1'rice fl.i»i each. 

JOHN' H. MANN. Syracuse. New York 



Field, Cover and Trap Shooting. 

Bv Car.:. A. H Bogardus, Champion Wing Shot of 
America. A valuable book for all sportsm 
taming praciicnl hiutsand instructreire foi 
of the uresent day, npon gins and dogs, their use, 
&c; haunt* and habits of a'arue idrds. water fowls, 
&c. Large 13mo., cloth binding. 350 pp., 32.00. 

The Fokest a>ti Si ,J ojders and 

will furnish Captain Bogardus' book when published, 
about October itr 




intents berore the 

trior) Jlasrieine System have 
vith the merits of this ann, 
nearly fnllilling the con- 
any rSther tried by them 
r knowledge, and it does 



a the field." (See 



and shall at 

-re ei ■ 1 1 1 1 . n.i . : " 

. . die policy will re- 
quire its adoption. 
E Jived, further. 

Board with the Ward-Bin 
so impressed the Boar 
that they consider it as i 
ditions above specified 1 
ornf which they have t .... 

;nd that a number of t 

hi the plan for tnrthei 

ce Report.) 

re new rerererere revrere For there rnms, and dne 

•till he given in this paper when they ure ready 

. - oar -tene oi prices: Special Maga- 
- iar_-e game. cBrrviiie. from 3 to s carlridges, 
gr*. of powder, 350 to 400 grs. of lead. R to 10 



rjnlea» otberw{se^ ordered, will be 46-100. in. 

All comuiunication- should lie addressed to 

W. i). BURTON, 

Care Ward & Co., 54 Wall St., N. Y. 



"OAMRAPO— L.i 



dais, and les.-er ireus. 

re.llency. O! 
that around her rocky 



111 : 



Iir 



Bay of 

ie Ocean 

; the Isl- 



bound 
-corated 
; winch 



Hi 



Oil 



tell voil 

aii the variety of 
■. uud in prolific supply. 

loaded Willi tile blue llsll 
rolled tor In these water*. 

The census lately taken 



MMODORE'S 



SIGNAL BOOK 

AND 

VADE MECTIM, 

I'ONTAINING 

Cliromo Cliax*t 

Ol" ATLANTIC, PACIFIC AND COAST 
SHIP FLAGS i' ""!!.- AND NIGHT sjej- 
NVLS; CHART'S ,-,F ALL THE UNITED 

' ST\TF- V\CHT ■ LI I'. FLAOS: PR1- 

I ISTS OFOI ' YACHT 

(■].: . . .AMES 

RIG; DTMBNSIONS; 
PILOT BOATS; 

REGATTA DAYS; LIFE SAVING STATIONS 
TIDE TABLES. ,tr.,,.vc. 
Compiled from official sources, by 

THOMAS MANNING, 

1S8 Fulton Street. N. Y. 
And published under the auepicee of the Cunard 

heComp lerhaa tie- honor t 

''-..'....., .. i ^published! 

The Compilation has been carefully made, and Is 
complete and . i 
The ,' to and typographical work will be in the 

Subscribers remitting the price of the work, with 

name and addreaa. either CO the Compiler, to John 

or to i'linirsT and Stream 

i ..ilt, will have a copy forward- 

.il as soon as published, mailed free. jlyg 



LTlCUEDirC ...MADETOORDKR 
riOntniLO. fl)r the trade. Every va- 
riety of Net. Sein-. Dr. ■!.--. .-. jit-d to Sea, Lake, 
l,..'j .. ui,.„, iiiiaii, wvi'v imi 



Business Chance. 

THE MACHINERY. TOOLS, FIX- 
end Patent for 
, 11 | simple and relhtbl .- BH I H LOAD 
1N6 SHOTGUN in the ii.. ' Can . honght at a 

bargain, if applied for immediately. Sample gun mm 
u office of Forest a-cd Stream, between 
■Z and 5 o'clock P. M. Themore 
feet order, and capable of turning out .3,000 gans per 




NEW YORK, THURSDAY, AUGUST 27,1874. 



l» 



For Foivst and Stre 
THE AGED AGRICULTURIST. 



THE Aged Agriculturist 
StUUl lhf.ii. sky allium; 
The- reason why lie's ^itLin^ there — 
His chairs are all at home. 

Though Main? in, or on, a gloam, 

1 cannot see the sense of; 
To say he sat upon a fence 

Would be more onoffensive. 

And then, he has a stern look 

I ne\ er saw before. 
Besides agun, which, like himself, 

is an old-fashioned bore. 

1 know his aged entiele 
So old. and grim, and stout. 

Must hold a spirit hot within. 
Despite his "cold without." 

"Ohl aged agriculturist!' ' 

I modestly exclaim. 
"May I traverse your fair domain 

In search of lawful game*" 

"They was n man.'' the Granger grim 

Irrelevantly said — 
"I'm kinder wait'in' remind fer him. 

I hope he isn't dead. 

"Air you a city sporting man » 
An' dew you know a keuwf 

Don't pint yer gun areoiaid in me. 
Or they will be a reow ! 

"I've lied experience before 

Along of city chaps. 
You want to cross my land, you do? 

Wall, pr'apsyou kin— pie'h.ips. 

••Prehaps you'll tramp across m , gra 

And pr'aps, again, you won't; 
Prehaus yoi 



Young u 



i, It 



•They was a man as travelled bore, 
Him and his pooty pup- 
lie does'iit travel here no more, 
His sporting days ib up. 

"He axed to shoot across my lauds- 

I know a city feller. 
And driv the keows to hum, and piu 

The children in the cellar. 

"And then I clumb atop a tree, 
And said I guessed he motlt. 

1 didn't, know my sheep and hens 
Was lying all about. 

"I didn't know a city chap 

Was so much of a fool. 
1 didn't know a city dog 



Wa 



than a 



rule. 



"I didn't know as much about 

Some subjects as I do; 
I've learned i he valley of a dog 
And of a donkey, too. 

"Yes, you kin shoot across my lanu 

And sling your powder five— 
Mutton is twenty cents a pound 

And terms Is C. O. D. 

"My wire and me air life-insured, 

And Accidental, too : 
I've spiled a man with this yer gun. 

Not half as bij as you." 

The Grauger wears a ghastly smile. 

His eye isflxed and bright; 
I do not like that smile's import. 

That eye's unholy light. 

1 yearn no move for manly sport, 

But rest in peace at home, 
While he is sitting in, or on. 

The said aforesaid gloam. 

They say he once had friends and home, 
They say he once was wise, 

They say he joined a sporting club- 
Perhaps they're telling lies, J. J. Roche. 

—When does a windlass make sailors mad? When it 
raises their rancour 



Fb) threat mui Strt 



$owi\ fhe J~lu <§a /»/**. 

AMONG THE GRAYLING. 

BY TKADDUXS IsORRlS. 



EVER since 1 he American grayling 1ms been known to 
anglers, my friend Mr. Daniel Fitzhugh has urged 
me to come out to Michigan and join him in a trip in pur- 
suit of them. It was not until the last week of July just 
past, however, I hat I could find time to break away from 
the city of Brotheily Love and make a fair demonstration 
against them on the Au Sable. By appointment, I break- 
fasted wih Daniel, the aforesaid, in Bay City on the 291 h 
alt. The plan agreed on b> correspondence was to drop 
down the river some six or eight miles further than Mr. 
Fitzhugh had explored it, and after having a surfeit of 
sport to return to Grayling (formerly called Crawford), the 
station where the railroad from Bay City crosses it. This 
plan would have involved two days' hard pushing against 
a strong, steady current. In the course of our conversa- 
tion, Daniel remarked that at some, future time, if he could 
find a congenial brother of the angle to accompany him, 
he intended to take a trip on the Au Sable that would re- 
quire no such labor in returning. That he would put his 
boat in at Grayling and run the river as far down as 
Thompson's, which is seventy-live miles by land, and much 
more than double that distance bythe stream. At Thomp- 
son's he would get teams and haul his boats overland 
twenty-five miles to Tawas City, on Saginaw Bay, where 
a steamer for Bay City touches every day. 

Think, my dear Mr. Editor, how provocative ihis was to 
one who had not camped out or slept on spruce boughs for 
rive longyears. Would you, then and there, have done other- 
wise than earnestly advocate such a trip imlanter in place 
of that originally proposed? Daniel seconded the amend- 
ment as soon as I moved it, and we were unanimous. 

After our matutinal meal we walked out, and on the 
street met Mr. Leonard, generally known as "Len" Jewel- 
not "Lem," as my ancient friend Seth Green hatb it, Len 
is a brawny, broad shouldered youlji of sixty, six feet and 
an inch "in his stockings," and, as I found on our trip, a 
man of not over many words, but -still cheerful and com- 
municative, with a low down, pleasant laugh, full of ex- 
pedients when one's flies form nti attachment to the tops of 
the many cedars jutting out at a low angle from the banks 
of (lie river, the best cook I ever met with in camp, and, 
as Seth truly says, "the boat goes where he wills it." Dan 
had assigned Len to me as pusher. He chimed in with our 
change of plan immediately^ and proposed that we should 
go see John Sharp, who was to push Dan's boat. We found 
Johnny at his fish house, busily engaged in putting up an 
order for white fish, cramming in ice and nailing up boxes, 
destined for the interior, and yet he had time to remove 
the ice in a large chest and display at full length a lake 
trout of nearly four feet. After a while he laid down his 
hammer and saw, and said he was ready to talk on busi- 
ness. He jumped at our new plan for the trip. Johnny is 
a wiry young fellow of sixty-five. He and Len hunt, 
shoot, and fish with Dan and the rest of the Fitzhughs, and 
the ducks and deer they have laid low may be calied "le- 
gion," besides a few "bar" and au occasional wolf or pan- 
ther. 

At half past two in the afternoon we were en route- for 
Grayling, distant about ninety miles. This part of Michi- 
gan is an elevated, sandy plaiu, slightly rolling, and, except 
in marshy places, with a very thin soil, or no soil at all, on 
loose, coarse, white sand. The new railroad, running al- 
most due north, was projected by the lumbermen, and 
within a year or two will cross some fine trout streams 
flowing northwest, north, and northeast. There are no 
trout in the grayling streams, as far as is knowu, except in 
Boardman's Creek. On our way we crossed the bead of 
the south branch of the Au Sable, which rises in a shallow 
lake, is fed by swampy water, and consequently rather 



warm. It lias no grayling until within a few miles of its 
junction with the main stream, fifteen miles down from 
Grayling by land, and about thirty-live by water. Gray- 
ling is not far from the source of, and on, the main branch. 
The north brunch comes in about twelve miles below the 
south branch, and of course from an opposite direction. 
It is well stocked with grayling, and about half the vol- 
ume of the main stream. A dam for flooding the river to 
run logs, however, causes a discoloration of the water un- 
favorable to fly fishing, and after its waters unite with the 
main stream this provoking influence is still observed. 
Four miles west of Grayling is Portage Lake— abundantly 
stocked with large pickerel and black bass— one of the 
sources of the Manistee, and approachable by a good wagon 
road. It is the intention of Mr. Fitzhugh at some time to 
have his boat hauled to Portage Lake from Grayling, to 
descend the outlet into the Manistee, and explore'it as fat- 
down as the crossing of the Indiana and Grand Rapids 
Railroa/I, returning thence with his boat by rail to Bay 
City. Mr. F. says that he has been told that grayling- 
abound in the Manistee even more than in the Au Sable, 
but that the Hersey, where he first killed them, has been 
pretty well fished out. And yet we see by Mr. Ainsworlh's 
letter to the Rochester Democrat that he killed nearly five 
hundred, during a sojourn of two weeks at Reed City, on 
that stream early in June. They were small, however, 
compared with our average catch in the Au Sable. 

All the grayling streams, whether flowing east, west, or 
north, rise in the same elevated region of almost level, 
sandy country. The ascent from the lake shores from 
either quarter is so gradual as not to be perceptible to a 
traveller. Grayling is seven hundred feet higher than Bay 
City, and this inclination to the lake shore gives an aver- 
age current of about three miles an hour to the Au Sable. 
The shores, especially near their sources, are but slightly 
elevated above the surface of the streams, which, of course, 
have in most places the appearance of being bank-full. 
Lower down there are now and then, at long distances 
apart, high sand bluffs abutting against the rivers. There 
is little or no water shed, and the rams falling on the sundy 
plains form small underground rivulets, which find their 
way to the rivers. The streams being replenished in this 
way with spring water, are always of a low temperature in 
summer, do not. freeze over in winter, and are of very equa- 
ble flow, not varying more than a foot in depth between 
high and low water even in the spring of the year. 

We reached Grayling a little before sunset, and stayed 
all night at a new hotel, the only dwelling at the station, 
built mainly to accommodate the employees of the rail- 
road. There came in the car with us a pleasure parly, 
consisting of Mr. Mershon, his wife and children, and some 
lady friends of Bay City, to camp on the river a few days, 
tisb, shoot pigeons, and have a good time. We passed 
their camp next day iu descending the si ream, and Dan 
hailed the ladles and held some conversation with them in 
the Chippewa language, which, I suspect, both he and 
they improvised for the moment. They were jolly, al- 
though it was raining. The Au Sable "at the station is 
small, with low and apparently swampy banks, much ob- 
structed with alders and fallen cedars, and affoiditig but 
small opportunity for a fly cast. An affluent of half its 
volume conies iu a few miles below, after which there is 
smple room to swing one's line. 

On inspecting Mr. Fitzhugh's boats, and questioning ray 
friend Len, I found that -they were eighteen feet long, the 
beam (a little forward of midship) three feet, sharp at bolh 
ends, fiat bottomed, two feet six inches on the floor in the 
widest part, with a flare of three inches, making them, as 
just stated, three feet wide on top. There is a compart- 
ment, water tight from the other portions, extending from 
abeam two feet six inches forward, and the whole breadth 
of the boat, This is the "well," to keep the fish alive. It 
has three one inch holes in the bottom, and two on each 
side, to admit the water and keep up the circulation, the 
water being six or seven inches deep when the luggage and 
men are aboard, aud will keep alive seventy or eighty fish, 



n 



VXD STREAM, 



averaging tlirr-c rju;irtt?rs of a pound, l! also lin.= a mov- 
able, close-fitting cover, on which Hit: angler situ, w-Ub-D 
hole of about four inches in diameter on oach side, into 
which he slips his iish on releasing tbein from the hook. 
The pusher stands in the Btcrn, and with bis ten foot pole 
directs or arrests the motion of the boat, which fully occu- 
pies his lime and skilli leaving him no opportunity to assist 
the angler iri landing his Ash, a thing thai requires cool- 
ness and dexterity when three lusty grayling are darting in 
:is nv.iny directions as one draws ilicm 'wiiiiin dipping dis- 
tance, 'The. space between the well and Where the pusher 
stands is used for stowage, wiih dunnage, as slides 01 • trips 
of board, to keep stores and camp ecjuippagc Erorn the 
Moor if the bOaf should be leaky, 'i'lie boats are n..t over 
eleven inches deep. And it is isurpTieing to note the capa- 
city and staunchness of these apparently frail litQe barks, 
mule of half inch white pine. 

July '.V)t/i— About nine in Hie mornim: wc commenced 
our voyage on this little river of s&rta-pushiiig through 
openings in the alders, hauling our craft over Ions, and 
dodging the cedars protruding from the lowhanks. It was 
..ur'iiiienlion to tarry none "on the Way until wegot.to 
Cump Mullock, ten miles or so down stream, but after we 
had passed the junction wiih the stream already men- 
tioned, some three miles below Grayling, and a good operi 
cast riffesing, 0:in hailed me: "1 say old man. put your rod 
together and Sample the grayling, just lo see what Ih'-y 
lire." So we uncased mil' "artillery," and "limbered up." 
.V l!i" second east. I hooked, and after 8 sharp tussle land- 
ed, ati-h of six ounces or so. "Throw him in," ~iii< I Dan, 
"we keep iiolliinc nuclei a half pound on this nip," Well, 
1 lookedat my first captive from snout to caudal, Bud as il was 
still struggling, before 1 tooklhe hook from itsmoulh, 1 put 

il over I he side of the boat to observe the play of Us power 
t'ul tail and the tints and markings of it- magnificent dor- 
sal in Hie snnli-iil. beneath the placid surface. "Poor fish- 
ing up here," said Len, "too much spearing and netting; 
but still we must have some for dinner, so keep on." 1 

though) ii very g I fishing, and at notm, when we stopped 

in luneh, 1 had twenty handsome lish in my well, and Dan 
had atmul tin: same number. 

We had occasional showers in the forenoon, mid after our 
luneh I) heavy rain, which, wiih a prospect of a wet tvtgjlt, 
drove us to camp early in the afternoon. Our india rub- 
bers were wet on the clolh side, our blankets were damp, 
and our stores were also somewhat wet. 1 expected to pass 
an uncomfortable night, but Johnny Sharp, tackling the 
huge slump of a Norway pine, some twenty feel high, laid 
it low, then splitting off the knots and other resinous por- 
tions. >oon bad a lire big enough to mast an ok, \\ e opened 
i he broad front, ot our shelter lent toils genial warmth, 
hung up our blankets and india rubbers, put on the tea 
keltic and potato pot, put fifth id tile pan, and presently 
these culinary iinpleiiienisdisonuised most excellent music. 
We replenished the inner and dried the outer man, and 
between the puffs of smoke from bis dudeen Dan sang-.— 

-1)111 O. lite is sect! 



liftC 



lokini; tobuccy." 

" and turned in and "slept 



And then we toot 

the sleep of the innocent." 

July -Ms!. — I was awakened in llie morning by Dan's 
query, "Feel any mosquitoes last night, old man." "No," 
I replied, "1 fOTgpt thut there were such things. Don't 
you take mosquito nets and tar ointment when you cump 
out?" "None," responded Dan, "and, what is more re- 
markable' of the few such stragglers or black tin- that 
may sometimes he found in this region they never Attack 
you in a cedar swamp." 1 subsequently found that, as a 
general rule, the cedar "swamps" along the river had an 
cleval ion of from three to eight feel above the surface"!' 

the water. But there was no stagnant water,, the thirsty, 

sandy soil drinking up the rains as last as they fall, and 

consequently there wen- no mosquitoes or punkies. 

Although we heard the rain pattering on the Ily 
of our shelter lent, when we. turned in, the sun rose 
bright, the. skies were clear, and Hie morning cool. We 
embarked after breakfast, with the determination ot not 
making a easl until we got below the 'limit ol Dm in- 
mer explorations. Of course we broke this agreement by 
an occasional east as the boats glided along within striking 
distance of SOine pretty pool, atid about eleven o'clock, 
coming to a deep, wide, well-shaded How ot gmopthjy- 
• ■lidiiig water, which, bv the by, Dan, who was in advance, 
had hurried through, 1 could not resist the temptation any 
longer, and commenced in earnest. I made havoc among 
the' tins. No lish under fourteen inches found entrance 
into my well, I thought I had exhausted the pool, but 
D.-ii w'lio, of course, was Standing while 1 sat on the cover 
of the well, said "Not by a jug full; I can see live limes a , 
inany as you have taken." 1 must have killed fifty from 
the head 'to the lower end of ibis water, a distance of 
twenty yards, and then pushed on looverhaul Dan. "\\ bat 
luck, my boy," 1 asked, as I came up wiih him a mile be- 
low. "'Well," he replied, "I am ashamed to look a gray- 
ling in the face. Thai upper dropper, the drab winged 
coachman, you gave me, is bloody murder to them. If one 
lakes il he goes trolling the lower drop fly and stretcher 
through Hie pool and hooks two more for me. 1 am going 
lotake one dropper off, two kills them too fast. H- 
slaughter." Alter lunch our .-port still continued. In one 
whirling, eddying deep little lift, Close by Ibe bank, while 
Len held on to the boughs of an overhanging cedar I 
hooked and landed, in live successive casus, fifteen fish, 
varying from a half to pound in weight. We soon had OUT 
wei'l- so full that, the iish commenced dying, and a little 
after four in the afternoon We pUSkod on to find a good 
camping place, lhal we might kill and salt them down, and 
ha>c lime to make things comfortable for the night, tor 
mere was muttering thunder and occasional lightning to be 
■ ecu far up the river. With entrails out, heads oil, sailed 
down and pressed hard, we had two tony pound kus full, 
Which, wita those We had eaten and reserved for supper 
and n-eukfast, mads our catch a little over a hundred 
pound.,, gross weight. 

A few .voids about, the Hies we used and the game qual- 
bics i. four grayling. 1- itzhugli's favorite whip is the Jewel 
II,-, (mimed alter L. n,l to* stretcher, having lead-colored 
WlugS. red hackle lor legs, and body of yellow floss, wrap- 
ped with Hat gold tinsel; first droppei, black wing-, body 
and tegs, wrapped with silver tinsel; Second or upper drop- 
per, a 'plain brown palmer without lin.-cl, all on No. '.I books. 
1 had for a grcalcr pari of the Hist day a Jewel lly for 
Stretcher; drat droppsr a black hackle, llv.. 10 hook.) on 
yellow Moss body; upper dropper, brown Fennel l;;, on No. 
V: hook On coming to the little rift'trlton Leu held em 



to the cedar boughs, I hooked and lost several good fish, as 
he supposed, from llie hooks being too small, and, at his 
suggestion, changed them for larger: viz.- — White-winged 
coachman, foi stretcher, brown hackle for Jlrst and leud- 
eolored wing coachman for second dropper — all on No. 6 
hooks. Throughout the trip I found the latter the most 
killing fly, using il as upper dropper; although the water 
cricket— V. i. a black palmer on a yellow floss body — Was 
almost as killing -When using it tor, a stretcher on bright 
duys. After passing the mouth of the north branch, which 
made the river quite turbid, we both used larger (lies of the 
colors described. 1 fully agree With Mr. Ainsworth that 
in pluck and endurance the grayling is not a whit behind 
the trout. Then: is this difference, however, when the 
grayling -is lifted from the water he scorns In siv: "It is 
Till "up with me," and is lifted aboard with pendant tail, 
while the trout, like a certain denomination of Christians, 
believes in "(bull perseverance," and struggles and flounces 
in air, H ml pm'n. Mv experience in August on the An 
Sable was noi thai of Mr. Ainsworth's in Junoohthe 
Hersev. lie bad frequent rises to cue strike. 1 found 
litem generally to strike with as much certainty as trout, 
and l.'i book themselves as securely. So much was the 
laller the ease that after the first day I seldom used Hie 
landing net, but lifted them in. even three at. a lime, weigh- 
ing almost as many pounds. The engraving in a back 
number of Forest and Stjveam is a very tifnO representa- 
tion of the gravling, although of rather slender proportions 
even for a y"ou'iig lish; when they get to be a half pound 
ami upwards they increase rapidly in breadth and depth, 
with very small proportional addition to length, and loosing 
somewhat in symmetry. The wide-spreading dorsal'and 
long Ventral and anal tins give them great power in a slant- 
ing dash across the current. 1 could but admire the fine 
delicately-proportioned bead and handsome prominent <y\ 
as did Mr. Ainsworth, When 1 brought, in two lish on the 
droppers— not more than fifteen inches apart— I frequently 
held I hem for a while beneath the surface of the limpid 
water to admire the colors and motion's of the dorsal J!n. 
Il looked like a beap.tifu.llv colored leaf waving in the 
stream. The pectoral.- and veutrals also exhibited pretty 
metallic spots. As to their edibility, I think they are in- 
terior 10 trout. 

1 hope 1 am not wearying you and your readers, Mr. 
Editor, with my description of these han<bomo lish. ibe 
tackle to lake them wiih and the country and streams 
winre they abound- 1 did not. intend to wrhe.even this 
eon-l, hut 1 think the subject justifies il. 1 will try to 
hasten on to the end. 

• ;,•/ _.\\ ,. were now eighteen or twenty miles be- 
low Cr.nline. the stream bad spread out to Ihicc limes its 

width there. Tlio general depth of thesmoothly-floWiug river 
di,d not exceed eighteen incites, a foot was more common 
than two lee:. Ii was in the deeper holes of the bends that 

we found Hie lish, our boats being held with Hie selling 
poles out in the stream while we cast in shore, or when, ii 
was contracted to half or a third of its usual width, wash- 
ing out deep channels. We had passed over two Or three 
mSes.of splendid ground (n hurrying on lo our camping 
place the afternoon before and were almost tempted to go 
back. "But what's the use?" Dan asked; "what would we 
do wiih our fish, and we had \ el a hundred and thirty 
miles of llie river to run?" So we merely "look oil' the 
v. iie edge" bv filling our wells full of grayling and then 
pushed On to rind the entrance of the south branch; Len 
and John exChlir&log in wonder at the schools ol" fish as we 
passed over Hum.' The grayling is (he. ftsfi of the river. 
Some suckers, a few little red-lius and shineis, no bass, no 
lhke and no eels, of course, lor l hey are not found above 
Niagara falls. But well down towards the mouth Of llie 
river some of tlie smaller Species of white lish are found at 
certain seasons of the year. We passed the month ol the 
south branch eight or ten miles below wherewe passed un- 
der the first bridge we had seen, and much to our relief, 
found a WOOd-choppOr'S but on the bank, where we eased 
our consciences by giving away the lish in our wells. A 
little below w ■I'iuucheil. 

is out wells WeTe empty we fished occasionally, as we 
dropped rapidlv down stream. Casting in towards the 
bank in likely places, will) a short line, ami allowing our 
Hies to come into the wake of the boat and frequently hook- 
ing lish within three feel of the stern. They did not ap- 
pear to mind the boat much, and in the language of Alex- 
ander Selkirk 1 exclaim— 



passing the mouth of the north branch we found the 
water almost loo turbid tor fishing, but al the fool ot 
rapids, where H fell off into smooth, deep pools, picked up 
a leu It was evident that we bad left Hie best ol" the hsh- 
iii"' behind up .-ireani. We pitched our lent al "> 1'. M. , 
made a good oed of spruce boughs, ate our supper, (how 
good the potatoes wav. i never knew I was fond of pota- 
toes before.) and turned in. 

■Xnqust iJ. Our object now was to make time; our fish- 

.... ■ esuppOScd, was Overhand having had a surfeit of 

'•'How far is ii to Thompson's, do you thipk, Len?" asked 
Dan as he sipped his coffee. 

"Can't say " responded Len, "we must have come over 
sixty miles by Ibe river, and I don't lliink we \\ ill get to 
the mouth of the creek lhal collies down from his house 
before to-morrow noon. This is a mighty crooked river, 
it doubles itself up terribly, if you could stretch it out 
straight I believe il would reach across the Slate ol .Mich- 

Pari ol Lett's profession is to look up and estimate timber 

hind- and he carries in his pocket a map shewing the sec- 
tions of lands and curses ol the rivers. Producing H and 
counting the sections as laid down— so many east and so 
many north— he estimated that, we were about J orly-bve 
miles from Thompson's, in a straight line, and remarked, 
"lhal he wouldn't wonder if it was a hundred by Ibeiiv, r." 

We Struck lent. >: id luggage and started llie river 

now had an a'verugtt width of a hundred and. twe.nty feet, 
wiih a deep, steady "curieni, in many places no bottom fo 
be found will, a ten-fool setting pole, lhe temperature o! 
the waier, which was .",4 the first, day bad risen to 05, sd wc 
i g6od springs along the bank. Stopping at one 
lo take "suHiiu' lo drink," J.hm asked Len to lei bun look 
at bis map. , , „ 

"What ..reek's Dial thai puts in on the right: 

"Some call b Spring Creek, some call it Millers Creek. 

"Were you ever there':" 

"Uuee." 

"Pret.iy sizeable stream, eh':" 



"Yes. about the size of this river at Srajling." 

"Ami freshens up the water considerably"? "We II gel 
some good fisMOg there." 

Dan, as, everybody know-. i> a figid I're-Jjylerian, "as 
touching the law, a Pharasee," and "after the straitesi 
sect." lie fishes frequently wiih the Reverend Mr. 
Sehntzes, bis pastor, on week days. Was he going to li-h 
on the Sabbath? Being of a persuasion, that allows such 
indulgence I told him that / might, but remonstrated with 
him as lo his engaging in the sport. "What would his 
straight-laeed family ami relatives think of it?" He seemed 
lo iie convinced of "his wrong inientions and expressed his 
determination to push on "to make distance," as he said. 
But what did 1 si ,• when 1 cot in the mouth of Milters 
Creek, some eight or len miles beloW Dan had irone 
ahead. There he was, as John held the boat in two fed 
of water, bawling in the grayling hand over fist — three at a 
time. I held up my linger reprovingly. He said there 
was a destitute little settlement of wood-choppers at lhe 
floating bridge a few miles below, and they were entircly 
OUt of fish, and ended Ins excuse bv quoting those memor- 
able words:— "Wherefore ii Is lawful to tio well tm the 
Sabbath day." There was no resisting such argument. I 
joined him.' For a half hour il beai ail the fishing; We lis, I 
up lhe riv.r, ami we slopped only because our wells would 
hold m.i more. We "rave all ol those that were belly up lo 
lhe people at the Boating bridge. 

'•Dow far to Boqiie Vaiej-ban's?" asked Len of the man 
as he picked up lhe rish we threw on the bridge. 

"'ijoui t.n miles," was his reply. 

Len knew Koque Vaughan; had been al his house on a 
survey ing expedition anil slopped with him on a deer hunt. 
We lunched, and as we ran down stopped lo lake an on- 
easional east, just because it was comparatively difficult 
now lo get a rise or hook a grayling. Presently 'wc saw a 
"dun .out" in shore and a man and bov gathering r.^phci- 
ncs. "Halloo ! you old rascal," said Leu. "don't be dodg- 
'oil; there as if you were t'oimc lo shoot and rob us; come 
mil ami show y'ouiseli plainly Or I'll put a load ol buck 
shot into you." "Who is it, "Len," 1 asKcd. "Why that's 
Koque Vaughan, as clever a fellow as ever lived." ' Koque 
came down'lo the bank of the river, "Why, is that you, 
you darned old transgressor? I didn't know you." Koque 
had been in search oi h.-h wiih his s|tear. fclis string con- 
sisted of a grayling, a sucker and a small chub. After 
Chatting awhile we gt»l bis dugout along side andgave him 
as near as we could estimate the weight, about lolly 
pounds of lish from our wells. lb- opened his r\<^ in 
astonishment, asked us how we were oil' lor pork, said he 
had plenty and pressed us to stop at his house, a hundred 
yards below, and gel some milk, fresh butter ai 
"Dan told him he wauled to make dislauccaui! declined Ins 
hospitality. "How far lo Thompson's.," asked Len, in 
patting, "Tweiiiv-four miles I. y land;" "and three limes 
that by water," added Len. Presently we found an icy 
cold brook plunging from u bUtlk eight Eeet high luto the 
river and pitched our ten t on. a bud of moss six or eight 
inches deep. Il was a lairy-like place, that "Cedn.- 
tswamp," where we camped, 

August :W.— Having still sixty or Seventy miles lo run we 
determined not to linger on the way to fish, but killed a 
good many grayling, as 1 have before described, by casting 



shore 



villi t 



river 



and Ihen allowing the tlies lo swing wiih the curre.nl into 
lhe wake of the boat. About 5 P. M. we passed under a 
bridee With a squad of lumbermen's lodges on the bank. 
"iNdw," said Len, "1 know where 1 am." Just three miles 
from the creek we push up to gel to Thompson's. We 
found, on enquiry, that there was a drive of logs just ahead 
and lhal the cieek running down from Thompson's was 
full of bus. w e bargained wiih a man who was bawling 

lev- lo wagon our boats and luggage lo Thompson's, 
whose house was three miles away."" We gave him all of 
our dead fish, say about twenty pounds, and packed, in a 
large-hamper about twice as many for our landlord. We 
were loltl by the man al the Boating bridge and also by 
Koqiie Vaughan thai the grayling were quite plenty 
there, in May, but that they had run up above the 
north branch," where Ihey were not disturbed by log- 
driving, in June, and yet Dan and 1 each of us 
must have put two dozen or moreinto our wells, as 
we ran tin: sevciily miles below. We killed some an 
hour or so before "we lifted our boats out of the water. 
There was no telling how far we had run since leaviug 
Grayling. Johnny Sharp Was positive il was at least a 
hundred and eighty miles. Len expressed no opinion, but 
Dan, who is rather given to underrate in such things, 
thought -it was fully a hundred ami sixty miles. In sum- 
ming up the fish we. had packed, given away and eaten, 
(none spoiled on our hands,) Dan's estimate was two hun 
died and IhiilV pounds, and yet the actual lime of lishimr 
tlid not amount lo two days of ten hours each. U the Lime 
spent in running the river had been devoted entirely (o 
anglimr above °l he south branch I am confident we could 
have taken from six to seven hundred pounds. We killed 
a great many fish m a pound, si ■ ot a pound and a quar- 
ter, but none larger. 1 tlo not lliink they attain a greater 
Size in lhe An Sable, in running the river We saw twelve 
deer and one bear. Dan levelcd'his gun al a splendid doe 
just io see how he could pink her if he was so disposed, but 
lowered the muzzle, as she likely had fawns by, and il was 
out of season. 

We reached Thompson's with our boats about sunset. 
This gentleman is, as the term U applied, a "Scotch Irish- 
man" by bjrtl}. lie came when a small hoy from Ireland 
and lived, until he had grown up. ill the timber country of 
lhe Siiiamahonine' in Pennsylvania. He ihen moved l.o 
Michigan, is a large holder of valuanle timber lands, and 
keeps a l>ig roadside tavern, it appears, as much lor the 
fun of it as anything else. His large, neat house and big 
I'cnnsvlvaniadookmg barns bespeak Hon: and good judg- 
ment. Re is a splendid specimen tjf a man. .-mi young 

say Ihirtv-live— .iver six feet, and well proportioned. He 

received us kindly, took a bottle ol Cognac iron, its straw 
wrapper, gave us a, gpbd suppeis good beds, and a good 

breakfast," and loading our boats and luggttge on a sioul 
wagon, placed us in one with springs ami -■ ni US rejoicing 
towards Tawas Citj - , on a level mad twenty-live mil - 
long "and as straight as agon barrel." We arrived in I av, a! 

Oily to dinner, and then look the last steamer Shei r for 

Hay Lily. I am sorry 1 have forgotten the name ol lhe 
Captain, but he was Hie cleverest ami most gentlemanly 
skipper 1 have traveled with for a quarter of a century. 
Thus ended from beginning to end one of the roost pleas 
ant excursions it has been my happiness to undertake. 



FOl;: STREAM. 






prsiQ m\d ^owm. 



Saratoga, August 20.— Tlie number of people on Hie 
course and in and around the grand stand whs never ex- 
ceeded in any year, This is imdpubtedly owing to the 
admirable management of its officers and t tie efficiency 
displayed by the lessee. The first race was a purse of 
$300-; one mile and three quarters, winners ai either meet- 
ing excluded, There were lour -starters. Reform, Dublin, 
London and Red Dick. Reform won easily in 3.05& which 
is one second and a quarter quicker than the same distance 
was ever run before. The great event of the day was lire 
four-mile race for n purse $1,400, for which the Starters 
were Fellowcraft, Wanderer and Katie Pease. M. A, 
l.iltel's Followcraft won timid intense exilement, and in 
the shortest time on record, ?.-l!l.'.. The third race was a 
free handicap steeple chase for sCpnrse of fBoO, There 
were only two entries, Bullet and Vesuvius. Bit, let won 
the race easily ; Vesuvius failed to go over the course. 

— Tlie extra days' l'aejug at Saratoga on August 21st was 
for the benefit of the Saratoga Rowing Association. The 
first race was for a purse of $500 ; distance three-ijiiarters 
of a mile, whieh brought out the folio wing starters : 
Fleming's Emily Fuller, Moore's O'Neil. MrDanfel'sMtutee, 
MoKee & Co's. Minnie Mark, Coffee's Ida Wells, Dona- 
hue's Dublin, and Ayer's Erastus Coming. Madge was 
favorite in the pools, and won casilv by two lengths, 
Dublin second, and Minnie Mae third. "Time, 1:15?. The 
second event was a selling race for a purse of $01)0 : dis- 
tance one mile and a quarter. Five horses Started. Mc- 
Daniel's Red Dick lilly ; Wahid's Mildew, Coffee's B. F. 
Carver, Donahue's Wizard and Cariboo. The race was 
won easilv bv Cariboo by two lengths, Red Dick filly 
second, Mildew third. Time. 2:11. The third race was a 
free handicap for a purse of $650, of which gloQ to second 
horse ; distance two miles. The starters were Davis' Fad- 
ladeen, Donahue's Lizzie Lucas and Botany Bay, Wc- 
Danicl's Gala-ay, Moore's London, and Steam's Frank. 
Soon after the start Galway threw his rider, who was 
seriously injured bv his fall. Botany Bay took the lead 
and kept it for about a mile and a half, when Lizzie Lucas 
wtnt to tlie front, and won bv half a length-. Fadladeen 
second, Botany Bay third. Time, 3:834. 

— The races at Saratoga on August 22d embraced three 
events which ended the summer racing meeting. The 
managers of -the association gave the entrain.' money of 
Saturday last to the public schools of the Tillage, tlie funds 
to he especially devoted to the building of a gymnasium 
Tor tlie scliolars. The first race was for a purse of goOO for 
ail ages ; distance one mile and an eighth. Only three 
liorses stalled. McDanicl's Madge. Coffee's Carver, and 
Avcr's Erastus Coming. Corning g01 off first, hut soon 
fell behind, Madge going to the front, where she staved to 
• lite finish, winning by ten lengths, Carver second, fifteen 
lengths ahead of Corning. Time, 1:57& The second race 
was a selling race, for a purse of $600; distance one mile 
and three quarters. The starters were Donahue's Botany 
Bay, Desmond's Mollie Darling, and McDanicl's Galway. 
The three horses started well together, Botany Bay taking 
the lead aud winning bv aclength, Mollie Darling second, 
live lengths in front of Gal way. Time, 3:09. The Third 
race was a hurdle handicap, mile heats, over four hurdles, 
for a purse of $650. Four borses started. Lawrence A 
Lorillard's Bullet, Green's Daylight, Tally's Vesuvius and 
McDanicl's Julius Colt. Daylight was favorite before the 
first heat, which he won by half a length. Vesuvius, 
second, and Julius Colt, third. Time, 1:56?. The second 
heat was won by Vesuvius by half a length, Julius Coll. 
second, Bullet third. Time, 1:52*. In the third heat 
Daylight aud Vesuvius only started, Vesuvius Winning the 
head and the race by four lengths. Time, 1:54 

—The Hampden Park races closed on August 21st. The 
meeting-has been one of unqualified success, and termi- 
nated In an admirable and most satisfactory manner. 
There were two postponed races to linish— the 3:38 and the 
2:20. H. C. Hill won the sixth heat of the former in 
2:28±; Nashville Girl secoud. Bella, the winner of the 
fourth and fifth heals, won the eighth heat and the race in 
2:30*. Nashville Girl took secoud money, H. C. Hill the 
third, and Mac the fourth. 

Fred Hooper, the winuer of the first heat in the 2:20 race, 
also won the fifth in 2:30, and the sixth iu 2 ;24sJ, giving 
him the race. T. L. Young gets second motley, Mambrino 
Gilt the thirtl. 

Glostcr won the 2:20 race, the last of* the meeting, in the 
third, fourth and fifth beats, Cambrs tekidg second money. 
Time, 2:2n>, 2:10}, 2:21. 8:28, 8:37$. 

KaiiMis Chief won the 2:31 race in the second, third and 
fourth heats, Fleety Golddust taking second money. Time, 
2:25,2:29,2:25, 2:27. 

The two mile hurdle race was won by Tabiat.hu, Crow's 
Meat second, and Ned iLiulon distanced. Time. 4:51. 

—The Fairfield County Agricultural Society held their 
regular trotting meeting on their grounds near Norwalk, 
Conn. The premiums Offered Were $3,900, and the at- 
tendance during the three days was excellent. The first 
day, August 10th. there was a race, for a, purse of $500 for 
the three minute class, best, three in five. L. L. Allen's b. 
m. Laura wan. The second race was for a purse of $800, 
for 2:30 class. P. Mance's b. m. M. A. Whitney won in 
three straight beats. Time, 2:33'.', 3:304, 2.32A. On Au- 
gust 20th "the first race was for a purse of $500 lor 2:50 
class. Walker's b. m. Bay Bird won the last three heats. 
Time, 2:45L 2:41, 2:41. The seeond race was for a purse 
of $800 for 2:35 class. J. D. Gilletfs 2;. g, Messenger Boy 
won the three last heats. Time, 2:3?*, 2:39.1, 2:39.!. On 
August 21st the first race was a, purse of $fJ0D for 2:38 
class. W. H. Nelson's Kitty won in three straight heals. 
Time, 2:30, 2:30J, 2:38, Between the heats the pacer 
Copperhottom was matched against lime to beat: 2:35. lie 
paced three heats as follows : 2:27, 2:23.1, 2:39. 



EXERCISES IN THE SADDLE. 

EniTOR FoitKST AMD Stream;— 

Among the many suggestions, to out-door 
your valuable paper, little reference seems 
that most exhilarating of all pleasures, horsi 
Summer will soon be past, and the cool air of autumn will 
be upon us with its fleligUtful bright days, when this sport 
can best be enjoyed. To a. person of sedentary habits to 
whom an hour from business at the most is the best he can 
spare, nothing is more beneficial than horseback riding. 



enjoy 1 
to be i 
back e 



It stimulates every muscle in tlie body, the horse doing the 
work while the man takes the exercise, and Ihe writer 
kntows from personal experience thai. Is ;i greftl cure fur 
thnt American malady— dyspepsia. Tin 1 troul may refuse 
tO bltf, siid the game to start, but, upon Ihe horse there is 
a certain pleasure beyond all contingencies. The rider is 
above everybody else, he goes faster than anvbodv else. 
lie has for'a time at least a kind of ideal, and not actual 
being, forget I ing himself almost entirely while enjoying 
the exercise. At, one mdwont- be. imagines hhusell a gen 
era! at the head of an army, at another an emperor making 
a triumphal entry; now lie is a knight returning from 
conquest, and now perhaps lie leads 'a charge in battle, or 






.♦hat 



thousands of dollars de| 
actually believes all this 
as if it wore 90, or might be so. 

By all menus ride a trolling horse, and leave to the ex- 
clusive right of the ladies the gallop. Take good com- 
pany with you, for coming the ''solitary horseman" is the 
poorest of all medicines, if you have only your ills to con- 
template while riding. Don't, ask the livery man before 
you start if the horse you ai'e about tO mount is gentle, 
kind and don't shy, but spring into the saddle and look 
out for him yourself, thereby forgetting for the brief hour 
all business and care. 

Ose as light a saddle and bridle as possible, for handling 
ahorse with heavy harness is like landing 11, brook trout 
with a bass rod. 

These few ideas are the result o£ only fifteen v-ears ex- 
perience, bttt I well know that is short in comparison with 
many of the army contributors to your paper, but I can 
Safety Bay, with Unit short observation, that horseback riding 
strictly adhered to (if only for an hour each day), will be 
productive of great physical good. F. S. S. 

—The National Association for the Promotion of the In- 
terests of Ihe American Trolling Turf, has appointed Mr, 
Vail (heir Secretary and Treasurer. 



- V 'a:-i 
the wonder 
died at his 1 
It is said In 



jar that John Harper, the owner of 
mgfellow and other celebrated racers, 
lear Midway, Ivy., on August 19th. 
irtre fortune." 



Jfttfytttl Hjn$times. 



— The international tourney at cricket was opened at 
Halifax, N. S., 011 August 18th by a match between the 
eleven of American and an eleven of the Canada. The 
hitter won the toss and went to the wicket. Mr. Phillips 
and Mr. A. Power, of Ottawa, took the bat against the 
bowling of Mead. The inning continued until I o'clock, 
the Canadian making a total of 94, of which Phillips con- 
tributed 52. The Americans then went in, and when time 
was called, Ihey had made 133, with live wickets down. 

Tlie match was resumed the following day. The Ameri- 
cans concluded their first inning at 1 P. M., with 11 total of 
191 runs. The Canadian team then went to tile hat and 
scored 60, leaving the Americans the winners hy one in- 
ning and 31 runs. On Ihe 20th the American eleven began 
lo play with the eleven of Emrland, and at 1 o'clock play 
was stopped for the dav, owing to the rain. The Ameri- 
cans, who went first to the wicket, had scored 181, with a 
loss of eight wickets. On the 21st the game was resumed 
at 11:30 A.M., the Americans closing their first inning 

with the following score : 



Ash In 

Larvc 
llojik 



Total . . 



'aylor 

JibaVuglVtba,'*^ 



The English team then went, lo the wicket, ami at, lunch 
(2 o'clock) four men were out (Mitchell, Davis, Barker aud 
Reid) for a score of 50, After lunch the English learn went 
again to the bat. The following is their score: 



bim 



Lieut. Ei-id t 
Cant. Wallae 

Meade 

Lieut. Gar.U 



■:,s tlupkhisdfl bC. ftiwJuui"!] 

:i|ct, BopkiiiBOii li C. NewUal) .... 



<• byes, 2 Willi',,, :.; 



Total . 



...-16 

11 



Byes, it; leg by 
Total,... 



s, 3.. 



This was a brilliant result for the American cricketers. 

— The Brooklyn Scottish games came, oil in Myrtle Ave- 
nue Park 0,1 August 20th. '"The [OllOWiug athletes were 
awarded prizes as follows: Flitting heavv stone— John An 
derson, 35 feet 4J indies; standing iuuip — A. Rennie, 9 feet 
7 inches; throwing heavv hammer-- A. McKay, 87 feet, li 
inches; tossing the caber- A McKay, 37 feet 1 14, inches; 
running jump— A. Bonnie, 19 feet li inches; running high 
leap— A. Rennie, 5 feet and 6 inches ; hilch aud kick— a fin 
— T. .Munsella and A. Beid, 8 feel, r , inches each; short 
race— A. Rennie j three-legged race— M. E. Moore and 
S. Ilnke; broadsword danee-.l. Kennedy; boys' race- 
Alfred McAdam ; eggrace~=M. B. Moore; red danqing— 
James Aitchison; throwing light hammer— A. .McKav, 1 0-J 
feet inches; vaulting with pole— Munsella, 9 led I 'inch : 

putting light stone— John Anderson, 11 feet 10 Inches ; long 
race— A. 'Beid; Highland fling— James Atchison : standing 
high leap— A. licid, -I fed, 3 inches; hurdle race— A. Reid'; 
sack 1 ace -E.B. Fleming; wheelbarrow racc-Pclcr Beid; 
extra boys' race— A. D, Edgar. 

—The Boston nine again defeated the Athletics at Dublin 
on August 24th by 12 to 7. This is the sixth victory in 
succession by the'Bostons in their English games with the 
Athletics, 



-The grand match between representatives of ten of the 
leading amateur clubs of Brooklyn and New Vork, which 
took place August, 17th, was in every way u greal success. 
The match was played under Mr. Chadw'iek's new ruie of 
ten men and ten innings, and it was umpired under profes- 
sional rules by Burdock of the Mutuals iu fine style. The 



advantages of the 

plainly apparen 
plays by i he se< 
rule, the play 
both in bat lint 
the Brooklvr, p 
full score of th 



nprovement in the game were made 
ie additional facilities given for fine 
boatman being a feature of the ten men 

In- New ', n ; - i 1 - ,i miidel display 

Seltlinc and alter the fourth innings 
: is the 






BnOOKI.VN. 



I.i'iiuith 
,1. Fallot 
0. Patio 



-Mo'taM 

Totals 



i)|\V.-l...-(l I), 

OUJnmi, r [ 

llDotlge, tsr b 

DWoostrer. 3(1 b 



1 



1 f 



...I 9 



I B x' 
II (I D 
1M II ft 

n n •.> 8 o 
n 3 o i 

1 4 4 

(I D 1 3 

ft 3 1 

1 G () 

1 (I 

U 2| Totals I) •:; ;'/i ffl :i 

Ijltxa EAcn iNroNu. 

New York,,. 1 1 1 1 n (I (l 11 0-4 

Brooklyn II (I ft ft 0—0 

Unas eamccl-New Yruk. II; Brooklyn. 0. First base by urtota— New 
York. :-i; Brooklyn, 1. First base by wicles -X™ York. I; t,r,i,i!;iyii. 2. 
Total wMcs piU'hmi— By Fallon, 10; by Brett. SO. Umpire, Mr. EiuuVl: 
of the Mutual Club. Time Of same, One liour and tltiny miiiDlrs. 

--The championship record of the clubs now playing in 
the arena to dale, is as follows: 

tmo. , mm, o"„»..-,/„./. FtmjeiL 

cMcago," ..".",7.7.*.".'. .';;.':::; t» S m 

Pbiliinehiliia. 
Hartford..., 

Atlantic 

Hallim,,,-,, .. 

—The followi 

Ancnst \.'l— FIj-rwi 

Aiu.'11-I ts-Fb-aw: 

'.!_', I- ,"-|-'U--|l>. 

Angus! 30-Fly.iw 



li 



It) 
SS 

ii 



an 



g is the record of the victories of the Flv- 

' as heard from: 

vs. Mutual, al SartttOM ai to i 



econd 

were they 

]ierli)rni- 
.eingpub- 



if (hey 



cannot be tempted to play with cither of ihe American 
clubs. There has been considerable practice among tin 
cricket clubs, but still they do not wish io Eapkie eitheT of 
the nines; offers rif eighteen mrii and five Oilts even will 
not tempt them, and so lo keep up with the advertised 
promises the boys have lo work very hard. 

The correspondent of the Boston Juunnd says in refer- 
ence to the match at Princes : "Friday noon the Americans 
went to the bal, and ran up a score o'f 110 in about two 
hours. After lunch the Prince's Chili took the 
innings, which finished for 39 runs, mid thus i 
beaten in one inning and 50 to spare— the wl, 
mice on their part, The score is not worthy i 
lished, being moslly aoose eggs. The odds 
been given the other way— eighteen of Rnglaui 
eleven. A number of good cricketers were i 
and were much irritated, abhoiu'h a few -.uc 
the conduct of the club by sffiying >t was out ( 
the players were at country" cricket matchc 
had not known of this match for months. If' An 
can cross the ocean to play, cannot they take an hour's 
ride to keep an engageBienl ? Most of the expressions were 
ol disguM, denouncing the conduct of the cricket club as 
disgraceful, and savin- ihey would catch it in the papers. 
Although il was spohen of as very unfortunate in the 
Times and other leading dailies, Hie censure was very 
mild." 

The same writer says : 

"Among other things that interest an American is the 
Skating Park. This is a large space, partly under cover 
laid with very large marble iiles, aud used for skating on 
parlor skates. i\lr. Plimpton, well known in Boston, is 
here, and superintending the completion of a large rink for 

the Americans at this exercise, sonic being rcinarkahh- ex- 
pert and graceful. Although to members are so i Kclusive, 
most of Ihem having titles, it is Comparatively easy for ai'i 
American to obtain tin invitation to the privai'c portion of 
tlie ground." 

— Loud and Water, of August 8th, in its comments on 
base ball, says ; "Of tfic game itself, as seen during the 
week in Eondon, lit lie can be said, except iu praise. It was 
generally fancied that cricketers would be rather inclined 
deprecate and ignore, but, the cricket, world has been the 
first, not only to welcome, but to applaud. To cricketers, 
indeed, baseball presents many lessons that might judi'- 
ciously be accepted, in one respect alone the Americans 
have shown Englishmen what, can be done in accuracy 'of 
throwing. Here yon rarely bud a cricketer who can be 
relied upon for consistent accuracy iu returning the ball to 
the wicket keeper. It is returned somehow, and that 
seems quite snoitgh. Sometimes at the head, and more 
often al the feet, it comes in at a great pace probably, but 
slill in a, manner calculated to disturb the whole system of 
a wicket-keeper by the constant lunges, and often' vain ai- 
tempts to reach the ball iu an impossible position. With 
the baseball players matters are ahogcther different. 

—Mr. Asa VV~. Smith, brother of Mr. Mark Smith, the 
actor, and an old and most highly esteemed member of lilt 
Cnior Base Ball Club of St, Bonis, was drowned in the 
surf, whihi bathing off Biddcford Poole, Maine, on tile 3hs(. 
ult, lie was a lb.. rough Southern gentleman, and tried his 
best to keep Up the high status of base ball as a gentleman's 
game. 

—The match between the professionals iiud amatetl 
the benefit, of the Mills family at Brooklyn, August 2 
suited in a one-sided and unintcrcs.liii'g match, Ihe sci no 
standing at 14 for Ihe Mutual nine to 1 run by the New 
Vork Amateur ten. The game yielded about' a huu.be, 1 
dollars lo the fund. 

—The Chicago nine defeated the Baltiinores al, Chicago 
on August, 34tll by a score of 4 to 8 only in a ten innings 
game — the best contest yet. 

—The Chclseas of Boston were .Ideated hy the King 
Philip nine on August, 83 by 7 to 0. 

—On August 22 the Nameless nine defeated the Nasyaus 
at Prospect Park by a score of 18 to (I. Nearly 8.00U peo 
pie witnessed the contest, 



5 for 



36 



FOREST AND STREAM. 



Jfe/jr §ttJttti[e. 



This Journal is the Official Organ of the Fish Cnltnr- 
ists' Association. 



FLASHES FROM THE "BLUELIGHT." 



SIXTH WEEK. 



THE past week has added five to the Blue] ight's record 
of dredging trips, and brought the number of suc- 
cessful hauls of dredge and trawl up to one hundred and 
thirty-five for the season. One trip was along one, leaving 
Koank on Tuesday forenoon, spending the night at Block 
Island and returning the next evening." During this trip an 
opportunity was afforded to the party to draw a strong con- 
trast between inshore and off-shore work. Fifteen miles 
out in the Atlantic, to the south of Block Island, the long 
ocean swell played the mischief with science, and only a 
quick return to smoother waters saved lives and dishes. 
Pale Professors staggering about, clinging steadfastly to 
the corks of broken'jars, could not con'.ribute much to the 
good cause, and since our return there has seemed to die 
away the oft expressed longing for a good outside trip to 
deep waters. 

Yesterday, on our trip, in which we had the pleasure 
out at sea. of the company of Mr. Wyckoff, of the Tribune, 
Dr. Bessels and Captain Button of the Ordnance Corps, 
the sound was boiling with leaping fish; the pilot called 
them "Ml hluefish " " I haven't been able to find out how 
a live bluetish looks yet this season, but should have de- 
clared them to be bonitas. 

The Commission has chartered a roomy, comfortable jib- 
boat, with a cabin and fair sailing qualities, and in this, 
with Captain Chester to manage, Professor Goode is work- 
ing hard, seining and trawling in the places where the 
Bluelight cannot well go, and with good results. Sleeping 
as best they may on board the boat, aud depending on their 
seines for their chowder, they have spent several nights 
away, working with seine in Nasseaguo Harbor, on the reef 
near Montauk Point, Shagwam Bay, Cow Bay, and New 
fcborehura, and nearly circumnavigating Block Island, set- 
ting i lie "scrawl," a long line, with baited hooks at inter- 
vals, in suitable places, and capturing great numbers of fish, 
B larce proportion being skates. 

Several new species were added to the list of fishes found 
in this vicinity, among them several JSnpraulis riW/tu.i, a 
fish closely resembling the anchovy of European waters. 
A line specimen of the bill fish, (Tetrnpturus albidius.) five 
feet iu length, and a curious sucker fish, the Rhombochirws 
gsteoohir, with an apparatus in the back of his head re- 
sembling the rasp with which a shoemaker removes pegs, 
were among the captures, and a large sturgeon was sent 
to us. 

The. pouuds are doing very little now, the season being 
considered over. Several have been taken up, and in them, 
left standing, but few fish are taken, Spanish mackerel be- 
ing the principal catch. The smacks, that, when we first 
began work, arrived almost daily with full fares of cod, 
mackerel, weakfish, &c, are now mostly laid up, receiving 
repairs and refitting for next season's work. The skates' 
eggs, (hat we bring up in our trawl, are uo longer filled 
wrlh' a living; occupant, but arc mere husks from which the 
life has sprung. Everything marks the approach of the 
end of our season, and fills us all with regret that so de- 
lightlul a summer should be so short a one. 

A most interesting and valuable set, of experiments have 
been, and are still, at the date of this letter, 22d, noon, be- 
ing carried on at the Fish House, in attempts to raise 
voung shad in waters containing various proportions of 
sea-water — from pure fresh lo entirely salt. The shad, 
(about fifty thousand,) were taken from the hatching boxes 
at Holyoke at five A. M., on the loth instant, then about 
one ho'ur old, and were brought to Isoank by Mr. Milner, 
Assistant Fish Commissioner, arriving here at 11.30 A. M., 
the water having been changed three times. At 9 P. M., 
all being lively and in good order, they were divided into 
lots and placed in earthen jars containing each 128 gills of 
freak spring water. Jars N6. 1, 2, 3 aud 4 were devoted to 
experiments with salt-water. No. 'a 5, 6, 7 aud 8 to experi- 
ments on temperature. No.'sO and lu with spring water, 
changing every six hours; No. 11 pure sea-waler, and No. 
12 surface water at low ebb. 

.Jar No. 1, had taken from it at the end of every three 
hours i wo quarts, aud the loss was made good by replacing 
tvo quarts of a mixture of fresh and salt water, beginning 
with fifteen gills of fresh to one gill of salt, and on each 
nucceasive change increasing the salt and diminishing the 
fresh by one gill, until at the end of forty-five hours on the 
fifteenth change, aud every three hours after, the water ad- 
l.'i'i was pure sea-water, that in the jar being nearly so. At 
the end of sixty hours, they having been for fifteen hours 
In nearly pure' salt- water, the shad began to show a little 
weakness, lying at the bottom of the jar. At P. M., 18ih, 
it the twenty-fourth hour iu sea-water, they succumbed, 
itnd about ninety-five per cent bad died; a lew Still living 
wen- taken from the jar and placed in a mixture, half fresh 
and half sea-waler. They revived and are still in good 
order at date, (noon 22d.) 

Jar No. 2 was the same experiment as No. 1, except that 
ine .-ea-waler was added iu oue-half of above proportions, 
taking ninety hours to bring the mixture to nearly pure 
sea-waler, and from which time, 3 P. M., 19th, the change 
has been' witi) pure sea-water, they have gradually died, 
u,u iu tuja dale about ten per cent are living, but rather 
(tail, having been in nearly pure sea-water sixty-nine 
hours, and iu water more or less salt 15G hours. 

Jar No. 3 had salt-water added in same proportion as in 
No. 1, until at the end of fifteen hours the water was nearly 
one-third salt to two-thirds fresh, and this mixture has since 
,,een supplied every three hours, two quarts at a change. 

Jar No. 4, supplied in same proportions as in No. 2, 
bringing me mixture nearly to half fresh, half salt in forty- 
eight hours, the changes being continued since with mix- 
ture oi same proportions. 

At dace No. 3 lias had its full proportion of salt, nearly 
one-third for 144 hours; No. 4 has been at nearly half-and- 
half ill hours; and in each jar the fish are lively and but 
lew have died. Those in No. 4, where, although the more 
salt of the two, the salt-water was added more slowly, seem 
to be livelier than those in No. 3. 

In the above experiments the temperature varied from 
08° to 70°, no artificial means being employed to alter it. 



the adding of the sea-water, of course, bringing it down a 
little — the temperature of the room raising it. It was orig- 
inally intended that No.'s 5, aud 7 should be kept at 65°, 
00" and 55°, respectively, by the addition, as necessary, of 
fresh ice-water, but Mr! Milner, having been compelled to 
leave us, we were, till the arrival of Mr. John Vealev, to 
assist Mr. C. D, Griswold, who was led by Mr Milner in 
charge, rather short-handed, and it is probable that the 
average temperature of each jar has not been below 02 or 
63°, although each has been temporarily lower. In these 
jars the shad are all lively and well now, at the end of 
seven days and seven hours since they were taken from the 
hatching boxes, three hours more, and there is no sign but 
that they will last longer, and we will have beaten the 
longest time as yet on record, as occupied in the transpor- 
tation of shad, viz : the journey of Se.th Green with a slock 
lo California. 

Jar No. 8 averaged about with 5, 6 and 7, being under 
same treatment, until last evening, when the temperature 
was suddenly reduced to 60° and Carefully kept at that 
point. This was too cold, and the last, of the lot died in 
seven hours, they having began to die in about three 
hours. 

Jars No. 9 and 10 have been left at natural temperatures, 
subject only to such changes as the changes in the temper- 
ature of the room and "the changing id' the water might 
cause, the water being fresh spring water, and changed 
every six hours; the fish are all doing well. 

One small jar, No. 11, was filled with sea-water several 
times and a few lish transferred to it; in each case they 
all died iu from two to three hours. 

Jai' No. 12 was filled with surface water at dead low tide, 
the river being unduly fresh on account of late rains, but 
the water was perceptibly brackish to the taste. The 
water was changed every three hours by adding surface 
water taken at low ebb. This, however, became much 
Salter than at first, owing to a southerly gale, and by uoon 
of the 21st (hey had all died— all having" kept well Tor about 
forty-eight hours. 

In all of these experiments the temperatures were noted 
with one of Green's standard thermometers, and the pro- 
portions of sea-water calculated by the amount placed in at 
each change; this, however, would not give exact propor- 
tions, as in taking out each time two quails of the mixture, 
more and more salt each time was removed, and the pro- 
portion of fresh water left a question of much closer cal- 
culation. It, however, approximated, and I have used the 
qualifying word neatly in speaking of the degrees of »alt- 
ness. 'The method of this first systematic experiment in 
rearing shad in salt-water was devised by Mr. Milner, and 
it is to be. regretted that circumstances prevented him from 
staying to carry it, out. Mr. Griswold and Mr. Vealey 
have, however, taken every pains and done all possible. 

Professor Baird has ordered made by Tagliabue some 
hydrometers, the whole length of whose scale will cover 
but twenty per cent, thus embracing pure fresh and pure 
sea water," and with them we wdll be able to determine ex- 
actly on future occasions. I am watching our little nursery 
with great interest, and will give you next week the final 
results; (hey have occupied so much of my leisure lime, 
(hat I have not noticed much the worli in the laboratory, 
where, however, there has been the usual late hours and 
busy investigation. So you must wait till next week for 
the notes 1 have promised iu regard to the actions of various 
poisons on the lower forms of animals. 

One typographical error in last week's letter I must ask 
to be corrected. I wrote "one sagacious Captain," not 
"our,'" whicli rendering makes me guilty of self praise. It 
was Captain Rath bon who towed his lobsters to sea, and 
not Piseco. 

P. S. — And ";dght whale" should be right whale, and 
kraker should be kraken. 



THE CALIFORNIA EXPERIMENTS. 



how many eggs we shall sue ted iu tak: 
get things in readiness for taking live m 



U.S. Fishery, i 

Ihuiijssi-,. L',i . Aiejii -: inrti, is, 1 
Editok Forest and Stream:— 

Permit me to enclose you some proofs of pictures taken by onr photo- 
grapher here, around the camp, just lo give you an idea what the place 
aud fish, look like. We are getting along as well as could he expected. 
Our wonting force now consists of ten white men, one Chinaman and 
three IndJarja, and wbSsvo kept very busy at work ever since we came 
here— the lirst of last month. We nave got up our tents aud our buikl- 
int-'s, and liave ;;ot the wheel in rai-e ilie water into working order. It 
. lee* IE 00 Rations of water an hour into the 
hatching troughs. Weara just completing a bridge Bn8 trap across the 
ertaking, on account of the depth and 
ud. The i-nlmuii ate extremely abuntl- 
u Hto river; Hie last, haul we made with the net we caught a ion of 
on. We have also caught quite a number with a buok hailed will 
on roe, and have taken out one with the artificial lly. I do not know- 
year, but we are going to 
Yours truly, 

LlVlSOSTON STONE. 

We certainly feel much interested in these photographs, 
and are very thankful lor them. We recognize the old 
salmon settlers readily by the specimens of the California 
salmon which we find iu our markets, although we have 
not had the pleasure of seeing full grown ones alive. We 
do not think the facial expression of either variety as ami- 
able as that of our Canada fish. They have a kind of 
ragged respectable look, Something like that of an old 
Forty-niner. The camp shown in the photograph is em- 
bowered in adeuse foliage of tall trees and luxuriant shrub- 
bery, aud backed by the gray cliffs of the ravine through 
which the McCloud River runs. There are two board 
houses, several tents, an awning, the American flag pend- 
ant, and the cold, rushing river. AVe can almost fancy we 
can distinguish John himself in Ihe party.— Et>. 
■»«♦ 

Grayling and Trout for Stocking Ponds.— We are 
informed that Mr. E. L. Fraser, of Grand Traverse, Michi- 
gan, is able to procure, at certain seas us, any given quan- 
tity of young grayling and trout, which he will dispose of 
to fish culturists at given figures. He is thoroughly con- 
versant with the habits of the grayling for seventeen years 
past; and is well recommended by those to whom he refers. 
A misfortune has incapacitated him from hard labor, so 
that those who need him will do him a kindness by 
patronizing him. 



— An association for the protection of game and fish is to 
be formed at Geneva, 111., anti will be composed principally 
of persons residing in the vicinity of Fox river. The asso- 
ciation will make special efforts m preserve the fish in Fox 
river and tributary streams 

—The hist New York legislature passed an act for the 
construction of a fishway in the dam of the Mohowk above 
Schenectady, and work on the structure will be presently 
commenced. 

Pound Nets.— In the Connecticut Pish Commissioners' 
Report for 187-t ara many allusions to pound nets, which 
ought to be abolished forever, No rivers can be made 
self-supporting so long as pounds are permitted. The in- 
'oalculable damage they do is summed up and their prohibi- 
tion urged in the following reasons; 

" First. They are nuisances on the high seas, placed in 

the water without a shadow of rigid — a continual 

to the navigation of both large and -mall craft. 

"Second. They prevent the fr*e. passage of the fish to 
their spawning grounds, and destroy them in such quanti- 
ties as to threaten complete exterminatiorj 

"Third. They impair vested rights, in that they indict 
immense injury upon all the fishing rights on the river, not 
only in our own. but in sister Stales, and this without any 
Compensation. Wore such rights injured in anv o her way, 
as for example, by a dam thrown across the river, no one 
would question the right In such compensation 

•'Fourth. Justice and equity demand Ihftt Hie preserva 
lion of fish at the public expense should be for the benefit 
of the public. The right to a free passage of (he fish into 
aud up the river, is a public right, and it, is subject In legis 
httive control. This control silo aid he exercised lot the 
greatest good of the greatest dumber*, and should prevent 
yiouud fishermen creating a virtual monopoly of the fish. 
All our people alike upon the river are entitled to a fair 
proportion, as the fish ascend the liver. There should be 
no exclusive privileges permitted, either in lime or modes 
of fishing. But all should he mi regulated and adjusted 
that Ihe'Iegitimatc claims and rights of all are protected." 



JHfttural Jjistorti. 

' CANADA LYNX, \l.pn.r Coi>«.>1en*i*.\ 

DURING the Winter of 1869, a very severe one in Que- 
bec, Ihe lynx were driven by thousands from their 
mountain and swampy fastnesses by the great, scarcity of 
their natural prey, the hare, [Lrptm Cnnmieuxix) who were 
either destroyed by the severity of the Winter or were car- 
ried off by some contagious disease, which it is well known 
will sometimes deplete a country for miles around. 

The lynx, naturally a shy animal, retiring before the ad- 
vance of man and civilization, but now emboldened by llie 
keen pangs of slarvation and oblivious of all danger, 
swarmed through the settlements devastating the sheep- 
folds of the settlers. Hunting singly or in pairs theyhesi. 
tated not, even to entering the barn yards during the day, 
watching the opportunity when the farmer and family were 
within doors to commit some depredations aim. ng the stock. 
Active measures were taken for their extinction and a de- 
termined and relentless warfare was waged against them. 
Extra precautions were taken to protect Ihe sheep and 
other animals. Asthe Winter progressed, the lynx, reduced 
to sore straits to procure food, entered even the city of Que- 
bec, along the cape above the river and through thejicuehes. 
Great was the excitement, and such a furbishing up and 
clashing of arms, that had a stranger chanced to enter the 
city at the time he might have thought a Fenian raid was 
again imminent. 

One lynx, after an exciting chase, was killed in the gar. 
den of the Archbishop's Palace; another in the rear of a 
restaurant, attracted by the savory odor from cooking 
viands. 1 forget whether it was afterwards served up to 
its patrons in the guise of hash or not. Many more were 
shot in the trenches by the soldiers aud one even penetrated 
to the citadel itself, but paid with its hide for its temerity, 
and now doubtless graces some officer's sanctum as a trophy 
of his prowess. 

I remember vividly one which we captured at Cap RoUge, 
and after dispatching and skinning 1 solicited the hind 
quarters, detirmined to test the culinary qualities id the 
beast. Its appearance was certainly in its favor. Packing 
my acquisition iu brown pr.perj trudged into town, and on 
reaching my boarding house I presented myself before my 
landlady and showing her my game, I requested that it 
might be roasted for my dinner the following day, paying no 
attention to her evident repugnance to cook such a nasty 
thing, as she termed it. Prompt lo the minute next day 1 
reached home and opening the door a fearful odor assailed 
my olfactory organ. The dinner bell sounding I made my 
appearance at the table, aud before rny seat was my leg Of 
lynx, beautifully brown and templing, 1 heeded not the 
jokes cut at my expense, but carving myself a portion I 
took my first moulkful. Bab! it was the last. Take away 
the thing' il is not tit for human beings. Reader, in. more 
lynx for me My landlady, with disgust, depicted in her 
face, said she had been Obliged to have every window and 
door opened iu the house, and the thermometer 30" below 
zero. 

The Canada lynx is about the size of a setter dog. Hair 
long and of a mottled grey color The head resembles a 
cat's, though somewhat shorter. Its triangular ears have 
an erect tuft of coarse black hair growdng from their ex- 
tremity. Its paws are large and spreading, with powerful 
claws which enables it to climb. The tail is short and 
bushy. 

Its'lJanadian name, Loup carina; is descriptive of one of 
its characteristics ; that of leaping upon its prey from the 
branches of some tree close by where it will pass. It will 



FOREST AND STREAM 



37 



sometime? attack as large ap animal as a caribou, nnd often 
successfully;. It is exceptional, for they are of a very cow- 
ardly nature, though immensely powerful for their size. Its 
most common prey is the hare. (Lfpnn Ganadmsti) which 
overrun the swamps throughout the country. I once had 
an opportunity of observing their n. muter of pursuit. 1 

had been out hunting boras on snow-shoes to while away 
a morning, and in crossing a swamp on a point of the river 
1 came upon a fresh track, and while slowly and carefully 
following it up so as not to disturb tlvo hare before I could 
ixif< within shooting distance, the track was suddenly joined 
by a lynx'9, which in passing across at right angles had 
seemingly made up hi- mind to put sue the same course 1 
was following. I onl.v hesitated to increase my charge of 
shot, determined to witness the flenoument. A dozen rods 
further on, the hare had evidently become aware of the 
near presence of its implacable enemy and had made pro. 
digions efforts I i«si ipe. units immense leaps testified. The 
long regular Ftrides of the lynx began to tell, and the hare 
ill its terror must have turned to double and thereby ran 
into Hie danger it WHS trying to avoid. The lynx had made 
short work of it, for scarcely a vestige but a few hairs and 
[lie i'lnnil-siaiued snow were left to tell the tale. I followed 
the lynx for Some time, hut he had too much the start. 

\ !. - many \vu\ U'ero captured during the 'Winter in steel 
traps, united with meal and drug. It is easy then to dis- 
patch il with a gun, but approach it then not too closely, 
for il maddened bv pain is treacherous and wicked. One 
man at Cap llouge, Bellow by name, had his arm so badly 
lacerated by one which he had caught in the above manner 
that it was -found necessary to amputate it. He had ap- 
proached it with an axe to dispatch it, wdien il sprang for- 
ward and fastened upon his arm. It was with the utmost 
difficulty thai he lore himself from the fearful hold of the 
lynx. 

Not unlike the fox, they will oftentimes gnaw their paw 
Off to escape from the trap. This happened to one which 
my friend. Mr. John Xeilsou had captured, and singular to 
-ay, escaped him entirely, though be followed its track a 
day. 

Col. Rhodes Of Quebec, one of the finest sportsmen in 
Canada, once related to me, while a travelling companion 
of his ii-om INew York, several adventures and methods of 
taking ihe lynx, which he and his son had. He has had 
reproduced many of the, scenes in a series of photographs 
got I on up ill a Considerable expense and outlay of time, 
representing suoniug life in Canada. 

G. M. Faikchild, Jr. 



varieties of bass. 



a Indianapolis, Ijtd., August 20. 1874. 

BniTOK KulUiST A.NH Sl'HKAM:— 

We have in the waters of this State a fish which I had 
always supposed to lie the black bass'. Messrs. Scott and 
Uoo.rveit both recognize it as such, but .Mr. Norris says it 
is not Now the buss of the Potomac are called black bass, 
and il was slocked from Western streams and not from 
Northern lakes. Our fish rise lo Ihe fly and are game; their 
average weight is about two pounds, and although fisher- 
men hereabout claim to have killed five and six pounders, 1 
never -aw a flab that exceeded lour pounds weight but 
once. Any information on this point will be thankfully 
received. Yours, truly, Ai.ia. 0. .Iamkscn. 

w Investigations by the best scientists have determined that 
ihere are but two distinguishable forms of black bass— the 
Mfcroptems Satmmdes, or the small-mouthed bass, and the 
:/. \,y,v/,.N. or the Larger mouthed variety. Both of these 
species occur naturally over a fifreater pari of the United 
.-laic-, with the exception of New England ana tlie Atlan- 
tic stmboani. of the Middle States, although only one, the 
small mouthed, seems to have been originally an inhabitant 
of the hydrographic basin of Ihe Ohio. The difference be- 
tween them is so appreciable that the veriest tyro, seeing 
them side by side, must admit their distinction. It is not 
to be understood, however, rhai there are no variations 
from the standard type to be observed in the bass of these 
two groups in different localities, and it is not improbable 
that a careful criticism will reveal certain trifling peculiari- 
ties, which may serve to distinguish those belonging to a 
particular area. 

As to this much vexed question of taking the By, our 
abundant evidence proves that both of the varieties indica- 
ted above §a rise to the. fly in some localities, but not in 
others ; thai is, ffiffl'iomis will take the fly in one locality, 
lake or river, and not in another, aud so also will Mato/Uridea. 
We cannot tell why this is. Possibly, the food in one 
place makes the fish surface feeders, and in another keeps 
them at the bottom, though this conjecture would scarcely 
signify. It may be that difference in habit ir caused by 
some variation from the standard ivpe, as suggested.— [ED 

BLIND SALMON OF THE GASPE (CAN- 
ADA) RIVERS. 



Washington, August join, 1874. 

ElUTOB BYlKKST AMI STKEA.M I. — 

As some interest, leas been excited by an article iipon the blhtd salmon 
of York Kiver, copied quite extensively from London Land and IVattr, 
I hasten to add, a wont upon t he matter. In company with our genial 

friend Luzell, or Urookiyu, who will lie recalled at once by scores of 
friendly anglers us the ■•man who < att't make n lob.-ter salad,'' f had the 
pleasure of tMilr.g ihe York hi-t inonili through ihe kind invitation of 
Mr. Eeynohe. . ... , ink.i in. »s t lie Mend of Fred Curtis, Esq of Bos- 
ton; Later 1 ashed il.e lianniouth, and a friend Ihe St. JoIiilso thai my 
facilities for a knowledge of thane rivers was good 

The blind -aimou are not ul all coulined to the York, but found orten 
in hothlhe Daruin'Otliand ul the month Of the St. John. They are not 
often bliud in both eyes : I n i il i, - owe times, round so. During our trip 
up to Ihe ''Narrows.'" url.ithest accessible pools of il, ,. York, the head 
canoe man several timet* couln approach a HiUmnn near enough to tOUOtl 



his Bides with the setting pole. Af.cr the l|sh hud taken position on the 
other side nf the pool, npon approaching him on the revcrao side, he was 
as readily frightened as any other salmon would lie. A bircc, fine, male 
salmon was shown me. with one eye blinded by what was apparently a 
thin film or scab -ron n over-ita entire surface, while Hie other was 
slouirliine away. Coon a close esarouwtfoa ihe distinct wbltescnrof 
the- -ill net .in waafonnd crowing He first aye, while npon the last was 
round a vcrv recent and unhealed . (tended From some 

llltle distance above Ihe eye lo a point directly underneath its centre 
This salmon, which was. of course. "Stone blind." was taken with a spiff 
a few mill s above the nets, and his tail was split by the twine between 
Ihu spines in several places, indicating the Before struggle lie had m free 

[hghlmself, I presume si or your salmon angling readers have seen 

the salmon, when recently csogbt to the Bet bracing himself with Ms 
tail against the twine I rfreeing himself. 

Many of the vcrv to.:- tinctly from the Matt banks of 

the iipner pools ,,r the York, have net scars apon their leads. In the 
water this -< „■ looks like a white cord passing across the head. If 1 re- 
member, (without my notes) rather more than half the large ones we 
connted just under the foils of the Dartmouth, and some few small ones 
hare these white line scar- when- Che twine had ■■■■! i In ir heads. 

■ nt writer, as you well know is neither a Naturalist nor a 
Pisicisl, and uracil less a Traumatologic, but yet ventures a common 
sense hypothesis, only Stipulating thtil it snail «oiit found bl Bttkune, 

These salmon, whether blind in odfc eye or in both, are usually of the 
largest size, tor the reason (hat on none but the largest will the mesh "f 
the net gem rally strike across one or belli eye-. Th- smaller ti-h would, 
of course, pass the head farther through. Again, the Larger the salmon 
the belter Ihe chance of his forcing himself out of th" net and living, not 

in W, but lo.«/ew his 1'iU. split by Ihe twine. I Ills head scarred and 

eyes cut. It seems beyond a question thai this liliiidue-s is liaumatic. 
or the n-ult of a wound. A sharp i * in- Bill across the eye would, irnot 
too deep, bring about, as a result of Inflammation, a hypertrop/tous con- 
dition, which w onld extend lioih sales „f in e cm our me entire conjunc- 
tiva, and would be of a slightly darker shade ami somewhat opaque, e* 
peei'ill> alter purulent initltration. 'this hypertrophy would be perma- 
nent. These blind salmon starve to death finally in Ihe rivers. When 
the main body of the fish, after the bre.ikiue up of tin- ice ill He- spring, 
go down to ihe "ea. these are left behind. Several ■<{ arj canoe 
upon both rivers live directly upon ihe bank>, and aver} spring wati -h 
the salmon going down, about two months before any run up. 

The number or bliud fish increases yearly by reason of the better pro- 
tection now afforded. Or course more tish go clear or the nets and 
poachers each year, and live to trot large enough to have their eyes 
blinded, if you ask why these blind fish are more numerous onthe 
Gaspe rivers, I Win only speculate thftttttftj would he found tostaanu- 



(e— pro- 



Before closing, let 
killing fly yet tried. Its 
Govern 
the stn 



I. of course, a careful observer Ashed it. As regards 
the Y-:-:. i:. /-I'..- -f..r ..no half day (six hours' tish- 

was five tish. averaging 8SJ pounds. As I re- 
e of all the tish taken by LnsseUe and myself was 

I took full notes of temperature Of pools and 
11 get at theiu aud work them up for you before 

nmeudioyour angling renders the most 

i does not transpire, but it is used by the 

my with thegtmrdi" 



One 



e up ti 



"Fr, 



ssfdl a 



it he w. 



a pretty 

Alook at his rod and lin< 
killed a three pound sea trout, suggested a suspicious smell of small 
nuct. Upon going to the canoe we found a salmon weighing thirty-three 
pounds, with one eye blinded by the hypertroplieia conjunctiva, and the 
other by a deep, fresh twine cut. His tail was split into numerous pieces 
(not worn off at all), and a sharp cut, with ihe edges well defined all 
arouod. to represent where the tish Had beer, hooked on the lower jaw, 
We complimented the overseer upon so skilfully playing his lish il.at the 
hook diu n't even round aud wear the edges of the orifice, and suggested 
that if he could only furnish flies like his own. that would make a "stone 
blind" salmon rise, his fortune was made. This ilv was an old hook 
with a few blubs of colorless feathers, its bend covered with an oiidis- 



eholtld have been wetled, a good fly put on. and 
with which it would hu\o beer. )mMble to kit 
have been work d around in the cat In the jaw 
ed eye should have been gaffed as if by accidei 
an angler you are too tlun. 



Tnro i_'Ai.ii.'t>i!.\iA Quail.— A party campinu ^w the 

Met l.onl Kiver, in Cahloinia, near wliete ihe U. S. Fishery 

Commission is nt work, informs! us in a private letter that 
quails are numerous in the woods round about, and by 
bailing lliein with rice they come so near ihe camp and 
net .one so lame thai moving (o and fro does not frigUten 
lliein away. They come within fifty Fees of where per- 
sons are silting. It is very interesting to watch their move- 
ments. 

CENTRAL PARK MENAGERIE. 



Due, 



tw STo 



toil Pa 



or' PWBl 10 PARKS, | 
K. Aug. 23, IKM. f 

to for the week ending 



Animal* received a 

Augnal -J. 1S74: 

One Corncrake, lux /«w./iw. Uuli. Ktirone. Presumed by .Mr. 
Jeremiah Singleton. 

Tan 'iiar-h Haw k», GiMti MtdseiaM. Presented by Mr John Nolan, 

'two lied shouldered Hawks, ISuUo liiied'a*. Presented byllr War- 
ren Priuniuond 

One Barred Owl, Ht/nliim TSblUosutn. Presumed by Dr. E. Sterling. 

One silver Pheasant, Buploetmtm nyctfienlet n». Presented by Mr. W. 
H. S leil iug. \v. a. Oohkok. 

LiAiiE Tn icACA.— The tfctnutijic Awei-iain .suites that 
Lake lii ieucn, on Ihe crest of the Andes, is ihe highest 
large body of fresh water, ami that the lake never freezes 
over. Two little steamers of 1U0 tons each do a trifling 
business. .Steam is generated bv llama dung the only fuel 
of the country, for there are no trees within 150 miles. 
The steamers actually cost their weight in silver, fur their 
transportation (in pieces) from the coast costs as much as 
die original price. A. steamboat company has asked from 
Bolivia the exclusive right of navigating' Tilicaca and the 
Rl'o ltesugiindero n, Lugo PauipuT with guaraulee of six 
per cent, mi the capital and a share of all new mines dis- 
covered. Professor Orion, the latest traveller in the re- 
gion, calls attention to the fact that Lake TlWoaca is uoi so 
high us usually given in geographical works by about 300 
feel, lis Hue altitude is l'J.ilio feet, and in the drv season 
il is four teet less. This [act has been revealed bv the 
consecutive levelings made in building ihe Anapiipn rail- 
way, just finished, which reaches from the Pacific to Lake 
Tilicaca. Lake Titicaeit is .about ihe size of Ontario, shal- 
low on ihe west aud north, deep towards the east and 
south. On an island within it are the imposing ruins'of 
the Temple of the Sun, mid around il are monuments 
which aiie.st the skill and magnificence of the Tncas. There 
are also the remains of burial lowers and palaces, which 

ontedale Ho: elilsode- and ,,.-. , i o, -i .■! . o v. |„c- lnrarial. 



^oodhnd, Waivn mid <§xrden. 

SHEEP RAISING IN CALIFORNIA. 

Nkw York. August SOth, 1874. 
Knrrou ftmnsT »sa SmEAjti— 

K within the scope of your journal, could you kindly inform me re- 
pvrdfng -beep herding and raising in the State or California, say in tho 
vicinity or San Diego? To w bar disease are the Sheep most susoeprlble, 
and whin are the reroedies! \Tliat breeds are most desirable for that re- 
ffinn, both a- to nuautity and quality of wool and for propagation? What 
siy.e ilock is a fair risk for a nesrinner of smalt capital and comparative. 
inexperience? What ontflt is necessary for n bachelor? Ts destruction 
bv do^s an item of risk, andis watchfnlneas the only preventive? 

H. W. T. 

To furnish our correspondent with all the information 
he desires upon the subject would involve much space. 
Briefly, the requisites are, a fair amount of capital, unlimi- 
ted perseverance, and the capacity for finding happiness 
and enjoyment in comparative solitude aud natural beauty. 
The first, to be sure of tiding over a year or two in which 
experience must be bought, and the latter from the fact 
that, in this country, where, fidelity- can rarely ho pur- 
chased, to have a thing well done you must do it yourself. 
There is a trnct of country in the county of San Ber- 
nardino, in the neighborhood of the San Gorginio 
Pass, which, although directly on the line of the Southern 
Pacific llailroad, is, as yet, comparatively unsettled, and 
which would probably furnish the best and cheapest, 
ramres lo be found in that part of the State. Considerable 
Government land still remains, and our advice would be 
to select and pre-empt, if il could be found, a quarter 
section contiguous lo sonic large tract, which might be un- 
desirable for other than grazing purposes, or joining one of 
Ihe old and still undivided Spanish grants, which could be 
rented reasonably. Should he be 80 fortunate as to find a 
piece with abundance of water, to which he could procure 
the proprietory right, other occupations could be added to 
that nf sheep raising. Here, under the shadow of grand 
old Mount San Bernardino, he could build his little cabin, 
with a cool mountain stream trickling by his door. The 
nurseries of Los Angelos and San Bernardino would fur- 
nish him with fruit trees of every description, from the 
tropical orange and lemon to the home-like apple and 
pear ; a little labor night and morning would soon bring 
him a bearing vineyard : he could luxuriate in green peas 
with his lamb by Christmas, and have strawberries all the 
year round. Coming home with bis herd in the evening, 
and stowing them safely in corral for the night, he could 
smoke his pipe under his own vine and fig tree, and enjoy 
such sleep and health as no city man ever dreamed of. He 
could find use for his gun among the quail and rabbits, or 
the deer on the foot hills, or with his rod and the trout in 
the mountains. 

Sheep are comparatively free from disease in California ; 
sometimes a little mange, but easily cured, The Spanish 
merino is undoubtedly the best, or that with a cross of 
Cotswold. A flock of from three to five hundred ewes, 
such as could be picked up in Los Angelos or further 
north, with hired pure Spanish rams, would be the best to 
commence with. If successful, our correspondent could 
import his own rams from Ohio, and gradually " grade 
up." On a good range, with proper attention, the in- 
crease is wonderful. No danger from dogs to be appre- 
hended, but in their place the coyote is the most des- 
tructive. They rarely attack, however, in the day time, 
and at night a good corral is the best defense. 



The Power of the Grasshopper. — A letter written 
from Nebraska to the Germantown Telegraph on Jnly 27th. 
describes the sweep of the grasshoppers over the country 
in n nudter-of-fnet way that gives our renders some con- 
ception of the horrible nature of the scourge and the im- 
mensity of the demonstration. He says: — 

"The air has been filled with them for the last two weeks. 
having the appearance of a snow-storm, sometimes thick 
enough to form flaky-looking clouds. Very few in pro- 
portion to the number passing over alighted: I should sup- 
pose not more than one out of a thousand, and yet enough 
to destroy all the Green crops. 

Last Seventh-day, (.Tulv 35th.) about thrpe o'clock, P. W. , 
I witnessed a scene that to me was awc-inspirincr. The 
sky was nearly clear: a strong wind, almost r gale, was 
blowing from the north or a little cast of north; we first 
noticed very black clouds coming up from the north, much 
like those that precede a hurricane. Not much notice was 
taken of it until the van came prettv well overhead, thpn 
we perceived it to be grasshopnets ! A field -glass was 
brought, into requisition which defined them very distinctly. 
The "cloud was so dense that it gave the landscape that 
peculiar twilight appearance, not unlike an approaching 
eclipse. 

Its course was a little west of south. How far it ex- 
tended east and west. I know not; it met the horizon either 
way. They could not have been troing at a less rate than 
thirty or fortv miles an hour, and it took them two hours to 
pass 'over. Then I fell the utter insignificance of all human 
efforts to cope with such a wonderful entrineof destruction. 
Had they carried a banner inscribed 'Desolation !' 'Fam- 
ine !' it could haTdly have impressed me more solemnly 
than it did. or conveyed a more convincing evidence of 
their mission." 



— As the season progresses, we are learning by our suc- 
cesses and our failures, bow to arrange our rustic baskets 
another year. The first thing is to have a sufficiency of 
mould earth, loam and sand, to be placed in the basket's in 
the proportion say of two parts of earth, two of loam and 
one of sand, with such drainage as will prevent the roots 
from standing water, however thoroughly the basket may 
be watered. A eentunrea for the centre, with a fine fuchsia 
on the north, or in the shade; a scarlet geranium, nnd heli- 
otrope, ivy and lobelia, will make a bosket which, with 
proper care, will afford pleasure by its constant blossoming 
nil rhe s'lison Again, a rich geranium in the centre. 



38 



FOREST AND STREAM. 



petunias, periwinkle, coleus and ivy make a good selection. 
The two main points are not to crowd the basket, and to 
provide for a succession of flowers. Tlie ivy bestows a 
gracfe! ulness which nothing else seems to afford, with its 
tank growth. An occasional watering with liquid manure 
is an advantage. It is not any too early for mere amateurs 
to bethink themselves: of next winter's window gardening 
Slips of Maderia vine, young callas, tradeseentia, helio- 
tropes, should be potted" so "that when wanted thev will 
have commenced a vigorous growth. As for propagating 
by slips, at this time- of year, only two things are°to be 
eared for, and these are indispensable: plenty of water and 
complete .-hade. It may not be a rule applicable to all 
re, but our roses put out this spring; well mulched and 
not watered at, all, have all grown well, and some have 
bloomed a second time, They will get a good coat of 
coarse stable manure this fall, and a trifle of shelter. — 
Pmi-i<b::ice Journal. 



—There is a pond on Cape Cod which produces pink 
pond lilies, and it is the only place in the country where 
such a flower grows. The color is probably caused by 
some peculiarity of the water or soil, us, when the roots 
are transplanted toother ponds, white lilies are always pro- 
duced, 



No fowls will 
lice abound, 
carbolic acid 
Clear out all 



stubble' 



— Vermin increase fast at this season. 
thrive if kept in close, filthy quarters, win 
A coat of hot lime-wash," with 'an ounce 
dissolved in it, will free the roost from lice 
the droppings, and spread them evenly 
heap. As the old fowls net fat upon flic 
the straw yard, they should be sold off or used in the 
kitchen. A stewed fowl is more wholesome food than fried 
pork at this season. r Io give, fowls the run of the barn is a 
wasteful practice. — Gwmantown Tihymph. 

County, New York, are bragging 

w weigh, 1,100 pounds. 



—The papers of Wuyn 
about a big hog which* n 



—The first cattle introduced into New Hampshire were 
brought from Denmark in 1681 by Captain John Mason. 
They were of large size and of a yellow color. The breed 
remained pure and unmixed in some sections of Maine its 
late us 1830. 



,: Jill 



IVY POISON. 

EdjTOK Forest >.si> Stbeam:— 

Seeing tlie different remedies for ivy poison. I thought I 
you my experience. 

My oldest boy poisons very en-ily. Tin: most likely lime 
is on n close. iniiL'L'.v. or damp iby. Thtai I in- ivy exhales ii? 
ii is aeld in the atmosphere, bq Una if a person 

tulcs. At this ti I cnu stop the trouble at one,-, bj ma'.dn 

lii.ir.'.ro -.tid the blisters wall caustic. A sum 11 stick, iilioiu half mi inch 
or an inch, ia sufficient to have, but put all but the end in a quill, as 
otherwise ii «ill gel on yohi hands and blacken them badly. If ihe pbi* 
eon has not been taken Eh time if will spread rapidly and increase its 
IB <i> iv. and will become very painful. 1 always use* wtwji 
to bathe the inflamed parts, which us, a spoonful of washing soda: in a 
glass of water. This is very soothing, and neutralizes the acidity of the 
l>..i-..n When it has coimuc need to run up the linn or lee you must at 
..i,..e make a ring around the limb, and above the sines uu inch to two 
inelies, astlie poison runs under flit- skin, and if Ihe i o-liw- is pat loo 
i lose yon wi'.i pel bave ; . adedoftthqupisori. Ii oaanptpass flic caustic 
mark, but lui= its tl^ht oat then and there, making a larger blister, with 
thicker mailer, but thai is ihe. end of it. I now use Pond's Kxlracl of 
Hauiemalis very freely, and it is very litalinir. Always keep the parts 

. red with |ini u cioihs. and soaked courinually with tl 

tract, iranyiuot. of tin: body is rubbed by the sore ham 
made, wbieh will inn anil spread Ihe same as the first. Byfes 
parts covered this will be avoided. When the poison 
band, and bits a dry or scaly appearance, tin n the | 
dusted with oxide of zinc and kepi covered with liir 
thing 1 do now is to cover tiie parrs with linen Boahed 
Extract, which generally is sufficient. 



id's Ex- 



it- the 
ply swells the 
i ought to be 
Jim the first 
vet in Pond's 

AjAX. 



— Where box is used for edging and borders of beds, now 
is the time For clipping. 



§he gmneL 

TO THE SPORTSMEN OF AMERICA. 



We publish the following letter from a well known wri- 
ter on sporting matters, a member of the National Canine 
Society of England, and otic of the judges at the coming 
Nottingham dog show. We are glad to see that so distin- 
guished a writer offers the same advice to Mr. Raymond 
concerning his keunel as we gave in our issue of July 23d, 
which lias been copied and credited to us by some of our 
leading English coteniporuries : 
J-Jiutok FoKES-t axu Stiieam:— 

Uthcjjigh some three thousand miles separate us, allow me to shake 
bands with you through the medium Of Koukst anuStkkam. Though 
1 do not know yon i eixirailly .1 hope I may), yet 1 believe the name of 
••Old Cubibur" n= piclty familial io you; at least .he eoitoi of Forest 
and .sthka.m assures me sj. Weil, so much the better. Sportsmen, 
somehow or other, always manage to get acquainted with one another 
and '/pah-out.'; I trust I maywiih you. and I am 6U1 



Vou ha 



' Mr. J.,n 



world— the 



iing fror 



,-eil, and 



"Ttayninud-Luvera 

sidedelo.-eio-aeholhei .Many a lime ami oft. have f gone int 

kennel v/iili him, and a/lnnred "Pride of the Border.' .Vr. Kaymc 

lucky in possessing such an animal. Let him guard the blood 

would:. 1 .' rad not'be templed to "let the blood h 

by crossing. He has now Ihe meant of brecdi 

own kennel. Mr. I.avelaok has of i-.,nr-.- o.i.l 

it he bos rial I am sure he will. Mr. Raymond must not be tempted to 

pari With bis yonnu' sloek nil be has enough lo fall back on for bcei din:.' 

[inruosos- When tlui breed is established, then lie miij weed bis kouuet, 

1 shall ,-hortly, wiih peiiui.-ioii of the edibn ,.r FofiEST ami stiu.am. 

writi ;i popi i oi I i m - i and fceOiSg ■■! doss, with other matters 

perhaps, he intemsting. In the Ebuaritime, if any of \on warn. 

other ttporrJng dogs, let mi l.uow {ihe editor will give you 

mi i I thvin for ■-.•■: mid the -ij/i/m,,-;. p.ti not buy 

tui - from Hlfeiioi' keiieele llial ate HOI north lle-irp.- 

i , , ■ itoyori v. ii -a yon ... u 

i, tit, and then you will ■nwiUI UirotUlb," The produce Of these dug.-, if 

. . in. |y I '!. will, in i. . i hori fun pi 

' i u ffd '" IgUfl 



scribe myself your friend and brother sportsman, "Old Cai 
P S.-Forthe infornmrior. of Mr. Shlpman, of Iowa. Ims 

tot with Mr. Price ornUcdon*. The totter ii a' si Bemiui 



r had 1 



lid, Mr. 



e world. Mr. Price, l 
. know likely to do so a 



used of all his dogs and retired 
in sure, will nor accept, and the 
; Mr. Llewtllin and Mr. Whito- 



JUDGINC ON THE SHOW BENCH.— NO. 8. 



THi: CULL TEHItlElt. 



THE head should be long, running flat off the nose; 
ears erect; eyes inclined to be small, and black or 
brown in color; jaw long and powerful; cheeks flat; nose 
black; neck long; the shoulders sloping well back; chest 
deep, with a proportioned thickness; legs straight, and mus- 
cular, with a nice round catlike foot; back short, well 
ribbed up; hindquarters full and muscular; stern fine, but 
not too long, and carried pretty straight; coat smooth and 
close; colors preferred are white, ami while with brindlc 
patch. 

points o« .irjiai.s'G. 

Head SajLoins -M\ 

Net* lOLegs 

Shoulders Ill) Feet n 

Chesl ia Stern 10— too 

THE FOX-HOUND. 

Head expressive, muscular; ears pendant; head a little 
'nkledin chap; face rather long, with strong jaw; neck 



ge-d mul giver #s//%. 

FISH IN SEASONItTsEPTEMBER. 



Laliil-loivl.-rd Saliiri '. '• •■■' M.-/.'..,', 
ril.n-kBlMS. ,-,:„;,:„!: , 

Btrlpca Bass, Bocata final « 

Blucfish, UmnoOxm sallator. 

Tnmtingis permitted in Ma 
mon tisiiing with fly is permiltc 

Laud-locked salmon and , 



nomy 



ots 



tied to be long, set 
of great deplh ar 
fine and close at 



ito slu 



hon 

bound, but "rather 
hound should men; 
one to thirty-two i 
and neither bowed out nor pres 
to conlinue straight to the fi 
great substance, foil of fflu&Ma 
niusl not turn out, but appear s 
back ought to be straight, widi 
flogs considered not so pleasa 
well Joined up, not short of r 
body an average depth; hind rji 
powerful; thighs full of muse' 



udders strongly; the shoul- 
ngth, sloping back well, but 
mi of shoulder blades as: a grey- 
cijuired so much as; in the grey 
nice. A model of a stud fox- 
und behind his shoulders thirty 
ihe elbows should be straight, 



e.l into the chest; foreleg 
ot, as if one bone, but of 

from the pasterns the foot 
might and round like; the 

all through; rigid-backed 
it to the eye; it should be 
bs, but short in the flank; 
arlers, where set into loin, 
tied well up, but 



a squirrel's, not feathered; coat thick and smooth. 
There are different colors, the pie, black and tan, tan and 
white, and blue grizzles. 



Head.. 
Neck . . 
Lega. 



,l\a; 



la Shoulders 15 

5 Bail; in 

in Loin Ill 

15 I lie :i -ii i;.: It r- I.") 

SI. in 5-100 



Dogs on i it ! . Show JSkncii.— The Queens County Agri- 
cultural Society, situated at Mineoln, L, I., and adjoining 
the late purchase of Mr. A. T. Stewart at (Janlen City, will 
hold their annual exhibition of horses, Cattle, Ate, mi Oc- 
tober 7lh, Sth, and 9th. There are also, we understand, 
several premiums to be awarded for sportsmen's dogs, such 
:ts the pointer, setter, cocker, and oilier breeds. This is 
the tir.st sociery to take upwiihihis new and interesting 
feature, and indicates, as we have repeatedly stated in this 
journal, that before many years have elapsed, Ihe showing 
Of sportsmen's dogs on the bench or in Ihe kennel, and the 
running of pointers and setters at field l rials, will draw 
together an assembly of Held sportsmen that will astonish 
the inauguralor. 

— The new apparatus for drowning dogs was tried at the 
Pound last week With success. It consists of an iron cage, 
large enough to hold thirty dogs, and is lowered into the 
water by a large crane attached to a derrick. 



— A gentleman from Pittsburg, Pcnn., f.sks us the fol- 
lowing questions : 

What are the requisite, colors of the pure Gordon setters ! 
Are they ever red ? What dogs were they bred from origi- 
nally '< ■ 

Answer: The general opinion is the Gordon setter owes 
its origin to Irish blood, which in a measure is substantiated 
by the fact thaf red pups often make their appearance, even 
wdien bred from the most reliable strains, and there is no 
doubt that setters in general were originally manufactured 
from the spaniel; but whether the color of the Gordon is 
derived from the black spaniel or the Scotch colley, is a 
query that cannot now be easily answered. The curl in 
his coat could not have resulted from his taking the water. 
A curly coal is a great fault in the setter of any breed, anr 1 , 
Id be dead against one on the show bench. 

Auocs.-A, <;.i . August |9 . 



£ni 



i havi 



eyespots-s 

marks of a er. 
I have a little 
:hocolate brown 



id Stream:— 

much gratiiicatior 
deb came lately i 
e, and desire i 
eested bv ihe 



from slray uuiubri of your en- 

my way, that 1 feel impelled to 

to suy something on a tew rnnriers 

per, I see some mention made of 

spaniels, and one correspondent writes of "a very flue 

pup asniall. liveieolor.il lillle .hup. nitb Ian feet and 

iroughbred undoubtedly." in another place a springer 

■a splendid retriever for dock.' Now, what are the 

on the bead, back and stem: mottled like a thrush on 
the shoulders ar.d flank-. With bright tan spot- over the eye.-, and feet of 
slighter tab; long, silky cars, end a tall feathered like a setter: fond of 
water and retrieves well, though altogether untrained. Brora the de- 
scription can you say mint kind of a dog tbieis! Von refer also to otter 
hounds. Are there any in thus country? Tviioni;. 

The "cocker" is considerably smaller than Ihe springer, 
and is a light working, active dog, showing far more live- 
liness in his actions, lie carries his tail low and works it 
more quickly than the "springer." They are generally of 
a rich liver color. From a description of 'your dog we 
should say she was a Norfolk sptuiiel springer, but do not 
understand the tan mark i, tin .1. ■■ . SOfPe of her ancestors 
were Gordons, dwarf fox lioimil or beagl There are 
UO otter home!-' : - \ i. ',!■.,.-, tjr lieard of. 



1 Canada until October first, Sal- 
w Bronswli k until September IS, 

n -.-'i-iiri till September 13th, 

—With the 1st day of September, the angling season for 
trout practically ends. Common sense admits it: the in- 
terests of anglers demand it; and the domcsui 
of the lish require it. We Shall therefore strikg 
from our bulletin of fish in season. There are some locali- 
ties, however, in which trout spawn late, and in Muiiie and 
Canada fishing is permitted by law until 1st of October. 
Generally, the sport has been abundant and well enjnyed, 
although the season was late and rainy in northern New 
York and the Kastern States, and the streams much swollen. 
Reports agree that tt-otit are increasing in size and number 
"throughout the country, and not diminishing^ Some very 
large fish have been taken, though we have not heard (if 
any weight sufficiently heavy to be regarded as fictitious hy 
those who question the extreme limit to which the SfUrno 
fonUnalig attains. We also note with satisfaction less dis- 
position on fh.0 part of anglers lo gunge 1 heir success by 
numbers instead of size, and attribute the fact partly to 
the education anglers are acquiring through journals like 
the FoTtF.sT ant) Stuk.ut, and to the growing dislavor with 
which the capture of fingcrlings is regarded. In a word, 
the tendency is everywhere conservative, and the increas- 
ing interest wliich IB felt in the maintenance of our ang- 
ling streams is evidenced by the constant organization of 
now clubs for their protect ion. 

After the loth of September, the salmon-beguiler must 
put aside his rod. Indeed, indulgence is given to this date 
in the Province or Xew Brunswick only, fishing being for- 
bidden in ihe rest of the Dominion after the 1st prox. 
Consequently, we chalk salmon from our bulletin. 

Thereports ol bur salmon fisheries from all localities 
where full protection is afforded is most gratifying, the rim 
of fish being larger tend more abundant. Famous catches 
have been made in Canada, especially in the rivers Resti- 
gouche and Miramichi, and Oil Ihe Gftspe peninsula, in 
the York, Grand, Dartmouth, Si. John, and Cascapediac 
rivers. American rods have been quite numerous at their 
several pools, and the Canadians seem to have no feeling 
toward American lessees except that of good fellowship 
and amity. We would consider it a great favor if our 
friends wiio have lately returned would tarnish us with 
their scores. Their publication would interest those who 
are curious to compare notes, as well as the rest of the iiiig- 
ling fraternity. 

As to our own waters, we are looking to them Willi re- 
newed hope, and doubtless shall have encouraging reports 
to offer at the end of next season. Land locked salmon 
have been abundant in the Maine waters, both at Sebec and 
the Schoodics. The fishing for these will conlinue until 
September loth. 

—Messrs. C. A. Robertson and W. F. Bunting, of St. 
John, with two friends from the Stales, had very fair suc- 
cess this season on ihe southwest branch of the Miramichi 
River, in New Brunswick. They made their first camp at 
Burnt Hill Brook on June 36th. Three of the parly left 
on the 13th of July, but 3Ir, Bunting remained with his 
two guides until the 27th. Up to the time of his com- 
rades' departure all had very fair success, Mr. Robertson 
killing five salmon in the afternoon, the largest of which 
weighed twenty-five pounds. It measured forty inches in 
lengfli, and the guides asserted that it was the largest sal- 
mon that had evei been killed with the fly in that brnneh 
of the Miramichi. The first grilse was taken July 10th. 
After the 13th the run of fish improved, and Mr. Bunting 
had the sport all to himself, his score at the end of his visit 
footing up sixty-two salmon, weighing To!) pounds, and 
eighteen grilse, weighing fifty four pounds. This is said 
to be about as good a result as was ever shown by one (jjfji- 
erinan within Ihe same space of time on thai river. The 

southwest has been well preserved 'lie last two or three 

years, and although there is still much poaching it is rap- 
idly becoming a splendid salmon stream, and the record uf 
this year's sport is very fine. It is it noble river, as full of 
beautiful spots lo the artist's eye as Of poolsfor the fjshiii!- 
man's rod. 

By the way, tie gi tltl man who sends us these facts, and 
who was one of the parly, thinks the Canadian Government 
might afford the river even a much more thorough protec- 
tion than it now does, although admitting the gratifying 
improvement in that respect over past years. Since the 
year 1S70 the river has been leased to several gentlemen, 
who take great interest in its preservation, and who have 
expended their time and means in staying the work of de- 
struction. The presence of these lessees and their friends 
on the river during ihe fishing season, since the commence- 
ment of the time of the lease, has doubtless had a benefi- 
cial and salutary effect. If is impossible, however, for 
these genilemen to prevcnl spearing and netting alto- 
gether, and tlifl Government ought not to relinquish (heir 

owti guardianship, which ils own overseers are in duly 
hound to exercise. A letter in the Si. John Glolm, upon 
this very subject, - 

notnridi - thai una r . ■ ' i btt officials nnluwfnl acts 

lite r;i/ii."l a rjrtinlt) fl irrtxl Itnm ill I .- 

byl imet flugl '•;.,,', ,,, LMr . 



FOREST AND STREAM, 



39 



rm even n [i lei I he lime when the Salmon are OD the BpuwninizgJOlvndB. 
If the attention of the Department of Marine and Fitflieriue Was directed 
to this important remitter, we believe that immediate steps vt-ODld be taken 
to compel the officers appointed for tin- protection of the tivci to perform 

■ ■ .1 in event of their failing to rloso,to afsehnrgi Chew i 

appoint others whov.iil be muiy prompt and faithful. 

The Alirnmicbi River, with fair play aftd propel 8tti i rTUunn 
>8t salmon river in Hew BrnnaWMk— perhaps in the Domin- 
ion. W. are told that in years gone Dj the wet-lit or the Ball lahen in it 

, , M ciaath»661h0iCKCS»g,qttehenrC)iiieap»llac 

is no reason why, with propel- protection, it should not regain its old 
ttandard, 

—In tlie Jordan River, Charlevoix county, Michigan, 
our old friend 6. C. Clarke lately captured a .,'; pound 
!/ra.i/Uvg, which is double the Weight we overheard of. This 
stttteMaeflt is authentic in all respects- Mr, Clarke says of 
the .Jordan: — 

[[ i s ii wild and lu-uiiiifiil river, with water a- cold US icO, and if !. ! 
alone n few years i; wnnld affui 1 splendid Hilling;. I n-ci very email grey 
Hies; Hie water bciiiEj extremely, clear, fconld do nothing with bright BMs, 
tjr large Ones. Itliasbcoi) doubted by some whether Hie two-species, 
(trout *nd grayling) are found together, ant 1 MoE tUOiri rroin the same 
hole with Hie same east of Mo*. The Jordan i. -.-■ (I sartdy Bottom: arid 
the grayling are io he seen lying Ineohoole orr too -and bars; but they 
have been so mr/ch persecuted by the net and -; 
shj ii i- -..id h; [he resident fishermen and gulden tluit the grayling 
spawn at the -aim- lime a- ii... ti - inber, and they say they 

have taken n. cm tin last of August Ml Of esgs. I think some of imii; to 
the An sable, or in- headwaters of the Muskegon, to try again fonhe 
grayling afler these great boats have subsided. 

— i[mv little those of us who have travelled most exten- 
sively, know ol' Hie wilderness richness of this great Amer- 
ican domain'. Gradually our corn-so. mdems open up its 
in azures to our view. Perhaps there is no region whose 
attractions are less widely known than that herein de- 
scribed by our contributor, Dr. I. H. Stearns. There is 
pood fishing here iu abundance, and plenty of woods, 
rocks and water: 

"The counties of Adams, Juneau, and Sank, near the centre of Wis- 
consin, contain a tract with a collection of pinnacles crags and cliffs, 
with hills, lakes and rivers unsurpassed anywhere in this country. This 
point may be reached by a few hours' tide from Mjlvvauki i ■. and a dosen 
hours' ride fi"n ' - i'-om Chicai-o. the P-ini-twill :,'. :' .■ . V- 

cagp and Northwestern Railroad for Anleman's Station, or Kilhourn, 
sixteen miles beyond. From Milvi tmkee, yon take the Mil. and St. Pan 1 
Tvailroad. 

Running cast and West is tin? Barrabo River, and there is a gorge 500 
feet deep and half a mile wide, called the "Dells of Wisconsin." Ko 
such scenery is found cast of the Mississippi. Near the middle of this 
winding, cavernous cannon, with its rocky terraces and in; sterinne pht- 
nacles. is situated "Devil's Lake," a STilplluroua nam.-, translated from 
the Indian cognomen, expressive of their si.perstiiion that this cavern 
was the abode of some mysterious goblin. Hire in a good hotel, and a 
few days' fishing and boating, and clambering over the crag* and cliffs 
would be most charming. About lifteen miieswe-i -a .'I'mmrian's mm 
pass the divide and reach the streams running west, whore brook trottl 
can he found. In the streams running east you find pi-kerel and liuss. 
Above the lake, some fifteen miles, is Kilbourn, where you will find 
a little 



wild a 



intic 



The 



•Irter. 






enery. Northwest is a 
land out in bold relief, 
cries which sleep in un- 
■ rule crack. WiS- 



in the distance, and secluded islands 
and with legendary caverns, to give 
can float down stream through miles 
broken wilderness, where startling i 
and inviting the camping out party t 
disturbed repose, all unawakencd by 
cousin is yet to become a great summer resort. With its Milwaukee, 
Soldiers' Home. Waukcesha, and oilier medicinal springs, and its Adi- 
rondack de'ls and its wild and glorions scenery at the north angle of 
Luke Superior in the Ncpigon region, where lofty cliffs fewer thirteen 
hundred feet above the lake*, which are tilled with the fines! trout, the 
advantages offered to tourists must Ue more and more appreciated as 
they become better known." 

Rakgeley Lakes, jfacwp. — A party from Washington, 
D. C, visited the falls of the Cupsuptuc one day the past 
week, and captured 143 troul, six of Hie number weighing 
from a pound to one and a half pounds each, and they 
were all taken on the rapids above the "Jam." The day 
was cloudy, with occasional showers, and deer were seen 
on the borders of the lake on returning to camp. The 
black flics and mosquitoes are still very annoying, and lite 
weather has been warm, with occasional heavy thunder 
storms, accompanied by very sharp lightning. 

— Canada West is celebrated for its black bass fishing, 
but there is certainly not in any part of America a region 
where these fish abound in such quantities as in the Mtis- 
koka country. Last week at Lake Couchiehing, three New 
Orleans visitors caught sixty in two hours and a half, aver- 
aging three aud a half pounds apiece. Tlie fish in this sec- 
tion run very large. Why don't sirne of our anglers run 
up there for a fortnight. See advertisement in this journal. 

— Fred Day, of Cedar Rapids, Iowa, has been out hshing 
again. He writes: — On Saturday, 15th, was above the 
dam; in four hours caught twenty-one rock bass. On I he 
17th, down the river, two of us caught thirty-seven black 
bass. Next day four of us took seventeen black bass and 
one pickerel from under a tree that had blown into the 
river; but not being wholly satisfied two of us tried it nu 
witwel. We stripped off our clothes aud went into the 
river with our tackle. Then you should have seen us lighting 
fish, horse flies, and mosquitoes! Phew, shark fishing is 
nowhere! In one hour w-e took forty-four pike perch, and 
one black bass that weighed four pounds and six ounces 
good. Another fisherman caught forty-one black and rock 
bass up river on Monday, so that the total catch of the 
three days reached 103 fish, fishing only an average of four 
hours each day." 

— Representative anglers from half the States in the 
Union, and several of the Provinces, have visited the Nepi- 
gon this summer. 

— Rev. C. Hull Everisi, of Brooklyn, lias just returned 
l'rom the Muskoka and Mugm-tc-wau region. He reports 
deer in great abundance, tmd trout, and buss unlimited. 

— A-B to sea fishing, (here lias been a lull in sport for the 
past .month along the north Atlantic. And wind wonder'/ 
During Ibe- whole of Juno and part Of July great bluetish 



ng their spawn and the Voting fry. 
' Fishery Commission, with their 
. testing the odtjan depths several 
■ly able in obtain food enough lor 
ng but disgusting skate Ball, mo- 
mnders, that wriggled through the 
efft 



in order 
nd multi- 



appeared in millions along the New Jersey eoasl, scouring 
the. inlets and bays, pillaging, devouring, extirpating every- 
thing finny that came in their palh, and seizing so raven- 
ously the bare, unbailed squid of the trailer chatsingle 
persons were able to capture upwards of L.000 pounds per 
day! They swooped down upon lire gathering shoals Of 
estuary fish, and scattered ll.cm to the four quarters of the 
ocean, chopping up millions as they went, and mutilating 
without mercy. They threw their trenchant masses Upon 
the migratory fishes as they worked to the northward, and 
drove Ihe shad by hundreds high and dry upon the shore; 
themselves so iutent in Iheir pursuit that men and women 
waded into the surf and dragged them QUI with rakes and | 
hoes! Scarcely any kinds of fish Bsqaped excepl the |iot- j 
torn fish, and tlie great chunky shee-pshead, which securely \ 
Bracked their> clams on their feeding grounds while eommo- j 
tiou wetil on above. Next the blue liveried Bedouins made J 
a dash for the northern waters, aud played havoc wilh the j 
mackerel off the coast of .Massachu.-ells, driving ilit-ni sea- J 
ward and ashore, and chopping up millions of other fish of i 
all kinds, and swall 
Even the Unit, d Stales 
pound nets and IrawL- 
tiuies daily, were scare 
Iheir mess table. Noth 
lusks, and grovelling tl 

mud and weeds, rewarded their efforts. What wonder fish- 
ing has been slack, or thai the market slabs have been re- 
cruited from far anil wide, lo obtain Iheir very remarkable 
assortments or food Ball? Prof. BalrcL in his late report, 
estimates that 100,000,0011 bluefish range the waters along 
our coast; lhal Ihey mutilate or devour twenty other; fish 
per day; that they destroy spawn additional in quantity 
sufficient to make the aggregate destruction 13,000,000,000 
per day. What they can tip in the 150 days of their an- 
nual reign of terror can be easily arrived at by an ordinary 
mathematician; but figures will only express it — the human 
mind cannot conceive it. 

And now Ihe choice fish that amuse the scientific angler 
are beginning to come again. How their depleted ranks 
are recruited so quickly we know not; whether they 
filled by forced drafts upon theinnumerablere 
to work out their Creator's decree to "inerea 
ply," or whether the number of the fish in the sea is really 
so ya/rt that billions cannot be missed out of the great ag- 
gregate! There is a very fair run of weaktish from Barne- 
gatloNew York Bay, and along Long Island lo Nan- 
nickel; striped bass make a good show at their habitual 
stamping grounds along the Rhode Island and Massaclru- 
, ;, - ' caste; sheepshead and blackfish fill up the bulletin. 

All along the piers in our harbor the gamins and raga- 
muffins are intent on catching "snapping mackerel," or the 
infant generation of those same predacious bluefish — and 
when the biting slackens Ihey fill in the interval by pitch- 
ing stones and bits of coal at each other's lines, or tossing 
each other playfully off the dock. There is good sport in 
taking these voracious little fish with the. lightest possible 
tackle, a rod and line, reel, diminutive float, wilh shrimp 
for bait. 

— Weakfish are running iu the "Swash" down the Lower 
Bay, two to four pounders, and the catch from 50 to 100 
per day each man. 

—On Saturday night last, fishing by moonlight, two 
members of the Jackson Club, Highlands, X. J., in two 
hours, off tUB Marl Bock, Shrewsbury River, captured, with 
rod and reel, eleven weaklish weighing thirty-nine pounds; 
largest fish, five pounds, plump. Soft crab used fur bait 
and tide half ebb. 

— The fish in market this week, with their prices, are: — 
Miramichi salmon, 40 cents; Hyanis bluefish, very abund- 
ant, 6 and 8 cents; sheepshead, large supply, from Little 
Egg Harbor, 15 and 18 cents; Spanish mackerel, fair sup- 
lily, 35 cents, and not so abundant this summer as last; 
live black-fish, 15 cents; pompano, a few, from the Chesa- 
peake, GO cents; Striped bass, scarce, from Rhode Island, 
35 cents; soft crabs, Jerse;; and Loug Island, very abund- 
ant at $1 and $1.33 per dozen; green turtle, liberal supply, 
IS and 30 cents. 

—Mr. Eugene Blackford, of Fullon Market, received last 
Tuesday from New Dorp, State.u Island, a fine specimen 
of tarpum, which, at tin request of Professor Baird, was 
forwarded to the Fish Commission at Noank for their 
study. 

" —Bass fishing at Basque Island, Buzzard's Bay, has been 
good this season, and it has been greatly enjoyed by the 
fishing club located there. The largest bass caught weighed 
fifty-two pounds, and another fifty pounds. Mr. Dona- 
hue caught live large ones in au hour on Tuesday. 

—While Gen. Abbott aud his assistants were testing tor- 
pedoes in the bay near WilleU's Point the other day, a 
school of porpoises passed over; the General just turned 
on the electrical current, and directly there was an explo- 
sion, a surge and eruption of the waves, and three dead 
porpoises, measuring eight feet long, floated upon the stir- 
face. Bystanders thought it was an accident, but the Gen- 
eral says' he did it on parpoixc. 

BuiMai.vr Inlet, August 21st, Iffi-L 
Burros Porss'j and Stream:— 

Since my lust letter no Im-gU catcb of lisll. Weak fishing at tile "Ell 
Iriuice," iiml Hi wlcc is known us the rteeil Ituucb, bus given tlie lishcr- 
ni, in -"iiii- -I...1.. A sellout ol'liluelisll e:ilue ill I he Inlet 1 lie lit her il:iy, 
ftn d tln.se who were loituunte enough til throw ant Ihe squi.l ill Hie riglll 
lime wen mn.ilv ivpunl, A Jollty with Clint. John Kclh cinlght sei'ent.v- 



gliiswep ([a gfeoire.'JiHuuleiitf. 



governing r 
(llimtimi. 



■ek Mel 



ill llll> 






I'M . Ileum II. Of Barm-gUt, IimiI; Iwenty-nne oil Tiles 
sell buss lire ciiueht evi ry day nt Ihe Inlet, Your h 
out Willi "Djid" l'urker, tin: rinuons ll-heriniiii, in id in 

M (111 1 '■■■ Illll ' f I'lliekll: ||, '-e;l bass, |l |"CW (llll'^i' 

wenkllsli, to irs, 



A. i . 5.., Byc.r3 Station, Ohio.— Wliat size shot is most effective: in 
shooting pigeoiifi from traps! Ana, Nd. s. 

Shootist, Wheeling. -Will yon please specify. [( possible, where the 
tools mnl implement;, of archery can be p rch .- I; also rules ivguleting 

eamoS Ans. Peck & Snider, tsfi Sasenn -■-, et, K, Y. 

if. K. E..Elizabutli, N. ,1.— I'nn you tall from whom I can purchase a 
go ..] Srolch icrrier nrdanilic dinmom.5 Ans. \\Y J,, n ,, t ItnoW; An 
:nlvrlli.-ci:l. tit ,11 .-mall cost would pi cbably scceii OUC 

Cmiipo-.-. st I .a". Worildan eight months' old sector bitch be to" 

... lie \": but it will require a good nciil more 
patience and study of the dtspodllon of the uniin.il. However, "u i- 

S l.. itsx -Wlial : :..:■■ ■■ hi -lb : ie-i toi lranpJr«i tterand 

beaver .-ouibof ihe M Rivers! An-. The Bine Ridge 

Mouin o.-ii where ti ey cross the States of Virginia. West Virginia, 
North CiUOlll a -u. J 'I'e.in. --.■,-. 

I..--, i-. p.: '■■. k.'. Please Ipttneknow where one can buy funis ,t 
Harvey pow.h r, wh.r i.- the pn.-e per pound, and what is trtn boat sizu 
f,,r . [noil iShdOtiOgS Aiw lint is ,v. II. u icy )iowder is very scarce i_ the 
miirkei i,i pio.-vnl . 'I'll e price is J! .".n pol pound and Ihe size No tl 

Onixii'^ -Mll.i.s. Ihetimoie.-Do you ihiiih a 560 breech loader can lie. 

purchased: also, what cd foro brooch loader 7i Vai. weight, 
38-inch barrel, i"ou plight W get a very fai* can for the 
leation ' ■ ■ ' : ••: and i oz. of shot. 

11. M . lho-leng - What :- :he uu.-i "killing charge -Orange powi'.cr 
and -hot. Tor a pill-lire No. IU and ltd inch gun. I'or squirrel? Alls. :; 
drachms and J oz. No. ? shot. For dnaitf Ans, ;i drachms and H oz. 
No. s. Forducki Ans. ■' and 1 J on. No. it. Shall i ase Ely's wire 

eurU'idge, and 8U411 I ISeShol eeiitralors! , Ans. Yes; if you are an 

expert. 

[•.Li.-Ti:i:i:n ]-">:i:i\ -The beat remedy for blistered toot, as ^ivuu to OS 
by O. h. W., Of Weston, Vermont, an old Mexican war veimaii. i- a 
coat ihe Inside of yoni sooSa [woolen are beat),from the ankles down- 
three days, by which time the feet will become hardened. Ii ., i ,,, 
ly well as a preventive. 

Titos. P. f AS'nvEU., Biaiuci'il. Minn.— A friend Of mine has a superb 
pair of bal rl eagles, male and female. Ilo you know anybody who would 
Ii!,-,. p, buy iln in - Ana. Write to Chas. Keichc, jj c'liaihaui stieei. or 
i , i.,a.- Rnh ,981 haOiam street, Kew Torfc Tiny deal in all kinds or 
animals. Ftfraonaltj we k,u.» of no one at present who wants bald 
eagles. Gold eagles are always in demand here. 

O. G. 11. , Boston. -fan you inform a subscriber where he can preeui ■ 
a good setter dog abont livo years old, to be of good stock ami well 






W 



to give adviee aa to Bloi '■-. &c, 
A rjTjBaCKiBilB, Savannah, Sa.— Where can I «et a map or the u-oaat of 

Georgia— that is, one with die inlelsand islands d, tinitel.v laid down, and 
plain enough for an umaleiir lis), erman lo rind bis way to the different 
islands and fishing ground- aloi'ig the eoaatf Ans. Colton, irii William 

♦thing aceinate 



-, Leek, 



irNas- 
st, Simons, 



mil half a dozer 



uiid tope 

pmvidial 

A. II. 

while in 
valed gr 



in conliucuiellt. 

DVuiMAiT, Missouri -In our Slate Iheieis a piovisicm that netting or 
napping tlinll not ho aonean any lime, except on one's own limd! or 

person may, at anv time, kill on iii- .malum...: -.-,. .,-:„.,. parifOUi! 
ofiitin , . Kfl=S=. T»: '^' i ' ; 1 '. ,' ',,'!' ,';'' ! '' "' '." ; ' i '' l; 

, M iSti:::i;m May 11. vol. 3, page '-'11 l.awis foiinded'ou eoiumon sen.-.. 

•[-!,,. hum, I. I .f all well draw a law -is evident on their face, ('lime , ,,,. 
evasions thai BOCure success may be sharp practice; Ihey may be good 
logic, nut they are not goad law. Game is to be killed i ■:„:,, . 



■ i at -e.k Bie who, whei 



ml 



wderyo, 



Try Lallin & Tlanrl'r- or Hazard ml. Wh.u ti ihe. fare rrc.m here to Al- 
bert Lea, Miuu., by what road, and could I find some sportsman there to 
hunt wilh, it I conclude to take the trip? Ans. About $30. The. near- 
est way is to go by L.il'rosse, Wis., where you will find one or two sports- 
men-.' i Iu'i- v would bi glad to give yon further information. 



— While hunliiig ibieks around the Quadie Keservoir a 
few years iig'u, my host, air. Mills, shot at one a l.nig ili,- 
tnnee overhead," Ihe only result being u, few fcnlhers 
loosened. A parly of men, neighbors of .Mills', v-wre m 
work oh the road near try, and one of them asked .Mills if 
he hit him. "liit him ! Difltt't \">u -ei- the feathers fly." 
'Vi-.," s ;l ys another. "Ijiey (lew SO hard that ihey look 'ihe 
meal oil with them." 



■ -•Two. largo Newfoundland dogs, while fi.g;htiiig: a 
days since tit Niagara Kails, rolled over (he precipice, 
were bniii dashed to pieei s ou I b ooka below, 



few 
mid 



40 



FOREST AND STREAM. 







A WEEKLY JOURNAL, 



PUBLISHED Bi 

parent and J§treatn publishing ^om^atjg, 

17 CHATHAM STREET, (CITY HALL SQUARE) NEW YORK, 
[Most Officii Box 2S32.1 
125 SOUTH TIHRI'i STREET PH I I, \ IlKLPMA. 

COBB'S BUILDING. DEARBORN ST., CHICAGO. 



Tonus, FiiB Bollar.x a Year, Strictly In \dvnn<«. 

. . i..-,,i,u; i.i v. ■. ir or five copies and upwards. Any person 

..jii.lini. i; :,>-.■:! : i lr-.'.'i;.K.!ii-' ,!ini l.'t'ii Oi Hai H v. ill rcmie t: cop;; ui" 

Hallock'? "Piannin Tourist, 1 ' postage free. 



mpareil type, 12 line; 



3Ktr». - When- :idv;'rtHcmenl-i tire insem-d over 1 month, adiscount of 
10 per cent, will be made; over three months, 20 per cent; over sis 
months, 30 per cent. 



NEW YORK, THURSDAY, AUGUST »7, 1874. 



To Correspondents. 

All communications whatever, whether relating to business or literary 
correspondence, must he addressed to The Foekst and Stream Pub- 
lishing Company. Personal or private letters of course excepted. 

All communications intended for publication must be accompauied with 
real name, as a guaranty of good faith. Names will not bo published if 
Objection be made. No anonymous contributions will be regarded. 

Articles relating to any topic within the scope of this paper are solicited. 

We cannot promise to return rejected manuscripts. 

Secretaries of Clnbs and Associations are urged to favor us with brief 
notes of their movements and transactions, as it is the aim of this paper 
to become a medium of useful aud reliable information between gentle- 
men sportsmen from one end of the country to the other ; and they will 
llnd our columns a desirable medium for advertising announcements. 

The Publishers of Forest and Stream aim to merit and "secure the 
patronage and countenance of that portion of the community whose re- 
fined intelligence enables tnem to properly appreciate and enjoy all that 
is beantirul in Nature. It will pander to no depraved tastes, nor pervert 
the legitimate sports of land and water to those base uses which always 
t.find to make them unpopular with the virtuous and good. No advertise- 
ment or bnsiness notice of an immoral character will be received on any 
terms ; and nothing will be admitted to any department, of the paper that 
may not be read with propriety in the home circle. 

We caunot be responsible for the dereliction of the mail service, if 
monoy remitted to us is lost. 

Advertisements should he sent m by Saturday of each week, if possible. 
CHARLES HALLOCK, Managing Editor. 

WILLIAM C. HARRIS, Business Manager. 



CALENDAR OF EVENTS FOR THECUR- 
RENT WEEK. 

Friday, August 38th— Trotting "meeting Earieville, III.— Trotting 
me-eting. Hartford, Conn.— Trotting meeting, Gardiner, Me.— Trotting 
meetinn, Manchester, N. H.— Trotting meeting, Warwick, N. Y — Trot- 
ting meetin?, Hazleton, Perm.— International regatta, Saratoga. N, Y. 
—Trotting meeting, Deerfoot Park, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Satubdat, August Mb.— Concord vs. Nameless B, B. C, Prospect 
Park. Brooklyn— Fly-away vs. competing clubs, Oneida, N. Y.— Inter- 
national regatta, Saratoga, N. Y.— Long Branch races. Monmouth Park, 
N. J,.— St. George cricket club, Hoboken, N. Y.— Practice day boat 
clubs, Harlem, N. Y. 

Monday, August 31st.— Fly-away vs. StarB. B. C, Catekill, N. Y.— 
International regatta, Saratoga, N. Y. 

Tuesday. September 1st.— Trotting, meetings at Syracuse, Bath. N. 
Y.- Biver Falls, Wis., Goshen Park, N. Y., Providence, R, I., Boston, 
Mass., Knoxville, Sycamore, and Macomb, HI. 

Wednesday, September 2d.— Trotting meetings at Syracuse, Bath, 
N. Y., River Falls, Wis., Gosheu Park, N. Y., Providence, R.I. .Boston, 
Mass.', Knoxville. Sycamore, and Macomb, 111.— Provincial Rille Asso- 
ciation, Sussex, N. B.,D. of C. —Match day, Hoboken cricket grounds, 
foot of Ninth street. 

Thursday, September 3d. —Trotting meetings at Syracuse, Bath, N. 
Y., River Falls, Wis., Goshen Park, N. Y., Providence, R. I., Boston, 
Mass., Knoxville, Sycamore, Macomb, 111.— New York Caledonian 
games. Lion Park, N. Y— Regatta ot amateur oarsmen, Laureate course, 
Tory, N Y. 



Our Frontier Officers. — Our readers are indebted to 
our army officers upon the frontier, for almost, the entire 
fund of information which this journal has been enabled to 
furnish respecting our great Western Territories. Every 
post, almost, has furnished some contribution of absolute 
value, as to the flora and fauna, Indian life, and the habits 
of the wild characters one meets with on the Plains and 
among the Mountains. Such rugged annals of Frontier 
Life, if written and compiled, would make a volume of far 
manlier literature than the namby painby fictions of love 
aud stilted heroism which constitute the mass of the world's 
reading. We have now on hand fully a do/.eu of i.lu-m 
awaiting their honorable turn to be published in our 
columns, but still, our insatiable demand cries out for all 
it can set; and we trust that our generous friends will not 
lay down their pens under the impression that present re- 
pletion means everlasting satiety, for we must eat to live, 
and no sooner has one meal been dispatched than we must 
provide for the next, no matter how well gorged we may 
feel for the nonce, Comrades, attention ! 



THE PROTECTION OF GAME. 



Sj A f'1-.i.N OF CO-OPERATIVE LAWS. 

IN view of the approaching Convention at Niagara Falls, 
to devise some plan to provide by legislative enactment 
for the better protection of game, we deem it best tore- 
publish from the Forest and Stream of February 19th 
the resolutions, touching this very subject, which were 
adopted at the meeting of the American Fish Oulturists' 
Association, on the 11th day of the same month. A criti- 
cal examination thereof by the Niagara Falls delegates 
may expedite the business of their Convention, and elimin- 
ate many of the apparent difficulties which seem to beset 
this long vexed subject, it is more than probable that the 
scheme for legislative co-operation which underlies these 
resolutions has never met the eye of those whom it was in- 
tended to reach; for the official report of the Fish Culturists' 
meeting lies buried in the unpublished proceedings of the 
convention, while the then limited circulation of this jour- 
nal failed to give it wide-spread uotiee. That this scheme 
covers the ground practically and sagaciously, is evidenced 
by its endorsement by the eminent gentlemen composing 
that body, which iucluded naturalists, lishculturists, ang- 
lers and sportsmen from both Canada and the United 
States, with Prof. Baird, chief U. S. Commissioner, W". F. 
Whitcher, Commissioner for the New Dominion, Mr. Wil- 
mot, of Canada, Seth Green, and other practical men 
among the number. It would be unwise, then, for 
I lie delegates at Niagai a to ignore the action and recom- 
mendation of thai body; or, having the scheme presented 
to their examination, to give it cavalier treatment, the more 
especially that no other well-defined or outlined plan has 
ever been before the country. 

Moreover, the light which this scheme throws upon a 
subject with regard to which most persons have but a 
vague idea— we mean the precise kind of a remedy to ap- 
ply to existing evils and defects in the game laws — comes 
most opportunely, inasmuch as the Convention was called 
at a date so early (September 9tli) that insufficient lime has 
been allowed for a careful investigation and intelligent 
understanding of the subject. We are convinced that most, 
if not all, the gentlemen prominently connected with the 
issue of the call, now admit that it was premature and un- 
seasonable. Many sportsmen are absent in the field, es- 
pecially at the West, where grouse shooting at present en- 
gages their attention; but the chief cause of regret is, that 
the suddenness of the call found the country not wholly pre- 
pared for the questions before the Convention. 

Under these circumstances, we feel that we are doing- 
good service by reviewing the ground already gone over, 
and showing what actual progress has been made by the few 
who have given the subject their thoughtful attention. 
We reprint, (as we have stated in the beginning of this 
article,) from our issue of February 19th. 

\From our isme uf February 1WAJ. 

The editor of Forest and Stream having been im- 
pressed with the idea that a more general plan of protec- 
tion was necessary not only for fish but for birds and 
animals, took occasion at the meeting of the American 
Fish Culturists' Association to explain his views on this 
subject. It is an evident fact that but one general law, 
identical as to time of close seasons, can ever thoroughly 
protect the fish, birds or beasts of our country. It is per 
fectly possible to imagine a case where on a river of no 
great, length it may be illegal to catch fish fifty miles from 
its source at certain times in one State, when 100 miles be- 
low in another State the catching of such fish would in no 
way infringe on the fish statutes of that State. Again, 
since wo owe a great deal to the Canadian Fish Commis- 
sioners, it might frequently happen that rivers rising in 
the States and flowing into the Dominion might be depopu- 
lated of fish at their source by us while protected iu the 
Provinces, or that exactly the reverse might happen. A 
commercial question enters here iuto the subject which 
occasions no end of dispute and unfortunate consequences. 
Fish may be legally caught in one Stale at one particular 
season of the year, then snipped and exposed for sale in an- 
other State where the time for catching such fish may be 
against the laws, aud it becomes a uice question to decide 
whether the seller or the purchaser of the lish is actiug in 
contravention of the law. The editor thinks it poi led Im- 
possible, then, that laws should be enacted by ihe several 
legislatures, identical in character iu regard to close time, 
within certain zoms more or less extended. 1 f the resolution 
adopted by the Association, as suggested by Mr. Charles 
Hallock, could have been made eveu more compre- 
hensive as to detail, so as to include birds and animals, 
it would have even met his views more fully, but as the 
business of the convention was directed Only towards the 
subject of fish, it was thought wiser to leave to the sports- 
men's associations in the country the wider development, of 
this idea, to wit, of the enforcement of a more general and 
co-operative system of game legislation, 

The advantages of the proposed plan in regard to the 
naming of fish aud the identification of species is a mani- 
fest one. if among the game birds hardly any two Stales 
in the Union can" agree exactly as to what 'is a quail, a 
pheasant or a partridge, the confusion is worse confounded 
as to fish. Men who are doubtless innocent, who would, 
if they knew belter aid the Fish Commissioue.'S iu their 
arduous labors, violate the letter of the law from ignorance 
of Ihe name of the fish. 

Not a day passes but thai the Forest akd Stream is iu 
receipt of loiters coiniug from Maine to California, all 
bearing on these subjects, communications written not 
only by sportsmen but by those who look iuto this subject 
ot pisciculture in an economic sense, ami it was principally 
from their suggestions that the preamble and resolutions 
adopted by the Association were advanced. 

The following is the preamble and resolution offered and 
accepted by the Convention of the American FteU Cultur 



ists' Association, with Mr. Hallock's remarks on presenting 
them : 

"I beg to bring to your notice a subject admitted lo be of 
the greatest, importance, though I doubt whelher it comes 
fully within the scope of this association; but having heard 
one of your most distinguished members yestersday assert 
thai, "protection must go hand in hand with propagation, 
and that all efforts in breeding fish will be nullified by 
neglect to protect the young fish and fish in spawn by judi- 
cious legislation and 'wardenship," I am encouraged to 
speak. We set the highest value upon provisions and pen- 
alties to prevent the use of nets, aiant powder, i?><v/lv.i indi- 
c-us, ami other devices for the wholesale and indiscriminate 
catching of fish, and for the taking of gravid and spent Hsu 
and all unseasonable, fishing whatsoever, and for the means 
devised lo prevent poaching in private or public waters, and 
for all those wholesome restrictions intended to govern 
angling on leased and open rivers, lakes and streams. All 
these go far towards the consummation of the main object 
desired to he accomplished, but it is evident thai the im- 
perfect operation of ihe existing laws and the great loop- 
hole of escape for transgressors lies in the fact that game 
and fish taken in one Slate may be sold in the markets of 
another State with impunity. 

What is needed, therefore, is such a co-operalion of 
Stares as will procure Ihe enactment of a law which shall 
make it illegal to expose for sale in the markets of one 
State fish illegally taken in another Slate within the periods 
for which their taking is prohibited in such States. Some 
such measure is by universal consent acknowledged to be 
necessary, and we are pleased to observe that a draft of a 
bill with this object in view has been presented to the Leg- 
islature of Massachusetts by the Massachusetts Angling 
Association, of which \)v, J." P. Ordway is the very earnest 
and efficient President, and that the works and efforts of 
this society have been endorsed by the Fish Commissioners 
of Maine; and 

Whereas, The Commute of ihe said Anglers' Associa- 
tion has, in a series of resolutions, invited the co-operation 
of their sister Slates, and urged the formation of similar as- 
sociations for this purpose; therefore be it 

Boohed, That it is the special province of the American 
Fish Culturists' Association, composed, as i( is, of ihe Slale 
Fishery Commissioners, ami the leading Fish Culturists of 
the co"untrv, to promote aud encourage, either within or 
outside of its own body, the formation of a similar society 
to that of Massachusetts, aud for the like objects. Also", 
in view of the difficulty that has hitherto attended the iden- 
tification of species by a confusion (if 'oeal names whereby 
we are unable lo distinguish by the vernacular a trout from 
a black bass, a pike from a pickerel, aud a blue lish from a 
taylor fish, it is of the utmost importance that an uniform 
nomenclature be adopted to enable us to (kngnaie such 
species as may be named within aud coining under the pro- 
visions of any sumptuary act, so that the same be known and 
recognized in all those States included within the limits of 
said act. and that the better to decide upon and establish 
such uniform nomenclature a Otmimim-et Board of Re- 
ference be formed lo be composed of delegates, one from 
each naturalist's and sportsman's association in each State, 
whose qualifications shall be defined and determined by a 
convention composed of one delegate from each naturalist's 
and sportsman's association iu the States so co-operating, 
and the decision of which Board of Reference Of Committee 
shall be final. 

Following the heels of this resolution, we prepared a 

Comparative Table of Close Seasons, iu all those States 

where game laws exist, which we published on the 18th of 

March with the following explanatory comments appended : 

[From curiam uf March Vilh.] 

Herewith is given a comparative table of Close Seasons 
for all kinds of Game and Fish iu each State of Ihe Union 
.where protective laws exist, so that the reader can deter- 
mine at a glance, without the trouble of hunting through 
volumes of codified laws, just what particular bird, animal, 
or fish is excepted, or prohibited from being caught or 
killed, at any given month in the year. Its usefulness and 
labor-saving character iu-e apparent, lie who examines 
carefully, however, cannot, fail lo see how strangely the 
laws conflict, as respects the gam j of any given latitude, 
even in the States thai are contiguous and homogeneous in 
i heir flora aud fauna. The time and seasons often vary 
several weeks in localities that lie within the same geographi- 
cal zone and between the same parallels of latitude-. It is 
apparent at once what, opportunity is thus given to those 
who desire to evade the laws, either in the killing or selling 
of game, while to the well disposed and most earnest advo- 
cates of protection the jumble of heterogeneous and inter- 
minable legislation renders it. almost impossible to keep in 
mind, or even determine, when and where any particular 
kind of game is in season or out of season. 'More than 
this, within the general law of individual States are hun- 
dreds of special provisions, excepting this pond and that 
stream, and this county ami thai township, so that, there are 
prohibited districts, and close seasons within close seasons, 
that, render the confusion worse confounded, and defeat 
the efforts of those who seek the general welfare. And at 
each session of every Legislature some well meaning aud 
enthusiastic advocate of 'protection clamors for additional 
and more stringent measures. $o that il) 'be. midst of loo 
much legislation and too much protection we are likely lo 
defeat the ends we strive for. 

It is obvious thai the only remedy lies in co-operative 
legislation, aud in a simplified code. Nature has singularly 
defined her geographical belts, arid designated the animal 
and organic life that dwells within them. As certainly are 
the boundaries of the range of the duor and the habitat 
of the trout defined as are the varieties of food upon winch 
they feed. UmtUA 1'inirnt'ttnu.i ia nol found north of a. 
certain latitude, nor ihe Xnlmo fortinalk south of a certain 
latitude. The same is true ot the i lifted and pinnated 
arouse, the quail, the turkey, the moose, ami the antelope. 
What we need is one general enactment thai shall apply- 
to each of these geographical zones alike throughout its 
breadth ami extent,' or at least to extended sections of these 
zone-. Came law.- for Ohio need nut be the same as for 
Maine, but the laws protecting game in Maine, Vermont, 
and New Hampshire should be precisely alike, as the laws 
for Ohio, Kentucky, and Illinois should be the same for 
those particular Stales. To the Pacific coast the law of the 
Atlantic, would not apply, for the climates and seasons are 
different. Local laws would have to oe made for the moose 
and the big horn sheep, for iheir rauge is limited and fixed. 
For the nomadic bulla lo, which ranges through main de 



FOREST AND STREAM. 



41 



green OI latitude, and whose periods of coming and going 
are as regular and well known as the rotation of the plan- 
ets, special mid peculiar legislation is required. Never- 
theless, the general principle, as indicated can be easily 
applied. Under these provisions there would be no need 
of local or neighborhood laws, tor Hie game being thor- 
oughly protected throughout the whole State, the depleted 
and barren districts of that State would in time be replen- 
ished and restocked. Different laws for contiguous States 
are irrational, and as at present constituted, they are actu 
ally aiding to drive Out and exterminate the game instead 
of preserving it. If September is a close .season in one 
State, and October in the next adjoining, no end of trouble 
must result, ; witness tills case of the Governor of Missouri, 
who, when shooting near the border, happened to cross the 
line into Kansas, and was vcrv properlv arrested for an 
infringement of the law of the latter. There should be no 
difference between the laws of Kansas and Missouri, lor 
their climate and latitude and game are essentially the 
same. 

We have now MauO the facts and the necessities of the 
ease. We propose a practical application of the remedy, 
premising (and taking the highest English authority as 
judges of the question) that r ' it is a known fact that all 
the best measures for the protection of game, the most ju- 
dicious, not only for the sportsmen, but for those who gain 
llieir subsistence by shooting and fishing, must always ema- 
nate from those who shoot and fish for their pleasure/' 
Ordinarily, those who legislate, those who make the laws, 
are not practical sportsmen, or so well informed on the 
subject as to serve advantageously as scientific economists 
It is proper, therefore, that' the drafts of any bill or bills 
to be submitted to future legislative bodies should emanate 
from the sportsmen, naturalists, and fish sullurists of the 
country, who make our game aoimals, their habits, their 
protection, their pursuit, and their propagation a constant 
and intelligent study. The remedy, then, and its applica- 
tion, lies i'u the cooperation of all the scientific and accli- 
mating societies and sportsmen's clubs in the Union, and 
we are herewith encouraged by the Game Protective So- 
cie'y of JSTe* York, and the American Fish Culturists 1 As 
sociation of the United States (to both of which the scheme 
has been presented) to lay before all these clubs aud associ- 
tions the importance of calliug at an early day a conven- 
tion of sportsmen, naturalists, and culturists "to select a 
board of arbitration or reference, which shall prepare a 
suitable draft of a law to be pressed for passage upon the 
legislatures of the respective States, this reference to be 
final, the legislature to sit as a committee of the whole, and 
the bill to be either rejected or accepted unconditionally. 
Legislators who have the interests of the country , -if heart 
would not be jealous of their prerogatives in such cases ; 
indeed, they should be gratified to be relieved of the ardu- 
ous labor and responsibility of so important a measure. 
'We have received a great number of letters urging this 
movement for a general convention, details of winch will 
.soon be published, and we have no doubt that all clubs will 
readily fall in with it. 

On April lSKh we supplemented this article by the fol- 
lowing brief remarks concerning special legislation for 
separate localities in the same Stale : 

" They only confuse the conscientious Sportsman w bo is 

anxious 'to conform to statutes, and at the same • operate 

directly to defeat all general and sumptuary statues, by 
giving evil disposed persons a dozen loop-holes of escape from 
their penalties. Any one can very reasonably plead ignorance 
of the law, when there is a petty enactment Mr every sepa- 
rate lake, pond, and stream in" the Stale, and when even 
the freeholder cann >t tell what particular law governs his 
own private preserve. We trust to see some means soon 
adopted that will sweep this local legislation out of sight, 
and that a wholesome law for each State, aud a plan of co- 
operative laws for all the States will be framed, adopted, 
observed, and universally extolled. If special restrictions 
are required to extend close time or secure tolal prohibi- 
tion as to certain waters or districts, the duty should not 
be imposed upon the legislatures, but be assumed by those 
persons most immediately interested in the preservation and 
propagation desired, either through associations or indi- 
viduals." 

On May Tth we printed an extended legal opinion, pre- 
pared expressly for the Fokkst and Stubam by one of out- 
most eminent jurists, defining the operations ol game laws 
as governing trespass, and the rights of sportsmen aud 
property owners. This opinion covered one full page of 
this journal, aud is too long for republication here. If is 
sufficient for our purpose to state that it gives a legal guar- 
anty of the integrity and correct construction of our co- 
operative scheme in all its parts. 

Having thus fortified ourselves that the scheme was 
sound, practicable, sufficiently comprehensive to meet the 
requirements of the. case, we sought to obtain its endorse- 
ment by the New York City Society for the Protection of 
Game, a body which has beeu most efficient and remarka- 
bly successful in prosecuting offenders against the game 
laws — both those who killed and those who sold out of 
season. The scheme was submitted and endorsed, and 
resolutions seconding the call of the Fish Culfurist's Asso- 
ciation were referred to a proper committee, which reported 
as follows: 

•'The committee to which had been referred the resolutions 
offered by Mr. Charles Hallock in reference to a uniformity 
of the game laws, submitted the following report: that oil 
the examination of this subject they note the varying law:, 
that govern the protection of game,' and that the variations 
in the legal times of killing game do not depend upon 
the periods when the animals have ceased breeding, or 
upon the different climates which advance or retard incu- 
bation, as much as they do upon the accidental selection 
by the legislatures of the law of some other State or Ter- 
ritory as a model, in some instances the breeding season 
of some fish has been made the open season. In other cir- 
cumstances open seasons have been created for soug birds, 
which should never be allowed to be killed, as tor instance 
the brown thrush, iu section 10 of the law of our own Stale. 
But particularly we note the objection that adjoining 
States in the same latitude, and affected by the same 
climate, aud stocked by the same kinds of game, have dif- 
ferent, seasons in which they may be taken. The injury 
done by this is manifest It not only imperils the existence 
of the bird iu the State where it is "adequately protected, 



but, it renders nugatory, to a large degree, tne proper law 
in the adjacent Stale, because most of these laws are en- 
forced by prosecuting the venders of thegame, andif game 
killed according to law in one State is sold in another State 
where it is illegal, the vender can plead that, the game was 
killed in an adjoining State where the killing was lawful, 
and thus not only escape himself, but, render convictions 
under the law so uncertain that few will undertake the 
risks of prosecuting. It oftentimes occurs that the breeding 
place of some game be in one State, while the game in the 
auluinn moves to other grounds, as in the case of wood- 
cock, and a great temptation is thrown in the way of those 
who live near the breeding place, and know that iu a few 
days the birds will move off where they will be killed, and 
they not allowed to participate, in the chase. 

the reasons seem even stronger when applied to fish in 
rivers which run through several States, as, for instance, 
the Connecticut, which is liable to be fished by the citizens 
of four different States, any one of which could prevent, 
by their action the enjoyment of the fisheries by any of the 
others. 

There are certain zones of climate -where the birth and 
maturity of game are so nearly simultaneous that the same 
law could govern in all. Take, lor instance, the quail iu 
Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, 
Pennsylvania, Ohio, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, "Iowa, 
Wisconsin, and Minnesota. These birds are a staple game 
bird of great market value and field pleasure. 

Their incubating season niey van, between Central -New 
York and Maryland about two weeks, and in cither place 
will be advanced or retarded that much of time by the 
character of the season. In none of these places, however, 
do any laws propose to open the season at, the precise day 
when the birds are grown. .V reasonable margin of time i's 
made, extending from October 1st to February 1st. In our 
own Slate the open season is from October 20th to January 
1st. These Stales, on this subject, had their laws been uni- 
form as to times, would be perpetually aiding each other; 
now I hey arc the cause of stumbling and' uncertainty. 
Another matter which is essential to a, complete system of 
game laws is to have as many kinds of game as possible 
condenser] into thfl same close season. Bach State has not 
only varying limes to commence shooting the same game, 
but' also varying times to commence shooting the different, 
varieties of game. Thus in our own State the shooliug 
season for woodcock begins July yd; for quail, the 30fh of 
October; for partridge, the 1st of'September.; for starlings, 
the 1st of August. Country people do not carry these 
dales in their minds, and are led into error; and those seek- 
ing to enforce cannot tell whether a sportsman iu the earlier 
moulbs is pursuing legal or illegal -.-one, and there is a total 
absence of a fixed, definite lime in the public mind when 
field sports begin. 

The same irregularity iu our laws exists in those of the 
other States. No greater step in advance in these matters 
could be made than by having a fixed, permanent day when 
all shooting might begin. 

We cannot pass iu silence one general omission existing 
in the laws of all the Stales. No provision exists protect- 
ing the migratory birds that visit us in the spring of the 
ye.ii. English snipe, plover, dowitches, aud the many 
varieties of birds that enliven our beaches, are wholly un- 
protected by law, and are killed and sold in the nfarkets in 
April and May iu large quantities. When the spring is 
late, and the birds are delayed in their passage, they are 
found full of eggs, and sometimes are forced to nest w"ithiu 
the State. 

These birds should be protected in every State, no mat- 
ter where I hey are dying to, for they are the children of 
our common country, and arc- gladdening every part of it 
in their migrations. No rule is so good as the rule that no 
gun is lo be fired at birds or animals in spring or summer. 
Every reason of health to the eater, of abundance or sup- 
ply (if the article eaten, of justice to the animal when 
breeding or preparing to breed, pleads for the fullest and 
most comprehensive ami uniform laws in these malters, 
and therefore we submit the following plan and resolu- 
tions: — 



Whereas, The gene 
favor of the creation a 
tern which will secure : 
greater uniformity, ant 
the laws tot the protect 
inasmuch as a phut for 
operative legislation of 



sentiment of the country is in 
immediate adoption of some sys- 
the different Slates and in Canada 
nnseqtieiitiy greater efficiency in 
n and preservation of game, and 
curing these objects through co- 
ll the States was submitted to the 



American Fish Culturists' Association," and unanimously 
endorsed by it last February, and since then by other simi- 
lar bodies in various parts of the country. 

RtMl'Wd, That it is expedient and necessary to call a na- 
tional convention al the earliest date consistent with a care- 
ful and general scrutiny,) the scheme; and inasmuch as 
this body, the New Yor.i Society for the Protection of 
(lame, has already discussed it in session and submitted it, 
to legal gentlemen of experience for examination and se- 
cmi'itiis approval, we do hereby recommend and advise 
that a circular letter be addressed to each and all the sports- 
men's clubs, acclimating societies, natural history societies, 
and fish culturists' associations throughout the country, 
Wherever available, inviting an endorsement of the same, 
and requesting that a written notification oi such endorse- 
ment, signed by their respective Presidents anil Secretaries, 
be scut i.i the Secretary of this society, to be filed, and that 
the said loiters shall express the choice of location aud date 
of year at which the national convention shall be held, and 
if it shall be found upon examination at the cud of six 
months that the favorable responses are sufficiently numer- 
ous aud widespread to be regarded as representing the wish 
of the country, then a call shall emanate from this New 
York Society for the Protection of Game, designating such 
time aud place for the meeting of the Convention as shall 
appear to be the wish of the majority of the societies re- 
sponding. All of which is respectfully submitted. 

William C. Barrett, Chas. E. Whitehead, Chas. Hallock, 
Committee. 

May Wth, 1874. 

The report was adopted, arid ordered to be primed. 

In issuing this call, the New York Oily Society had no 
intention or desire to usurp any prerogative, but in the ab- 
sence of any other movement, or any indication of one, 
was ready to take the initiative. It will be observed that 
the selection of time and place to hold the Convention, was 
to be left to the choice of the clubs responding to the call. 
In this Way the sense of tho country tould readily be taken, 
an, I s.'rtieieio. time, ho allowed iu Uje interval to permit a 



careful examination of the general subject of game protec- 
tion, and of the proposed plan iu detail. Just at this junc- 
ture, it was very properly and in the most friendly way, 
suggested by John B. Sage, Esq., one of the officers of tho 
New York State Association, that in view of the approach- 
ing State Convention at Oswego, the call might with greater 
propriety emanate from that body, and thereby doubt- 
less have the greater weight. The concession was made with 
alacrity; the resolutions, committee's report, and formal 
circular, were forwarded by mail to the President and Sec- 
retary of the State Association, and a delegate was sent to 
Oswego to submit the Scheme (as adopted by the Fish 
Culturists and endorsed by the City Society) to the con- 
sideration of the State Association, in order that, the antic- 
ipated call might be projected upon its basis. Through in- 
advertence, and some informality in his credentials, the 
delegate was not admitted to the floor; the Scheme was not 
presented; and a call for a National Convention, (iitannUnrj 
from an. altogether different source, ims instituted by ptirtie* 
cognizant of the earlier movement, and unanimously adopt&l 
by u Convention, nineteen-twentieth* of whose member* mere 
wholly ignorant of any such movement. Indeed, the officers 
themselves expressed their regret that no opportunity had 
been afforded to examine a Scheme w-hich had been pre- 
pared under the auspices of so eminent a scientific hotly as 
the Fish Culturists' Association. 

We have thought, it best to print this historical skelcii, iu 
order to bring the Scheme freshly before our readers and 
the delegates at Niagara Falls, and to inform the public as 
to wdiat, actual progress has been made toward securing a 
consummation of the great economic necessity of the period. 
It may be that other better plans will be presented. No 
doubt the one in question will bear amendment or revision. 
It is certainly rudimentary, and needs perfecting. It is the 
duty of the Convention to devise the best means for securing 
the Protection of Game, and a more effective legislation to 
govern close times and open seasons; and if this should 
command their favorable attention, the efforts of those u ho 
have worked it out and brought it to its present form will 
not have been in vain. 



Thk Shooting Tournament at Niaoaiia.— No dtmh'l 
the roar of the great cataract at Niagara will drown i he 
popping of the pigeon-shooters' guus next. September Otb, 
so that the noise thereof will not disturb the deliberations 
of the Convention that meets to secure the protection of 
game. We hope it may. We trust also that the. session 
of the delegates will in no way annoy the pigeon-shooters 
or distract their nerves. We look for good scores this day 
fortnight, when the air is cool, and all the conditions of 
season, climate and locality are favorable thereto. I5:nl 
marksmanship brings no satisfactory return. In pigeon 
practice, the death of each bird ought to bring some com- 
pensating benefit to the contestants, either iu rewards of 
merit, the pleasure of honorable emulation, or in improved 
accuracy. We never could bring ourselves to believe lhat 
pigeons were created for the express purpose of being sho' 
from the trap, although they seem in this way to sene 
men best. They are of very little account iu a pot-pie ; 
while, living, they break down forests and defile the face of 
nature in the vicinity of their roosts. So long as it is more 
important that our citizens should become expert in the 
use of arms than that the lives of thousands of pigeons 
should be saved, so long shall we defend the practice of 
trap-shooting. It secures quickness of trigger, .accuracy of 
aim, confidence in the field, readiness for emergeucy, and 
renders our people the worthy descendants of ancestors 
whose training amid wilderness experiences and hand to 
hand encounters with wild beasts enabled them to conquer 
a country and win an independence. It was in such a 
school as this lhat our forefathers were tried ; in this they 
learned the art of arms. Pigeon shooting we regard as 
essential to the defence of our couutry through the educa- 
tion of our citizens to be marksmen, and until some con- 
trivance shall be invented or discovered which shall serve 
equally well in the manual of instruction, we must be con- 
tent to permit and endure trap-shooting, repugnant as it 
may be lo our tliier natures. 

Through numerous letters front members of the Niagara 
Shooting Club, we learn that the preparations for enter- 
taining their guests on a grand scale are progressing most 
satisfactorily, and we doubt not that the tournament will 
be one of the most "recherche" (is the word proper?) of any 
similar festival yet held in this country. The Club is one 
of the oldest we have, and one of the most influential. 
Possibly all its members are thoroughbred sportsmen anil 
earnest conservators of game, who rejoice at the prospeel 
that some good may accrue from the deliberations of those 
who meet to improve the game laws, and will in every way 
aid and abet their action ; nevertheless, as we have already 
said, we should prefer that the Tournament had been called 
on some other day than that selected by the Convention. 

Deleoateb.— Hon. A, L. Brinsmade aud H. H. Brown, 
of Cleveland; 0. O. Biigham, of Toledo; and Hon. T. A. 
Logan and Col. L. A. Harris, of Cincinnati ; have been 
appointed delegates from Ohio to the National Convention 
al Niagara Falls. 

Dr. W. H. Hudson, of Hartford ; Hon. O. H. Plait, of 
West Merideu ; R. O. Cheney, of Manchester; Or. L. S. 
Luddingtou, of New Britain ; and Judge L. E. Mnnson, ..f 
New Haven ; have beeu appointed from Connecticut. 

The New Y'ork City Soc : ety for the Protection id' Game, 
Royal Phelps, President, has appointed Hon. Robert B. 
Roosevelt, Hon. Carson L. Brevoort, President of the Long 
Island Historical Society, and Charles Hallock, Editor of 
Fokeht and Stkeanc, with power to riamethe remainder 
of the delegation. 



42 



FOREST AND STREAM. 



GOODWOOD RACES, CRICKET AND 
DOG SALES. 



[Fl 



r] 



THE Loudon season lias closed, the shutters are up and 
the lamps that have burnt so brightly in tire temjltcs 

"I pleasure are fast being snufted out one by one. The 
Ion; list of theatres of last month is now a short one. The 
glories of Ascot have passed away and now the Goodwood 
meeting has brought to a close a season rendered faster 
l han usual by the visit of the Czar of all the KtlSSias. It 
was a brilliant success, both in point of good racing and in 
attracting visitors. The Duke and Duchess Of Richmond, 
on account of a recent death in the family, received their 
friends at Goodwood House, and it was given up to the 
Prince of Wales, and the Royal standard floated over its 
walls. There was no fear of that bane of trainers, "hard 
ground," and though the dreaded Act had suppressed all 
bags, stools, parti-colored hats, cards, and other, "instru- 
ments of gaming," nevertheless, I have a notion a good 
deal of money did change hands on the events of the day. 
The slakes proved a very mild affair, and the horses en- 
gaged were by some degrees worse (han a moderate lot. 
Sir J. Astley's Scamp was the favorite, and won by a nock, 
but there was a good deal of the hood and blinker sort be- 
hind him, and amongst them Indian Ocean, a plater who 
always runs high up on the betting and never wins. The 
Cup proved a better race, and was productive of something 
more like good form and quality. Unfortunately three of 
the best performers had the fatal pen struck through their 
names, and the requiem sounded for Boiard, King Ludand 
Flageolet. Doneaster.au ex-Derby winner .started at 2 to 1, 
and though he is accounted a bit of a rogue, the gallant 
son of Stockwell, the best of stallions, stayed the longest 
and pulled off the race by a head, the notorious Kaiser be- 
ing "locked to him" as the horses came into the straight. 
Organist, of Chester Cup repute, lamed himself, but he 
was outclassed throughout. Altogether the backers of 
horses had it pretty much their own way, and though 
people who know nothing abo it racing tell you the favorite 
never wins, the takers of odds, I imagine, got home pretty 
comfortably. 

There was another sale. of blood stock at Middle Park, 
Eltham, on Saturday, and some high prices were realized. 
Mr. W. Blenkiron was a large purchaser from Mr. Walker's 
stud, giving 3,000 guineas for Vespasian, a well known Tace 
horse, 2,500 for Seclusion and her Vespasian filly, 1,:-100 for 
the Newminster mare, Pandore, with a filly by llosicrucian, 
bred by Sir J. Hawley, and 750 for Penance and a Trum- 
peter colt. England's Beauty, a grand mare well worth 
.€2,000 two years ago, fetched the line amount of a "pony," 
i. e., £25. Such are the vicissitudes of racing. A brown 
rilly, by Blair Athol, sold for £2,000 to Mr. Gretfon, and 
there was no bid for Vestminster, the Winner of the Cam- 
bridgeshire in 1869. Apology, the winner in the Oaks, is 
still first favorite for the great St. Leger, and as mares gen- 
erally do well at that season of the year, I shall expect her 
to beat the Derby Hero, George Frederick, named after the 
Prince of Wale's son, and successful, curiously enough on 
his youthful highness's birth day. 

Rugby and Marlborough, two large and important 
Public Schools, though neither so large nor so good in 
social position as Eton, Harrow and Wmchester.played their 
annual match before a large assembly at "Lords" on Wed- 
nesday and Thursday last. Rugby is chiefly celebrated for 
football, the "Rugby game" being au ancient and original 
institution and peculiar to the school. Jt differs from all 
other football by the introduction of carrying the ball and 
"hacking," which means punishing your opponent's shins 
with a thick pair of boots, but those men who play it swear 
by it and utterly despise the milder rules of the more mer- 
ciful association game. Rugby has won the majority of 
the cricket matches and this year her star was as usual 
on the ascendant, and the superior fielding of IheRugbians 
"•really aided them to gain the decided victory of five 
wickets. The highest score made was a Marlboro' innings 
of forty-one, and nothing very excitiug happened through- 
out the match. 

In "Yorkshire vs. Gloucester" Mr. \V. G. Grace ran up 
the fine innings of 167, and though he is accounted the 
best bat and the worst bowler in England, he, ueverthless, 
succeeded in taking eleven of his adversaries' wickets, who 
were, of course, disposed of in a single innings. 

Lately there was a real and excellent carrier-pigeon lace 
from Exeter to London, the pigeons being liberated at six 
o'clock on Tuesday morning, the wind being south-south- 
east and very moderate. The first bird presented at 100 
High Holborn was Mr. Partridge of Paddington's red- 
checquered cock Lord Lyon's at 1 1 :5S, and took first prize, 
Mr. Srneed's dark-checquered Comet being second at . 1:3-1 ; 
Mr. Smeed also won the pigeon race from Bedford of fifty 
miles, the time being 1 7'. 

The American Base Ball players made their first appear- 
ance at Liverpool on the ground of the Cricket Club. It 
happened, unfortunately, that there was a counter attrac- 
tion iu the shape of a cricket match between the 1 Ziugari 
and the gentlemen of Lancashire, but still the attendance 
was greatly in excess of anything known on the Liverpool 
ground, and a very favorable, impression was produced in 
favor of the game. Everywhere the visitors seem to have 
a hearty Welcome, Mr. Pullman granting them free use of 
'his sleeping cars and the Midland Railway Compae . 
ui'ously placing n special trtiin at their disposal from Man 



chesier on stopping at Matlo 
course the game was not 
stood hits and catches woi 
short time before the game 
an exhibition of skill in I 



rp hDB 3 ■< route. Of 
;, -- id, though the 

t ippreciated. For a 
tutors were treated to 
aud catching the ball. 



The height and distance, to which the ball w as thrown 
seemed even to tin: mosl experienced of our cricketers little 
short of marvellous.and no less wonderful were some of the 
catches, where the ball thrown fast, a short ranger seemed 
to have the velocity of a bullet. The quickness of hand 
and eye was the subject of general remark. 



There 
Aid ridge 


s, but 


Oil • r 

the dra 


atgti sale of pointers and setters at 
Is, the Khiwlas kennels, did not go 


Oft as wo 

Mr. Carl 




1111. Wl 


eied, though Citadel, a pointer of 
at tQ Mr. Hemming for £25. The 


heal of 5 

than title 
was infoi 


ior ai 


d the n 


ioore'.-. pointer* cliilii't go for more 
d altogether the quality of dogs sold 
imber of purchasers small. 

Idstoxe, Jn. 


Anguxi 


12,/,. 


—The a 


nnounecment that two of the best 



American teams would make their ,/,/«/ at, Lord's in the 
national game of baseball, hitherto unknown on this side of 
tlie Atlantic, excited a lively interest among the athletic 
element of the metropolis. Cricket had, however, been so 
long established that its devotees felt but little uneasy at 
the idea of Ibe American pastime supplanting it altogether^ 
though they can now have but little doubt that their favorite 
pursuit during the Summer months has met, with w serious 
rival. Everybody is loud in the praise of the pluck and 
energy of the strangers in travelling so manymilcs to intro- 
duce this novel sport, and all thoroughly understand thatit 
is not a mere speculation of Mr. Barnum's or any other 



entre])i'iit!UJ\ but, a genuine attempt to show 


us in England 


that the Americans have a national game, ; 


nd can play at 


it well. The Marylebone club, in recogni 


lion of the trootl 


will shown hv the Americans towards f 


lem when tliev 


wee- cricketing in the Slates, placed their, 


,round at, their 


disposal and gave ih,.m every facility at 


d convenience. 


The day was warm ami bright, possibly to. 


bright tor diffi- 


cult catches, and Ihe attendance was large, 


5,01)0 being the 


reputed number of the spectators during o 


ic period of the 


game; Of course it was some lime before 


the rules were 


understood and appreciated, but our game 


if rounders is an 


unscientific kind of baseball, and though 


the notions of 


chaff and corking, which are peculiar tc tl 


e former, were 


obliterated, yet the recollection of if server 


to render the 


mysteries of pitcher, striker ami Iongstop i 


iore intelligible, 


The proceedings commenced with crick 


it, but at four 


o'clock the ground was cleared and the ha 


sas marked out 


Willi -mall bags of sand a foot square, line 


s being whilen- 


ed from one to Ihe other. The Boston 1 


>am wore, their 


white ilnnnels, red stockings, bands and c 


ips, whilst the 


Athletics were resplendent in blue. To m 


unprofessional 


eye it was of course difficult to catch the V 


irying points of 


the game, but from the way in which 


Barnes and 11. 


WtnVht played for Boston and got runs, il 


seemed that the 


Athfelies were oil their play, and in fact II 


eir lidding was 


not, up to the Boston form, the latter me 


i stopping " hot 


ones," and returning UlCUl with a rapidity 


that made more 


than one IiaWKe of Lord's open his eyes. ' 


Che precision of 


throwing was marvellous, aud butter fill- 


ll-S unheard of. 


The distance between the bases WAS lliirly 


yards, so that lo 


effect a run, a player had to travel one hurt 


ired and twenty 


vards at tip-lop speed. I believe I am rig 


it, in stating that 


•u Amen::, about live :'."res is re .■■.■lrecl. sc 


that the players 


must have scarcely had room enough at Li 


rd's. It was all 


through a most one-sided affair, the chief 


•ause being the 


fact that the Athletic pitcher, McBride wa 


i "out of sort:;," 


raid this le;Ho Irs side bsiHg wsitewasl 


ed" three limes 


in succession. AtaQllgsl lire BoMnuians 


, Spalding and 


McKey fairly divided the balling honors 


Batten disap- 


pointed his parly, and Anson was perhaps 


heir best man. 


A brilliant, catch at, short stop was marie bj 


George Wright, 


and fairly hrttegtt down the house, with iv 


mense applause. 


The following is the score : 




ATIII.iTICH. i pi 


-.1 • ,; - 


a Id po a| 


i, i,: Pfl a 


■\r^\r,,iw.n i' r 13 4 OiG. Wright, s s, 


4 i 4 


\n'™ Ht V" - 1 a 10 ! S|,aUling. p... 


4 3 3 5 

4 4 II 


McBride 1> ' ' - " DiMcVey, o.-... 


8 4 4 1 


l\lunian"r 1 1 - 2 Leonard, 1 f... 


a a i r 


u,,,|,.„' ->,| |," 1 2 ;t UjO'ttomke, 1st 1 




IS.Idb:: 1 1 3,11. Wright, cl. 


i a 5 ( 


ClHim c U 1 6 ITlall.rf 

Gedney.'lf S 1 .Sclmfer 3d b,. 


i a a o 


3 i 3 a 


Total ^ ir •:;' il! Total 


a •.•-. ar 7 



i n fie ninth, the game being now virtually over, and the 
Bostons two to the good. '1 he following is the score: 

ATItl.KTICS. llO.-TUo:. 



KLRS -MADE IS EACH INNING. 

Athletics 3 0011 10 1- 7 

Bostons 3 7 4 5 3 tl 0— *l 

BaBes by errors, Bostons, 9; Athletics, 1: Huns eitrned. Athletics, IV, 
Bostons, 11. L"mpire,ilt. Thomas Bmlus, ci the Boston flab, Duration 
ol game, two taonrs and ten minutes 

The spectators at "Prince's" on Thursday were neither 
so large in number nor so enthusiastic as those at "Lord's." 
Unhappily for the Athletics, they were deprived of the 
services of M'Bride, whofelt indisposed, Kent of theBoston 
team taking his place as substitute. At 4:80 the Athletics 
commenced batting, and the game proceeded literally 
even for about au hour. After live innings each, the 
Athletics were one in advance, but, after the fifth their 
opponents forged ahead, owing to the indifferent pitching 
of McMulleii, ihe passing of two balls by Clapp, aud a mis- 
take made by Oeduey a! left field. Barnes made amends 
for his bad fielding by making a good hit, which realized 
three liases and let home G. Wright. In this innings 
Anson made the finest catch of the day, and e a . initio 
catcher iu place of Clapp. The Athletics rallied in their 

,,;.,!,,!, inhii,.," ■ . ■ . . t obiaijiei! Bve cubs, tmi railed to. score 



Gel! tie; 
Total.. 



I. S.. 



I - ■> ,i>,|,:t 






•J 1 







4 1 


1 





-.1 1li 


n 


o 


II 1 


t> 


~ 


it ;-; 


il 



.321 

. 11 W 



11 17 SO 131 Total 

ItllNS MAItE IS KACH INSCBG. 

1st. -M. Sri. 4th. 5th. tiili. 7th. Stic '.ttti. 

Athletics 1110 ■■', 3 — 1 1 

Bl -!"!!>. ...... 0011 4 13 1—14 

thin- em-ned. Athletic-. 5; Ho-tuli". ,V. Ihe latj onel'rors Uesions, .-,; 

AUiIeii,:,, .t; Heme runs, Kenl. 1: Schnrer, 1: double play, Sehnfur and 
O'Jtf.iivke. finnire. D. V. Houston, of the Alhktk Club. Duration nf 
game, one hour unci 50 minutes. 

" The, /'Vnv.'" is rather severe on the game, and conlrasl;-; 
it very unfavorably with cricket. The editor says : 

" In our own individual opinion it has so many inherent 
defects that if has not the slightest pretensions to be con- 
sidered superior to, even if it is equal with, our juvenile 
amusement "rounders," on the basis of which it has been 
modeled." 

The other sporting papers are allloud^iu their encomiums 
as to the American lidding, catching, &C-, PlH they mostly 
damn with faint praise the game itself The Sln.uilorri, one 
of the best daily papers, says the play is well worth seeing, 
if it, be only to note how far superior the throwdng and 
fielding of the Americans at their national game is to ours 
at cricket. Anyhow, I think that base ball has had a fair 
trial, and whether the seeds sown will ripen into fruit, Ihe 
next season will tell us. 

The Cricket match between Ihe twelve of the Marylebone 
Club and the eighteen or the Atnencuus was declared 
drawn. The M. C. C. made 106 in three innings, lucre 
being some good batting, but small scores. McBride bowled 
two of their best men for " duck egits " with fast tinder- 
haud, and Messrs. Auslen, Hill, Lubbock, Koso and 
Appleby met the same fate, with dreary blank scores, at 
the hands of Mr. G. Wright. The Americans wen; tired 
by their exertions at base ball, and seemed puzzled by 
Rose's slows and Fickering's underbands. The rain fell at 
one time somewhat heavily, and under the circumstances 
the score of 107 which they realized was a very creditable 
one. Their batting was described by Ihe press as uot very 
scientific, although the fielding is everywhere admired, 
The Canterbury cricket week of course brought litany 
visitors to this aucient city, which boasts one of the finest 
cathedrals in England, celebrated for its connection wdlh 
the martyred Thomas A. Beckett. The great match of the 
day was Kent aud Cloucester e*. England, the All England 
eleven counting in its cause .lupp, Poolcy, I.illywhite, 
ShttW, Morley, and other famous names amomrst the pro- 
fessionals, and their opponents having two out of the three 
Braces; Lorfl Harris from the Oxford eleven, Messrs. 
Thornton, Yardley, and the lion. F. Bennett. The respec- 
tive scores were Kent and Gloucestershire; 2111 first innings; 
247 second innings. All England 201 first innings; 2'.V. 
second innings. The match was a jplQSB one, and an 
extraordinary catch by Lord Harris alone pulled it nut of 
the tire, as Mr. Mitchell ami Greenwood, two of the All- 
Englanders, in the second and last innings, iiad got their 
eye in, and were playing inagnilicenlly. Oscroft, another 
of their men, was playing well, but playing forward to a 
sMtp ball of Captain Fellows, he fell and dislocated his 
thumb, and of course retired hurt. Mr. W. G. C4race, for 
the counters, made the high scores of 94 and 121. In an- 
other match of Kent l». Marylebone, Mr. Grace made 12b', 
the respective totals being Kent (both innings) 1G8 aud 144, 
Marvlebone, S6g. There, were twelve men on each side. 

The grouse prospects are truly alarming, as in many 
districts it is to be feared that birds arc as scarce as pretty 
women, and iu Yorkshire Hie accounts are very dismal. 
?acxi week will, however, relieve our suspense. The crop 
of partridges: seems to promise well, though il is dilticull to 
tell for certain till thecorn is all cut, Theyoung p hensant 
which 1 have seen look healthy and strong. 

IpSTOSB, Jit, 



WISCONSIN CONVENTION. 

Cim xcio Office / 

Forest asd StrexH, Aug, 20th 1874. ( 

The meeting of the Wisconsin State Association for the 
Protection of Game was held in the Court Ilouse at Portage 
City, on the 18th instant. 

The meeting was called to order by A. B. Turner, of 
Portage City 'Slate Register. Mr. li H. Strong, of Barra- 
boo occupied the chair. F. W. Woodward, of Eau Claire. 
Secretary! 

it was moved and carried that a committee of three be 
appointed to draft constitution and by-laws. W. %. Corn- 
ing, A. J. Turner and Col. R. M. Strong, committee. 

Mr. Turner moved that I. G. True of Fokest ano 
Stream, and T. C. Banks of American spm-tmrn,, be invi- 
ted to participate in the convention. Carried. 

Motion was made and carried that the Association adopt 
the constitution and bylaws of (he INcw York Stale, Asso- 
ciation, as those they would act under, with proper changes 
of names, && 

Motion was made and carried, that lite first annual meet- 
in- be called and heltl on the first, Tuesday in V 
1870, al Madison, Wis., during the session of ihe Legifila- 

! , i-, ■ ' ifrer considerable argument and man; suggeBi -.-- 

i; , ,, ri! h la l.cst method for the preservation I i 
a future success of the State Association, 

1 1,,, .a, :cl i II _eiiiral. officers was called for. ',"1 

1) de I it Q SI "ire of Barraboo, a iv.-iilent of the 

'i elelil 01 the Association. 

,■:..■; ; d, The same good feeUi ;, md 



FOREST AND STREAM. 



43 



unanimity existed in CcSpect to the following officers 
elected:— F. W. Woodward, E:m Claire, 1st Vice Presi- 
dent; I,. M. XSy.iU. Fond (iu Lao, 2d Vice I'residenl ; 
Alyrou T. Bnilev, Madison, Recordine Secretary; A. J. 
Tinner, Port aire City, Cur. Secretary; W. \Y. Coding, 
'pri ige City, Treasurer. 

Executive Committee— X. ,T. Aikins, Milwaukee; F. S. 
Ellis, tureen Bay: H. II. llaivta'ei, Oslikosli; Jas. Ilogan, 
[,a Crosse; li. II. Strong, Barraboo. 

Tiie call for a meeting of the National Association at 
Niagara Fails was then read, and the following gentlemen 
were invited to attend it,:— A. V- II. Carpenter, ;i\fil\vaiikco, 
tien'l. Pass. Asil, Mil.oiSt.PaulK.lv., 0. AY. .lames, 
Eau Claire, F. B. Goodell, Montello, W. W. Webb, La, 
Cjros&e. Win, Young. Milwaukee, R. O. Loomis, Portage 
Cilv, F. F. Farnhain. Columbus, Henry Hurndon, Madi- 
son, "Win. 1-, Ullev, Racine. H. K. Sherman, Reloit, A. 
!.', Barrows, Chippewa Falls, W. D. Merrill, Prairie dti 
Chien, A. G. S. Holmes, Oieeu Bay, R. G. Paddock, Iron- 
ton, S. D. Burehard, Reaver Dam. 

After passing a resolution offered by Mr. A. B. Turner, 
lct'oninicndinir the FoilEST asd Stheaai, of New York, 
4merican Sporttmm, of West Merideu. Conn., and Field 
UndSlream, of Chicago, to the Sportsmen of the .West, as 
worthy of their cordial support, the Association adjourned 
will! theavowed purpose or makingitan institution' worthy 
of one of the grand hunting and fishing States of the 



on. 

In this connection let me incidentally mention the facili- 
ies of the Chic ago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway, for the 
porlsman and the tourist. They can find any amount of 
;ame and fisb in season, at almost, any station along its 
inc, in Wisconsin and Iowa. Goooik 



^hat (§nn mid jjff/fe. 

GAME IN SEASON 'FOR SEPTEMBER. 



Moo-b, ACees ftafcfti; farihou, Teramliu lin„oiO r. 

Kik ijrWsimi, Cemis GanaUensie. Lied J cer, Caii, . Virgimanm 

Rabbits, browil and grey, Snniricls. red black and grey 

Wild Turk.-, i/;' ■..-.;.•' ■" .,. • . • ;, :,,. a .., Virginia 

\\ oodcock. ,-.'. ,'. /„,.r hi, I;, flu. Pnmaicd (ironic-. T.tt.m i »/e./n 

Buffed Groii , 'no ' s. Curlew, .v-,,, « ArquartQ, 

realii Willets. 

Plover, c/itinh h'nhi.-. ijeed or Eice birds, Daiichala/x 

Ei (h'.ir. Mmotinos. ma. 

Uuils, Sailus YirffimaHW. Wild Duck. 



—Our reports from along shore are not very encouraging 
p sportsmen. Willcts and other bay birds are scarcer than 
hey were ten days ago. 

—There is good shooting now at Rye Beach, New Hamp- 
hire, for yellow legs, plover, snipe, etc. 

—Reed birds are likely to be abundant ou the Delaware 
\i\ct the coming September, as sonic of the energetic 
portsmen of the vicinity have been employing men to 
lairol the river in skills and arrest all persons caught shoot- 
ug these birds before September. 

-The. Hones Poi 
he finest ducking 



Club, of Cleveland, Ohio, has one of 
Minds ou Lake Frie, and as the duck- 
ing season commences on. 1st September, prox., the mem- 
ber- are on the books lor a grand shoot. The rendezvous 
is only a hundred miles from Cleveland, and ducks arc re- 
pined as more plentiful now than for ten years past. If 
any of our readers would like to accept the hospitalities of 
the eiub on the 39th hist, they can drop us a line, and we 
will facilitate their wishes by giving them a letter of intro- 
duction to the efflcers, who herewith tender them an invi- 
tation. Our Western sportsmen send us frequent evidence 
of their liberality in tendering our Eastern sportsmen priv- 
ileges of this sort, and we owe them handsome acknowl- 
edgements on our own and our readers' behalf. 

— "Chicken" shooting is now all the rage out West, and 
the shooters are sending home big bags daily. We have 
advices from several of our correspondents as to quantity 
shot, but not sufficiently explicit in designating localities to 
serve our readers by publishing. As an evidence, however, 
of what can be done, and to inform our Eastern readers 
who arc unacquainted with the manner of prairie shoot- 
ing, we print the following very interesting letter from a 

lyoung man who made his maiden effort at this branch of 

-etport last week. His letter is dated: — 

El.LE PLAIN', Iowa, Viigust l Kb, l-,l. 



Li, it,.;,: ! 
Oui [..I 
Small del 
fill liters. 
tVNClVi .., 

1 1 v-l 

and as lli 
[fie place 

u distant'.. 



lie tiniii an.l Bprlay wagon, a single lit; and 
■ lent mid camp ouUii, fcljree dogs, and live 



lei 




,. Than"! 


mint" began Sfliug as pffcl 

I balance of the Bight lip, a 
i'd liicin all onl; bin, the spin 


y work a.sadi 
id lmd I done 


and I 

« well 


(tin 

the 


a. n 

tg), I H 

i (if llu 

place. 


see held :ie 
birds, and \ 


S£F£St 







When (lie proper time came we 
!(1] Iheii worked in preoaiiiiL' foi 
soundly sleeping, Every monii 



Tom. 



— One of our Lawieucc, Kansas, correspondents says:— 

Of all places on earlti for duck, geeae, Bnipe, and prairie chicken shout- 
ing. Ilic "Mississippi Hirer, from thiinnpic lo St. I'ait), must lie the beat, 
Two of ns one afternoon, 111 two and a ball' hour.-, made a hag of nine 
mallards, weighing twenty-seven and a trull' pounds. They were selected. 
OH the wiiii,', and era? bad shot brought in. 

—.Georgia is g good pla.ee to hunt woodcock. An A.a- 
giista-ooirnsspani ban writes, August lOtli-s— 



—Ten thousand people are annually punished in England 
for violating the game laws, and there is a cry for reform. 

—The Eari of Dunlaven has bought six thousand acres of 
Etess Park, Colorado, anl purposes " improving " it by 
keeping the game and fish from too rapid destruction, and 
by erecting buddings for tourists. 

—The "Woodside Shooting Association, of "Woodsville, 
Long Island, V? ill shoot for the Cameron challenge cup 
next week. All matches for the cup to be shot for at 
fifteen single rises each, II and T. ground traps. Any 
member holding the cup for one. year against all con- 
testants to become his personal property. Entries in the 
above match must be made lo the Secretary, W. T. Came- 
ron, Esq., prior to Monday, September 7th. There will be 
a grand sweepstake shot for after the shooting for the cup 
has been decided. 

—The Portsmouth, New Hampshire, Sportsman's (Huh 
is arranging for a grand pigeon shooting tournament, to 
take place at the Nottingham Park in Ihat city, beginning 
September 2. All sportsmen's clubs are invited to partici- 
pate, and Bogardiis, the championship shot of the United 
States, will be present and give exhibitions, as will other 
crack shots." Several sweepstakes and matches will be 
shot, and the members of the Portsmouth Club will shoot 
for an elegant gold prize medal offered by M. Eklredge, 
Esq., of this city. 

—The grand National Sehutzen Festival closed at Balti- 
more on the 24th, after a most successful session of eight 
days. The prizes were distributed. The third, fourth and 
fifth prizes, for which there was a lie, were distributed re- 
spectively to George Schilling of Baltimore, Rudolph 
Meunsich of Washington, and Adolph Slrecker of San 
Francisco. During the festival the receipts for entrance 
fees, etc., have boon $:St,000, and the value of the prizes 
distributed $23,000. There has been used at target firing 
3,000 pounds of lead, and 2,000 pounds of powder, 89,829 
shots being lirccl. Baron von Schlozcr, the German Min- 
ister at "Washington, was present. 

-James Ward defeated Ira A. Paine in a match at 50 
double pigeons for $1,000 a side, at the Buffalo (N. Y.) 
Driving Park Thursday afternoon, Aug. 13, the Canadian 
killing 88 to Paine's 86. The latter out-scored his antago- 
nist in shooting at singles. 

—James Ward, of Toronto, who intends going to Eng- 
land in October, issues the following challenge in answer' 
to Capt. Bogardus:— 



I will make a match to si 
the championship of Amer 
shoot at 100 birds— ^0 sin 
traps, 21 yards rise, WJy&rdj 
ground M*P8, 21 yards n 
double wild pigeons, 1K ya 

" Is'f 



Bogartlus for 
Side, each, to 
irds, ground 
did pigeons, 
and 15 pair 
s boundary, 



ipl 



it Buffalo 



i Mo 



i'.V. 



tree. The m 
iber Mill, if at 
1 by the Cauadia.il rti 
IV to be divided. Job. 



id l 



qf'tlte Turn-*, Italf 1'orfeit, 



id 1 will imme- 



in liogardiiK, in n>|>l.y tp Ward's letter, slates that 
opt his cUaliengo just aa he proposes it, and if ho 
11 increase the stakes lo, $500 il side it will suit 
ii bet.! er 



THE CHICAGO PIGEON SWEEPSTAKES. 

BttAxi ii Oia-ei-:. I'oiiKs-r and Stream, i 
Chicago, III., August,, 1874. f 

The follow die :i:e thB fC '.re* complete of I IK- Sw eepatakes Oil the lllst 



Scare. Tola?.. 

ui oi 1 i r< i i I l l l n i l il 

;leinm;inn 1 I I 1 (1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 t H 

I.oiif: 1 1 t t 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 15 

ision i i i i o m i o i n 

redtuore 1 1 1 1 1 1 n 1 1 1 1 I 11 

-je 1 1 I 1 l 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 15 

111111111111111 13 

>s 1M1110 1111111: H 

don 1111110 

Kliimniinn 111111111111111 15 

■M-Muds 110 111111 

il< roimick.... 111111111111110 H 

i i ■- 10 110 

, ne. A'l in r Price, nriii R. O. Kleimnunn haying killed &<- 

irda i» .-iicct aa'nn, were .winded $1S 75 each. 

hM»,SU >irrds rise, 80 .yards lioinidnry; best four scores to 

. ...1 11111111 1-lOltl U Kloininm 
.. .1110 111111- ftillan Klsion... 

...0 111111111 !i i'liillius 0U1 

ick I 1 I I 1 1 1 I I i-io! Ab Irice 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 I- it 

111..I I 1 I 1 no 1 1 1 8|H L Edwards....! 1 1 ] 1 1 1 1 1 n- 9 
Ties 2(1 yards. 

1 llllliuvliiiis 110 

11 1 1 UL -Edwards Ill 

Second tie, tt I yards. 
Ill Ab Price _ 

:■ | 



Ten liinl- each 61(1 iinnoire and '< 


raw back for 


each bird killed, the 


balance left in the pool to lie divided (nlltlt. ' 


highest three: 


rieilinore 10 111110 1-7 


Sherman 


. . 1~1 1 1 1 1 1 1- R- 


lidwards... 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1- !) 


Price 


..1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1-10' 


Mnaou 1 11111111 1-10 


II II Kieinmar 


n.i 1 1 1 ii j oi l- a 


U>wj 1 1 1 11 1 1 1 1- tl 




..10 111110 III- 7 


Klslrai 1U1 01 1 0011- 6 


Davidson,'. '.'.'.'. 


-.1010 10 1111- 7 


J J Kleinnianii..l I 11 J 11 110- S 






Nincl.eoii dollars left in the pool . Price and Mas 


ou take each a third, 


and the ties on divided the other onc-tnlrd. 




Class shooting at three double rises, $5 entrance, 


iu three prizes, viz: 


£S5, inland $10. 




18 Yards. 18 


Yards 


Chitleudeil 111110 .. lid Price 


11 10 11 5 


A Price 110110 t II P Edwards. 


Hll 11 & 


Dan I'llsion n n n ti.r J Hall 


1100 01 .'1 


11 It Kleinnnilin 110111 5,Tom Stara. ... 


110111 ■> 


John Davidson 1110 11 5 .1 J K!einui4itu 


nun ii 


S Mason illllO e| 




Ties, SI Sards. 




Chittenden 11 10 iKIston 


,, ,111111 


11 11 Klcimnnun 1111 11 John Dai hUo 


i mi ii 


3. Mason - 1110 lid Price 


ii n n 


ll 3 lulwards nun Tom Smug..: 


linn 


J J lilciunrann 111110 

Ties. 
II tl Klclnmann 11 11 101 John Davidson 




11 11 10 


Ed Price 11 11 00|Toin Kiagg.... 


10 10 111 


.1. .1. Klein matin and 11. J". Edwards divided first prize, U H . Klctn- 


mauir and John Davidson second prize. Aimer Price 


Ihtrd prize. 


©10 eutvance, four prizes, SSS.ffllJlp entrance, f 


mr equal prizes, 21 




yards rise, 


10 single birds. 


Shu'h/M. Total.. 




siraiqld. TotaL 


Elston '4 wiih'drn 


.1.1 Kleinmani 


5 wilh'dn 


J J Kleinminn.... 4 




.... 10 10 prize. 


Loiie 8 9 P"ze. 


Ab Price 


... Ill 10 pi ize 


HawMlis 1 " prize. Ci Predniove.. 


... 10 Iff pfisse 


Ah Price 10 10 prize. 


II II Kleininau 


with'di. 


Predmorn 5 8 


Dan EistOll... 


ti 


11 H Klciinuann.. a wiih'drn 


Hawkins 


wiibd'n 


McCorniick « » j.vize. 


John McConn 


ck. 10 10 prize. 


Sweeps, $10 entrance. 10 birds, best: Vies i 


SSI yards. 


3 to will, 21 yards rise, SO honnd'y. l.onc 


1 11-31 


torn,' ....' 10 10 Price 


1 1 : ;i 


Ab Price .... 10 10[Predniore 


i l i-i. 


i'redmorc B ii Kleinmaua.... 


11 1-3. 


iMcConnck 10 10 Tlesr 


t 31 yards. 


Klsion a IILong 


11 1-3, 


Ivleinninnn 10 lOlPrice 


10 0-1 


jl'iedrnore 


11 13. 


Kleinraann..,. 


1 10-2 



ii Club or Brooklyn shot their first summer match at 
it the half-mile track. There were, fight members, 15 
onditions and rules. The following is the score: 

1 «IS. Gaw - 3 9 

... 13 15|Madi=on li 17> 

I Total 51 

. - 8 IS Chasma 4 11 

8 I^iAppleyard 13 

Total 



NlM 1(011. 



Pakis, Ky., Aiiixnst 15th, 1874. 
Editor Eiiiikst and Stream.— 

The match mentioned in your last issue to come off on the 12th, be- 
Wveen'L. Trotler, ol Lexington, and T. O. Woodford, or Bourhou county, 
was shot at Hutchinson Station, K. C. Railroad, hair way between Lex- 
ington and Paris. The score is not so good as was expected, these gen- 
tlemen being among Kentucky's best shots. Our boys have just begun 
to find out they arc too high strung or nervous to shoot well. Both par- 
ties seemed uracil excited. This may have been occasioned by the pres- 
ence ol' so many good-looking young ladies, who made the occasion mora 
pleasant to the outsiders at least. 

Match tor £50, 20 double birds, 18 yards. 

11 10 11 11 10 10 10 Trotter 11 (II 11 00 00 10 10 11 

' :... -15 11 drawn -11 

s a-shoot for Ihe birds between Kemiey and Kidd, at tw o. 
'. single Birds. Kldd won. 

11 10 0-3' Kidd : ....... . 10 il 1-1 

Alter [his, Kidd— commonly called Bogardus— challenged both Woodr 

ford and Trotter to shoot for $100 a Bide, to come off any time in twenty 

days. 
The next was a shoot for the birds, between Ferguson, Russell and 

Kerr. This resulted in a tie between Russell and Fergus 



Woodford, . 
10 li 11. 

The next h 
double and 01 

Kcnuey., 



Ecrc-iison 11 11 10— $ Kusscll 

Kerr 01 00 00—1 



. 11 11 01—5 



aside, between Kidd and Bagg. 

till »»U 1 SINOl.K. 

H 10 1-4 

repast at, I lit.-, beautiriii home 
rboo. KV. 



Of the president of the Nnnrod club of Bo 

—The series of mntelies lit Creedmoov next month will 
cniliraee lrcki.nd .?*. United ritat.es, Ciumtla OS. Ireland, and 
the United States ra.Caiiada, A very interesting triungit- 
hir QoatOSt iS looked I'm 



u 



FOREST AND STREAM. 



CitEEDitooK. — There were two rifle matches on Saturday 
The most important was that for the Amateur Rifle Club 
long range badge. The distances were 800, 900, and 1,000 
yards; any position within the rules; five shots at each 
range. There were but nine entries, but this numher in- 
cluded some of the best marksmen in the club. Mr. L. L. 
Hepburn won the badge on a score of 54, out of a possible 
60. It was previously held by A. V. Canfleld, Jr., who 
won il on a score of 45 points. Gen. Dakin also made a 
score of 54, which resulted in a "tie" with Mr. Hepburn. 
The latter was declared the winner, as his score at the 1,000 
yards range exceeded that of Gen. Dakin by one point. 
The following is ;i list of the scores: 

Name. Yardn. Score. Total. 

) 800.... 4 4 3 11 19 

L. L. Hepburn > 900 ... 4 2444 18 

\1000.... 3 3 444 17—54 
I 801).... 4 4 4 4 3 19 

LJenenil T. S. Dakin IhOJ.... 44344 19 

1000.... 2 4 4 4 3 16—04 
I 800. ... J 4 4 3 4 19 

J.6. CoiiHn V 900..., 34333 Hi 

ilDOO.... 3 44 4(1 15—50 
I 800,... 3 2 4 3 4 1H 

p..S.Qdrdaat .. '-two..., 34404 is 

) 1000. ... 43433 IT— 17 
/ 800.... 3 3 3 4 3 16 

E. H. SttufottU :- 900.... 43434 18 

llOO.'. .. 34303 13 — 47 

I 800. ... 33334 16 

A. V. Cuutleld, Jr J- 900 — 34344 18 

\ 1000. ... 43222 13—47 

/ 800. ... 32343 15 

h. Gcitu.-r r 901). . ., 4 3 4 4 15 

) 1000..., 3 3 3 3 4 16—46 

I 800.... 4 4 4 4 16 

Lieu tenant H, Fulton -900.... 34444 19 

) 1000. , . ! 2 3 II 11—16 

I 800.... 4 3 3 4 3 17 

.i.T. li. Collin* -900.... 2333 3 14 

j WOO. ... 44203 13—14 

) 800.... 4 4 4 4 4 20 

G. SV. Yule 5-900.... 4 0003 7 

> 1000 321*3 16—13 

Willi regard to this shooting, Col. Wingate writes to 
fcfoREtn: and Stream j 

"The paucity of competitors at long range Saturday was 
caused by rain, not for the reasons ascribed by the papers. 
Fulton's 'bad score was caused by a bull's eye and centre 
on wrong target, which scored as misses. The Irish score, 
Eleho Shield, averaged ;i:33 a shot, or it score of fifty in 
lifeeen shots. This, you will see, is already equalled by 
several of the team. The tail of the team, however, is 
where we are weak. I fear Americans are betting too 
strong on us, and we wish the public to understand the 
difficulties we have to contend against, 

The other match was the eighth competition for the Turf, 
Field and Farm "challenge" badge. Distance, 200 yards; 
position, standing; two sighting and five scoring shots, 
open to all members of the National Rifle Association. 
There were forty entries. The shooting was only fair, the 
highest score being only seventeen. This was one point 
better than Ihe score that won the badge at the seventh 
competition. Mr. Madison was the winner for the second 
time, and should he be so fortunate as to win it at Ihe 
uext competition, he will become absolute possessor of it. 
Messrs. L. C. Bruce, W. F. Edmonston, Gen. F. F. Miller, 

F. W. Linton, J. T. 13. Collins, F. McMillan, John Beattie, 
and Sergeant Collins scored 15 each : J. L. Price, A. V. 
CautiekC Jr., Gen. T. S. Dakin, J. J. O'Kelly, Col. G. W. 
Wingate, Leon Backer, J. W. Condy, F. S. Gardner, P. M. 
Brasher, and A. J. Henuiou scored 14 each ; Sergt. Turner 
and U. P. Carringtou scored 13, and the others 12 and 
under. 

A. number of improvements have recently been made on 
the range. A high picket fence surrounds the field; refresh- 
ment stands have been erected at 200 and 500 t ards and 
in rear of the 1,000 yards firing point and a ticket-office 
is iu process of construction at the entrance to the grounds 
A new set of number boards are to be erected behind the 
targets on which the figures are to be made more distinct, 
ami thus lessen the possibility of accidents by firing at 
the wrong targets. It is expected that the Fall meeting 
will be largely attended. 

This will lake place during the last week in September. 
The day is not yet fixed, but will be named as soon as Ihe 
President hears from the Irish learn. 

The Executive Committee have decided upon the fol- 
lowing matches: 

First— Judd March, 200 yards, standing; seven shots any miliary rifle; 
open tonll members of the National Rifle Association. 

Second— Sportsmen's Match, same distance and nnmber of shots; 
weapon, any rille under the rules; open to all comers. 

Third— Mw.t Division Mutch, 200 and 500 yards, live shots each dis- 
tance; weapon. .State Ketnington rifto; to be competed for by teams of 
twelve from each regiment in the First Division, National Guard State 
of New York. 

F'lurth— second Division Match, same conditions; open to teams 
from the Second Division. 

IKfth— New York Statu Match, same conditions as the Division 
matches; open to teams of twelve from all regiments in the Nations] 
Guard. In case two or more regiments from any of the division- of l&e 
National Guard (outside the limits of the First and Second Divisions) 
shall participate in this match, the one making the highest score will re- 
ceive the prize offered by the State to this division. 

liixth— New Jersey Match. 200 and SIR) yards, live shots each distance; 
open to teams of twelve from each regiment of New Jersey N. G.; Wea- 
pons, such as shall be designated by the Governor of that State 

.■ir.vnih—Arin'j n',-1 Xnnj .l.mrnul Match, rax) yards, seven shots; 
open to teams of twelve from any military organization, in the United 
.states, including the regular forces. 

Eujlah— Tin: Gatling Match, 500 yards, seven shots; open to teams of 
twelve from each regiment of the National Guard of the State. 

.Sintli— All (Joiner's Match, 500 and 600 yards, seven shots e„eh dis 
ranee; open to all comers; any military rifle. 

j c ;!h— Consolation Match, 500 yards, seven shots; open to unsuccess- 
ful competitors; any military rifle. 

MteveiU/l— Bennett Long-range Championship. SCO, HOD and lilOO yards 
fifteen shots each distance; any rifle within the rules; open to all comers 

The particulars of the prize list cannot be announced as 
yet, further than that for the Bennett Champiouship the 
prizes will be : First prize, silver trophy, costing .$350, to 
become Ihe absolute property of the winner ; second 
prize, cash, $100; lour prizes of tsOO each, *200 ; lour prizes 



of $30 each, $ 120; four prizes of $20 each, $80; ten prizes 
of $10 each, $100: ten prizes of $5 each. $50, making a total 
of $1,000. 

For the other matches there will be the Gating gun, pre- 
sented by the Gating Gun Company ; the State and division 
prizes, presented by the State; the Army and Navy Journal 
trophy, presented by W. C. and F. P. Church ; eleven 
silver-mounted rifles, presented by Ketnington & Co. ; a cup 
presented by Hon. Nathaniel Niles, another by General 
Woodward, a long range rifle presented by the Sharpe 
Manufacturing Company. Tn addition there will be a 
number of cups, medals, badges, &c, presented by the 
Association, and quite a number of other prizes by various 
parties, to Ihe Association. The first day of the match will 
be devoted to firing at 200 yards and the matches limited 
to the National Guard disposed of during the first two days. 

—The team selected to shoot against the Irish Eight ha 
agreed to practice together ever Wednesday and Saturday, 
firing fifteen shots at 800, 900, and 1.000 yards, besides 
their private practice. The Amateur Kifle Club will pro- 
vide each one of the team with 500 rounds of ammunition, 
and will also pay for their transportation. Messrs. Ketn- 
ington & Son have offered tn supply, without charge, 
whatever cartridges may be required by those of the team 
who shall use their ritlc, which will considerably reduce 
the expenses of the club. It is probable that Col. Gilder- 
sleeve will accept the management of the team, in which 
case another member will be added to Ihe team to shoot in 
his place. Col. Wingate was expected to take this duty, 
but business engagements will prevent. 

—As the following names have been s<mt over by Mayor 
Leech for entrance in the all-comers' match of the National 
Rifle Association, il is safe to presume that their team will 
be selected from them: J. Basnell, J. B. Hamilton, P. 
Walker, E. Johnson, W. Waterbo.tse, J. K. Millner, H. 
H. Foster, J. Wilson, J. Riffby, and J. Doyle. 



THE MONTREAL. RIFLE MATCH. 

[Front our own Corrci'poiuUnl.] 

MosTitcu.. August lrili. ISM. 

KlilTOK I'.dlKsT AND NTKKAJi: — 

As your paper lakes much interest in rille shotting, I will give you a 
summary or the winning scores at our Provincial rille matches just con- 
cluded: 

No. I, or opening match, comiin.nly culled "Bryd£es" t'hallcnge 
Cup and Snider Championship Hatch," which wtu -hot for at WW. 
600 and tiOO yards, live shots each ran.-- ««- won by a .-cure of 51 points. 



it &X> ya 



- -r each, 
y Colonel 



■. ai ;>r: 



four or Ave. 'Jus; lowei 

No. 3 match-Seven 
Gildersleeve. A. li. A, 
points. 

No. 1- Battalion match, squads or five men. seven shots each at 500 
and 600 yards; winning sere. '.M5: highest. Individual score made by 
"one-eyed Joe" Ferguson, 49 points. 

No. 6 match— Seven shots at 100 yard-; tlireee highest scores full 

No. match— live shots each at 500 and 000 yards: winning score, 34; 
Yale second, 33; Gildersleeve sixth, vviih 33; lowest prize score, -JO. pri- 
zes, 27. Wind very troublesome and strong. 

No. T match— Standing, at St'0 yards, seven 8ho's: winning -core, ::i. 
second 23, lowest prize score, 21: 20 prizes; still left wind. 



. K. 



No. 8 m 


itch- 7 s 


iota! 


winning -< 


ore, 2H p 




A. B.C.! 


o,ve.-l p 




No. a in 


lch-8C\ 


en si 


shots eacl 


, S00 and 


900 


with 55 on 


I of poss 


We ." 


N >. 10 i 


latch— il 


Hen 


ell. 48; lov 







and liOO yard- e 



der rifle, Won by 3d p iroia; 39 I 

t have eiveliVMi, above a tolcrjl 

The t'u-t seven matchi - "ere ail i 

bote. We had thepteusnreof &\ 

Club or New York, aiiioiu-i wl,.,, 

gate, Messrs. Pulton, Vale Cai 

Gildersleeve shot brilliantly and 

every match he lived in with the 

gulshed himself by winning the 

score of33 in ten shots at 500 and HOT! yards, 

contly in No. B und 9, making 1!) bullsoyes tn 

S00 and IIIIO yards, winning liist prize in No. S 

Cunticldnlso won a prize in No. s match, the 

ofupoeible&l. Colonel fli'.dendeeve, I holi 



hi „.. ii,ii, by Bell, 'i 


Toronto, 


,: lowe.-l prize score. 17 


■-'0 prizes. 


) yards. Won by sancier, 


49; Mitch. 


"' ""•" ""'iplniiio ■ 


the wind 




ards. Snip 


ncctlTOte -.onniny'nf'.h 


■ shooting. 


■ irj WCB| e. B,-9a 


id lo small 


from -v, r.di.r the An 


alenr Hide 


■ re Colon! 1- t.ildcrsleev 


Mind Win- 


d. and one or two oilier 


j. Colonel 


ironghly -n-mlilv. being 


well IID1L 


ilarv weapon. Mr. Yale also di-tin- 


ond prize in No. li match, With a 



jUnchtitiQ and Routing. 



mid h 
e Mel 



li No. 



i hin 



Wingate. h'-uln 






i-iug Gildersleeve to pass his 
WM, he made the creditable 
; match a good joke occurred, 
•hulling Ksdaile, who had no in- 
: their scores for 50 cent pieces 
against mm. lie entered to snoot against Cilderslt-.eve. and the score 
was-G. 4 i 2 .1 3 3 8-81 K. 1 3 I .; I 3 3 23. which look ihe second prize, 
much to everybody's amusement. At the conclusion of the small bore 
chauipiou-liip inatch. a runior was talked about the ground that a man 
called 1'illeld, from Michigan, tw ho called himself one Of the A. II. C. 
but was not acknowledged by them) wanted to nack himself to shoot al 
500 yards, standing, tor J100, against any one on the ground, rapt., in 
EsdailO, who was uot sl.ojting. but had come to see the liliish of the 
match, look him up for £10, and the result was— Esdaile, 3 3 342 33-21; 
Snider; Fiueld. 2 2 3 2 3 2 3 IT: Ketttingtoo. I believe Filield shot after- 
ward- against two others, whom he hear easily with a very small score. 
Shooting from tile shoulder at 500 vaids in a bree/.e wu- no easy work. 
and the Captain had to thank his coolness und good luck for making „, 
fair a score as centres from the shoulder at -o long a range. The inn,.- 
nucleoli! of the matches was very fair, ami no complaints were heard, 
except from inveterate grumblers, whom nothing can satisfy. We Were 
all deli,. hted to meet the members of the A. H. ('.'., und our unly i egret 
was that there was not more of them 

Hoping that your men will -urprise the Irish eight, and my word for 
it they will certainly do so if you have many men like those who favored 
us wild a visit, 1 am, yours truly, Roval. 

The foregoing' eume one day too late for publication in 
our last week's issue. — Eo. 



UlGfl WATER. FOR THK WEEK. 



Date. 


Ronton. 


Sew Tori. 


G'haiteton. 


Aug', 28. '. '. ' ... '. ..'.'.',',.'.' '.'.'.]'.'..'."" 
Aug. 29 


11 29 
eve 12 

57 

1 40 

2 2H 
6 13 

', - 


H. M. 

8 t2 

a 5rt 

S 43 

in 25 

11 8 

11 58 

eve 55 


H. M. 

1 29 
8 12 

8 37 

9 40 

10 88 


Sept, 1 

Sept.2 


11 13 

eve 8 



— The American Institute Fair will be formally opened 
to the put-lie on Wednesday, the 9th day of September, and 
will continue until the 14lh of November, 



— In response to requests from several of our inland sub- 
scribers, we have briefly prepared a list of the kinds of 
yachts mostly used in this country. Yachts may be pro- 
pelled by steam and sail. Leaving the classification of the 
steamers to a steam department, we will turn our attention 
to the sailing vessels, which may be subdivided in the first 
place into centre-board or keel, and we would state that 
yachts may be either the one or the other, Irrespective of 
rig, as ill our country it seems no yacht, is too small to be a 
keel-boat, or too large to be a centre-board bout. We ltave 
already described Whitehall bonis and canoes in tlteso 
columns, so passing by them lo the next smallest type, we 
generally find them of the cat-boat rig ; this is simply a 
boat with one sail, the mast slepped to the very bows; 
these yachts range in si/.e from fourteen to twenty-five feet 
in length, and are occasionally longer, Anulher rig for 
boats of about the same dimension- is the sloop, in which 
case the mast is stepped further afl, the yacht receives a 
bowsprit and a head sail, called a jib. We nexl conic, to 
another class of sloops, ranging lliirly-ihi'ce and thirty-five 
feet iu length, which, as is the case with all Ihe kinds no- 
ticed to this time, are open boats, but are dignified with a 
topmast, a sail set above the mainsail, called a gall' (opsail, 
and another jib, set front the end of the bowspril In Ihe 
top masthead, called a jib topsail, From i his size up, the 
sloops generally have cabins, but the rig remains nearly the 
same. Some sloops having a Hying jib-boom, which is a 
spar extending out beyond tile bowsprit ; from the end of 
this spar to the lower masthead is set the (lying jib, the jib 
topsail in this case setting between the end of the Hying 
jib-boom and the topmast head. Sloops of this kind rnnge 
up to about seventy feet in length, seldom larger. 

The schooner yacht is a vessel with two musts; Ihe for- 
ward one, which is called the foremast, has a foresail fore- 
gall topsail and head-sails corresponding to the rig of the 
large sloops; the main mast has a main sail and main gall 
topsail, and between the two masts a Iriatigulars'til, shaped 
like a jib somewhat, setting between the foremast ami main 
top mast heads; litis is called a main top masi stay -,ul. 
These are the plain sails; for racing there are vario s bal- 
loon sails and kites. The schooner rig is used in vessels 
from sixty to one hundred and thirty feet in length. There 
are some yachts even larger than this. &t some future 
time we may be able to give a mote detailed description of 
the various kinds of yachts. 

The RrvEnsiDE Yacht Club of Yonkers has now on its 
roll twenty names and a fleet of four sloops, as follows : 
Belle, owned bv Col. T. F. Morris; Flying Cloud, Win. P. 
Smull. Palisade Mountain House; Frolic Henry Weed, 
New York; and Hippie, Frank Post, Yonkers. Tlie othcers 
of Ihe club are : Col. Thos. F. Morris, commodore; Wm. 
F. Smull, vice commodore; Wm. H. Sweiiy, secretary; W. 
R. Ware, treasurer; Frank Post, measurer; Dr. F. S. 
Grant, fleet surge6u. On the 23d instant it started on a 
cruise, ending with a regatta at Ked Bank, .New Jersey. 

—The Isles of Shoals Regalia, sailed on Ihe 30th instant, 
was fully as successful as the large number of entries pro- 
mised. "Out of the sixty-seven yachts which had signified 
their intention of competing upon this occasion, forty- four 
actually appeared upon the scene in racing trim and reads 
for the affray, The prizes, the gift of Mr. John K. Poor, 
amounting to something over .$400 in Value, were nl, u, , i, 
the following manner. The first prize for the first class a 
solid coin silver punch bowl and ladle, of elegant design 
and workmanship, was designated for the fastest boat in 
the class, which comprises sloops and schooners measuring 
thirty-eight feet and upward on the water line. The second 
prize for this class is a large, powerful marine glass, to be 
awarded lo the successful yacht of a dtftcreat size. 

The second class includes centre-board and keel sloops 
and schooners measuring twenty-five feet and less than 
thirty-eight feet, The first prize* being a pair of elegant 
silver napkin rings of special design, and the second an 
aneroid barometer. 

The third class includes centreboard a-d keel bOttU 
measuring twenty feet and less than twenty-live feet. The 
first prize, a silver pitcher, and the second an aneroid ba- 
rometer. The first to be awarded in the same manner as 
the first prize in other races, and the second prize to be 
awarded to ihe second boat, irrespective of rig. 

Promptly at 13:30 the preparatory signal gun was filed, 
and ten minutes later the lowering of the signal of ihe 
Boston Yacht Club gave notice to the first class lo starf. 
All the yachts covered the line within the required time of 
fifteen minutes, and, after a lapse of live minutes more, the 
signals starting the second class were given. When tliese 
vessels were out of the way, the third class settled down to 
their work, anil the spectacle of forty four racing yaehls 
presented to the crowds on the accompanying Steamers and 
on the shore well repaid them for their enterprise in 



however, inclining lo be flukey, and diminishing percepti- 
bly towards the close of the race. One of the most iiH-it- 
estiug features of this regatta was the presence Of the cele- 
brated schooner America, and from her performance after 
hauling on the wind, it is doubtful whether she has lost 
much of her old form, or in fact whether we have a 
schooner in the country who is her equal to windwaid in a 
seaway. The breeze was entirely too'light for her to save 
Uer allowance of thirty-five niinutea from her il, , i 



FOREST AND STREAM. 



45 



ragonist, the " Fearless." The " Vindex" won gallantly, 
and demonstrpted the. fact that, she is the fastest sloop in 
the Country to windward in sen, for her victoiy over 
ibc ' Coining" was scored entirely on weatherly qualities, 
1 he latter proving herself fully as Vast off the wiud. Pro- 
bably the most general interest was manifested in the third 
class race. 

At 3:2:59 the firing of a gun from the judges' boat 
announced that, the first yacht, the LL OHve" hart crossed 
the judges' line on the return, Ih. 41m. 29s. after the start- 
ing of the lir.st yacht in the class, and 3h. 2m. ITs. from the 
starting of the America in the first class. She was followed 
so closely by lite Fannie that there was only 19 seconds 
difference in their return time. The next two bouts in 
were the Sunbeam and the Hiram B., the difference in 
their time being ouly six seconds. AYi'hin 28m. Is. from 
the time of the "return of the first boat, fifteen of the boats 
of flits class had passed the line. The Wanderer of this 
class arrived some time later, and signified her intention of 
protesting, on the ground that all the other yachts of her 
dans 1 1 ml gone the wrong course. 

The Lillie was I be lirst yacht in the second class which 
inn in an appearance, Sh.tJSm, 50s. from the time the first 
boat started in the class, having made the seventeen mile 
course in Sll. 29m. 13s. In six minutes six seconds it was 
followed by the Fva, aud with the exception of the Ambro- 
typc, which did not put in an appearance at all, all of the 
boats of tills class were over the judges' line within 37m. 

gfis, 

Within an hour after the arrival of this class, the America 
cioiie bowling in under full sail, leading the large yachts, 
and was welcomed in the most enthusiastic manner. Cp 
to half-past six o'clock, only six of the yachts in the first, 
class whose lime is given in the summary below had ap- 
peared : — 

yiKST CLASS— COURSE T1IIETY MILKS. 

Time of Time of 

starting. return. 

//, M. S. U. M. S. 

America IB 42 5 2S 13 

Juniata 12 42 30 « S5 07 

Sprite 12 42 45 

Coming 12 43 18 !> 1» 50 

Nautilus 12 43 59 

WlltaD ... ,- 12 44 30 

Fearless 12 45 38 5 54 11 

Lydia 12 46 15 

Vira 12 46 33 ti 03 33 

Ray 12 47 23 

Curlew 12 47 40 

Vindex 12 47 49 5 41 06 

Annie JVI - 12 47 55 

Alter making the usual corrections of time in order to 
correspond with the measurements, the judges awarded 
the first prize in this class to the Vindex, and the second 
10 the. Fearless. 

SECOND CLASS— COtTBSE SEVENTEEN .MILES. 

Napoleon 1 00 40 3 44 49 

Naiad Queen 1 01 05 3 57 40 

Eva ... 1 02 OS 3 39 36 

Mist 1 OS 22 3 55 28 

Ambiolype 1 02 40 

Anuie si 1 03 23 3 48 29 

Julia 1 03 51 3 58 15 

Lillie 1 04 17 3 33 30 

Saxon 1 04 31 4 02 11 

Nina - 1 0+ 43 3 48 47 

Whisper 1 05 14 4 11 26 

Magic 1 05 14+ 8 40 43 

Parceliie 1 05 22 3 54 42 

After making the usual allowances for measurements, 
the first prize was awarded to the Eva, and the second to 
the Parcelus, which is Pilot boat No. 1 of Portsmouth. 

THIRD CLASS — COURSE ELEVEN MILES, 

Annawau 1 21 30 3 20 34 

Lidie 1 22 15 3 23 04 

Sunbeam 1 22 34 3 04 06 

Olive 1 22 48 3 02 59 

Ripple 1 23 04 3 04 58 

Lizzie I 23 19 3 22 53 

May 1 23 28 

Fannie 1 24 30 3 03 18 

Freddie 1 24 4! 3 13 31 

Wanderer 1 24 41J 3 47 43 

lliramB 1 25 04 3 03 59 

White Wing 1 85 04 3 24 04 

Phantom 1 25 11 

Atmes 1 25 29 3 16 OS 

Posev I 25 48 3 06 04 

Alice 1 26 43 3 31 00 

Cvcla 1 27 09 3 12 03 

Mabel 1 28 22 3 11 11 

The first prize was awarded to the Fannie, and the. sec- 
ond to the Posey. 



Lynn Yacht Club.— The second championship regatta 
of the Lynn Yacht flub in the championship series for the 
silver cups was sailed Tuesday, P. M., 18th instant, on the 
Wafers of Lyrin Harbor, Mass., under the most favorable 
circumstances. The course of the first-class was six miles 
long, and of the second and third clas es. nine miles. Of 
the first class the 3'nehls Lillie, Magic, Haymaker, and Lotta 
contested— Lillie winner; of the' second, the Fleei wing, 
Lizzie, .Utile, Kate, aud Mary Ann— Fleelwing winner; of 
the third, the Mabel, (Gapfain Roberts,) Mabel, (Captain 
Cushmau,) and Peri— Mabd (Roberts) winner. As the 
Fketwing and Mabel have each won two races in their re- 
spective classes, no more races will take place for second 
aud third class yachts. A race will now have to be sailed 
between the first class yachts to decide to whom shall be 
awarded the silver cup" in this class. This race will take 
place on Tuesday, Sept. 1. 

—A race for $300 took place on the Delaware, Aug. 24th, 
between the yachts Willie Kleintz, A. L. Dager, A. T. %- 
glcsion, Slrimmel and Hillman. The course was twelve 
miles long, with two turns. The contest was won by the 
Klcinlz by half an hour, Strimmel second and Dager third. 

—On Tuesday the Tom's River Yacht Club sailed a re- 
galia for the challenge cup and other prizes. The result 
will be given in our uext. 

— We call the attention of our yachting readers to notice 
of Mr. Thomas Manning's "Commodore's Signal Book," 
Which appears among our book reviews of this week, and 
we cordially recommend it 10 anyone desiring a work of 
that kind. 

—Morris, of Pittsburg, has replied to Geo. Brown, at 
Halifax, Nova Scotia, that the time named by letter for the 
race, on Sept. 3, is too short, and offers Brown $400 for ex- 
penses if he will go to Pittsburg and row, about the middle 
of September. 

— The National Association of Amateur Ooarsmon will 
hold their second annual regatta over the Laureate course 
at Troy, N. Y., on September 3d and 4th. There will be 
four races— single shell, double shell, pair-oared shell, and 
four-oared shell. The races will all be straight away, one 
and a half miles. The pair and double will be decided in 



the first dash, but the single and four-oared, on account of 
the numerous entries, will be rowed in trial heats, the win- 
ners to row a final heat. Protests against any of the fol- 
lowing entries can be made until August 2!), with the Sx,.c- 
Tetary. E. R. Craft, box 7013 Post Office, New York:— 



Atalanta Boat Club. Ni 
Graincrey Boat 
Quaker City Boat Chili 
Cedar Binds HowinL' A 
New York Athletic i In 
Beavenvick Rowing CI 
H. Girvin. 



Me, 



Spring*— Ch C. Myers 
;, Yates and W. B. Curtis. 
-James Wilson und Joseph 



f H">. 11 . >> • lll.l IMI1MII-, 1, . I.;, .„ IATI 1^1,, , 

Beaverwyck Kowiuiri.'lub, Album-, X V.— Ccore'e W. Lathrop, Joseph 
H. Girvin.' James Wilson. William R. mils. 

Graniercy Boat. Club. New York.-7-w", K.' Williamson, stroke; H. M. 
Howell, bow; substitute, Et. R. Mills. 

AtalnutaBoiucluu. New York— Bussed WitharMttokc; Oliver T.John- 
eon, bow , BUbStitntt, B. B. Bainbridge. 

Argonu-.iiaR.ivm,' \-soc.iatiou. 1.1- ,r'i. n Point, N. J,— F. C. Eldred, 
etioke; Edward Smith, how; substitute^ Benjamin Stephenson, Wal 
tcr Man. 

Argonaut Bout Club, Toronto. Canada— B. Lamb, A. Iaington. 

Atalana Boat Club, New York 
William 11. Spears. R. B. Bainbi 
Tin odore Van liud-n and Edwan 

Argonauts Hovvin:: i-- ■•■■■ en. Im-c-h Idem. X. J V c Idkin d, 
stroke.; Belli, s. ,. ,.,-.., . , . , W ■, I i ei dan: L'.dwav.J Smith, bow: *uh-ti- 
tntes, M. A. Phillips and E. J. Bran.hall. 

Beaverwyck Rowing Club, Albany 
J. Gormam R. T. Gorman; Williun 
Doncaster. Jr., and William It. Hills. 

Duquesne Boat Club. Alleghany citv. J'a.— Frank ltraunon, stroke; 
Samuel Moodv. George Seharf; .lolin Strailb, bow. 

Grumcrev Boat club, Nov. York— W.K. Williamson, stroke; II. SI. 
Howell. Hi R. Mill-,. W. V. Gannon; Ilmv; aub-iiti.ie. A. Uleseman. 

Wall Wuh Sum Boat Club, Kasinuw, Michiuun— V. B Paine, stroke; 
Henrv Smith. I'. Manning; James Jerome, bow; substitutes, E. Y. 
1 ove'and J. W, Alexander. 

Buffalo Bowing Club, Buffalo; N. Y.— C. W. Baldy, bow; It. H. Hub- 
bard, J. B, Green; C. E. Dunbar, stroke. 

Argonaut Boat Club, Toronto. Canada— H. O'Brien, bow: E. K. Gras- 
sett, A. Langton; R. Lambe, stroke. 



Tbe Saratoga Rowing Association will hold their sec- 
ond annual regatta on Saratoga Lake, to-morrow being the 
first day, and will continue on the 29th, 81st, aud Septem- 
ber 1st.' The following arc the list of entries, bill arc sub 
ject lo alterations:— 

junior single sctrnLS. 

Saratoga Rowing Association. Saratoga. N. Y.— James Rfloy, W> A, 
Costar. 

Cedar Bluff Rowing Club. Saratoga, N. Y.— C. 0. livers 

Chesapeake Boat clnh. Norfolk, V'a,— Fred Hardy. 

Vernon Club, savannah, Ga.— CTeeuge Sciiley. 

Carolina Independent CI no. Clial ie.-T'll, Is. c — I 'f Santera Bu'l 

Seawanliaka Club, Graeiipolot, I,. I.— Ada in Harslacher. 

Orammercv club. New York— David Roach. 
Amateur Boat, club, I'onland, Me.— SI. F. Davis. 
Gleam Boat Club. Bath, Me.— W. R. Shaw. 
Argonaut Rowing Club, Toronto. Canada.— A. Langtou. 

'- ■'■•■ii'. a-- KinUae Clnh Alb 1 1 '■, , N Y . , '■ ''. Ida Mil • doa.-li'r, II 

Girvin. 

Atlantic Boat Club, Hoboken, N. J.— P. Christie Ackerman. 

EXTllA 81SOLK SCCT.LS. 

Argonaut Rowing idltib, Toronto, Canada.— A. Langtou. 
Gramercy Rowing Club, New York.— James O'Ncil. 

Beaverwyck Rowing Club, Albany, N. Y.— .lames. Wilson, James H . 

Union Springs Boat Club. Union Springs, N. Y.— R. H. Robinson, E. 
C. Courtney. 
Amateur Bout Clbb, Portland, Me.— SI. F. Davis. 
Gleam Boat el, id. Bath. Me,— W. F. Stevens. 

~ ring Association, Bergen Point, N. J.-B. Stephenson, 

ark. - \V. B. Cnnis, P. E. Yates. 

lauv, N. Y.-Perrv C, Euing, Jr. 
Ho ,t Club, Charleston, S. ed — lie Saussuro Bull, 
H-iatioti, Saratoga, N. Y.— .James Rilev. 
• toga, N. Y.— C. C. Myers. 



Saratoga Rowing Association. Saratoga, N. "i .—James Riley. 

'. ,-d'lr Blind Ko.Miia club. Saraloira, X Y — C. I.d Jlvels. 

Athletic Club. New York.— W. b: Curtis. F. E. Yates. 
Grainmerey club. New York.— David Roach. 

Union .Springs Boat Club, Union Springs, N. Y.— E. C. Connnur. 
Beaverw,ck Bowiui; club, Albany, N. V.— James Wilson. 
Audanta'Ciub, New York.— E. Blake. 

Atalanta Club. New Y'ork.— B. Withers, O. T. Johnson, W. H. Spear, 
K. B. Bambridge. Suiislitutcs, F, Blake, Van Ra.len, Aiex. Huudv. 

Atlaniie Boai club. Hoboken, N . J.— Dixon McQuinn, George Pinv, 
d nines Reek, Robert Lefman. 

Palmetto Club, cha. lesion. S. C— Henry It. Bull (bowl, D. C. Saus- 
snre Parker (No. 2), W. At. L. Lesesne (No. 8), H. Mott. Parker (No. 4). 

Potomac Boat (diuli, Georgetown, D. c— l-danl; Jones, A. J. SIcBlair, 
a. s. Truax, D. Coughlin. Substitutes, Z. T. Carpenter, W. J. Nichol- 

Vernon Club, Savannah, Ga.— H. Schley (No. -I), G. G. Kimball (No. 

3d G.-orge Schley (No. -Jl, J. Selllev ibow). 

Wah wah-siirn Hoai club, Saginaw. .Mich.— X. B, Paine, Henry Smith, 
P. Manning, James Jerome. Substitutes, E. G. Lovell, J. W. Alexun 

Duquesne Boat Club, Allegauv, Pa.— J. Straub (bow), Samuel Moody, 
George Scharild Frank Mrannan (stroke), 

Soavcanhaka Club, Gieennoint, L. I.— W. Knoih. R. II. Orr, J. H. 
Johnson, P. Elliott. Snb-tiiutes. John Kepplcr, W. Kelsev, W. Wilson. 

Beaverwyck Rowing club, Albanv. N. Y.— James Wnsun (bow), T. J. 
Gorman (No. SI. R. T. Gorman (No. :ii. W.Wilson (stroke). Substi- 
mies. Li Doucasti-r, \V. K. Hills.' 

Butlalo Rowing 'dub, ButTalo, New York.— C. W. Baldy (bow), K. 
Hubbard (No. 2), J. B. Greeu tNu. 31, C. E. Dunbar (stroke). 

Argonaut Rowing Club, Toronto, Canada.— H. O'Brien (bow), G. B. 
Grasetl iXo. lit, A. Langtou (No 3d II. Lauibe (Stroke). 

Grammercv Club. New York-vC. K. Williamson ibow!, H. R. Mills 
(No. II), II. M. Howell (No 3), St. F. Gannon (strokei. H. A. Palmstine, 
substirj 

terSlat 

T, Bramhall. 

DOeBLE 8CULC8 

Saratoga Rowing Association, Saratoga, N. Y T .— James Hiley, W. A. 
Costar. 

Athletic. Club New Y'oik— W. B. Curtis, iFilE, Y'ates. Substitnes. 
W, E. McCreadv, A. \V . Rattiboue. 

Mutual Boat t lub, Albanv, N, Y.— Geo. Hughes, stroke, Petty C. Br- 
ing, Jr., bow. W. E. Moi'sley. substitute. 

Beaverwyck Bowing club. Albany, N. Y". — James H. Girvin, bow, G. 
W. Lathrope, stroke-' Substitutes,' James Wilson, W. B. Hills. 

Vernon Club, Savannah, Ga.— U. Schley. G. G. Kimball. 

Gramercv Club, New York.— W. K. Williams, H. SI. Howell, bow. 
H. It. Mill's, subsiitute. 

Argonoula Rowing Club. Bergen Point, N. J.— F. C. Eldred, Ed. Smith, 
and IS. Stevenson, Walter Slau. 

Argonaut Rowing Club, Toronto, Canada.— II. Lambe, No. 1, A. Lang- 
ton, No. 2. 



— Ou August 15th the railroad clubs of the Chicago, 
Rock island and Pacific road, and tbe Burlington aud 
Quincy played a match at Chicago, on the White Stocking 
Club grounds, which resulted in favor of the C. R. 1. by a 
Bcore of 80 to 23. Bostwick led the score on the winniug 
aide, and Maxwell on the other. The C. B. and Q. nine 
led the sccrc up to the sixth innings, when the Rock island 
fellows got in 17 runs, and took a winning lead. 



$ew fljublirafioiis. 



OaSOW.1 



School Jouknal, The New Sfork Bsfuiol Journal has 

baen united with the Ti/Ultntted Educational Ntrit'S and the College Jie- 
rtec, under tue title of the New York Schail Journal «»Itf Educational 
Hent.iv. The new journal, under the editorial lnauaeeinent of \V. I.. 
Stone and Amos SI. Kellogg, promises to be a valuable unxilliary to the 
educational interests of the dav. it, is published Weekly at Si,5(. a year. 
Office, 17 Warren sired . 

CoMMour he's Signal Hook. We Have received a copy 
of Mr Thomas Manning's publication, entitletl the '■Commodore's Sig- 
n»l Book, and we lake pleasure in recommending it to tart nq.iaiic. read- 
ers. This work has beeu published under the auspices or tbe Cunard 
Steamship Company and Brooklyn Yacht Club, and contains charts of 
dags, funnel mark- and night signals of all ilia Steamship companies, 
charts of the signals of all American yachts belonging to recognized 
clubs, lists of the officers, and tables containing the diiueniions and rig 
of yachts belonging to these various clubs, lists of pilot bunts, life saviutr 
stations, lido tables, locality of lide stations, moon's phases, and acts of 

The book has evidently been compiled willi great care, and from offl- 

comingau annual. No expense has been spared in rendering il most at- 
tractive, and the paper, typography, priming or the charts and gencval 
excellence and taste of the work throughout render it by far the hand- 
somest volume of the kind we have even seen. Orders for copies of this 
work should he addressed to Sir. Thos. Martulng, 188 Fulton street. 
New York. 



Goon Moccasins. — Mr. Frank Good, the celebrated 
shoepack maker of Manchester, New Hampshire, has re- 
peatedly complained to us that he was unable to fill the 
orders that reach him through his advertisement in Forest 
and Stbeam, and our recommendations of his goods. No 
doubt some of our readers have been prepared to bestow 
upon Ut some modicun of censure, because the articles have 
not been forthcoming, as we promised. All hands will 
uow feel relieved to know that Mr. Good has so increased 
his facilities for manufacturing that he can fill all orders 
sent. We advise our readers to order only the Canadian 
patterns and not the laced brogans. Good's goods are 
good. 

AMENDED GAME LAWS. 

HEW HAMPSflTKE. 

Section 1 . No person shall in any way destroy, between the 1st day of 
April and the 15th day of Ocloher in each year, any mink, otter, beaver. 
sable or flsher, under penalty of $«> for each animal so destroyed. 

Sec. 2, No person shall in any way destrov, oelween the 1st, day of 
May and the 1st day of October in each year, any inuskrat under penalty 
of $5. 

Sec. S. No persou shall take, kill, or destroy any of the auinials known 
as hares, between the 1st day of March and the 1st day of October of each 
year, under penalty of $5. 

Sac. 4. No person shall expose poison Tor the destruction of annuals. 
or auy other purposes, under penalty of $50. 
If any person shall, at any pe i-on o 



year, take, kill or de- 
, blue birds, span ows, 
itcliers, warblers, tap- 
odpeckers, buminiusr 
is birds, he shall foi- 



l the 1st day of February and the 
ir shall, be- 



stroy any of the birds called r. 
finches, buntings, martins, orioles, s 
agers, bobolinks, vireos, nut-hateher.- 
birds, or any other of the song birds 
feit the sum of $5. 

Sec. 6. If auy person shall, betwet 
•1th day of Jnly in anyyear, lake, kill or destroy any woodcock, o 
tweeu the 1st. day of February and the 1st day of August of each your, 
take, kill or destroy any of the birds called plover, yellow legs, sanri- 
pipers or rails, or shall, between the 1st day of February aud the 1st day of 
September of #ach year, lake, kill or destroy any rutted gtotisc, partridges 
or quails; or shall, within the respective times aforesaid, sell, buy or have 
in possession any of said bu'ds, he sbaj forfeit for each bird so taken, 
killed, destroyed, bought, sold, or bad in possession, the sum of $lt\ 

Sec. 7. No person shall ai any time or place within this State, take any 
grouse, partridge or quail, with any trap or snare, under penalty of $10, 
except upon his own grounds. 

Sec, 8. Section Ave shall not apply to any professional taxidermist, or 
to any one collecting specimens for the purpose of illustraiing natural 
history In any educational institution; nor shall this act apply to any per- 
sons who may kill or destroy any of said birds or animals doing damage- 
on his premises. 

Sec. II. Section three of chapter ecu of the General Statutes is hor»by 
repealed, together with all other acts inconsistent herewith. 

Approved July 3, 18' 4. 



— A Valuable Recipe. — The Journal «/' Chemistry pub 
lishes a recipe for the destruction of insects, which if il 
be one-half as efficacious as it is claimed to be, will prove 
invaluable: — 

Hot alum water is a recent suggestion as an iiiseciieide. 
It will destroy red and black ants, cockroaches, Spiders, 
chintz bugs, aud all the Crawling pests which infest our 
houses. Take two pounds of alum and dissolve it in 
three or four quart? of boiling water; let. it stand on the 
tire till the alum disappears; then apply i I. with a _ brush, 
while nearly boiling hot, to every joint and crevice iu your 
closets, bedsteads, pantry shelves aud the like. Brtisli 
Ihe crevices in the floor of the skirting or mop boards, if 
you suspect that tbey harbor vermin. ~ If, in whitewashing 
"a ceiling, plenty of alum is added to the lime, it will also 
serve to keep insects at a distance. Cockroaches will llee 
the paint which has been washed in cool alum water. 
Sugar barrels and boxes can be freed from ants by drawing 
a chalk mark just, around the edge of the top of them. 
The mark must be unbroken, or they will creep over il , 
but a continuous chalk mark half an inch in width will set 
their depredations at naught. Powdered alum or borax 
will keep the chintz bugs at a respectable distance, and 
travellers should always carry a package in their hand- 
bags, to scatter over and under their pillows in places 
where they have reason to suspect the presence of such 
bed-fellows. 



—The "Wild Oats" and "Frank Leslie" newspaper base 
ball nines played a seven innings game at Prospect Park 
last Saturday, "Wild Oats" winning by a score of 28 to 7 



4o 



FOREST AND STREAM, 



§itith< far the Rummer ^aurist. 

Collingwood and Lake Superior. 

HPHE FOUR POWElUTLFlKrjT (LASS 
L sint; \\h i-;r;i. oppbb cabin steamers 

Chicora, Franco/ Smith, Cumberland and M'jo- 
V«a t running ia connection, with the Northern Rail- 
Way of Canada, leave CollingwQOd even- Tuesilny 
and Friday, culling it Owen Sound. Bruce'* Mines 
Suuli ste. Mnrie. Michipieoion. Netphrun. Silver 
Islet. Prince Arthur's. Landing, atul Dnlui;,. Direct 
connections with 

Fort Garry and the Red River Country. 

This route embraces a most picturesque and enjoy- 
able Summer louHu hich n.av tie made with greut uunl- 
t.irt ami :■: iiioiletalc out Cheapo;, urslon.s during 




Escape the Summer Heat — Goto Colorado. 

Splendid Hunting and Fishing! 



Beautiful Parks of the Rocky Mountains. 

For rheap rates and particular information address 

CJeiioml Passenger Agent, 25 South Fourth street. St. 

I i-. Mo., and he will cheerfully and promptly tell 

you all about it. jiilyit 



The Stonington Line 

BETWEEN 

NEW YORK & BOSTON. 



The Only Inside Route, via Providence. 

TEE NE]Y ANT)~ELEGAXT STEAMERS 
R-lvode Island, Capt. War. .M. .Tones, 
]>Jai"i*ag:aiiset.t, Catt. Ray At, lex, 
i-stoning-tou, Capt. Jesse Mott, 
FORM TUB FINEST FLEET OF SOUND 
STE A MERS LEA \MNG NEW YORK. 

Not a Trip Missedjn Six Years ! 

Daily from Pier-33 N.R.,foot Jay St. 
ATT 5 P. 3£. 

and magnlfi- 

DE 

30 
North Kiver, foot Chambers street, at. 12 o'clock, 
n<wn, »aa Pieffoot S3 EUvejt,«tl'E.M., ar- 

riving "m Boston the same evening, affording passen- 
gers a sail through 

Long Island Sound by Daylight. 

HBTUHXING— Traiii leaves Boston at 8 P. M., 

connecting Willi the RHODE [isI.AND ill Stonington 
:,i 1(1-15 P.M.. mill ar*vins in X™ York at 6 A. M 
EXCURSION TICKETS to Stonington and back, 
i-i.ii. ■• trip, JS, L. W. FIL1UNS. 

tiener.il Passenger Agent, Pier 33 North Kiver. 



SPECIAL NOTICE.--^™? agf 

ISLAND, will on uii.l afcr -1 I. N K '-Md, leave Pier 3' 



Fishing and Hunting 

Reduction-Only $13. 

Do ton to Moosehead Lake and Return. 

Bcadtlie Folio -vviiig-,* or the 

Best Fishing and Hunting 
RESORTS. 

On Conway Division. Eastern Tt. R., Brook Trout. 

Trains leavc'Loston S:15 A. XL and 3:15 P. Al. 
Ran^elv lakes, via. Furniingtnn, Xle. I Largest 
Umba.'bg lakes, via. Or Tr'k to Uethel.Me. }■ Brook 
Upper waters of Penobscot. ) Trout. 

Moosehead Lake, via. Dexter, Me., Lake and Brook 

Trout. 

tondlle'strea.n.^-' 110 ^' 18 '"'" "- 

New Brunswick. Prince h.lf. nr.: Island and Nova 
Scotia, Salmon, SeaTronr ni.il Brook Trout. 

Trains leave Boston 8:15 A. M. and 6:«0 P. M. 

Pullman ears on night trains. 

Good hunting, large and small game in all the above 
localities in their season. 

For maps, fare, tables. Ac, address or call at 13 
Washington, street, Boston, Mass. 

Eastern and Maine Central R.R. Line. 

GBO. F. Field, 
l.'en'l Puss. Agent. 



Long Branch and Philadelphia, 

Via New Jersey So. Railroad, 

COMMENCING MONDAY, JULY 27, 1874. 
Leave New York from Pier 8.N. ft., foot of Elector rt. 

7:00 a. m.— For Long Brunch, Seabright, and High- 
lands. 

;i:-15a. m. -For Philadelphia. T.ong Brauch, Waie- 
town, Tilfkerloli mill P.lidgeton. 

1:10 p. m. Tor Philadelphia, Lour; Branch, Waretown 

"'llj'iiSlerll'^rt^' R ' [ F<>rT.ongBarucl, & c 

4:30 D.m.- For Long I'.nm.h, \\ uielow'n, &c. 

5:30 p. m.— For Long Brauch and intermediate sta- 
tions. 

On STTNDAYS, leave 34th Ft. Pier tit !i a. in., and 
Pier'S at 9:40 a. m. for Long Branch. Returning, or- 
rive Pier .= at U-sri p m ,-JHh street Pier al 7:10 p. m. 

Faiefrom New Voi k n Philadelphia, only gS Hi. 

Snudv Hook Excursions. 

The steamers KIVER BELLE and JANEXEOSET.Y, 
leaving New York at T. »:-t., ii.m .. 1 M0, c':45 and3:3D>.m. 
afford delightful excursions tlirciigh the Narrows and 
down the Bay to Saudv Hook, returning to New York 
at 10;00 a. in., 13:50 aud b:40 p. m. Fare from New 
York to Saudv Hook and return, oulv S1.00. junsH 

r. P. MuFADDEN, W. S. SNETVEN, 

Gen. Passenger Agent. General Manager. 



flinch for the .^ivijiuer fEouwtf. 



NEW SUMMER PRESORT. 

Cheap Excursions, 

Toronto to the Lakes of Muskoka. 

JDmly Line. • 

The Steamers Nipissing and Wenouali, 
The Northern Rairway of Canada. 



Fare only $0— Tickets Good to Return In n Mouth 

Tickets and full information to be had tit the North- 

i-i. :■,.! ...■,, .. i .-.- ... J '■ ..'II". 

A. P. COCRBURX. 
jly-'3m V. O. Toronto and Brnvajujurst 



III 



{"STKAJfctEItS to 

Eastern Maine, New Brunswick, 

Nova Scotia, Prince Edward islaud, Ac. 
THE 

ernational Steamshi) 

Corapauy'fs SteauKH's 

New York and City of Portland. 

will until Oclober 1st leave Boston nt •! a. in., and 
Portland at ti p. m. everv Mm. lav, Wednesday and 
Friday for Easlporl. Maine, and St. John. N'. 11.. for 

■ drew*, Prederickton and Shediac, N\i;.'. 

A most Desirable Monte for S(nnt<nifis. 

presenling a convenient and pleasant mode of acres* 
to the famous hunting and fishing ground- of the 
Eisiern nations, al very moderate rates of furc. For 
eircular, with map and d 

julysam 



W. 



SANFORD'S INDEPENDENT LINE. 

TIIIO STEAMERS C.\ M!(!M!li;l'.- 



K Jioiv, 

rnr'u- 



nguged prior t' 
July 93m 



Qigcrtx far ^yortgincn. 



w 



"SE. LACKAWAXEN, PIKE 

elaw'arc rl'i'cr." ill I lie inid'-l ot 



ncKiious. Board SS per week. Wagons and Carriage 
°juiylO JOHN S. WIL LIAMSO N. Prop. 



Rossin House, Toronto, Canada. 

SHEARS & SON, Proprietors. 
This house is a favorite rc-ort for gentlemen sports- 
men from all parrs ,.[ fa,- l ni-eci state.s an d Ciin inTi. 

FOREST HOUSE. AT STARK'S FALLS, FOOT 
of the Bog. O. J. Pelsiie. Proprietor. Boats aud 
experienced guides furuislie.l tu sporting parties at 
reasonable rates. P. O. address, Collon, St. Law- 
rcnceOo., N. Y. 

INTERNATIONAL HOTEL. 
NIAGARA FALLS, NEW YORK 
J. I. FULTON, Jr., Proprietor. 
Special rates to Boarders. "elitini 



WANTED-IN A PLEASANT LOCALITY, ONE 
'• mile from Greenwood Lake and three hours 

from N. Y.. a few families to board: panic prices. J. 
B. WILSON'. WestMilfurd. Passaic county. N. ,1 . 



Foxcroft Exchange, 

Foxcrdft and Dover Village, Me. 

Is NOW OPEN for permanent and transient board- 
ers. The house is new, and is in one or the moat 
attractive villag, ■* in New England, near Sebee Lake, 
with ils steam and sailboats, and extensive hind lock, .1 
salmon ti-liworks, and on the immediate bolder of 
exteneive forests. It is also surrounded by splendid 

The stable is slocked with go ■ 



The Crossnion House, 

ALEXANDRIA BAY, N. Y. 

0. CK08SMON&80N, PKOPRIETCR'S. 

THIS HOUSE. RECENTLY REBUILT AND ELE- 
guntry-fnriTlghcd, is now open forvi-itors 1; is 



Thousand Islunda region, 

view Of the St. l.awre.K 
and offers -very facility fo 

.: Cape' Vim 


delightful pll 

• the comfort. 

e band?' Stent 
int with the Uo 

Olid. 


ig and 
ltr- foi 
me, W; 


•-!.- 


town and Ogdensburg Rill. 


J 





Field, Cover and Trap Shooting. 

Bv Capt. A. H.Bogardus, Chaiiipiun Win- Shot of 
America. A valuable bonk for .ill sportemen. Con- 
taining practical hinls and Instructions for marksmen 
of the presetit day, upon guns and dogs, their u-e, 
&c; haunts and habits or cam 
&c. Large 12mo„ el ot h bindiiw. 3.10 pp., $2.00. 

The Fokest and Stkkam wi I i receive OJders and 
will furnish Captalu Bogardtu' book when published, 
about October 1;'. 



MISFIT CARPETS. 



§otels. 



TFHTOTS PLACE HOTEL, 
EUROPEAN PLAN. 

THOS. RYAIs & SON, 

BROADWAY. COR. FOURTEENTH STREET. 



East End Hotel, 

LONG BRANCH, N. J., 
L. B. SMITH & Co., Losses. 

Rates, $2 50 tnja 00 per day, including BoBrtl ttB'd 

Room, tmeinl (lilrniUm miid u, A'c ..- -'in,, l.in. 
REGULAK DINNER, :J1. THERE Is ALSO A 

TNioo Luneh Room, 

.. il'i.'i.-.l - . . . I ... establish. i. "iif. June a.sim 



Laird's Mansion House, 

LONG BRANCH. 

Wl¥i. L. IVIcINTIRE, Proprietor- 



Central Hotel, 

LONG BRANCH, N. J., 

OPEN Tlli:0!'OH(HT THE ENTIRE YEAR. 
Liberal arrangement* will be made with guests 
for the FALL AND sI'KINt:. Room* thonmqhhj 
null,'/. Address 1 1 . C. silt i [■ \| A k EI(. pr„p'r.. 
juuiMin East Long Hritnch P. O., N. J. 



^lathhtn siul ^fnrnhihiita ^aotl^. 




JToi* ji fii\<*£-elu.£ssi I>i-<'>;.-< or 

Business HAT, go direct to the manufacturer, 

ESPKNSCHEin. US Nassau street. 



c$}}i§cclhmous. 




Ordnance Lands Sale, 

TORONTO. 

PUBLIC NOTICE is hereby -:-.. i Urn duTTJE 



the 



... I- i 



Flirtiicrcimdiliolls, if considered necessary, will be 
declared at the time of sale. 

1... ,-- i.. accept l.oi.i.ui.ries and qnanliues as 

shown on the Ordnance plans. 
By Order, 

E. A. MEREDITH, 
lleputv of the Minister of The Interior 
WILLIAM I'. COl'I'TN. 

Commissioner of Ordnance 
and Admiralty Lund*. 
Ottawa, 1st Atiu;ii8t., 1674. 



TT1 & H. T. ANTTIONV & CO., 59*i 

Jli. Broadwi.v. N. Y.. op, M.!r..poliian Hotel. 
Cbromos and Frames. Siurcoscopei, and \ - 

"f'celeuri'lies. Plioto I ocuilty" Man- 

ufacturers nl Photographic Mate. 1. 1- Awarded l-irst 
l J reiiiium at Vienna Exposition. Jellly 



guidio 
To Moosehead Lake, 

Nortliern Maine, TvitiiMap. 

Price m 00. For sale as follows: 
NEWYORK-AndrewCle.k&Co. 48Maideu Lane. 
PHILADELPHIA— John Krider, cor 2d and Walnut, 
BOSTON -Bradford & Anthony, 186 Washington. 




§ hihthlybia. 




Breech and Muzzle Loading 

SHOT GUNS, 



tola and Target." 



' Apr- rely 



FISHING T .-V O Tv L E , 

In all its variety for BROOK. RIVER add 3B \ flshlua 

A. B. SHIPLEY & SON, 
,r.s COMMERCE STREET. PII11.A DELPHI \, 

Oriel to the (Hide a large- iissoiiiue.nl, con.pr.-.u- 
many article* ot thairown -;in ial ni.ike. 

FI.\K ll.l AM) ilX^S HODS 

or Iron. Lain,, and Cr-enh.-al t W is. Rem .nil 

li.«.l ii.oi.ii'.iu-s or the very j",ne*l 



I lis 




quaiiP 



..; .red.lnllN JAME- A StiNS No 
A large lot always on hand iff Sou 
l.ir.icd Calcium llanii.oo Poles. 

SPORTSMENS' DEPOT. 

JOHN K RIDER, 

Corner Se. d and Walnut Sir., fliiln.lelpnin. 

IMPORTER, MANUFACTURER and DEALI.!' iN 

i.uns. Rifles,, Pistols, and Fishing Taclcle 



•nlers in hi- line to 
lice-.I liainliuo Rods. 
We main 



in-*. ,vc. 
a larL'ft 
4 ly 



Shot and Bar Lead 

LK-i;i:>.i-li..'.i 1808.] 

OJfice, No. 121 Vulnut Street, 

Pliiladelpliia, Pa, 



V W. TAXIS, Al.UARiUAI MANUFACTURER 
-T J » llllddcali-i le i.-tU.l) J-'I-ll. AtiLATIC PLANTS 
1'ISU GLOBES. Ac .10 Norili Sixlli -,.,.. ". 
ijell.i.i.i. Putin Orders 6v m.sil attended to. 



Orange Sporting Powder. 

OIUNUE liohtnim; POWDER, 

The strongest and cleanest Powder made. No*. I 
to 7, packed only in sealed 1 lb, canisters. The coarser 

sizes e.-peel.-illy ;.]. !vc eciut ml.-.l o. .v. ... 

breech-londiiig guns, gn'iug -rent penetration \sill. 
very slighl recoil. 

ORANUK DUCEINW POWDER. 

Fur waterfowl. Very trouj w Nob. 1 to 

5. Packed in metal kegs i.i ip T lbs. each, and in cauis 
ters of 1 and 5 IDs-. 

AUDUBON POWDER, 

Yi'iv ijilii-k. Foi iv... ..'.. ... I ii ci .. ..' .'-..-. 1 1.. I. 
Packed in metal kegs nf Vli lbs. and «J lbs., and in 
pound canisters. 

ORANGE RIFLE POVVDHB, 

The bast for rifles and for all Drdinaivlinrpose*. 
*i.- ... !•'.- :-'!■.-. i-'i.'i.'.. . ii 
... -. ised Packed n 

13., !i; i .. and tij lbs., and in canister* ot 1 lb. Ulltl 

All of 'the above give high velocities and I -i 

[AmfiiND "POWDER Co., 

21 Park Row, N. Y. 

(Opposite Astor House i 



Pritchard Brothers, 

No. 94 Fulton St., N. Y. 

ALL KINDS OF 

Fishing Tackle 

Made mid repaired with the uUuosl despatch. 

ALSO. rtl^TAN-TLV (►;-■ liA^IT) 

THE BEST SELECTION OF rUOtT A7\I> HAI,- 
MO.\ HODS. HEELS t L1AHKH AAD FLIE8. 

Medals awarded at the "World's Fair aud American 
Institute for our superior Artiftciul I'iie.*. *i— 



Syracuse, N. Y. 

Gflns, Revolvers, Fisliiiis. lutkle, liasp- 
Ball Siipi>lies, Ac, Ac. 

Agooddouble-bDrrel. ctmlrral tire, breech-laadir.L' gun 
sent to auv address for 540. 

ETEltV CDS WARKVMIHI. 

n mm .initio., of i h e very bes t ipialliy a speci ally 

CHAMPAGNE, 

A 1V1XE OF C\ r R(YA l.LED EXCELLENCE 
AMJ Pi TUTY, 

A. ROCHEREAU & CO., 

SOLEAliKtcls i-"C THE l.'MITUtl STATES AND CaKADa 

No, 8 SOUTH WILLIAM STREET. 

To be bad of all family grocers. 10 S« 



FOREST AND STREAM; 



ft. 



$as tan. 



& C. SCOTT & SONS 




Breech Loaders. 

WIXAT.RSOFTIIE GUN TKIAL OF 1873. 
Scott's Illustrated Book hi Breech-loaders. 35 cenii 
liv mail. Report uf Grin Trial sent im application. 
AGENTS: 



5 

laFaiieuUHallSq.jBoston. 

Also all other makes, lireenor, Westlev Richards, 

'.Y.-M-v Kcmimnnn. Wesson, <tee. 

A genuine laminated Sluci Breech-loader, with im- 
plements, al Sim 

Busby's Giro Pigeon Trap, with 100 birds for 
shooting practice. 

!' ,; n i;i.ni.;< i.e-:r :ir-: on ": i .i, igany carriages 

Complete, as furnished the New York and Boston 

: i-Iruns. SEND F> IR t'TRi 'ULARS. 



186 Washington St., Boston. 

IMTOrtTEHS, MANUFACTURERS & DEALERS TN 

F* i.-^liing- Tackle, 
l^issliiiig: Rods, 
J-T'issli Hooks, 

AND 

ANGLING IMPLEMENTS. 



^iscclluijcons. 



ESTABLISHED 1849. 

J. B. McHARG & CO., 

ROME, N. Y., 

Split Bamboo, lance Won, 1, and Ash Flv Ends, Sal- 

») lias-. Tn.n'. T, mi. ,„i,l Pen , li.,is. whh 

Fishing Tackle in a!! its Varieties, 

Mcloding all styles of Bass. Salmon and Trout Flies. 



N. Y. Safety Steam Power Co. 

Office: SO COURTLANDT ST. 

BUILDERS OF 



STEAM ENGINES AND BOILER! 



Steam Launches & Yachts, 

And their Machinery a Specialty, also Machinei 
TUGS, LIGHTERS AND STEALERS 

Propeller Wheels of Superior Efficiency. 

SEND EOR ILLUSTRATED CIRCLI.AK. 

erl to pass mspec 
n required* 



TriOl! ISOTTOMSOF YACHTS. BOATS, 
J. Ac -CEYLuN PI.tOtBA.QO, OH BLACK LEAD 
- perfectly pure, prepared 
Orders bv" mail will reSeiv 
York Black Lead Works, 1 



j^JTaodLona's JL&ogg'ssi. 

THE K<>U/>WTNG VALUABLE DOGS 



Liver 



s l lie v 



: SEFTONj as 



handsome a pointer :i- was ever seen, thoroughly 
broken ; £50. SEFTON it- hv Lord Sertoli's, dog Sam. 
for which he has ,-efnsed 05 guineas, out of Star, Star 
oiil of Mr- Macdor.a's I'liiinipioii poin'cr hitch Miranda, 
By OoKer.-own brother of General Prim. 

llandsoiue voiina pointer wiielp ihetwcen 7 and S 
monthsold; SPREE, iiiibiok.-ii : price l-.M. SI'UEE 
is b\ held trial winner Squire, out or Captain May's 
hitch. 

Young seller Midi WOOLSACK, 5 months old, by 
Ranu'.r, o.ui of Mr Garth, t t >. C.'s Held trial winner 

l!c~. 1'ric '. 

NOTIclC.--l.ntil sold. SEFTON will he ullowcd a 
few lutein-.- of pure blood al Sail each. Address. 

MOHAWK, :;7 Park row, Now York. 

l^oi- Sale. 

FOX HOUND for Sale A largo, strong, rnnniruj 
1)0?. about four years old, color white, with black 
and tan spots, a splendid hunter, has been used for 
both Rabbits and Foxes. Price— Fifty Dollars. Ad- 
dress lino. E. Reice. .M.iplewooii, .Mass. 

August :20--8t. 



^ovjsmm's floods. 



ALBERT C. KUCK. 

(Successor to N. J. PLUME.) 

32 Park Row, New York. 

in; udtetfeW P. o. NEW YORK. 




AnoDeauji 

FISHING TACKLE, (SUSS, 

1? E VOLVJB15.S. 

Skates and Sporting Goods. 



MANUFACTURERS OF THE 

s:rv:Exx>:e:jirS, 

PATENT BREECH-LOADING SHOT GUN 

ALTERING 
Muzzle Loading Guns tc Breech-Loading 

A SPECIALTY. 
WRITE FOR PARTICULARS. 

ii 1 -4 West r»x-att street, 

US Baltimore, Mil. 



Established in 1 8.37. 

J.B. Crook & Co., 



tMFOKTEKS AND MaNCPAi 



SO Fulton. St., IN. Y. 

Green, Hart, split Bamboo, Log Wood, fflg 

and Salmon limh, a Specialty. 




hunting g ; Fi^W^SAmi 

Established 1 8-ifi. 

Breech and Muzzle Loading 



,1 




n 
Sportsmen's Apparatus, 

AIHIVXTJIXITIOIN, 

Materials for Gun-Makers, &c, 

Wholesale and Retail. Guns made to order, or re- 
paired in the best manner. 



No. 51 South Cah't 



J. C. CONROx & CO.. 

G5 Pulton Street, New York. 



Fish Hooks and Fishing Tackle. 



Would invile the altcnliou of amateur.- to tin 



awarded were received by t.iem for the superiority or 
their goods. 




Cures Sore Throat, Bronchitis, Neuralgia, 
Pneumonia, W-Jtoopmg Cough, Rheu- 
matism, Chilblains', Strains, ,lr. 
A 8BECIFIC FOR. 111TE8 OK IXSEOTS. 

The Deobslraent allays Inflammation, removes the 
obstructions, reopeias am] stiimilatea the circulation, 
cleanses, soothe.-, and heals mora rapidly than any 
other known preparation. For sale hv all Druggists. 
Hamples Free ! Ask for it ! Test it ! ' 

Ward, Xtusscll &. Co.. 

28 and 30 Fulton 8t., N. T 

Wild Animals for Sale. 
~\T7E ARE IN COMMUNICATION" 
VV with parties nn the North Platte who have 
Buffalo Calves and Elk now oil hand, for sale, and 
can furnish to order Antelope, or auv other kind or 
wild animal found there Address Proprietor Fon- 
tsT and Stream. Joly S3 



MlisceHHtieou'i. 



ANDREW CLERK & CO. 

48 Maiden Lane N.Y., 



aS. 



FlIIGTM 

On hand the ia;.v--r an.-, '.e.-n assortment ever ex- 
hibited in the United blares. Tliev particularly call 

.■nli ul inn to their 

TKOtT, SALMO.\ AM) BA.SS RODS. 

Everv varietv nf Saimon ami Trout Flies, and llooks 

on Gut, Cntt) Hunk ami Pasnue Islands Bass Lines. 

v, alerpronf I-Paided silk Lines, everv size and quality or 

SILK, LINKN AND COTTON LINES, 

And every Variety and Style of 

FISH HOOKS. 



Parties fitted out with appro] 
Rocky Monntaius mid Pacific Ci 
the Adiroudacks. Ac, Ac. 
Hplit lininlioo, Trout and Salltl 



i Rods and Iteels 



Agents for the St. Lawrence Fishins Co. Sole Im 
porters of Warrin's C'elclirated Drilled 
4-29 Eyed Needles. 




Fishing Tackle, 

Kotls, Reels, Lines. Artificial Flies. Nets, 
ails, Fisli Hooks. Etc. 

Split Bamboo Fiy Rods and Reels 

OF THE FINEST WORKMANSHIP. 
Tackle suitable for Maine, Adirondack. Canadian 
and niher fishing. 

ARTIFICIAL FLIES DRESSEI1 TO ORDER. 
BREECH VXD Ml'ZZLE LOADING OCR'S, 
And sporlsiuens' goods of all kinds 

Mnnufaeiured am! Imported by 

!, ALEXANDER & WALLER, 

lOt & lOS -PTJANE ST.. (near 
S I'oadwa v ) New York. 

chasTreiche&^bro'., 



% 

Mocking Bird Food, &c, 

r>n Chatham Street, 

3d door from N. William. rV.EW YORK. 

WE GIVE THE IIlGIiUST PRKE FOR LIVE 

SPECIMENS OF THE 
BEAVER, OTTER, 

BEAR, WILD CAT, 
MOOSE, ELK, 

ANTELOPE, 
AND ALL KINDS OF WILD AMLRICAN ANI- 
MALS AND BIRDS. 

11-153 " HE] 



H. W. COLLENDER, 



Yv; 



MANUPACTTTKEnS O 

STANDARD AMERICAN 



OFFICE A XD WA11EEOOMS ' 

rVo. 738 BROADWAY , 

HAZARD POWDER CO., 

MANUFACTURERS OF 

Sporting, Rifle and Target 

GUNPOWDER. 



'•s|-;.\ SHOOTING" Ft. ill ke'/s of -Jo, lij, and Oi lbs. 
and canisters of 5 lbs. 

Sui»'ii(ir Mining ami ({lasting Powder. 

Tin- above "ell-knoiM! Ouupowders are supplied by 
the company's a-eius hi every prominent city, and in 
Hie various mining districts of the United Stales and 
by all dealers in Cans .unl Spoiling materials, or 

r^;^ W'a!"! Street, S^^ Yorh. 

A. G. HA7AliD, President. 
Titos, s. Pom. Secretary. 



HAVANA LOTTERY. 

Important Notice. 

For the coniin.' drawings, coinineiieintr January Sth, 
wo have reduced the price or tickets as follows.- 

Wnoles$20,i810,i$5,l-DS4,l-l(i <>;•.', i jhSI 

Drawings take piuce every seventeen days. 
We are prepared to All "all orders. Circulars sent 
upon abdication. Highest price paid for Spanish 
Bauk Billn, Governments, Etc. 

1 AYLOH & CO., Hanker.. 
11 Wall utreot. Xev* Vork 



3$lixrelhtncou§, 



THE "INDIAN CLUB MAN," 

WITH 

F. ffROTE & CO., 114 East 14th St., N. T. 

ICF.HOE'S INDIAN CLUBS, 

KEROE'S P \TENT STRIKING BAG. 

ILEHOE'SHEEL 1' 'Di'ED B> ' '■: I \C. GLO%"E. 
GOODS SENT C. O. D. 
Send for KEHOE's Illustrated Catalogue. 114 East 
14 m.m-cet.Kcw Y ork. jin!S3iB 



F.CROTE&CO. 

Turners. & Dealers 




in Ivory, 

114 East 14th St., NYY 

Billiard Balls, Cloth, Cues, &c. Ten Pm Balls and 
Pins. Ivory and Bom: Checks, and all other kinds 
o r 1 vory Goods. 4-5e 

Established 1847. 

LEATHER GOODS. 

KID. BUCK AND DOGSKIN GAUNTLETS. 

Buckskin Shooting and Fishing Breeehes 
and Leggings for Summer and Fall. 

LEATHER UND EPS HURTS AND DRAWERS 
BUCKSKIN RIDING AND HUNTING SUITS. 
BOXING GLOVES. MOCCASINS LEATHER LIV- 
ERY BREECHES, Ac, Ac. .tc. 
Skins dressed and made up as may he desired. 

C.Fielcl&Co. 

IMPORTERS and MA.\UFA< TIMERS. 

731) Broadway, TV. ~V". 



J. WALLACE, 

Naturalist & Taxidermist 



FOREIGN lillil) SKINS AND ARTIFI- 
HAL EYES, 

19 N. V^illi am Street. NewYork, 

portsmen! 

Your attenrinu is called io 
GOOD'S OIL TANNED MOC- 
CASINS, the best thing ever 
worn by sportsmen. Not 
injured by wetting and 
drying— always soft and 
easy to the feet, and 
= made of the very best of 
styles, and warrantee! thejte//- 
lom anything before offered. 
ar and Price List free. 

FRANK GOOD. 
1500 Elm St.. Manchester. N. H. 




PATENT AUTOMATIC MUZZLE. 

[F.-oniA.r. Times, J tine 2 
" Mr. Bendi has 
inzzle that lie rec 
icnds, as it does 




. lgh he was not. 
muzzled, and drink 
without any difficulty, 

but it is impossible for 
him to bite.'' The most humane invention or the age 
Manufactured by W. T. A; J. MEHSEKEAU. 
Liberal discount to the trade. 62 Dnanc St., N. Y 



" DESIDERAT DM." 

OR. VEGA AH.WGU'S 

South American Antidote. 




INSTANTLY CURES M0S0UIT0 BITES. 



sale hv all Druci'ists at ■;;, cents per vial. 

CARLE & STRONG. 15'J Water St.. N. Y. 
General Agents for United States and Canadas. 

~ CIHCAGO 



-MANUFACTURERS OF 

STANDARD 

DROP AND BUCK SHOT 

BALLS AND BAR1LEAD. 

Our aim is to manufacture an article of SHOT that 
is unsurpassed in ROUNDNESS, NtiLlDI'iY, re- 
fection of POLISH, Uuiluniiili of SIZE, and Accil- 
rncy of WEIGHT, in each bag. Orders from Ihe 
Trade solicited, and will be filled at 

The Lowest Market Prices. 



BEAD'S PATENTSAFETY 

EXPLOSIVE BULLET, 

METALLIC CARTRIDGES. 

Calibre-;" 3g, lis, 44. 40, 50, &c. 

A l.-j. BOMB-SHKLLs for \i and lti gauge Shot Guu«, 

JOHN P. MOORE'S SONS. GUN DEALERS, 
„ j , „ 800 Broadway, Naw York. 

Send for Ctreuiar, describing Qftscf on t/y Sean. 



48 



FOREST AND STREAM. 



Sportsmen's (goods. 



SCHUYLER, HARTLEY & GRAHAM, 

19 Moldeu Lane, SO * 33 John rtreel, N. y. 

RREECH LOADING GUNS 

n SPECIALTY. 




arge 

Breech-Loading Shot Guns, 

Manufactured by the following celebrated makers: 
Wtesors. W. A 0. SCOTT * SONS (winners at the In- 
ternational Gun Trial of 1873); P. WEBLKV & SON, 
\V. W. GREENER, WESTLEY RICHARDS. J. HOL- 
LIS & SONS, ond other makers. 
A full line of line 
PISTOLS AND RIFLES CONSTANTLY ON HAND. 
Ill YON* 1& II VWKSLKV'S SHOOTING TACKLE. 
To insure good shooting from Breech-loading Guns, 
., r would recommend the use of the 

STFRTEVANT BRASS SHOT SHELLS, 
manufactured by the Onion Metallic Cartridge Co., 
Bridgeport, Conn, These shells are the cheapest and 
host in the market* can be easily re-capped with ordi- 
nary '/up--, without the use of the implements necee- 

san in priming all other stvles of shells. 

BOSSEY'S PATENT QYRO PIGEON AXV TRAP, 

WITH CASE, AND 100 BIRDS. 

Black's Patent Cartridge Vest. 

carried" with the MmtM L fftfftl w heads down in 
this vest, which is FUUJftf IQ]JI* 7 of great impor- 
tance when brass Vttttttruffftfi / shells are used 
as when carrying TMUlUljIl***'/ them with the 
head up the weight Wfrrilrtflttfl 1 "' thc slll ' n oft * 
.'ii forces (he wad JlUllU JI11U*V forward, when 
bad shooting is the F ,tr^ — result. 

In ordering send measurement around the chest. 
Price ST. 50. 

AGENTS FOR THE 

Union Metallic Cartridge Com- 
pany's Ammunition, 

WARRANTED THE BEST IN THE MAHKKT: 
SEND FOR CIRCULAR. 

J^L <!5i! BROADWAY, N.Y. s/V 

Bridal Presents, 

Wfvteh.es, Jewehy, 

Clocks, Bronzes, 
MUSICAL BOXES AND FANCY GOODS, 

At Greatly Reduced Prices. 

Ye J. JUagnin Giiedin & Co. 

Sole AgeuU for the Celebrated 

JAMES NARDIN WATCH. 



ft 



«52 BROADWAY, N 



«* ft 



GRAND PIGEON 

Shooting Tournament I ! 

Under the auspices of thc 

Toronto C«-ixii OInl>, 

AND THE 

Junior Gun Olnto, 

OP TORONTO, ONTARIO, CANADA. 

Thc subscribers beg most respectfully to announce 
to all the sporting men of America that the)" will hold a 

Pigeon Shootine Tournament! 

At tbe Toronto Riding and Driving Park, Toronto, 
Ontario, Canada, commencing 

On Tuesday, September 22d, 
a 1, 000 will be Given in Prizes. 

8500 0»eu to Amateurs Only. 
$500 Handicap, Open to All. 





10 00 






40]ia 




rain :.. 

25 15 


6 00 

5 00 


201 16 








13 18 


a no 



pur 



to be governed by tbe Toronto 
eptiug as mentioned in the regula- 
-ouna I raps— any size gun— 1^ oz, 

ke one or more chances in each 
it but one prize in each purse, 
e not a shontist may take a chance in each 



ftuiHc. and nominate a friend to shoot his cbance foi 
.jm. Such shooter only allowed to shoot for one 
friend in each purse, 
The Amateur match to commence the Tournament. 
Twenty pigeons to be sent in for each chance, and 
to sboot "at 15. 

The Canadian Grand Provincial Fair 

will lie heldon llie si ie day, and within 300 yards of 
tilt- Tournament. 

The Toronto strr.-. :i carry you wl [bin 100 yards 
of the entrance to the ctng'Park, 

A dinner will be provi on the grounds everyday 
during the Tournament. 

Pools will be sold and sunn ; drawn at Mr. Joseph 
Taylor's Dog and Dm k sjoon, Col jorue street. 

The highest price paid for pigeons by the Secretary. 

N. B.-AII communication:, and pigeons must be sent 
to the Secretary, who will furuisb rule* and all further 
information. 

JAMBS CHAPMAN, Sec. and Tress. 

247 and »J7 Tonga Street . 

Toronto. Aug. 1, 1ST*. 



Long Range, Breech LoacHns 

TARGET RIFLE. 




Weight, 10 Pounds. 
Lengrth of Barrel, 84 inches. 
Calibre, 44-100 Inches. 



By a careful examination or the records (see this paper Mav gist to Jnlv 20 inclusive,) it will be 
the above Rifle stands over 22 PER OEST. ahead up to date, "in the uvcrairo or ail th.- Long Range matches 

- - of Twelve FIRST I'lti/'liS. im hiding the "Hem- 



that have t 


ike-i ph 


CO this vear, and 


ington Dtan 


ond,"" 




ever made a 


. i.'reedm 




ing the abo\ 


e Rifles. 





ving made the highest s- 



& REMING T0N& SONS. 281 & 283, Broadway, N. Y. 

MANUFACTORY, tLION, N. Y. 



JOSEPH C. GRUBB &C0., 7 1 2 Market St., Philadelphia. 




CELEBRATED CENTRAL-FIRE BREECH-LOADING GUNS 

MADE BY 

James Purdey, No. 3141 Oxford Street, London, 



Desire to inform Dealers and Sport sm 
itv and Power, that they have a supply of 10 ai 
They have also in store the largest and fines 
Reillv & Co., Westi.kv Richards. W. & C. St. 
known English makers, besides those of Americ 
the use of Breech-Loaders. Also, Btituey's Pan 
In shooting matches. ;-^7~ si-'.si) i-'.h: i-itli 



d for Finish, Durabtl- 
it short notice, 
smadcb.vE.M. 



Hegeman's Patent Portable Folding Boat. 



For use as LIFE-BOATS, ' 
LIGHTERS, Dingies, Do- . 
pys, on board Steamers, ' 
Yachts and other Vessels. 

These safe and perfectly port- 
able boats will admit of the 
roughest usage, A very light, 
strong and durable frame of 
ash or other tough wood, with 
canvas cover, andean he Voided 
in one-eighth spin;., for inmr- Above* 
pof/afion, and carried in a 



sAlso for Sportsmen, Tour- 
ists, Trappers, Exploring 
Expeditions, Parties Camp 
Out, &c. &c. 

light buggy u agon, on horse- 
back, or liv single person, 
1 be unfolded ready 



Bo: 



i thrt 



.,..,„ „„,.,,. neatly foiled, 
packed and shipped by ex- 
„ „u„i „,.« a..u unfolded, I' 1 ' .^ anywhere at same rate 
01 freight a- or:Jin:u'Y good-. 
JOHN HEHEMAiY Ballstou Spa, Saratoga Co., N. Y. 



Reduction in 1*1-10©. 

J. & W. TOLLEY'S 

CKliKBRATED 

BREECH LOADING GUNS. 

Manufactory, Pioneer Works. Birmingham, Rug. 

f^Jpro 

and are tne cueupesi. gnus ui 
guaranteed quality and shooting 
powers sold in the United States. 
They are made in six qualities, 
each gun being branded with one 
of the under mentioned names, 
which denotes its quality: 
Pioneer, .... gfiS Gold. 

Tolley, »0 « 

Standard,- - - - 115 '• 
National, - - - 140 " 
Challenge, - - - 1HO " 
Paragon, - - - 225 

Any one of the above may be 

selected with confidence, as no 

of thoroughly guar- 



BRANCH HOUSE, 29 Maiden Lane, 

Corner Nassau slreet, New York. 




WILBUR & HASTINGS, 

MANUFACTURING 

STATIONERS, 

Printers, Lithographers, 

in FULTON STREET, 
Comer of Pearl Street. V/?d VOjiX. 



NO FROGSXSBSHO HORSE. 

How to Shoe Horses. 

IN THE BEST AND CHEAPEST MANNER. 

How to Cure all Foot Ailments. 

RATIONAL HORSE-SHOEING. Price One Dollar 
GnotiKNomiH House Snop.. M Elizabeth Street, N. Y. 



A. D. WAGNER, 

PURCHASING AGENT 

FOR 

Sportsmen's Goods, &c, 

23 Murray Street, N. Y. 

Rfeerence, Proprietors Fobkst and Stream. 



Real English Boxing Gloves. 

Imported, and the best. American Gloves manufac- 
tured bv SHANNON, MILLER & CRANE, No. « 
Maiden Lane, IN. Y. Fair quality S3 per set of two 
pair; fancy and extra from #d to $10. 
P. S.— Goods sent C. O. D. everywhere. 



D. HODGMAN & CO., 

27 maiden lane, new york, 
LaKGEST assortment 

India Rubber Goods 

COMPRISING 

Rubber Tronting Pants, 

i'iKliliia: Stockinffs, 

(3amp Blankets, etc. 

Complete Sporting* Camp ingOu if it, 



shall be devised which 

snail he as effective as a single breech-loader, as tbe 
best of the existing breech-ioading anm., and shall at 
tbe same time uoseess a sufe and easily manipulated 
magazine, ee«'t/ eo,..<iih, i!io,> of public' policy will re- 
quire Us adoption. 

Ke«olved, further, That the experiments before the 
Board with 'the Ward-ilurtou .Magazine System have 
so iiiipressed the Hoard with the merits of this gun. 
that thev consider it as more nearly fulfilling the con- 
ditions above specified than any other tried by them 
or of which they have any knowledge, and it does 
recommend that a number of magazine muskets be 
made on the plan for further trial in the field." (See 
Ordnance Report.) 

We :ire now ic::c'\ : '■'■ >'::"': '"!■ i'ie-c ' uv.H, :l:id due 

notice will be given in this paper when they are ready 
for delivery. 
The following is our scale, or prices : Special Maga- 

.1 :;: I. iT 1 I | : l.'UV::-: ■ ^ V '" ! ' : Ji nil ,\ -.n .-. f-lfl! ! . .' r -. 

70 to 85 gfS. of powder, l.!jtl l(> 4f¥l grs. of lead, 8 to 10 
lbs. weight, from Jfio and upwards, according to finish. 
Special Long-rance Magazine Ride for Creedmooi 
shooting, lid grs, o'f iio'.v dor. -ISO grs. of lead, carrying 
a to s cartridge-, weignim: 10 lbs., from $100 and up- 
ward. .Magazine guns for general use, carrying 3 to 
Si cartridges, till trrs. powder, 350 grs. lead from $40 
and upward. Single Breech-Loader, Creedmoot 
shooting, for li.ro; range, liners, powder; 480 grs. lead, 
from $B0 and upward, single Hreech-Loadrr foi 
general use, B to ; lbs,, so grs. powder. liJOgrs. lead, 
from £30 and u|iward. The calibre of ail our rifles, 
unless otherwise ordered, will be 45-100. fa. 
M • eh o .■. ■ ul " . • 

VV. (i. BURTON, 

Care Ward & Co., 54 Wall St., N. Y. 



KE 
-FAIR. 



ItismanufactLired from the best 
Virginia and North Carolina Leaf. 
It is particularly adapted to Meer- 
schaum and Cigarette smoking— 
does not bite or make the tongue 
sore — is therefore unlike any other 
tobacco iri these respects. 

Vienna Medal Awarded. 

W. S. KIMBALL & CO., 

IVXniiufactxirers, 

ItOUHESTElt, iV. T. 
THE COMMODORE'S 

SIGNAL BOOK 

AMJ 

VADE MECTJM, 

CONTAINING 

Chi'Oino Chart 

UP ATLANTIC,' PACIFIC AND COAST STEAM 
SHIP FLAGS. Kl. NTNKl.S AND NIGHT SIG 
NALS; 0HA.HTS OK ALL THE UNITED 
STATES YACHT CLUB FLAGS; PRI- 
VATE SIGNALS OF YACHTS; 
LISTS OF i iFSi'li 'Fit is tiF YACHT 
CLUBS FOR 187-1 ; NAMES 
OF YACHTS; OWNERS; 
IUG; DlMBl Sin ■ 
PILOT BOATS; 
KEGATTA DAYS; LIFE SAVING STATIONS 
TIDE TABLES, &c.,&c. 
Compiled from official sources, by 

THOMAS MANNING, 

138 Fulton Street, N. Y. 
And published under the auspices of the Cnnord 
Steam Ship Co. and Brooklyn Yacht Club. 

Price, $2 50. 

The Life Saving Stations include the new district*, 
The Tide Tables are very extensive. 

The Compilation has been carefully made, and if 
complete and accurate. 

The artistic and typographical work is lu the best 
style. 

Mill . r.her.-. !■ ui he ]u,,v , , ,',.- .vorll, .villi 

name and address, either to Thosraas Manning. 138 
Fuiton Street, or to Forest ami Stream Publish- 
ing Co., New York, will have a copy forwarded a* 
soon as published, mailed free. JlyS 



FKHFRIF^ ...MADETOOBDJ'IR 

rlOnLDILO. for the trade. Every va- 

riety of Net, Seine, Dredge, &c. suited to Sea, Lake, 
Pond or Kiver. AM ERICAN NET AND T WINK CO., 
Boston, *.5-*im 

Business Chance. 

THE MACHINERY. TOOLS, FIX- 
TURES and Patent for the manufacture of the 
most perfect, simple and reliable BREECH LOAD- 
ING SHOT GEN in the market. Can be bought at a 
bargain, if applied for immediately. Sample gun may 
be seen at the office of Forest and Stream, between 
2 and 5 o'clock P. M. The machinery is new, in per. 
feci order, and capuble of turning out k 8,000 guna per 




NEW YORK, THURSDAY, SEPT. 3, 1874. 



Fo;' term and Stream-. 

THE WHIPPOORWILL. 

THE white fog drills along the meadow, 
And the gleam 
Of ihe western sky ia fading 
From the ripples tliuL were crimson 
On "the siroain. 

The thousand liny voice? of the Dylan 

Fill the air, 
And the mn-ic of the woodibrnsh, 
Floating softly down the monnlain, 

Seems n prayer. 

Wltcivitwlli^hi shadows gtther 'ncatb the cedars 

On the hill- 
Whets the vohiu lately warbled, 
Aud ihe sparrow sang his vesper, 

All is still. 

Bm lbs wtrppoonvill complaining In the valley 

Far below, 
With Ha voice sow Id and real less 
Walctr.s memories forgotten 

LoDg ago. 

Til', the thoughts of former joy? sua former sorrow* 

Come again. 
And they fall upon the spirit 
With the gentle measured cadence 

Of the rain. p. C. B. 



For Fore*' and S'ream. 

I §mj on the g ogHng gake. 

OF all hot place." in China, or elsewhere, this side of 
Hades, Kiu Kiang, in summer at least, can prob- 
ably cany off the palm, The foreign settlement, adjoining 
the" Chinese Cily, is built directly <>-- the bank of the river, 
md as it faces the west, is fully exposed through three- 
'ourllis of Ihe flay to the glare of Ihe sun. Even now, in 
tntumn, the heat is sufficiently intense to make agreeable 
ihe use of aptinkah over the table at tiffin, and to render 
inyihing like shooting almost out of ihe question. 

The Yang Tsze at this point POO miles from its mouth, is 
it least a mile wide, and looking across it, nothing is via- 
ble but a dreary expanse of flat and marsh, broken only 
jy an occasional fisherman's hut, or the white walls of a 
ntmdarin "squeeze" station or district Custom House. 
But these same flats, for all their wastes of meadow grass 
md reeds, afford some ^hooting as fine as the most enthu- 
mistic sportsman could desire. I doubt if another spot 
lould be named, where in both spring and fall, jack snipe 
:ould be found fa greater abundance; while in winter the 
nany canals and pools which intersect them, are the 
munis of myriads of teal and wild fowl Of every descrip- 
tor 

For rams weeks tlic Jessie had been riding cptietly at 
id' buoy in front of the bund, "like a painted alii p upon a 
laintcd ocean;" the only signs of life on board being the 
moke which twice a day arose from the laffiall, as the 
'jiie-ta prepared his rations of rice mid dried flail. But, a 
hange was at hand. The new monsoon, which had now 
ommeneed to blow from the N. K, increased in intensity 
rom day to day as il gathered strength to overcome (be 
corcbing S. W. winds which had prevailed during the 
umtner. With each day the thermoii.eter indicated a 
:>wcr temperature, until wc utmost fancied we felt the 
rush breezes of old ocean, borne to us on the bosom of bis 
iiightiest son, and the enervated exiles who were doomed 
pass this period of their existence in smelling lea, I brew 
ft their summer garments of while linen and pith helmet?, 
nd appeared once moru in tweed suits and' wideawakes. 

A party was soon formed to visit the Poyang Lake, 

■hich debouches info the Yang Tsze some eighteen miles 
ielow Kiu Kiang; for the double purpose of seeing sumo 

f this unexplored classic g'-ound, and i!" possible, killing 
Dmeof the wild boars which were said to haunt ihe east- 
rn base of the Lu-shaw MotUlMiflS. Messrs. Kortnum & 
lason and Crosse & Black well, whose i/idkalaxmiH have 

euel rated even to the antipodes, were put under contribu- 
ion and the Jessie duly provisioned I'm a fortnight's cruise. 



The old crew, although employed in boat duty, were soon 
re shipped, and Buffalo in his skin coal, which seemed 
more than ever like his natural cperdemis, and Monkey, 
still as active as one of his namesakes, were soou to the 
fore, and as ready to carry shot and provision bags as of 
old. Abo, the cook, routed out the Low-ta and look 
charge of the culinary department himself, and the only dis- 
contented one of the party was the boy Akow, who, having 
taken unto himself a wife after the manner of the Celes- 
tials, was obliged to leave her before the honeymoon was 
half over. The dogs, Bob and Nellie, although not in as 
good condition as I should have liked, were shipped in 
their accustomed comfortable compartment forward. 1 
doubt if a finer breed of dogs tor such an expedition as 
ours, than these kangaroo hounds could be found. Nellie 
was born in Australia and came to me enciente. Bob was 
th3 only one of the litter I succeeded in raising, but he 
grew to be double the size of his mother. The latter 
sbtrwed plainly her mingled stag and greyhound breeding, 
but Bob, from his immense size and strength, seemed to 
have some mastiff blood in him. 

The Jessie having no windlass, the tackles are laid along 
the deck and straps made ready for fluting. Enough of 
the mainsail is hoisled to give her headway against the cur- 
real, and the chain rattles in over the bow; with the helm 
clown she cptickly comes to the wind, the foresail is hoisted 
and both sails trimmed as flat as Chinese rig will allow. 
A parting salute is fired from the swivel gun to our 
friends on the bund aud we start on our first tack down the 
river. 

The wind, as usual, was blowing up the stream, but the 
slrong current helped us to fore reach to such an extent, 
that the second tack carried us clear of the pagoda which 
stands at the commencement of the wall surrounding Kiu 
Kiang. This wall being perhaps four or five miles on its 
river face, would give the impression that Kiu Kiang was 
a very large city, whereas the contrary is the case, and it is 
always a mystery to the barbarian, why the Chinese should 
have gone to the trouble and expense of "fencing in" so 
much -and, where there is no prospect of its ever being 
built upon. The only solution is, that these were "rings" 
in those days as well as ours, and that contractors waxed 
fat upon the spoils of the people. In walking through the 
ruined and deserted streets of the city I have frequently 
flushed pheasants among the desolated gardens, which re- 
main as monuments of the invasion of the Taeping Rebels. 

Before sunset the Great Orphan, that huge rock standing 
like a sentinel at the entrance to the lake, was in full view; 
passing it, w r c saw in under the shelter of the southern 
bank, and anchored for the night abreast of a group of 
picturesque Confucian Temples. 

There are undoubtedly yachts with more pretentious 
cabins and more elegant adornments, but I doubt if for 
solid and substantial comfort, anything approaching the 
same size, ever excelled that of the Jessie. At least we 
four thought so, as in slippers and easy coats we stretched 
oursclvds on the well-cushioned transoms, and watched the 
preparations for dinner. A swinging lamp shed a soft 
light, through the cabin showing the guns hanging in their 
places overhead, and the two pairs of crossed swords sus- 
pended against the bulkhead. Akow, having resigned him- 
self to the inevitable, and recovered his equanimity, was 
setting the table with his accustomed "neatness and dis- 
patch." Occasionally the fragrant fumes of the mulliga- 
tawney were wafted to us, and the huge York ham on the 
sideboard was destined' to lose its fair proportions at an 
early stage of the cruise. And after all these good things 
were disposed of, came the fragrant manillas, not such 
trash as tire sold with you under that name, but genuine 
cftnti'idnimlinlKx, You cannot, smoke Havana cigars in this 
Climate, even if they would stand the voyage, which they 
will not; they appear to have, some effect upon the nerves 
which any number of manillas will not. And then the 
quiet rubber of short whist, with modest "quarter" points, 
and perhaps a dollar on the odd game, at which no one 
would ever lose enough to disturb their slumbers. And 
the refreshing night's rest afterwards, through which the 



only sounds to be heard, are the softened beats of the tom- 
tom from a distant, temple where some Budhist priest kept 
watch and ward over his gilded idols. 

Awakening early on the following morning, while break- 
fast was being prepared, we landed and made the acquaint- 
ance of the priests who were domiciled in the monastery 
on the heights, and found them, as is almost invariably ihe 
case, very sociable and jolly. Their establishment, being 
devoted to the worship of Confucius, was without any of 
the immense gilded statues of the three-faced Budha; and 
in their place the walls were hung with inscriptions taken 
from the writings of their favorite philosopher and sage. 
Nevertheless in many little shrines' or altars, before which 
burned candles or incense slicks, were minature representa- 
tions of domestic josses, whose presence were supposed to 
counteract the evil influences of bad spirits, and I doubt 
not that after our departure additional offerings were made 
to propitiate these tutelary saints. 

In Ihe last of the series of buildings, which were con- 
nected by well kept gardens, we found ourselves on the 
very edge of the overhanging rock and obtained a magnifi- 
cent view of both rivei and lake. In front rose the Orphan 
with its curved temple roofs peering from amongst the 
dense foliage with which its summit was crowned. Di- 
rectly beneath us lay the Jessie, quietly at her anchor, her 
white sides glistening in ihe first rays of the morning sun. 
And we could see Alton bending onto the signal halyards 
the flag that was to announce that breakfast was ready. A 
brisk walk down the hill, a few strokes of the oar, and the 
dingy was once more alongside, and giving the Lon-ta 
orders to get under way, we sat down to the matutinal re- 
past of freshly caught fish and curry. 

A nice breeze carried us back over a portion of the 
ground we had travelled in the evening, but, before reach- 
ing the western shore, we jibed over and hauling on ihe 
wind stood up ihe main channel of the lake. When 
abreast of the Orphan we found Ihe ba=e of it quite dry, 
something of very rare occurrence and to be attributed only 
to the unusually low stage of water in ihe Yang Tsze, 
which had drained the Poyang of a greater portion of its 
volume. Such an oppoitunity of exploring ibis wonderful 
freak of nature was not to be lost, so the Jessie was rounded 
to, leeboards hauled up, and the boat allowed to drift 
against the steep bank of sand which formed Ibis side of 
the channel. Jumping ashore, a few minutes walk brought 
us to the rock, but all our efforts to find a place Iry which 
to ascend its precipitous sides were unavailing. That it 
was inhabited the temples which we had seen from the 
main land as well as the noise of the tom-tom's heard dur- 
ing the niglit before, testified; but. bow the inhabitants of 
this solitary rock ever escaped 'from it, was beyond ottr 
ken. The rock was five hundred yards or more in length 
by about half that, width, and its height we judged to be 
about two hundred and fifty feet. Looking up its perpen- 
dicular aud moss grown sides, wc could see branches of 
trees projecting over Ihe top, and hundreds of cormorants, 
disturbed by the noise of our guns Hied to produce an echo, 
wheeled and circled high over head. By the water marks 
on Ihe rock we could see: that the spot where we s'.ood 
must have been twenly-hve or Ihirly feet under water dur- 
ing the spring freshets, when the snows of the far western 
mountains in Sze-Chuen and Thibet bad swollen the 
grand old Yang Tsze to its summer height. Now wc 
found the base of this lonely orphan perforated aud honey- 
combed by the action of the water, and in places worn into 
little caverns conneei. rng with each Other, in which were 
piles of delicate and minute sea shells, and carpets of the 
softest, while sand. They seemed to be fit abodes for mer- 
men and maidens and in the oppressing solitude of the 
place we almost expected to come across sonic fair one 
with looking glass and comb. 

Returning to the Jessie we were soon under way again, 
but before passing the rock wc gave it a parting saline from 
the swivel gun, and sent Ihe screaming cormorants cmco 
more from their lofty eyries. But even all the noise pro 
duced no other sign of life. As the distance increased the, 



50 



FORES! AND STREAM. 



temples came in view ( but-, even with ouc glasses, we could 
not distinguish a living ileitis. I am inclined to think (hat 

its inhabitants, if they are not, iudced, "spfloks," lliusl I" 
criminals, who, for fearful enures, liavi in; a banished to 
this desolate spot. 

We were now fairly in Ihe lake, the length of which had 
been reported to us to be about one hundred ami fifty 
miles, and approach in.' . ,,/„, which, a.sv.i, had 

not known i hi pre Mi ,; liuropeau. Being without a 

chart, and none of our crew possessing any reliable infor- 
mation regarding Ihe depth of waler. we kepi n man in the 
bows with a light bamboo sounding rod constantly going, 
■■mi ■ '.i-!'i in taking the ground being to the rudder 

which projected many feet, below the bottom of (lie boat 

aud was hoi-led and lowered by means of a small windlass 

attached to it. 'l'Jiis, with the 'lee-boards, acted as centre- 

and keel, rhen going to windward, and when before 

| arj tO iloi.-.i. Up bolh to make 

I n ■!■ i ,' ' In m hole Cliinesi' rig is ad- 

■ this inland navigation. The light oot- 

ton -an- -stretch J in MM-, reef themselves by simply 

loweiin. i . i sr. and as the bamboo's 

lying upon oue another keep the sail in place, reef points 

rings ii ■ ; i ■ . ed irttn. When try //«- wim, by 

mean;, oi]/i!t gtii/s the bamboos are trimmed out until their 
andsare almost flush with the mast, making the sail set 
much better than one would imagine; and in going Free it 
is only necessary to slack up these guys and the sail, cone 
nig partly amid-.sbips, brings the strain m ire directly on 
tne mast, instead ot mast "hoops a lacing is used, which 
can be taughleiicd ot slackened at pleasure, 

4,5 the upper end of the Poytrag Lake, are located tne 

Potteries, which are celebrated' throughout the Empire for 

beautiful ware they produce. Prom here came the ini- 

■ilded with dragons and woudert'ul ligures of 

iii ladies ami gentlemen, which sometimes- come to 

■ mill-)-. We were strongly desirous of reaching this 
point, although our native friends had tried to dissuade ua 
troto making the attempt, representing the difficulties as 
ueing almost insurmountable. The men engaged in the 
potteries, they said, formed almost a race by themselves', 

were implacable in their inure. t of foreigners iiu all 
this was a matter for future consideration; our present des- 
tination was a point SOtOQ forty miles up the lake where we 
propose a lauding, and making our way to the White Deer 

■ I, a spot uoted as well for its beautiful surroundings 
as the classic associations connected with it. <>u the way 

, m returning, we should skirt the foot of the Lushau 

I tains and pass over the ground where we were assured 

■Mi ma not only plenty of pheasants., but probably 

fail in with the wild pig's which were ihe game we were after. 

-i large custom house station, distinguished h} two tall 

mandarin poles, in the boxes ot which some crows had 

aeir nests, was now abreast ot us, and seemed to be 

the last connecting link with the country «.; were leaving 

behind. A few surly looking officials came out to the 

if! stared at, us as we passed. Their gun boat 

lying -it the jetty mid they looked as though they would 

■ ■ , y oo Wl 11 to send it after the insolent bar- 

who dared to pass WlthOUt paying Iribille. The 

.i- -nn !nn--.-ir, 1 1 , i wi-vcr, had rather fl warlike appearance, 
the rowe of BOafrdfng pikes tuonj the rail and the 
six-pounder forward, to -ar nothing or the variou 

■ ■ lie p ,iii M m carelessly about the'deck. 

■ Mi- .|iiii-/ers" contented themselves with looking' at 
a--, ind the old Hag. Which was being carried for the first 

into these distant waters, floated it-elf in their faces 
licet impunity. 
By noon, the wind had moderated somewhat, bill we 
making good time and thoroughly enjoying the situa- 

i. ■ i -mhmI ■■.■'■■■■ '•' of those happy bays 

oan hardly be described .vrired in the comfortable 
. j , oi ,...■... , .., . , n ,,; -]..-. ni,.. ,; rlo-ts, we lolled on 
in- -ii the entire day, going I eh}w only tot tiffin |tr an occa- 
sional sherry ami bitter-. One'- in a while tin' I.ouba, who 
,,- - StBBril ig. would call our atleniiou to a flock of ducks 

■ i ni us, or :i huge pelican floating lazily on the water, 
..,. Miking (Air guns we would sit in the sthadow of the 

■ n i nil until the boat gradually eauu.- within range, and 

M-tloit birds, saluted with a volley, would lake wing. 

-....■., I leal were killed ill this manner, and a pelican 

ring over five feci from tip to tip was wing^broki n 

■ i '■■;■. Ml liis in jest i'. however, attempting 

■ u tin- dy<-k was knocked on the head and 

I over to the crow, who pronounced him very good 

l i f-elXOW and suspended him to the mast to be made into 
ivory compound for their evening's repast. 

: the western shore of the lake we gradually lost 

■ in i i ver and found ourselves surrounded on every 

■ ['piling hdls coming down the Water'.- edge ami 
■1 ., iin thick undergrowlh and scattered cedars. The 

if villages, and anything like cultivation, was 

apparent and to he accounted for by Ihe fuel that 

■ .. ,,|i;i.iMiively recent dale, all this pari of the 
.-.nn in was in the hands of the Taoping Ke.nels. llow- 
• ■■. . -i. ■; . .in- sun was -mking behind the high peaks ui iln- 

■ ■n ■ ■ l< 3CI ii I hi ■ m nn " , ■■■■ ■ '' ' I '' '-■ prom 

■ . i .' m. ■■■■. -. M..i.eii always mark i 

i i i M i nn I, .n,-. .a .naiidariu'syaiuun, and I'."., .i . 

, ,, mm ■..;■ loiiiifl a lovely bale liay, on ilie .-.bores of 

. , ■ ■ i iie-lleil a piet.ure-u.iic village. The white null, mi 

h- houses, willi Iheir eaves of parti-colored tiles, were 

Hug in the last rays of the setting sun, and Liic entire 

I ■ l n,i ,ii. .ii ivere gathered on Ibe bank to look at bhefltrtl Ig 

. i n,,, 1 In r crew. Sma.ll footed women on thei pig 

;. i-s, came hobbling down and peered ai us troin behind 

;, h ellenug backs of their firmer footed si-lei's, and Ihe 

, crp ,.. ot uciugy am? wollish curs barked in chorus. 

,, dj.fi ,■, nee to i in'' "iiitvm-; i,r ihe more fender portion of 

population, we omitted liic usual anchoring gnu, but 

i. is were towered by the run, and as the chains went 

_■ over ihe bow the .ics-i.- swung to her anchor, and 

i u m mmm- , /i i;. ; inng wa-, snug tor the night. 

, , day opened bright and beautiful, and after 

an earl) breakfasl the dingy was broughl into requisition 
made two trips, before the whole cavalcade of bar- 
Mi-,. dogs and coolies were lauded and formed in insirch- 

, ■■ ,.,, r While going through the vilhtguBc-b and Nellie 

,, kept in hand, to order that the natives should not 

M.i ■■ i it) much ocoasipn to fear lor ihe lives of the half- 

, i iii i-n with which the streets were thronged. Buf- 

iii the leash, and with my short Jacob's rifle over his 

Tin under, was almost overcome with pride. Monkey, eariy- 

,, , ,, -jjio'e -hot and chpW-chOW, all In, ugh rut her more 

heavily loaded, was quite jubilant. (.', and myself led the 

and Nifc'k and If, brought up the rear, behind the 

In this ordet our little procession passed through 



the I- of Tsing poo; and reaching the firsi bluff, paused 

before plunging into (lie ,,,■,,,,■,„„.,,,, beyond. At our 
feel i ■■■■ flie ■ illage, stri cited tlonq the lake, now withoni 

a ripple disturbing the still surface uf the water. The 
Jessie, looking as saucy as ever, was evidently -till an ob- 
ject of curiosity K) the unemployed portion of the com- 
munity, as we eould see numbers of them squatted On. their 
haunches and watching the operations of the men on board. 
A. few long narrow junks, their sides brightly oiled or var- 
nislicd. were bauleri alongside tin- liaiil-.s. and receiving on 
board their cat ■ Of coarse China ware and paper, which 
seemed to be the chief product- of this district. No idea 
of the dimensions ot the lake COuld be obtained- from this 
point, so irregular is its shape, and SO many little promon- 
tories, all covered with bright, green .-hriihiiery, were jut- 
ting into if from every direction. In no ol her pari of China 
have 1 seen such wild country or any thai promised better 
for sport, The cover every where' on the hill -ides was 
very thick and seemed excellent for pheasants, while in 
nearly every valley, certainly in those containing any trace 
of habitation, was a pond covered with the broad leaves of 
the lotus plain, ami partly hidden by the dense growth of 
bamboo on the banks. A Chinaman's mites SO much re- 
semble an Irishman's, and the instructions we had received 
in Tsing-poo for finding the grotto were of such an uncer- 
tain and indefinite description, that we had made every 
preparation for camping out all night, if necessary. Thirty 
"li" was the distance given us, but the route we should fake 
in going by the foothills of the Luslum, and the detours in- 
cident upon the pursuit of game would undoubtedly make 
it much greater. Three Chinese "li" arc equal to' one ol 
our miles, but John is no more a judge of distance than lie 
is of time. Facing Ihe mountains again, we resumed out- 
march along the little footpath which formed the means of 
communication between Tsing-pOo and the only village 
we should meet in oui journey. Bob and Nellie Were 
ml bounded on before us, delighted at regaining 
their freedom, but reaching a particularly promising piece 
of cover, they were again called in, and leaving the path 
we formed in skirmishing order on the bill side. We 
longed now for the setters who were safely housed in the 
kennels at Kiu Slang, if only for the pleasure ol seeing 
them work; but regrets were useless, and it was not long 
before C, on the extreme right of the line, put up a mag- 
nificent cock pheasant and bOWled him over in fine style. 
A. hen next fell to me. but was iguominiously missed, while 
both Nick and II. accounted for birds within a lew 
minutes. The birds were comparatively plentiful, but, in 
a short time became very wild, rising out 'of range and in 
every instance when they could be marked down, taking 
refuge in the clumps of bamboos in the hollows, where, 
without dogs, it was impossible to dislodge them. Even 
with their assistance it is doubtful if we could have re- 
covered many, as the think canes, almost touching one. 
another, rendered the brakes impenetrable. On the borders 
of the lotus ponds, however, an occasional snipe was flushed 
and added to the bag. 

Resumimrthe path the dogs were again given their liberty 
and scampered out of sight, ahead of us. Soon, a few cul- 
tivated fields filled wifii long stalks of the roil let, or here 
and there a little patch of buckwheat, indicated that we 
were approaching the half-way village, and us we turned a 
corner of the road the houses came in sight. To our sur- 
prise, and somewhat, to our consternation, We found the 
whole population of the place turned out to receive us. At 
least, a hundred men and women were approaching, armed 
with sticks, hoes, flails and everything in the shape ol a 
weapon, which seemed lo have been at hand. Some were 
beating tin pans and kettles, and all joiued at the top of 
their lungs in the discordant din. Hatters began to look 
serious, and it was not until Bob aud Nellie came trotting 
back to us as if to 8 1 the tu I of all the disturbance, and 
we saw our coolies drop their loads and fairly roll on the 
ground in paroxysms of laughter, that we recognized in the 
shouts of the "Villagers the dreaded word -'Taw! daw!' 
and discovered that pooi Bob and his mother had been 
taken for tigers, After all, the mistake was not such an 
unnatural one. The dogs were not only totally unlike their 
own wretched beasts, but Bob's brindled sides, and his im- 
mense siatui-c gave him some faint resemblance to the 
tigers which We had heard were, sometimes found in these 
mountains. 1 have seen a leopard brought into KiuKiang, 
and his flesh still raw aud bloody, cut into small pieces and 
sold to the people for charms and to the mandarin "braves" 
to inspire them with courage. The province of Shantung 
at the north and the country about Aiuoy, are noted for 
tigers — the real oid Bengal sort; and witliiu my own recol- 
lection a magnificent specimen, after killing a native, was 

shot in the presence of an English resident, in the paddy 
1. I 1- of ihe Tah-ti Creek, not three miles from Canton. 
Explanations having been made, harmony was restored, 

and we were received with the -civility I have always met 
with from the country people everywhere, except in Ihe 
neighborhood Of Canton. It seems strange that there, 
where foreigners have' been the longest in intercourse with 
them, and where they have received the strongest proofs Ol 
their incapacity for coping with the detested barbarians, 
the people should still be insulting aud inimical. True, the 
men of the soul hern provinces, reversing the usual rule, are 
the bravest, and mosi pugnaciously inclined, yet, one would 
that the lesson received in 1656 would have taught 
them good manners. At the north, or in the Yang Tsze 
provinces as far as foreigners usually penetrate, ihe people, 
lude.-.- lm-ited Ly the soldier, are universally 'ivd Scms- 
times a hoy would salute u.- with theci vof "Yuug-qui-tsi," 
(foreign devil,) but 1 doubt if they knew of any other name 
by which to call us. 

Leaving the village and the chiu-ehin:-. of its Celestial la 

habitants behind* an hour or two of brisk walking brought 

i, m brow of a hill, from which we looked down upon 

one of the loveliest, spots f have ever seen. It could not 
have been more than forty or fifty acres in extent— an al- 
most circular ampifheatre, three sides of which were 
covered with pines and Other frees; and on the fourth, the 
noble old Lushau lulls, which had been our landmarks all 
the dav. sloped for 5,000 feet to their rocky summits above 
us In ihe centre of the valley was a rather extensive and 
handsomlv ornamented building, with an open courtyard— 
half temple, half mmim. There were no idols about it, 
but on the walls Of the different apartments were tables in- 
scribed with extracts from the five books aud four classtes, 
and in the courtyard sluggish gold fish swam m tanks 
shaded by the broad leaves of the lotus plant. 

Near the house ran a beautiful brook, and crossing this 
We discovered the far-famed grotto, at the entrance to which 
was a life-size plaster east of a white deer. The legend of 
ihe place is, that the cave or grotto was once the home of 



a celebrated writer or philosopher belonging to the sect of 
Tan i t- or Rationalists. Retiring to this spot for that quiet 
contemplation of virtue which "is supposed to result in 
spiritual perfection and fif the devotee for a return to the 
bosom of supreme Reason, he was fed and his material 
wants supplied by a while deer, who with a little basket 
tied lo her neck. 'would go to the neighboring village >nnl 
return with a supply of food. Bemg met by a party of 
hunters one day, she was shot, and returning to the phil- 
osopher with tiie arrow in her side, expired at his feet. 
The story goes on lo say that the old man pined awnv and 
died, ahd his admirers 'and scholars erected the building 
and statue. 

We found m number of well-dressed aud .superior looking 
Chinamen on the premises, many of them wearing the 
scarf of the successful candiikue for literary honors, who 
were probably preparing for the last grand effort at Pek- 
ing. They treated us With the coldest politeness, amonni- 
i.i'i m'mm.m ;o indifference, which was remarkable, consider- 
ing that many of fhem had never beheld a foreigner. 
Nevertheless, they were gentlemen, and as different in ap- 
pearance from the ordinary native as black is from white. 
Their mode of life appeared ascetic, and flic only petticoats 
to be seen were worn by the men. 

Willingly would we have lingered longer in this enchant- 
ing spot, but, the clay was wauiug and a long journey still 
before us. Following the stream in the direction of the 
mountain, we found ourselves in a narrow defile and on a 
rapidly ascending grade, which carried us to a series of low 
hills, covered in places with small scrub cedars, and again 
with tangled masses of jungle, which in the hollows be- 
tween the hills, were also impenetrable swamps. Here 
was the ground which we had been informed contained the 
haunts of the wild pigs and sometimes larger and more 
dangerous game. 1 suggested that we divide our forces 
and that while two took stations below, the others, with the 
coolies and dogs, should make a detour to one of the hills 
above us, and beat the cover as well as was practicable, in 
our direction. 

It fell to the lot of McK. and myself to remain below, so 
separating from my companion, I took up my station di- 
rectly opposite a jungle covered hill, on the side of another 
covered with cedars, which, while screening me sufficiently, 
still allowed of an uninterrupted view in the direction from 
which we expected the game to approach. McK. placed 
himself in a similar position some few hundred yards on 
my left. For a while we could hear the noise made by the 
beating party as their footsteps crackled on the dry under 
brush," and then all was still. I. lighted my pipe and en- 
joyed a smoke while admiring the bold grandeur of the 
mountains; but time passed very slow T ly r and the silence 
was so oppressive'that I fancied 1 could hear the beating of 
my own heart. Sometimes I was on the point of calling to 
McK. but restrained myself. He afterwards admitted that 
he was in the same frame of mind. At last— it had seemed 
hours — we heard a shout, a long distance in front, and then 
another half hour's silence. This time it was broken by 
Nellie's familiar whimper, ecliod by Bob's deep bass, and 
we knew that game of some kind was afoot. Nearer and 
nearer the sounds approached, and we could hear the 
Shouts Of -the beaters as they urged the dogs on, and pre- 
vented the game from turning towards the mountains. 
Looking across the little hollow in front of me I could see 
the bushes shaken as though by some beast forcing a pas- 
sage through, and soon an old sow, black as night, and fol- 
lowed by "some half dozen little porkers, broke cover. 
Whether she heard the clicking of the gun locks sis T 
cocked both barrels, I know not, but just as I was prepar- 
ing to fire, she suddenly swerved, and followed by her pro- 
geny, went off in the direction of Nick. Presently I heard 
the report of his gun, succeeded by a most infernal sqeal 
ing. Either in his excitement he had missed the sow, or 
tiis gun scattering, the buckshot had struck one of the pigs, 
Hearing him calling my name I ran over to the spot and 
found that the sow r had turned and was standing alongside 
of a pig who had apparently had his leg broken. The old 
beast looked very vicious and was evidently preparing for 
a charge, when, "her attention being directed by my appear- 
ance, McK managed to get a broadside shot, and at twenty- 
yards distance planted the whole charge of his second bar- 
Tel directly behind her forcshoulder. She dropped like a 
log, and after a few convulsive struggles, gave up the 
ghost. I gave the little fellow his quietus, but the rest of 
the brood had scattered and secreted themselves in the 
underbrush. Going back to where we could hear S. and 
H. encouraging the dogs we found them standing outside 
of a small thicket in which a boar had taken refuge. The 
coolies were on the other side throwing in stones, but as 
they did not work with much enthusiasm, McK. and H. 
went around to their side. We had not waited many 
minutes before there was a great rustling and crashing in 
the bushes, and the brute, closely followed by the dogs, 
broke cover directly in front, of us. 

"Foitti from ihe Ulil-.kel iu-lusd another boar, 
So large be seemed ihe tyrant of the woods. 
With sill hi.- di i si.tfiil bristles rais'd up high: 
Thev seem'd a "rove nf spesirs upon his back. 
Foaming he cAme at me where 1 was posted, 
Whetting hi,- hia-f Vine, tu-k- unci --aping wide. 
As he already had me lor his prey."- 
Dtway's lines apply very aptly to the great iron gray 
liea-t that came at us," with the foam dropping iu clots from 
liis tusks, as the dogs worried and harrassed him aud then 
nimbly avoided his furious charges. The boar, now quite 
infuriated, repeatedly charged C. and myself, but before 
reaching our position Bob and Nellie would be on his flanks 
and force him to stand at hay. We did not dare to shool 
for fear of hitting the dogs, but at length, as he turned ami 
attempted to regain the cover, we fired together, ami at 
least n dozen bueksho! striking him brought, him to his 
knees, it was with great difficulty we called off the dogs, 
wdio were every instant in danger of being ripped up by the 
furious lunges lie inside with his tusks, and with a second 
barrel gave him the whj, (U <//'<trc. The proper thing under 
such circumstances would have been to have- stopped for- 
ward with a mutant <fe ,:hii«ne and administered 1 he death 
blow, but unfortunately we had neither hunting knives or 
swords, and however well such a thing may look in Ihe 
llluxlmtal Loudon .Ve»-,*, I, for one, must confess to a pre- 
. ,,, ot a more respectful distance and gunpowder and 
lead in place of cold steel. 

The coolies now coming up with the information thai 
two more pigs had gone off up the hill side, I took the 
Jacob's rifle fri.mi Buffalo, and calling Bob, went iu the di- 
rection they had taken. Bob al the word jumped into the 
brush, and in a moment was lost to sight. I followed him 
until 1 reached a more open piece of ground ou the steep 
hillside, where were seal! .1. !■■■' ■ it and then 



FOREST AND STREAM 



51 



ited for something lo turn up. It Was n: t long before T 

heard Bob on the li HI above t'» li lo i In- Ha hi. of me, 
:uhi presently an immense hoar, the largest we bad 
ver seen earns galloping along the side of thakill above 

• I,. ■■!■.- r st on. 1." Catching si s 1ii of me. he slopped 
and looked so much like ebarsing that J meditated a 
scramble Up the nearest tree. Bob appearing on Hie scene, 
however, brought liini to bay, and as he turned lo t'aee the 
, i.i I..-,.,;..! ■ .ring toward me, I planted a shell di- 
rect iv behind his foteshoulder, which brought him rolling 
down the hill almost to my feet. The uKeoi of the shell 
wonderful. Although II must have exploded the mo 
meul it struck him, full evidence of il8 destructive 
powers was apparent. Some of the pieces had penetrated 
the skin on the opposite side and the organs in their course 
were utterly destroyed. Death mnsi have been insiaul- 
aneous. 

It was now nearly ntghl and lime we were thinking of 
returning to the lake, or making preparations for camping 
where we were. It was decided, however, that we should 
push on to the half-way village, and then, if il was not too 
laic, we could get chairs and he carried lo the Jessie; while 
the coolies could remain all night and return with bamboo 
men -enough to- bring the game into Tang-poo. Without- 
united weight we. bent down some saplings, and after dres- 
sing the pigs tied the SOW and boars (o them and let, them 
spring back. ~ The little porkei the men slung on a pole and 
volunteered to carry to I he boat. It was quiteVlark when we 
retched the half-way village, but l here we procured some 
ricketlv bamboo sedan chairs, and stout bearers, who, 
starting off with their usual dog trot, by nine, o'clock had 
landed us on the shore of the Take. flailing the Jessie a 
coolie seulled the dingy ashore and Master Alio had soon 
prepared us a bountiful supper. 

Going on -bore the next day at noon, we formed part of 
the crowd which had assembled to receive the triumphal 
procession headed by Buffalo and Monkey, which brought 
in the result of our previous day's sport. Most of the meat 
was distributed among the villagers, and in an hour the 
Jessie was again under weigh, and the white walls of 
Tsing-poo rapidly fading iu the distance. 

ma York, 187-1. Wk, M. Tileston. 
♦»♦ 

For FortM and Xl.rtam. 

TRIBULATIONS OF A TRAMP IN THE 
AD1RONDACKS. 



HAVING just returned from a two weeks' trip to the 
John Brown Tract, I herewith submit the follow- 
ing report. Eight of us stalled from Xew York on the 
evening Of July 24th, arriving in Albany at live o'clock the 
next morning. We there took the 0:45 A. M. train, arriv- 
ing in TTtica at eleven o'clock, and Boonvilleat two o'clock. 
Ed. Arnold was to meet us here with a team, and take us 
to the lakes; but, no Arnold could be found, so we had to 
wait . 

Shortly after supper Arnold put iu an appearance, and 
-aid w e should go to Moose River I bat night. It was now nine 
o'clock, and we were still waiting, having walked from Hie 
hotel to the depot just sevenleeu times. Well, we finally 
eo, started lit ten o'clock, and arrived at Moose Itiver at 
half pasl two on the morning of the 36th, after having Urn 
roughest twelve mile ride ever known in the experience of 
any Of the party; slopped at Lawrence's Hotel the remain- 
der of the night, turned .mi at seven o'clock in the morn- 
ing, and during I he next three hours succeeded in getting 
our breakfast, and getting our luggage ever the river and 
securely packed on the backs of horses. 

One of the party had complained several times about the 
... ighl oi his luggage, and we had all complimented him 
on having Ihe heaviest load. He had occasion to open his 
bundle next morning, and in it discovered time b*&&8, whieh 
some one iu New York had placed there before be started. 
He begged us not to let his friends know that he had 
brought them three hundred miles before finding them, bin, 
the joke was too good to keep. At ten o'clock we started 
on o"ur twelve and a half mile walk through the woods lo 
Arnold's. We had been told that if was" a fearful rough 
road, and expected to lind the hardest travelling we had 
ever Been; but our idea of il was like Nicholson pavement 
compared lo ihe reality. It was up mountains, down val- 
leys, over rocks, slumps, and fallen trees, through mud 
and sl'OUghs a yard deep, with mosquitoes and puukies by 
millions. At ihe end of five miles 1 Was nearly played out. 
and if I could have been placed back at .Moose River noth- 
■ tog would have tempted me to w„l.k Ihrougb. The rest of 
the party were nearly all used up, bin not in so bad a con-' 
dilion as myself. This, remember, was at, the end of only 
the fifth mile, and we had seven and a half more before us. 
I made up my mind that this was not only my first, but 
would be my last trip to the Adirondack*. I thought the 
only fortunate man in the original party was C. , who -laved 
at borne. But what could I do? I was in the wildi fni bs. 
live miles from the nearest habitation, and seven and a half 
from anywhere else, and the horses with the res! of the 
party were a long distance ahead. By the way, I would 
like to mention right here that Ihe miles in this part of the 
country measure twenty thousand feel each. I was bound 
to go through or "bust," so 1 trudged along behind, the 
others occasionally waiting for me, and finally N. decided 
to remain with me the reel of Ihe way. He seemed to 
stand the journey very well, but complained that he had 
drank so much water that it made him feel a little bad. 
He said several times that, he could actually hear it jolting 
as he walked, but after listening and puzzling oyer it for 
some time, lie happened to put his hand into the pocket of 
his brother's coat, which he was carrying, and pulled out 
a bottle about half full or some dark Liquid, which ex- 
plained the sound he had been listening lo, and at the same 
time he discovered that the water he had been drinking 
hadn't, made him feel bad at all. He also learned from the 
label thai the bottle contained some kind of medicine for 
pains, cramps, etc., the dose being foui'tccn drops in a gill 

again with the understanding that I should lake a dose at 
the first, place where we could rind anv water; but not a 
drop, of drinking water could we find during Ihe entire re- 
mainder of the journey, and if was just its well that we did 
not, for when we arrived at Arnold's we learned that the 
bottle contained "oil of tar," 

On arriving at the house I spread myself at full length on 
the floor, completely exhausted. I rested an hour, and 
then ale a dinner of bear steak, brook trout, etc., and fell. 
belter, and at six o'clock weni lo bed and slept soundly 
until seven the next morning-. 

My 37tft. — A rainy day before us, but we procured ad- 
ditional provisions, bouts, cooking uteusils, jack and guide, 



mi started fbr Hie lid e \St*S\ < pull - RW md B tin.ll 

miles up the river we ainved ai the "Purge," where WO 
had to "carry" out boats and luggage a qiiailei of a mile. 
As il was then raining ipiile hard, we nailed an hour, but 
seeing no prospect of fair weather, ami being anxious to 
get located in Camp as hOOtl as possible, we decided to starl 
for SeVellth Lake, and run the chances of gelling wet, and 
Ihe chances were good, for we did gel thoroughly drenched, 
and vet we were happy. We wen I as far as Sam Duna 
kin's camp on Fourth Bake (or I Vim Sunagin's, as il is 
sometimes called), where we arrived at three o'clock. Sam 
gol up a splendid dinner, which wc devoured in short 
order, being hungry as wolves. The storm had been in- 
creasing ali" Ihe lime, and wc wailed until it was too I ale 
: further, and then dccid.al to remain all night— 
and a jolly night, we had. 

The next morning, July 38th, we found ihe atorm still 
raging, but were determined lo go into camp thai day any- 
how, 'so afler taking bi-cakla-u We packed our traps into 
the boats once more, and again proceeded on our journey. 
the ruin pouring in torrents, and filling our boats half full 
of water before" we had gone two miles; so we concluded 
lo give it up once more, and weni for Jack Shepherd's 
camp, near the bead of Fourth Lake, which we found va- 
cant, and a nolice on Ihe door saying, "(tone to Queer 
Lake." We at once look possession, and the first thing we 
did was lo build a fire and hang ourselves u:j fodry. Short- 
ly afler our arrival, one of Shepherd's unities came in from 
Queer Bake and gave us a cordial welcome, telling us lo 
make ourselves, comfortable until the storm was over. We 
did make ourselves comfortable the rest oi that day, and 
all night. 

The next, morning, July 29th, wc found the storm still 
raging as hard as ever, but having learned of a vacant 
camp bn the other side of the lake we decided to locate 
there, and give up our Seventh Lake idea. Therefore, 
alter breakfast we packed the boats once more, and pro- 
ceeded to "Camp Providence," which wc found to be a 
lovely place, and all hands were delighted. An hour's 
work put it in perfect order, and wc commenced camp life 
on our own hook for the first time. We tried fishing in 
various directions during the day, but did no; meet with 
much success on account of the storm. Iu the evening we 
sat by an immense fire, whicb is kepi burning al .the en- 
trance of the tent, smokiug our pipes, and telling stories 
until ten o'clock, when we spread our blankels on the 
ground, whieh had been liberally covered with hemlock 
boughs, and turned in for our first night's sleep in an open 
tent." 

On the morning of July 80lh we had a little pleasant 
weather for the first time, hut it turned out to be a cold, 
cloudy day. with rain mixed in occasionally. Did a large 
amount Of fishing and bunting lu-day, but did nol get 
much fish or game. Two of the party, will, a guide, went 
oil" on a deer hunt, to a small lake called "Hell Gate," 
about fourteen miles from camp, and a dear hunt il was 
for those two. When they got there the boat which had 
always been kept, on the fake was nowhere lo be found, 
and after hunting two hours for il they gave up in disgust, 
and started for camp, "here they arrived al I en o'clock in 
ihe evening, completely played out, having travelled 
twenty-eight miles without firing a gun or casting a fly. 

July 111*?. — Another cold, rainy day, and the wind blow- 
ing a, perfect gale, making the lake so rough that it was 
impossible for us to use the boats, or do anything else but, 
loaf around camp aud complain about this confounded 
weather. All bauds discouraged, and beginning lo show- 
homesickness; getting tired of fried pork and ham, and 
longing for fish organic. Caught four trout lo-day, the 
largest of which was less than eight inches long, aud al- 
though it hurts my feelings to do so, 1 am compelled lo ac- 
knowledge that we. have caught more trout than on any 
previous day, or all previous days put together. If this 
weather and hick holds on much longer we shall pack up 
our iraps and go— somewhere; 1 don't know where, but 
the partv seem willing to ao anywhere to get out ol this 
forsakes country, forsaken at least by fish and game. Per- 
haps we will go back to Arnold's, where we can get good 
square meals and a place to sleep, where the rain will nol 
soak our blankets during the night, if it were not for be- 
ing laughed at by our friends, wc should be willing to start 
for home to-morrow morning. 

Auyuxtlxl. — Another cold, rainy day, and the wind slill 
blowing like a hurricane. The rain came down in tor- 
rents during the latter part of last night, causing a stream 
of water to flow through our camp large enough to propel 
a saw mill. Our hark covered lent will shed water pretty 
well in ordinary showers, but afforded very little shelter 
lasl night. We were completely drenched, aud although 1 
supposed my gun was iu a dry place, I found both barrels 
half full ol' watci. Another loafing day before, us, and 
more fried pork aud ham. We amused ourselves Ihe 
greater portion of Ihe day by inventing adjectives suitable 
to express our opinion of this weather, but did not succeed 
in get anything sirong enough to satisfy us. Probably a 
more thoroughh disgusted party never visited the Adirou- 
dacks. We roll ourselves in wet blankets to-night, with 
the understanding thai if it rains lo -morrow morning we 
will pack up our traps and Stan for Arnold's. 

1 itffuti 2d —Still raining. Well, all right; we don't care 
if it rains all summer. The lakes and streams are so high 
now thai there will be no fishiug before it is lime for us lo 
go home, so it makes bul little difference to us. We ale a 
breakfast of fried pork and corn cakes, packed our traps 
into the boats, bid farewell to Camp Providence, aud started 
down the lake, aud in less than an hour the sun came from 
behind the. clouds and laughed at us, but il did not tempi 
us to turn back. We had seen enough of Fourth Lake to 
last us a year, anil therefore proceeded on our course as 
fast, as rough, water and a sirong head wind would permit, 
We went ashore at the head of Third Lake to pick some 
berries, which were very plenty, and alter gelling our fill 
Bome one proposed that we should visit the top of Laid 

.Mountain, ami it was no sooner proposed than we were on 
the way. ft was a big climb, but. Ihe scenery from the lop 
was worth going many miles to see. Nine different lakes 
can be seen, and mountains and valleys in every direction 
as far as the. eye can reach. Once more on the Jakes, and 
the sun still shining, bul the wind is blowing so hard thai 
our progress is very slow. Arrived al the "Purge" al three 
o'clock,' and after working pretty hard succeeded in getting 
our boats and luggage over Ihe "carry," and safely packed 
aud launched into ihe river. Fortune seemed to favor us 
at Ibis "carry," for we didn'L forge! a single thing, except- 
ing a gun, two fishing poles, three canes from the top ol 
Ifald Mountain, a pair of gloves, a. coat, and a rubber blan- 
ket. Pound the river six feet higher thau usual at this sea- 



inn, and higher than evei kiio . tori in the -ummer. 

Arrived al Arnold's al live o'olock awful hungry. We 
had eaten nothing bnl berates aince morning, and aftej 
a good suppei of venison, etc;, WC wnna once more happy. 
A fresh parly came in laic ill lii- eninj Mlft learning that 

we hat jusi lofi the lakes were very anxious to find oat all 

WO knew about the fishing tljevtt. ' We could have written 
il all wiih a. piece of chalk on ,, three cent piece, but not 
wishing 10 hurl their feelings bo soon after iii.-ii- tiresome 
walk from Moo.-i Wives' we made filing's appear as b right 

: ible, They were siii-|iiised to learn thai it would 

not do i" -mud up in a boat when you were pulling iu a 
twelve pound salmon. They seemed to have an idea that 
the boats were noont the size of whale boats. A healthy 

lime they would have with wdiale boat; on a three mile 
"carry." One of the parly was dressed in black broad- 
cloih'pauls, light shoes, white vcsl, linen duster, silk hat, 
and an umbrella 

During the next few days we had lovely weather, and 
enjoyed ourselves very well indeed, Arnold gave us all we 
wanted lo eaf, aud that was a great point, as we had fero- 
cious appetites. About an hour after each meal we would 
hit reckoning the titue we would have to wait be- 
fore the nexl meal WOulu be fflady. Came, was plenty, 
and during the last two Or three days of our stay fishing 
was fair, bul no! what would fie called good. We. remained 
until August, Tib, when wc started for home. Some of us 
weni thrcugh to Moose River with horses, while others 
preferred to walk,, the latter beating the horses' time by 
half an hum. Allliough the, road (?) was in a frightful 
condition on account of the late storm, we were in a ruuJi 
better condition than when we went in, and did not mind 
the journey al all . Went as far as Boonvillc that day, and 
tank the. Ii:sl lirit ;r. tP.' mor::ir:i; stopping six hoJ.ts in 
Albany, and arriving in New York on the morning of Au- 
gust sfh. 

Notwithstanding our many dilheult.ies. and the extremely 
unfavorable weather, we all enjoyed the trip, and shall be 
ready to repeat it next year. Every man gained flesh, aud 
came back with splendid health and a ferocious appetite. 
] should certainly go to the John Brown Tract tor two or 
three weeks' recreation in preference to any other place. 
Il is hard work to get there, but the hard work is exactly 
what is needed b; persons who live in a city and have but 
little exercise, l" should make the journey much easier 
next time bv going in from Moose River on horseback. 
The additional expense is not much. My luggage would 
&6 very light. In addition to the heavy woolen clothing, 
underclothing, and stout boots that would be worn, 1 
Should carrv simply a rubber coat and cap, pair of shoes, 
three ]iairs of sfiek's, a yard of mosquito netting, a bottle 
of "oil of tar " aud fishing tackle, Nothing else. Every- 
Ihing else Hint is needed cam be obtained 'here as cheaply 
as in New York. 1 should not "camp out," but should 
board, either at San. Dunakin's or Jack Shepherd's camps, 
on Fourth Lake, or at Ed. Arnold's, on the river below the. 
lakes, Al either of these places first class board can bi 
obtained for about $6 a Week, Which is about as cheap as 
"camping out," and when night comes you can sleep ou a 
good bod under a mosquito canopy. The fishing and huul- 
im* in Ihe immediate vicinity of these places is first class 
uiehi- decern circumstances, "although the foregoing reporl 
will hardly verify lhat statement, but it, must be remem- 
bered Ilia! we did not gel a chance to try ou account ol the 
unfavorable weather. ' We learned, however, from several 
sources after leaving the lakes, that the parties who re- 
mained' were catching plenty of speckled and salmon trout. 
Boats and good guioes can "lie obtained at any lime. The 
guides all appeal 7 to be tip top fellows, very willing and ac- 
', ommodatiugi ready to go anywhere, or do anything at any 
aud all limes, and seem to have no inclination lo "beat" 
their customers. 1 can with confidence recommend as 
guides the Arnolds, Kick. Weston, Sam Dunakm, Jack 
Shepherd, and George Ballard. There are many others 
who arc no douU equally a,, good, but these are the only 
ones with whom I became personally acquainted, They 
arc wholt souled men, and will go a long distance out of 
their Way to do a man a I, or, R. H. WaWEEB, 

ffeui York, Ainjud 10ft, 1874. 

nee of hops and a table- 
water. When well boiled 
olasses and a half an ounce 
; when cold add a teacup 
cask (a jug will do), and lei 
en bottle it for use— you 
te days. The essence of 



ScKcci; BbBB.— Allow an 
spoon of ginger lo a gallon ol 
strain il, and put in a pinl of i 
or less of the essence of sprue 
of yeast? put in a clean, light 
it ferment for a day or two, 
will lind it quite good af 



ipru 



j can 



be obtained at i 



Irug sto 



To Take GBEASB Out or BOA3M abd Stone.— Make 
astrou"- ley of pearl-ash and soft water, and as much un- 
slacked lime as it will take it up; stir it up together, and 
let it settle a few minutes; bottle il, and stop dose; have 
readv some water to lower it as used, aud scour the part 
willi it If the liquid should lie long on tile boards it will 
draw out the color of I hem. Do it, therefore, with care 
and expedition. 



died Balata gum, 
o use. It takes a 
rubber. It exudes 
One curious ptop- 
s.ed as a substitute 



—Anew kind of elastic n 
grown in English Guiana, is i 
place between gutta purchi 

from a live called Ihe 8ajh tfl 

city it has rs that "hen liesh it 

for milk. About ll),U0u poumis oi una »iuj»i«i« «" 

been sent I" England. Mr. Melville first discovered the 

useful qualities of Balata gum in i860. 

-».+- 

--By the Lngbsh Helling Ad, frequently alluded loin 
u-f r : gn letters which went i ;o p e.-.-. Lion ou July Slst, 



pen 



t- liable lo pt 



ni. fo 



of £30, 
mths 



prison- 

culars, 



advertisement lo be published, or any letters, 
telegrams, Ac, lobeseu! or exhibited giving tu. 
or advice witli respeel to bets or wagers in the United 
Kingdom of Scotland. The act also applies to ihoso who 
mayinduoe persons to apply to any house or other place 
for information Or advice, or who may invilc people to 
make or take an y share iu s U ch-bets or wa gera. 

—To Clear a room of mosquitoes, take of gum camphoi 
a piece of about one-third ihe size of an egg, mid evaporate 
it by placing it in a tj« vessel and holding il 0\ at a lamp or 
cindhwtaking care that it does not ignite. The smoke 
will soon till the room and expel tile mosquitoes. 

—When a bullet misses bs mark, is it proper to say it U 
lead asliay f 



^32 



FOREST AND STREAM. 



0sl\ §ti1tnr L e. 



This Journal (r the OBlcial Orgnn of the Pish Cnltur- 
tats' Association. 



FLASHES FROM THE "BLU SLIGHT." 



SEVENTH WEEK. 
\\ — — 

I WILL begin my letter by giving you tlie final results nf 
our experiments in accustoming young shad to salt 
water, and will briefly cennect this -week's work with the 
condition of affairs at noon on the 32d nit., when I lust 
wrote. 

All fish taken from batching boxes at five. A. M. on the 
loth, one hour old. All fish arrived at Noank at half past 
eleven A. M. on the 15th. First salt, water put in at nine 
P. M. on the lolh. 

No. 1 became entirely salt at six P. M. on the 17th in 
forty-five hours; fish began dying at nine, A. M. on the 
lSlh"; all dead at si\ P. M. on the 18th, having lived fifteen 
hours in Irish water, forty-five hours in water being gradu- 
ally sailed, and twenty-four hours in entirely salt water; 
altogether eighty-five (tours (throe days and thirteen hours) 
from hutching boxes. 

No. 2 became entirely salt at three P. M. on the 19th 
(ninety hours); began dying at nine P. M.on the 19th; died 
rapidly during the 20th*, 21st, and 23d, and at nine A. M. 
on the 2?d nearly all were dead (a very few lived six hours 
logger), having rived si? teen hours in fresh water, ninety 
hours in a mixture more or less salt, and sixty-six hours in 
entirely salt water; altogether 172 hours (seven days and 
four hours) from hatching boxes. 

No. 8 became one third salt and two thirds fresh nt three 
A. M. on Ihe 17th (thirty hours); fish lived well and lively 
till the 20lh, when they began dying, and continued to die, 
bill at slower rate than in No. 2, until three P. M. on the 
23d, when, having been 156 hours in one Ihird salt and two 
thirds fresh water, about seven eighths had died.. The re- 
mainder died gradually until six'P. M. on the 25th, when 
but half a dozen were alive; but they bad outlived by 
many hours any young shad ever treated in such manner. 
Their record, is— in fresh water sixteen hours; in water 
more or less salt thirty hours; one third salt, as a batch, 
150 hours (eight days and ten hours), and a few survived 
fifty-one hours longer, reaching to ten days and ten hours 
from hatching boxes, all but sixteen hours of which they 
were in water more or less salt. This was our best experi- 
ment. 

No. 4 became hall salt and half fresh in forty eight 
hours (nine P. M. on the 17th). The fish, as a batch, did 
better than in either of the other jars, very few dying until 
pine A. M. on the 22d. when thev began to settle, and were 
all dead on the 23d at six A. M., 'their record being— fresh 
water, sixteen hours; water more or less salt, forty-eight 
hours; water half salt and half fresh, 139 hours; altogether, 
eight days and one hour from boxes. 

In the' above four sets of experiments the water was kept 
ordinarily at from (16° to 68 and 70 , but on the 20th the 
temperature of the air ran up to 79', and the water in the 
jars to 77'. This ftCOOSB of heat produced great mortality. 

Jar No. 5— Temperature test, fresh water kept at (54°; 
the ti-b began dying noticeably on .the 33d, and were all 
dead at three A. AL on the 23d", having lived seven days 
arid twenty-one hours from hatching boxes. 

No. 6— Temperature test, kepi at Of ■'; some of the fish 
ill nine P. M. on the 23d; eight days and fifteen 
hours from boxes. 

No. 7— Same test as above, with similar results. 

No. 8— After having been kept in fresh water at 04 for 
six days, and appearing lively, were placed in an ice chest, 
Mid suddenly reduced to 50," killing all in seven hours. 

Nos. 9 and 10— Natural temperature; fresh water, changed 
every six hours; had all died at three P. M. on the 23d, 
having lived eight days and twelve hours from boxes. 

A few fish were taken from jar 9 when weak and nearly 
used up. They were placed in a jar with a small quantity 
of road-ide gravel. They began to work around among if, 
and ivvivcifconsiderably, outliving those left in No. 9 jar 
. il hours. This seems to point to a conclusion that, 
in addition to the experiment of very slowly adding the 
salt wai er, some means must be devised by which, at the 
same time, food can he supplied to them." Various fresh 
Waters were tried during this course of experiments on 
smaller numbers, and il was found that water from cis- 
terns, ponds, or that had run through old slimy logs, was 
bad for them, killing them in a day. The jars' being kept 
shaded, a few fish from each were "tried in small two quart 
glass jars, placed in the window, ami exposed to the light; 
in each case this proved injurious, and the fish died soon. 
The one singular result Of this set of experiments is that, 
young shad have been kept longer in salt water than they 
ever have before been in fresh, and it is highly probable 
that starvation killed them eventually. 

old and Vealley have cleaned up their jars 
and cans, and started back. Mr. G. will, through the tall, 
continue a set of experiments suggested by the present. 

In the laboratory a scries of interesting experiments have 
been carried on by Profs. Veirili, Hyatt, and Rice, to as- 
certain the action of various forms of poison upon the 
lower forms of animal life. The primary object has been 
tu discover, if possible, some method of killing an animal 
while in certain stages of expansion, so Ihal specimens of 
the animals, as they present themselves, and are drawn, 
;*uv be retained. It has been found a very difficult opera- 
tion. A bit of living coral shows each little orifice crowned 
-i n. ill daisy-like polype, restlessly waving in the 
water. 

The ancmonie thrusts forlh from its leather, sack-like 
body petal-like antenaa, which, of various, colors, produces 
a similitude to the flower from which it is named. 

Mollusks crawl out— or nearly out — from their shells, 
and, as in the case of the common periwinkle, develop 
iiiosi curious organs; in the end of the long proboscis are 
bidden sharp, strong, file-like teeth, with which lie rasps 
Lis way through the strongest sheila, and this proboscis is, 
in a stale of quiet, withdrawn into the body, between the 
two feelers on which are situated its eyes lue great fool, 
will) which he drags himself along, is generally withdrawn 
from sight. Many shells possess curious organs; even ihe 
c-uninuu clain is a subject of study. 

But lo obtain a lasting view oi ihese appearances pre- 



sents a great difficulty. Only when nudistmbed will they 
expand and show their beauties. At a touch or jar they 
contract and hide their peculiarities. Therefore the at- 
tempt is made to kill them suddenly while expanded. The 

THE PEKIWmKLK.* 




most virulent poisons have been tried. Prof. Rico experi- 
mented upon the Gasteropoda, casting them inio string al- 
cohol, prussicacid, wooraia. The first killed them, but they 
gradually shrank back in their shells as they died. With 
prussic acid and coniine they died quickly,' but with few 
cases of any remains of expansion, 1hey acting in fact hut 
little more effectively than did stale water. " Hydrate of 
chloral and chloroform seemed to kill them most rapidly, 
but their contraction was as complete as in alcohol. Picric 
acid acted quickly, but not enough so as to prevent con- 
traction. This acid has been found the most effectual of 
anv substance with which to kill and preserve jelly fish. 
Treating them with alcohol has been found ineffectual. 
Osmic acid has been highly commended by some European 
writers as a material for killing and hardening these deli- 
cate creatures before immersing them in alcohol for preser- 
vation, but the experiments made with it here arc not satis- 
factory, for it badly discolors them. Prof. Verril! has 
found thai even the 'most delicate ones can be nicely pre- 
served by first itr.mersing them for half an hour in a strong 
solution of picric acid, then transferring them to alcohol of 
about sixty per cent. The same method has been found to 
be successful with hydroids, auemonies, sponges, and va- 
rious other soft bodied creatures. The little coral polype, 
Chough, draws back and disappears loo quickly. For 'kill- 
ing many kinds cf animals a solution of chloral hydrate 
lias been found successful, even when they have resisted 
the action of poisons more virulent to higher forms. In 
this, most soft bodied animals die quickly, and many kinds, 
such as the soft nemertean worms, annelids, etc., die in a 
fully expanded position, displaying all of their organs, Ihe 
specimens being transferred to alcohol when dead. One 
creature has beaten the whole corps so far. He seems to be 
impervious to poison. This is a lar~e, soft larva? of a fly 
(Erigtalia), found living i»i pools of dirty sea water near high 
water mark, burying their bodies in the decaying vegetable 
matter and mud "at the bottom, and stretching their long, 
slender, tapering tails up to Ihe surface for air, their breath- 
ing apparatus being at the extreme end of the tail, which 
can be extended from one to four inches at will. Although 
apparently quite soft and tender, tbis creature is covered 
with a coat of mail impenetrable to all poisons. The 
strongest alcohol was but a bath to them, in which they 
swam for hours unharmed. Ether seemed to kill them in 
about an hour, bul on being taken oul and placed in sea 
water they would come to life again. Strong carbolic acid 
simply annoyed them, and eleven hours soaking in strong 
hydrate of chloral but made them less lively. Several 
specimens were placed in a strong solution of picric acid. 
They enjoyed it for thirty-six hours, then connived to 
craw) out of the dish and escape. Prussic acid, cyanide of 
potassium, and other deadly poisons had no effect mi them, 
and even in a concentrated solution of caustic potash I hey 
lived for thirty-five minute. 

The periwinkles and other shell fish have to bo caught 
when partially expanded by a string fastened around the 
expanded part quickly, and hung up by the string, the 
weight of their shell and body gradually draws them out. 

The "Bluenght," during the week, made her usual quota 
of trips. Our cruising ground, though, has been some- 
what limited by the continued northeasterly winds, which 
have roughened up the Sound too much for our work. 
Along the southern shore of Connecticut, and of some of 
the larger islands, we have, however, found smoother 
waters, and. two good pulls in the Race brought up bags 
full of pebbles and gravel from forty fathoms' down, but 
very poorly filled with animal life. 

'i'he Cygnet, our working yacht, has worked diligently 
in the adjacent bays, seining for small fish, setting trawls, 
etc., for larger ones. The trawls, ns usual, brought skates 
and flounders, but in one day four blue fish had hung them- 
selves for our inspection — an advance guard, perhaps, for 
the next day the Race was full of them, and the Hollers 
were well rewarded. 

Our anticipations as to finding here the young of many 
species has been realized, and- lo ihe Bell house are ar- 
ranged jars of many sorts; some, such as the young cod, 
not. before found in this locality. And besides, we have 
young bluetish, hake, ale wives, dinners, tautog, skale, 
flounders, and a curious fish, the lump fish (cycivpterutt turn- 

■""'Pekhviskle" (Sijeotypm canaliculatus), half natural else.— a. The 
head. ft. The probo.-cu. c. TUe breathing pipe. <•. Trie foot. /. The 
operculum, or door. fj. The mantle. 



pm), a beautifully marked fish. This one is of a reddish 
brown, with blue and green tints and silvery streaks, when 
grown to perhaps two feet in length. They resemble, when 
floating on the surface, as they usually do, lumps of green- 
ish ice, their translucent bodies permitting a play of light. 

Profs. Gill and Putnam have about five hundred pickled 
skates from our work, and about two barrels full from 
Maine, and are making careful investigations into certain 
differences to decide questions as to species. 

A fine tarpum, four feet nine inches in length, and weigh- 
ing fiftv-five pounds, was sent to Prof. Baird by Mr. Black- 
ford, of Fulton Market, and is in the hands of the taxi- 
dermist. It was caught somewhere off Long Island. Our 
trawling and dredging has not been so productive of new 
results, as usual, for the weather has kept us mostly to 
ground already thoroughly explored. In fact the vicinity 
is nearly exhausted, and our summer's work near to a close. 
Our party is breaking up by degrees, and in another week 
we will have finished, and 'in another, Noank will be left 
with but I lie memory of the Commission, and we feel and 
hope that the remembrance will be mutuallv pleasant. 

P. S— August 30th. P. M.— Worked "Race" faithfully 
all day; good breeze from S.S.W. ; two lines; two small 
bluefish and two bonitos. Crossed to and from Fisher's 
Island a dozen times. Another boat got seven. 

Piseco. 
•*■«■ 

SALMON BREEDING ON THE PACIFIC 
COAST, 

w United States Fish Commission, I 

N 1 - McCloud Kivkh, Cut., August 20th, 1874. J 

Editor Forest and Stream.— 

The cnt.crpri-e for procuring salmon spawn with which to stock the 
Eastern rivers is being curried out, under the charge or Livingston Sioiic, 
XI. S. Deputy Fish Commissioner, upon the McCloud Kiver, in Northern 
California. Notwithstanding the disivantage arising from the distance 
of the camp from settlements, Ihe work is progressing in a very satis- 
factory maimer. The liver 3 a rapid one, and very cold, being formed 
from melting snow upon Mount Shasta. A trap has been b.illt. however, 
120 fett iu length, and extending across the river, by means of which the 
salmon, ns they are going up stream, are secured In corrals, from Which 
they are taken as they are used. The arrangements for maturing the 
eggs are. Ibis year, quite extensive. There are 800 running feet of hatch- 
ing troughs, one foot wide, and ihe trays of wire netting lor holdiug the 
eggs cover a surface of two thousand square feet. The troughs are sup- 
plied wiih constantly running water by a large water wheel, which raises 
15.000 gallons of water every hour, some males have been caught which 
ate already ripe, and probably the work of taking eggs will commence 
the first week in September. The preparatory work, which has occupied 
ten white men and several Indians for more than a month, is now nearly 
completed. The camp household consists of ten « hit-.- men. a Chinese 
cook, and one or two regular Indian servants. Indians fr^m neighboring 
rancheros work daily. The weather is remarkably cool and enjoyable 
this year, at this season, and life at the McCloud Kiver Cnmp is thought 
very pleasant by every one here. As the fish of the rivers in this vicinity 
have beenvery little studied, specimens are collected for the Smithsonian 
In-titute. especially of the salmon, trout, and wydardceket in the differ- 
ent stages of development. The salmon are very abundant ihis year, 
and there is reason to expect great success in this expedition of the Fsh 
Commission. M. S. P. 
+ •&■ 

Fisir at the Rochester State Fair. — Mr. Geddes, super- 
intendent of the fair, is making active preparation for an 
exhibition of Mr. Seth Green's fish, which will illustrate 
all the most brilliant results of fish culture. From the 
Rochester AdttorMw we take the following : "A tent, forty 
feet in diameter, will be placed in the open spaco opposite 
the club house, and this will entirely be devoted to ihe 
interesting display. Six feet from the outer line of the 
tent there will bo a circular row of aquariums, and ihese 
will be filled with salmon from one to four years of nge, 
salmon trout in the same stages of growth, brook trout 
from one lo ten years old, the latter front the ponds of A. 
S. Collins, together with the graylings, and finally all the 
common kinds of fish, besides some thai are exceedingly 
rare. The game fish, save the grayling, have all been raised 
from the egg, and will, therefore, show to even the most 
(initiated observer what has been done by Seth Green and 
the fish commissioners of the Stale. Besides the aquariums 
there will be globes containing fish, hanging all about the 
large tent, -which will thus furnish as beautiful a spectacle 
as will be found on the grounds during the fair. Mr. Green 
in this instance is preparing for an exhibition which, for 
novelty, beauty and interest will be something never before 
witnessed." 

The fair will commence on the 14th of September, and 
continue until the 18th. Location on the grounds of the 
Rochester driving park." 

«■» 

Salmon is tub Affluents, of Lake Huron.— We have 
the following from Mr. D. II. FilZbugh, of Bay City, Mich- 
igan, lo his friend, our correspondent, Mr. Thaddeus 
JN orris: — 

1 had a veritable salmo salar sent to me alive from the An Sable last 
Wednesday, one of those placed in the stream a year ago. 1 took your 
'•American Angler" and traced him out line lot line und dot for dot— 
flui;er marks all correct, and everything that could identity Mm to per- 
fection. A nice line of red spots along hie lateral line, a forked tail ac- 
cording to plate, with small scilca. It was exactly sis inches long; a 
inile longer than your life-size plate. I encased nim iu ice and sawdust 
and sent him by express to Professor Baird, under whose au-p ces three 
thousand Try waie put in the river at Grayling lust year. The little fel- 
low was taken with a fly near the bridge at Grayling. 

—The Scientific Manufacturer of Chicago and Detroit 
contains a description of an improvement in a fish hatching 
apparatus, ihe invention of the Hon. N. W. Clark, of Oak- 
laud county, Michigan. The egg traps are so arranged as 
to be readily moved from p'ace to place, and can be washed 
in various currents of water. This invention facilitates 
labor in every way, and iusures a very large yield of fish. 
The cost of hatching some 1,500,000 while' fish by this 
patent only amounted to some $031, and the sane expense 
Would have brought to maturity two or three limes as many 
eggs, with an exceedingly small per ceutage of loss. It 
should be remembered that while fish eggs are among the 
most difficult ova to batch. 



—The death of Dr. J. H. Slack, of Bloomsburg, N. J., 
one of ihe Fish Commissioners of that State, is announced 
We have no particulars, and trust that tho report is un- 
founded. 



FOREST AND STREAM. 



63 



imnl Jjistarg. 

'TAMING ZEBRAS. 

IN the taet Bulletin of the Pbris Society of AcrUiihilalion, 
there is to be found a most interesting article, from 
the pen of M. Saint-Yves Menard, on the successful taming 
of a number of zebras. The specimens thus broken lo 
harness were BurcheU's Zebras, known in Africa under Hie 
name of Dauws and PceohiS. Before the Prussian war, 
several zebras hud been partially handled, but during the 
siege were probably eaten. In 1872 seven young dauws 
were bought by lite Society. At first, these animals were 
exceedingly wicked, biting, kicking, and allowing no 
familiarity. When put together in a large stall, it was 
dangerous to enter, as they used their heels, and were ter- 
rible biters. In order to halter them, the beasts Were las- 
soed. After a great deal of trouble, all the animals were 
haltered to the same manger, only divided from one 
another by hanging partitions. It was au ugly business to 
go near them even then. On the approach of a groom, they 
would all commence kicking and plunging together. 'The 
introduction of horses among them was l he first step which 
brought a good result. After a while the zebras could be 
utlered and fed. To groom them gave a great deal of 
trouble, but in time this was satisfactorily accomplished. 
Kindness and gentleness to the beasts were the only 
methods employe''. In about six months, the first attempt 
to put the dauws in harness was tried. Just then a cele- 
brated French horse turner offered his services to break 
three of the zebras to draw a wagon. Basing his theory of 
zebra taming on the severe method employed with horses, 
the man used a certain amount of severity, and signally 
failed. The dauws were returned to the Society, cowed, 
but not broken, and in wretched condition, The work bad 
to be recommenced. In time the animals became obedient, 
and at present are found to be most serviceable beasts. 
Their gait is not rapid, but sustained. At present the 
duaws are found to be quite useful. They are not only 
quite steady under a heavy load, but work smartly, and 
stand considerable fatigue, doing all the ordinary hauling 
for the garden. One serious drawback, however, still 
exists, and that is that the zebras have to be caged and lied 
up whenever shoeiug them is necessary. JM. Saint- Yees 
Menard draws from these attempts to bring the zebras into 
use, the following conclusions : 

1st. That the dauws can be domesticated. 2d. That the 
only method to be employed is to treat him kindly. 3d. 
Tbat they nan bo usefully employed as draft animals. 4th. 
That the animals have a" certain merit for endurance and 
vigor; although not fast, they seem to occupy a, position 
between the ass and the horse, as to temper and character. 
5th. That in placing Burchell's zebra among domestic 
animals, his usefulness would be about the same as that of 
the ass. 

-».«- 

THE BIRDS OF NEWFOUNDLAND. 

THE ornithology of Newfoundland has, as yet, re- 
ceived scant attention from naturalists, so that it is 
impossible to make out anything approaching ton. com- 
plete list of its avi-fauna. It is greatly to be wished that 
some enthusiastic ornithologist would visit this island wilh 
the view of making a complete study of the subject. The 
only one who has done so, to any extent, is Henry Reeks, 
Esq.., P. L. 3., of Thruxton, Andover, England, who spent 
the greater part of two years in Western Newfoundland, 
engage! in the examination of its ornithology. Unfortu- 
nately he met with an accident which kepi him in the 
house for several mouths, so that he was unable to accomp- 
lish, as much ai be might otherwise have done; still his 
"notes," which appeared some years ago in the Zaolaffixt, 
are very valuable and furnish the only information on' the 
subject which is reliable. To these "notes" t am largely 
indebted for the following facts regarding a few of the 
more important of the birds found in Newfoundland:— 

Hawks.— Qi the hawk species, Mr. Keeks reckons up 
eleven varieties, which are to be found here. The osprcy, 
or fish hawk, is the finest of these, and is common in the 
thinly settled districts of the island. It is a summer mi- 
grant, coming in May, and retiring in the early part of 
October. It builds in trees in the extensive woods, either 
near t.lio sen-coast or some inland lake. The eggs can 
scarcely be distinguished from Kuropeou specimens; and 
both Wilson and Audubon reckon lire European and Ame- 
rican osprey of Hiesame species. "Often." says Mr. Reeks, 
"on a calm summer's evening, as I lay on the crass smok- 
ing iny pipe, have I watched two or three pairs of these 
birds fishing in the harbor. Suddenly the slow, ciircliug 
flight is stopped— the quick eye discerns its si I in 
the body assumes a n almost vertical position; the wings 
for a moment vibrate rapidly, as if to give their owner im- 
petus, aud then, with almost unerring aim, like an arrow 
from a bow, the osprey drops into tile water. In a few 
seconds he re-appears, and rising a few feet from the 
water, the l apid vibration of wings is again observable, 
but this time only to drive the claws mole; firmly into the 
sides of his finny morsel, with which he slowly sails away 
to some high tree, in the woods, where, probably, is a 
nest — 

ItaaM a burden for the tallest tree. '' 

The Jiuld EiigU— The bald or wliltelieaded eft-gto is called 
in the vernacular of Newfoundland "Ihe Grope. It is also 
a summer migrant to Newfoundland, sod disappears in ihe 
fall. Its nest is usually found near the top of a (all pino 
tree, and generally contains but two eggs. This handsome 
bird is gradually decreasing as settlement advances though 
it is still tolerably common. 

The other members of ihe hawk species, enumerated by 
Mr. Reeks, are Ihe pigeon hawk, n beautiful bird, closely 
resembling the merlin, which feeds chiefly oil small birds; 
the Greenland falcon, called by our settlers the "While 
Hawk;" the American sparrow hawk and goshawk; the 
black hawk or buzzard; the sharpshinned hawk; the. red- 
tailed hawk and the Amoricau hen harrier. The whole, of 
thorn are summer migrants. 



Owls. — Of owls we have a considerable variety. The 
great horned owd visits this island for the purpose of nidifl- 
calion, and is not very uncommon, especially late in Ihe 
summer, when the young leave their nests. 'Our settlers 
call this the "Oaf Owl," and its nest is said to be usually on 
the ground, ou a tussock of grass. The American bam 
owl is rare in Newfoundland; but the screech owl, a sum- 
mer migrant, is I olerably common; The l'ongeared and short- 
cared owl, the barred and sparrow owl, arc common; the 
snowyowl or"Whiu-Owl" of our settlers, remains through- 
out l he year. Its chief prey is the polar hare and the ptarmi- 
gan, which retire to the 'highlands as the snow partially 
disappears. The snowy owl is a bold, rapacious bird and 
not easily driven from its slaughtered prey. When feast- 
ing on an c'.tWv duck it has been sometimes knocked over 
with stones and apparently killed before it would relinquish 
its bold of the duck, "During my residence in Newfound- 
land," says-Mr. Reeks, "I heard several amusing anecdotes 
of the snowy owl, one or two of which I shall relate. 
William Youngs, of Uod i oy, having continually had the 
bait stolen from one of his' fox-traps, determined to watch 
the trap and shoot the robber. For this purpose he selected 
a fine moonlight night, with snow on thegrouud, and with 
a gun in bis baud, a white swanskin frock on, anda while 
handkerchief lied ronud his cap, bo secreted himself in a 
small bush, about twenty yards from bis trap, fully deter- 
mined to shnol Ihe first' comer; but his .determination 
proved fruitless; for a largo, white owl — probably the thief 
—seeing something white sticking up through the centre of 
the bush, aud evidently mistaking it tor a fine, plump, wil- 
low-grouse, instantly made a 'stoop,' and at the same time 
sending its claws almost to ihe man's brains, suddenly dis- 
appeared with the cap and white handkerchief, 'tin- man 
was so sIhi tied for the moment that he was unable to shoot 
at Ihe bird. The snowy owl is a frequent attendant— 
although generally unnoticed— of the sportsman, and gen- 
erally succeeds in carrying ofE a grouse or duck before the 
retriever gels lo it. On one occasion some men were wait- 
ing in ice 'gazes' Eel ihe purpose of shooting wild geese, 
when one of them, named James Carter, left his 'gaze' to 
eo and have a chat wilh his neighbor, incautiously leaving 
his new white swan-skin cuffs and gun behind him. He 
had scarcely Icii bis 'gic/.o' when an unseen enemy, in the 
shape of a fine snowy owl, pounced in and succeeded in 
gelling cleared' again with both of the white cuffs. A fine 
adult bird of this species entered my host's house, via the 
chimney, anil fought so valiantly for its life that the man 
had to kill it with a 'pew' — a piece of pointed iron fastened 
to a wooden handle about four feet long, and used for 
throwing codfish from the boats. A good many snowy 
owls aie aunually caught in the fox-traps of the settlers; 
and when very fat, which they frequently arc, are con- 
sidered good caliug by many." 

Hawk Owl.— The only other species of owl here is the hawk 
owl, which is very common, and is generally found in the 
neighborhood of houses,preying ou chickens, tame pigeons, 
Ac, remaining throughout "the year, but not so abundant 
in the depth of winter as at other seasons. It is in the 
habit of perching on the bare and dead top of high rir trees, 
from which it commands a good view "of the immediate 
neighborhood, and suddenly drops upon any unfortunate 
object in the shape of food "that may happen to pass within 
a convenient distance. 

Woodpeckers. — Six species of woodpeckers are found in 
Newfoundland. Of these the finest is the black-backed 
three-toed woodpecker, which is tolerably common through- 
out the year; aud often when the snow-Hakes darken the 
air, no other sign of animal life is noticeable than the 
"woodpecker tapping" in search of the larvae of several 
fine species of sirex, which abound in the dense forests. 
The banded three-toed woodpecker is also resident through- 
out the year; but the black woodcock, or "great black 
woodpecker" of our settlers, is only a summer migrant. 
The flicker, called here the "English Woodpecker," is 
pretty common, and has a peculiar note which bears a 
fancied resemblance to that of the green woodpecker — 
hence the name bestowed on it by our settlers. 

Swifts. — Mr. Reeks enumerates two species of swifts — 
the American chimney swallow and the American nigfct 
hawk— both summer migrants. The belled kin-fisher, he 
says, is tolerably common during (he summer months, and 
like the British species of kingfisher, builds in banks, often 
at a considerable depth, and lays five or six white eggs. 
Six species of Ihe tyrant By-catchers visit Newfoundland in 
summer, and disappear when the first snow falls. The 
bee martin, the pewee, wood pewee, green-crested fly- 
catcher and yellow-bellied fly-catcher belong to ibiscla,'s. 
aud are all summer migrants. 

J'lovcr and Curlew. — These birds are peculiarly fine in 
Newfoundland; especially the latter, which is pronounced 
by epicures to be the most delicate table bird anywhere to 
he found. The history of our curlews is rather curious. 
They are bred on the bleak eoasls of storm-beaten Labrador, 
where they feed mostly on shrimps, and are so fishy as to 
be almost "uneatable. 'During August, when Ihe wild Mer- 
ries begin to ripen, they arrive in countless Hocks on the 
barrens of Newfoundland, aud feed solely on fruit. Their 
droppings arc then a rich purple, while their feathers are 
often stained wilh berry -juice; and they become so fat, sweet 
and tonderthat they sometimes burst whentliey fall. When 
in this condition the curlew are delicious. When the winter 
approaches these birds fly to South America, where thev 
winter— Chiefly, it is said, in Brazil— the longest flight o'f 
any migratory birds known. A few of them rest for a 
short time at the Bermudas, and some visit the West India 
Islands; aud Ihey have been seen, it is said, perching on 
the huge rafts of tangled sea-weed (hat are found after a 
storm in the BaragOSSa Sea, There can bo no doubt that 
these were the docks of laud birds seen by Columbus dur- 
ing his first memorable voyage in these latitudes. In the 
spring they do not approach Newfoundland, but make 
their way up to Labrador through the Slates, probably fol- 
lowing the spring as the snow line gradually retreats north- 
ward. 

(To be continued.) 



CENTRAL. PARK MENAGERIE. 



Department oy 1'ubuc l\inue, i 
New Yokk, Aug. 30, 1874, f 

Aiilauils rcceivud ut Control Park Muuagcne for tlio week eudiug 
AtiSUBtSflth, ISM: 

Oik- Rhinoeurns, SMuaxros mthdanri/. Sab. India. Height, 5feoM 
tuoh.es; IciigtU. 11 fuet; girth, 11 tuut iinshMI wolglit, uboui S.OUOllrtt. 

Two BaciTtau Oumols, Oarndm baetftbus . Hub, Central Asia. 

One tiea Lion. Aw,, .,..,. Sat). Pai illc Ocuaa. 

Onu Crow, Vervw Ameiiamw. 

Two Curusaoua, O'/ra fUeator. \V. A. Conkun. 



Sffoodlxnd, $uvn mid (§nrden. 

ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. 



Aoapamucs, (natural 
ts one of the most valual 
ihe most graceful foliage will: 
soms. In flower beds or mos 
magnificent. This variety is 
Johnson, of Wesffield, makes 
rare African bulb, planted ii 
the very choicest of blossoms, and w 
very fine and pleasing effect in tin 
gladiolus of either the Ramosus or 
Try this style of planting for next y 
that for the centre compartment of y 



■cler Hmnero etdlimeea\— This 

of the African lilies, combining 

dlli large, handsome bead bins- 

losses (he blue variety is I inly 

is the one our correspondent 

ubject of inquiry. This 

ill, loamy soil, produces 

we have planted ii, wilh 

the centre Of a circle of 

Qandarewm variety. 

ir, and you will find 

garden you have 



a splendid and beautiful finish. In "the pot culture of these 
bulbs use a large pot or large pail for each plant, Use 
good, strong, rich loam and clung. During the summer 
mouths, when in pots, give abundance of water and liquid 
cow manure twice each week. In the winter protect from 
severe frost, and give water very sparingly. If you follow 
the above directions wc will guarantee" you a splendid 
bloom. O, Q, 

M. Thomas, Wisconsin. — We are in receipt of your box 
and inquiry of the 8th nil., as lo "what is the enclosed in- 
sect?" 'I his curious little insect is called I'/it/malo croto, 
and is one of the few friends to the gardener tliat, like cer- 
tain kinds of birds, should ever find a welcome about the. 
gardens of the fruit grower. The Phymata is a great [over 
of the insect called the Aphides, which infests in swarms 
our best shade trees, aud is very destructive. They have a 
great love for the linden tree, and I have seen them many 
limes upon my own lindens, and made a ca-eful study of 
them, The Phymatu e/vssaverv peiseveriugly pursues the 
Aphides, and greedily devours them. I carefully placed a 
leaf containing a number of both the Aphides iw<\ Phvmafa 
under a microscope for examination. The latter insect 
would grasp the former in ils embrace, bold it fast, and 
then extend a Utile laucc-shaped tube, wdth which, after 
piercing the Aphides, it sucked all the life out of it, leaving 
only a skin. They feed upon the rose insect, and also upon 
some others. I regard it as the friend and not Ihe enemy 
of the gardener. As yet I have found no satisfactory solu- 
tion of your other question; as soon as found will commu- 
nicate. We have before us three letters making similar 
inquiries. O. Q. 

Ellen Mart, Mi, Clair, N. J.— The leaves you send are 
from a plant called the "honey flower" (Meliaitihu*), a na- 
tive of the Cape of Good Hope. It is profusely cultivated 
in England, but is not considered so valuable here. It may 
be grown in the open air, but requires protection from 
frost. It produces abundantly large spikes of a brownish 
red color. The soil should be light, Q. 

♦•♦> 

LOAFERS IN THE GARDEN— DO NOT 
SCARE THE BIRDS. 



Casting my eyes out upon my garden at this willing, I 
can see three pairs of industrious, happy-winged work- 
ers, all busy protecting my tine large cherries, which are just 
beginning to show their scarlet sides to the morning sun. 
Are not my feathered servants busy this fine day ? Says 
one at my side, "you will have no cherries if you thus 
allow the birds to depredate at will upon them ; see that 
old fellow of a robin; he picks out the choicest of fruit 
aud bears it away." Truly, he does that, and I am pleased 
to let him carry away his wages. Thosa three pairs of 
birds, 'tis true, eat quite a quantity of cherries, but what 
then; I planted many more trees than I wished, in order 
that the birds should have their dues. You would be sur- 
prised to know how great a work of destruction these six 
robins alone perform in a single morning. Make these 
winged co-laborers your friends, do not drive the birds 
away from your gardens; rather encourage and protect 
them. Drive away long-legged loafers, who arc knocking 
down your walls, breaking Into your enclosures, under the 
pretext of hunting, yes, hunting it is, with a vengeance, 
every little unfortunate bird that falls in their way. Turn 
about and hunt them out of your grounds ; there is too 
much of this garden loafing permitted, for it is a uuisanco 
that breaks in not only upon our week day occupations, 
but destroys even our Sunday's quiet, If any class of men 
deserve the special attention of our gentlemanly shooiing- 
clubs it is Ihese fellows, who prowl around gardens just 
in the times when the birds are making their nest's and 
hatching out their young. We are very happy to know 
that such fellows fare pretty roughly at the hands of our 
game-protecting associations, and in the vicinity of Boston, 
Boxbury aud Arlington they are most severely dealt with. 
We feel it to be our duty to protect the birds from Ihese 
" hunters," and to become in our turn the "hunters" of 
Ihese garden loafers. Ollip$d Quill. 
«*•■ 

Procession op the Peaks. — From the Divide, between 
this city and Gold Hill, is to be had a magnificent pan- 
oramic view 7 of the mountain scenery, lying far to the 
southward. At the distance of from forty to sixty miles 
in that direction rise the grand, massive peaks of the Sier- 
ras, standing stately and clearly denned against the blue 
sky beyond. These peaks are particularly striking at the 
present time because of their being robed from head to 
foot in white aud glittering snow. Viewed from our stand- 
point on the Divide, they look like an army of giants march- 
ing up from the desert wilds of Arizona, in meandering 
array. Far away the tail of Ihe procession is seen to sweep 
miles on miles to the eastward, while again, above the hoods 
of the giants forming this curve, is dimly seen through the 
haze a hint of beads instill more distant rear swinging back 
to the west, and falling, as it were, into the general line of 
march to the northward. All above, beyond, and about 
tho giant army looks so settled, calm aud silent, that one is, 
even at this distance, awed into all tuauner of weird day- 
dreams in regard to its motionless march. These mighiy 
peaks are impressive at any time, but when they pome up 
before us in procession, robed in their shrouds, they set us 
to thinking ponderous, solemn thoughts which wo don't 
more than half like. — Virginia, Nm., Knhiprise. 
■«■»■ 

— Australia is commencing to grow tho willow in large 
quantities, an active demand for osier twigs having arisen 
m England. Groat Britain imports every year as much as 
5,000 tons of willow, worth $200,000. Basford, in Not- 
tinghamshire, is the centra of the trade, and uo less than 
300 various kiuds of osier avo used. 



54 



^FOREST AND STREAM' 



§7/* Metwtl. 



FOX HOUND KENNELS. 



W 



E are glad to hear that llie rnemboi 
Hunl Club have sit las! Cle* 



of Hie To: 
lo build an 



kennel for their hounds. We Uiougut, after tha repeated 
urging in this Journal ajld also by our friend Col. Skinner. 
of the Turf 'd ■ i ■' Farm, that New York might Have 
i Fox Hunting Ohio, with a kennel 
that would have vied with tin.- very latest improve- 
ments, it present it seems an impossibility to find one 
hundred gentlemen willing to put down one hundred dol- 
lars apiece as a nucleus to form and slarl the New York 
Hunt Club. We have here at or.r very doors everything ill 
our favor for the promotion of a Fox Httptlng Club; men, 
horses, hounds and money. Where could there be found a 
hotter run than in many pans of Lout. Island? Gentlemen 
could start in the morning, have 9 good day's sport and be 
home in New York by six in the evening. The answer lo 
all ibis is simply: We are drivers and not riders. The 
Toronto Sporting 0«e««says-.— 

The now location tor the kennels <>r r.he Toronto Eunt Club, Is on 

[Boor street, a lilt:'- west of Bathartt -!,,-.:. ttlositustion being eminent); 

well suited to tin- purpose. Tbo nse of thalotis ,r5feet'bj2t!'6, (alioni 

lialf as larg, us ■ been On the plane is building nverj 

■ i jpscions kern ale foi the puck, 

:n nl the kennel* nd are such as lo 

Lend to improved health a _-t tbe dogs. t I re.for cooking the 

canine diet, n stable for one or two horses :.i..J D large rangy Bhed for the 

horfee of members of the CI ire being erected, the wljoleencloaedwith 

a close eight foot fence. The whole affair when completed will be a 
pleasant tryBtrag plac 
upon tlic architect, II 

One ot the has 
who -ays: — 

The lodging-roo 
ways have other n 

mush cool 
only buildings without rooi 
up as hiah as they conveniently can, i 
neatly. This plan has bee:. 
the ruof is properly plastered in the it 
and if built a reasonable heigh!; from 
of sheet-Iron at. the cornel - I 
The plaster should lie put only 
*pt. when broken, to harbor ticks 
Ftrlick, ^ the 

One of the 



tements arahkely to reflect credit 

a.., of thie oily. 

i, tin- kennel is ~S]v. Vyner, 



of a kennel, if built in a proper manner, should al 
i- ovel them, as they will then be much warmer in 
tept muoti cooler in summer. If the kennels are 
at rooms or lofts over then:, they should be carried 
nveniently can. and nor slated nortiled, but thatched 
■'. fault with us harboring vennin; but if 



tl f. walls pbisleicd are very 

icks should he all carefully 
it. :!',.! well pointed inside. 

nld lie occupied by the boiler 



, ;,. ever to be left 
hin hearing, for 

other. 



utirely alone, with- 
e single moment, 



sleeping apai mi - '-- 



[flhetoograg-ro 

well-ventll i .. p 

ciantiycooll 

nel, they had ranch betl 

ililishmcnls, under tne 

ground^ 

The young bounds kennel -hoitld be a 

lodging-rooms ..- the arrangement of the structure will allow; and at the 

, ,. the grassrcot rl she ml bean ha pital for racb poppies em 

msrhftdUtempei ' on rWeda to h remote from the otherlodging- 



3 far from Liiti other hounds' 



w:w-n: 



I in- lodging-house 

icy of rite i.r Iliiig- 
by two w- ndows. 



-. : bo b tl ■ ' pat i. may be drawn 

t,i n ,il out through another door into a 



second at 

wliich are 
divided in 
feeding •■ 
feedlngrio 

,,,.. be e 



fa) 



orange and white 

ich, on flist being 
in the yard, took 
ling staunchly the 



. of Mr. Morford\<s i: 

etter that was latel; 
n stud dog. 




p S.— As to the opinion that the Gordon setter o 



Irish blood, and which, 



substantiated by the fact that 



t Lord Gordon bred the Webst 



i them, and the; 



.aile 



f largi 



they - 



e laid with bricks 



stone, 
led quarries, and not common bricks. 
in mortar, winch will render the place 
noTorUy drier, but much sweeter; and if the whole of the building were 
composed of bricks instead of stone, I ha. <■ ng hesitation in saying that 
It would be le : .il.i-lvio «™« damp in any weather, fiy attending to 

these hints, even in case the architect had only some old oul but) i or 

barn to convert to the purpose, a good kennel may be built and properly 
arranged, provided the one great essential be obtained, and that is, a 
healthy situation. 

\ kfilmeJ mi* be complete In every other respect; it may. to all ap- 



u ii, i ■■ may 

Of all curses 
s, or shunldci 



pearuitce. be warm in ■ 

sort of convenience; b 

In fact it may have tin 

of foxhounds — kennel 

called; bat whether that is a proper name i 

one has ever satisfactorily defined it, nor giv 

grief be situated in the shoulders, or loins, i 

the disease was never clearly developed for i 



■alth 



■n pesltlve proof whether I In- 



MR THEO. MORFORD'S BREED OF OR- 
ANGE AND WHITE SETTERS. 



r-bred and < 



Editor Forest asij strbaji:— 

I was not aware when I sent, you the pedigree of tin 
ters, which you published in the Fi 
that this breed had been successi 
Tbco. Morford's eelebrs ad orange and white 
county, N. J. 

On looking over the psdigree.of his dogs, I dud that one of the most 
noted ot the Bilderaleeves was bred lo as equally a Hue bitch, which makes 



of the 



.-.,.;! a I 



ill.: i 



of the bitch Fly by 
Horace Smith of t'h 
Morf ord breed is ow 



..i 



rived (probably nose) therefro m. -Homo. 

JUDGINGON THE SHOW BENCH.— NO. 6. 



THE ENGLISH TKKTttEK. 



HEAD loug, sharp, and nnrro\ 
but whea natt-ral to be tine 
the face; eyes black or dark browr 
fine but muscular; shoulders well- 
body round; back moderately Ion 
bed- legs fine, but full of muscle 
but not long. 



Head 

Neck 

Shoulders.. 

Chest 

Loins 



; eats, when cut, erect, 
m texture and lie flat to 
, bright and sharp; neck 
set buck; chest deep; 
5; loins short, well rib- 
feet round; stern fine, 



. .10i Feet. . 

. in, Stem. 



THE BLACK AND TAN TERRIER. 

Head flat, long, and narrow; ears erect if cut, if natural, 
fine and pendent, free from tan; eyes small and black; jaw 
long; cheeks finely cut, no pendulous lip; neck tine, well 
tucked up under the throat; shoulders well set back; chest 
deep: body well barralled,; loins broad; back not too long; 
hind-quarters well proportioned; fore-legs straight; hind- 
legs not straight and stilty, but nice full stifles; stern tine, 
carried pretty level. If all in proportion, color is a great 
point in this breed— body or main color a nice rich glossy 
black, tan a rich mahogany. The dog should be pencilled 
with dark color on each toe, and the thumb-mark on each 
tore-leg. A tail spot above each eye; a small tan spot on 
each cheek; jaws beautifully tanned; no tan on outside of 
hips or hocks, and only just so much tan on the vent that 
liio stern when pulled 'down covers the fan. 

St 1 ..-;. ;.-..'. r/.r".:&S2tte:;; - &*» 

Color -»| 

THE HARRIER. 

The harrier's head is something of the stamp of the fox- 
hound's head, only a little lighter; rather a long neck, deep 
in shoulder; chest deep; fore-legs straight and muscular, 
willi the cat-like formation of foot; back straight, well 
ribbed up, with short flank, strong across the loin; stiff 
and well-bent stifles; stern carried well up. The usual 
colors are blended pies, black, tan, and white, and blue 
mottles". There are. several heights admissible, iron. 
eighteen inches up to the height of a fox-hound, judged by 
the best combination of the essential characteristics. 



Feet 

Shoulders . 

- Fuiti-ii-i':. Ga ■" 



5 Loin 

lOJaiwl-qusriers 

. IGiSlern 

..lfl|Gmh or depth of rib.. 



"JOSEPH'S" ANSWER TO "OBSERVER." 

St. Louts. Mo., August 10th, 1874. 



Editor Forest and Stream: — 

Thy friend "Joseph," by thy cour 
"Observer" and begs to remark that, it 
fully realize their task when propo-in: 
may come from' any country across 

erly handled dogs ml , I'm , ,, , , , 
testing their merits, Joseph doubts if 
inside bis skull whereawuv ro iac a 



ones, and Joseph himself, with his e 
his second to many, come from whet- 
fully, and from blue Dan in his dotag 
Wank body, they are a comely lor": 
sought last year to rnixthisii blood* 
arsenic interfered to prevent tbe ct 
rrom that extra feed, and small boys 
borhood. The matron of the broad 
into his hands by accident. He doe- 
are high-headed, "low stem, ed lads al 
them certain. 

Joseph regrets that correspondents 
door do notn to thi i scanl Krt 
wises to know how it is himself, and 
arc wise birds, a 
egy.and practic 
of thy friend am 



ompliments to 
kVestern friends 
with those t h at. 

ained and prop- 
o trainers while 
srnan has space 
5, friend 



of the West. We 

..-selves in any trial v. 



rill I, 



;imes fool thei 
isfnlty, scent c. 
t reader. 



ne breast and 

of them. He 
nail boys and 
: Gordon died 
st that ueigh- 
1 Jersey-fell 
;ree. but they 
line blood in 

us why quail 



e full of stra- 
is the opinion 

•.PH JONKS. 



Edit 



DOGS POINTING A TORTOISE. 

Kedpiei.u, Iowa, August sad. 1874. 



One day this week three of us were out. and a line young pointer, after 
trailing carefully Tor a hundred yards came to a boinfcOn a small tor- 
toise. During the day another dog pointed two more. Yesterday we 
were out again, and my dog struck a trail, which, from his actions, 1 
thought— and I believe the dog thought- to be that of an old cock grouse. 
The trail was followed carefully for at least sixty rod-, and for the last 
twenty rods with extreme caution, keepiqg to windn aid. crawling flat 
on his belly, with his nose just even with the top of the- bble and 
turned towards the trail to catch the tirst scent of the bird. At last he 
pointed, only for a moment, when, with a sniff of disgust are: - eepisB 
look at me, he bounded away and began hunting as usual In less than 
an hour the same thing was tepeated in another stubble. In both ca9es 
he had been trailing a land tortoise. o. H. H. 



Rational gnpimes. 

s ",' ttl ", l r, "'>•/:/''>;?"-<> 'V Atlihtb:, B(tsa-io«, (Mm u,i» othrr 

•n Moivlny 



—The Montreal club reached Hoboken August 31 and 
there engaged in a game of cricket with the St. Georire 
club of Ibis city. The attendance was unusually large for 
a cricket match in this vicinity, over a hundred people 
being present. The -Montreal eleven made a poor show 
at the bat, Hardman and Gordon alone scoring; double 
plays, and they were weak in bowling and missed chance 
after chance for catches. The score of the first innings 
play practically decided the match. 



Hu: 



Hardman 

ib. Hantaan, 
ott b. Hardma 



..tio 



Time of earn, 

In the see 

of for S3, Of 
8 and Camp 
scoring aver 
bowling. '1 
for Boston. 
—The Halifa: 



sal pi 



treal eleven were disposed 
.ele 14. Gordon, 9, Starke, 
ssey , each, the others not 
tn and Gibbes led in the 
i left town on September 1 

tourney has proved to be the most success- 
ful affair of the kind known in the annals of cricket on 
the American Continent. In every respect was it well 
managed, and l he arrangements and ilk general result re- 
flect the highest credit upon the .committee of manage* 
ment, while the originators of the tourney and the Mayor Of 
Halifax have great reason to be proud of the brilliant suc- 
cess attending the cricket fete. The event to us, has 
of course been the victories and honors obtained by our 
representative American team, who as a native American 
eleven of the criekelmg city of America, defeated not onlv 
an All Canada eleven, Out a very strong English repre- 
sentative eleven by scores decisive of the superior play of 
our young countrymen . They not only won the games they 



played but also the prize for the best cricket team at the 
tourney. Our reports of the contest failed to reach us in 
time for this issue. 

—Mr. Henry Chadwick, the well know cricket and base 
I, all writer, while in the act of passing Greenwich street 
on his way to Hoboken t :> report the cricket match, ac- 
cidentally slipped on a piece of banana peel and fell in 
front of a wheel of a passing cart. The edge " 
struck his head, stunning htm and emting 
from which the blood poured until he faint 
carried into Hull & Ruckel's drug store, A r < 
wich street, where he was carefully .mended, a 
dressed. 

—The Detroit Peninsulars polished off an eleven from 
Sarnia and Port Edward, Out,, on August 20th to the 
tune of 249 to 28, the amount of leather hunting Waced 
in by the Canadians being enormous. Culvert led the He- - 
troit score with 49, Heigho contributing 34, Bidgley 30 
and Grassthwaite, iiilwood and Peters over 2u each' only 
two of the elven failing to score double liguies. 



'f the wheel 

p gash 

was 

Greea- 

wottud 



tte 



in failing u 

-A cricket club has it 

footing, at Grand Rapids 

some Ihitty-iive ruenioers, 

is felt in the success of tli 



ely been slutted on a substantial 
jiichigai,. It numbers already 
and a great deal of local interest 
.' club. 



FOREST AND STREAM. 



55 



—The Chicago cricket club paid a visit to lite St. George 
club at St. Louis last week, and tried conclusions with 
II, cm on (heir own field, find though nominally defeated 
they in renlily aeheived :i victory, for when "time'' was 
called and stumps wire drawn (lie Chicago eleven had but 
two runs tO gel to win with eight wickets stiil to falL As 
it was, however, the contest had to be decided by the score 
of the fiust innings play, and then gave the game lo St. 
Louis, as will be seen by the appended score :— 



A Ra< 

,1 Mi 



Da 



g 1 1) Wright . 
..SOCtEiT 



it I) Boi 



lt I. 11, m 



1 1 I :,.':■ , 1 1 

. 4ib Howcii. 

. Ihnot out 



P. Daniels I. 
R. Jackson b 
G. F. Baker 
F. Weill) run 

P. C, Afordat 

A. C Bagsliiiweb Wright glcl.Bowen t) Wrigln 

.1. McLean pot out 4 h Bow en _. 

A Cruttwell h Bowen Ob Wright 

S. Houston :, Bower, l|bBowen .. 

Byi>6,'4; teg byes»S 6 Byes, 1; leg byeB,S 

Total 5)1 Total 

i in, .'.,;„ 



pnbetcWebb bMordaunt . Bctandb Aloranuni ,. 

Deardcn b Webb 1 

Parker b Webb 1) Webb 6 

Wright ran nut 3 not oot 5 

Harlow b Webb t|b Webb 19 

Adtevc Webb h Alordaunt t 

MoGilJ b Webb .... - . 

3. A. lionenl, Webb << 

Street not out 13 1 

Ramsey b Alordaunt,. . , 

Ira P. "Bo» eu b Alorduunt 

Ley byes. 2; widen, 3 S Byes, 3; leg by. 8, 2 S 

Total 45, Total.. 41 

Firxl Imdng— How thi Wickets Fell. 

1st 3d 3d fth 5th Mb. "th 8fh 9th inth 

St. George 211 21 2g 33 42 41 44 44 49 51 

Chicago.' 7 7 13 13 IS Is 23 42 43 45 

Second Inning. 

sr., Gteoree 1 8 10 as 37 37 38 33 33 3ft 

''lii' 90 14 37 41 



Chicago— Wright 

,T. A. Boweu. , 

St. George— Webb 

•' " Mordamn . 
Wright... . 



Balls. Runs. Maidens. Wicket*. Wiitee. 



the game the Chicago club was entertained at 
i, by"the St. George's club, by a grand compliment- 
ary banquet, furnished in the best .style of that hou 
The banquet occupied the attention of those present, ab( 



After the 
Southern, b 

house, 
about 
_ ,_ty iti number, fully an hour, at the end of which time 
Mr.Ben. Williams was chosen chairman, and speeches, 
songs and toasts followed. 

—As the American players are now on their return home 
U grand reception is being talked of as among the events of 
the coming month. The two clubs will have quite an ova- 
lion in Philadelphia, as also in Boston, in both of which 
cities •• reception games " will be played immediately upon 
their arrival. But nothing has as yet been arranged for 
giving the two clubs the greeting they deserve at the hands 
of a metropolitan assemblage, and a tourney is now in pro- 
gress of arrangement calculated to fill up the gap in ques- 
tion. 

The programme is that, after the games in Philadelphia 
and Bosioii, that the Boston and Athletic clubs come to 
New York, and first playing a reception championship 
match together on one day, that on the two following days 
they plav championship matches with the New York nine 
of the Mutual Club, Stilly 10,000 people would crowd on 
the Union Grounds to see the "Reds" and the "Blues" 
plav together, and to give them the welcome they so fully 
deserve at the hands of the whole base ball fraternity. 

—The Liverpool Courier^ of August 18, says:— •' This 
popular American game, lately introduced into this coun- 
try by the. Boston and Philadelphia players, is likely to 
become as popular here as in America. On Saturday a 
base ball match was played on the ground of the Everton 
Cricket Club, sides being chosen by the president (Mr. S. 
Campbell) and an honorary member. After a very exciting 
game, the presidents side won by three." 

The fewest games played in any month of the profes- 
sional season marked August's record, as will be seen be- 
low: — 

August -1— Mutual vs. Chicago, at Chicago B tp 3 

August 5- Chicago vs. Mutual, at Chicago. .. u to 3 

" «- — -■ . .„'«.»,„ 3 to a 

"Hartford fi to 3 



—The visit of UlB CheLea club of Boston to Brooklyn, 
introduced to our metropolitan audiences a very gentle- 
manly club of ball tossers from the Hub, who, by their 
creditable, deportment and skilful play made a most favor- 
able impression. The scores of the three games they played 

1 2 3 t 5 li 7 S (I 

(our ord 8 3 3-10 

Chelsea 3 U 6 9 1— 1» 

First base hv errors— Concord. 3: ch.-I-, ■;!; ", Rhus earned— Concord 
5; Chelsea, 0." Total widen pilched-l!-, Wilson, 5,; by Engtitl. )9. 
Umpire— Mr, Higliam ol the Mutual Club. Time of gun.' i ' 

Chelsea., ., 3 4 4 I) 3 13 

Arlington 1 I o 1 n 3—5 

Umpire— .Mr. Ferguson of the Athletics, 

Fir.-t '.a-e bveirors-Cheli-oa, 7; Arlington,;! Runs earned— Chelsea 
i;. Arlington, 0. Widets pitched- iiy Lagan, 17: by Titus, 14. 
Tune of game, 1S5. 

Chelsea (I?, t.) 3 |i 1 It 3 4-10 

Chelsea, ( Moss.) 4 3 0— 6 

First base by errors— Chelsea iN. T.i. 7: Chelsea I Mass.), 3, Runs 

4— Ob.i o« 0; Cheli (Ma««,),0 Total wldes pitched— By 

Rule. 14: by Bagan, K 
Umpire— Ml -1 i!r„n o| -ne ton ord flub. 
Time or game, 1:50. 

—The Concords defeated the Nameless nine at Prospect 
Park on August 29, in the presence of some two or three 
thousand deeply interested speetatois. The score stood at 
16 to 7 at the close of the eighlb innings, when the game 
was called on account of approaching darkness. 

—At Elmira, on the 30th. a line gams W83 played between 
the Actives, of Elmira, and the Ori " . >i BinghamtOn. 
Won by the Actives. Score, t(l lo 5. [. White, of the 
Boston Tied Stockings, played with the Actives. Duration 
of game two hours. 

—At the tournament at Irvington last week, the Star 
nine of Newark, defeated the Madison nine by 2(1 to 12; 
the Amitys of Brooklyn by'J-ltolT; the Reliance of Brook- 
lyn by 28 to 14 and the Channel of Patersou by 23 to 10. 

—On August 9, the Baltimore* were " Chicagoed " by 
the White Stockings in Chicago by a score of 4 to 0. They 
had previously been defealed by 4 to 3 and (i to 2, all three 
being closely contested and well played games, 

—The Fly Awavs are flying away with trophies in the 
western part of the State. Their latest triumphs included 
a "Chicago" for the Oswego Nationals by 30 to 

—The young Ply Awnys defeated the Excelsiors at 
Greenpoint August 28, by the small score of 6 to in a 
full game. 

—The Stateh Island club started on their Western and 
Canada tour, on August 29, They play 14 games while 
away, and return On September 16. 

—The Pacific and Modoc clubs, of Philadelphia, played 
a fine game together August 27, the Pacific's winning by 7 
to 6. 

— The Ply Aways defeated the Nassaus, of Brooklyn, in 
the Oneda Tournament, August. 31, by IS to 8. 



Chicago. : 

s. Philadelphia, 
ta vs. Hartford, 
la vs. Hartford, i 



; llai'UY,, 



(13 inhtngs) . . 



. Allan! 



t Biookli 



iUdelpii'.a 



August n -I'll 
August li- Ph 
August 15— Ft 
August 17— PI: 
Angtu* 24-Ch 
August 135 — Mi 

v 1 '"'- -" ; .;' 

August 2b— C h 

'"::;": ":■; >;:q/--. n;il»x: .r;;;;;,:.;_„ - 

But for four muff er matches the average would have been 
the best on record. In the majority of games the score of 
the winning nine did not exceed six runs. 

—The games for the whip pennant show the clubs occu- 
pying the following positions up to September 1 :— 
Olub. 



Bostoi 
Mutuals..,. 

Athlelie 

Chicago.... 
Philadelphia. 

Hartford 

Atlantic 



30 
25 



17 



36 
•12 
34 
34 
39 
30 
34 



—The programme for the Hartford professionals from 
September, includes the following games :— Sept. 1 and 3, 
with the SlUlUals, of New York; Sept. 10 and 12, with the 
White Stockings, of Chicago, 111.; Sept. 14 and 15, with 
the Athletics, of Philadelphia; Sept. 17 and 18, with the 
White Stockings, of Chicago, 111. All of the above games 
will be played in Hartford. 

—The Atlautics, after being badly whipped in Philadel- 
phia by a score of 23 to 1 on August 20, and losing a game 
at Easton by a score of 10 to 8 the day following, gave the 
Mutuals a very close game on August 29, the score being 4 
to 3 only, the Atlanties scoring their 3 in the eighth innings. 
The Mutuals now stand second to the Athletics in won 
games. 



The Weather. — The weather, during this summer sea- 
son, has been all that could be desired, in any summer 
latitude, and we doubt if we cannot challenge comparison 
with any Southern port in the Uniied States. During the 
month of June, which is our hottest month in this latitude, 
we have always the hottest and most oppressive weather. 
We had about ten days of such weather, in which the ther- 
mometer ranged, in the shade, from 82 to 87 d-grees. The 
month of July was cool, almost chilly— the thermometer 
never ranging" above 75 or 80 degrees at midday. During 
the present month, Aug. ist, up to our date, i he most fas- 
tidious grumbler could not complain. The weather has 
been all that could be desired. Cool breezes during the 
night from the West and Southwest, and, during the day, 
from the East and Southeast, at an average temperature of 
80 degrees, at midday. The highest range of the ther- 
mometer, as indicated in three separate places in the city, 
has been 92 at midday— some persons preferring to push 
out their thermometers into the glare of the sun and to run 
them up to 96 degrees, for notoriety. During the entire 
summer, we have slept without apavillion, and all we lounil 
necessary was a palmetto fan to keep off an occasional 
mosquito during the riI£luV-*4ft Augustine (F:«.) Pn-xx. 



$cw publications. 



/■"t.ik«t 

/In- ,v«, 
books 



expect Prices of boot 



"/ /irhinplliliidrisino 
10*8 ///»'..,/,,; ipjuai 



The Popular Science- Mont/dy for September. N. 
Appleton &Co. The opening paper will be found valuable t 
are interested in the wonderful natural history of the tint 


Y: D. 

o all who 


Darwinian system, the learned Professor. Di (Juatni fagi - speak*, BtSI ttt 

man as contemplated in his specie-, and „■ -eueral ajnaideWtibua as 

to points first inherited by the earliest known man. the noinadiac, and 
t lie Indians . Passing onward is a vers interesting statement of maft OS 
an intelligent and an intellectual being, capable of doing wonderful 
works, he introduces to us the study of the great ana general questions 
relative to the history and origin of man. 


Cakaisieb.— Those of our readers who wish to procure these 
pets, are referred to the announcement, of a large iuiportati 


beautiful 

in by Mr. 



ir prompt-paying c 



—A Des Moines paper refers in the following Haltering 
terms to Bond's sectional boat: — 

Mr. E. • I. lugorsoll, President of the Hawkeye Insurance Co.. has re- 
cently received from St. Louis, one of Bond's improved section boats. It 
is made of iron, is III feet in length wil.h:3li inch beam aud weighs but 90 
pounds. In an instant in an bo taken apart, when il forms two Small 
i,nt senriccabk boats. Altogether it is the daintiest model of a bout 
Bverl.8 ■bid : 1" ttoi waters, and if report be. true, it is the best. 

These boats are buiii 1>) W. E. Bond, Cleveland, Ohio- 
prices lately reduced. 



—The ooeis speak soothingly of childhood's tear.-, and 
Women's tears, but why do they not speak in like tnamioi 
about farmers' steers? 



JlnswcvH %o (gancspottitentf. 



govei •""ij ruft 
attention. An 



I c, 



libit 



r .\olired. 



F. G., Wall street, N. Y. -Refer you to number 11, vol. 1 of F,.iu:,t 
AXD Stream. 

J. II. T. E. B.. Chllieuango, N Y —We cannot furnish colored plates 
rtfch as you wish. 

Be AV£ii, Bald Mountain. -Can send you both books. Report of N 
R A , 26 cents. Lake Superior Guide, $1. 

J.A.S., Syracuse "■'-'<"■ - il ■■ il v ei a circular giving full infor- 
mation. Write us about it in about three weeks 

Cranston, H. I —Lieut. George. MKart's writings were purely scientilic. 
Mr. Blackford, of Fulton Market, would probably buy frogs. Write to 
him. 

K. 8. P.. Coming, !?, Y.- Which i.-uii will do the moat accurate scoot- 
ing. ,he best breech loader, or the. best mnsv.le louder? Ans, The breech 
loader. 

W. R,, Greene Bay, Wis.— 1st, Con furnish all back numbers, ad. E 
U. Blackford and Htddleton & Carman, all of Fulton Market; perfectly 
reliable, 

Croaker. Boston,— When fl very large frog is canghf, both bind ami 
fore-nunrters can be used. The spine, in dressinst, connects the fore and 
hind leg*. 

L. A. YV.. Winchester, Va. -Price of Fowler's Hard Ttnbber Peel i s 
S3.M to $1 so, jicr.ording lo size. Jtods from $3.. W upwards, according 
to quality. Can get a good one for gl5.n0. 

A.O. AI., New York.— Where is one of the best places for deer shoot- 
In the "United States? Ans. Ridzwny, Elk county, Penn. Write to O 
R. Grant, at the above address! fare about J7.50. 

Ophir.-Is there, any black bass fishing in the vlcinily of AVliilo Plains 
N. Y.? Vns. Timet know of any. If yon continue up the Harlem rail- 
road to Salisbury. Conn., you will find good bass fishing at Twin Lakes. 

Fleas, - A correspondent. A. H. Fowler, Esq.. advises the use of com- 
mon field plaster to eslirpate fleas, to be need freely on the prcnuseJ -■ ■ i 
on the auimals infested with tbein. Tl never rails to clear oni a hog 
or a dog kennel. 

.!. R. P... Philadelphia.— Ona-fifrn of the weight of the ball in powder 
is a fair rule; your ball weighs aotl grains. Pay to grains Hazard's pow- 
der, F. C. Kv. ritle, would answer your purpose. Covering the ball with 
powder is like giving a llnid measure by the mouthful. 

s.nr.ociv \Yilso\-ii. Fort Wayne, tnd.- ft friend broneht a enn from 
Furope a few dayp a-.'O for his o\\ n use. On bis arrival in New York the 
Custom House officer made him nay duty. Had he a right, to do sn? 
Avs, Yes: the law compel? him to take duty or to be dischcii- i 
must have been in use oile year to pass Tree. 

I,. P.. c., Erie Ttnilrond.— Ts the SpTOtlf hooka gjood bass book; in 
whatTCPpecl does ft differ from others, ana where can it bo obtained? 
Ans. They are considered a very superior hook for bass. Thee rnr be 
had of A. clerk .<■ Co. Ir would take ton much space to describe the 

,-]]-;( jnce between the Sprnai. Kirbv, Limerick and others. We send 

sample that you may see for vonrself. 

s:. M t„. Cnrrertsville. Ohio. — Hecarhouized steel is simnly hard steel 
with * certain portion of its temper drawn. Hard steel itself would he 
too brittle for use. The steel is heated and temper diminished. Aletbod 
needisknowntos.il workers in iron. Could not give yotl any Special 
mle ro work by. Its toughness, and the facijity with which it can be 
,a orfeed renders it most available for unn bands. 

Src-iiiic.Fn Philadelphia.- Third class target, for '100 yard shoot.inc— 
height <1 rest: breadth, 4 feet: bnllseyeS inches sqnare: centre. 2 feet 
be 2 feet Second-class target, up to son yqrds — u feet square; bnllseye 
s'feer square: centre. 4 feet square. First class tarpet, for LOCO yards- 
6 feet high bv 12 feet broad: bnllseye 3 feet square: centre. R feet square. 
Send for No. 10. vol, 1 for full details, with cuts. 

( , K ,ai, Somervillc — 1st Starting from Ottawa about the last of 
September, what feathered game would we be likely to find? Am, 
Ruffed grouse, spruce partridsre, a few English snipe. 2d. Is there auy 
better region for gunning in Canada as easy to get to from Boston? Ans. 
think you have chosen one of the best locstions. 3d. Would there ' 
mi- better time? Ans. The time yon mention (the last of Septem 



) whether there 



Buck Bass Philadelphia,— Will yon tell i 
black bass in the Delaware River, and if so where is the nearest locality 
to Philadelphia, and what are the best baits? Ans. Ton will probably 
not find any fish below the Delaware Water Gap, as the character of the 
river is not favorable— too slugitisb. not broken .by rapids. Eastou is a 
good point. The black bass ixntnmnirlrx) has been an inhabitant of the 
Delaware Bncr for many years, but additional fish were put in three 
years ago. 

Mrz/.i.t: LoAtiElt.-Never over-load your gun until it kicks. Use a 
, b-ati weapon anil a tight-fitting wad. Shot should be used in propor- 
:j ,,, ,-, t h,. | „..,,. ,!„,. ..M-igh-. Mid bore of the gun. An equal bulk of pow- 

i, ,;,,.■-.',,■-. _.. ■ ■,- »d by. Do not mix large and small sho! 

together the •■ ■ ones rase the !m« is to scatter when discharged. 

l-„i. a thin lilting liv'- .-.■ufd lire cap When ducking and shooting 
from a boal a loading rod maybe found useful. Two wads on the 
powder will often make a gun shoot stronger. 

Pisc-ATou -An obliging correspondent has sent ns the aolntion of 
your cpie-tion lie says: "Tn relation to the fishing gronnd off Fire 
Island, II i- ; about thirtvto thirty-font miles off shore, and about four to 
.,,. hpI,.. |, ,,,;.. having trom twelve to sizleeB fathoms on the bank: the 
bottom is hard gravel, with small stones. There are plenty of cod, and 
t have known a fe« lialiintt to he taken. The gronnd is known to many 
ten "i ' Sshrrmcn. I have no doubt that in the spring 

Mm be takon there Itis the pathof the Enropen packets. 
and land Is ju.-t in sight fi„ni the ground. The course is 3. by W. from 
Fir- Inland, and it ts found by the lead." 

New Yorker. -1 am intending to visit Florida this winter, say from 
November till June, and think of Palatka as headquarters. Will you 
give mu information or game and fish in vicinity, and proper bait, &c. 
for the fish: also if you think it a good location as regards game, &c. I 
do not wi.-b i., rough it too much, as I shall have my family with me? 

\,.- i' :■■ '■• :.,. .■ .•■!! nt place Tor familv : two good hotels and good 
.„,;... Enteroriselsabetterlocftlit! rofgami with an excellent hotel 



J. W . Philadelphia.- 1 have a lll-borc, 3C0lt, and intend going West 
,, ,,,,i , i.ml like to know the. proper ioad for the different 

i, .,, ol same, mii n as ddok, pratrie chicken, partridge, woodcock, and 

-n pelElLlllsill. ui ■, ofpowd-r „„1 spot -■- brands-. Do not tnrcl 

prom sportsmaanse Soer powdi - ■ i - I ■ tingthan forbhndor 

!■. ho ■ i' • ■•' reason 1 believe it ignites quiclc-r': \t hich gives 

themosl recoil, tine oi coarse powder! Our sportsmen use Brown 
eliofl*. and ire i.bey not, considered as good for loading once as the bine, 
eicept toi pigeon ehootinKf Ans. A 10-bore will chamber about five 
liucksiioC put in about four layers and four drachms of powder. Pin- 
nated ■ rouse. ?.l drachms powder and It oz. So. 8 shot, Ruffed grouse 
n .,, ,,i • , :; drachms powder and ijoz. No 8 shot. Woodcock and 
,,,,, i mi- powder and \\ oz. No. 6 shot. Powder. No. t failin 
,v Rand's. Some years ago five grain powder was generally used; cbe 
coarse grain gives ' el te, penetration and less recoil. Either the brown 
nrnlnt Bhells can be loaded again, provided they are intact and not in- 
jured anywhere. 



56 



FOREST AND STREAM. 




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A discount of twenty por cent, for five copies and upwards. Any poraon 
iemlins us two subscriptions mid Ten Dollars will receive a copy of 
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Advertising Haiea. 

In regular advertising columns, nonpareil type. 12 Hues to the Inch, 2E 
cents per line. Advertisement* on on fld< page, 40 cents per line. Reading 
notices, 50 cents per line. Advert l-viiieut-. in dmilile column 25 percent. 
„-.„! Where advertisements are inserted over 1 month, a discount of 
10 per cent, will he mode; over three months. 20 per cent', over sis 
months, SO per cent. 



NEW YORK, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 3, 1874. 



To Correspondents. 

All communications whatever, whether relating to business or literary 
Wtfasnondenoa, must be addressed io TBS Forest and Stream Pub- 
ubhiNg Cowabt. Personal or private letters of course excepted. 

All communications intended for publication must be accompanied wilh 
,-eai name, as a guaranty of good faith. Names will not be published if 
Objection be made. No anonymous contributions will be regarded. 

Articles relatiug to any topic within the scope of this paper are solicited. 

We cannot promise to return rejected manuscripts. 

Suere'.iries of Clubs and Associations are urged to favor us with Brief 
note- Cf their movements and transactions, as it is the aim Of this paper 
to boeome a medium of useful and reliable information between gentle- 
men sportsmen from one cud of the country to the other : and they will 
ilud our columns a desirable medium for advertising announcements. 

The Publishers of Forest *se Stream aim to merit and secure the 
patronage and countenance of that portion of the. community whose co- 
nned intelligence enables them to properly appreciate and enjoy all that 
l5 beautiful in Nature. It will pander to no depraved tastes, nor pervert 
the legitimate sports of land and water to those base uses which always 
tand to make them unpopular with the virtuous and good. No advertise- 
ment or business notice of arf Immoral character will be received on any 
terms : and nothing will be admitted to any department of the paper that 
may not be read with propriety in the home circle. 

We cannot be responsible for the dereliction of the mall service, if 
money remitted to us is lost. 

Advertisements should be sent in by Saturday of each week, if possible. 
«:HAItl.ES I1AULOCK, Managing Editor. 

WILLIAM C. HARRIS, Business Manager. 



CALENDAR OF EVENTS FORTHE CUR- 
RENT WEEK. 



Fr-tow IKmemhec ttli Begitta of the Notional Association of Ama- 
teur Oarsman! Laureate course. TrOy, N. Y.-Trottlng meetings at Sy a- 
enae, ». T„ Providence, R. I , Boston, Mass., Knoxvllle, Syracuse, and 
Macomb, III., and Micl.llebiiiy, Vl. 

SATDicDAT.ScpiemherSth, -Yacht race, New Rochelle hart., ,.-. N. V. 
-Practice day bo it clubs, Harlem. N. Y, -Tootling meeliug Prospect 
Park. Brooklyn, N.Y., and Macomb, 01 

Moximt. September ;th. -Trolling meetings at Aurora, 111., Daw.u- 
part, Ioivn, and St. Joseph, Mo. 

TufstiAY September Sill.— Trotting meeting,-, at Eau Claire, Wis., 
Wolcuttville. Conn., Kingston and Clyde. N. V., Reading, Pa.. Boston, 
Ma'S . St.. Paul, Minn., and Davenport, Iowa.-Running meeting, Buff- 
alo. N\ Y. 

WEi.SEsr.AV. September Oth.-Seneca Lake regatta. w atktiis, N. 1 — 
Convention of Sportsmen, Niagara Falls, N. Y -Match day, encket 
clubs, Boboken, N. J.-Trotiing meetings at Prospect Pari;. N. Y., Au- 
rora 111 D.venport, low... St. Joseph, Mo., Vt olcmtvllle, Conn. King- 
ton and Clyde. N. Y.. Readina. Pa., Boston, Mass., ana St. Paul, Minn. 
— Running meeting Bullalo. N. Y. 

Tuorsday. September 10th.— Seneca Lake regatta. Watkius, N. Y._ 
Conventli.il of S, ortsmen, Niagara Fads, N. Y. -Trotting meetings, at 
Wol -olivine, Conn.. Kingsion and Clyde, N. T„ Reading, Pa., Boston, 
Mass., St. Paul, Minn,, Etna, N. Y.— Running meetings at Prosptct 
PMfc, Brooklyn, and Buffalo. N. Y. 



We take great pleasure ir announcing that the veteran 
field sportsman, Horace Smith, Esq., so well known to 
moat, of our friend's wild love Hue dog ami the gun, will take 
charge of our Phila delphia office and inter ests. 

The Intern" vtio.nai. Regatta at Sapatooa.— This 
Important event was concluded on August 31st., and for 
full details we refer the reader to our boating columns. 
The four-oared scull race was made specially interesting 
from th6 fact that the South was represented by two crews, 
one from Charleston, the other from Savannah. The 
Whole regatta was a most extraordinary success, reflecting 
great credit on the Saratoga Bowing Association, and on 
Mr. Coakling, tho President. Commodore Brady's (-Hurts 
and untiri ■" n tfgy iwe also not to bci'orgotten. In giving 
James O'NeU's lime in the extra single sculls as wonder- 
fully fast, it must be taken into consideration that rowing 
Lo dead water may give oertain advantages. A straight 
away race may be the best tor making excellent time, but 
turning races are far more interesting than those on a 
utraightaway course, as tlvey allow I He spectators to see 
tho start and the tiuisl: 



COD FISHING— FROM FULTON MARKET 
TO NANTUCKET SHOALS. 



IT was not exactly a ease of mental use up; but those 
peculiar drawers in the brain, in which are stored 
away for ready reference certain facts and fancies, which 
drawers ought to have sprung out of the intellectual cabi- 
net, when only a finger was put on the handles, refused to 
work, and grated on their slides. Even when they were 
wrenched open, after no end of strain, absolutely nothing- 
was found iu the receptacles. The mental digging for 
FOREST \nd Stream, though not in stony or sandy soil, 
had, perhaps, from over delving, dulled I he spade edge, 
and the back ached and the arms were tired. In fact, a 
holiday— a perfect relaxation from all work— was a neces- 
sity, The question was, How or where should we take our 
two, weeks' faring? Nothing is more enjoyable than abso- 
lute Contrast From a purely literary and sedentary life, 
a physical and active existence was what we were yearn- 
ing for. We wanted to sail in somewhere in our shirt 
sleeves, wear old clothes, go unshaven, and, enjoying God's 
pure air, suck in untainted breezes, and wash off the ink 
stains from our fingers and brain. 

"The very best thing you can do," said Mr. Blackford, 
of Fulton Market, "is to take a trip in our smack, the Wal- 
lace Blackford, Captain Michael Keduiond, and go to Nan- 
tucket Shoals and back, and catch cod for market. .The 
smack lies at Greenport, andwill sail to-morrow. You can 
lake a aound Steamer, or the railroad, and catch her." 

The proposition was hailed wilh delight, the offer In- 
stantly accepted, and next day we were at Greenport, Long 
Island, and on board the smack were duly enrolled as an 
amateur cod fisherman. 

Now there arc smacks and smacks— some antique and 
dilapidated, others fresh and pretty. The gayest, sauciest, 
trimmest of them all is the Blackford. Of some forty-six 
tons measurement, with a neatly fitted cabin, she is as 
handsome in model as a yacht, and carries two rakish 
masts, with topmasts, and is altogether the pride of the 
market Soon we bowled out along the Sound, caught, a 
fog off Piitte.JuiU (Point Judilh), made New Bedford next 
day, where we shipped some fifteen tons of ice, and then 
off again, sighting Gay's Head. Next day an eight knot 
breeze took us to Nantucket. Here we tarried a day, tak- 
ing some forty bushels of sea clams for bait, aud adding to 
our number a Nantucket fisherman; then off wo started 
with a rattling breeze for Nantucket Shoals. 

Now look at your maps, and off to the eastward of the 
island of Nantucket you will see Sankaty light. On your 
charts, about 69° 30" by 41° 00 you will find all kinds of 
shoals and rips. Look a little further, and you will dis- 
cover that the currents are indicated as running in all di- 
rections. It is a locality dreaded by the coasters. Some- 
times drifted iu by a fog, some loggy drogher stumbles in 
here, and the skipper, seeing the malicious lines of sharp 
surges that race across the seas, as the tides tear over the 
shoals, gets bewildered, and scuttles out again, if he can, 
into smoother water, louse a sailor's expression, "as last 
as a scalded hog." Just here, some twenty-five to forty 
miles east of Sankaty light, are the cod fishing grounds. 
There is Deep Rip aud the Cod Bank aud the Rose and 
Crown, and lots of other shoals. 

Cod are fished for and brought to the New York market 
all the year round. The harvest never ceases. From De- 
cember to May our fishermen find cod off the shores of 
Sandy Hook as far as Cape May, Ihen from June to Sep- 
tember they are caught, off Nantucket; in October and 
November they take cod off Bass' Rip and Old Man's 
Shoals, nearer to Nantucket. The gadeaus seem to love 
cold water. In summer they seek deeper water; in win- 
ter shallower beds. Off on Nantucket shoals il it always 
deep sea fishing, from twenty fathoms to sometimes almost 
forty fathoms. Off Sandy Hook cod are caught by trawl 
ing in shallow water. Trawls are long lines anchored and 
buoyed wilh shorter lines ffansed to them, sometimes as 
many as 500 hooks being on a trawl. Trawling is done in 
boat's, the smack picking up the men. It does not matter 
much whether you catch your fish by trawling or by deep 
sea fishing, the work is hard either way. 

Our captain, sailing over lips and surges, instinctively 
flnds a good place for fish. The lines areas much as forty- 
flve fathoms long, each provided with a sinker of some 
two and n half pounds, lo which are attached by a snood 
or gunsc two No. 12 hooks. The vessel is so inanceuvred 
as to be carried broadside by the tide. The wind, if it 
blows favorably, holds her back so as to retard her move- 
ment. Alongside of each man is » basket of clams. The 
first mystery of cod fishing, the rudimentary part, is to be 
an expert, cfam opener. You take a round bladed knife, 
gash through the clam, and with a peculiar scrape, at one 
motion drop the meat on the deck and sling the shells over- 
board. During the time it takes your sinker to plumb the 
depths you ought to be able to open some half dozen clams, 
for if the fish are iu the humor of biting yon will want 
every one of them. Over, then, went our line, thrown 
clear of the rail, and we waited. We felt the lead touch 
bottom, when there came a tug. We jerked aud drew on 
the line. There was a wriggle some ISO feet below, -and 
hand Over hand we went for that fish. Our excitement 
was inteu?e. We pulled something to the surface— a hot- 
rid creature, which gaped at us over the rail. The crew 
laugh, and cry "a purp, a purp!" The bruie feels ice cold 
as wc disengage him from the hook. Our captain tells us 
to beware of two claw-like appendages which protrude 
from tile dorsal fins of this ugly fish, which might hurt us 



if be struck us. We have caught a dog fish. We tear the 
hook from his grizzly nose, toss him overboard, rebait our 
hooks, and over goes the lino a second lime. While our 
slnkr-r goes dow*u wo lank around. Some half dozen fish 
are already flopping on the deck, and every man. Jack of 

COOk and all, have their lines laul, ami 

in full tension are singing merrily over the tlr-.arls. 
Now comes on our line a more lusiy, honest pull. Wo- 
yank away, (the captain's expression) and haul and tug. 
Nou this pulling on a stiff cord, not more ihan Hie sixth 
of an inch iu diameter, calls into play peculiar muscles 

you have never exactly exercised before. Give - 

inch rope, and tug en that, and the hand, arm, and usual 
muscles are exerted, bill gripping 80 small n luilig as u MsU- 
ing line With the ends of the lingers is unite a different 
kind of business. If you had been a violin player, using 
your left hand on Iht: strings, perhaps your digits miglfl 
have been strengthened. Your three fingers on each hand, 
it is true, are protected by India rubber finger stalls. Eailel 
cots (Query — whether the expression coUotting mything 
is not a fisherman's expression?), but still the line cuts 
You pull away, all nervous aud excited, and land on deck, 
with a flutter, your first cod. Confound it, he has gorged 
the hook! Fur a twenty pound fish to gorge his hook is ,t 
shameful proceeding. You pull at that hook, but it won't 
come. The captain shows you how to extirpate it. Yon cut 
a slit below the fish's jaw, slip your lingers. through tho 
wound down the gullet, turn the hook backwards, paBS ihe 
ti >p of 'he line through the cut, and out slips the line. 

Just in the middle of the craft a temporary bin has been 
erected, and now, as the flsh are caught, they are slung 
into this receptacle, aud fish arc fast being heaped up there, 
No sooner is our line down than we feel a bite and jerk, 
and up she comes. It is a second drtg flsh, and wo arc 
forthwith flubbed with the honorable title of "Champion 
dog fisherman/ 1 Captain Redmond explains !o us that we 
are fishing too near the bottom, Wc catch alter that cod 
after cod. Now suppose you took a fish line with forty 
pounds attached to it, and let it go of its own weight off a 
spire 200 feet high, and then hauled it up us fast as you could 
some twenty times, and you would commence lo think it, 
was a heavy job, Our fingers were exactly of that opinion. 
We buckle, however, down to the work, and slick to it, 
when nolens Wteni we have to give it up from sheer exhaus- 
tion. The fish are coming up all around. Jack, Tom, 
Silo, George, a gentleman from Syracuse, aud the captain 
are working away on codfish, but our own fingers, cut to 
the bone, are too sore for work, The fishing continues 
until flood tide sets in, and the drift of the vessel becomes 
too rapid. By this time the bin is overflowing with cod 
and haddock. The fishermen call the latter Dickey. Now 
thete is a fine old Catholic legend telling how St. Peter, 
•when he look the tribute money from the fish, marked the 
haddock with two spots back of the shoulders. Devil-may- 
care Jack has a different yarn. "You see, sir," said Jack, 
"old Nick went a fishing and caught a haddock. 'Belay 
now, Dickey,' said old Fire and Brimstone, 'I've got you 
good.' 'Divil a bit of it,' said the fish, as Belzebub clapped 
his claws on him, for you see a haddock is slimy, and he 
slipped through his crooked fingers. T'U mark you, 
though, Dickey,' said old Satan, and for sure he did. Just 
where he touched Dickey he burnt his back uilh his red 
hot fingers." 

Wc had caught some fine pollacks— the salmou of the 
sea — and they really bear quite a resemblance hi shape lo 
the salmonidaj. Some strange fish had also been dragged 
up. Huge sea toads aud skates, and a ling of a pale yel- 
low color, and an ugly brute of a sea catfish. This fish 
was the very personification Of anger and spite. Showing 
his Sharp fangs, fully an inch long, he bit and snapped like 
a WOlf, A poor, inoffensive cod near Him he pounced on, 
and shook and worried ai would have done mi animal. 

We had caught some 350 cod fish on ttie tide. The very 
smallest would Weigh two pounds, the largest forty oounds. 
Now all hands drew iu their gear and commenced to dress 
the fish. For market purposes the very small fish are left 
wilh their heads on, but these were few. The greater pro- 
portion of the fish had to have their heads cut off. and all 
had to be disemboweled. Three men decapitate and clean 
rapidly, while two of tho hands wash ardscrui 
This lask finished, the fish go below to be iced. One of 
the ice house? is emptied, the ice is broken up, and layers 
of fish and ice are stored .-.nugly away. Next the decks are 
tidied, innumerable buckets of water and brooms ate 
brought into play, until not a bit of blood or slime, or a 
scale is seen on deck, and. so cods our first, day's flsh. We 
IttUSt catch some 3.200 fish before we. will be ready to trim 
sails for Fulton Market, and 2,200 fish means— for tho cap- 
tain has said the ■ ig very large— fully eight 
tons of .fish to be hauled up over Hie smack's side from a 
depth of water pot , 

(To he ,' , ,,- 1,-ext.) 



Mr.yi.DU is of our National Ritle Association are warm In 

the acknowledgement of the many courtesies afforded them 

by the Quebec Rifle Association. Not only was; there 

i fair play about the whole proceedings, but 

■ and men of the Provincial Rifle Clubs, seemed 

lo vie with one another, in their endeavors to show every 

ltd out represeuiives. We assure our Canadian 

friends how fully we appreciate these favors, and we trust 

, . . ■ lu- fall meetiug, to extetid 

to them the same hearty welcome. 



— Those who wish to bind tho second volume of Forest 
and Stream, will find a title page with tho present issue, 



FOREST AND STREAM, 



57 



THE YOUNG SHAD FOR GERMANY. 



IN our issue of August Otli, wo announced the departure 
of Fred Mather, Esq., our distinguished llsliculturist, 
per steamer Dotiau for Bremen, having in charge some 
100.00U young shad, At the time we wrote that the chances 
against carrying the flak alive on their journey were very 
great. On Saturday we received tUo following From Mr. 
Mather:— 

On ESOAKD STE.ousn "Donah," O-Ef SotrratAMSTOlT, I. 

England, August lo, 1874; ) 
Editor Fouest and Stueam:— 

I regret to pay that om- mis-ion lei- • :u v-en -.n:. ■..:-> hi: . u flsadied 
U-t night of i&rmtiotl. .Mr. Anderson and myself iwve dona :'i !i 
could be done under the circumstances; were with inem niyljl. find day; 
gave i hem Cioron waier every hour thetlrsl nix days, and every halt hour 
tins remaining four. Out of 1OD.0O0 Ush we had lost tni t H',0' ill at tile close 
of ihe ninth day. Fkeu. Matiiek. 

Though this most novel experiment of transporting 
young fish 1ms not been successful, we arc by no means 
willing to consider it hs conclusive. We believe that it 
will be found perfectly possible to curry young fish ou a 
sea voyage of a moderate duration, and that before n year 
has elapsed Mr. Mather will accomplish this feat. Let 
any one read Mr. Living-ton Stone's most interesting ac- 
count of the first transportation of I lie fish across our con- 
tinent, and he will appreciate the many difficulties which 
encompass these experiments in fish culture. W(! are cer- 
tain that Mr. Mather, whose powers of practical observa- 
tion are of the keenest character, has already diseovc 

where the plans were at fault, and thai he will try all 

trip, and with betlur chances of success. ft 

for us to stale thai Mr. Mather was by no mean- -anguine 

of his ability to keep Hie tisli alive, and that he told 

use Ins own ivords, that "there were ten thousand chances 

sgavust him, and but two or three in his favor." 

AVe trust to have from Mr. .Mather an account of. his ex- 
perience, and how his novel nursery was inai aged ' ■ ' 
doubtless will be interesting,, not only to our readers, but 
to rl ic-ultuiiStB all over the world. In a novel experiment 
of - us character difficulties in the way act butasinGen- 
tiv_s to overcome them, and we again repeat that we be- 
leivc before very long FoBEST and STREAM will publish 
an account of how the young shad traveled all alive from 
Xew York to Bremen. 



OUR INDIAN GALLERY 

7"E arc indebted to an officer at Fort Sill, whose cor- 
respondence frequently graces our columns, for a 
series of very fine photographic pictures of the various 
Camanehe, Apache, and Kiowa braves, whose names are 
not unknown to our readers. The pictures arc exceedingly 
interesting from the notices of the chiefs written on the 
back of them. We pick up a picture at random. We see 
a noble warlike bead with an iron mouth, betokening decis- 
ion, with a deep furrow on the brow, the eyes, however, 
with something of a latent glare in them. Take it In a 
Lavater sense and it is the portrait of an aristocrat, so 
proud and defiant is it. Turn to the back, and we read 
Hie following: "Sanlauta, sentenced to bo hung for vari- 
ous massacres in Texas, but eventually released. Is here 
now at Fort Sill sick, all his prestige gone, and amounts to 
literally nothing." . The picture of "Big Tree," Saniauta's 
comrade, shows more guile. The features are a trifle 
sleepy, but to us there is much more of the hidden devil 
in them. Big Tree is now a simple brave of the Dangerous 
Eagle Band of Kiowas. His incarceration seems to have 
broken his .spirit. Hob way's picture is a startling one. It 
represents the features of a savage of some fifty years old. 
The mouth is grim, the forehead is broad enough, but low, 
and there is no end of guile, lure, and wickedness about the 
face, The legend on the back reads: "This chief means 
business and war in earnest. Is one of the ablest of the 
Comanche Indians. All his people are now hostile." 
White Horse's head also illustrates our gallery. The face 
is pitted with smallpox, and is crafty to a degree. White 
Horse led the party of Kiowas who murdered the Leo 
family in '72, and, says our informant, "he is as precious a 
scoundrel as goes unhung, yet now professes to be 
friendly." The most superb head of all is that of Big Bow, 
cjnef of the Kiowas. With a more lofty brow than Indi- 
ans generally possess, the whole contour of the head is 
grand, the eyes are thoughtful, and there is even a certain 
amount of benignity about the features. But all signs as 
to physiognomy fail when you look at an Indian picture, 
for the endorsement reads as follows: "Big Bow, for years 
a bad character, is now hero and will manage to sneak out 
of present difficulties. He led the party committing the 
Howard Wells massacre in 1872." Various pictures of 
Indian girls also adorn our gallery. Mademoiselle Lone 
Wolf, with aquiline Jewish features is absolutely pretty, 
and her pose on a buffalo robe, with betid bent on a beau- 
tifully rounded arm, is as good as that of a Grecian statute. 
Arrapahoo and Comanche girls have, however, genorally to 
our eyes few redeeming personal traits. Though graceful 
in their movements, with small hands and feet, their 
features are ugJyand stolid, and as to the married and 
overworked Indian women, the homeliest creature in the 
world is a squaw. 



Poon CiiUiDKEH'fl Picnics. Their Conclusion.— Ou 
tugust 39lli, took place the twelfth and last of 
the Poor Children's Picnics, At a cost of §8,874, 23,856 
children were given a pleasant jau id oil the waler. and 
amply fed. eared for, and provided with amusements. 
Thus happily concluded the third season of these picnics, 
D Children bave been entertained. From 
some personal experience in the business, for a business it 
is, we ate very sure that few can imagine how arduous a 
Wsk it is to care for such a host of little ones. The suc- 
cess achieved by Q. V. Williams Esq., the manager of these 
Poor Children's Picnics, has been akin to the marvellous. 
Sixty five thousand children! Can the reader even imagine 
what an army of little ones— what a host of children— -thcs< 
figures represent? To feed them alone is a troublesome task, 
but to care lor their safety, is the all important thing. It is 
safe to say, I hat if an equal number of adults had to be 
1 i cal'ed for, more OT less accident- tO life 
and limb would have occurred. It is then, we repeat, 
akin to miraculous, how Mr. Williams should have so far 
carried, through litis enterprise, and never hurt or lost a 
child. This wonderful result, is due entirely to the admir- 
able administrative qualities of the manager, and his cease- 
less care and watchfulness. A balance of $693 remains 
now on baud for next season, and Mr. Williams intends to 
keep open the subscription in order that next year the 
In mis in hand may be ample for this most excellent 
charity. 

SHIPPING GAME OUT OF SEASON. 



.i-:, Ontario, Angus! 89, 1 



•\i month, allow 
- the necessity of 
rasa of Immense 



EuLTOtl FOBKB'J LSD - I ::!.AM:- 

lu view of thu Convention to be held at > 
mo, through your c i 
som ■ . islution in prevenl the Jhlpmi i ■ 
i in: ubei.- if <ti-uii-eaiid quail during ihccl< 
barrels of prairie chickens and qlnfllii o]>e 
city of Toronto-fit I itcasUie Isl of April, ■ 



I "6p.>ri-m,in's" correspondence has our special attention. 
We trust the Convention will do all in their power to sup- 
press trapping. It is in regard to selling birds out of sea- 
son where the Press can be of use. This year we directed 
particular notice to pinnated grouse exposed for sale in 
England during our close seasons. We trust our friends in 
Canada, this coming spring, will give us names and ad- 
dresses of all venders of game who are disposing of our 
birds out of season. — Ed.] 



— A note from our Editor-in-Chief dated Toronto, Aug. 
28th, states that he would leave for Muskoka on the 
20th. C. S. Rust, Esq., Fulton, N. Y., and W. E. Wil- 
liams, of the Fulton Times left for Muskoka on the 27th. 
Four gentlemen who had just returned report plenty of 
game. He acknowledges the courteous attentions roceived 
at the Rossin House. 



^IwrUtft] Jfiu/s ft[otn JtbromL 

THE TWELFTH OF AUGUST. 

[VEOM OUK srECIAL ENGLISH CORRESPONDENT .] 

YEARS ago the 1st of September was the red letter day 
in the sportsman's almanac; but however much the 
modern generation esteem partridge shooting, it neverthe- 
less holds a very secondary place in comparison with the 
more fashionable pursuit on the Scottish moors. As regu- 
larly as the swallows seek warmer climes, so do the tired 
barristers of Lincoln's Inn, the jaded merchants, the bkm 
men of pleasure, statesmen and jurists, army men and lit- 
erttfewrs, Peers and. Commoners, with long accounts 1 at the 
bank, seek new health and vigor in the fresh air of moor 
and mountain. Weie the night express from Euston on 
the eve of the 12th to run off the line, and indulge in one 
of those smashes of rolling stock and passengers' ribs, 
which are the result of nobody's carelessness, and often 
traceable to a:: extra glass of gin and water, I more than 
expect that lite speeches in the House next session 
would be most of them maiden ones, and whilst the ex- 
tirpation of betting and the early closing of public houses 
remained uuadvocated. many a church would lack its bril- 
liant sermons, and shovel hats and ecclesiastical gaiters be 
found amongst, a debris of breech loaders and pointers. 

It is, however, now two years since Lord Walsingham 
killed ou the Blubberhouse moors 423 brace, or 848 head 
ol gi .I,-, io his ou n gun or guns, for of course there was 
always a second one ready cocked and loaded for him when 
he had killed right and left. This unprecedented season 
saw enormous bags on other moors. The Marquis of Ri- 
pon, at Studley Royal, brought home 2,240 head in one 
day, and ere the sun set at Wemmergill almost as many 
had fallen, and 700 of them to Mr. Millbanke's aim, whilst 
finally, 2,626 head were shot at Broinhill, in the West Rid- 
ing by Mr. Rimington Wilson and his friends. This was 
rather -an improvement on Colonel Hawker's time, when a 
typical day's sport realized some forty birds all told, and 
the cripples picked up. The extraordinary crop of 1873 
furnished many writers with arguments in favor of grouse 
driving, then just come into vogue, and it was insisted on 
by more than cockneys in the Strand that Sancho and Don 
were the origin of the disease, and that by shooting over 
dogs the old birds were allowed to escape, whilst the young- 
ones fell. This gratifying theory was supported by the 
fact that old cocks and barren hens are the first to fly over 
the ambushed sportsmen, when packs of grouse are driven, 
anil as far heavier bags were made, and there was more 
shooting, the Londoners who cared nothing about a dog's 
instinct, caught at this method of ensuring plenty of sport, 
and discarded setters and took to driving. The disastrous 
consequences of this theory, arc, I think, now becoming 
apparent, and whilst there are not enough birds left to 
stock a moor for the next season, wo can't eat our cake and 



have it too, though owing to the fables of the Lessors of t 
ground — 

•'Hoik: springs eternal In the human breast; 

Man never is, tnit Dlwil) - to tli bid 
With an ominous and sinaular unanimity the reports, when 
CHiididam't unbiased, prophesied cksandabad 

breeding season. Grouse disease hai beta general; the 
hatching sea-nn lifts been .scarcely unfavorable; hut some- 
how or other the habitats of the dark flushed game are few 
and far between, and ruefully the wealthy lessees are look- 
ing at their check books and their "bags." As luxury and 
effeminate habits laid Rome low. so have breech loaders, 
driving, and other sybaritic devices for making .-hooting 
free from fatigue and exercise, ruined sport ill the land of 
bmwn heath and shaggy wood. The moors have left the 
lands of the lairds of the highlands, who, bold aud active 
mountaineers, were born sportsmen and cared not for a 
pastime as tame as pigeon shooting now fallen to the ten- 
der mercies of the dandies of Bund Street, whose long 
purses enable lhem to stand behind a su'eeu in patent 
leather boots, and whose idea of sport is to see themselves 
in print, as having killed so many hundred brace of gri iu 
A shooting box iu 'he north is now a sort of Oap'.tan villa, 
on a small scale. A friend of mine more gifted with rent- 
rolls than energy, ivottld go mad with enkui if be hadn't 
his French duj, a billiard table, a rail I Jfoet at C'handm, 
Habauas and Parisian novels. You are expected lo play 
unlimited ioo, SlUOltO big regalias and " pot I lie red and 
cannon " till at leaSt three o'clock in the morning, and then 
ouldo the steady old "fellows who have snored peacefully 
rolled up in their plaid for at least ten hours, whilst you 
wake up with a headache only dispelled by a bathe, and 
some hock asd soda water. As a writer says in the Field, 
you can— if driving is the order of the day — sit down at 
Jinir stand until your toitti 'ell-, you lo look out, and then 
you ride from Btaud to stand on a pony and lire away 
without soiling Dodgall's Athol brogue.-;, or using more 
exertion than is required in lifting (I gun to the shoulder. 
'ii • :u .-!• -ome aiin'i.nt of practicu is required to hit birds 
ui.o fly as fast downwind as an average swallow or an 
ordinarj kingflshsr, but you oeed know no more about 
sport than a London rat catcher. My u\\ u idea about driv- 
ing grouse is this: ll is as tame as shooting at, glass bottles. 
I would rather shoot over poodles or Persian kittens thau go 
in for such artificial sport. 
The best bags read thus :— 

Aboyne — The Marquis of Huntley and two other guns, on 
the moor of Dannett, sixty-five brace grouse, two snipe, 
one plover, aud two rabbits. 

RMuia8, Bala, North IF«&«— Mr. Lloyd Price and friends 
seventy brace of grouse; seventeen and a half brace killed 
over Beau and Mallard, the field trial pointers, aud ten and 
a half over Grecian Bend and Light. Mr. Price's old 
Drake, purchased at Mr. Garth's sale for 150 guineas, know- 
ing the birds were wild, went low in the heather, always 
working for the wind, and more birds were killed to him 
than other dog. 

On the Yorkshire moors two guns killed eight and a half 
brace on the Caldberth ground, ancl on Penhill thirty-nine 
brace fell to ten guns. 

The Honorables Thomas and Charles Fitzwilliam killed 
forty-five brace, the Rev. H. Russell twenly ancPa half 
brace, and at Edward Byer's a bag of twenty-six and a half 
brace, and several others of twenty brace, were about tho 
best made. 

The Earl of Stair, Honorable North Dalrymple, and an- 
other gun killed seventy-four brace, and the best shooting 
in Scotland seems to have been in Banffshire, Argyleahire, 
and Wigtownshire. The Duke of Roxburgh has decided 
to give his moors a rest iu consequence of the badness of 
the season, and his example is followed by many of the 
leading sportsmen. 

Tho Field says the only good bag was that made by Mr. 
W. Canliffe Brooks, M. P., Admiral Farquharsou, Mr. 
Thompson, Rt. Hon. W, P. Adam, and Mr. Davidson, 
which amounted to 152 brace of grouse and twenty-two 
various. On the Melgensen moors Messrs. Noblo ami Bay- 
turn made a bag of eighty-seven and a half brace of grouse 
and over 100 hares, which was better in proportion to Iho 
guns. 

The American base ball players at Richmond had rather 
stormy weather to contend against, but nevertheless there 
was a large assembly of people. The Athletics won a 
quick game. The ruus scored were-. — 

Athletics 8 2 I 0—11 

Bostons 000000 12—3 

Runs earned— Athletics, 4; Bostons, 8. Home runs— 
Gedney, 1; Beals, 1. Double play— George W right and 
Kent. Base ou errors— Athletics, 7 times; Bostons, G 
times. Time of game, 1 hour 25 minutes. 

At the Crystal Palace the weather was bad, and hence 
gpectal i d the ground being slippery the game 

was not up to its usual form. At the "Oval" cricket 
ground the Bostons had it all their own way. It has been 
asserted in the Times that base ball is an old English game 
but like pall mall has subsided of late years; but I bete is 
not much proof of this, and 1 am inclined to doubt it. 

Ihstc«k, Je. 
■»»♦" 

—The Irish team will sail on l he ofh of September, and 
will be composed of the following gentlemen-.— Jame Mil- 
ner, John Rigby, Edmund Johnson, James Wilson. Dr. 
Hamilton, Capt. Walter, H. Forstcr, W. Waterhouse, J 
Doyle, aud J. Kelly. 

*> • 

Any of our subscribers who have a copy of this paper 
of February 12, 1S74, which they do not wish to preserve, 
will confere a special favor by forwarding ir to this office. 



58 



FOREST AND STREAM. 



j^ea and ^iver ^ishitfg. 

FISH I N SEASON IN SEPTEMBER. 

Land-locked SHlm<m.Salrnoq/ovt rl. Salmon tront. iSalvio mnn»is. 
Black Bass, nigricans. 

.striped 1; tmaculatUs. 

Klueiish. im Weakfish. 



'fronting is permitted in. Maine and Itanuda until October first. Sal- 
mon fishing with fly is permitted in Hew Brunswick until September 15. 

l.Hiui-lnrked salmon and salmon trout in season till September 15th. 



Fish in rut: Market. — There ia somewhat, of a scarcity 
aed by an advance in price, though 
aeem overflowing, Spanish mackerel are by no 
means in large quantity, and worth fifty cents a pound, 
coming from the east end of Long Island. It looks as if 
the rush was now over, though they will keep off and on 
until October; prices may be increased. Blue fish in good 
north eight cents a pound, they have been as low 
ms six. They are coming from Ilyanis and Martha's Vine- 
yard, Nantucket, and perhaps escorted President ©rant and 
; Peking, We may expect the blue, fish to keep 
"ii coming until about November. The New Jersey throng 
of fish ought to make in, say about the middle of this 
month. The averag svelghl is about three pounds. We 
6ne fellows, which when dressed turned Ihe 
eight pounds. The true mackerel are plentiful 
■■on, worth fifteen cents, though small, fat and 
delicate. Sheepshead from Little Egg Harbor are in mod- 
k, worth twenty cents Striped bass quite scarce, 
and really none fresh on the market— a hungry squad of 
shuiks off Pasquc Island said to be the cause. Salmon in 
small supply, principally from the Miramiehi, fetching 
forty-five cents a pound, [t is not pleasant to look at them, 
if l lie lish seemed ripe with their eggs. King fish 
in their pretty coats of silver and russei hardly plenty, 
worth twenty-five cents, Pompinoes abundant at thirty- 
five cents, Salmon Iroul aid while fish from Lake Erie 
jlisl -lopped from Baffalo lire bringing eighteen cents. The 
South now is sending in some of her fish, notably the 
handsome red snapper, which comes out of the brilliant 
- around Key West, all aglow with Ids crimson fires. 
rah — loige fellows — fat and tempting, the nicest we. 
have seen, worth for the best $1 50. The New Jersey lob- 
sters we have SO much praised, have gone to grief or to 
Salad; there are now no more of them, at least for the pres- 
ent. Smaller i, i io > liabitat ib Fisher's Island, near 
Xoank. are now in market. Epicu;es declare these lob- 
:i "fineM as to flavor which come to us. Hali- 
e— worth twenty cents. Cod— the famous old 
ii -i.iud-by — in moderate quantity. Worth eight cents, 

■.ducket Shoals. 
—The best fishing ground in Pennsylvania, as wu 

Mtiallyi from the Sermantowu fflfgntph, is ai the 
Ikill Falls. That paper says: "The water 
side of the river is as black as ink, and on the other side il 
has all the colors of the rainbow. We have never passed 
along v. ilium! seeing nitii and boys fishing." The only dif 
Acuity seems to lie that there are no lish there, and yet, as 
we have remarked, the. fishing could hardly be better. 

—The Norristown Mi nil'!, of Thursday says; "Twenty 
black bass, weighing thirty-nine pounds, were caughl by a 
gentleman at Pawling'* dam, on Saturday last. Among 
; •■.ere some splendid lish, six of tbe largest weighing 
ii-eii pounds. The same place has since been visited 
by sportsmen, nearly all of whom failed to catch even a 
single fish." 

Mr. A. B. narrower, who is in the halitt of ''casting bis 
lines in pleasant places," says;— 

Tbe Bab in tbe Bicbelieu Uivci. P. Q .Canada, are pike, black I..!--. 

rods ba--. -bad. whiieiish, perch, pickerel, idore.i atid an occasional ma.- 

recySae, tuna taken at 81 John'- with amin- 

I Bah, trolling with a spoon 

ahove tbe rapids The pteasaoteet apotto fish »u the Kicbelieu, however, 

i sat CJ .: 11,-in' afford- Bne boat 

a,;', and (bete Is ■■< good hotel there, kept bj one LaHne, (never saw it writ- 

■ the orthography.) a Frenchman-that la, he 

state from my ownexperience that bets do ttUu a 

-■ iu certain waters. 

— An expert angler who fished a Canadian river last 

month thus describes how he captured a tine fish latin- 

ttwk, and the difficulties he had to contend with. He 

unites:— 

I killed a splendid salmon at du-k Hue evening. He weighed twenty 

Hi as I - -. ten or fifteen minutes, and darkness com- 

I made a final cad prerio ding ap. My I is* • i 

i supposed to be a grilae or large tront, under water", soon, how- 
.. . i ,., ,.j, ,;,,,■ , mi in I tell isanred thai I bad at ami m 01 

■ 'i"" i <-l my tactics accordingly. He made forthe 

.,f the run, and sulked for some time. Then he .1 , -he..' ■!<, -rrcaU II 
■_,'i ■■ ..iipiitc dark. My line was invisible, and I ad twice 
around': - [ expected every moment to lore the gam. ; 

■ '* rock and showing himself but once above rater,] 
.: in . 1 1 v- reeled him towards the at '"I" 

.... o _..n hi i b .! in the dim light broke ft . I hi i i 

hotly ol ' ' i-'i '■''■" tad I '■ ■ "-"' '■ : < ml inallempta..- Ni n : 

Uilll Bui " " I '""' '■■■ - ■ ' r i 'l""""'d 

iu the fish, which again, made off. He wu-. however, prertjwi 

Out, audi again reeled him in«itnout much difficulty. Thegnidi tappi 

him over the bead, and then -scooped" him wnh hhj hands, and literally 
flung him ashore. II was the hardest fight 1 ever experienced with a 
salmon, and considering the darkness and adverse circumstances I re- 
garded his capture as quite a triumph. 

—Our attentive Barnegat correspondent, wriliug August 
29th, says:— 

No Woe fish have been ln| I eak ti-h have 

hgen , ■ Sammy's SJeughV— so 

■ - i 

Ottkl.-. . . ,.'i. ■ ' S .i ' n '.'in over a hundred on 

Wednesday iu aboui Lwohouis, Tbe prevailing easterly wind has made 

intertable In boats. But few have been on the 

"round, and not many have been caught. Yesterday, here, in Tom's 



River, T saw a fisherman catch a large string of weak fish and perch near 
the mott Ih of tbe river. Another fisherman caught abont thirty pike in 
the river here. In my next I expect to report some good c i [i I - at Ijl 
Striped baas. 



BLACK BASS. 



irily, and 



V 1 UAVEseonr. Iowa, Angost tqth, 1674. 

Entron i ■ jtri un- 

ity r. ii-ni communications in (your valuable paper the writer observes 

that with many it is still a mooted question whither the W 

be taken with a lly. Permit ma to add my testimony in the affirmative, 

if the question he regarded in any respect: 
The writer, with a young friend who has 

who never fished With, a By Mi G oxgi 

chosen spot not a mile distant, on the 

sport among the bass ll- to,ok,as I h 

from me. arranged his. rod. and attached II 

and dr.ik<- wing-, and dropped u upon the 

instantly he bad a fine black bass. 

landed safely eleven, one of which 

four others from three i" fenr pound 

three and a half pounds. These fish 



tbe rippling 
I Ihiuk in c 
weighed five 



les. and we have had glor 
h Willi the lly. Upon oi:> 
Bohiug place, ir.c writer. 



-.ii.U;, 

bass, and iiniu.d;- 
\'ow, touching thi- 
bui if this article 



ib. the hirgi -i I have seen "r taken 
a line table lish. esti enied equal bo 
have not in Basterii waters. I think 



fisherman of this pi 
a fir with any of Si 
gether in ' 
Rock River, i. 

red-«inged lly and Hgbl body, e*( 
atelv afier a four pound -alnioii. < 
latter nth 1 am mm-h inclined to 
bu taking, will reserve my disqofsi 
In fishing with the lly here for 
perch, its I have intimated- whose 

or striped bu ■ fl itoples. Pard 

fish. I am familiar with the stripe 
but do not attain the sajj 
weighing four pounds. They art 

■ i-. Tile cropie.- you 

they would be worth planting. A-l 

I have caught them largest tthrrol thn 

seen sixte.-n taken iu six miliiiti Kali than tie 

snnlisb, and I have known old i.-in equal, if 

i iU] m any fresh wnier li-b. t uivm-K will luke brook trout all 

iu, mm, Till intemsttng feature, however idiutitihe crjiple ia that it, 
wiib tie nthera named, will leap to :be fly. 

Now. as the writer is an old. white-headed li-b :i 

iji-v, ".,,ni - lor the benefit of others in the - me m itlon. tf you fish 

forblaeJ i - oi bait el me tell yon thi esi hi- the 

led •" • ,,.,.-...,.'.- , -i :.,,- 

known us hi-(ig.iruites or craw i,[- . , i nudei thi icfcs In the bass 

earn I I hinfc irt all 
and for tliis rttteon tl 
abound. Saw, this cc 
May. Mlo- tod 
lumber, becomi 
for lei--. While thee 



f the year, die natural food or the bass, 
lie tumbling ■ i, n - • ■. re the rocks 
■, 'ii-- ■. t of "" it April or 

rive bores ttidei clones and 
, ,n . . ,. , i ,i 
- ■ i ■' -i,i i I Ic, ugly .".,'.,. l-r 
asyou can seein i'enncy's Zoo'.oj . i- U th best baa lor buss. I have 
, eardani believe that a ifelterjuan took fsurleeu bla ', Ith a single 

soeeinien. In Kock Hlvrr I A i in Sept. and 

'', ,, i , ,, ild ',','" i ■ i ii "■■■ 

tinne in O.e stream tl,- year round, .mil ron-Ctuie the priUC - I - 

the black bass. I have found 'li, a doug - , iieli.iuua. aud have no 

i. h ., ' " io.oi ., iiiiiliont ,,i i nmn continuing iu rbe 

Itiie a portion -of a certain age, I suppose— leave it raumally 

For tbe lly conditio] B a i i i i 8 ,■,,',:' i ■ i ■. ,,,, 

c ilnmns. |i!aee il and I'll gii II cisiirC. 

•I. U, .'•■,.' 



I ROUTING NEAR M ALONE 



, , ' i : a it :— 

Among the numerous n ts of sportsmen ttiete are ten 

accessible, oc which afford belter sport tnun, the Salmon Rivor, above 
wha; is know,, a.- the -State . Mm. ■' Here, within thirteen mil,:- of Ma- 
lone, i.- ,. mreaui won . ■ » - affoeda an 
ible quantity of trout. 1'Ue puud rui-ed by t.ie dam varies 
I. e: let. lily il ia only about a q ; -iiei of a mile iu leugttl, 
■I the riverwtnds a torturous course :oi Be veral miles 

;lut-. and for a --ill rorther dhtfanoeu uon devious 

: alder-. With tb probable 



I, the 



being thereby reunced abont ■ 

ponds empt) into this river, which fum 

waller, and iis upper w.u, i- -■em a, bi 
count- for the abundance of Ihe trout, 
aged sixty to -evenly trout a day. the lar 
ponnd and a hair, and from thai down, an 
is considered there seems to be but lit 



ter with a rly than with bait, the favorites being a red ibis, brown hackle, 
and a gray fly. Montreal flies, and white millers are also used With 

.Many d"ei come inio Round Pond. W'oir I'ond. and tbe other sheets of 
water in the neighborhood, and trace- or bear were also visible. Many 
partridg - are to be round in the wood-, i here is.agood, although un- 
pretentious, hotel at the dam. kept by H. .1. Cunningham (better known 
a-"Hu- ",. where guide- and bo.,- - cm be aed, Tim bouse is beau- 
tifully dean and the fare good, Visions should take the 11. K. K. R. to 
i igdeu.-burg and Lake fhainpluin Railroad. From there a 
: the State Dam. (i W. W. 



CAUGHT. — A few days since, while one of the operatives 
at the YVamsutta Mills, New Bedford, Mass., was walking 
upon the shore near the. mills, he discovered a wild duck, 
apparently wounded, on the shore. On approaching it he 
found a quohaujr banging to one of its feet. The poor 
creature had u'.-enb n i 1 1 iv got its feet into it while running 
upon the shore. If was promptly released. 
■+*+■ 

— A. correspondent informs us that he has found oil of 
savin a perfect protection against mosquitoes. It is entirely 
harmless to the skin, has very little odor, and if rubbed on 
in the evening will-last all night. Care should be taken to 
rub over all tlie surface, as the pests will discover any spot 
which the oil has not touched. 

— A Wisconsin correspondent reports pike, pickerel and 
black bass biting freely in Lake- Koshkonong. 



j|/w/ %tm and ffifie. 

GAME IN SEASOn'fOR SEPTEMBER. 



Elk <.r \Vapiti, Cer, 



■"over. ci..,:;.!,.,;.,.. 
teidwit. tin 

' 



r Rice birds, Dolifhor-yr 0'>z- 



Game ix Market. — Woodcock still scarce: about S00 
In aee enming into market a week. Birds in nice order, 
are worth *l To a pair. Connecticut, Rhode Island, and 
Sew Jersey are sending a few birds, but the bulk are from 
Hie West, Some ruffed grouse in the market — said to come 
from Indiana and Iowa — worth $1 50 a pair. Not in very 
gui'd nriier, nor prime birds. Prairie chickens — but few 
yet— worth $1 25 a pair — rather scrawny birds. Reed 
birds — the first we have seen — worth $1 a dozen. As yet 
they have hut a skim of fat on them. In a week or so 
they will be lumps of lusciousness. Curlew few — Snipe 
scarce, but grass plover in moderate quantify and plump — 
worth $1 00 a pair. 

es to be as yet some 
nc-ss, the fall trade c 
e doing a fair businei 



ide- 



— Though thei 
pressiou in genei 

-! e.vly, g Un makers are doing a fair business. Chicken- 
iii.iiting- in tl. ■■ West consumes an enormous amount of 
ammunition, and orders for guns are being rapidly sent in 
.: nington have found if biposaihle to keep 
up with the demand for their new breech -1 oadei s. At 
present their facilities allow them to turn out some ten 
guns a day. Very shortly with enlarged facilities they 
I rust Io be able to make as many as 800 of their breech- 
loaders every week. 

—James K. Polk, of New York, nephew of the late 
President of Ihe United States: Landon Ketchuni and four 
itlemen of Westport, Conn., went rail shooting on 
August 26th, four miles above the New York and New 
Haven Railroad bridge, at Stratford, Conn. They returned 
in the evening, having bagged 600 birds. They report vast 
quantities of all Kinds of game in that region. il ; 
sportsmen may go there assured of meeting with success, 
Tn" -e.i-iiu for rail generally begins in September, but this 
;, ear the birds have appeared earlier. Rail shooting is also 
r- 1. 1 ni ed good at the Lazarette, Chester, Marcus and Port 
Penn, Pa. 

—Snipe and oilier bay birds are reported scarce 
Barnegat during the last few days. 

— The region around Lake Koshkonong, Wis., is a very 
ultraolive one for sportsmen. Our attentive friend A. M. 
Valentine, Esq., writing from .Tanesville August \i0th, 
say»:— 

I have ju-t returned from a prospecting trip to Lake Koebonoiig. Mill- 
iard, teal and wood ducks are very plentiful there now. and -booiini; i- 
-oo,l oi will be when th.- i -lose season ends, Bent. 1st. We shall have 
splendid canvas tiaek and red head shooting icoldstorre 



agoodplai 



ter. M:i:c), 

sleep and take pain- 



on sood 



— Our valti'-d nor. ■/.•niloiit "Guyon" sends the follow- 
ing account of a wonderful iiot in the dark, as a "trump" 
for the report of ihe icinarkalib- shot reported in Fohkst 
ash Stream, and corrected by "Old Smedy." If it is 
doubted lie offers to send "sworn statement," with signa- 
ture of John Smith, J. I'., duly attached:— 

Mi P> oi Ihe v'xitiitv of Corinth, onedark and raiuv night, was much 
disturbed by the howling pi i small pack ol w„lv,-. They dually came 

yaUa. .Mr. li. had an old Enfield rifle, picked up on the bloody field of 
Shiloh, which he loaded, and going to the di be direction 

from whence the bowlmg came. The repot! ol .. gon, and a yell of 
aimuish echo ■ silent. He 

beard the wolves no more mat ni»ht, and ncit morning, happening to 
pass near the spot where they bad hut been heard, he found an iinmeuiie 
ddg-woir— "with tbe roam ■■! his gasping lyhu» white on tbe torf-shot 
stmare through behind the -boulder. 

—One who has enjoyed iis quiet comforts, endorses very 
cordially the "Model Farm House" at Geqrgeville, P. Q., 
Canada. The owner is N. A. Beach, and his rales of board 
are moderate. 

Sports Extkaoruinarv. — During this week two young 
men went down one evening to Comaiiclio bank. There 
they killed forty curlews, of the brown and whie wing 
variety, and amongthem several ol the pink curlew. They 
then proceeded t" the mouth of Bar creak, where they lay 
in ambush, and killed twenty more, including sea-shore 
snipe and other delicate sea birds. 

Mr. James Mu-kler killed a buck, one day this week, near 
St. Augustine, which weighed uver 200 pounds. Hunters 
report that there never were so many deer near Ihe city. 
Good for visitors during the coining season. Tin 
port an extraordinary number of quail hatched behind the 
hills of the North beach, and around and about, St. Augus- 
tine. — St. Augustine (Fta .) Prett, Aug. 20. 

— The Gloucester Co. Game Protective Association of 
Swedesbot'o, K, J., have elected J ■ o D. Hibbs, President 
of the association, as a delegate to the National Sportsmen 's 
Convention to be held September 9th, 1874. 



FOREST AND STREAM. 



59 



— A match has been made between Capt. Bogardus and 

Win, Carson, of Philadelphia, in that city, on the 23d. 
Mr. Bogardus shoots from five traps. English rules; 30 
yards; Carson shoots from one trap, same distance. 

Besh Tax. N. V., AngustS8th, IST4. 

EllITOK Fof,e*T AND STREAM:— 

On the 19th Of August a trap shoot came off at Braneliport, Y*ate* 
county, >". Y., eight miles from Penn Tan. Five birds each were shot 
at, 21 yards riee. SO yards boundary. 

Score. . Total 

A Amidon ,.11111 5G Wyckoil 1 1 ! 3 

lllli SG.Wagenar 10 10 1 8 

R B. Strong 1 1 1 1 4 ' -J . Coryell 8 2 (I i a 

A Wadley.. - 10111 4 W. Sheldon 00101 9 

. . ,11011 4 W.Keenier I 1 8 

101 11 1 W. Race, oiioo 3 

". Conklfn 110 1 3 

They then went bHck to 31 yards, and undei he rati - md Ire, 
ehoi at more pigeons, Mr. Strong being (riot - ' - 

succession. Hone of the others killed more than two. Strong used a 
.,i Beldpiece, a ten-pounder, which vrnsdi ■. idcdl: mutderouE 
ai colli morale and hint. Pi in ok Tjup. 



Byeu's Station, Jackson county, Ohio. August 23d, 187-1 

Et-ITOK FoRKST AND STREAM:— 

1 sen! y„M enclosed score of a pigeon match shot at Fori - 1 , 
an the IStij inst. : 



i.BAHAJl'* 



a n Tata 



Vfm. Martin 1110 

I - B i 10 11 D 

EW1T12 T)a\is 11111 

T'. Stowe. .. .10 

G. Stewart I 1 1 

Torn Kinney 11000 

James Code 11110 

A. Lawsou.. .. 1 U I) 10 

soury 10 110 

Tom Noel 1 1 i I 

S. H. Graham 1 1 



icon 



HiCaptain Williams... 1110 1 

SlCbarles Burt 1101! 

i Brown .. .01011 
'.-■--.•■ | l || 

a i d - - 

: ..-::.... I l 1 1 

; l is SlSTH s. . (1 I 

j \ rtn M- .11011 

3W. H.Peleis 

4|EnocbHeiies I 

-.' Sam Tearger 1 I 1 o 1 



Total 39 Total 

Vet) i i II. C. sn-o-M IK 



INOPERATIVE GAME LAWS. 



goal 



Prioi 



to. JJ- .1.. Mtgisl 



my koowledgi ol «dod l< Lt-i toi 

to say I know of none tOi - 



3 J c 



od t 



edi 



Conn i 

N. J., koon i 

partridge "rounds. Tbe severity vi that wintei --no-.-. 

(crusted. i and extreme cold, destroyed nl ni - - n-rt 

staned, and th- greater part of the ruimundm 

those who should have protected thrill. ] he Boot Utile h . ; - red, 

nearly frozen quails sought sh and food aruund : ., -- n\d 

within the bank, and •- 

farmers and theit buy-. With a full knowledge 

same, kiiov.ii-i^ a'.-.- :"!,..: it w-<e«lo* si ison, n stil . c --'. : 11 d 

them. Xotbing was done about if. Right here 1 imagine hearing you in. 

dtgnanrty exclaim: -'Why [he d !. uheie. I kneu jroti would swear,) 

didn't you prosecute them':'' Well,Mr, Editor, sit down, keep 

ni press : -■ ; facts d the i ta ft it kt o« a u on it 1 . ■ ■ a 

claiming Sutletn as my home, donol i side ■> I 

ITS. Well I '' I tllii act of 

barbarity and endeavored to make a ■ u 

At once 1 was persuaded to lei the matter drop, and mat, i.y In 

men of -he place. The farmers, with but few exceptions, had always 
, i r-.,; -.-. ... table sportsmen to shoot over their grounds, and shoi.ld 
1 move in the mailer it w "-' arouse the i ttimosity of the elan, ami tlu-n. 
good by to all future- sport. "- Ince gel a Jersey Dutchman mad, and he 
w-Ul tight to the death." is an old sayinsr. and not without -omen ilh in 
it. So finding the sentiment strongly against iaw. together with the fact 
that I could not depend o a a single to and would be left with noth- 
ing but hearsay, which would not be evidence, the murder was allowed to 
pass by. although noticed, unforgotteu and unfoigiven. Since then there 
has been a scarcity of email in that h nullify. Last fall, on a certain farm, 
there were several flocks of birds, and, having an invitation from the 
Qwnsr to come and shoot them. I weut November 1st only to find two 
bevies and a few- scattering birds. Was informed that 1 had waited too 
long, that the pot hunters, [what a contemptible, despicable set they are! 
had preceded me, aud that they had bean shooting them on tit sly, 5 
bird, or two. at a time, ever since the. middle of October, Bverj Jay. Sun- 
days included. He had tried to prevent it. but before he could get to 
them they were gone. 

Anothar reason why there are so few quails found after November let 
in that portion of Ihe State, is, on account of the ignorance of many 
sportsmen of the State boundaries, which proven the necessity for Dram.pt 
legislation which will enact a general law f.. rgami rougl [States 

As you know, the quail shooting begins Qctobu 30 . StateofNew 

York, and not until November 1st in Xew Jersey. A sportsman, being a 
stranger, starts out in New York, intending to coniine* himself to its 
domain; what is Ms surprise to learn that he i- a poacher— a transgressor 
f law— in fact, that he is killing bird- in New Jersey. 

Many such scenes have 1 witnessed, and I couldn't donbt the siiieeriiv 
of the parties when expressing their infeigued regrets. An unseen and an. 
unknown dividiug liue. with laws dissimilar, except as Co penalties. 
How many liave^suffered unjustly through them? Do your level best. 
Air. Editor, to accomplish no: only the repeal ol the old lav - (game,) and 

the passage of a general law. but to prohibit I rer thekniiiuj at an] 

birds during the spring and summer. Pi 1 tranters are qui how ostensibly 
hunting woodcock in the corn, but who. in reiilii . ire Selling . -. ei unai] 
they flush: aye. even more, they are actually hunting quails, and so h will 
be up to the last flight of the woodcock, where we, poor devils, who re- 
spect and observe the laws will find feathers of quail long -in. e shot, 
but no birds. 

Beside the pot hunters, we are cursed with a still meaner lot of 
hounds— the market men. who trap and. snare birds for a living, and who 
formerly took ten birds with their snares to every one shot by a tporlS- 
man. You have seen these devices. ha\ en't you :- A pathw ay cleared l.o 
brushing away the leaves for the distance, of say twenty feet in length, 
and a foot in width— « few grains of corn sprinkled hen, and there on it, 



by a st.-. : 1 d I 

brass wire- the little stick 
suspended and in the foi 
comes the partridge, he see- 
reaches the -gate." takes a 






I go a 



nmd, v 



it li 



inshes his breast firmly against li goes the bar from the 

notches, up springs the sapling aud the poor bird is snared. Sometimes 
in mid>arf they hang dead, and again li they are heavy, and tbe sapling 

i ■ uk -I i :. tannd with theu-toes |nsi tow bine tl e & i fuN i, 

but being constantly choked. Aud so the bud- are murdered and taken 
by hunters. This year mj fumflj ate at Suffern and 1 spend the Sab, 
bath* with them, audit the birds dou't have a better show for lung life 
than heretofore, it will be because they fell at the sharp crack of a shot 
gun. 
As to shootiug quail out of season this year in that part of the world, I 



think it will be utterly impossible to do it without getting shot in return, 
it is now an eye for an eye aud a tooth for a tooth, for the motto with the 
people there now is taken from scripture, (and you being of the Church- 
going kind like myself, will like it. I "He who killeth" game out of 
season with any kind of weapon, so shall he also be killed likewise— 
Selah. You remember the passage, don't you? If was one of the 
Deacon's' favorites. 

Now I find I've written you a "tremein-:. :i lone, and have given 

you the answer to your question, and though it is. not satisfactory' to yn 

or to me. -till, it is the truth. 

There will be considerable more game tlri* year than last, and 1 think 

Hand parti to -ill be fair. Partridge 

are very plentiful: never saw more thau now. and you can find them any- 

h ilieRjimapo /Jountain.s. 

v .o- respectfully, E. S Wan 

«■» 

PROTECTION OF GAME. 



Tin- contributor who sends ihe following communication 
prefaces it with o subscription to Fouest Ami Stream, 
rind this very flattering remark: "I have not taken or con- 
tributed lo a sporting paper since the extinction of I lit- old 
Spirit of the Times under Porter and Richards."— En. 

Pomtret Centuk, Conn., August 84th, 1874. 
Editor Forf.st and Stream:— 

In pursuance of a call for n National Sportsmens' Convention, to he 
held at Niagara Falls on the 9th of September, a meeting was held at 
Hartford, Conn, on the 18th inst., and live delegates were appointed, 
with power to appoint live mjjre, to attend with themselves and reprt- 
.,.',. heState of Connecticut, Cnder these circumstances tl - i usto 



elf a 



,- -po 



proper ome for tb 
idem of Conneetic 
that our game law 
structionof game 






• defec 



preservation, in the tirst place- there should 
ienall the Ne»»yngland states. The shoot- 
ing- or otherwise taking of either tufled grouse, quail or woodcock, 

- ad commence alike in each on the same day, and I would suggest 

that day to be the first day of October in each year. Then prohibit trap- 
ping or sharing, except for a proprietor's own table on their own 
grounds, with ho power to ti an-mit the same right to others, even on 
ii-e>. Then make the penalty large enough and possession 
proof that the person in w hose possession game is illegally found caused 
its death, utiles- they can satisfactorily prove to the contrary, aud pro- 
ii tin offender for punishment. Then award one-half the penally to 
the complainant that prosecutes to effect; also, it possible, empower 
fti miii with the- right to search all persons where there is just 
ground for suspicion that .-aid person has game in his or her possession 
illegally taken. When such laws are enacted alike in all our sister 
Slate-, as well as our own, we may then justly look for an increase, in- 
stead or diminution of gume. As the laws have been scarcely two 
States have laws alike. The summer shooting of woodcock has 
ever called the. pot hunter into the field, with the exorbitant prices 
paid by keepers of hotels and other fashlbnable resorts for summer birds: 
when they are nearly worthless for the table and make no sport for the 
real sportsman, but a rich harvest for the pot hunter, who makes no 
scruple in bagging indiscriminately both half-fledged partridges «ac& 
ring quail, lieeai.^e he eai - great prices. io be e-aleti under [he 

cognomen nl drib. Now. if there is no way to «top this indiscriminate 
slaughter, the rising generation must look to some distant sporting fields 
for that enjoyment that, with judicious legislation, they might tind near 
their own doors. When 1 note the Email auieuut of game here now. in 
comparison with the abundance of :i:';> yean a 0,1 Can but feel tbat 
woodcock, and even rutied grouse. \-. ili Boon si retl slate that the pin- 
nated, grouse or prairie chicken has already in the Eastern and Middle 
,- :,,!,-- some more effectual laws are enacted for their preserva- 
tion. When I saw the call for a National Conveniien 1 fell that it was 
the fl.-rt step in the right direction towards the preservation ot the game 
in this country. For myself, the inlirmitt ' of age. according to the 
common course of events, will soon forbid m uariicipaiiou in tin- pleas- 
ures of the tield. But while! live I shall alwa . - feci an iuiei. i Inthe 
success of others, and am not so selfish as to wiea to deprive the coming 
veneration of that enjoyment 1 so dearly prize. 

Now, sir, 1 have conversed with many prominee gpoztanaen on this 
subject, and feel 1 do not stand alone in this mallei. I shall t ■:■. in- 
ward to the doings of this Convention with much interest, andean but 
hupe they will not only act in unison, butwisely. Respectfully yours, 

Ethan Ai.i.en. 



PROTECTION OF ENGLISH SNIPE. 



PtEHMONT, N. Y.. Angus! g.'d. is; i. 



York, C 


hio. ifichi 












Dont 


t the .-nip, 












I hat [hi 
they art 


'killed or i 


ot 




i killed 


on th 


,; v 


they no 


t be mon 


pie, 


tifnl 


in tb 


: fall, 


wh 


hreedin 


I grounds? 


Tin 


t the 


y bteed 


furth 


srs 


posed. 


r would, i 


not 


er-e 


tuted, i 


le fol 


ow 


been killed and the dale 


5 Of 


killing 


siiow 


Tl 


pose of 


ine-ubiition 


Be 


gen 


H, J- 


.May 


oil 


roe eon 


aty, N. Y. 


Jill, 


28t 


i, 1884 


Piern 


ion 


Thev f 


irmerly br 


sd in 


the 


town 


if Mat 


edi 


Those 1 


tiled near 


Spent 


, ii" 


rt, were 


UlldoU 


atet 


as there 


was quits 




dba 


; made. 


1 Inn 


- n 



-1 6 ,80 that we could have, good she 

some sport, and not work hard for one or 



birds. W. P. Stee: 



Cheedmoor.— On Tuesday August 25th, the contest for 
the Qildersleeve medal, presented by the able Secretary of 
the National Rifle Association took place. This prize was 
open to the members of the Twenty-second Regiment 
There were also a subscription badge to be shot for. For 
the Gildersleeve badge, five shots eacli at 200 and 500 
yards, gave the following result: — 



ivlAN-EATLNii TioEits ni In'dia.— The Tiiite-i of India has 
the following: — "A man-eating tiger is roaming in the 
vicinity of Ilazareebagh. It is estimated that, durinrthe 
last six months he has killed Iwo hundred Hindoos." This 
Shows that the government 18 doing nothing, and requires 
a kick. Ilazareebagh is a spot of all others in India where, 
with little or no trouble, the animal's death should be a 
question of hours rather than days, or, asit appears tp have 
been, weeks and months. 

[Where are those wonderful Express rifles V—Kd], 
-».«■ 

jtySeveral interestieg communications for tins d. pari 
ment are laid over till next week 



A*..r, 



■-W) v*. 



Private Doian.Co D 3 2 2 2 3 

Sergeant J. 11. Wood. Co li 

Sergeant A. Wood. Co. D 8 8 3 8 4 

Private Doerle. Co F. 288 8 8 

Private Beamo. Co. f) 2 3 2 2 3 

Sergeant Iteddv. Co. D 2 2 2 3 

Private Smith. Co. I) 2 2 2 2 

Private Carson, Co. D 1 2 8 8 3 



5 




i 


s- 




s- 


•ll 


I 8 i 4 4 U 


I.s 


... 


3 4 4 2 3 


us 


14 


4 2 2 4 2 


14 


13 


3 8 a 2 i 


M 


12 


3 3 4 4 d 


14 


9 


13 4 3 3 3 


IK 


H 


3 3 3 3 3 


15 


9 


i .. a i 


10 



19 



To Mr, Dolau was awarded the medal, which was to be 
won three times to give possession. The wind blowing 
briskly somewhat interfered with accurate shooting. 

The subscription badge was shot for, with ten shots 
each at 200 and 500 yards. The following are the six best 
scores: — 

. — Yards.— 



Kami. 

Sergeant l-'reeman. Co. 1-'.. 
Private Backer, Co. F. . 






86 



24 



SOU Total. 
53 



56 



As Sergt. Freeman hud, won Ihe badge twice before.it 
now becomes Ilia property. A competition for places in 
the team for Ihe match open lo the several regiments at the 
approaching fall meeting, then took place. Private Dolan 
taking the lead We append the seven best scores: — 



Xtimt.. 



jgoo rantt. ' S Isoo r«,-*-. | 



Private !>''.. 



3 2 4 3 3 
3 2 i E -. 
i ' I 



nd 

£ \rotat 



15 | 3 4 4 4 4 ; 16 I 33 
14 S3 3 4 4 17 ' 



,3 4 3 3 4 , 1 , 



Si.r-(-;ii 


t-I.ll. Wood. C 


i, 1) ... | 23 3 3 3 


14 


4 4 3 2 2 


1S 


?fl 




Vim Rensselaer, 


C o . Li 3 2 3 3 


11 


4 4 2 4 3 


17 


•M 


Smith. Co. D... 


i .; . - : 


14 


1 3 3 3 3 3 


ia 


89 




tKeddy, Co. D 


3 3 2 2 2 


:a 


13 4 3 3 3 


16 


86 



On Wednesday Atigust 2tith, the selected team held their 
Aral day's practice. As it was a preliminary meeting, 
though shooting was carried on, it was not thought worth 
while to report scores. The regulations requiring members 
of the National Rifle Association to wear their badges 
\\ hile practicing on ihe range, will hereafter be rigidij en- 
forced. The fact that the badges had not been issued to 
life members prevented its enforcement heretofore. It 
veill also be necessary for members o£ the regimental team 
to become members before they will be alloweel to practice 
for the match open to the National Guard at the fall meet- 
ing. The latter were permitted by the committee to prac- 
tice free last year for the purpose of producing an interest 
in rifle practice, but as ail of the regiments have now vis- 
ited Ihe range, and derived some benefit from its privil- 
eges, it is considered unfair by the directors to allow them 
thegratuitious use of the range hereafter. 

On the 27th, the Fifty-fifth Regiment, under command 
of Col. Grilon took place. Rifle practice was not as gen- 
eral as it should have been in the regiment, though the 
order of ihe men left nothing to be desired. We give the 
five best scores, the general shooting being below the aver- 





Xanie. 


1-200 Ya-rdtl -2 I500 Yards. 
1 § 1 


Total. 

Total. 


[.'■no 
Privi 


in Fleischbein, Co. D 


1 3 3 883 

1 2 3 2 3 2 

. . . 8 213 a 

. . . 3 3 3 2 


18 

n 

12 
10 


3 3 4 2 

2 3 2 3 2 

3 8 3 
-3 3 2 


11 

10 

s 


23 
21 
19 
18 



Op Saturday August 2!)th, the second "coaching" of the 

team took place. iVegive below the thirteen best scores:— 

.Va/M. 



■ n, ml T. S. Uilkin 



\. V I .mtield, Jr... 

I". S. Gardner 

John Bue.knur - 



al Dakiu's score 140, is a fair one, especially at 800 
8 in a possible 60. The total score possible in the 
being ISO. 



—On Monday August 31st, the Third Regiment of Car- 
airy, Col. Dudke, were at Creedmoor. Arms used were 
carbines, live shots at 100 and 200 yards. We append the 
best ten -cores made: — 

Ifiun . «<>< ""■' Tuff Xuou. too 2tii rrr 

Capl l-'ie.iemaiik. Co. li 13 12 2s Sergt. Srruak.Co. li. . Hi 10 86 
Prut. Se.noeder. Co. K .It. 9 25 Capt. Hoops. Co . P.. 13 13 24 
Corn Just, Co. K tO S 34 I.I. I.ill-ries, Co. F... 14 9 S3 

Prvt. Kenchner, Co. I ...li 9 iSPrrt. Ooulaberg.Co.B li 8 22 

Sergt. Rhle.v, Co. « II S 22 Sergl. Ranges, Co. G. 13 7 83 

—Two competitions of ihe Provincial Rifle Association 
Here closed at. Halifax on Ihe 25th, the association's chal- 
lenge gold medal being won by Sergts. Harnes ami Cogs- 
well, ami the challenge cup by Sergt. Ilarri. At, Halifax 
on the 2?lh, Sergt. Corbiu of Hie Sixty-third Halifax rifles 
won the silver medal. The battalion match was won by 
the Seventy-eighth, Col. Chester. 

—All members of theiNational Rifle Association in future 
when shoiuing al l 'reeilmoor, must exhibit their cards. 
This rule is imperative, and will be enforced. Members of 
teams arc required lo exhibit Iheir cards before practicing 
on the range 



60 



FOREST AND STREAM. 



Hamilton-. LUstaDa, August 31, 1874. 

EUITOB r;'l I..-T AMP STREAM:— 

OiiJulyiOlhanvaleh eaiiieolr between tin i n , ari r rlulj «jh|- !b<! 

Viotonu RlHoClub, theli igVyS - Conditions, (jcompeti- 

toraoncacb £4 iOe ■ tlio ■ i Ml (I »tto»s; BOD. BOO ui 'I 

ltd b ill l)i . .i i 'i -' . b« ii i u i-i-i maich luok 

lumll again winning. Mr, J. J. Mason, lustre- 

■ Ulv 'I--" 1 ■■ iiii n sequent I .it ;i -. M Hi' in 

iiil ■ i I i Mr, James luam 80 

rtiiuio;. 

Mr. Mlls.jr, - i ,.i .i '.-,,:, , ■'.,■ ,■■ i :,. , ,,, 

3, it. Th««lioot3ngoi the losing -!i'''---i- « c Ii li . m 

,| , .,, ni , ■ ; . ,■,. , [belli 
team when wini Lug tl ., ■, , • , ,i ,, IS! I «i -■ i J..T.Mftsoli. 
Mitchell, S to - ■ i o Masa i Crult, Rati 

I -ill i i' - I - -I i ■ ■■" ;■■ ; ,: ii icr using thcj High) : (lU Were muzitie 
loaders. 

Tin. (oil IV ' ' ' i ■- 

.... ISH ' VOt ilttO 594 

It i> doubtful uhuli I'-willnOtuo arranged to come off 

atCreeilinoorliotAc-i. , . 0. ttl [lishnHn. Negotiations 

torn watch hi i '■ ri ■• i 111 ■■■_ ta« bcoii definitely setiled 

0>[«ctUL: it: v. F{. c,'. 



jjjitchtutg dud boating. 



HIGH WATER 


FOR THE WT5EK. 






IJcdttofl-, 


A*a r»*. 




Sep' .3 

Sent. 4 

•Sip'..i 

Sept. 6 

Rept.7 

Sept. 8 

Sept. 9 


i ii 

i -j: 

? as 

B 39 
9 31 
10 -33 

:i 3 


n. ii. 

1 33 
S H 
■1 SO 

5 25 

6 SO 

7 8 
7 48 


i ii 

2 S3 

3 35 

4 39 

5 34 

6 32 

7 3 



— Tliu Brooklyn Yacbl Club held a regular meeting at 
their rooms on ihe 26lli ilk., upon whirb occasion the day 

for Ihe fall regniia was fixed for tlie 24th of September, 
The course will be for schooners ami slot, ps from an anchor- 
age off Buy Ridge down to unci around tlie outer bar buoy 
and luck to a stake-boat off Gunf. crville, Long Ishtnti. 
There will be two prizes giten, one for schooners and one 
Tor sloops, the whole affair being placed under the sole di- 
rection of the Regatta Committee. The death of ex-Com- 
modore John Jones was appropriately alluded to, and a 
committee appointed to draft the usual resolutions of re- 
gret. 

— The Bennett Challenge Cup, to be sailed for over the 
course of I he New York Yacht Club, has now gone into 
tlto possession of Mr. William Langley of the schooner 
yacht Comet. Commodore William Voorhis having with- 
drawn the Tidjil Wave from the contest to which she had 
been challenged, relinquishes the cup. It is reported that 
as soon as Hie thirty days of grace have expired, Mr. 
Garner of the Magic intends challenging the present holder. 

— On the yachting programme for the fall we have 
several fine races promised. The Bennett Challenge Cup 

on i i ij by the Rambler in Contest with the Madeleine 
over the course from Sandy Hook to Brenton's Reef ami 
return, is now in possession of the club and to he sailed for. 
An ocean race to Cape May Lightships and return, anil the 
regular lull regatta of the New York Yacht Club over the 
usual course. 

—The. regatta of the Skaneateles Yacht Club, sailed lust 
week, was It well contested race, sailed in a stormy breeze 
and was won easily by Mr. II. L. Roosevelt's yacht the 
J.nura. This regatta is especially interesting froin the fact 
that the Laura was built from designs of George Steers. 
furnished more than twenty years ago, and in the -... 
matched against nored vessels from the hands of our modern 
yacht builders, The question arises; Have we really 
made much progress in yacht building of late? Many 
yachtsmen believe the America is still the fastest schooner 

01 her. size to windward, and the race above does not testify 
to much improvement 

— The regatta, under the ansptci rwdn Y-ieht 

Club, open to yacfil tfi tiled ,.m In 

Neversitik River on Friday, - 1 u . : ' ■ ■ 

were principal. y of the smaller classes ut };n:.iu, of which 
there were eighteen in all. The wind was light, and in the 
sheltered river the water was perfectly smooth. The Hum- 
bug Of Red Bank, and the Lizzie of Fair Haven, won easily 
in their re pective classes. 

—The Tom's River Yacht Club held their second regatta 
on Tuesday, 20th. Five prizes were contested for, viz : 
The challenge cup, now held by the Oscar Robinsou; a 
silver pitcher, a tea urn, a butter dish, and a set of jewelry. 
There were ten entries, viz: G. Hooker, T. Miller, Vision 
and Lulu, of Tom's River: Haze and Vapor, of Forked 
River; O.-ear Robinson, Barnegat; S. E. Boweti and Mist, 
Wareinwu. The first prize was awarded to the Vapor, the 
second to tlie Lulu, the third lo the Oscar Robinson; the 
fourth to the C. Hooper, the fifth to the Mist. 

— The second regatta of the Haverhill Yacht Club came 
off Saturday afternoon, August 2ihh, and was witnessed 
by a large crowd of spectators who lined the shore on both 
sides of the river. The Rescue was the winner. The fol- 
lowing was the time: Unknown, 1 40 49; Rescue, 1 40 l(i; 
Maude. 1 42 55; Magic, 1 51 44; Sultana, 1 54 22; Mist, 

2 09 02; Nemkadong, I 55 04. 

The Second Great Iktijrnatigxal Regatta, under 
the management and auspices of that deservedly creditable 
Association, the Saratoga Boating Association, took place 
on perhaps the best lowing course in the world, (certainly 
where, there is a large number of entries), the charming lak'e 
of Saratoga, on August the 28th, 29th, and blst. The 
water wan in the best condition for making good time, and 
i well dressed people who lined the shore 

i a little io the beautiful scene. On August 28th, 

the first race was for the New York State championship, 

i i:i,-., one mile and return. There were six entries, 

Edward Blake, A ta tan la Boat Club, Frank E. Yates, New 

■ ei'tc Club, James Wilson, Beaverwyck Boat Club, 
David Roach, Gramerey Boat Club, and Charles E. 
Courteuay, Union Springs Boat Club. Commodore Brady 
gave the signal to start at quarter past eleven. Wilson led 
at i he start, followed closely by Courttnay, when Yates 
and Cui lis dropped out, they having to row iu the next 
race. Courtenay speedily pulled ahead with his easy 



id, and Will 
place. Curtis litt 
14 -.3 ,-9. Yates 



sw Ingjrig siioke, turning the sthke boat a couple of lengths 

ahead of all the rest. This lead he kept up successfully 
through the race, mid came m an easy winner by six 
lengths. The following is th" lime: 1. Charles Courlenny 
11:41. 2. David Roach, 11:56. 3. James Wilson, 15-lb' 

4. Edward Blaki ts (8 

The next race wa9 Ei< rloublp SCUlIs, one mile and return 

There were three entries, Girviu and Lalhrop, of Che 

Beaverwycks; Kwing and Hughes, of the Mutuals; and 

■ in Curtis -represented the New York Athletic Club 

v - n port of the pistol, the Mutuals were I he first to dip 

their oars, followed closely by the Athletics and tieavcr- 
wyeks. The two latter crews, however, turned lite stake 
boat almost together, when the Athletics spurted and re- 
laiueri their lead until the end. and came in easy winner In- 
several boats length. The following is Hip time- 1 \tli 
lei if. Curtis, and Yates. 18:33*. 3. Bea-verwvcks, Girvin 
itifl Lathrope, 18:50>. 3. Mutuals, Ewitig and Huo-hes 
14:10. 

On August 29th, tlie first race was for the simde-seull 
championship, distance two miles; there were eight starters 
viz., Wm. B. Curtis, New York Athletic Club; Edward 
Blake, of the Atalantas; Francis E. Yates, of the Athletics- 
Pred Hardy, of the Ohesapcnkes, James Wilson of Ihe 
Beaverwycks, DeSaussure Bull, of the Carolina Independ- 
ents, Fred. H. Ewing, of Ihe Troy Mutuals, and Joseph If 
Girviu, of the Beaverwycks. Curtis led at the half mile 
and turned the stake-boat first Yates second, Wilson 
third, Girviu fourth. Curl is led all Ihe way down, Yates 
md Hardy contending tor the third 
id one and a half lengths ahead in 
d In 14:41, Wilson third in 14:51.'. 
Hardy fourth i" 15;04$, Girvin fifth in 15:52}. :: ,,., . 
wns unable to start on account of illness; Davis and Stevens 
were ruled out under the rules of the Association, and 
Blake, who started, fell out of the race at the first half 
mile, 

The second race was the pair-oared shell race for the 
Challenge CUp, presented by Frank Leslie; distance three 
miles, with Oueturtt: Four crews started, but (he Vc-ruon 
crew of Savannah went a quarter of a mile only lo save 
their enl ranee. The crew- which were then in the race 
were the Argonaulas of Bergen Point, Gramerey of 
New York, and Argonaulas Of Toronto. The Jersey crew, 
the Argonaut as, led off with a Quick, vigorous stroke, the 
Gramerey second, and the Toronto crew third. Tlie Ariro- 
nautas increased the lead two lengths at the turn, and on the 
return opened thespace to five lengths with the Gramerey e 
the Canada crew being twenty lengths behind, The Argo- 
naiilas finished twelve, or fifteen lengths ahead of The 
Grameveys in 21:32$. The Canada crew slopped at the 
end of two miles, Gramereys' time, 22:29. 

On August 31st, the last day of the regatta, tlie day was 
warm, the water calm, and the spectators enthusiastic. 
There were three races, junior single sculls, extra single 
sculls, and the great four-oared race. For the first race, 
single sculls, distaucc two .miles, with a turn, there were 
eleven entries, comprising the following names and clubs : 
Jos. II. Girvin, Beaverwyck's; Dunforth B. Brown, Cin- 
cinnati; Langton, Argonaut, of Toronto; George W. Lath- 
rap, Beaverwycks; Christie Akcrman, Atlaniics; David 
Roach, Gramercy's; Fred, Hardy, Chesapeake's; Adam 
Hasslacher, Scawanhaka's; DeSaussure Bull, Carolina's 
(ltd); W. R. Shaw, Gleam; II. H. Robinson, Uniou 
Springs. Tlie men were sent, off as evenly as possible, 
Roach, the Ugliest weight, taking the lead, which he never 
lost, though pressed closely byHardv; neariug the turning 
stake, Laihrop made a spurt" and passed Hardy, Roach 
leading by two lengths, Lathrop second, Hardy third. 
Roach now increased his lead, and came home a winner in 
14:244, Lalhrop 14:27, Hardy 14:314. The next race was 
the extra scullers, one mile and a half and return. James 
O'Neil, of the Gramerey Boat Club, beiug the only com- 
petitor, was ordered to row over ihe course on time. He 
was started in the regular form, and made the three miles 
with one turn in 21m. 19As. This, it is claimed, is the 
fastest three mile single scull race on record an dead water. 
The next was tlie grand four-oared race of three miles, 
with a turn for the Saratoga challenge cup and four pre- 
sentation cups, for which the following representative men 
of the thirteeu cluLs eulered. 

X. T. OKAHEKCV C'ltliW. 

-V:'//te. Position Age Height Weight 

■v i a: at r. Gannon bow 5!5 o.lOt l.ii 

i -. - No.* -26 6. (JO 135 

itairv i\l. Howell No. 3 26 6.00 IMi 

Villiamsun Stroke 36 fi.Oif 174 



Hairy M 
W. K. \V 



It. B. Batnbridsc. . 
William H. Spear- , 

O. T. Johnson 

ltusseu Wulicra 



Bow 



26 



H. Suiii.il.... ■■■• 

V. B. Blaine'. 

ALLEGHANY '. 

.John Sirtibb 

Samuel .Moody 

Geogre Sctmiil 

FranK Bronnou 



ltobert Lefman 

James Heed 

eeuiaa, IVrry 

Llisun AlcCJueeu 

Jauies Schley 

(icorae oeiiley 

LC; ,-irgc G. Hliooall. . 

Hal Schley 



0. W. Baldy 

It 11. Ueua.d 

J. B. GreullC 

C. H. uunbar 



D.07J 
5.01^ 

. Su. 3 :3 b.lOi 
. Stroke 38 5.08J- 

I-WAU-SL-3I CRKW. 

. BOW m 5.09J 
. So. 2 31 6.1KJ 
. No. 3 37 5.11 
Sir ko 30 5.081 
„ HI SOSBNJi OCEW. 



... Blroke 1!) 5. 

ATLANTIC ultEn'. 
... BOW m S. 

... No. ■: as 
... No. 3 21 
.. Stioka 34 

« CHEW. 



143 



i.'otlj 

iCC 



Bow 

No. 2 24 

No a 80 

Stroke 25 

T. KITFTA1,0 C 



5.11 
5.00 
5.11 

d.:o 



. Boiv- 



Johnson, bow; Hobeit Orr, No. 3; John Keppler, No. 8; William 
Knutt, stroke. 

TORONTO, CANADA, ARGONACT3 CREW. 



H. O-Bilen 

G. B. Gias-cli.. 
A. Laimton.... 
H. Lainbu 

Edward Smith . . 
Waiter Mau...... 

ijL'U.iaiiiia Sn-puei 



T. J. Gorman ... 

K. J.Gunnan 

Wllluun Wilson , 



1 POINT, N. .;., 



... No. 2 22 
. . No. 3 23 

., Stroke 85 



6.00 
5.10 
6.01 
5.09 

5.00 
5.0SI 
5.U 
6.07 

11.00 
S.lOi 
5.1.J 
6.00 



CHAni I i 

H.B. Bull 

D. U. Parker 

w'. M. 8. Leaesne 

11. N Paiker 



C, PALMETTO ORE 
.... BOW 23 

.... No. 2 23 
.... No. 3 « 
... Stroke 30 



S.Ofil 
B.09 
6.02 
6.10 



H. S, Tralix 

Frank Jones 

A. J.McRlali 

D. Ooi:»hlin 



. Bow :fr 



J.50 
160 



.08* 

The thirteen boats having all been drawn into Hue, and 
wailiog the signal, Commodore Brady raised his arm 
cently, and at the report, Of the pisiol, til'ty-two oars wero 
ii n autaneously. The magnificence of this sight to 
all rowing men and friends of muscular development, was 
exhilarating in the extreme. The Atalantas, taking a slight 
lead, the Crt.mereys next, the Wah-wah-sums pulling a 
beautiful even -triike, the Argonaulas pulling forty-two 
strokes lo Ihe minute ami verging ahead, 'followed closely 
by Hie Beaverwycks, tlie Atalantas keeping the third 
place, Michigan cre\v_'the fourth, the Duquesne, Atlantic, 



Potomac, Vernon, Buffalo, 
Argonaulas and Palme 
struggle continued lo I Ik 
'a less filiniigi between i 
lanla. Wall wah-sum, an 



the order mentioned, the 
aging up the rear, The 
the firs! mile, with more 
louts. But here the Ata- 
e seen to approach 



and cross each other, with but little, if any, clear water 
between them, 

The Alalautas now held away, and it w-as observed that 



the bow of thei 

two of the men 
clinging to the 

hatldsn;' 



water, and filling rapidly; 
out, iouowi d by lite other two, all 
ii b afterwards sunk. They were 
■- dr. Sotithgate's steam launch 
i the crews had turned the stake- 
boa!, the A.-ponaums leading Beaverwycks a good second, 
rotting more lapidly, and gaining oil the Argonaulas. The 
, i,: '• ■ victorv between these two crews was the beau 
ii. linn . ::t steering. The Buffaloes were 

: W -in wah-smiis fourth, spurting every now and 

then to m li haul the Buffaloes, the Potomaes rowing faster 
and in better style than in the beginning of the race. The 
rest of the crews followed, the Argonauts of Canada, from 
which so much was expected bringing up the rear. When 
the last mil- v. a uaii i ,.-d upon the Beaverwycks had passed 
the Argonautas several leugihs, and evidently had some 
steam Still left iu them, tor in the last one hundred yards 
Ihey again spurted and crossed the line thirteen seconds 
and one-quarter ahead of the Argonautas, who led the Buf- 
faloes one length, The order of the finish, and Ihe official 
time as far as It was taken, were as follows : 

Beaverwyck 18 31 t Wak-Wali-Sum 19 06} 

'-.ili.i i Ma IS -I : t 1 l"ij- , mi.: ,- I!) ]5 

Buffalo is ot^Si-awaiihaka io 19i 

The Palmetto was seventh, Vernon eighth, Gramerey 
ninth, Atlantic tenth, Duquesne eleventh, Aa-gonaut twelflh, 
Atalantaswampi-d. 

Commodore Beni. F. Brady officiated as starter and 
referee, and Fred. J. Engleliardt. aud Richard G. Neville 
were the accompanying judges, John Stout and P. J. 
Sweeney acting as judges at the finish. 

The Saratoga Rowing Association, what with its sound 
management and adhering to the programme to the letter, 
is without douot ihe leading boat club of the United States. 
Too much praise cannot lie given for the able ami practical 
manner in which ihe wholedetails of this eminently suc- 
cessful regalia has been carried out. and especially to the 
followin